From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As of 2024, the New York metropolitan area is the world’s principal fintech and financial center [1] [2] and the largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a nominal gross metropolitan product of over US$2.5 trillion. [3]

This is a list of cities in the world by gross domestic product (GDP). The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities may be classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions. [4] The methodology of calculating GDP may differ between the studies and are widely based on projections and sometimes approximate estimations, notably for cities that are not within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Refer to sources for more information. Click on the headers to reorganize columns.

List

Rank City proper/ metropolitan area Country/region Official est. GDP
up to date (billion US$)
Metropolitan
population
300+ A Coruña metropolitan area European Union  Spain 28.819 (2020) [5] 1,121,815 (2020) [6]
300+ Aachen European Union  Germany 24.296 (2020) [5] 249,070 (2021) [7]
300+ Aalborg European Union  Denmark 31.855 (2021) [5] 219,487 (2021) [8]
239 Aarhus European Union  Denmark 54.927 (2021) [5] 352,751 (2021) [9]
300+ Abbotsford, British Columbia   Canada 6.239 (2020) [10] 203,907 (2020) [11]
300+ Aberdeen, Scotland   United Kingdom 23.0 (2020) [12] 489,840 (2020) [13]
300+ Abidjan   Ivory Coast 27 (2017) [14] 5,600,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Abilene, TX MSA   United States 9.469 (2022) [16] 179,308 (2022) [17]
102 Abu Dhabi metropolitan area   United Arab Emirates 151.073 (2022) [18] 1,660,000 (2022) [19]
201 Adelaide   Australia 64.461 (2018–19) [20] 1,344,368 (2018–19) [21]
171 Ahmedabad   India 80 (2023) [22] 9,300,000 (2023) [23]
108 Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis European Union  France 135.038 (2021) [5] 1,911,657 (2021) [24]
288 Akron, OH MSA   United States 44.562 (2022) [16] 697,627 (2022) [17]
300+ Albany-Lebanon, OR MSA   United States 6.108 (2022) [16] 130,467 (2022) [17]
170 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA   United States 80.303 (2022) [16] 904,617 (2022) [17]
300+ Albany, GA MSA   United States 7.312 (2022) [16] 145,786 (2022) [17]
247 Albuquerque, NM MSA   United States 53.862 (2022) [16] 919,543 (2022) [17]
300+ Alexandria   Egypt 36.000 (2021) [25] 5,950,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Alexandria, LA MSA   United States 7.460 (2022) [16] 149,189 (2022) [17]
300+ Alicante metropolitan area European Union  Spain 38.851 (2020) [5] 1,915,282 (2020) [27]
242 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ MSA   United States 54.323 (2022) [16] 871,229 (2022) [17]
300+ Almaty   Kazakhstan 41.485 (2022) [28] 2,250,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Altoona, PA MSA   United States 7.238 (2022) [16] 121,032 (2022) [17]
300+ Alxa League   China 4.419 (2020) [29] [30] 262,361 (2020) [31]
300+ Amarillo, TX MSA   United States 17.376 (2022) [16] 271,171 (2022) [17]
300+ Ames, IA MSA   United States 8.104 (2021) [16] 125,767 (2021) [32]
300+ Amiens European Union  France 19.418 (2021) [5] 304,331 (2021) [33]
56 Amsterdam metropolitan area European Union  Netherlands 237.841 (2022) [5] 2,890,428 (2020) [34]
300+ Anápolis Mercosur  Brazil 6.740 (2011) [35] 334,623 (2010) [36]
300+ Anchorage, AK MSA   United States 31.570 (2022) [16] 400,470 (2022) [17]
300+ Angers Loire Métropole European Union  France 29.379 (2021) [5] 394,256 (2021) [37]
181 Ankara   Turkey 74.83 (2021) [38] 5,150,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Ann Arbor, MI MSA   United States 30.556 (2022) [16] 366,376 (2022) [17]
300+ Annecy European Union  France 29.98 (2021) [5] 183,697 (2021) [39]
300+ Anniston-Oxford, AL MSA   United States 5.466 (2022) [16] 115,788 (2022) [17]
169 Anshan   China 80.968 (2020) [40] 3,325,372 (2020) [41]
193 Antwerp metropolitan area European Union  Belgium 66.063 (2021) [5] 1,230,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Appleton, Wisconsin metropolitan area   United States 16.977 (2022) [16] 244,845 (2022) [17]
300+ Arnhem–Nijmegen metropolitan area European Union  Netherlands 34.621 (2021) [5] 774,506 (2022) [42]
300+ Asheville, NC MSA   United States 26.228 (2022) [16] 476,072 (2022) [17]
300+ Astana   Kazakhstan 23.115 (2022) [28] 1,350,228 (2022) [43]
300+ Asturias metropolitan area European Union  Spain 27.152 (2022) [44] [45] 1,009,088 (2022) [46]
160 Athens Metropolitan Area European Union  Greece 85.809 (2020) [5] 3,526,887 (2020) [34]
300+ Athens-Clarke County, GA MSA   United States 12.628 (2022) [16] 220,405 (2022) [17]
