Los Angeles Public Library

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Los Angeles Public Library
South entrance at Hope Street
CountryUnited States
Location630 West 5th Street
Los Angeles, California
Access and use
Circulation18 million
Population served
4,030,904 (city)

18,783,638 (metro)

Other information
DirectorJohn F. Szabo (Fall 2012)
Website www.lapl.org
Los Angeles Central Library
Los Angeles Public Library is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Los Angeles Public Library
Location in Los Angeles
Los Angeles Public Library is located in California
Los Angeles Public Library
Location in California
Los Angeles Public Library is located in the United States
Los Angeles Public Library
Location in United States
Location630 W. 5th St., Los Angeles, California
Coordinates 34°03′01″N 118°15′18″W / 34.05028°N 118.25500°W / 34.05028; -118.25500 (Los Angeles Central Library)
Latitude and Longitude:

34°03′01″N 118°15′18″W / 34.05028°N 118.25500°W / 34.05028; -118.25500 (Los Angeles Central Library)
Arealess than one acre
Built1925 (1925)
Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue
Architectural styleInternational Style, Mexican Late Baroque
NRHP reference  No. 70000136 [1]
LAHCM  No.46
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 18, 1970
Designated LAHCMMarch 1, 1967 [2]
References: [3] [4]

The Los Angeles Public Library system (LAPL) serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. The system holds more than six million volumes, [5] and with over 18 million residents in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, it serves the largest population of any publicly funded library system in the United States. [6] The system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles in staggered terms in accordance with the city charter. [7]

Circulation and services

Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, zines, periodicals, computer access, and audiovisual materials are available to patrons. Books, magazines, and audiobooks are loaned for three weeks. Music cassettes, music CDs, documentary videos, and documentary DVDs are loaned for one week. Entertainment videos and entertainment DVDs are loaned for four days. Fines are charged only if materials are returned late. There is a loan limit of 10 books, 10 magazines, and 4 DVDs or videos at one time up to maximum of 30 items on the patron's record. Items checked out from Los Angeles Public Library may be returned to any of its 72 branches or to the Central Library. Most items may be renewed a maximum of two times. Entertainment DVDs and videos may be renewed one time.

The Los Angeles Public Library has many community support organizations which work with the library to raise funds and sponsor programs to enhance library service throughout the community. The Library's Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location. There is also an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, and language learning tools. The Central Library at 630 West 5th Street, between Grand Avenue and Flower Street in Downtown Los Angeles, remains an important research library, despite the development of accessible databases and public access to the Internet.

The library also offers an online program that allows adult patrons who have not completed high school to earn their high school diploma. [8]


The Los Angeles Library Association was formed in late 1872, and by early 1873, a well-stocked reading room had opened under the first librarian, John Littlefield. [9] Aggressive expansion and growth of the system began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a large network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library sometime prior to 1970.

The original library consisted of two rooms. The larger room was called the “Book Room,” and the smaller room was called the “Conversation Room,” which contained newspapers, tables, chairs, and spittoons for the chess and checkers players who gathered there. [10]

Women were not initially involved in the conception and development of the Los Angeles Library Association. Mrs. John Downey was given an honorary membership out of “courtesy,” but otherwise, no women were listed in the association’s founding documents, women were not represented on the board, and women were denied access to the library’s reading room. However, this changed in 1876 when the association decided to implement a “Ladies Room.” While this new room did not offer any books, it did provide a number of magazines and comfortable sofa and chairs for local clubwomen to use. [10]

After Mary Foy was appointed as the first head woman librarian in 1880, her appointment was viewed as an act of charity by Mayor Toberman, who may have thought Foy to be in need of a job. Joanne Passet even postited that Foy’s nomination, and librarian nominations in general, were seen as “an honorable means of assisting needy men and women in the community.” This notion was mostly confirmed when Foy was replaced by Jessie Gavitt, whose economic need was deemed greater than Foy’s by the board. [10]

