List of U.S. states and territories by life expectancy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Left: Map of U.S. states and territories by life expectancy in 2018. Right: Life Expectancy by county in 2018 (excluding counties in the U.S. territories) an interactive version can be found at [1]

This article presents a list of United States states and territories sorted by their life expectancy at birth, by sex, and in the past. The data in the 2018 column is taken from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for the states and the District of Columbia; [1] from the World Bank for Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; and from the CIA World Factbook for American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands. [2] Data in the 2010 columns comes from the US Health Map. Overall, life expectancy at birth in Hawaii, California, and New York (state) are among the longest in the nation, while life expectancy at birth in Mississippi, American Samoa, and West Virginia are among the shortest in the nation.

The life expectancy in some states has fallen in recent years; for example, Maine's life expectancy in 2010 was 79.1 years, and in 2018 it was 78.7 years. The Washington Post noted in November 2018 that overall life expectancy in the United States was declining although in 2018 life expectancy had a slight increase of 0.1 and bringing it to having not changed since 2010. [3] An Interactive county life expectancy map can be found at [2]




Life Expectancy in 2018

Rank State/Territory Life Expectancy 2018 [4] Life Expectancy 2010 [5] Change 2010-2018 Male Life Expectancy [5] Female Life Expectancy [5]
1.   Hawaii 82.29 81.16 Increase 1.13 79.56 85.08
2.   California 81.58 80.34 Increase 1.24 79.37 83.72
3.   New York 81.27 79.99 Increase 1.28 79.01 83.39
4.   Minnesota 80.94 80.70 Increase 0.24 78.89 82.94
5.   Connecticut 80.87 80.46 Increase 0.41 78.71 82.88
6.   Massachusetts 80.51 80.24 Increase 0.27 78.22 82.63
7   Colorado 80.50 80.02 Increase 0.48 78.48 82.50
8.   New Jersey 80.43 79.71 Increase 0.72 78.22 82.48
9.   Washington 80.41 79.81 Increase 0.60 78.39 82.42
10.   Florida 80.04 79.04 Increase 1.00 77.46 82.60
11.   Rhode Island 79.92 79.58 Increase 0.34 77.60 82.08
12.   Arizona 79.90 79.30 Increase 0.60 77.55 82.30
13.   North Dakota 79.88 79.85 Increase 0.03 77.62 82.51
13.   Utah 79.88 79.94 Decrease 0.06 78.18 81.58
-   Guam [2] 79.86 77.94 Increase 1.92 76.61 [2] 83.36 [2]
15.   Oregon 79.83 79.30 Increase 0.53 77.76 81.87
-   Puerto Rico [2] 79.78 78.41 Increase 1.37 76.35 [2] 83.38 [2]
16.   Vermont 79.68 79.96 Decrease 0.28 77.74 81.58
17.   Nebraska 79.61 79.54 Increase 0.07 77.40 81.70
-   U.S. Virgin Islands [2] 79.57 77.97 Increase 1.60 76.30 [2] 83.00 [2]
18.   New Hampshire 79.52 80.12 Decrease 0.60 77.52 81.46
19.   Virginia 79.48 78.88 Increase 0.60 77.38 81.49
20.   Wisconsin 79.45 79.64 Decrease 0.19 77.31 81.56
21.   Iowa 79.41 79.67 Decrease 0.26 77.20 81.59
22.   Idaho 79.32 79.40 Decrease 0.08 77.42 81.25
23.   Illinois 79.25 78.87 Increase 0.38 76.92 81.48
24.   Maryland 79.14 78.79 Increase 0.35 76.76 81.37
25.   Texas 79.09 78.32 Increase 0.77 76.77 81.39
26.   South Dakota 79.05 79.36 Decrease 0.31 76.65 81.52
27.   Wyoming 79.00 78.49 Increase 0.51 77.06 81.06
28.   Montana 78.83 78.76 Increase 0.07 76.80 80.93
29.   Alaska 78.77 78.24 Increase 0.53 76.69 81.12
-   United States 78.70 [6] 78.70 [7] Steady 76.20 [6] 81.20 [6]
30.   Maine 78.68 79.16 Decrease 0.48 76.53 80.80
31.   District of Columbia 78.59 76.19 Increase 2.40 75.77 81.21
32.   Kansas 78.52 78.72 Decrease 0.20 76.29 80.75
33.   Nevada 78.51 77.74 Increase 0.77 75.97 80.99
34.   Delaware 78.43 78.32 Increase 0.10 76.16 80.59
35.   Pennsylvania 78.30 78.59 Decrease 0.29 75.86 80.67
36.   New Mexico 78.07 78.34 Decrease 0.27 75.36 80.84
37.   North Carolina 78.05 77.66 Increase 0.39 75.61 80.41
38.   Michigan 78.04 78.18 Decrease 0.14 75.88 80.25
39. Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.77 77.08 Increase 0.69 75.38 80.05
40.   Missouri 77.29 77.62 Decrease 0.33 74.83 79.72
41.   Indiana 77.04 77.70 Decrease 0.66 74.67 79.38
42.   South Carolina 77.01 76.66 Increase 0.35 74.40 79.56
43.   Ohio 76.93 77.94 Decrease 1.01 74.62 79.17
-   Northern Mariana Islands [8] 76.10 [8] 76.41 [9] Decrease 0.31 73.60 [8] 79.30 [8]
44.   Louisiana 76.07 75.75 Increase 0.32 73.33 78.81
45.   Tennessee 75.99 76.32 Decrease 0.33 73.35 78.60
46.   Oklahoma 75.97 76.12 Decrease 0.15 73.60 78.37
47.   Arkansas 75.93 76.21 Decrease 0.28 73.28 78.62
48.   Alabama 75.42 75.58 Decrease 0.16 72.68 78.12
49.   Kentucky 75.41 75.90 Decrease 0.88 72.86 77.97
50.   Mississippi 74.89 74.95 Decrease 0.06 71.88 77.91
-   American Samoa [8] 74.80 [8] 71.57 [9] Increase 3.23 73.00 [8] 77.00 [8]
51.   West Virginia 74.79 76.07 Decrease 1.27 72.35 77.32

