List of states and territories of the United States by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Resident population of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia,
and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States census
Average annual population growth rate in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia,
and Puerto Rico between 2010 and 2020 according to the U.S. Census Bureau

The states and territories included in the United States Census Bureau's statistics for the United States (population, ethnicity, religion, and most other categories) include the 50 states and the District of Columbia ( Washington, D.C.). Separate statistics are maintained for the five permanently inhabited but unincorporated territories of the United States ( Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands) . [1]

Method

The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents and non-citizen long-term visitors. [2] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state. [3]

Electoral apportionment

House of Representatives

Based on data from each decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives (although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one House seat regardless of population). This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to the combined population of the fifty states (not including the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, or the United States Virgin Islands).

Electoral College

The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States based on the popular vote in each state and the District of Columbia. Each state's number of votes in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States Congress. [4]

The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia (D.C.), which is not part of any state, three Electoral College votes. More precisely, D.C. gets as many Electoral College votes as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that D.C. can have no more votes than the least populous state (currently, Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since D.C. would only be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives if it were a state; it is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the U.S. Constitution guarantees every state at least one member of the U.S. House of Representatives and two members of the U.S. Senate, it effectively guarantees every state (as well as, since the ratification of the Twenty-third Amendment to the Constitution, D.C.) at least three Electoral College votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (100 senators, plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia). [4] Territories of the United States such as Puerto Rico are not included in the Electoral College: people in those territories cannot vote for the President of the United States. [5]