There was further speculation as to why the board decided on appointing Foy as the first head woman librarian. It may have been a political choice since she represented values that flourished in women’s organizations, aiming to please the city’s powerful women’s clubs who may have been applying pressure. It’s also suggested that Foy’s nomination was a financial move; John Littlefield earned a salary of $100 while Mary Foy earned $75, which included janitorial work. [10]

City Librarians

  • 1873 to 1879: John Littlefield
  • 1879 to 1880: Patrick Connolly
  • 1880 to 1884: Mary Foy
  • 1884 to 1889 : Jessie Gavitt
  • 1889 to 1889: Lydia Prescott
  • 1889 to 1895 : Tessa Kelso
  • 1895 to 1897: Clara Bell Fowler
  • 1897 to 1900: Harriet Child Wadleigh
  • 1900 to 1905: Mary Letitia Jones
  • 1905 to 1910: Charles Fletcher Lummis
  • 1910 to 1911: Purd Wright
  • 1911 to 1933: Everett Robbins Perry
  • 1933 to 1947: Althea Warren
  • 1947 to 1969: Harold Hamill
  • 1969 to 1990: Wyman Jones
  • 1990 to 1994: Elizabeth Martinez
  • 1995 to 2004: Susan Goldberg Kent
  • 2004 to 2008: Fontaine Holmes
  • 2009 to 2012: Martin Gomez
  • 2012 to present: John Szabo [11]

Mary Jones, who was appointed Librarian in 1905, was fired by the library board in favour of Charles Fletcher Lummis. This provoked 'The Great Library War'. Women in Los Angeles petitioned and marched in support of Jones but she was finally forced out; she took up a position as head of the library at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. [12] [13]

Central Library

Cornerstone of original building, laid in 1925
Los Angeles Central Library at Flower Street

The historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark. [14] The Central Library was designed by the architect, Bertram Goodhue. [15] The Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings. Originally named the Central Library, the building was first renamed in honor of the longtime president of the Board of Library Commissioners and President of the University of Southern California, Rufus B. von KleinSmid. The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley. [16] The complex (i.e., the original Goodhue building and the Bradley wing) was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library.


The Los Angeles Public Library received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, the nation's highest honor given to museums and libraries for service to the community. [17] City Librarian John F. Szabo and community member Sergio Sanchez accepted the award on behalf of the library from First Lady Michelle Obama during a White House Ceremony on May 20, 2015.

The Los Angeles Public Library was selected for its success in meeting the needs of Angelenos and providing a level of social, educational, and cultural services unmatched by any other public institution in the city. The award recognizes the library's programs that help people on their path to citizenship, earn their high school diploma, manage personal finances and access health and well-being services and resources. [18]


A portion of the four-part mural by illustrator Dean Cornwell depicted the stages of the history of California at the Los Angeles Central Library.

Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue designed the original Los Angeles Central Library with influences of ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival architecture. The central tower is topped with a tiled mosaic pyramid with suns on the sides with a hand holding a torch representing the "Light of Learning" at the apex. Other elements include sphinxes, snakes, and celestial mosaics. It has sculptural elements by the preeminent American architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie, similar to the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, Nebraska, also designed by Goodhue. The interior of the library is decorated with various figures, statues, chandeliers, and grilles, notably a four-part mural by illustrator Dean Cornwell depicting stages of the History of California which was completed around 1933. [19] The building is a designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, and is on the National Register of Historic Places.


The Central Library was extensively renovated and expanded in a Modernist/ Beaux-Arts architecture, according to Norman Pfeiffer, the principal architect of the renovation by Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates from 1988 through 1993. It included an enormous, eight-story atrium wing dedicated to former mayor Tom Bradley. Now, the library contains an area of 538,000 square feet (50,000 m2), and has nearly 89 miles of shelves and seating for over 1,400 people. [20]

Access needs

The building's limited access had caused a number of problems. Generally, the accessible public stacks in the reading rooms only displayed about 10 to 20 percent of the actual collections of the Central Library. For anything else, a patron had to submit a request slip and a clerk would retrieve the desired material from the internal stacks. The internal stacks, contained in two concrete structures joined by a catwalk, were packed very tightly and had very little headroom. For example, while the normal reading rooms had ceilings of anywhere from 10 to 15 feet, the internal stack areas were many shelves of about six-foot height, stacked internally, so that while the public access area was about two floors plus the Science and Technology alcove, the internal stacks were approximately five or six floors. To fix this would have required substantial renovation, a cost the city was not willing to cover, especially after hours of operation were cut in response to the 1978 property tax reduction measure Proposition 13.

