Rosslyn station

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Rosslyn
WMATA Metro Logo.svg WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg rapid transit station
Rosslyn station showing upper level platform pylons.jpg
Location1850 North Moore Street, Rosslyn, Virginia
Owned by WMATA
Platforms2 split platforms (1 on each level)
Tracks2 (1 on each level)
ConnectionsBus transport Arlington Transit: 45, 55, 61
Bus transport Metrobus: 4A, 4B, 5A, 15K, 38B
Bus transport DC Circulator:
  Rosslyn – GeorgetownDupont
Bus transport Loudoun County Transit
Bus transport Georgetown University Shuttle
Bus transport Ride Smart Northern Shenandoah Valley
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Depth103 feet (31 m) (upper level)
117 feet (36 m) (lower level) [1] [2] [3]
Platform levels2
Bicycle facilities20 racks
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeC05
History
OpenedJuly 1, 1977; 44 years ago (July 1, 1977)
Passengers
201712,436 daily [4]Decrease 5.75%
Services
Preceding station WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro Following station
Arlington Cemetery Blue Line Foggy Bottom–GWU
Court House Silver Line
Court House
toward Vienna
Orange Line Foggy Bottom–GWU

Rosslyn /ˈrɒzlɪn/ is the westernmost station on the shared segment of the Blue, Orange, and Silver lines of the Washington Metro. It is located in the Rosslyn neighborhood of Arlington, Virginia, United States. Rosslyn is the first station in Virginia heading westward from the District on the Orange and Silver Lines and southward on the Blue Lines. It is one of four interchange points on the Metrorail system west of the Potomac River and located in a growing business district.

Depending on the year, Rosslyn is the busiest, or one of the busiest stations outside the District of Columbia, along with Pentagon City and Pentagon, which are also in Arlington, and Silver Spring and Shady Grove in Montgomery County, Maryland. Rosslyn is the biggest choke point of the Metro system. Due to this, planners are considering adding another station in the Rosslyn neighborhood, possibly as part of an inner loop through Washington and Arlington. [5]

Location

The station has entrances on the west side of North Moore Street between Wilson Boulevard and 19th Street North and on the east side of Fort Myer Drive between Wilson Boulevard and 19th Street North. A bank of three high-speed street elevators to the mezzanine (upper) level of the station is on the east side of North Moore Street, across the street from the station entrance. The station is a stop for several express Metrobus lines, including the 5A to Washington Dulles International Airport and L'Enfant Plaza.

History

The station opened on July 1, 1977. [6] Its opening coincided with the completion of 11.8 miles (19.0 km) [7] of rail between National Airport and RFK Stadium and the opening of the Arlington Cemetery, Capitol South, Crystal City, Eastern Market, Farragut West, Federal Center SW, Federal Triangle, Foggy Bottom–GWU, L'Enfant Plaza, McPherson Square, National Airport, Pentagon, Pentagon City, Potomac Avenue, Smithsonian and Stadium–Armory stations. [8] Orange Line service to the station began upon the line's opening on November 20, 1978. [9]

Station layout

Rosslyn is one of two stations (the other being the Pentagon station on the Blue and Yellow Lines) at which westbound trains serve a platform that is a level below the mezzanine-level platform for eastbound trains. This allows for trains to converge inbound and diverge outbound via a flying junction to avoid an at-grade crossing. [10] This ensures that no trains traveling in opposite directions share a track. [11]

An indicator sign at the south end of the station flashes to inform passengers of the arriving train's destination, showing Orange for Vienna, Blue for Franconia-Springfield, and Silver for Reston. This feature is only used at final transfer stations; another example being Stadium-Armory station.

