Meredith Miles Marmaduke
Meredith Miles Marmaduke
|8th Governor of Missouri|
February 9, 1844 – November 20, 1844
|Preceded by||Thomas Reynolds|
|Succeeded by||John C. Edwards|
|6th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri|
November 16, 1840 – February 9, 1844
|Preceded by||Franklin Cannon|
|Succeeded by||James Young|
|Born||August 28, 1791|
Westmoreland County, Virginia
|Died||March 26, 1864 (aged 72)|
Saline County, Missouri
Saline County, Missouri
|Children||Seven sons, three daughters|
|Profession||Farmer, tradesman, merchant|
|Branch/service||United States Volunteers|
|Years of service||1812–1815|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
Meredith Miles Marmaduke (August 28, 1791 – March 26, 1864) was an American politician who served as the 8th Governor of Missouri in 1844, following the suicide of Governor Thomas Reynolds. He was also the 6th lieutenant governor and father of John Sappington Marmaduke, a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who commanded cavalry in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, serving as the 25th Governor of Missouri from 1885 to 1887.
Meredith Miles Marmaduke was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on August 28, 1791, to Vincent and Sarah (Porter) Marmaduke.  He was educated in the public schools and was employed as a civil engineer until his career was interrupted by the War of 1812. During the war, despite being just twenty-two years of age, Marmaduke was commissioned as colonel of the regiment that was raised in his county. 
Returning to Virginia after the war, Marmaduke was appointed United States Marshal for the Tidewater district of Virginia by President James Madison.  He served for several years in that office until being elected clerk of the circuit court. In 1823 he immigrated to Franklin, Missouri, for his health.  Marmaduke held a variety of jobs, including store clerking, managing a large farm, and working as a trader on the Santa Fe Trail.  In 1826 Marmaduke married Lavinia Sappington, the daughter of Dr. John Sappington, a prominent pioneer physician of Saline County famous for his use of quinine to treat malaria fevers.   For a brief time Marmaduke became a partner in his father-in-law's enterprises, including a store in Arrow Rock, Missouri, a town he had platted in 1829 while surveyor for Saline County. Around 1835 Marmaduke became a successful farmer on land not far from Arrow Rock where he and his wife raised their ten children. 
A Jacksonian Democrat as well as a friend and supporter of Missouri Senator Thomas Hart Benton, Marmaduke served as Saline County surveyor and county judge before being elected Lieutenant Governor of Missouri in 1840.  His time in that role was relatively uneventful until the morning of February 9, 1844. It was on that day Governor Thomas Reynolds committed suicide. Assuming office in largely a caretaker for the final ten months remaining in the Governors term, nonetheless Marmaduke set the stage for major changes in the treatment of the mentally ill. In one of his final messages to the state legislature he strongly urged them to establish, in the vernacular of the time, a lunatic asylum for the housing and treatment of those with mental illness.  One of his other acts as Governor likely cost him a chance to win election to the office in his own right. Marmaduke, himself a slaveholder, refused to pardon three abolitionists who had helped escaped slaves. Angered by his refusal, Democratic leaders bypassed Marmaduke as their candidate in the 1844 election and instead chose the eventual winner, John C. Edwards. 
Though out of office, Marmaduke kept his hand in state affairs the next year, serving as Saline County delegate to the Missouri Constitutional Convention. He would make an unsuccessful bid for Governor again in 1848. In 1854, became president of the State Agricultural Society and of the district fair association, originator the first State Fair in Missouri. 
Even before the first shots were fired at Fort Sumter Marmaduke found himself at odds with friends and family. Much like his friend Senator Benton, Marmaduke's views on slavery had begun to change in the late 1840s.  This led to a business and personal estrangement between Marmaduke and his father-in-law Dr. Sappington, and brother-in-law, future Missouri Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson. Once the war began Marmaduke was a fierce Union supporter.
Going against his wishes, four of Marmaduke's sons would fight for the South, with two of them dying in the cause.  One son, Confederate General John Sappington Marmaduke would survive the war and later become Missouri's 25th governor (1885–1887). Another, Henry Hungerford Marmaduke, served as a gunner in the Confederate Navy aboard the ironclad CSS Virginia in its historic clash with the USS Monitor.
- "Meredith M. Marmaduke biography" (PDF). Missouri Secretary of State office, Missouri State Archives. July 29, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- "Missouri Governor Meredith Miles Marmaduke". National Governors Association website. 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Christensen, Lawrence O., Dictionary of Missouri Biography, University of Missouri Press, 1999.
- Glassman, Steve, It Happened on the Santa Fe Trail, Globe Pequot Press, 2008, pg. 67
- Denslow, Wm. R. and Truman, Harry S. 10,000 Famous Freemasons from K to Z Vol. 3, Kessinger Publishing, 1959. pp. 135-136
- Meredith Miles Marmaduke at Find a Grave
- Meredith Miles Marmaduke at the National Governors Association
- Meredith Miles Marmaduke at The Political Graveyard
- Sappington-Marmaduke Family Papers, 1810-1941 at the Missouri Historical Society