Los Angeles Fire Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Los Angeles Fire Department
Seal of the Los Angeles Fire Department.png
Seal of the LAFD
Patch of the Los Angeles Fire Department.png
"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"
Operational area
Country United States
State  California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Agency overview [1] [2]
EstablishedFebruary 1, 1886
Annual calls492,717 (2018)
Employees3,574 (2014)
Annual budget$691,000,000 (2019)
StaffingCareer
Fire chiefRalph Terrazas
EMS levelALS & BLS
IAFF112
Facilities and equipment [3] [4]
Divisions4
Battalions14
Stations106
Engines140
Trucks43
Squads4
Rescues1
Ambulances94 ALS, 54 BLS, 6 AP
Tenders2
HAZMAT4
USAR6
Airport crash9
Wildland6 - Type 3 15 - Type 6
Bulldozers2
Helicopters6
Fireboats5
Website
Official website
IAFF website

The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD or LA City Fire) provides emergency medical services, fire cause determination, fire prevention, fire suppression, hazardous materials mitigation, and rescue services to the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. [5] The LAFD is responsible for approximately 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square miles (1,220 km2) jurisdiction. [6] The Los Angeles Fire Department was founded in 1886 and is one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. The department may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department or "LA City Fire" to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which serves the county and whose name may directly confuse people, as the county seat is the city. Another possible reason is that the city and the unincorporated County are often bordering each other and thus the two appear to be serving the same area. The department is currently under the command of chief Ralph Terrazas.

History

LAFD on the scene of a fire in the Bradbury Building, Downtown Los Angeles in 1947.

The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871. [7] [8] [9] In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded. [10]

Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company. [10]

Los Angeles acquired its first " hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881. [10]

In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3." [10]

All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence. [10]

In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921. [11]

By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses. [11] The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing civilians to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source. [12] In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department. [13]

Since 1978 LAFD has provided emergency medical and fire suppression services to the city of San Fernando by contract . [14]

Types of apparatus

The department utilizes a wide array of apparatus and equipment. these are most but not all of the apparatus.

Triple Combination Engines

LAFD Engine Co. 11 responding to an emergency call.

The triple combination Fire Engine or “TRIPLE” (as it is commonly called) is the most common type of firefighting apparatus in Los Angeles. The term “triple combination” refers to the apparatus having three components; water tank, high capacity water pump, and hose. The triple can be found as a one-piece engine company or as two engines assigned to a Task Force station. The “Triples” used by the LAFD have a direct drive, dual centrifuge main pump rated at 1500 GPM at 150 psi with a 10 foot lift through a 6 inch suction. These apparatus carry a combination of all of the following sizes of hose; 4″, 2 1/2″, 1 3/4″, 1 1/2″ and 1″. The standard hose load is 750' of 4", 750' of 2 1/2" with a 325GPM nozzle, 400' of 1 3/4" with a 200 GPM nozzle, 400' of 1 1/2" with a 125 GPM nozzle and 500' of 1" with a dual gallonage 10/40 GPM nozzle. The water tank carrying capacity of all LAFD engines is 500 gallons. All frontline engines are equipped with a 30 gallon Class A foam injection system with the exception of Engine 51 at LAX that carries Class B foam in the onboard system. These apparatus are staffed by four members, including a Captain who is the company commander, an Engineer responsible for driving, maintaining and operating the pump, and two firefighters. A number of triples in the LAFD are also Paramedic assessment companies – meaning they include a Firefighter/Paramedic as part of the crew.

Light Forces and Task Forces

LAFD on the scene of a Major Emergency Structure Fire

The LAFD uses the concept of Light Forces and Task Forces which can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company. [15]

A Light Force is composed of a Pump Engine (200 Series, for example Engine 201 or Engine 301 for 100 stations) and a Ladder Truck. [16] Light forces will almost always respond together as one unit or resource. [15]

A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource" when responding to incidents on its own. [16] A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Engine (Pump), and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Engine (Pump)is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Light Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Engine (Pump) is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force. [15]

Rescue Ambulances

Rescue Ambulance 11 responding to a call near MacArthur Park

Rescue Ambulances (RAs), often called 'rescues' for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Ambulances number 1-112 are frontline ALS staffed by 2 firefighter / paramedics, while those in the 200 series are ALS reserves. [17] Ambulances in the 800s are BLS staffed by 2 firefighter EMTs, while those in the 900s are BLS reserves. [17]

