List of amphibians of Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of Texas amphibians, all frogs, toads, and salamanders native to the state of Texas.

The state of Texas has a large variety of habitats, from swamps, pine forests in the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the center, desert in the south and west, mountains in the far west, and grassland prairie in the north. This vast contrast in biomes makes Texas home to a wide variety of herpetofauna. Its central position in the United States means that species found primarily in either the western or eastern reaches of the country often have their ranges meeting in the state. Its proximity to Mexico is such that many species found there and into Central American also range as far north as Texas. Also, the karst topography of central Texas is home to several endemic species. The abundance of amphibians makes the state a prime area for research, and most species in the state are well documented.

Texas state law protects several amphibian species; threatened species denoted as (T) and endangered species denoted as (E).

Frogs and toads

True toads

Family Bufonidae (true toads)

Tree frogs

Family Hylidae (treefrogs)

Tropical frogs

Family Leptodactylidae (tropical frogs)

Narrowmouth toads

Family Microhylidae (narrowmouth toads)

Spadefoot toads

Family Pelobatidae (spadefoot toads)

True frogs

Family Ranidae (true frogs)

Burrowing toads

Family Rhinophrynidae



Family Amphiumidae (amphiumas)


Family Salamandridae (newts)


Family Ambystomatidae (mole salamanders)

Family Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders)


Family Sirenidae (sirens)


Family Proteidae (waterdogs)

See also