The Hawaii Portal
[həˈvɐjʔi]) is a
state of the
United States of America located in the
Pacific Ocean. It is the only U.S. state located outside
North America and the only island state.
The state encompasses nearly the entire
Hawaiian archipelago, 137 islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). The volcanic
ethnologically part of the
Polynesian subregion of
Oceania. At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are, in order from northwest to southeast:
Maui, and the largest,
Hawaiʻi, which the state is named after. It is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaii Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago.
Hawaii is the
8th-smallest geographically and the
11th-least populous, but the
13th-most densely populated of the 50 states. It is the only state with an
plurality. Hawaii has more than 1.4 million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. The state capital and largest city is
Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu. The state's ocean coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long, the
fourth longest in the U.S., after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida, and California. Hawaii is the most recent state to join the union, on August 21, 1959. It was an independent nation until 1898.
Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by
North American and
East Asian cultures, in addition to its
indigenous Hawaiian culture.
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Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (roughly ) is a
World Heritage listed
U.S. National Monument encompassing 583,000 square miles (1,510,000 km2) of ocean waters, including ten islands and atolls of the
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Created in June 2006 with 140,000 square miles (360,000 km2), it was expanded in August 2016 by moving its border to the limit of the
exclusive economic zone, making it one of the
world's largest protected areas. It is internationally known for its cultural and natural values as follows:
"The area has deep cosmological and traditional significance for living
Native Hawaiian culture, as an ancestral environment, as an embodiment of the
Hawaiian concept of kinship between people and the natural world, and as the place where it is believed that life originates and to where the spirits return after death. On two of the islands,
Makumanamana, there are archaeological remains relating to pre-European settlement and use. Much of the monument is made up of
pelagic and deepwater habitats, with notable features such as
seamounts and submerged banks, extensive
coral reefs and
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'Ōlelo (Language) -
This section is here to highlight some of the most common words of the Hawaiian Language, ʻŌlelo, that are used in everyday conversation amongst locals.
A common usage:
Mahalo nui loa, Thanks very much
Note: It is often misconstrued among malihini that mahalo means rubbish/trash because most rubbish cans have the word mahalo on them.
Did you know? -
"How would you like to stand like a god before the crest of a monster billow, always rushing to the bottom of a hill and never reaching its base, and to come rushing in for a half mile at express speed, in graceful attitude, until you reach the beach and step easily from the wave?" —
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