Ken Paxton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ken Paxton
Ken Paxton.jpg
51st Attorney General of Texas
Assumed office
January 5, 2015
Governor Greg Abbott
Preceded byGreg Abbott
Member of the Texas Senate
from the 8th district
In office
January 2013 – January 4, 2015
Preceded by Florence Shapiro
Succeeded by Van Taylor
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 70th district
In office
January 2003 – January 2013
Preceded byDavid Counts
Succeeded by Scott Sanford
Personal details
Born
Warren Kenneth Paxton Jr.

(1962-12-23) December 23, 1962 (age 57)
Minot, North Dakota, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Angela Paxton
Education Baylor University ( BA, MBA)
University of Virginia ( JD)

Warren Kenneth Paxton Jr. [1] (born December 23, 1962) is an American lawyer and politician who has served as the Attorney General of Texas since January 2015. Paxton is a Tea Party conservative. [2] He previously served as Texas State Senator for the 8th district and the Texas State Representative for the 70th district.

Paxton has been under indictment since 2015 on securities fraud charges relating to activities prior to taking office; he has pleaded not guilty. [3] [4] In October 2020, several high-level assistants in Paxton's office accused him of " bribery, abuse of office and other crimes". [5] [6] [7]

Background

Paxton was born on Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota where his father was stationed while in the United States Air Force. His parents and their three children lived in a trailer, often without air conditioning, parked outside wherever his father was temporarily stationed. At various times, they lived in Florida, New York, North Carolina, California, and Oklahoma. A lifelong football fan, Paxton carried a jersey autographed by Bill Bates, formerly of the Dallas Cowboys. Bates later was named Paxton's campaign treasurer. [8]

At the age of twelve, Paxton nearly lost an eye in a game of hide-and-seek; a misdiagnosis led to long-term problems with his vision. As a result, his good eye is green; his damaged one, brown and droopy. He was again seriously injured while he was a student at Baylor University in Waco, Texas. An elbow to his face in a game of basketball shattered the bones around his already damaged right eye. [8] At Baylor, he majored in psychology and was a member of the Baylor University Chamber of Commerce. In 1985, he was elected Student Body President of the Baylor Student Government Association. [9]

Paxton received a psychology degree in 1985 from Baylor University, and a Master of Business Administration at the Hankamer School of Business in 1986. Paxton then worked for two years as a management consultant before returning to school in 1988. In 1991, he received a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Virginia School of Law.[ citation needed]

Paxton worked at Strasburger & Price, L.L.P. from 1991 to 1995, and J.C. Penney Company, Inc. from 1995 to 2002.[ citation needed]

Texas legislature

House of Representatives (2003–2013)

In 2002, Paxton ran in the Republican primary for the Texas House in District 70. He captured 39.45% of the vote and moved into a runoff with Bill Vitz, whom he then defeated with 64% of the vote. He went on to face Fred Lusk (D) and Robert Worthington ( L) for the newly redistricted open seat. On November 4, 2002, Paxton won with 28,012 votes to Lusk's 7,074 votes and Worthington's 600 votes. [10]

Paxton won re-election against Democrat Martin Woodward in 2004. Paxton captured 76% of the vote, or 58,520 votes compared to 18,451 votes for Woodward. [11] Paxton won re-election in 2006, defeating Rick Koster (D) and Robert Virasin (L). Paxton received 30,062 votes to Koster's 12,265 votes and Virasin's 1,222 votes. [12] Paxton won re-election by again defeating Robert Virasin (L), 73,450 to 11,751 votes. [13] Paxton ran unopposed for re-election in 2010.

After getting re-elected, Paxton ran for Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives against Joe Straus of District 121 in Bexar County and fellow Republican Warren Chisum of District 88 in Pampa, Texas. Paxton said that if elected speaker, he would take "bold action in defense of our conservative values." [14] Sensing certain defeat, Paxton pulled out of the Speaker's race before the vote. [8] Paxton was endorsed by HuckPAC, the official political action committee of Mike Huckabee, [15] and was endorsed by the National Rifle Association. [16] [17] Straus was elected to his second term as Speaker and was re-elected in 2013, 2015, and 2017.

Texas State Senate (2013–2015)

Paxton was in the Texas State Senate from 2013 until January 2015 when his term as Attorney General began.[ citation needed]

Attorney General of Texas (2015–)

2014 election

Paxton's 2013 campaign announcement

Paxton became a candidate for Texas attorney general when the incumbent Greg Abbott decided to run for governor to succeed the retiring Rick Perry. [18] Paxton led a three-candidate field in the Republican primary held on March 4, 2014, polling 566,114 votes (44.4%). State Representative Dan Branch of Dallas County received 426,595 votes (33.5 percent). Eliminated in the primary was Texas Railroad Commissioner Barry Smitherman of Austin, who polled the remaining 281,064 (22.1 percent). Paxton faced Dan Branch in the runoff election on May 27, 2014, and won with 465,395 votes (63.63 percent). Branch received 265,963 votes (36.36 percent). [19] [20]

In the November 4 general election, Paxton defeated a Democratic attorney from Houston named Sam Houston. [21]

Paxton took office on January 5, 2015. [22] Paxton's campaign raised $945,000 in the first half of 2016, leaving Paxton with just under $3 million in his campaign account for a potential 2018 re-election bid. [23]

Paxton's wife, Angela Paxton, his closest political advisor, often opens up his events with a musical performance. She calls her husband "a very competitive person". [8] Paxton won the attorney general's election without the endorsement of a single Texas newspaper. [8] In 2018, Angela Paxton won the District 8 seat in the Texas Senate.[ citation needed]

2018 election

In 2018, Paxton ran for re-election unopposed in the Republican primary, and he was endorsed by U.S. President Donald Trump. Paxton won a second term as attorney general in the general election held on November 6, 2018, narrowly defeating Democratic nominee Justin Nelson, a lawyer, and Libertarian Party nominee Michael Ray Harris by a margin of 4,173,538 (50.6 percent) to 3,874,096 (47 percent) and Harris receiving 2.4%. [24] [25]

