|Elevation||2,922 ft (891 m)|
|Parent range||Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians|
|Mountain type||Synclinal Ridge|
The mountain is divided into northern and southern sections, divided by the New Market Gap. The northern section consists of 3 roughly parallel ridges, forming 2 valleys. The wider, main valley, is called Fort Valley, while the smaller one is known as Little Fort Valley. The ridges of the northern section converge at New Market Gap. The southern section consists of a series of closely gathered ridges, separated by precipitous creek gorges.
On the eastern side of the mountain range lie the Page Valley and the Blue Ridge Mountains. On the western side lie the North-Central Shenandoah Valley and the Great North Mountain of the Alleghany Mountains.
Most of the range is part of the Lee Ranger District of the George Washington National Forest and contains the Elizabeth Furnace and Camp Roosevelt recreational areas. The Potomac Appalachian Trail Club maintains the Massanutten Trail as well as several other hiking trails in the forest. Signal Knob, a former Civil War signal station on the northern peak of the mountain, is a popular destination.  The forest service also maintains several ATV trails.
In 1971, the Massanutten Mountain ski lodge and four-season resort village was established near the southern peak. The private resort has nearly doubled in size since Great Eastern Resorts bought it in 1995.
Wildlife on Massanutten includes black bear, coyotes, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, timber rattlesnake, and luna moths. Significant flora includes mayapple, bluets, wild lupine, cardinal flower, and pinxter flower.
The geology of the Massanutten Mountains is dominated by Silurian Massanutten Sandstone, a lateral equivalent of the Tuscarora Formation in the Appalachian Mountains to the west, overlying the Ordovician Martinsburg Formation. Erosion of the Martinsburg shale in some areas of the mountain caused the sandstone to break and slide to form talus slopes. The Massanutten Sandstone is folded in a synclinorium, and it outcrops at the ridge tops. 
- Massanutten Peak
- Green Mountain
- Three Top Mountain
- Powell Mountain
- Little Crease Mountain
- Short Mountain
- Mertins Rock
- Bowman Mountain
- Kerns Mountain
- Catback Mountain
- Waterfall Mountain
- First Mountain
- Second Mountain
- Third Mountain
- Fourth Mountain
- "SummitPost - Signal Knob". Summit Post. December 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Frye, Keith. Roadside Geology of Virginia. Mountain Press Publishing Company; Missoula, 1986.