Helicopters

LAFD Bell 412 Helicopter

The Air Operations division of the LAFD operates out of Fire Station 114 at Van Nuys Airport. The division has six helicopters available for both aerial firefighting and air medical services. [18]FIRE 1, FIRE 2, FIRE 3, FIRE 4, and FIRE 5 are all AgustaWestland AW139s. [19] [20] [21] [22] The final helicopter, FIRE 6, is a Bell 206B. [23]

Fireboats

LAFD Fireboat 2, the Warner Lawrence

The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures. [24] Fireboat 1, Fireboat 3 and Fireboat 5 are identical 39-foot (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top speed of 29 knots (33 mph; 54 km/h) while fully loaded. [25] They are equipped with a 2,400 US gal/min (9,100 L/min) pump and a 1,000 US gal/min (3,800 L/min) deluge gun. [25] They also have a 50-US-gallon (190 L) firefighting foam capacity.

Fireboat 4, also known as the Bethel F. Gifford, was commissioned in 1962 and is the oldest of the fleet. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gal/min (34,000 L/min) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. [26] It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability. [26]

The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat 2, also known as the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (140,000 L/min) up to 400 feet (120 m) in the air. [27] Boat 2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons. [28]

USAR Task Force 1

The Los Angeles Fire Department is the founding member of one of California's eight FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces. [29] California Task Force 1 (CA-TF1) is available to respond to natural or man-made disasters around the county and world and assist with search and rescue, medical support, damage assessment and communications. [30]

Stations and apparatus

Engine 59 at the scene of a structure fire
LAFD Firefighters battling a house fire

The LAFD is divided into four operations divisions, now called bureaus: The Central Bureau, West Bureau, and South Bureau (formerly South Division), and the Valley Bureau (formerly North Division). Each bureau is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who in turn commands several battalions with the Central and West bureau having 3 Battalions while the South Bureau has 4 Battalions, with the valley bureau having 5 Battalions, with each battalion led by a battalion chief. [31] The Los Angeles Fire Department currently operates 106 Fire Stations, organized into 14 Battalions.

The central bureau comprises 3 battalions and approximately 21 fire stations with its headquarters station 3. [32] The west and South bureaus are similar, the valley Bureau is the exception comprising 5 battalions. [32] Below is a list of the apparatus and stations of the LAFD. [33] The valley bureau has battalions 10, 12, 14, 15 and 17. [34] The west bureau has battalions 4, 5 and 9. [35] The central bureau has battalions 1, 2, and 11. [36] The south bureau has battalions 6, 13 and 18. [37]

Note that stations with both a truck and a 200 series engine (pump) will usually respond the two apparatus together as a lightforce. So, for example, Truck 1 and Engine 201 will often respond together as Light Force 1. [16] The only full time exception is Fire Station 9 where Engine 209 is fully staffed. Truck 9 responds as a single company when appropriate. During "Augmented Staffing" (red-flag brush fire weather, or other increased threat days) the 200 series engines can be fully staffed as a 4 member Engine Company. Each company can then either be dispatched individually or as a "Task Force".

400 series Engines are ready reserve apparatus. These apparatus are full loaded with equipment and hose. They are used either for short term relief IE when a frontline apparatus is shut down for repair or maintenance. 400 series Engines are also staffed as needed during "High Hazard" days or other augmented staffing times.

The LAFD has six Type 3 wildland Engines. Five are property of the State of California OES but are staffed as needed and maintained by the LAFD. Together these 5 Engines form Strike Team 1880C. [38] Engine 482C is housed at Fire Station 82 and is a ready reserve Type 3 wildland Engine.