Tenure

Immigration

In 2018, Paxton falsely claimed that undocumented immigrants had committed over 600,000 crimes since 2011 in Texas. [26] PolitiFact said that it had debunked the numbers before, and that the numbers exceed the state's estimates by more than 400%. [26]

Obama executive orders

Paxton led a coalition of twenty-six states challenging President Barack Obama's Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) executive action, which granted deferred action status to certain undocumented immigrants who had lived in the United States since 2010 and had children who were American citizens or lawful permanent residents. [27] Paxton argued that the president should not be allowed to "unilaterally rewrite congressional laws and circumvent the people's representatives." [27] The Supreme Court heard the case, United States v. Texas, and issued a split 4-4 ruling in the case in June 2016. Because of the split ruling, a 2015 lower-court ruling invalidating Obama's plan was left in place. [28] In July 2017, Paxton led a group of Republican Attorneys General and Idaho Governor Butch Otter in threatening the Trump administration that they would litigate if the president did not terminate the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals policy that had been put into place by president Barack Obama, although never implemented in Texas because of legal action on behalf of the state. [29] The other Attorneys General who joined in making the threats to Trump included Steve Marshall of Alabama, Leslie Rutledge of Arkansas, Lawrence Wasden of Idaho, Derek Schmidt of Kansas, Jeff Landry of Louisiana, Doug Peterson of Nebraska, Alan Wilson of South Carolina, and Patrick Morrisey of West Virginia. [30]

Trump executive orders

In 2017, Paxton voiced support for the application of eminent domain to obtain right-of-way along the Rio Grande in Texas for construction of the border wall advocated by President Donald Trump as a means to curtail illegal immigration. Paxton said that private landowners must receive a fair price when property is taken for the pending construction. He said that the wall serves "a public purpose providing safety to people not only along the border, but to the entire nation. ... I want people to be treated fairly, so they shouldn't just have their land taken from them," but there must be just compensation. [31]

In 2017, Paxton joined thirteen other state attorneys general in filing a friend-of-the-court briefs in defense of both Trump's first and second executive orders on travel and immigration. In filings in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, and the U.S. Supreme Court, Paxton argued that the order—which places a 90-day ban on the issuance of visas to traveled from six designated majority-Muslim countries, imposes a 120-day halt on the admission of refugees to the U.S., and caps annual refugee admissions to 50,000 people—is constitutionally and legally valid. [32] [33]

In May 2017, Paxton filed a preemptive lawsuit designed to ascertain the constitutionality of the new Texas ban on sanctuary cities, known as SB 4, signed into law by Governor Greg Abbott. The suit asks the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas to clarify whether the law is at odds with the Fourth and Fourteenth constitutional amendments or is not in conflict with some other federal law. Paxton said that the measure "is constitutional, lawful and a vital step in securing our borders. It guarantees cooperation among federal, state and local law enforcement to protect Texans. Unfortunately, some municipalities and law enforcement agencies are unwilling to cooperate with the federal government and claim that SB 4 is unconstitutional." Among those opposed to the measure are the police chiefs and sheriffs of some of the largest jurisdictions in Texas. Critics call the ban legalization of discrimination against minorities, and suits against the legislation are expected to be filed. [34]

Challenge to the Clean Power Plan

Paxton has mounted a legal challenge to the Clean Power Plan, which is President Obama's "state-by-state effort to fight climate change by shifting away from coal power to cleaner-burning natural gas and renewable resources." [35] Paxton has said that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is trying to "force Texas to change how we regulate energy production" through an "unprecedented expansion of federal authority." [35] The Clean Power Plan would require Texas to cut an annual average of 51 million tons of emissions, down 21 percent from 2012 levels. Paxton says the required reductions would cost the state jobs, push electricity costs too high, and threaten reliability on the electrical grid. Paxton says there is no evidence that the plan will mitigate climate change, directly contradicting studies by the EPA that have shown the regulation will reduce carbon pollution by 870 million tons in 2030. [36] He further asserts that the EPA lacks the statutory authority to write the state's policies. [37]

Challenge to Department of Labor overtime rule

Paxton sued the Obama administration over a new rule by the United States Department of Labor which would make five million additional workers eligible for overtime pay. The new rule would mean workers earning up to an annual salary of $47,500 would become eligible for overtime pay when working more than 40 hours per week. [38] Paxton has said the new regulations "may lead to disastrous consequences for our economy." Along with Texas, twenty other states have joined the lawsuit. [39]

LGBT rights

As Attorney General, Paxton appointed several social conservatives and opponents of LGBT rights to positions in his department. [40]

In June 2015, after the issuance of the Obergefell v. Hodges decision, in which the Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry, Paxton offered support for clerks who refused to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. His statement said, "I will do everything I can from this office to be a public voice for those standing in defense of their rights." [41]

in 2016, Paxton led a coalition of thirteen states that sought an injunction to block a guidance letter issued by the Department of Education and Department of Justice that interpreted Title IX to require public schools to allow transgender students to use restrooms that accorded with their gender identity. [42] [43] Paxton submitted court filings that the Obama administration had "conspired to turn workplaces and educational settings across the country into laboratories for a massive social experiment" [42] and termed the directive a "gun to the head" that threatens the independence of school districts. [44] The states dropped the suit after the directive was revoked by President Donald Trump. [45]

Challenge to Department of Labor's "Persuader Rule"

Paxton is involved in a legal challenge to a rule by the Department of Labor which forces employers to report any "actions, conduct or communications" undertaken to "affect an employee's decisions regarding his or her representation or collective bargaining rights." [46] Known as the "Persuader Rule," the new regulation went into effect in April 2016. Opponents of the rule say it will prevent employers from speaking on labor issues or seeking legal counsel. In June 2016, a federal judge granted a preliminary injunction against the rule. Paxton called the injunction "a victory for the preservation of the sanctity of attorney-client confidentiality." [47]

