New York City Economic Development Corporation
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|Type||non-profit economic development corporation|
|Headquarters||One Liberty Plaza, New York, NY |
|James Patchett (2017-present)|
New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) is a nonprofit corporation whose stated mission is to promote economic growth in New York City, especially through real estate development.  It is the City's official economic development corporation[ citation needed] and merged with the New York City Economic Growth Corporation in 2012.  Based out of Lower Manhattan, its formation followed recommendations from the consulting firm McKinsey & Company.
As of April 2018 [update], its Board of Directors has 27 members.  [note 1] The Mayor of New York appoints seven members, including the chairperson. Ten additional members are appointed by the Mayor from nominees of the Borough Presidents and the Speaker of the New York City Council. Each Borough President nominates one member and the Speaker nominates five. Ten are appointed by the Chairperson from a list of persons approved by the Mayor. NYCEDC is not a New York City agency.
Through annual contracts with the City of New York, NYCEDC is a nonprofit organization that serves as the City’s primary entity for promoting and implementing economic development. 
As of 2007 [update], the NYCEDC had a role in setting rates of business taxation, an alternative to the passing of tax legislation. :33 Specifically, the Corporation was charged with negotiating firm-specific tax incentives with businesses as encouragement to either relocate to, or remain in, New York City. :33
The organization also:
- Develops real estate, using partnerships between the public and private sectors.
- Provides business, economic, and policy advice to the City, not-for-profit, and for-profit private sectors.
- Manages City properties and assets, including manufacturing and distribution hubs and other infrastructure.
- Invests in and provides financial tools that allow businesses and not-for-profits.
- Conducts research, collects input from stakeholders, and launches initiatives.
NYCEDC was formed in 1991 as the result of a merger of two major not-for-profit and a handful of minor corporations which performed economic development services for the City. One of the major merger partners was the Public Development Corporation (PDC), formed in 1966 to rescue the City from its then-deteriorating economy by selling City property and leasing industrial space. PDC was responsible for construction of the Nassau Street Mall, the Brooklyn Army Terminal, Jamaica Center, and the South Street Seaport, among other activities. The second major merger partner was the Financial Services Corporation (FSC) formed in 1980 to administer government financing programs that promote business expansion in New York City. Formation of the NYCEDC followed recommendations from the consulting firm McKinsey & Company, who had been engaged in mid-1990 to "advise on the reorganisation of the NYC development system. 
Carl Weisbrod, formerly of PDC prior to its merger with FSC, was the first president of NYCEDC under the Dinkins administration. Weisbrod was succeeded by Charles Millard and Michael G. Carey under the Giuliani administration, followed by Andrew Alper, the first president appointed to the position during the Bloomberg administration. Robert C. Lieber was appointed in January 2007 and served until Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg appointed him as Deputy Mayor for Economic Development & Rebuilding in December 2007. Seth Pinsky served as President from February 2008 to August 2013.
One of NYCEDC’s largest initiatives to date is Applied Sciences NYC, a competition to create a new world-class engineering campus in NYC. [info 1] In December 2011, Mayor Bloomberg announced the selection of a historic partnership with Cornell University and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to create a groundbreaking, two-million-square foot applied science and engineering campus on Roosevelt Island, to be called Cornell Tech.  Applied Sciences NYC is expected to more than double the number of both full-time graduate engineering students and faculty in New York City. Over the next three decades the Applied Sciences NYC initiative is expected to generate more than $33 billion in overall nominal economic impact, add over 48,000 jobs, and launch nearly 1,000 spin-off companies. The Applied Sciences NYC initiative also includes the establishment of a campus in Downtown Brooklyn developed by a consortium led by NYU that focuses on the challenges facing cities, and a new institute for data sciences at Columbia University. [publication 1]
New York City Industrial Development Agency (NYCIDA) is a public benefit corporation under New York State law that provides companies with access to tax-exempt bond financing or tax benefits to strengthen and diversify the City’s tax and employment base, helps businesses locate and expand their operations within New York City, and encourages economic development by retaining jobs and creating new ones. NYCIDA is administered by NYCEDC.