Fire
Station
Neighborhood(s) Engine
Company
Light Force or
Truck Company
EMS Unit Command Unit Special Unit Bureau Battalion
1 Lincoln Heights Engine 1 Light Force 1 Rescue Ambulance 1
Rescue Ambulance 801
Central 2
2 Boyle Heights Engine 2 Light Force 2 Rescue Ambulance 2 Central 1
3 Civic Center
& Bunker Hill
Engine 3 Light Force 3 Rescue Ambulance 3
Rescue Ambulance 803
Command 3
Command 22
EMS 25
USAR 3
USAR Tender 3
Heavy Rescue 3
Central 1
4 Chinatown Engine 4 Rescue Ambulance 4
Rescue Ambulance 804
Advanced Provider 4
Sober Unit 4
Battalion 1
EMS 1
Command 2
Central 1
5 Westchester Engine 5 Light Force 5 Rescue Ambulance 5 Battalion 4
EMS 4
USAR 5
Swift Water Rescue 5
West 4
6 Angeleno Heights Engine 6 Rescue Ambulance 6
Rescue Ambulance 806
Central 11
7 Arleta Engine 7 Rescue Ambulance 7
Advanced Provider 7
Engine 475 Valley 12
8 Porter Ranch Engine 8 Brush Patrol 8 Valley 15
9 Skid Row Engine 9
Engine 209
Truck 9 Rescue Ambulance 9
Rescue Ambulance 209
Rescue Ambulance 809
Rescue Ambulance 900 (night time)
Fast Response 9 Central 1
10 Convention Center Engine 10 Light Force 10 Rescue Ambulance 10
Rescue Ambulance 810
Central 1
11 Westlake
& MacArthur Park
Engine 11 Light Force 11 Rescue Ambulance 11
Rescue Ambulance 811
Central 11
12 Highland Park Engine 12 Light Force 12 Rescue Ambulance 12 Central 2
13 Pico-Union Engine 13 Rescue Ambulance 13
Rescue Ambulance 813
Battalion 11
EMS 11
Central 11
14 Newton Engine 14 Rescue Ambulance 14
Rescue Ambulance 814
Central 1
15 USC/Exposition Park Engine 15 Light Force 15 Rescue Ambulance 15
Rescue Ambulance 815
Alternate Destination 15
South 13
16 South El Sereno Engine 16 Central 2
17 Industrial Eastside Engine 17 Rescue Ambulance 17 Engine 417 Central 1
18 Knollwood Engine 18 Rescue Ambulance 18 Valley 15
19 Brentwood Engine 19 Rescue Ambulance 19 Brush Patrol 19 West 9
20 Echo Park Engine 20 Light Force 20 Rescue Ambulance 20 Central 11
21 South Los Angeles Engine 21 Light Force 21 Rescue Ambulance 21 Squad 21 South 13
23 Palisades Highlands Engine 23 Rescue Ambulance 23 Brush Patrol 23 West 9
24 Sunland Engine 24 Engine 474 Valley 12
25 Boyle Heights Engine 25 Rescue Ambulance 25 Central 1
26 West Adams Engine 26 Light Force 26 Rescue Ambulance 26
Rescue Ambulance 826
Central 11
27 Hollywood Engine 27 Light Force 27 Rescue Ambulance 27
Rescue Ambulance 827
Battalion 5 USAR 27 West 5
28 Porter Ranch Engine 28 Rescue Ambulance 828 Brush Patrol 28 Valley 15
29 Hancock Park Engine 29 Light Force 29 Rescue Ambulance 29
Rescue Ambulance 829
Central 11
33 South Central Engine 33 Light Force 33 Rescue Ambulance 33
Rescue Ambulance 833
Battalion 13 South 13
34 Crenshaw & Leimert Park Engine 34 Rescue Ambulance 34
Rescue Ambulance 834
South 18
35 Los Feliz Engine 35 Light Force 35 Rescue Ambulance 35
Rescue Ambulance 835
OES Engine 8136C West 5
36 San Pedro Engine 36 Rescue Ambulance 36 Foam Tender 36 South 6
37 Westwood
UCLA
Engine 37 Light Force 37 Rescue Ambulance 37
Rescue Ambulance 837
Battalion 9 West 9
38 Wilmington Engine 38 Light Force 38 Rescue Ambulance 38 South 6
39 Van Nuys Engine 39 Light Force 39 Rescue Ambulance 39
Rescue Ambulance 839
Battalion 10 Valley 10
40 Terminal Island Engine 40 Rehab/Air Tender South 6
41 Hollywood Hills Engine 41 Rescue Ambulance 41 Brush Patrol 41 West 5
42 Eagle Rock Engine 42 Central 2
43 Palms Engine 43 Rescue Ambulance 43 Engine 443 South 18
44 Cypress Park Engine 44 Rescue Ambulance 844 EMS 2 Brush Patrol 44
Swift Water Rescue 44
Central 2
46 Coliseum Area Engine 46 Rescue Ambulance 46
Rescue Ambulance 246
Rescue Ambulance 846
South 13
47 El Sereno Engine 47 Rescue Ambulance 47 Brush Patrol 47
Engine 447
Central 2
48 San Pedro Engine 48 Light Force 48 Rescue Ambulance 848 Squad 48 South 6
49 East Harbor Engine 49 Battalion 6 Fireboat 3
Fireboat 4
South 6
50 Atwater Village Light Force 50 Rescue Ambulance 850 Engine 450 Central 2
51 LAX Engine 51
Reserve Engine 51
Rescue Ambulance 51 West 4
52 Hollywood Engine 52 Rescue Ambulance 52 EMS 5 West 5
55 Eagle Rock Engine 55 Rescue Ambulance 55 Battalion 2 Central 2
56 Silver Lake Engine 56 Rescue Ambulance 56 West 5
57 South Central Engine 57 Rescue Ambulance 57
Rescue Ambulance 257
Rescue Ambulance 857
South 13
58 Pico-Robertson Engine 58 Rescue Ambulance 58
Rescue Ambulance 858
Advanced Provider 58
Engine 458 South 18
59 West Los Angeles Engine 59 Rescue Ambulance 59 EMS 9 Rehab/Air Tender 59
Hydration Unit 59
West 9
60 North Hollywood Engine 60 Light Force 60 Rescue Ambulance 60