Arson Catalyst

Plaque honoring those fighting the arson fire of 1986

The catalyst for the renovation was a devastating arson fire that began in the stacks on April 29, 1986. [21] [22] Although the building was safely evacuated, its vintage construction precluded the ventilation of heat and smoke, and limited firefighter access. It took firefighters over seven hours to extinguish the fire and little fires continued to sprout for several days. [23] Some 400,000 volumes—20 percent of the library's holdings—were destroyed, with significant water and smoke damage to 700,000 more. [22] [24] [25] The estimated cost for replacing the 400,000 works lost was over $14 million. [26] A second fire, on September 3 of the same year, destroyed the contents of the music department reading room.


As part of the rehabilitation plan, LAPL sold its air rights to developers, enabling the construction of the eponymous Library Tower across the street. The skyscraper was subsequently renamed the First Interstate World Center and later the U.S. Bank Tower. [27] Additional funds were raised through corporate and personal contributions which flowed from the effort of the "Save the Books" campaign formed by Mayor Tom Bradley.[ citation needed]

The campaign, co-chaired by Lodwrick Cook, then CEO of Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) had targeted a goal to raise $10 million through corporate and individual contributions ranging from schoolchildren's nickels and dimes to $50,000 contributions by Los Angeles businessman Marvin Davis and MCA Chairman Lew Wasserman. William Eugene "Gene" Scott, an LAPL neighbor and member of the 43 strong blue ribbon committee, donated the use of his University Network television studios and himself to what became a 48-hour telethon to raise $2 million towards the total objective.

The Library's renovation was completed in 1993. It included a large new underground parking facility, with a park designed by Lawrence Halprin over it. The Central Library reopened on October 3, 1993.

Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection

The Central Library houses and archives the extensive Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection of over 3 million historic photographs from varied sources and collection acquisitions. Many images can be viewed by the public via the online photo collection. [28] [29] The physical Photo Collection is an important resource for researchers, writers, curators, and educators. [30]


The Photo Collection's sources have included: the former Los Angeles Herald-Examiner newspaper photo morgue (2.2 million images); the Security Pacific Bank Collection (250,000); the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce image archives (60,000), Hollywood Citizen News/Valley Times Newspaper Collection (30,000), and the 'Turn of the century Los Angeles' collection (150,000).

Collection sources also include the portfolios by noted local and regional photographers, [31] such as: the Ralph Morris Archives (25,000) of the Los Angeles area from 1939 to the late 1970s; a collection of 1940s L.A. images taken and donated by Ansel Adams, [32] and the William Reagh Collection (40,000—800 online) of post-war Los Angeles to 1991. [33]

Shades of L.A.

The "Shades of L.A. Collection" is an archive of more than 10,000 images donated/duplicated from family photo albums (collected by former Photo Collection director Carolyn Kozo Cole) that expanded the archives to include the many diverse ethnic histories of people in the city, beyond the already well represented 'Anglo' population.

The project's success expanded to the California State Library creating the "Shades of California" collection to represent the state's diverse communities, using the LAPL methods and model. [30] The book "Shades of California: The Hidden Beauty of Ordinary Life" resulted from the successful statewide project. [34] Over a dozen California city and county library districts also created local Shades of California collections, such as Monterey, Riverside, and Humboldt County. [35]

Science, Technology & Patents Department

Located on Lower Level 2 of Central Library's Tom Bradley Wing, the Science, Technology & Patents Department's diverse collection covers agriculture, automobile repair, computers & computer science, cooking, construction (including building codes), consumer information, cosmetology, engineering, mathematics, medicine, nutrition, pets, psychiatry, UFOs, zoology, and more. [36]

In partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, the Science, Technology & Patents Department is a United States Patent & Trademark Resource Center, [37] offering resources to assist with patent and trademark research. The department holds a complete collection of all Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) publications including the complete Patent Gazette and Trademark Gazette issues from the opening of the PTO, and a complete set of registration books published by the United States Copyright Office starting from Volume 1. The patent collection also includes United Kingdom Old Law Patents 1617–1981 and United Kingdom New Law Applications 1979–1994.