New York City Capital Resource Corporation (NYCCRC), also administered by NYCEDC, is a local development corporation that provides lower-cost financing programs for eligible capital projects to qualified not-for-profit institutions and manufacturing, industrial, and other businesses.
NYCEDC's joint projects with New York City as of 2018 include:
- Hunts Point, Bronx
- Coney Island, Brooklyn
- Sunset Park Waterfront, Brooklyn [info 2]
- 125th Street, Manhattan
- Essex Crossing, Manhattan
- The High Line, Manhattan
- The Hub, Bronx
- Downtown Jamaica Initiatives, Queens [info 3]
- Gotham Center, Queens [info 4]
- Hunter's Point South, Queens
- Willets Point, Queens
- East River Ferry Service [info 5]
- New Stapleton Waterfront, Staten Island [info 6]
- St. George Terminal, Staten Island
- Kingsbridge Armory, Bronx [info 7]
- New York Wheel, Staten Island
- Empire Outlets, Staten Island
- Seward Park, Manhattan
- Brooklyn Army Terminal, Brooklyn
In November 2018, the news media reported that Amazon.com was in final talks with the government of New York State to construct one of two campuses for its proposed Amazon HQ2 at Queens West in Long Island City. (The other campus would be located at National Landing in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia.)  The selection was confirmed by Amazon on November 13, 2018,   but on February 14, 2019, Amazon announced it was pulling out, citing unexpected opposition from local lawmakers and unions.  
NYCEDC has been involved in plans to redevelop miles of the City’s working waterfront. It states that it helps improve public access to waterfronts through projects such as the construction of the East River Waterfront Esplanade along a two-mile shorefront of Lower Manhattan. [info 8]
- "Contact Us". NYCEDC. Retrieved April 7, 2018.[ self-published source]
- "Downtown Brooklyn's Next Luxury Tower". Retrieved 2018-09-04.
- "History". NYCEDC. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
- "NYCEDC Board of Directors". NYCEDC. Retrieved April 7, 2018.[ self-published source]
- "Citywide Organization Chart". Office of the Mayor. City of New York. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Berg, Bruce (2007). New York City Politics: Governing Gotham. United States: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813543895.
- Clark, Greg; Huxley, Joe; Mountford, Debra (2010). Organising Local Economic Development: The Role of Development Agencies and Companies. Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED). OECD Publishing. p. 114 (Box 4.17). ISBN 9789264083530.
- "Mayor Bloomberg, Cornell President Skorton And Technion President Lavie Announce Historic Partnership to Build a New Applied Sciences Campus on Roosevelt Island" (Press release). NYCEDC. 19 December 2011.
- "Amazon's HQ2? Make That Q for Queens". The New York Times. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- "Amazon Selects New York City and Northern Virginia for New Headquarters". Amazon. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- "Amazon's Grand Search For 2nd Headquarters Ends With Split: NYC And D.C. Suburb". NPR. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- McCartney/O'Connell, Robert/Jonathan (2019-02-14). "Amazon Drops Plan For New York City Headquarters". The Washington Post.
- Size of the Board of Directors was based on counting the number of names in the list. Based on past member lists, the number of board members is not constant.
- "Applied Sciences NYC". NYCEDC. 28 October 2014.
- "Sunset Park Vision Plan". NYCEDC. 24 November 2014.
- "Jamaica Infrastructure Projects". NYCEDC. 8 September 2014.
- "Gotham Center". NYCEDC. 28 July 2014.
- "East River Ferry Service". NYCEDC. 14 October 2014.
- "New Stapleton Waterfront". NYCEDC. 8 October 2014.
- "Kingsbridge Armory". NYCEDC. 25 August 2014.
- "East River Waterfront Esplanade". NYCEDC. 7 August 2014.