List of mammals of Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of mammals of Texas, those mammals native to or immediately off the coast of the U.S. state of Texas.

Having a mild climate and a range of biomes, from plains and grassland in the north, forests and swamps in the east, mountains in the far west, desert in the west and south, and an extensive coastline, makes Texas home to a wide variety of mammal species. Its central location in North America makes it a convergence point for the ranges of many species found in the east and west, as well, with its proximity to Mexico, Texas serves as a northern range for several Central American species. There are also many species endemic to Texas itself.

Texas recognizes three official mammals: the nine-banded armadillo, the Texas Longhorn, and the Mexican free-tailed bat. State law protects numerous species. Those considered threatened species are denoted by (T) and those considered endangered species denoted by (E). Some species are believed to be extirpated from the state, denoted with (X). Several species have been introduced to Texas, and established permanent populations, denoted with (I).

Armadillos ( Xenarthra, Dasypodidae)

Bats ( Chiroptera)

Leaf-nosed bats ( Phyllostomidae)

Mormoopid bats ( Mormoopidae)

Vespertilionid bats ( Vespertilionidae)

Free-tailed bats ( Molossidae)

Carnivorans ( Carnivora)

Canines ( Canidae)

Bears ( Ursidae)

Raccoons, coatimundi and ringtails ( Procyonidae)

Cats ( Felidae)

Seals ( Pinnipedia, Phocidae)

Skunks ( Mephitidae)

Weasel family ( Mustelidae)

Even-toed ungulates ( Artiodactyla)

Peccaries ( Tayassuidae)

Deer ( Cervidae)

Pronghorn ( Antilocapridae)

Sheep and bison ( Bovidae)

Shrews and moles ( Insectivora, Soricidae)

Manatees ( Sirenia, Trichechidae)

Opossums ( Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae)

Rabbits ( Lagomorpha, Leporidae)

Rodents ( Rodentia)

Beavers ( Castoridae)

Voles and New World mice and rats ( Cricetidae)

Porcupines ( Erethizontidae)

Pocket gophers ( Geomyidae)

Pocket mice and kangaroo rats ( Heteromyidae)

Squirrels ( Sciuridae)

Whales and dolphins ( Cetacea)

Right whales ( Balaenidae)

Rorquals ( Balaenopteridae)

Small sperm whales ( Kogiidae)

Sperm whales ( Physeteridae)

Beaked whales ( Ziphiidae)

Dolphins ( Delphinidae)

Introduced mammals

Pigs ( Suidae)

Deer ( Cervidae)

Sheep and bison ( Bovidae)

Mice and rats ( Muridae)

Nutria ( Myocastoridae)

  • Nutria (Myocastor coypus) (I)

See also