List of most expensive buildings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below lists the most expensive buildings in the world, which cost the most money to construct.

Note: A building is briefly defined as a structure with a roof and walls, standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Airports are excluded as their construction cost includes runways and systems; terminal buildings can still be included in the list.

Rank Building City Country Architect/designer Current owner(s) Completed/Will Complete Nominal cost ( $USbillion) Inflation-adjusted cost, 2018 ( $USbillion)
1 Masjid Al Haram (mosque) Mecca   Saudi Arabia N/A Saudi Arabian government 638 AD 10.6 (for expansion) [1] 100
2 Abraj Al Bait (mixed) Mecca   Saudi Arabia Dar Al-Handasah King Salman 2012 15.0 [3] 16.41
3 Olkiluoto 3 Eurajoki   Finland Areva Teollisuuden Voima 2022 [4] 12.4 [5] 12.4
4 International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor Saint-Paul-lès-Durance   France Bernard Bigot ITER 2025 25.00 [6]
5 Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (block 3 & 4) Mochovce   Slovakia Slovenské elektrárne Slovenské elektrárne 2023 7.61 [7]
6 Željava Air Base Željava   Croatia SFRJ Croatian Army 1968 6.0 [8][ circular reference] 44.11
7 Marina Bay Sands Singapore   Singapore Moshe Safdie Las Vegas Sands 2010 5.50 [9] 6.33
8 Apple Park Cupertino, California   United States Foster and Partners [10] Apple Inc. 2017 5.00 [11] 5.3
9 Resorts World Sentosa Singapore   Singapore Michael Graves Genting Group 2010 4.93 [12] 5.68
10 SoFi Stadium Inglewood   United States HKS, Inc. Kroenke Sports & Entertainment 2020 4.9 [13] 4.99
11 Wynn Palace Cotai   Macau Butler/Ashworth Architects and Wong & Ouyang Wynn Resorts 2016 4.2 [14] 4.84
12 The Cosmopolitan Las Vegas   United States Friedmutter Group with Arquitectonica The Blackstone Group 2010 4.10 [15] 4.72
13 One World Trade Center New York City   United States Skidmore, Owings & Merrill The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey 2012 3.80 [16] 4.16
14 Lotte World Tower Seoul   South Korea James von Klemperer Lotte Corporation 2016 3.11 4
15 Emirates Palace Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates John Elliott Abu Dhabi Government 2005 3.00 3.86
16 Palace of the Parliament Bucharest   Romania Anca Petrescu Romanian Government 1997 3.00 4.69
17 Nya Karolinska Hospital Stockholm   Sweden Whitearkitekter & and White Tengbom team Region Stockholm 2018 c. 1.5 [17] 1.7
18 Wynn Resort Las Vegas   United States Butler/Ashworth Architects and Jerde Partnership Wynn Resorts 2005 2.70 3.47
19 Venetian Macau Macau   Macau Aedas Las Vegas Sands 2005 2.40 [18] 3.09
20 City of Dreams Macau   Macau Arquitectonica Melco Crown Entertainment 2009 2.40 2.81
21 Antillia Mumbai   India Perkins and Will Mukesh Ambani 2010 0.7 [19] 2
22 National Children's Hospital [20] Dublin   Ireland Benedict Zucchi Irish Government 2023 2.4 [21]
23 Taipei 101 Taipei   Taiwan C.Y. Lee & Partners Taipei Financial Center Corporation 2004 1.80 2.39
24 The Palazzo Las Vegas   United States HKS, Inc. Las Vegas Sands 2007 1.80 2.18
25 Lakhta Center Saint Petersburg   Russia RMJM (until 2011), Gorproject Gazprom Neft 2018 1.77 [22] 1.94
26 Camp Nou Barcelona   Spain Francesc Mitjans and Josep Soteras FC Barcelona 2018 1.73 1.73
27 Royal Adelaide Hospital Adelaide   Australia Silver Thomas Hanley & DesignInc Government of South Australia 2017 1.61 (2.3 AU$) 1.65
28 Bellagio Las Vegas   United States DeRuyter Butler and Atlandia Design Bellagio ( MGM Resorts International is the owner of the company) 1998 1.60 2.47
29 Seat of the ECB Frankfurt   Germany Coop Himmelb(l)au European Central Bank 2013 1.57 [23] 1.69222
30 Wembley Stadium London   UK Foster and Partners The Football Association 2006 1.50 1.87
31 Yankee Stadium New York City   United States Populous New York City Industrial Development Agency 2009 1.50 1.76
32 Termoelektrarna Šoštanj blok 6 [24][ circular reference] Šoštanj   Slovenia n.a. Slovenian Government 2014 1.6 1.7
33 Burj Khalifa Dubai   United Arab Emirates Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill Emaar Properties 2010 1.5 [25] 1.73
34 Gigafactory 1 Storey County, Nevada   United States HOK, Bennett Wagner & Grody Architects, RMH Group, Rocky Mountain Institute, Mortenson Construction, and CH2M HILL Tesla, Inc. 2020 1.31 [26] 1.39
35 Mall of Tripla Helsinki   Finland Arkkitehdit Soini & Horto YIT, Ilmarinen 2019 1.33 [27] [28]
36 Jewel Changi Airport (mixed-use building) Singapore   Singapore Moshe Safdie Changi Airport Group 2019 1.26 [29] 1.32
37 Petronas Twin Towers Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia César Pelli KLCC Holdings 1999 1.16 1.75
38 Parliament House Canberra   Australia Romaldo Giurgola Parliament of Australia 1988 0.848 [30] 1.7