Feathers map collection

In 2012 Glen Creason, the map librarian for the central library, was invited to the Mount Washington home of John Feathers, who had died at age 56 with no known relatives. According to Creason, the cottage contained approximately 100,000 maps and the library was delighted to accept their donation. "This dwarfs our collection," he said, "and we've been collecting for 100 years." The maps were stored on shelves, in boxes, in file cabinets, and even in the cabinet of an old stereo system with its electronics removed.[ citation needed]

Creason said it could take a year to catalog and organize the maps and 600 feet (180 m) of shelving would be needed, but the library would then have the fifth-largest map collection in the country. [38] The collection has been sorted and organized by volunteers C.J. Moon and Audrey Dalton.


Besides the Central Library in downtown Los Angeles, the system also operates 72 branch locations in the city's many neighborhoods. Eight of the larger branches are designated "regional branches":

No. Name Photograph Address Zip Code Phone Area Neighborhood Served Notes
01 Benjamin Franklin 2200 E. First St. 90033-3902 323-263-6901 Northeast Boyle Heights
02 Lincoln Heights Lincoln Heights Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 2530 Workman St. 90031-2322 323-226-1692 Northeast Lincoln Heights
03 Pío Pico-Koreatown (피오 피코 코리아타운 도서관) Pio Pico Koreatown Branch Library, Los Angeles.jpg 694 S. Oxford Ave. 90005-2872 213-368-7647 Hollywood Koreatown
04 Vernon 4504 S. Central Ave. 90011-3632 323-234-9106 Central Southern South Central
05 Arroyo Seco 6145 N. Figueroa St. 90042-3565 323-255-0537 Northeast Highland Park/ Garvanza Regional Branch
06 Exposition Park Lapl-branch-exposition-park.JPG 3900 S. Western Ave. 90062-1111 323-290-3113 Central Southern Exposition Park Regional Branch
07 Junipero Serra 4607 S. Main St. 90037-2735 323-234-1685 Central Southern South Park
08 Echo Park 1410 W. Temple St. 90026-5605 213-250-7808 Northeast Echo Park
09 San Pedro 931 S. Gaffey St. 90731-3606 310-548-7779 Central Southern San Pedro Regional Branch
10 Wilmington 1300 N. Avalon Blvd. 90744-2639 310-834-1082 Central Southern Wilmington
11 Goldwyn Hollywood 1623 Ivar Ave. 90028-6304 323-856-8260 Hollywood Hollywood Regional Branch
12 John C. Fremont 6121 Melrose Ave. 90038-3501 323-962-3521 Hollywood Hancock Park
13 Westchester-Loyola Village Wiki5982165395 d684e636f3 o.jpg 7114 W. Manchester Ave. 90045-3509 310-348-1096 Western Westchester
14 Vermont Square Vermont Square Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 1201 W. 48th St. 90037-2838 323-290-7405 Central Southern Vermont Square
15 Pacific Palisades Pacific Palisades Branch, Los Angeles Public Library.jpg 861 Alma Real Dr. 90272-3730 310-459-2754 Western Pacific Palisades
16 Donald Bruce Kaufman Brentwood 11820 San Vicente Blvd. 90049-5002 310-575-8273 Western Brentwood
17 Jefferson-Vassie D. Wright Jefferson Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 2211 W. Jefferson Blvd. 90018-3741 323-734-8573 Central Southern Jefferson Park
18 Malabar Malabar Branch Library, Boyle Heights.JPG 2801 Wabash Ave. 90033-2604 323-263-1497 Northeast Boyle Heights
19 Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 803 Spence St. 90023-1727 323-268-4710 Northeast Boyle Heights