State and territory rankings

Rank State or territory
Census population
[6] [a]
Change,
2010–2020
[6] [b]
Est. pop.
per electoral
vote, 2020 [c]
Census pop. per seat
% of the total U.S. pop. [d]
% of Electoral
College
Current 2010
April 1, 2020
April 1, 2010
%
Absolute Seats % 2020 2010
Est. 2020
2010
Change,
2010–2020
1 1   California 39,538,223 37,253,956 6.1% 2,284,267 52 11.95% 715,783 761,091 702,905 11.80% 11.91% –0.11% 10.04%
2 2   Texas 29,145,505 25,145,561 15.9% 3,999,944 38 8.74% 772,652 767,981 698,488 8.70% 8.04% 0.66% 7.43%
3 4   Florida 21,538,187 18,801,310 14.6% 2,736,877 28 6.44% 749,425 770,376 696,345 6.43% 6.01% 0.42% 5.58%
4 3   New York 20,201,249 19,378,102 4.2% 823,147 26 5.98% 666,785 777,529 717,707 6.03% 6.19% –0.17% 5.20%
5 6   Pennsylvania 13,011,844 12,702,379 2.4% 309,465 17 3.91% 639,163 765,403 705,688 3.88% 4.06% –0.18% 3.53%
6 5   Illinois 12,812,508 12,830,632 -0.1% -18,124 17 3.91% 629,377 754,279 712,813 3.82% 4.10% –0.28% 3.53%
7 7   Ohio 11,799,448 11,536,504 2.3% 262,944 15 3.45% 649,623 787,257 721,032 3.52% 3.69% –0.17% 3.16%
8 9   Georgia 10,711,908 9,687,653 10.6% 1,024,255 14 3.22% 669,376 766,091 691,975 3.20% 3.10% 0.10% 2.97%
9 10   North Carolina 10,439,388 9,535,483 9.5% 903,905 14 3.22% 706,722 746,711 733,499 3.12% 3.05% 0.07% 2.97%
10 8   Michigan 10,077,331 9,883,640 2.0% 193,691 13 2.99% 622,910 775,726 705,974 3.01% 3.16% –0.15% 2.79%
11 11   New Jersey 9,288,994 8,791,894 5.7% 497,100 12 2.76% 634,455 774,541 732,658 2.77% 2.81% –0.04% 2.60%
12 12   Virginia 8,631,393 8,001,024 7.9% 630,369 11 2.53% 660,813 786,777 727,366 2.8% 2.56% 0.02% 2.42%
13 13   Washington 7,705,281 6,724,540 14.6% 980,741 10 2.30% 641,134 771,595 672,454 2.30% 2.15% 0.15% 2.23%
14 16   Arizona 7,151,502 6,392,017 11.9% 759,485 9 2.07% 674,673 795,436 710,224 2.13% 2.04% 0.09% 2.04%
15 14   Massachusetts 7,029,917 6,547,629 7.4% 482,288 9 2.07% 626,689 781,497 727,514 2.10% 2.09% 0.00% 2.04%
16 17   Tennessee 6,910,840 6,346,105 8.9% 564,735 9 2.07% 626,076 768,544 705,123 2.06% 2.03% 0.03% 2.04%
17 15   Indiana 6,785,528 6,483,802 4.7% 301,726 9 2.07% 614,087 754,476 720,422 2.02% 2.07% –0.05% 2.04%
18 19   Maryland 6,177,224 5,773,552 7.0% 403,672 8 1.84% 615,155 773,160 748,616 1.84% 1.85% –0.00% 1.86%
19 18   Missouri 6,154,913 5,988,927 2.8% 165,986 8 1.84% 605,580 770,035 721,694 1.84% 1.91% –0.08% 1.86%
20 20   Wisconsin 5,893,718 5,686,986 3.6% 206,732 8 1.84% 583,266 737,184 710,873 1.76% 1.82% –0.06% 1.86%
21 22   Colorado 5,773,714 5,029,196 14.8% 744,518 8 1.84% 645,302 722,771 718,457 1.72% 1.61% 0.12% 1.86%
22 21   Minnesota 5,706,494 5,303,925 7.6% 402,569 8 1.84% 565,734 713,719 662,991 1.70% 1.70% 0.01% 1.86%
23 24   South Carolina 5,118,425 4,625,364 10.7% 493,061 7 1.61% 579,782 732,102 660,766 1.53% 1.48% 0.05% 1.67%
24 23   Alabama 5,024,279 4,779,736 5.1% 244,543 7 1.61% 546,837 718,579 682,819 1.50% 1.53% –0.03% 1.67%
25 25   Louisiana 4,657,757 4,533,372 2.7% 124,385 6 1.38% 580,665 776,911 755,562 1.39% 1.45% –0.06% 1.49%
26 26   Kentucky 4,505,836 4,339,367 3.8% 166,469 6 1.38% 559,656 751,557 723,228 1.35% 1.39% –0.04% 1.49%
27 27   Oregon 4,237,256 3,831,074 10.6% 406,182 6 1.38% 605,930 706,917 766,215 1.26% 1.22% 0.04% 1.49%
28 28   Oklahoma 3,959,353 3,751,351 5.5% 208,002 5 1.15% 568,683 792,703 750,270 1.18% 1.20% –0.02% 1.30%