17 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Alpharetta, GA MSA   United States 525.888 (2022) [16] 6,222,106 (2022) [17]
300+ Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ MSA   United States 16.851 (2022) [16] 275,638 (2022) [17]
300+ Auburn-Opelika, AL MSA   United States 8.256 (2022) [16] 180,773 (2022) [17]
168 Auckland   New Zealand 81.227 (2022) [47] 1,470,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC MSA   United States 34.185 (2022) [16] 624,083 (2022) [17]
62 Austin-Round Rock-Georgetown, TX MSA   United States 222.054 (2022) [16] 2,421,115 (2022) [17]
228 Bakersfield, CA MSA   United States 57.541 (2022) [16] 916,108 (2022) [17]
300+ Balikpapan-Samarinda Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 29.901 (2021) [48] 2,621,877 (2021) [48]
300+ Ballarat   Australia 4.460 (2018–19) [20] 108,491 (2018–19) [49]
54 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD MSA   United States 241.399 (2022) [16] 2,835,672 (2022) [17]
300+ Bandung Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 38.290 (2021) [50] 8,790,308 (2021) [50]
52 Bangkok Metropolitan Region ASEAN  Thailand 252.128 (2022) [51] 19,900,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Bangor, ME MSA   United States 8.551 (2022) [16] 153,704 (2022) [17]
300+ Banjarmasin Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 6.017 (2021) [52] 2,164,485 (2021) [52]
300+ Baotou   China 40.412 (2020) [29] [30] 2,709,378 (2020) [31]
80 Barcelona metropolitan area European Union  Spain 182.524 (2020) [5] 5,105,991 (2020) [34]
300+ Barnstable Town, MA MSA   United States 16.351 (2022) [16] 232,457 (2022) [17]
300+ Barrie   Canada 6.453 (2020) [10] 218,377 (2020) [11]
300+ Batam Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 16.006 (2021) [53] 1,885,481 (2021) [53]
208 Baton Rouge, LA MSA   United States 62.951 (2022) [16] 873,060 (2022) [17]
300+ Battle Creek, MI MSA   United States 7.728 (2022) [16] 133,289 (2022) [17]
300+ Bay City, MI MSA   United States 4.592 (2022) [16] 102,821 (2022) [17]
300+ Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA   United States 29.007 (2022) [16] 393,575 (2022) [17]
300+ Beckley, WV MSA   United States 5.187 (2021) [16] 113,724 (2021) [54]
300+ Belfast   United Kingdom 25.5 (2015) [55] 671,559 (2011) [56]
300+ Belgrade   Serbia 25.31 (2021) [57] 1,430,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Belleville, Ontario   Canada 3.814 (2020) [10] 113,045 (2020) [11]
300+ Bellingham, WA MSA   United States 19.595 (2022) [16] 230,677 (2022) [17]
238 Belo Horizonte Mercosur  Brazil 54.996 (2011) [35] 4,744,599 (2010) [58]
300+ Bend, OR MSA   United States 13.878 (2022) [16] 206,549 (2022) [17]
300+ Bendigo   Australia 3.961 (2018–19) [20] 99,416 (2018–19) [59]
134 Bengaluru   India 110 (2022) [60] 13,200,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Bergamo metropolitan area European Union  Italy 40.539 (2020) [5] 1,102,286 (2020) [61]
47 Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 271.818 (2021) [62] 4,679,500 (2021) [63]
300+ Bhopal   India 5.35 (2023) [64] 2,600,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Bielefeld European Union  Germany 16.19 (2020) [5] 591,862 (2021) [65]
300+ Bielsko-Biała European Union  Poland 10.147 (2020) [5] 169,756 (2020)Source: Polska w liczbach web site
300+ Bilbao metropolitan area European Union  Spain 37.568 (2020) [5] 1,014,366 (2020) [34]
300+ Billings, MT MSA   United States 13.208 (2022) [16] 190,208 (2022) [17]
300+ Binghamton, NY MSA   United States 12.659 (2022) [16] 244,889 (2022) [17]
300+ Birmingham   United Kingdom 39.1 (2020) 3,150,000 (2020) [15]
172 Birmingham-Hoover, AL MSA   United States 79.098 (2022) [16] 1,116,857 (2022) [17]
300+ Bismarck, ND MSA   United States 8.881 (2022) [16] 134,846 (2022) [17]
300+ Blacksburg-Christiansburg, VA MSA   United States 9.060 (2022) [16] 165,812 (2022) [17]
300+ Bloomington, IL MSA   United States 14.431 (2022) [16] 171,141 (2022) [17]
300+ Bloomington, IN MSA   United States 9.085 (2022) [16] 161,227 (2022) [17]
300+ Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA MSA   United States 5.205 (2022) [16] 83,017 (2022) [17]
300+ Bocholt metropolitan area European Union  Germany 16.488 (2020) [5] 71,074 (2021) [66]
259 Boise, ID MSA   United States 49.947 (2022) [16] 811,336 (2022) [17]
282 Bologna metropolitan area European Union  Italy 45.648 (2020) [5] 1,017,225 (2020)
185 Bordeaux European Union  France 73.813 (2021) [5] 1,100,000 (2021) [26]
16 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH MSA   United States 571.667 (2022) [16] 4,900,550 (2022) [17]
300+ Boulder, CO MSA   United States 35.608 (2022) [16] 327,468 (2022) [17]
300+ Bowling Green, KY MSA   United States 9.794 (2022) [16] 185,682 (2022) [17]