Rosslyn is the deepest station on the three lines servicing it. The mezzanine and upper platform are 103 feet (31 m) below the Fort Myer Drive street-level entrance; the lower platform is 117 feet (36 m) below the entrance. [12] [13] [14] This because its neighborhood is on a bluff over the Potomac River, while its shared rail line into Washington passes through a rock-bored tunnel up to 101 feet (31 m) [15] beneath the river surface. The station's depth also takes advantage of the strength and watertightness of the bedrock 40 feet (12 m) below the surface. [16] An escalator ride between the street and mezzanine levels takes about three minutes. [17]

It is one of three stations on the Metro with platform-level fare gates and elevators (the other two being the Pentagon and Tenleytown–AU stations). A new bank of three high-speed elevators and an expanded mezzanine opened officially on October 7, 2013. [18] It replaces the original single street elevator, cutting elevator transit time from about a minute to about 17 seconds. The underground hallway to the new elevator bank contains a four-coffered arch like most underground stops on the Red Line that were opened after 1980. This is the only stop on the Blue, Orange, and Silver Lines with this arch. It is also the only stop in the system that contains both the waffle and four-coffer arch design.

G Street level Exit/entrance, buses
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, ticket machines, station agent
B2 Side platform
Eastbound WMATA Blue.svg  WMATA Silver.svg toward Largo Town Center ( Foggy Bottom–GWU)
WMATA Orange.svg toward New Carrollton ( Foggy Bottom–GWU)
B3 Westbound WMATA Blue.svg toward Franconia–Springfield ( Arlington Cemetery)
WMATA Silver.svg toward Wiehle–Reston East ( Court House)
WMATA Orange.svg toward Vienna/Fairfax–GMU ( Court House)
Side platform

Notable places nearby

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Darling, Lynn (July 3, 1977). "An Effect of Metro". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  2. ^ Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (August 1983). Metrorail Station Area Planning: A Metrorail before-and-After Study Report (PDF). p. 72. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  3. ^ Rosslyn Magazine: Discover A New Horizon, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Summer 2006, p. 21.
  4. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. May 2017. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  5. ^ "Metro considers building 'inner loop' of new stations to ease congestion in system's core". The Washington Post.
  6. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (July 1, 1977), "Today, Metro could be U.S. model", The Washington Post, p. A1
  7. ^ "Sequence of Metrorail openings" (PDF). WMATA. 2017. p. 3. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  8. ^ Staff Reporters (June 24, 1977), "Metro's newest stations: Where they are, what's nearby", The Washington Post
  9. ^ Eisen, Jack; John Feinstein (November 18, 1978), "City-County fanfare opens Orange Line; Ceremonies open new Orange Line", The Washington Post, p. D1
  10. ^ "Rosslyn Station New Entrance Study" (PDF). WMATA. March 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  11. ^ Eisen, Jack (January 7, 1977). "Metro Trip Hits a Low Point: New Line Under Potomac Dips 97 Feet at Rosslyn Metro Line Under River Dips 97 Feet at Rosslyn". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  12. ^ Rosslyn Magazine: Discover A New Horizon, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Summer 2006, p. 21.
  13. ^ Darling, Lynn (July 3, 1977). "An Effect of Metro". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  14. ^ Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (August 1983). Metrorail Station Area Planning: A Metrorail before-and-After Study Report (PDF). p. 72. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  15. ^ Eisen, Jack (January 7, 1977). "Metro Trip Hits a Low Point: New Line Under Potomac Dips 97 Feet at Rosslyn Metro Line Under River Dips 97 Feet at Rosslyn". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  16. ^ Darling, Lynn (July 3, 1977). "An Effect of Metro". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  17. ^ Rosslyn Magazine: Discover A New Horizon, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Summer 2006, p. 21.
  18. ^ Arlington County news release 10/7/2013
  19. ^ Johnson, Matt. "What are the Ten Longest Metro Escalators?". Greater Greater Washington, July 8, 2014. http://greatergreaterwashington.org/post/23038/what-are-the-10-longest-metro-escalators

External links


Latitude and Longitude:

38°53′46″N 77°04′19″W / 38.896031°N 77.071846°W / 38.896031; -77.071846