Rescue Ambulance 860
Battalion 14 Valley 14
61 Fairfax Engine 61 Light Force 61 Rescue Ambulance 61
Rescue Ambulance 861
EMS 18 South 18
62 Mar Vista Engine 62 Rescue Ambulance 62
Rescue Ambulance 862
Engine 462 West 4
63 Venice Engine 63 Light Force 63 Rescue Ambulance 63 West 4
64 South Los Angeles Engine 64 Light Force 64 Rescue Ambulance 64
Rescue Ambulance 264
Rescue Ambulance 864
Advanced Provider 65
Fast Response 64 South 13
65 Watts Engine 65 Rescue Ambulance 65
Rescue Ambulance 865
Advanced Provider 65
EMS 13 South 13
66 South Los Angeles Engine 66 Light Force 66 Rescue Ambulance 66
Rescue Ambulance 266
Rescue Ambulance 866
South 13
67 Playa Vista Engine 67 Rescue Ambulance 867 West 4
68 Mid-City Engine 68 Rescue Ambulance 68
Rescue Ambulance 868
Battalion 18 South 18
69 Pacific Palisades Engine 69 Light Force 69 Rescue Ambulance 69 West 9
70 Northridge Engine 70 Rescue Ambulance 70 Battalion 15
EMS 15
Valley 15
71 Bel Air Engine 71 Rescue Ambulance 71 West 9
72 Canoga Park Engine 72 Rescue Ambulance 72
Rescue Ambulance 872
Engine 472 Valley 17
73 Reseda Engine 73 Light Force 73 Rescue Ambulance 73
Rescue Ambulance 873
Valley 17
74 Sunland-Tujunga Light Force 74 Rescue Ambulance 74
Rescue Ambulance 874
Brush Patrol 74 Valley 12
75 Mission Hills Engine 75 Light Force 75 Rescue Ambulance 75
Rescue Ambulance 875
Valley 12
76 Cahuenga Pass Engine 76 Rescue Ambulance 76 West 5
77 Sun Valley Engine 77 Rescue Ambulance 77 EMS 12 Water Tender 77 Valley 12
78 Studio City Light Force 78 Rescue Ambulance 78
Rescue Ambulance 878
Brush Patrol 78 Valley 14
79 Harbor Gateway Engine 79 Rescue Ambulance 79 South 6
80 LAX ARFF 1
ARFF 2
ARFF 3
ARFF 4
ARFF 5
ARFF 6
ARFF 7
Stair 80
West 4
81 Panorama City Engine 81 Rescue Ambulance 81
Rescue Ambulance 881
Engine 481 Valley 10
82 Hollywood Engine 82 Rescue Ambulance 82
Rescue Ambulance 882
Advanced Provider 82
Brush Patrol 82
Engine 482
Engine 482C
West 5
83 Encino Engine 83 Rescue Ambulance 83
Rescue Ambulance 883
Rehab/Air Tender 83
Brush Patrol 83
Valley 10
84 Woodland Hills Engine 84 Rescue Ambulance 84 Battalion 17
EMS 17
Brush Patrol 84
Crew 3
Engine 473
Valley 17
85 Harbor City Engine 85 Light Force 85 Rescue Ambulance 85
Rescue Ambulance 885
USAR 85 South 6
86 Toluca Lake Engine 86 Rescue Ambulance 86 EMS 14 Swift Water Rescue 86 Valley 14
87 Granada Hills Engine 87 Light Force 87 Rescue Ambulance 87
Rescue Ambulance 887
Squad 87
OES Engine 8137C
Valley 15
88 Sherman Oaks Engine 88 Light Force 88 Rescue Ambulance 88 Command 42 Water Tender 88
USAR 88
Swift Water Rescue 88
OES Engine 8140C
Valley 10
89 North Hollywood Engine 89 Light Force 89 Rescue Ambulance 89
Rescue Ambulance 889
USAR 89
Engine 489
OES Engine 8139C
PB1880C
Valley 14
90 Van Nuys Airport Engine 90
Engine 290
Light Force 90 Rescue Ambulance 90
Rescue Ambulance 890
Valley 10
91 Sylmar Engine 91 Rescue Ambulance 91
Rescue Ambulance 891
Fast Response 91 Valley 12
92 Century City Light Force 92 Rescue Ambulance 92
Rescue Ambulance 892
Engine 492 West 9
93 Tarzana Engine 93 Light Force 93 Rescue Ambulance 93 Valley 17
94 Crenshaw/Baldwin Hills Engine 94 Light Force 94 Rescue Ambulance 94
Rescue Ambulance 894
Hazmat Tender 94 South 18
95 LAX Engine 95 Light Force 95 Rescue Ambulance 95 Squad 95 West 4
96 Chatsworth Light Force 96 Rescue Ambulance 96
Rescue Ambulance 896
Engine 496 Valley 15
97 Laurel Canyon Engine 97 Rescue Ambulance 97 Hose Carrier 97 Valley 14
98 Pacoima Engine 98 Light Force 98 Rescue Ambulance 98
Rescue Ambulance 898
Battalion 12 OES Engine 8138C Valley 12
99 Beverly Glen Engine 99 Rescue Ambulance 99 Brush Patrol 99 Valley 10
100 Lake Balboa Engine 100 Rescue Ambulance 100 EMS 10 Foam Tender 100 Valley 10
101 San Pedro Engine 101 Rescue Ambulance 101 South 6
102 Valley Glen Engine 102 Rescue Ambulance 102 Valley 14
103 CSU Northridge Engine 103 Rescue Ambulance 903 Valley 15
104 Winnetka Engine 104 Rescue Ambulance 104 Valley 17
105 Woodland Hills Engine 105 Light Force 105 Rescue Ambulance 105 Valley 17
106 West Hills Engine 106 Rescue Ambulance 106 Valley 17
107 Chatsworth Engine 107 Rescue Ambulance 107 Valley 15
108 Franklin Canyon Park Engine 108 Valley 14
109 Encino Engine 109 Rescue Ambulance 909 Brush Patrol 109 Valley 10
110 Fort MacArthur Fireboat 5 South 6
111 Port of Los Angeles Fireboat 1 South 6
112 Port of Los Angeles Engine 112 Rescue Ambulance 112 EMS 6 Fireboat 2 South 6
114 Van Nuys Airport Crash 114
Foam 114
FIRE 1-6
Helicopter Tender 1
Helicopter Tender 2
Valley 10