300+ Brantford   Canada 4.58 (2020) [10] 151,620 (2020) [11]
198 Brasília Mercosur  Brazil 65.338 (2015)( 8th) 3,548,438 (2017) [67]
300+ Brașov European Union  Romania 8.472 (2020) [5] 371,802 (2021) [68]
300+ Bratislava metropolitan area European Union  Slovakia 33.072 (2021) [5] 719,537 (2021) [69]
300+ Breda European Union  Netherlands 33.23 (2020) [5] 324,812 (2014) [70]
231 Bremen European Union  Germany 56.517 (2020) [5] 1,274,429 (2020) [34]
300+ Bremerton-Silverdale-Port Orchard, WA MSA   United States 15.477 (2022) [16] 277,673 (2022) [17]
278 Brescia metropolitan area European Union  Italy 46.603 (2020) [5] 1,250,527 (2020) [61]
300+ Brest Métropole European Union  France 32.956 (2021) [5] 381,226 (2021) [71]
140 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT MSA   United States 104.368 (2022) [16] 962,946 (2022) [17]
86 Brisbane   Australia 177 (2018–19) [20] 2,388,038 (2018–19) [72]
300+ Bristol   United Kingdom 22.3 (2020) [55] 465,866 (2020) [73]
300+ Brno European Union  Czech Republic 30.963 (2021) [5] 398,510 (2021) [74]
300+ Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA   United States 14.259 (2022) [16] 425,208 (2022) [17]
300+ Brunswick, GA MSA   United States 5.933 (2022) [16] 114,442 (2022) [17]
57 Brussels metropolitan area European Union  Belgium 237.08 (2022) [5] 2,784,967 (2021) [75]
174 Bucharest Metropolitan Area European Union  Romania 78.052 (2021) [76] 2,200,000 (2021) [26]
158 Budapest metropolitan area European Union  Hungary 86.93 (2021) [5] 2,625,000 (2021) [26]
165 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA   United States 84.673 (2022) [16] 1,161,192 (2022) [17]
300+ Burlington-South Burlington, VT MSA   United States 17.478 (2022) [16] 227,521 (2022) [17]
300+ Burlington, NC MSA   United States 7.889 (2022) [16] 176,353 (2022) [17]
300+ Bursa   Turkey 33.641 (2021) [77] 3,101,833 (2021) [19]
51 Busan-Gyeongnam Area   South Korea 252.145 (2022) [51] 7,038,129 (2022) [19]
300+ Bydgoszcz–Toruń metropolitan area European Union  Poland 12.417 (2020) [5] 752,655 (2019) [78]
300+ Cádiz-Jerez metropolitan area European Union  Spain 22.971 (2020) [5] 639,560 (2022) INE
300+ Caen European Union  France 25.054 (2021) [5] 395,885 (2021) [79]
300+ Cairns   Australia 10.709 (2018–19) [20] 153,951 (2019) [80]
177 Calgary Metropolitan Region   Canada 76.548 (2020) [10] 1,542,956 (2020) [11]
300+ California-Lexington Park, MD MSA   United States 8.849 (2022) [16] 114,877 (2022) [17]
300+ Campinas Mercosur  Brazil 40.525 (2011) [35] 1,874,487 (2011) [19]
300+ Campo Grande Mercosur  Brazil 9.59 (2013) [81] 786,797 (2010) [82]
300+ Campos dos Goytacazes Mercosur  Brazil 5.358 (2016) [83] 511,168 (2020) [84]
300+ Canberra   Australia 30.909 (2018–19) [20] 465,118 (2018–19) [85]
300+ Canton-Massillon, OH MSA   United States 22.880 (2022) [16] 399,316 (2022) [17]
287 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL MSA   United States 44.629 (2022) [16] 822,453 (2022) [17]
300+ Cape Girardeau, MO-IL MSA   United States 5.282 (2022) [16] 98,275 (2022) [17]
232 Cape Town   South Africa 56.300 (2022) [86] 4,375,000 (2022) [19]
187 Caracas Mercosur  Venezuela 70 (2012) [87] 1,942,652 (2011) [88]
300+ Carbondale-Marion, IL MSA   United States 6.801 (2022) [16] 132,693 (2022) [17]
262 Cardiff- Newport   United Kingdom 49.5 (2020) [55] 1,552,527 (2020) [73]
300+ Carson City, NV MSA   United States 4.285 (2022) [16] 58,130 (2022) [17]
276 Casablanca   Morocco 47.000 (2022) [89] 4,625,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Casper, WY MSA   United States 6.273 (2022) [16] 79,601 (2022) [17]
300+ Cedar Rapids, IA MSA   United States 22.009 (2022) [16] 275,592 (2022) [17]
135 Central German Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 109.582 (2020) [62] 2,411,051 (2020) [90]
300+ Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA MSA   United States 7.457 (2022) [16] 156,902 (2022) [17]
300+ Champaign-Urbana, IL MSA   United States 14.328 (2022) [16] 223,265 (2022) [17]
300+ Chandigarh   India 6 (2023)| GDP_rank = 25th 2,575,000 (2023) [23]
146 Changchun   China 96.240 (2020) [29] [91] 9,066,906 (2020) [92]
241 Changde   China 54.355 (2020) [29] 5,279,102 (2020) [93]
300+ Changji Prefecture   China 20.113 (2020) [29] [94] 1,613,585 (2020) [95]
66 Changsha   China 208 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 10,420,600 (2022) [99]
300+ Charleroi European Union  Belgium 16.93 (2021) [5] 396,820 (2021) [100]
230 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA   United States 56.933 (2022) [16] 830,529 (2022) [17]
300+ Charleston, WV MSA   United States 14.891 (2022) [16] 251,914 (2022) [17]
61 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC MSA   United States 228.913 (2022) [16] 2,756,069 (2022) [17]