ExxonMobil litigation

In 2016, Paxton was one of eleven Republican state attorneys general who sided with ExxonMobil in the company's suit to block a climate change probe by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. [48]

Paxton and the other state AGs filed an amicus curiae brief, contending that Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey used her office to "tip the scales on a public policy debate, undermine the first Amendment and abuse the office's subpoena power." [49] Healey had launched a probe of ExxonMobil's historical marketing and sale of fossil fuel products, requiring the company to produce 40 years worth of documents regarding fossil fuel products and securities. Healey said the documents would prove that ExxonMobil "knew about the risks of climate change decades ago and fraudulently concealed that knowledge from the public." [50] The amicus brief supported Exxon Mobil's motion for a preliminary injunction. [49] Paxton questioned Healey's use of law-enforcement authority regarding the global warming controversy, which he called an "ongoing public policy debate of international importance." Paxton described Healey's attempts to obtain historical company records for a public policy debate as a threat to freedom of speech, stating: "The Constitution was written to protect citizens from government witch-hunts that are nothing more than an attempt to suppress speech on an issue of public importance, just because a government official happens to disagree with that particular viewpoint." [50] The brief portrayed climate change as an issue that was still a matter of scientific debate, although in fact the scientific consensus is that the earth is warming and human activity is primarily responsible. [48]

U.S. Virgin Islands attorney general Claude Walker had also issued a subpoena for Exxon's records. Paxton issued a request to intervene in the case, stating: "What is Exxon Mobil's transgression? Holding a view about climate change that the Attorney General of the Virgin Islands disagrees with. This is about the criminalization of speech and thought." Walker dropped the subpoena in June 2016. [51]

Volkswagen, Apple, and MoneyGram lawsuits

In 2012, Paxton was part of a lawsuit against Apple, charging the company with violating antitrust laws by conspiring with publishers to artificially raise the prices of electronic books. [52] Apple was ordered to pay $400 million to U.S. consumers who paid artificially-inflated prices for e-books, and $20 million to the states in reimbursement for legal costs. [53]

In June 2016, it was announced that Volkswagen would pay the state of Texas $50 million in relation to the Volkswagen emissions scandal. Paxton had sued the company in 2015 in connection with the automaker's admitted use of software that allowed its vehicles to circumvent emissions limits. [54]

Paxton is part of a 21-state lawsuit against the state of Delaware. The lawsuit alleges that MoneyGram gave uncashed checks to the state of Delaware instead of the state where the money order or travelers check was bought. The case has gone directly to the U.S. Supreme Court because it is a dispute among states. [55] Paxton said an audit showed that Delaware owed other states $150 million, and that Delaware unlawfully took possession of uncashed checks instead of sending the checks back to the states where the money orders were purchased. [56] The state of Delaware disputes these claims. [56]

Lawsuit over homestead tax exemptions

In 2015, the Texas State Legislature passed a law implementing property tax reductions by increasing the homestead exemption to $25,000 and prohibiting localities from reducing or repealing any local option homestead exemption already on the books. After this law was passed, 21 school districts reduced or eliminated their local optional homestead exemptions. In 2016, Paxton intervened in a lawsuit challenging the practice of school districts reducing or repealing their local optional homestead exemptions. [57]

Second Amendment lawsuits

In 2016, three University of Texas at Austin professors sued in an effort to ban concealed handguns from campus. The state's campus carry law allows law-abiding citizens to carry concealed weapons. The lawsuit brought by the professors sought to block the law. Paxton called the lawsuit "frivolous" and said it should be dismissed. [58] [59] The suit was indeed dismissed in July 2017 by a federal district court, and on appeal, the dismissal was upheld by a three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals. [60]

In 2016, Paxton sued the city of Austin to allow license holders to openly carry handguns in city hall. [61] Paxton prevailed, and the court decided not only that the city of Austin must allow such carry, but also ordered it to pay a fine to the state for each day it prevented investigators from the attorney general's office from carrying their firearms. [62]

Voting rights

Paxton has "crusaded against voter fraud" as state attorney general; [63] there is no evidence of widespread voter fraud in Texas, although the state's "efforts to enact and enforce the strictest voter ID law in the nation were so plagued by delays, revisions, court interventions and inadequate education that the casting of ballots in the 2016 election was inevitably troubled." [64]

Paxton's office is seeking 2016 Texas voting records in an effort to find voter fraud, such as potential voting by non-citizens or in the name of the deceased. This includes individual voting history and application materials for voter registrations. Officials in Bexar County say there have been no major cases of voter fraud in San Antonio. [65] However, the Associated Press reported that the top election official in Bexar County estimates that nearly six hundred affidavits submitted by voters declined to present identification and should have been declined. Instead, the official said such voters should have been required to cast provisional ballots. AP projected that the overall number who cast improper affidavits as 13,500 in the largest Texas counties. [66]

Fort Bend County's top elections official said that these cases are not voter fraud, noting that only those who were registered to vote qualified for an affidavit, and that "poll workers were trained to 'err on the side of letting people use the affidavit instead of denying them the chance to vote.'" [66]

The San Antonio Express-News criticized the state's voter identification law, which Paxton seeks to have reinstated after it was struck down by United States District Judge Nelva Gonzales Ramos of Corpus Christi, who found the measure to be a violation of the Voting Rights Act, and found that it was passed with the intent to discriminate against black and Hispanic voters. Paxton's office appealed the decision. [67] Appeals continue in the case. [68]

In March 2017, Paxton told The Washington Times that he was convinced that voter fraud exists in Texas, and claimed that local election officials in Texas were not on the lookout for detecting fraud. [69] Experts stated that there is no reliable evidence of widespread voter fraud in the United States, [69] and a Texas study of elections over a decade determined that there were about three cases of fraud for every one million votes in the state. [70]

