The Hawaii Portal
[həˈvɐjʔi]) is a
state of the
United States of America located in the
Pacific Ocean. It is the only U.S. state located outside
North America and the only island state.
The state encompasses nearly the entire
Hawaiian archipelago, 137 islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). The volcanic
physiographically and ethnologically part of the
Polynesian subregion of
Oceania. At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are, in order from northwest to southeast:
Maui, and the largest,
Hawaiʻi, which the state is named after. It is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaii Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago.
Hawaii is the
8th-smallest geographically and the
11th-least populous, but the
13th-most densely populated of the 50 states. It is the only state with an
plurality. Hawaii has more than 1.4 million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. The state capital and largest city is
Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu. The state's ocean coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long, the
fourth longest in the U.S., after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida, and California. Hawaii is the most recent state to join the union, on August 21, 1959. It was an independent nation until 1898.
Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by
North American and
East Asian cultures, in addition to its
indigenous Hawaiian culture.
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Hurricane Iniki (
Hawaiian: ʻiniki meaning "strong and piercing wind") was the most powerful
hurricane to strike the U.S. state of
Hawaii in recorded history. Forming on September 5, 1992, during the strong 1990–1995
El Niño, Iniki was one of eleven
Central Pacific tropical cyclones during that
season. It attained
tropical storm status on September 8 and further intensified into a hurricane the next day. After turning north, Iniki struck the island of
Kauaʻi on September 11 at peak intensity; it had winds of 145 mph and reached Category 4 status on the
Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale. It had recorded wind gusts of 225 as evidenced by an
anemometer that was found blown into the forest during clean up. It was the first hurricane to hit the state since
Hurricane Iwa in the
1982 season, and the first major hurricane since
Hurricane Dot in 1959. Iniki dissipated on September 13 about halfway between Hawaii and Alaska.
Iniki caused around $3.1 billion (1992 USD) in damage and six deaths, making it the costliest
on record in the state, and the second-costliest
on record. At the time, Iniki was among the costliest United States hurricanes. The storm struck just weeks after
, the costliest tropical cyclone ever at the time, struck
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'Ōlelo (Language) -
This section is here to highlight some of the most common words of the Hawaiian Language, ʻŌlelo, that are used in everyday conversation amongst locals.
Happy, glad, joyful
Some common uses:
Hauʻoli Makahiki Hou, Happy New Year; Hauʻoli lā hānau, happy birthday
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Oahu (), known as
"The Gathering Place", is the third-largest of the
Hawaiian Islands. It is home to roughly one million people—about two-thirds of the population of the
U.S. state of
Hawaii. The state capital,
Honolulu, is on Oʻahu's southeast coast. Including small associated islands such as
Ford Island and the islands in
Kāneʻohe Bay and off the eastern (
windward) coast, its area is 596.7 square miles (1,545.4 km2), making it the
20th-largest island in the United States.
Oʻahu is 44 miles (71 km) long and 30 miles (48 km) across. Its shoreline is 227 miles (365 km) long. The island is composed of two separate
, with a broad valley or saddle (the central Oʻahu Plain) between them. The highest point is
in the Waiʻanae Range, rising to 4,003 feet (1,220 m) above sea level.
Did you know? -
- ... that
George Naʻope was designated a "Living Golden Treasure" by the state of Hawaii?
"Hawaii has always been a very pivotal role in the Pacific. It is in the Pacific. It is a part of the United States that is an island that is right here." —
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