300+ Charlottesville, VA MSA   United States 17.190 (2022) [16] 223,825 (2022) [17]
300+ Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA   United States 40.042 (2022) [16] 574,507 (2022) [17]
50 Chengdu   China 260.409 (2023) 16,600,000 (2023) [23]
113 Chennai   India 128.3 (2023) [101] 12,200,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Cheyenne, WY MSA   United States 7.545 (2022) [16] 100,723 (2022) [17]
4 Chicago–Naperville, IL–IN–WI CSA   United States 992.478 (2022) [16] 9,806,184 (2022) [17]
300+ Chico, CA MSA   United States 11.077 (2022) [16] 207,303 (2022) [17]
300+ Chittagong   Bangladesh 25.5 (2019) [102] 4,925,000 (2020) [15]
25 Chongqing   China 407.562 (2022) [103] 10,100,000 (2022) [104]
289 Chuzhou   China 43.960 (2020) [29] 3,937,868 (2020) [105]
76 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN MSA   United States 186.141 (2022) [16] 2,265,051 (2022) [17]
300+ Clarksville, TN-KY MSA   United States 16.209 (2022) [16] 336,605 (2022) [17]
300+ Clermont-Ferrand European Union  France 26.492 (2021) [5] 362,578 (2021) [106]
97 Cleveland-Elyria, OH MSA   United States 162.788 (2022) [16] 2,063,132 (2022) [17]
300+ Cleveland, TN MSA   United States 6.296 (2022) [16] 128,479 (2022) [17]
300+ Cluj-Napoca European Union  Romania 13.155 (2020) [5] 286,598 (2021) [107]
300+ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0.011 (2010) [108] 561 (2011) [109]
300+ Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA   United States 9.609 (2022) [16] 183,578 (2022) [17]
300+ Coimbatore   India 42 (2021) 2,775,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Coimbra European Union  Portugal 9.837 (2021) [5] 140,796 (2021) [110]
300+ College Station-Bryan, TX MSA   United States 18.181 (2022) [16] 277,824 (2022) [17]
271 Colorado Springs, CO MSA   United States 47.905 (2022) [16] 765,424 (2022) [17]
300+ Columbia, MO MSA   United States 12.514 (2022) [16] 214,630 (2022) [17]
245 Columbia, SC MSA   United States 54.072 (2022) [16] 847,686 (2022) [17]
300+ Columbus, GA-AL MSA   United States 17.038 (2022) [16] 324,110 (2022) [17]
300+ Columbus, IN MSA   United States 7.979 (2022) [16] 83,540 (2022) [17]
94 Columbus, OH MSA   United States 169.123 (2022) [16] 2,161,511 (2022) [17]
300+ Communauté d'agglomération Nîmes Métropole European Union  France 23.471 (2021) [5] 564,024 (2021) [111]
300+ Communauté d'agglomération Pau Béarn Pyrénées European Union  France 26.427 (2021) [5] 311,949 (2021) [112]
300+ Constanța European Union  Romania 9.159 (2020) [5] 263,688 (2021) [113]
83 Copenhagen metropolitan area European Union  Denmark 179.846 (2021) [5] 1,857,783 (2021) [114]
300+ Córdoba metropolitan area European Union  Spain 14.929 (2020) [5] 326,039 (2020) [115]
300+ Corpus Christi, TX MSA   United States 28.228 (2022) [16] 421,628 (2022) [17]
300+ Corvallis, OR MSA   United States 5.443 (2022) [16] 97,630 (2022) [17]
300+ Coventry   United Kingdom 13.9 (2020) [116] [45] 379,387 (2020) [117]
300+ Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL MSA   United States 21.491 (2022) [16] 299,786 (2022) [17]
300+ Cumberland, MD-WV MSA   United States 4.342 (2022) [16] 94,122 (2022) [17]
225 Curitiba Mercosur  Brazil 58.082 (2011) [35] 3,054,076 (2010) [118]
256 Daegu   South Korea 50.400 (2022) [119] 2,750,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Daejeon   South Korea 40.000 (2022) [119] 1,540,000 (2022) [19]
117 Dalian   China 125 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 5,050,000 (2022) [19]
9 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA   United States 826.713 (2022) [16] 7,943,685 (2022) [17]
300+ Dalton, GA MSA   United States 8.726 (2022) [16] 143,604 (2022) [17]
300+ Danville, IL MSA   United States 3.946 (2022) [16] 72,337 (2022) [17]
300+ Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL MSA   United States 10.811 (2022) [16] 246,435 (2022) [17]
300+ Daqing   China 33.362 (2020) [29] [120] 2,781,562 (2020) [121]
300+ Dar es Salaam   Tanzania 10.4 (2019) [122] 6,450,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA   United States 25.774 (2022) [16] 379,374 (2022) [17]
300+ Dayton, OH MSA   United States 41.111 (2022) [16] 812,595 (2022) [17]
300+ Decatur, AL MSA   United States 8.038 (2022) [16] 157,425 (2022) [17]
300+ Decatur, IL MSA   United States 8.181 (2022) [16] 101,483 (2022) [17]
300+ Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL MSA   United States 28.134 (2022) [16] 705,897 (2022) [17]
300+ Denpasar Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 9.941 (2021) [123] 2,260,667 (2021) [123]
39 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MSA   United States 288.800 (2022) [16] 2,985,871 (2022) [17]