During the 2020 election season, which played out amid the coronavirus pandemic, Paxton filed a lawsuit against Harris County Clerk Chris Hollins to stop him from sending applications for absentee ballots accompanied by instructions regarding eligibility to all of registered voters in the county. [71] Paxton lost in the trial court and in the intermediate court of appeals, but the Texas Supreme Court reversed and directed the trial court to enter an injunction. [72] The mail-vote promotion is part and parcel of Hollins' package of innovative measures to reduce the COVID infection risk of in-person voting while maximizing opportunities for all voters to participate under pandemic conditions. [73] [74] The Republican Party of Texas is opposed to expansion of voting by mail and other accommodations, and filed its own legal actions seeking to enjoin Hollins by court order. [75]

Religion in schools

Paxton "has often criticized what he calls anti-Christian discrimination in Texas schools." [76] In 2015, Paxton opposed an atheist group's legal action seeking a halt to the reading of religious prayers before school board meetings. [76] In December 2016, Paxton gained attention after intervening in a dispute in Killeen, Texas, in which a middle school principal told a nurse's aide to take down a six-foot poster in the school containing a quote from Christian scripture. Paxton sided with the aide, who won in court. [76]

In early 2017 Paxton objected to a Texas school's use of an empty classroom to allow its Muslim students to pray, issuing a press release that claimed that "the high school's prayer room is ... apparently excluding students of other faiths." School officials said that Paxton had never asked them about this assertion, and that the room was a spare room used by faculty and non-Muslim students as well as for multiple activities, from grading papers to Buddhist meditation. The Frisco Independent School District superintendent, in a letter sent in response to Paxton, called his press release "a publicity stunt by the [Office of Attorney General] to politicize a nonissue." [76] [77] [78]

Gerrymandering

Paxton has defended the State of Texas in a federal lawsuit involving the drawing of Texas's gerrymandered congressional districts. In 2017, a three-judge panel of a U.S. federal court based in San Antonio ruled that the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature drew congressional-district to discriminate against minority voters, and ordered the redrawing of Texas's 35th and 27th congressional districts. Paxton is appealing the ruling, contending that the previous maps were lawful, and vowed to "aggressively defend the maps on all fronts"; U.S. Representative Lloyd Doggett criticized the appeal as a "desperate, highly questionable Paxton-Abbott maneuver" coming "after yet another ruling against the state of Texas for intentional discrimination." [79]

Affordable Care Act

Paxton initiated a lawsuit seeking to have the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) ruled unconstitutional in its entirety. [80]

Coronavirus pandemic

In 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic, Paxton threatened to file lawsuits against local governments unless they rescinded stay-at-home orders and rescinded rules regarding the use of face masks to combat the spread of coronavirus. [81] The city of Austin encouraged restaurants to keep logs of contact information, so as to as to ensure contact tracing in the event of an outbreak; Paxton described this as "Orwellian." [82]

Paxton opposed an expansion of absentee voting to voters who lack immunity to coronavirus. [83] A county district judge found that such voters should be granted absentee votes under a provision that gives disabled individuals access to absentee votes. [83] After the ruling, Paxton publicly contradicted the ruling, leading votings rights advocates to file a lawsuit against Paxton for misleading voters about their eligibility to cast mail-in ballots. [83] [84]

In September 2020, a state appeals court rejected Paxton's request for an injunction seeking to halt sending absentee ballot applications to some 2.4 million registered voters in Harris County, a heavily Democratic county encompassing Houston. [85] [86]

In October 2020, seven of Paxton's top aides published a letter that accused Paxton of improper influence, abuse of office, bribery and other crimes, and said they had provided information to law enforcement and asked them to investigate. [87] [88] The letter was signed by First Assistant Attorney General Jeff Mateer, and some other top aides. [88] Paxton denied misconduct and said he would not resign. [88] [89] By the end of the month, all of them had either been fired, quit, or put on leave. [90]

Securities litigation

Securities and Exchange Commission civil action

On April 11, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filed a civil enforcement action against Paxton in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. The SEC's complaint specifically charged Paxton with violating various provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 and various provisions (including Rule 10b-5) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 by defrauding the Servergy investors. [91] Paxton denied the allegations. [92] [93] [94] [95] One of the defendants and Servergy itself reached a separate settlement with the SEC, agreeing to pay $260,000 in penalties. [96]

On October 7, 2016, U.S. District Judge Amos L. Mazzant III conditionally dismissed the SEC's civil fraud charges, finding the SEC had not alleged Paxton had any legal obligation to inform investors that he was receiving a commission and giving the SEC two weeks to refile with any new allegations. [97] Mazzant said that the SEC was trying to fit a "square peg into a round hole." [98]

On October 22, 2016, the SEC refiled its securities fraud claims against Paxton. [99] The SEC made the additional allegations that Paxton and Cook's investment club required all of its members to accept the same risks on all investments and that it specifically forbade members from making money off investments of other members. [99] The SEC further alleged that Paxton did not properly disclose his Severgy ownership stake on his taxes and that he attempted to conceal the stake by at different times claiming it was his fee for legal services, that it was a gift, and that he had only received it after investing money. [96] Cook later backtracked on these claims, undermining the SEC case against Paxton, when Cook's attorney conceded there was never a "formal investment group" involving Cook and Paxton but rather an "ad hoc arrangement where, from time to time, good friends might invest in the same transaction" with the particular participants varying from transaction to transaction. [100]

On March 2, 2017, Mazzant dismissed the civil securities fraud case against Paxton for a second time on grounds that the attorney general had "no plausible legal duty" to inform investors that he would earn a commission if they purchased stock in a technical company that Paxton represented. [101] With the second dismissal of the case with prejudice, the SEC could not bring new action on the same claim against Paxton. [102] The dismissal of the SEC case did not have a direct impact on the state criminal case, which remained pending. However, the burden of proof in criminal court is higher than in civil court. [103] [97]