Past Life Expectancy 1960-2018

State/Territory 2018 [1] 2010 [10] 2000 [10] 1990 [10] 1980 [10] 1970 [10] 1960 [10] Change

1960-2018

  United States [7] 78.7 78.7 76.8 75.4 73.7 70.8 69.7 Increase 9.0
  Alabama 75.4 75.4 74.4 73.7 72.3 69.2 67.9 Increase 7.5
  Alaska 78.8 78.0 76.2 75.0 72.4 69.2 67.2 Increase 11.6
  American Samoa [9] 74.8 71.6 71.4 70.9 70.2 69.3 67.0 Increase 7.8
  Arizona 79.9 79.3 77.1 76.2 74.2 70.9 69.3 Increase 10.6
  Arkansas 75.9 76.0 74.8 74.4 73.3 70.8 69.9 Increase 6.0
  California 81.6 80.6 78.1 75.8 74.3 71.8 70.8 Increase 10.8
  Colorado 80.5 80.1 78.4 77.2 75.4 72.1 70.9 Increase 9.6
  Connecticut 80.9 80.7 78.3 77.1 74.9 72.6 71.1 Increase 9.8
  Delaware 78.4 78.3 76.4 75.0 73.2 69.9 69.1 Increase 9.3
  District of Columbia [5] 78.6 76.2 72.4 69.1 68.2 65.9 62.0 Increase 16.6
  Florida 80.0 79.0 77.0 75.7 73.8 70.8 69.9 Increase 10.1
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.8 77.3 75.1 73.8 72.1 68.4 67.5 Increase 10.3
  Guam [2] 79.9 77.0 75.0 71.9 69.3 65.7 61.0 Increase 18.9
  Hawaii 82.3 81.4 79.5 78.2 77.1 74.0 71.3 Increase 11.0
  Idaho 79.3 79.4 78.1 77.2 75.2 72.0 71.4 Increase 7.9
  Illinois 79.3 79.0 76.6 74.9 73.3 70.1 69.6 Increase 9.7
  Indiana 77.0 77.5 76.0 75.4 73.9 70.9 70.3 Increase 6.7
  Iowa 79.4 79.6 78.3 77.5 75.8 72.6 71.9 Increase 7.5
  Kansas 78.5 78.6 77.4 77.0 75.2 72.8 71.9 Increase 6.6
  Kentucky 75.4 75.9 75.1 74.4 72.8 70.0 69.6 Increase 5.8
  Louisiana 76.1 75.8 74.1 73.1 71.6 68.7 67.9 Increase 8.2
  Maine 78.7 79.1 77.6 76.6 74.4 70.7 70.2 Increase 8.5
  Maryland 79.1 79.0 76.2 74.9 73.3 70.2 68.6 Increase 10.5
  Massachusetts 80.5 80.5 78.2 76.8 74.8 71.9 70.5 Increase 10.0
  Michigan 78.0 78.0 76.4 75.1 73.7 70.7 70.2 Increase 7.8
  Minnesota 80.9 80.8 79.0 77.8 76.1 73.0 71.8 Increase 9.1
  Mississippi 74.9 74.8 73.4 73.1 71.8 68.4 67.6 Increase 7.3
  Missouri 77.3 77.4 76.0 75.3 73.6 70.6 70.2 Increase 7.1