190 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA MSA   United States 67.334 (2022) [16] 729,053 (2022) [17]
36 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area   United States 305.412 (2022) [16] 4,345,761 (2022) [17]
300+ Deyang   China 34.855 (2020) [29] [124] 3,456,161 (2020) [125]
300+ Dijon Métropole European Union  France 23.472 (2021) [5] 368,440 (2021) [126]
297 Dongying   China 43.222 (2020) [29] [127] 2,193,518 (2020) [128]
300+ Dothan, AL MSA   United States 8.410 (2022) [16] 152,517 (2022) [17]
300+ Dover, DE MSA   United States 9.920 (2022) [16] 186,946 (2022) [17]
255 Dresden European Union  Germany 50.788 (2020) [5] 1,343,747 (2020) [34]
69 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area   United Arab Emirates 202.800 (2022) [129] 4,264,316 (2022) [19]
300+ Dubuque, IA MSA   United States 8.184 (2022) [16] 98,677 (2022) [17]
300+ Duluth, MN-WI MSA   United States 16.822 (2022) [16] 291,323 (2022) [17]
200 Durban   South Africa 64.700 (2022) [86] 3,525,000 (2022) [19]
205 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA   United States 63.950 (2022) [16] 664,310 (2022) [17]
300+ East Stroudsburg, PA MSA   United States 10.009 (2022) [16] 167,198 (2022) [17]
300+ Eau Claire, WI MSA   United States 10.839 (2022) [16] 173,644 (2022) [17]
300+ Edinburgh   United Kingdom 32.9 (2020) [55] 527,620 (2020) [130]
199 Edmonton Metropolitan Region   Canada 65.23 (2020) [10] 1,467,219 (2020) [11]
269 Eindhoven European Union  Netherlands 48.257 (2020) [5] 300,751 (2020) [131]
300+ El Centro, CA MSA   United States 11.064 (2022) [16] 178,713 (2022) [17]
296 El Paso, TX MSA   United States 43.283 (2022) [16] 872,195 (2022) [17]
300+ Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY MSA   United States 7.500 (2022) [16] 157,026 (2022) [17]
300+ Elkhart-Goshen, IN MSA   United States 21.094 (2022) [16] 206,890 (2022) [17]
300+ Elmira, NY MSA   United States 4.337 (2022) [16] 81,426 (2022) [17]
300+ Enid, OK MSA   United States 3.319 (2022) [16] 61,920 (2022) [17]
300+ Enschede European Union  Netherlands 27.337 (2020) [5] 315,807 (2014) [132]
300+ Erfurt European Union  Germany 20.347 (2020) [5] 213,227 (2021) [133]
300+ Erie, PA MSA   United States 13.171 (2022) [16] 267,689 (2022) [17]
300+ Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA   United States 20.913 (2022) [16] 382,353 (2022) [17]
143 European Metropolis of Lille European Union  France 101.806 (2021) [5] 1,300,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Evansville, IN-KY MSA   United States 25.278 (2022) [16] 314,038 (2022) [17]
300+ Ezhou   China 14.574 (2020) [29] [134] 1,079,353 (2020) [135]
300+ Fairbanks, AK MSA   United States 6.804 (2022) [16] 95,356 (2022) [17]
299 Faisalabad   Pakistan 43 (2013) [136] 3,204,704 (2017) [137]
300+ Fangchenggang   China 10.624 (2020) [29] [138] 1,046,068 (2020) [139]
300+ Fargo, ND-MN MSA   United States 18.792 (2022) [16] 258,663 (2022) [17]
300+ Farmington, NM MSA   United States 6.594 (2022) [16] 120,418 (2022) [17]
300+ Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA   United States 37.749 (2022) [16] 576,403 (2022) [17]
300+ Fayetteville, NC MSA   United States 25.960 (2022) [16] 529,318 (2022) [17]
300+ Flagstaff, AZ MSA   United States 9.080 (2022) [16] 144,060 (2022) [17]
300+ Flensburg European Union  Germany 10.839 (2020) [5] 113,800 (2021) [140]
300+ Flint, MI MSA   United States 17.635 (2022) [16] 401,983 (2022) [17]
300+ Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL MSA   United States 6.540 (2022) [16] 153,911 (2022) [17]
300+ Florence, SC MSA   United States 11.807 (2022) [16] 199,119 (2022) [17]
300+ Fond du Lac, WI MSA   United States 6.203 (2022) [16] 103,836 (2022) [17]
300+ Fort Collins, CO MSA   United States 25.923 (2022) [16] 366,778 (2022) [17]
300+ Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA   United States 12.024 (2022) [16] 247,072 (2022) [17]
300+ Fort Wayne, IN MSA   United States 28.565 (2022) [16] 426,076 (2022) [17]
300+ Fort-de-France European Union  France 10.741 (2021) [5] 74,921 (2021) [141]
300+ Fortaleza Mercosur  Brazil 21.7 (2012) [142] 3,326,820 (2010) [143]
300+ Freiburg im Breisgau European Union  Germany 30.404 (2020) [5] 656,753 (2021)
235 Fresno, CA MSA   United States 55.427 (2022) [16] 1,015,190 (2022) [17]
79 Fukuoka–Kitakyushu   Japan 182.952 (2019) [144] 4,750,000 (2020) [15]
78 Fuzhou   China 183 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 4,450,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Gadsden, AL MSA   United States 3.489 (2022) [16] 103,088 (2022) [17]
300+ Gainesville, FL MSA   United States 19.655 (2022) [16] 348,282 (2022) [17]
300+ Gainesville, GA MSA   United States 15.264 (2022) [16] 212,692 (2022) [17]