State securities fraud charges

On July 28, 2015, a state grand jury indicted Paxton on three criminal charges: [104] two counts of securities fraud (a first-degree felony) and one count of failing to register with state securities regulators (a third-degree felony). [105] [106] Paxton's indictment marked the first such criminal indictment of a Texas Attorney General in thirty-two years since Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox was indicted for bribery in 1983. [107] The complainants in the case are Joel Hochberg, a Florida businessman and Byron Cook, a former Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives. [108] [109] Paxton and Cook were former friends and roommates while serving together in the Texas House. [109] Three special prosecutors were trying the state's case. [110]

The state prosecution against Paxton grows out of Paxton selling shares of Servergy Inc., a technology company, to investors in 2011. Prosecutors allege that Paxton sold shares of Servergy to investors (raising $840,000) while failing to disclose that he was receiving compensation from the company in the form of 100,000 shares of stock in return. Paxton says the 100,000 shares of stock he received from Servergy's founder and CEO were a gift, and not a sales commission, and they were provided to Paxton long before the sales transactions occurred. [92]

On August 3, 2015, following the unsealing of the grand jury indictment, [104] Paxton was arrested and booked. [111] He pleaded not guilty, and has portrayed "the case against him as a political witch-hunt." [112] Paxton and his supporters claim that the prosecution has its origin in a dispute among Texas Republicans, with conservatives like Paxton on one side and moderates like Cook on the other, and suggest that Cook's complaint, several years after the Servergy deal, was political payback. [109] The Wall Street Journal editorial board has called the prosecution politically motivated and compared it to previous Texas prosecutions that eventually were thrown out of court such as the Tom Delay and Rick Perry cases. [113]

Paxton unsuccessfully sought to quash the indictments. [114] This challenge was rejected by the trial judge, the Fifth Court of Appeals, and the Court of Criminal Appeals, Texas' criminal court of last resort. [110]

Paxton's trial has been delayed multiple times [115] [116] over side issues, such as the venue where the trial will take place and the amount of the special prosecutors' fees. [117] In March 2017, District Judge George Gallagher, a Republican from Fort Worth, granted the prosecution's motion for a change of venue, moving the trial to Houston in Harris County. Gallagher also denied Paxton's motion to dismiss one of the charges against him because of issues which arose about the grand jury. [118] On May 30, 2017, the Fifth Court of Appeals of Texas agreed with Paxton that the transfer of Paxton's trial to Houston required assignment of the case to a new judge to replace Judge Gallagher and all orders issued by Judge Gallagher after the change of venue were voided. [119] The current judge in the case is Robert Johnson of the 177th District Court in Harris County. Johnson was chosen at random to preside. [120]

In November 2018, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals invalidated the trial court's order approving of payments of attorneys' fees to the special prosecutors in the case, and directed the lower court to issue payments "in accordance with an approved fee schedule," siding with county commissioners in Paxton's home county of Collin County, who had rejected the prosecutors's invoice. [121] The special prosecutors in the case have suggested that if they are not paid, they could withdraw from prosecution of Paxton. [121] The special prosecutors filed a motion for reconsideration in the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals in December 2018. [122] In June 2019, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals declined to reconsider the motion, thus upholding the November 2018 ruling. [123] Shortly thereafter, one of three prosecutors pursuing criminal charges against Paxton asked to step down from the case. [124]

Paxton filed a motion to move the case from Harris County to his native Collin County, in 2019. [125] Judge Robert Johnson granted Paxton's defense team's motion in June 2020; the prosecution is appealing. [117]

Electoral history

Attorney General elections

Texas Attorney General Election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 4,172,599 50.60
Democratic Justin Nelson 3,873,186 47.00
Libertarian Michael Ray Harris 200,407 2.40
Texas Attorney General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 2,743,473 58.82
Democratic Sam Houston 1,773,250 38.02
Libertarian Jamie Balagia 118,197 2.53
Green Jamar Osborne 29,591 0.63
Texas Attorney General Republican Primary Runoff Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 466,407 63.41
Republican Dan Branch 269,098 36.59
Texas Attorney General Republican Primary Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 569,034 44.45
Republican Dan Branch 428,325 33.46
Republican Barry Smitherman 282,701 22.08

Texas Senate 8th district election

Texas Senate 8th District Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 178,238 62.29
Democratic Jack Ternan, Jr. 99,010 34.60
Libertarian Ed Kless 8,899 3.11

Texas House 70th district elections

Texas House of Representatives 70th District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton (inc.) 43,006 100.00
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton (inc.) 73,450 86.21
Libertarian Robert Virasin 11,751 13.79
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton (inc.) 30,062 69.03
Democratic Rick Koster 12,265 28.16
Libertarian Robert Virasin 1,222 2.81
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton (inc.) 58,250 76.03
Democratic Martin Woodward 18,451 23.97
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 28,012 78.50
Democratic Fred Lusk 7,074 19.82
Libertarian Robert Worthington 600 1.68
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Republican Primary Runoff Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 2,775 63.33
Republican Bill Vitz 1,607 36.67
Texas House of Representatives 70th District Republican Primary Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Paxton 2,168 39.45
Republican Bill Vitz 1,171 21.31
Republican Matt Matthews 1,100 20.02
Republican Robert Rankins 954 17.36
Republican Harry Pierce 102 1.86

