Gold Butte National Monument
|Gold Butte National Monument|
Rock formations in Gold Butte National Monument
|Location||Nevada, United States|
|Nearest city||Mesquite, Nevada|
Latitude and Longitude:
|Area||296,937 acres (120,166 ha)|
|Established||December 28, 2016|
Gold Butte National Monument is a United States national monument located in Clark County, Nevada, northeast of Las Vegas and south of Mesquite and Bunkerville. The monument protects nearly 300,000 acres of desert landscapes featuring a wide array of natural and cultural resources, including rock art, sandstone towers, and important wildlife habitat for species including the Mojave Desert tortoise (a threatened species), bighorn sheep, and mountain lion. The area also protects historic ranching and mining sites such as the ghost town of Gold Butte, although little but mine openings, cement foundations, and a few pieces of rusting equipment remains. The monument is managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
The monument consists of 296,937 acres (120,166 ha).  The Gold Butte National Monument fills a gap between Lake Mead National Recreation Area and Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, creating a continuous swath of conserved land and establishing a wildlife corridor.  Significant wildlife within the borders of the park include Mojave Desert tortoise (a threatened species), bighorn sheep, and mountain lion,  as well as Gambel's quail and chukar partridge.  Important cultural and natural resources within the monument include rock art and sandstone formations.  Within the park, "weather-chiseled red sandstone is incised with ancient rock art, and the remains of rock shelters and hearths, agave roasting pits and projectile points" may be found. 
Prior to the area's designation as a national monument, Gold Butte suffered "an increasing level of damage near historic and cultural sites"; an August 2016 report by Friends of Gold Butte reported "dismantled historic corrals and fences, felled Joshua trees and petroglyphs peppered with bullet holes." 
As stated in the presidential proclamation creating the monument, the area remains open for recreation, including hiking, hunting, horseback riding, camping, picnicking, off-highway driving and bicycling on designated roads and trails, sightseeing, the gathering of minerals and other materials important to native peoples who have lived on this lands for thousands of years, and other recreational uses. The area is now closed to industrial development, ensuring that the land is available for recreation.  In 1998, Clark County bought out the area's grazing permits and retired them;  no new permits will be issued.  The monument will permit development and maintenance of existing water rights and transportation infrastructure, but prohibits future claims. 
President Barack Obama designated the monument on December 28, 2016, using his powers under the Antiquities Act, after a two-year campaign by local conservation groups, Nevada and Clark County lawmakers and the Moapa Band of Paiute Indians.  The designation came on the same day as the designation of Bears Ears National Monument.  U.S. Representative Dina Titus and outgoing U.S. Senator Harry Reid, as well as the Las Vegas Paiute Tribe, were also strong supporters of the monument's designation. 
- Little Finland, scenic rock formations in the GBNM
- C. Douglas Nielsen, Gold Butte proclamation still allows hunting, fishing in area, Las Vegas Review-Journal (January 5, 2016).
- President Obama declares Gold Butte a national monument. Martin, Gary & Henry Brean. Las Vegas Review-Journal, December 28, 2016
- Obama Creates New National Monuments in Utah, Nevada, Environment News Service (December 30, 2016).
- New Gold Butte National Monument preserves culture and wildlands Archived December 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Wilderness Society (accessed January 6, 2017).
- Presidential Proclamation
- Ranchers spar with Obama over new national monuments in Utah and Nevada. O'Reilly, Andrew. Fox News, January 5, 2017
- Congress or Trump could undo Gold Butte monument designation. Mitchell, Tom. Mesquite Local News, January 5, 2017
- Obama Designates Two New National Monuments, Protecting 1.65 Million Acres. Davenport, Coral. The New York Times, December 28, 2016
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