300+ Gdansk metropolitan area European Union  Poland 23.448 (2020) [5] 1,098,379 (2021) [145]
300+ Geelong   Australia 8.725 (2018–19) [20] 271,848 (2018–19) [146]
236 Geneva   Switzerland 55.423 (2020) [147] 506,343 (2020) [148]
300+ George Town ASEAN  Malaysia 27.535 (2022) [149] [150] 2,050,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Gettysburg, PA MSA   United States 4.429 (2022) [16] 106,027 (2022) [17]
300+ Ghent metropolitan area European Union  Belgium 39.015 (2021) [5] 561,524 (2021) [151]
300+ Gibraltar   Gibraltar 3.265 (2022) [152] [153] 32,688 (2022) [154]
300+ Gladstone   Australia 4.464 (2018–19) [20] 45,130 (2018) [155]
189 Glasgow   United Kingdom 67.7 (2020) [55] 1,861,315 (2020) [156]
300+ Glens Falls, NY MSA   United States 8.034 (2022) [16] 126,440 (2022) [17]
300+ Goiânia Mercosur  Brazil 22.763 (2011) [35] 2,078,438 (2011) [157]
300+ Gold Coast   Australia 26.669 (2018–19) [20] 679,127 (2018) [158]
300+ Goldsboro, NC MSA   United States 6.049 (2022) [16] 117,286 (2022) [17]
139 Gothenburg European Union  Sweden 104.766 (2021) [5] 1,051,345 (2020) [34]
300+ Granada metropolitan area European Union  Spain 18.091 (2020) [5] 495,900 (2020) [159]
300+ Grand Besançon Métropole European Union  France 19.018 (2021) [5] 197,494 (2021) [160]
300+ Grand Forks, ND-MN MSA   United States 6.580 (2022) [16] 103,144 (2022) [17]
300+ Grand Island, NE MSA   United States 5.387 (2022) [16] 76,333 (2022) [17]
300+ Grand Junction, CO MSA   United States 8.218 (2022) [16] 158,636 (2022) [17]
300+ Grand Poitiers communauté urbaine European Union  France 15.217 (2021) [5] 266,160 (2021) [161]
175 Grand Rapids-Kentwood, MI MSA   United States 77.296 (2022) [16] 1,094,198 (2022) [17]
300+ Grand Reims European Union  France 23.619 (2021) [5] 297,068 (2021) [162]
300+ Grants Pass, OR MSA   United States 3.658 (2022) [16] 87,730 (2022) [17]
300+ Graz European Union  Austria 32.416 (2020) [5] 351,369 (2021) [163]
300+ Great Falls, MT MSA   United States 4.781 (2022) [16] 84,864 (2022) [17]
58 Greater Buenos Aires Mercosur  Argentina 235.600 (2023) [164] 16,700,000 (2023) [23]
73 Greater Cairo   Egypt 190.200 (2021) [25] 21,500,000 (2021) [26]
51 Dhaka   Bangladesh 258.2 (2022) [165] 21,300,000 (2022) [165]
46 Greater Dublin Area European Union  Ireland 272.454 (2022) [5] 1,400,000 (2021) [26]
116 Greater Helsinki European Union  Finland 125.166 (2022) [76] 1,320,000 (2021) [26]
137 Greater Manchester   United Kingdom 108.000 (2021) [166] 2,812,569 (2021)39th
98 Greater Manila Area ASEAN  Philippines 162.3 (2022) [167] 26,400,000 (2022) [19]
31 Greater Mexico City   Mexico 340.800 (2022) [168] 24,700,000 (2022) [19]
91 Greater Montreal   Canada 170.53 (2020) [10] 4,336,487 (2020) [11]
48 Greater São Paulo Mercosur  Brazil 261.642 (2021) [51] 22,600,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Greater Sudbury   Canada 7.242 (2020) [10] 172,476 (2020) [11]
2 Greater Tokyo Area   Japan 2,080.758 (2022) [169] 40,700,000 (2022) [19]
30 Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area   Canada 349.201 (2020) [170] 7,281,694 (2021) [11]
118 Greater Vancouver   Canada 122.113 (2020) [10] 2,743,765 (2020) [11]
300+ Greeley, CO MSA   United States 27.344 (2022) [16] 350,176 (2022) [17]
300+ Green Bay, WI MSA   United States 24.565 (2022) [16] 330,292 (2022) [17]
266 Greensboro-High Point, NC MSA   United States 49.029 (2022) [16] 784,101 (2022) [17]
229 Greenville-Anderson, SC MSA   United States 57.403 (2022) [16] 958,958 (2022) [17]
300+ Greenville, NC MSA   United States 10.921 (2022) [16] 173,542 (2022) [17]
248 Grenoble metropolitan area European Union  France 53.606 (2021) [5] 760,823 (2021) [171]
300+ Groningen European Union  Netherlands 22.301 (2020) [5] 232,874 (2020) [172]
195 Guadalajara   Mexico 65.800 (2023) [173] 5,750,000 (2023) [23]
22 Shenzhen   China 455.694 (2022) [103] 14,678,000 (2022) [104]
300+ Guelph   Canada 7.891 (2020) [10] 167,658 (2020) [11]
209 Guiyang   China 62.511 (2020) [29] [174] 5,987,018 (2020) [175]
300+ Gujranwala   Pakistan 15.681 (2016) [176] 5,011,066 (2017) [177]
300+ Gulfport-Biloxi, MS MSA   United States 23.511 (2022) [16] 420,782 (2022) [17]
300+ Gwangju   South Korea 36.000 (2022) [119] 1,630,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV MSA   United States 13.990 (2022) [16] 302,510 (2022) [17]
300+ Haifa   Israel 25.082 (2019) [178] 1,050,000 (2019) [179]
300+ Haixi Prefecture   China 8.986 (2020) [29] [180] 468,216 (2020) [181]
300+ Halifax, Nova Scotia   Canada 18.228 (2020) [10] 450,910 (2020) [11]
243 Hamamatsu   Japan 54.3 (2010) [182] [183] 800,866 (2010) [184]
49 Hamburg Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 261.306 (2020) [62] 5,100,000 (2020) [185]