  Montana 78.8 78.5 77.3 76.4 73.8 70.8 69.6 Increase 9.2
  Nebraska 79.6 79.7 78.3 76.9 75.4 72.5 72.0 Increase 7.6
  Nevada 78.5 77.8 75.9 74.5 72.6 69.3 67.6 Increase 10.9
  New Hampshire 79.5 80.3 78.5 77.0 75.1 71.6 70.7 Increase 8.8
  New Jersey 80.4 80.0 77.3 75.4 73.8 71.0 69.9 Increase 10.5
  New Mexico 78.1 78.2 77.1 76.0 73.8 70.5 69.3 Increase 8.8
  New York 81.3 80.3 77.6 74.6 73.4 70.5 69.7 Increase 11.6
  North Carolina 78.0 77.8 75.6 74.7 73.0 69.3 68.2 Increase 9.8
  North Dakota 79.9 79.7 78.8 77.5 75.6 73.0 71.5 Increase 8.4
  Northern Mariana Islands [9] 76.1 76.4 75.8 74.3 73.6 71.4 69.3 Increase 6.8
  Ohio 76.9 77.7 76.3 75.3 73.3 70.8 70.2 Increase 6.7
  Oklahoma 76.0 75.7 75.0 75.0 73.6 71.1 70.8 Increase 5.2
  Oregon 79.8 79.5 77.8 76.5 74.9 72.4 71.0 Increase 8.8
  Pennsylvania 78.3 78.5 76.7 75.4 73.3 70.4 69.5 Increase 8.8
  Puerto Rico [2] 79.8 78.4 76.7 74.2 73.7 71.5 68.7 Increase 11.1
  Rhode Island 79.9 79.5 78.0 76.4 74.6 71.7 70.6 Increase 9.3
  South Carolina 77.0 76.8 74.7 73.6 71.8 68.1 66.1 Increase 10.9
  South Dakota 79.1 79.3 78.0 77.1 74.8 72.3 70.5 Increase 8.6
  Tennessee 76.0 76.2 74.7 74.2 73.1 70.0 69.4 Increase 6.6
  Texas 79.1 78.4 76.5 75.2 73.6 70.8 70.2 Increase 8.9
  Utah 79.9 79.8 78.6 78.0 75.8 72.8 71.8 Increase 8.1
  U.S. Virgin Islands [2] 79.6 78.0 76.6 74.2 71.7 69.1 66.2 Increase 13.4
  Vermont 79.7 80.1 78.2 76.7 74.3 71.9 70.4 Increase 9.3
  Virginia 79.5 79.1 76.8 75.3 73.3 70.2 68.7 Increase 10.8
  Washington 80.4 80.1 78.2 76.8 75.0 71.9 71.1 Increase 9.3
  West Virginia 74.8 75.5 74.9 74.4 72.6 69.2 69.6 Increase 5.2
  Wisconsin 79.4 79.6 78.0 76.9 75.3 72.5 71.1 Increase 8.3
  Wyoming 79.0 78.1 77.1 76.4 73.8 70.8 69.2 Increase 9.8

Life Expectancy By Race in 2018

State All Races [1] White [1] Hispanic/Latino [1] Black/African American [1] Asian And

Pacific Islander [1]

American Indian

and Alaska Native [1]