See also

References

  1. ^ "Riyadh Expands Masjid al-Haram". OnIslam.net. 6 January 2008. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Revealed: The world's 20 most expensive buildings". The Telegraph. 27 July 2016.
  3. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (23 October 2012). "Mecca's mega architecture casts shadow over hajj" – via The Guardian.
  4. ^ https://www.tvo.fi/en/index/news/pressreleasesstockexchangereleases/2020/ol3eprregularproductionofelectricitystartsinfebruary2022.html
  5. ^ https://www.worldnuclearreport.org/IMG/pdf/wnisr2019-v2-hr.pdf
  6. ^ "ITER disputes DOE's cost estimate of fusion project". Physics Today. 2018. doi: 10.1063/PT.6.2.20180416a.
  7. ^ "Mochovce new-build project receives loan boost : New Nuclear - World Nuclear News". www.world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  8. ^ Željava Air Base
  9. ^ The 10 most expensive buildings in the world
  10. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (15 November 2013). "All hail the mothership: Norman Foster's $5bn Apple HQ revealed". The Guardian.
  11. ^ - Apple Campus 2 cost 5 billion Projects: Foster and Partners
  12. ^ "Resorts World Sentosa: Singapore Buildings - e-architect". 20 July 2010.
  13. ^ Brinson, Will (27 March 2018). "NFL Reportedly Raising Debt Limit on Rams Stadium after L.A. Project nears $5B Price Tag". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  14. ^ Cohen, Muhammad. "Wynn Opens Extravagant $4.2B Palace In Slumping Macau". Forbes. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  15. ^ "The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas - Arquitectonica". 25 October 2010.
  16. ^ "One World Trade Center Will Cost $3.8 Billion, Making It The Most Expensive Building In The World". 31 January 2012 – via Huff Post.
  17. ^ "svd.se/nya-karolinska-tio-miljarder-kronor-dyrare-att-bygga". Svenska Dagbladet.
  18. ^ http://www.aedas.com/Venetian-Macao-Resort-Hotel
  19. ^ "Algeria set to finally open world's 3rd largest mosque built at a cost of $2 bln".
  20. ^ National Children's Hospital
  21. ^ Staines, Michael. "Expert warns National Children's Hospital likely to cost €2.4bn". Newstalk. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  22. ^ "«Газпром» раскрыл стоимость строительства самого высокого здания Европы". РБК Недвижимость (in Russian). Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  23. ^ eub2. "ECB's new building to cost more than expected, says official — EUbusiness.com - EU news, business and politics".
  24. ^ Termoelektrarna Šoštanj blok 6
  25. ^ Burj Dubai cost $1.5bn to build
  26. ^ "Building Permits at Electric Avenue, McCarran, NV, 89434".
  27. ^ Anonymous (25 February 2019). "A new development in Helsinki". investEU - European Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Mall of Tripla, Pasila - Home". malloftripla.fi. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Singapore's $1.3 billion airport expansion is half botanical garden, half mega-mall". Fast Company. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  30. ^ Parliament House, Canberra