In pop culture

The LAFD has been featured in many TV shows and movies. Sometimes the LAFD or LAFD equipment is just seen in the background.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Budget 2014-2015" (PDF). City of Los Angeles. p. 18. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Fire Chief". Los Angeles Fire Department.
  3. ^ "Stations & Addresses" (PDF). CERT-LA.
  4. ^ "Apparatus". California Firefighters. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Welcome to the Los Angeles Fire Department". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  6. ^ "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  7. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  8. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  9. ^ "The Origins of the LAFD". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  10. ^ a b c d e "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  11. ^ a b "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  12. ^ "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  13. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (January 13, 1955). "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet. 7 (10). Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  14. ^ http://ens.lacity.org/lafd/lafdreportarchv/lafdlafdreport1864112802_06142017.pdf
  15. ^ a b c "Apparatus". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  16. ^ a b c "Deployment Plan" (PDF). The South Robertson Neighborhoods Council. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  17. ^ a b "EMS Resources". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  18. ^ "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  19. ^ "N302FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  20. ^ "N303FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  21. ^ "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  22. ^ "N304FD". FAA. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  23. ^ "N306FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  24. ^ "Fire Stations". Port of Los Angeles. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Fireboats 1, 3 & 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Fireboat 4". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  27. ^ "Fireboat 2". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  28. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
  29. ^ "Task Force Locations". FEMA. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  30. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department Urban Search and Rescue" (PDF). Fire Watch. 2 (3). March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  31. ^ "Emergency Operations". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  32. ^ a b "LAFD Station Map" (PDF). CERT LA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Stations". The Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  34. ^ "Valley Bureau". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  35. ^ "West Bureau". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  36. ^ "Central Bureau". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  37. ^ "South Bureau". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  38. ^ https://www.lafd.org/news/lafd-takes-delivery-new-wildland-fire-engines-california-office-emergency-services

External links


Latitude and Longitude:

34°3′0″N 118°15′0″W / 34.05000°N 118.25000°W / 34.05000; -118.25000