References

  1. ^ "Mr. Warren Kenneth Paxton Jr". State Bar of Texas. Archived from the original on October 4, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  2. ^ Weber, Paul J. (August 4, 2015). "Indicted Texas attorney general rode tea party to power". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  3. ^ Langford, Cameron (June 19, 2019). "Prosecutors Hit New Roadblock in Texas AG's Criminal Case". Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  4. ^ Lindell, Tony Plohetski and Chuck. "Texas AG Ken Paxton took bribes and abused office, top aides say in call for federal investigation". USA TODAY. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  5. ^ Platoff, Emma (October 6, 2020). "As Ken Paxton faces criminal allegations, an agency at war with itself must carry on the state's business". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  6. ^ Editorial Board (October 5, 2020). "Editorial: Enough scandal. Paxton should resign as Texas attorney general in face of new allegations". HoustonChronicle.com. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  7. ^ AP Sources: FBI is investigating Texas attorney general, Associated Press
  8. ^ a b c d e Andrea Zelinski, "Paxton's career, life marked by beating barriers", San Antonio Express-News, December 24, 2016, pp, 1, A8, accessdate=December 27, 2016
  9. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (October 11, 2014). "Ken Paxton waging shadow campaign for attorney general seat". San Antonio Express-News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  10. ^ "Texas House official election results for 2002 and Republican Primary Election 2002". Elections.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  11. ^ "Texas House official election results for 2004". Elections.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  12. ^ "Texas House official election results for 2006". Elections.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  13. ^ "Texas House official election results for 2008". Elections.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  14. ^ "Rep. Ken Paxton announces bid for Texas House Speaker". The Ellis County Press. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  15. ^ "Huck Pac – Candidates". huckpac.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  16. ^ "National Rifle Association – Political Victory Fund, Texas". nrapvf.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
  17. ^ "TSRA PAC – Voters Guide" (PDF). tcrapac.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.[ permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". team1.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  19. ^ "Texas – Summary Vote Results". Associated Press. May 28, 2014. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  20. ^ Grissom, Brandi. Tea Party Conservatives Win Top GOP Runoff Contests Archived March 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune, May 28, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  21. ^ Philip Balli, "Two vie for state AG post", Laredo Morning Times, October 16, 2014, p. 3A
  22. ^ Blanchard, Bobby (January 5, 2015). "Top Texas Officials on Hand as Paxton is Sworn In". Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  23. ^ Lindell, Chuck (July 15, 2016). "Ken Paxton campaign takes in almost $945,000". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on October 2, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  24. ^ Election Returns. Texas Secretary of State (November 6, 2018). Retrieved on November 10, 2018.
  25. ^ "Texas Attorney General election, 2018". Ballotpedia. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Pants on Fire: Ken Paxton's claim about 600,000 Texas crimes". @politifact. Archived from the original on September 7, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  27. ^ a b Liptak, Adam; Shear, Michael (January 19, 2016). "Supreme Court to Hear Challenge to Obama Immigration Actions". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 22, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  28. ^ Hurley, Lawrence (June 24, 2016). "Split Supreme Court blocks Obama immigration plan". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016..
  29. ^ Texas leads 10 states in urging Trump to end Obama-era immigration program Archived September 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune, Julián Aguilar, June 29, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  30. ^ SPLC denounces letter from 10 Attorneys General seeking "cruel and heartless" repeal of DACA Archived September 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Southern Poverty Law Center, June 30, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  31. ^ Leif Reigstad, Paxton Says Eminent Domain is Okay to Build Trump's Border Wall Archived August 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Monthly, March 28, 2017.
  32. ^ James Barragán (March 27, 2017). "Texas AG Paxton leads 13-state coalition backing Trump's revised immigration orders". Dallas News. Archived from the original on April 29, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  33. ^ Chuck Lindell (June 6, 2017). "Ken Paxton asks Supreme Court to uphold Trump travel ban". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  34. ^ "Ken Paxton files preeminent lawsuit to protect sanctuary cities ban". Texas Monthly. May 9, 2017. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
  35. ^ a b Malewitz, Jim (September 26, 2016). "Paxton Blasts Clean Power Plan Ahead of High-Profile Legal Arguments". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  36. ^ Sadasivam, Naveena (September 26, 2016). "Paxton: 'No Evidence' Obama's Clean Power Plan Will Mitigate Climate Change". Texas Observer. Archived from the original on September 28, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  37. ^ Mayberry, Ed (October 3, 2016). "Appeals Court To Consider EPA's Plan To Limit Coal-fired Power Plant Emissions". Houston Public Media. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  38. ^ Young, Stephen (September 21, 2016). "State of Texas Sues to Stop New Federal Overtime Rules". Dallas Observer. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  39. ^ Svitek, Patrick (September 20, 2016). "Texas Sues Obama Administration Over New Overtime Rule". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  40. ^ "Paxton Stacks AG's Office With Anti-LGBT Culture Warriors". The Austin Chronicle. April 12, 2016. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  41. ^ Garrett, Robert T. (June 28, 2015). "Texas AG Ken Paxton lends moral support to clerks who refuse gay marriages". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  42. ^ a b John Wright, Paxton's Transgender Bathroom Lawsuit Goes to Court Friday Archived May 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Observer (August 9, 2016).
  43. ^ Richardson, Bradford (July 7, 2016). "Texas AG leads fight against Obama's bathroom order". Washington Times. Archived from the original on July 13, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  44. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (July 6, 2016). "Texas AG Ken Paxton wants court to halt Obama edict on transgender bathrooms before school starts". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  45. ^ Eleven U.S. states to drop suit over transgender bathroom order Archived April 21, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Reuters (March 2, 2017).