29 30   Connecticut 3,605,944 3,574,097 0.9% 31,847 5 1.15% 508,144 721,660 714,819 1.08% 1.14% –0.07% 1.30%
30 29   Puerto Rico 3,285,874 3,725,789 –‍11.8% –439,915 1* 3,193,694 3,725,789 0.98% 1.19% –0.21%
31 35   Utah 3,271,616 2,763,885 18.4% 507,731 4 0.92% 541,647 818,813 690,971 0.98% 0.88% 0.09% 1.12%
32 31   Iowa 3,190,369 3,046,355 4.7% 144,014 4 0.92% 527,260 798,102 761,589 0.95% 0.97% –0.02% 1.12%
33 36   Nevada 3,104,614 2,700,551 15.0% 404,063 4 0.92% 523,043 777,116 675,138 0.93% 0.86% 0.06% 1.12%
34 33   Arkansas 3,011,524 2,915,918 3.3% 95,606 4 0.92% 505,087 753,439 728,980 0.90% 0.93% –0.03% 1.12%
35 32   Mississippi 2,961,279 2,967,297 -0.2% -6,018 4 0.92% 494,464 740,979 741,824 0.88% 0.95% –0.06% 1.12%
36 34   Kansas 2,937,880 2,853,118 3.0% 84,762 4 0.92% 485,634 735,216 713,280 0.88% 0.91% –0.04% 1.12%
37 37   New Mexico 2,117,522 2,059,179 2.8% 58,343 3 0.69% 421,264 706,740 686,393 0.63% 0.66% –0.03% 0.93%
38 39   Nebraska 1,961,504 1,826,341 7.4% 135,163 3 0.69% 387,510 654,444 608,780 0.59% 0.58% 0.00% 0.93%
39 40   Idaho 1,839,106 1,567,582 17.3% 271,524 2 0.46% 456,728 920,689 783,791 0.55% 0.50% 0.05% 0.74%
40 38   West Virginia 1,793,716 1,852,994 -3.2% -59,278 2 0.46% 356,957 897,523 617,665 0.54% 0.59% –0.06% 0.74%
41 41   Hawaii 1,455,271 1,360,301 7.0% 94,970 2 0.46% 351,752 730,069 680,151 0.44% 0.43% 0.00% 0.74%
42 43   New Hampshire 1,377,529 1,316,470 4.6% 61,059 2 0.46% 341,569 689,545 658,235 0.41% 0.42% –0.01% 0.74%
43 42   Maine 1,362,359 1,328,361 2.6% 33,998 2 0.46% 337,535 681,791 664,181 0.41% 0.42% –0.02% 0.74%
44 44   Rhode Island 1,097,379 1,052,567 4.3% 44,812 2 0.46% 264,281 549,082 526,284 0.33% 0.34% –0.01% 0.74%
45 45   Montana 1,084,225 989,415 9.6% 94,810 2 0.46% 360,192 542,704 989,415 0.32% 0.32% 0.01% 0.74%
46 46   Delaware 989,948 897,934 10.2% 92,014 1 0.23% 328,936 990,837 897,934 0.30% 0.29% 0.01% 0.56%
47 47   South Dakota 886,667 814,180 8.9% 72,487 1 0.23% 297,572 887,770 814,180 0.26% 0.26% 0.00% 0.56%
48 49   North Dakota 779,094 672,591 15.8% 106,503 1 0.23% 255,103 779,702 672,591 0.23% 0.21% 0.02% 0.56%
49 48   Alaska 733,391 710,231 3.3% 23,160 1 0.23% 243,719 736,081 710,231 0.22% 0.23% –0.01% 0.56%
50 51   District of Columbia 689,545 601,723 14.6% 87,822 1* 237,605 0.21% 0.19% 0.01% 0.56%
51 50   Vermont 643,077 625,741 2.8% 17,336 1 0.23% 207,782 643,503 625,741 0.19% 0.20% –0.01% 0.56%
52 52   Wyoming 576,851 563,626 2.3% 13,225 1 0.23% 194,109 577,719 563,626 0.17% 0.18% –0.01% 0.56%
53 53   Guam 168,485 [7] 159,358 [8] 5.7% +9,127 1* 0.05% 0.05% –0.00%
54 54   U.S. Virgin Islands 106,235 [9] 106,405 [10] –0.2% –170 1* 0.03% 0.03% –0.00%
55 56   Northern Mariana Islands 51,433 [11] 53,883 [12] –4.5% –2,450 1* 0.02% 0.02% –0.00%
56 55   American Samoa 49,437 [13] 55,519 [14] –11.0% –6,082 1* 0.01% 0.02% –0.00%
Contiguous United States 328,571,074 306,675,006 7.5% +22,896,068 432 99.31% 616,471 757,745 709,896 98.04% 98.03% 0.23% 98.70%
The fifty states 330,759,736 308,143,815 7.3% +22,615,921 435 614,526 755,796 708,377 98.70% 98.50% 0.21% 99.44%
The fifty states and D.C. 331,449,281 308,745,538 7.4% +22,703,743 435 (+1*) 612,424 98.91% 98.69% 0.22% 100.00%
Total United States 335,110,745 312,846,492 7.1% +22,264,253 435 (+6*)