300+ Hami   China 8.814 (2020) [29] [94] 673,383 (2020) [95]
300+ Hammond, LA MSA   United States 5.447 (2022) [16] 137,048 (2022) [17]
300+ Hanford-Corcoran, CA MSA   United States 8.146 (2022) [16] 152,981 (2022) [17]
41 Hangzhou   China 279.000 (2022) [103] 12,500,000 (2022) [104]
75 Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 186.167 (2020) [62] 3,845,271 (2015) [186]
300 Hanoi ASEAN  Vietnam 42.04 (2019) [187] 8,053,663 (2019) [188]
150 Harbin   China 94.1 (2017) [189] 10,009,854 (2020) [190]
272 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA MSA   United States 47.815 (2022) [16] 603,493 (2022) [17]
300+ Harrisonburg, VA MSA   United States 10.226 (2022) [16] 136,555 (2022) [17]
129 Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT MSA   United States 114.887 (2022) [16] 1,221,725 (2022) [17]
300+ Hattiesburg, MS MSA   United States 7.901 (2022) [16] 173,359 (2022) [17]
84 Hefei   China 179 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 7,150,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Heidelberg European Union  Germany 34.067 (2020) [5] 1,544,830 (2020) [191]
300+ Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC MSA   United States 18.281 (2022) [16] 368,347 (2022) [17]
300+ Hilton Head Island-Bluffton, SC MSA   United States 12.497 (2022) [16] 228,410 (2022) [17]
300+ Hinesville, GA MSA   United States 4.768 (2022) [16] 86,378 (2022) [17]
214 Hiroshima   Japan 61.3 (2010) [182] [183] 2,860,750 (2010) [192]
145 Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area ASEAN  Vietnam 96.399 (2022) [193] 10,900,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Hobart   Australia 11.388 (2018–19) [20] 218,874 (2018–19) [194]
300+ Hohhot   China 40.605 (2020) [29] [30] 3,446,100 (2020) [31]
300+ Homosassa Springs, FL MSA   United States 5.664 (2022) [16] 162,529 (2022) [17]
300+ Hot Springs, AR MSA   United States 4.200 (2022) [16] 100,089 (2022) [17]
300+ Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA   United States 10.812 (2022) [16] 200,656 (2022) [17]
11 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX MSA   United States 759.820 (2022) [16] 7,340,118 (2022) [17]
300+ Hsinchu   Taiwan 11.980 (2016) [195] 448,207 (2020) [196]
224 Huai'an   China 58.361 (2020) [29] [197] 4,556,230 (2020) [198]
300+ Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA   United States 18.046 (2022) [16] 354,304 (2022) [17]
300+ Huntsville, AL MSA   United States 38.101 (2022) [16] 514,465 (2022) [17]
184 Hyderabad   India 74 (2016) [199] 9,482,000 (2018) [200]
300+ Iași European Union  Romania 8.682 (2020) [5] 423,154 (2021) [68]
300+ Idaho Falls, ID MSA   United States 11.248 (2022) [16] 165,608 (2022) [17]
77 Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN MSA   United States 184.394 (2022) [16] 2,141,779 (2022) [17]
300+ Indore   India 8.1 (2020–21) [201] 3,175,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Innsbruck European Union  Austria 15.921 (2020) [5] 228,866 (2021) [202]
300+ Iowa City, IA MSA   United States 12.900 (2022) [16] 178,991 (2022) [17]
300+ Iserlohn European Union  Germany 16.739 (2020) [5] 91,873 (2021) [203]
44 Istanbul metropolitan area   Turkey 275.365 (2022) [204] 16,500,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Ithaca, NY MSA   United States 7.274 (2022) [16] 104,777 (2022) [17]
253 İzmir   Turkey 51.460 (2021) [77] 3,050,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Jackson, MI MSA   United States 7.990 (2022) [16] 160,066 (2022) [17]
300+ Jackson, MS MSA   United States 34.043 (2022) [16] 583,197 (2022) [17]
300+ Jackson, TN MSA   United States 10.814 (2022) [16] 181,579 (2022) [17]
125 Jacksonville, FL MSA   United States 117.162 (2022) [16] 1,675,668 (2022) [17]
300+ Jacksonville, NC MSA   United States 10.737 (2022) [16] 207,298 (2022) [17]
300+ Jaipur   India 15 (2021) [205] 4,050,000 (2021) [26]
33 Jakarta metropolitan area ASEAN  Indonesia 323.030 (2022) [206] [207] [208] 34,307,088 (2022)
300+ Janesville-Beloit, WI MSA   United States 9.277 (2022) [16] 164,060 (2022) [17]
105 Jeddah   Saudi Arabia 138.970 (2023) [209] 5,500,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Jefferson City, MO MSA   United States 9.698 (2022) [16] 150,350 (2022) [17]
270 Jerusalem   Israel 48.0 (2015) [210] 1,008,400 (2013) [211]
300+ Jiayuguan   China 4.083 (2020) [29] [212] 312,663 (2020) [213]
85 Jinan   China 179 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 6,200,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Jinchang   China 5.199 (2020) [29] [212] 438,026 (2020) [213]
15 Beijing   China 618.648 (2022) [214] 20,500,000 (2020)
300+ Jingmen   China 27.640 (2020) [29] [134] 2,596,927 (2020) [135]
277 Jiujiang   China 46.981 (2020) [29] [215] 4,600,276 (2020) [216]