20 Cahuenga Cahuenga branch los angeles public library.jpg 4591 Santa Monica Blvd. 90029-1937 323-664-6418 Hollywood East Hollywood
21 El Sereno 5226 S. Huntington Dr. 90032-1704 323-225-9201 Northeast El Sereno
22 Palms-Rancho Park Palms-Rancho Park Branch Library.jpg 2920 Overland Ave. 90064-4220 323-840-2142 Western Palms & Rancho Park
23 Van Nuys 6250 Sylmar Ave. 91401-2707 818-756-8453 East Valley Van Nuys Closed for renovations until Summer 2020.
24 Canoga Park 20939 Sherman Way 91303-1744 818-887-0320 West Valley Canoga Park
25 Studio City 12511 Moorpark St. 91604-1372 818-755-7873 East Valley Studio City
26 Angeles Mesa Angeles Mesa Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 2700 W. 52nd St. 90043-1953 323-292-4328 Central Southern Hyde Park/ Leimert Park
27 West Los Angeles 11360 Santa Monica Blvd. 90025-3152 310-575-8323 Western West Los Angeles Regional Branch
28 Cypress Park Cypress Park Branch Library, Los Angeles Public Library, California.jpg 1150 Cypress Ave. 90065-1144 323-224-0039 Northeast Cypress Park
29 Wilshire Wilshire Branch, Los Angeles Public Library.JPG 149 N. St. Andrews Pl. 90004-4019 323-957-4550 Hollywood Mid-Wilshire
30 Ascot 120 W. Florence Ave. 90003-1805 323-759-4817 Central Southern Florence
31 Will & Ariel Durant 7140 W. Sunset Blvd. 90046-4416 323-876-2741 Hollywood Hollywood
32 Eagle Rock 5027 Caspar Ave. 90041-1901 323-258-8078 Northeast Eagle Rock
33 Hyde Park-Miriam Matthews 2205 W. Florence Ave. 90043-5101 323-750-7241 Western Hyde Park
34 John Muir John Muir Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 1005 W. 64th St. 90044-3605 323-789-4800 Central Southern Vermont-Slauson
35 Sunland-Tujunga 7771 Foothill Blvd. 91042-2137 818-352-4481 East Valley Sunland & Tujunga
36 Los Feliz 1874 Hillhurst Ave. 90027-4427 323-913-4710 Hollywood Los Feliz
37 North Hollywood Amelia Earhart 5211 Tujunga Ave. 91601-3119 818-766-7185 East Valley North Hollywood Regional Branch
38 Mar Vista 12006 Venice Blvd. 90066-3810 310-390-3454 Western Mar Vista
39 Panorama City 14345 Roscoe Blvd. 91402-4222 818-894-4071 East Valley Panorama City
40 Venice-Abbot Kinney 501 S. Venice Blvd. 90291-4201 310-821-1769 Western Venice
41 Washington Irving Washington Irving Branch Library.jpg 4117 W. Washington Blvd. 90018-1053 323-734-6303 Hollywood Arlington Heights/ Mid-City
42 Robertson Branch Library 1719 S. Robertson Blvd. 90035-4315 310-840-2147 Western Beverlywood/ Cheviot Hills/ Pico-Robertson Closed Saturday and open Sunday due to widespread observation of Shabbat in this neighborhood
43 Alma Reaves Woods-Watts 10205 Compton Ave. 90002-2804 323-789-2850 Central Southern Watts
44 Atwater Village 3379 Glendale Blvd. 90039-1825 323-664-1353 Hollywood Atwater Village
45 Mark Twain 9621 S. Figueroa St. 90003-3928 323-755-4088 Central Southern Vermont Vista
46 Baldwin Hills 2906 S. La Brea Ave. 90016-3902 323-733-1196 Western Baldwin Hills
47 Encino-Tarzana Encino-Tarzana Branch, Los Angeles Public Library.JPG 18231 Ventura Blvd. 91356-3630 818-343-1983 West Valley Encino & Tarzana
48 Felipe de Neve Felipe de Neve Branch, Los Angeles.JPG 2820 W. 6th St. 90057-3114 213-384-7676 Hollywood Westlake
49 Memorial Memorial Branch Library, Los Angeles.JPG 4625 W. Olympic 90019-1832 323-938-2732 Hollywood Country Club Park
50 West Valley West Valley Regional Branch Library, Reseda, CA.JPG 19036 Vanowen St. 91335-5114 818-345-9806 West Valley Reseda Regional Branch