* — non-voting member of the House of Representatives.

  1. ^ Resident population only; does not include overseas population
  2. ^ Resident population only; does not include overseas population
  3. ^ Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to its number of senators (two) and representatives in the Congress, while D.C. is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  4. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and District of Columbia
Region totals – 4 regions (2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. territories
50 states + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/federal district/territory/
division/region
Rank 2020
population
Rank 2010
population
Rank 2000
population
Rank 2010–
2020
change
Geographic
sort
  Massachusetts 15 7,029,917 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 21 7.4% NEng
  Connecticut 29 3,605,944 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 47 0.9% NEng
  New Hampshire 41 1,377,529 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 30 4.6% NEng
  Maine 42 1,362,359 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 42 2.6% NEng
  Rhode Island 43 1,097,379 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 31 4.3% NEng
  Vermont 49 643,077 49 625,741 49 608,827 40 2.8% NEng
        New England 9 15,116,205 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 4.6% NEast
  New York 4 20,201,249 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 32 4.2% MAtl
  Pennsylvania 5 13,002,700 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 43 2.4% MAtl
  New Jersey 11 9,288,994 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 25 5.7% MAtl
        Mid-Atlantic 4 42,492,943 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 4.0% NEast
        Northeast 4 57,609,148 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 3 4.1% USA
  Florida 3 21,538,187 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 14.6% SAtl
  Georgia 8 10,711,908 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 12 10.6% SAtl
  North Carolina 9 10,439,388 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 15 9.5% SAtl
  Virginia 12 8,631,393 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 18 7.9% SAtl
  Maryland 18 6,177,224 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 22 7.0% SAtl
  South Carolina 23 5,118,425 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 10.7% SAtl
  West Virginia 39 1,793,716 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 50 -3.2% SAtl
  Delaware 45 989,948 45 897,934 45 783,600 13 10.2% SAtl
  District of Columbia 689,545 601,723 572,059 14.6% SAtl
        South Atlantic 1 66,089,734 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 10.6% South
  Tennessee 16 6,910,840 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 17 8.9% ESC
  Alabama 24 5,024,279 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 5.1% ESC
  Kentucky 26 4,505,836 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 33 3.8% ESC
  Mississippi 34 2,961,279 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 49 -0.2% ESC
        East South Central 8 19,402,234 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 6 5.3% South
  Texas 2 29,145,505 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 3 15.9% WSC
  Louisiana 25 4,657,757 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 41 2.7% WSC
  Oklahoma 28 3,959,353 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 26 5.5% WSC
  Arkansas 33 3,011,524 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 35 3.3% WSC
        West South Central 5 40,774,139 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 12.2% South
        South 1 126,266,107 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 10.2% USA
  Illinois 6 12,812,508 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 48 -0.1% ENC
  Ohio 7 11,799,448 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 45 2.3% ENC
  Michigan 10 10,077,331 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 46 2.0% ENC
  Indiana 17 6,785,528 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 29 4.7% ENC
  Wisconsin 20 5,893,718 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 3.6% ENC
        East North Central 3 47,368,533 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.0% MWest
  Missouri 19 6,154,913 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 39 2.8% WNC
  Minnesota 22 5,706,494 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 19 7.6% WNC
  Iowa 31 3,190,369 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 28 4.7% WNC
  Kansas 35 2,937,880 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 37 3.0% WNC
  Nebraska 37 1,961,504 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 20 7.4% WNC
  South Dakota 46 886,667 46 814,180 46 754,844 16 8.9% WNC
  North Dakota 47 779,094 48 672,591 47 642,200 4 15.8% WNC
        West North Central 7 21,616,921 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 5 5.4% MWest
        Midwest 3 68,985,454 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 4 3.1% USA
  Arizona 14 7,151,502 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 9 11.9% Mtn
  Colorado 21 5,773,714 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 6 14.8% Mtn
  Utah 30 3,271,616 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 1 18.4% Mtn
  Nevada 32 3,104,614 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 5 15.0% Mtn
  New Mexico 36 2,117,522 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 38 2.8% Mtn
  Idaho 38 1,839,106 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 2 17.3% Mtn
  Montana 44 1,084,225 44 989,415 44 902,195 14 9.6% Mtn
  Wyoming 50 576,851 50 563,626 50 493,782 44 2.3% Mtn
        Mountain 6 24,919,150 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 12.9% West
  California 1 39,538,223 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 24 6.1% Pac
  Washington 13 7,705,281 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 7 14.6% Pac
  Oregon 27 4,237,256 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 11 10.6% Pac
  Hawaii 40 1,455,271 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 23 7.0% Pac
  Alaska 48 733,391 47 710,231 48 626,932 36 3.3% Pac
        Pacific 2 53,669,422 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 7.6% West
        West 2 78,588,572 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 9.2% USA
  50 states and District of Columbia 331,449,281 308,745,538 281,421,906 7.4% NAmer
  Puerto Rico 1 3,285,874 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -11.8% Terr.
  Guam 2 [note 1] 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
  American Samoa 4 [note 1] 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
  Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
        Total Territories [note 1] 4,100,954 4,198,539 -2.3% USA

[15]

  1. ^ a b c d e There are no yearly annual population estimates for American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands between decennial censuses. The 2020 U.S. Census, completed during 2021, will report their populations.

See also

References

General
  • "National Totals: Vintage 2015". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  • "2010Census Tables". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  • "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Brief". U. S. Census Bureau. November 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  • "2009 Census estimates". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1995, U.S. Census Bureau, Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific
  1. ^ Geographic Terms and Concepts - Island Areas of the United States, U.S. Census Bureau, archived from the original on December 10, 2016, retrieved March 19, 2019
  2. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[ permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[ permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  5. ^ http://www.gao.gov/archive/1998/og98005.pdf "U.S. Insular Areas: application of the U.S. Constitution" (PDF). U.S. General Accounting Office Report. November 1997. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Change in Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: 1910 to 2020" (PDF). Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  7. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. Guam. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  9. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  11. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. Northern Mariana Islands. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved March 2, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  13. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. American Samoa. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  15. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.

External links