Fisherman Island (Virginia)

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Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge, VA. Credit- USFWS (11804450384).jpg
Map showing the location of Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
Map showing the location of Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge
Fisherman Island (Virginia) (the United States)
Location Northampton County, Virginia, United States
Nearest city Cheriton, Virginia /
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Coordinates 37°05′45″N 75°57′29″W / 37.09597°N 75.95798°W / 37.09597; -75.95798 [1]
Latitude and Longitude:

37°05′45″N 75°57′29″W / 37.09597°N 75.95798°W / 37.09597; -75.95798 [1]
Area1,850 acres (7.5 km2)
Established1973
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Website Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge

Fisherman Island is the southernmost island on the Delmarva Peninsula chain of barrier islands. Located at the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay, the island is subject to great changes in its landscape from waves and runoff. It first formed about 200 to 250 years ago.

Gun batteries were emplaced on the island to defend Chesapeake Bay in both world wars; these were part of Fort John Custis during World War II. The US Navy used Fisherman Island from 1949 to 1969. [2]

Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge is located within the United States Fish and Wildlife Service's Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge, and is cut in half by the presence of U.S. Highway 13 and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel. The refuge is closed to the public.

The island is the habitat to migratory waterfowl, shorebirds, and nesting waterbirds. In September 2003, the island was almost entirely flooded by Hurricane Isabel.

References

  1. ^ "Fishermans Island National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "Virginia Eastern Shore - Fort John Custis". American Forts Network. Retrieved 30 June 2020.

 This article incorporates  public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

External links