List of U.S. states and territories by poverty rate

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Map of poverty rate in the United States in 2014. Note that this map does not show more recent 2017 data.
Legend:
Map of estimated poverty rates in the United States by county, 2008. Legend:

This article is a list of U.S. states, federal district, and territories, ordered by poverty rate. 2014 statistics are not identical to official poverty rates because they include children not counted in the official numbers (see Revised Tables link below). Supplemental Poverty Measure takes into account differences in cost of living between states (i.e. housing costs appreciably higher/lower than the national average) as well as taxes and the value of government assistance programs. All data are from the United States Census Bureau.

In 2017—2018, the lowest poverty rate was in New Hampshire, and the highest poverty rate was in American Samoa (the highest poverty rate among the states was in Mississippi).

Data for three U.S. territories ( Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) is from American FactFinder (the U.S. Census Bureau); data for Puerto Rico is from the U.S. Census Bureau's "QuickFacts". [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] Data for American Samoa is from a 2017 report. [6]

States, federal district, and territories

The states and territories are ranked by 2018 data (2018 American Community Survey 1-year estimates) of the percent of people in poverty in each state and territory. [7] [note 1]

Rank State 2018 Poverty rate
(percent of
persons in poverty) [note 2] [7]
2014 Poverty Rates
(includes unrelated children)
Supplemental Poverty Measure (2010–2014 average)
(Geographically Adjusted)
- United States 11.8% [8] 16.0% [9] [10]
1   New Hampshire 7.6% 9.5% 15.5%
2   Hawaii 8.8% 12.6% 17.3%
3   Maryland 9.0% 9.6% 10.1%
4   Utah 9.0% 9.8% 11.6%
5   New Jersey 9.5% 13.7% 13.9% [11] [12]
6   Colorado 9.6% 12.4% 13.7%
7   Minnesota 9.6% 12.1% 9.7%
8   Massachusetts 10.0% 10.9% 13.8%
9   Washington 10.3% 11.9% 12.2%
10   Connecticut 10.4% 10.6% 12.5% [13] [14] [15]
11   North Dakota 10.7% 11.0% 9.2%
12   Virginia 10.7% 10.8% 13.3%
13   Alaska 10.9% 12.1% 12.5%
14   Nebraska 11.0% 10.0% 9.8% [16] [17]
15   Vermont 11.0% 9.7% 13.4% [18]
16   Wisconsin 11.0% 11.1% 10.8%
17   Wyoming 11.1% 9.3% 9.3%
18   Iowa 11.2% 10.9% 8.6%
19   Maine 11.6% 11.6% 11.2%
20   Idaho 11.8% 13.9% 11.8%
21   Kansas 12.0% 13.9% 11.5%%
22   Illinois 12.1% 13.3% 15.2
23   Pennsylvania 12.2% 11.2% 12.6%
24   Delaware 12.5% 12.4% 13.9%
25   Oregon 12.6% 7.11% 10.3%
26   California 12.8% 15.5% 23.8%
27   Nevada 12.9% 13.1% 19.8%
28   Rhode Island 12.9% 13.2% 13.6%
29   Montana 13.0% 13.5% 12.1%
30   South Dakota 13.1% 14.3% 10.6%
31   Indiana 13.1% 16.4% 14.2%
32   Missouri 13.2% 15.6% 12.4%
33   Florida 13.6% 14.6% 19.5% [19]
34   New York 13.6% 15.9% 18.1% [20]
35   Ohio 13.9% 13.5% 13.2%
36   North Carolina 14.0% 17.0% 14.2%
37   Arizona 14.0% 21.3% 18.8%
38   Michigan 14.1% 27.6% 13.5%
39 Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 14.3% 18.5% 18.2%
40   Texas 14.9% 17.4% 16.4%
41   Tennessee 15.3% 16.7% 15.5%
42   South Carolina 15.3% 13.8% 15.8%
43   Oklahoma 15.6% 13.0% 13.4%
44   District of Columbia 16.2% 18.0% 22.7% [21]
45   Alabama 16.8% 16.8% 13.5%
46   Kentucky 16.9% 17.1% 13.6%
47   Arkansas 17.2% 19.1% 16.5%
48   West Virginia 17.8% 16.0% 12.9%
49   Louisiana 18.6% 14.3% 18.5% [22]
50   New Mexico 19.5% 19.6% 16.1%
51   Mississippi 19.7% 23.2% 16.1% [23]
52   Puerto Rico 43.1%
53   American Samoa [6] [note 3] 65.0%

2010 data

Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands are data deficient (because they are not included in the American Community Survey), and no recent poverty rate estimates have been made for them. Below are the poverty rates for these territories in 2010.

Rank Territory 2010
Poverty rate
  U.S. Virgin Islands 22.4%
  Guam 22.9%
  Northern Mariana Islands 52.3%

Notes

  1. ^ In the table below, data for the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico is from 2018 (American Community Survey estimates). Data for American Samoa is from a 2017 statement by the governor of American Samoa. [6]
  2. ^ 2018 data for the 50 states, D.C., and Puerto Rico (2018 American Community Survey estimates); 2017 data for American Samoa.
  3. ^ In 2009, the poverty rate in American Samoa was 57.8%. [5] In 2017 the governor of American Samoa said that the poverty rate in American Samoa was 65%. [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_VISF_PBG76&prodType=table Archived 2020-02-14 at Archive.today Census.gov. American Factfinder. U.S. Virgin Islands. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  2. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_GUSF_PBG82&prodType=table Archived 2020-02-14 at Archive.today Census.gov. American Factfinder. Guam. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/PR Census.gov. Quick Facts. Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  4. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_MPSF_PBG82&prodType=table Archived 2020-02-14 at Archive.today Census.gov. American Factfinder. Northern Mariana Islands. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  5. ^ a b https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_ASSF_PBG82&prodType=table Archived 2020-02-14 at Archive.today Census.gov. American Factfinder. American Samoa. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d http://www.pireport.org/articles/2017/03/02/american-samoa-governor-says-small-economies-cannot-afford-any-reduction Pireport.org. American Samoa Governor Says Small Economies 'Cannot Afford Any Reduction In Medicaid. Fili Sagapolutele. 03/02/2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/US U.S. Census. QuickFacts. (Replace the "US" in the URL with the state abbreviation, such as AL for Alabama, to see each state's data.) Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  8. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045218 U.S. Census. Quick Facts — United States. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  9. ^ "Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2014". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates - Interactive Data and Mapping - U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  12. ^ [1][ dead link]
  13. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  14. ^ "Connecticut 2015 Report". Talkpoverty.org. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  15. ^ [2][ dead link]
  16. ^ [3][ dead link]
  17. ^ "The Supplemental Poverty Measure : 2013" (PDF). Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  23. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.

External links