  United States [7] 78.7 78.6 81.9 75.0 86.3 77.4
  Alabama 75.4 76.0 79.1 72.9 80.2 78.7
  Alaska 78.8 80.0 80.9 79.0 87.1 70.5
  Arizona 79.9 80.0 81.0 76.8 87.0 71.8
  Arkansas 75.9 76.0 79.2 72.8 80.6 78.4
  California 81.6 80.7 83.6 76.0 87.6 75.7
  Colorado 80.5 80.6 81.0 77.2 87.9 74.2
  Connecticut 80.9 80.6 82.9 78.0 87.2 83.6
  Delaware 78.4 78.5 81.3 75.2 85.7 83.1
  District of Columbia 78.6 87.5 87.8 72.6 89.5 98.5
  Florida 80.0 79.9 82.1 76.1 86.1 81.6
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 77.8 78.0 81.3 75.5 85.2 80.8
  Hawaii 82.3 81.3 87.9 80.9 83.7 81.9
  Idaho 79.3 79.1 83.1 81.3 84.9 74.6
  Illinois 79.3 79.1 82.9 73.9 85.3 83.0
  Indiana 77.0 76.8 82.0 73.2 85.1 81.2
  Iowa 79.4 79.3 81.8 74.8 86.6 80.1
  Kansas 78.5 78.2 81.5 73.8 84.2 79.1
  Kentucky 75.4 75.5 79.6 72.9 80.2 78.9
  Louisiana 76.1 77.1 80.9 73.1 81.1 80.5
  Maine 78.7 78.6 82.1 80.9 85.9 83.8
  Maryland 79.1 80.0 81.9 75.3 87.3 83.7
  Massachusetts 80.5 80.2 82.1 78.8 86.1 84.1
  Michigan 78.0 78.0 80.9 73.5 86.0 79.8
  Minnesota 80.9 81.0 83.4 79.3 86.8 69.9
  Mississippi 74.9 76.0 79.3 72.6 80.8 79.2
  Missouri 77.3 77.5 81.9 73.6 84.6 81.0
  Montana 78.8 79.3 82.1 81.9 86.1 69.5
  Nebraska 79.6 79.6 82.1 73.9 86.3 71.1
  Nevada 78.5 76.8 80.7 76.3 84.1 74.9
  New Hampshire 79.5 79.3 83.5 80.8 87.6 84.4
  New Jersey 80.4 80.2 82.7 74.8 87.2 84.1
  New Mexico 78.1 78.7 78.6 74.8 81.8 73.9
  New York 81.3 81.0 82.4 78.0 87.4 83.7
  North Carolina 78.0 78.5 81.8 75.0 84.3 76.8
  North Dakota 79.9 80.1 85.1 82.1 88.3 69.7
  Ohio 76.9 77.1 81.1 73.0 85.9 80.6
  Oklahoma 76.0 76.1 80.9 72.9 81.0 73.6
  Oregon 79.8 79.5 84.0 77.5 86.4 76.9
  Pennsylvania 78.3 78.3 82.2 73.2 86.9 82.2
  Rhode Island 79.9 79.7 83.9 73.6 86.4 84.0
  South Carolina 77.0 78.0 81.4 73.6 83.1 80.9
  South Dakota 79.1 80.0 82.7 81.2 85.2 67.8
  Tennessee 76.0 76.1 80.7 72.7 82.6 80.4
  Texas 79.1 78.5 81.3 74.2 85.1 81.8
  Utah 79.9 79.6 81.9 80.2 84.3 74.3
  Vermont 79.7 79.6 83.1 81.1 87.2 85.0
  Virginia 79.5 79.7 84.7 74.5 86.0 82.3
  Washington 80.4 80.1 81.7 78.0 84.3 74.0
  West Virginia 74.8 74.8 79.7 72.2 79.8 79.0
  Wisconsin 79.4 79.4 83.3 73.4 85.8 71.7
  Wyoming 79.0 79.0 81.8 80.2 85.2 72.9


Life Expectancy in the United States 1900-2018 by the CDC

Discrepancies

In the U.S. Territories, the life expectancy values given by the various sources are not the same. The table below shows values from 2017-2018 given by several organizations for these territories.

State/Territory World Bank (2018) [2] United Nations (2018) [11] CIA World Factbook
(2018) [8]
IHME (2017) [9]
  American Samoa - - 74.8 71.83
  Guam 79.859 79.77 77.0 73.3
  Northern Mariana Islands - - 76.1 76.20
  Puerto Rico 79.778 79.85 81.3 78.2
  U.S. Virgin Islands 79.568 80.31 79.8 74.4

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Robert Wood Johnson Foundation".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "World Bank".
  3. ^ "U.S. life expectancy declines again, a dismal trend not seen since World War I - The Washington Post".
  4. ^ "RWJF Life Expectancy Calculator".
  5. ^ a b c d "United States health map".
  6. ^ a b c "Mortality 2018" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b c "CDC Mortality Trends".
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "CIA world factbook".
  9. ^ a b c d e "IHME Country Profiles".
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Journal of the American Medical Association" (PDF).
  11. ^ "United Nations".