  46. ^ Marquez, Denise (May 10, 2016). "Paxton joins challenge against Department of Labor's Persuader Rule". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  47. ^ Wheeler, Lydia (June 7, 2016). "Judge temporarily blocks DOL union 'persuader rule'". The Hill. Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  48. ^ a b Andrea Zelinski, Paxton again sides with Exxon Mobil in climate change probe: 11 attorneys general suing to block probe by Massachusetts Archived September 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Houston Chronicle (September 9, 2016).
  49. ^ a b Zelinski, Andrea (September 9, 2016). "Paxton accuses Massachusetts AG of climate change 'witch-hunt'". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  50. ^ a b Yack, Austin (September 15, 2016). "Texas's AG Pushes Back on the 'Green 20' Coalition's Anti-ExxonMobil Subpoenas". National Review. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  51. ^ Malewitz, Jim (June 27, 2016). "A Closer Look at the Texas Twist in Fight Between Exxon, Virgin Islands". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  52. ^ "2nd Circuit Affirms $450 Million Settlement In Apple E-Book Antitrust Suit". Lexis Legal News. February 19, 2016. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  53. ^ "Apple to pay millions for its role in scheme to inflate e-book prices". Kingsville Record & Bishop News. March 9, 2016. Archived from the original on November 5, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  54. ^ Collier, Kiah (June 28, 2016). "Texas Gets $50 Million in Massive Volkswagen Settlement". Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  55. ^ "Texas sues Delaware over MoneyGram payments". KVUE. June 9, 2015. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  56. ^ a b Livington, Abby (June 9, 2016). "Texas Launches Lawsuit Against Delaware over Unclaimed Checks". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  57. ^ Cobler, Nicole; Collier, Kiah (September 15, 2016). "Lawsuit Backed by Ken Paxton Could Spell Trouble for 21 Texas School Districts". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  58. ^ Haurwitz, Ralph K.M. (August 2, 2016). "Paxton wants UT professors' campus carry gun lawsuit tossed". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  59. ^ Pattani, Aneri (August 2, 2016). "Paxton Says "Frivolous" Campus Carry Lawsuit Has No Merit". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  60. ^ Platoff, Cassandra Pollock and Emma (August 17, 2018). "Federal appeals court upholds Texas campus carry law". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  61. ^ Silver, Johnathan (July 28, 2016). "Paxton Sues to Get Guns Into Austin City Hall". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  62. ^ Samuels, Alex (January 17, 2019). "Travis County court says Austin must allow guns in its city hall, siding with Ken Paxton". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  63. ^ Michael Wines, Illegal Voting Gets Texas Woman 8 Years in Prison, and Certain Deportation Archived May 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New York Times (February 10, 2017).
  64. ^ Jessica Huseman, State's failures led to voter ID problems in 2016 Archived May 5, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, ProPublica (May 2, 2017).
  65. ^ Fauzeya Rahman, "State seeks Bexar records tied to possible voter fraud: AG's office cites elections last year," San Antonio Express-News], February 17, 2017, p, A4
  66. ^ a b David Saleh Rauf (February 19, 2017). "AP Exclusive: Hundreds of Texans may have voted improperly". Associated Press. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  67. ^ Manny Fernandez, Federal Judge Says Texas Voter ID Law Intentionally Discriminates Archived May 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New York Times (April 10, 2017).
  68. ^ "R.I.P. voter ID in Texas? Let us hope" (editorial), San Antonio Express-News, February 17, 2017, p, A12
  69. ^ a b Alex Swoyer (March 14, 2017). "Texas attorney general backs up Trump claim of noncitizens voting at polls". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on March 17, 2017. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  70. ^ Ross Ramsey, Analysis: Scant Evidence for Abbott's "Rampant" Voter Fraud Archived June 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune (January 25, 2017).
  71. ^ "State of Texas v. Chris Hollins, No. 14-20-00627-CV (Tex.App.- Houston, Sep. 18, 2020)".
  72. ^ Coleman, Justine (October 7, 2020). "Texas Supreme Court rules major county can't mail ballot applications to all voters". TheHill. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  73. ^ "Drive-through Voting. 24-Hour Polling Places. Finger Condoms. Welcome to Election 2020 in Harris County". Texas Monthly. September 24, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  74. ^ York, Erum Salam Sam Levine in New (October 1, 2020). "Outrage as Texas governor orders closure of multiple ballot drop-off sites". The Guardian. ISSN  0261-3077. Archived from the original on October 1, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  75. ^ Svitek, Patrick (September 2, 2020). "Texas Supreme Court Temporarily Blocks Harris County From Sending Mail-in Ballot Applications To All Its Voters". Houston Public Media. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  76. ^ a b c d Selk, Avi, The Texas AG sued to keep a Bible quote in school. Now he's troubled by Muslim prayers Archived March 19, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Post (March 19, 2017).
  77. ^ Valerie Wigglesworth, Texas AG's concerns over legality of Frisco high school's prayer room called 'publicity stunt' by school district Archived March 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Dallas Morning News (March 17, 2017).
  78. ^ School refutes Texas AG's concerns over Muslim prayer room, Associated Press (March 17, 2017).
  79. ^ Chuck Lindell, Texas appeals ruling requiring new congressional districts Archived August 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Austin American-Statesman (August 18, 2017).
  80. ^ "Federal judge in Texas rules Obama health-care law unconstitutional". Washington Post. 2018. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018.
  81. ^ Platoff, Emma (May 12, 2020). "Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton warns Austin, San Antonio, Dallas to loosen coronavirus restrictions". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on May 13, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  82. ^ "Texas AG Ken Paxton calls local coronavirus orders 'unlawful,' 'Orwellian'". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 13, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  83. ^ a b c Fernández, Stacy (May 12, 2020). "Complaint filed over Texas AG Ken Paxton's tactics to limit mail-in voting". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on May 17, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  84. ^ Goldenstein, Taylor (May 11, 2020). "Voters file criminal complaint against AG Paxton over mail-in voting threats". HoustonChronicle.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  85. ^ Lindell, Chuck. "2nd court rejects Paxton bid to halt Harris County vote by mail plan". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  86. ^ Wines, Michael; Corasaniti, Nick (September 18, 2020). "In the Most Litigated Election Ever, Early Democratic Wins but Few Clear Signals". Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  87. ^ Plohetski, Tony. "Top aides accuse Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton of bribery, abusing office". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  88. ^ a b c Dakin Andone & Chuck Johnston, Top aides to Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton have accused him of bribery and abuse of office, CNN (October 4, 2020).
