Progressive National Baptist Convention
|Progressive National Baptist Convention|
|President||Rev. Dr. Timothy Stewart|
National Council of Churches|
Baptist World Alliance
|Founder||L. Venchael Booth|
|Separated from||National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.|
|Members||1.5 million (2017) |
The Progressive National Baptist Convention (PNBC), incorporated as the Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc., is a mainline predominantly African American Baptist denomination emphasizing civil rights and social justice.  The headquarters of the Progressive National Baptist Convention are in Washington, D.C.  Since its organization, the denomination has member churches outside the United States, particularly in the Caribbean and Europe. It is a member of the National Council of Churches and the Baptist World Alliance.  
The Progressive National Baptist Convention formed in 1961 after civil-rights-oriented Baptist ministers, led by Martin Luther King Jr., failed to replace Joseph H. Jackson, the long-time head of the National Baptist Convention (NBC USA).   The older group stood aloof from the civil rights movement which was often led by local Baptist ministers;  the National Baptist Convention (NBC USA) often preached spiritual salvation rather than political activism. The dissidents nominated Gardner C. Taylor as president of the NBC USA.  After an hour-long fist fight[ citation needed] between reformers and standpatters, in which one elderly minister was accidentally killed, Jackson's supporters won. King was ousted from the NBC USA and his goal of using the united power of the black Baptist community to promote civil rights came to nothing.  His defeat prompted the formation of the new African American Baptist denomination. 
Thirty-three delegates from 14 states gathered at Zion Baptist Church in Cincinnati to discuss the issue.  The vote to organize passed by one vote. L. Venchael Booth, pastor of Zion Baptist in Cincinnati, was the unheralded founder of the movement as documented by former Christianity Today Associate Editor Edward Gilbreath.[ citation needed] The convention was originally formed as the "Progressive Baptist Convention" and word "National" was added to the name in 1962. The convention has grown from the original founding numbers to member congregations throughout the United States, the Caribbean, Europe and Africa.
Following a path of political activism, the Progressive National Baptist Convention supported groups such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and methods such as affirmative action. Famous civil rights leaders who were members of the PNBC include Martin Luther King Jr., Benjamin Mays, Ralph Abernathy, Wyatt Tee Walker, and Gardner C. Taylor. The Progressive National Baptist Convention bills the "progressive concept" as "fellowship, progress, and peace."
The Progressive National Baptist Convention celebrated its 50th Annual Session in Washington, D.C. in August 2011.  The PBNC has partnered with the predominantly white mainline American Baptist Churches in the USA since 1970. In 1995, one study asserted the convention had 741 affiliated churches, while another claimed they had over 2,500,000 members in 2,000 churches. A number of the churches are dually aligned with the National Baptist Convention (NBC USA).
The Progressive National Baptist Convention recognizes the ordination of women, a practice not widely followed by Baptist groups.  Likewise, the Progressive National Baptist Convention allows locally autonomous congregations to determine policy regarding same-sex marriages, and the PNBC has not taken an official stance on the issue, leaving room for diversity of opinion.  In contrast with the National Baptist Convention (NBC USA) and National Baptist Convention of America, the Progressive National Baptist Convention is overall mainline Protestant, forgoing many traditional Baptist doctrines.
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