51 Sherman Oaks 14245 Moorpark St. 91423-2722 818-205-9716 East Valley Sherman Oaks
52 Sun Valley 7935 Vineland Ave. 91352-4477 818-764-1338 East Valley Sun Valley
53 Pacoima 13605 Van Nuys Blvd. 91331-3613 818-899-5203 East Valley Pacoima
54 Sylmar 14561 Polk St. 91342-4055 818-367-6102 East Valley Sylmar
55 Playa Vista Playa Vista Branch, Los Angeles Public Library.jpg 6400 Playa Vista Dr. 90094-2168 310-437-6680 Western Playa Vista
56 Granada Hills 10640 Petit Ave. 91344-6452 818-368-5687 West Valley Granada Hills
57 Valley Plaza 12311 Vanowen St. 91605-5624 818-765-9251 East Valley Valley Glen/ North Hollywood Formerly known as Vanowen Park Branch
58 Woodland Hills 22200 Ventura Blvd. 91364-1517 818-226-0017 West Valley Woodland Hills
59 Northridge 9051 Darby Ave. 91325-2743 818-886-3640 West Valley Northridge
60 Chatsworth 21052 Devonshire St. 91311-2314 818-341-4276 West Valley Chatsworth
61 Fairfax Fairfax branch, Los Angeles Public Library.jpg 161 S. Gardner St. 90036-2717 323-936-6191 Hollywood Fairfax
62 Lake View Terrace Lake View Terrace Branch Library, Los Angeles Public Library.jpg 12002 Osborne St. 91342-7221 818-890-7404 East Valley Lake View Terrace
63 Chinatown Chinatown Lib.jpg 639 N. Hill St. 90012-2317 213-620-0925 Northeast Chinatown
64 Little Tokyo 11-11-06-Vibiana-LittleTokyoBranch.jpg 203 S. Los Angeles St. 90012-3704 213-612-0525 Northeast Little Tokyo
65 Platt 23600 Victory Blvd. 91367-1349 818-340-9386 West Valley West Hills
66 Mid-Valley Regional 16244 Nordhoff St. 91343-3806 818-895-3650 West Valley North Hills Regional Branch
67 Porter Ranch 11371 Tampa Ave. 91326-1729 818-360-5706 West Valley Porter Ranch
68 Harbor City-Harbor Gateway 24000 S. Western Ave. 90710-1741 310-534-9520 Central Southern Harbor City & Harbor Gateway
69 Edendale 2011 W. Sunset Blvd. 90026-3122 213-207-3000 Northeast Echo Park
70 Pico-Union Pulibrary.jpg 1030 S. Alvarado St. 90006-3712 213-368-7545 Hollywood Pico-Union
71 Westwood Westwood Branch Library.JPG 1246 Glendon Ave. 90024-4914 310-474-1739 Western Westwood
72 Silver Lake Silver Lake Branch, Los Angeles Public Library.jpg 2411 Glendale Blvd. 90039-3217 323-913-7451 Northeast Silver Lake  

See also


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  2. ^ "History of the Cultural Heritage Commission". Archived from the original on September 16, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
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  5. ^ "Los Angeles Public Library Facts 2013 (for fiscal year 2012-13) | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  6. ^ Szabo, John (2015). "LAPL Strategic Plan 2015-2020" (PDF). Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "Board of Library Commissioners | Los Angeles Public Library". www.lapl.org. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  8. ^ Toppo, Greg (June 2, 2014). "Libraries' choice: Change or fade into oblivion". USA Today. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  9. ^ Soter, Bernadette Dominique (1993). The light of learning: an illustrated history of the Los Angeles Public Library. Los Angeles: Library Foundation of Los Angeles. pp. 19–20.
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  28. ^ "'Photograph Collection Overview' (online photos)". Los Angeles Public Library. 2011. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
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