  89. ^ Platoff, Emma (October 22, 2020). "Second whistleblower fired from Texas attorney general's office after accusing Ken Paxton of bribery". texastribune.org. The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  90. ^ Platoff, Emily. "All seven of Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton's Whistleblowers Have Resigned, Been Fired or Put On Leave". The Texas Tribune.
  91. ^ SEC: Company Misled Investors About Energy-Efficient Technology Archived April 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Securities and Exchange Commission (press release) (April 12, 2016).
  92. ^ a b Soloman, Dan (April 12, 2016). "Ken Paxton's Legal Battles, Explained". Texas Monthly. Archived from the original on July 20, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  93. ^ Martha Neil, SEC sues Texas AG Ken Paxton for securities fraud; his lawyer 'vehemently denies' claims Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, ABA Journal (April 11, 2016).
  94. ^ Chuck Lindell, SEC accuses Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton of fraud Archived April 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Austin American-Statesman (April 11, 2016).
  95. ^ Lauren McGaughy, Feds charge Texas AG Ken Paxton with fraud Archived April 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Dallas Morning News (April 11, 2016).
  96. ^ a b McGaughy, Lauren (October 21, 2016). "SEC revives federal fraud case against Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  97. ^ a b Korosec, Tom (October 7, 2016). "Texas Attorney General Paxton Gets SEC Fraud Suit Tossed". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  98. ^ Svitek, Patrick (September 2, 2016). "In Ken Paxton Case, SEC Lawyers Face Skeptical Judge". Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 21, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  99. ^ a b Lindell, Chuck (October 21, 2016). "SEC revises, refiles fraud complaint against Ken Paxton". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 23, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  100. ^ McDonald, Tony. Is Cook Backpedaling to save himself?, Empower Texans, January 22, 2017.
  101. ^ Platoff, Emma. Ken Paxton’s criminal trial has been pending for nearly four years. Here’s a timeline of his legal drama. Archived July 10, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune, June 19, 2019.
  102. ^ Andrea Zelinski, "Paxton's SEC charge dismissed: No 'legal duty' to disclose commission, San Antonio Express-News, March 3, 2017, p. A3
  103. ^ Lauren McGaughy, Judge tosses civil fraud charges against Attorney General Ken Paxton Archived May 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Dallas Morning News (March 2, 2017).
  104. ^ a b Herskovitz, Jon; Whitcomb, Dan (August 1, 2015). "Texas attorney general indicted by grand jury on fraud charges: reports". Reuters. Archived from the original on June 9, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  105. ^ Lindell, Chuck (April 12, 2017). "Ken Paxton trial to begin in September, judge says". Austin American Statesman. Archived from the original on April 14, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  106. ^ Weber, Paul J. (August 3, 2015). "Ken Paxton Indicted". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 21, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  107. ^ "Grand Jury Indicts Texas Attorney General, Ken Paxton, on Felony Charges". The New York Times. August 1, 2015. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  108. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (August 3, 2015). "Attorney General Ken Paxton indicted on felony fraud charges". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
  109. ^ a b c Lindell, Chuck (July 28, 2016). "Ken Paxton: Is his legal trouble motivated by politics?". Austin American-Statesman. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
  110. ^ a b McGaughy, Lauren (October 12, 2016). "Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton headed for felony fraud trial after high court refuses his last appeal". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  111. ^ "Paxton will plead not guilty, ask for jury trial". Dallas Morning News. Trailblazersblog.dallasnews.com. August 3, 2015. Archived from the original on August 5, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  112. ^ Morgan Smith, Paxton Pleads Not Guilty; Lead Lawyer Quits Case Archived March 31, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune (August 27, 2015).
  113. ^ Texas Political Prosecution Archived July 12, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Wall Street Journal, August 20, 2017.
  114. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (August 2, 2016). "Texas AG Ken Paxton appeals fraud case again in final attempt to quash felony indictments". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  115. ^ Cindy George and Andrea Zelinski, Texas AG Paxton to stand trial in December, judge rules Archived August 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Houston Chronicle (July 27, 2017).
  116. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (June 29, 2018). "Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton won't go on trial for alleged crimes before Election Day experts say". DallasNews.com. Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  117. ^ a b Emma Platoff, Criminal case against Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton will return to his native Collin County, judge rules Archived October 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune (June 25, 2020).
  118. ^ Andrea Zelinski, Judge decides to move Paxton’s trial to another county Archived April 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, San Antonio Express-News, March 31, 2017, pp. A3-A4.
  119. ^ Lindell, Chuck (May 30, 2017). "Appeals court backs Ken Paxton bid for new judge". Austin American Statesman. Archived from the original on June 7, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  120. ^ "New Face, Same Case," Texas Monthly, June 14, 2017.
  121. ^ a b Patrick Svitek & Emma Platoff, Texas Court of Criminal Appeals rules against prosecutors in Ken Paxton payment case Archived January 19, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune (November 21, 2018).
  122. ^ Emma Platoff, In fiery filing, Ken Paxton prosecutors ask Texas court to undo "patently absurd result" in pay case Archived March 22, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Texas Tribune (December 27, 2018).
  123. ^ Platoff, Emma (June 19, 2019). "Criminal case against Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton remains threatened after court upholds prosecutor pay decision". Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  124. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (July 1, 2019). "Special prosecutor asks to step down from Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton's case". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  125. ^ Goldenstein, Taylor (July 26, 2019). "Indicted AG Ken Paxton seeks to move his criminal case to his home turf". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Archived from the original on August 23, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.

External links

Texas House of Representatives
Preceded by
David Counts
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 70th district

2003–2013
Succeeded by
Scott Sanford
Texas Senate
Preceded by
Florence Shapiro
Member of the Texas Senate
from the 8th district

2013–2015
Succeeded by
Van Taylor
Legal offices
Preceded by
Greg Abbott
Attorney General of Texas
2015–present
Incumbent