109 Johannesburg   South Africa 134.682 (2022) [86] 8,400,042 (2022) [19]
300+ Johnson City, TN MSA   United States 9.943 (2022) [16] 210,256 (2022) [17]
300+ Johnstown, PA MSA   United States 5.499 (2022) [16] 131,441 (2022) [17]
300+ Jonesboro, AR MSA   United States 7.016 (2022) [16] 135,512 (2022) [17]
300+ Joplin, MO MSA   United States 9.407 (2022) [16] 184,086 (2022) [17]
300+ Jundiaí Mercosur  Brazil 20.081 (2011) [35] 698,679 (2010) [217]
300+ Kabul   Afghanistan 6.000 4,800,000 (2023) [23]
250 Kagoshima   Japan 53.0 (2019) [169] 1,588,256 (2020) [218]
300+ Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI MSA   United States 11.649 (2022) [16] 164,351 (2022) [17]
300+ Kaiserslautern European Union  Germany 9.577 (2020) [5] 124,300 (2021) [219]
300+ Kalamazoo-Portage, MI MSA   United States 18.786 (2022) [16] 261,173 (2022) [17]
300+ Kankakee, IL MSA   United States 8.320 (2022) [16] 106,074 (2022) [17]
92 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA   United States 169.501 (2022) [16] 2,209,494 (2022) [17]
226 Kaohsiung   Taiwan 58.071 (2016) [220] 2,775,000 (2020) [15]
180 Karachi   Pakistan 75.000 (2022) [221] 14,910,352 (2022) [19]
300+ Karamay   China 12.858 (2020) [29] [94] 490,348 (2020) [95]
298 Karlsruhe European Union  Germany 43.054 (2020) [5] 504,030 (2020) [222]
300+ Kassel European Union  Germany 19.433 (2020) [5] 340,200 (2021) [223]
251 Katowice metropolitan area European Union  Poland 52.713 (2021) [5] 2,486,510 (2020) [34]
300+ Kaunas urban area European Union  Lithuania 14.406 (2022) [224] [45] 298,753 (2021) [225]
300+ Kelowna   Canada 8.401 (2020) [10] 223,529 (2020) [11]
300+ Kennewick-Richland, WA MSA   United States 19.553 (2022) [16] 311,469 (2022) [17]
300+ Kiel European Union  Germany 26.831 (2020) [5] 325,300 (2021) [226]
300+ Kielce European Union  Poland 9.144 (2020) [5] 192,468 (2021)( 18th) [227]
300+ Killeen-Temple, TX MSA   United States 24.105 (2022) [16] 496,228 (2022) [17]
300+ Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA   United States 17.596 (2022) [16] 311,272 (2022) [17]
300+ Kingston, NY MSA   United States 9.053 (2022) [16] 182,319 (2022) [17]
300+ Kingston, Ontario   Canada 6.873 (2020) [10] 176,176 (2020) [11]
300+ Kitchener, Ontario   Canada 24.529 (2020) [10] 593,397 (2020) [11]
223 Knoxville, TN MSA   United States 58.893 (2022) [16] 907,968 (2022) [17]
300+ Koblenz European Union  Germany 17.01 (2020) [5] 113,638 (2021) [228]
300+ Kokomo, IN MSA   United States 5.079 (2022) [16] 83,574 (2022) [17]
100 Kolkata   India 160.2 (2022) [229] 17,200,000 (2022) [104]
300+ Konstanz, metropolitan area European Union  Germany 12.212 (2020) [5] 288,097 (2021)
300+ Košice European Union  Slovakia 14.243 (2021) [5] 228,249 (2021) [230]
300+ Kraków metropolitan area European Union  Poland 29.165 (2020) [5] 1,498,499 (2020)
220 Kuala Lumpur ASEAN  Malaysia 59.831 (2019) [231] 8,900,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Kumamoto   Japan 39.8 (2010) [182] [232] 1,817,426 (2010) [233]
144 Kunming   China 97.628 (2020) [29] [234] 8,460,088 (2020) [235]
123 Kuwait City   Kuwait 118.000 (2020) [236] 4,750,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Kyiv   Ukraine 27.5 (2020) [237] 3,475,000 (2020) [15]
12 Kyoto–Osaka–Kobe   Japan 699.474 (2022) [51] 17,700,000 (2022) [19]
300+ La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN MSA   United States 9.693 (2022) [16] 139,094 (2022) [17]
300+ Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN MSA   United States 14.002 (2022) [16] 226,452 (2022) [238]
300+ Lafayette, LA MSA   United States 24.996 (2022) [16] 481,125 (2022) [17]
142 Lagos metropolitan area   Nigeria 102.010 (2021) [239] 20,100,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Lahore   Pakistan 40.000 (2022) [240] 13,900,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Lake Charles, LA MSA   United States 18.574 (2022) [16] 207,320 (2022) [17]
300+ Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA   United States 7.715 (2022) [16] 220,816 (2022) [17]
300+ Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA   United States 37.305 (2022) [16] 787,404 (2022) [17]
300+ Lancaster, PA MSA   United States 36.312 (2022) [16] 556,629 (2022) [17]
300+ Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA   United States 32.633 (2022) [16] 540,870 (2022) [17]
300+ Laredo, TX MSA   United States 17.010 (2022) [16] 267,780 (2022) [17]
300+ Las Cruces, NM MSA   United States 9.336 (2022) [16] 223,337 (2022) [17]
300+ Las Palmas metropolitan area European Union  Spain 16.93 (2020) [5] 556,159 (2020) [241]
99 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA   United States 160.728 (2022) [16] 2,322,985 (2022) [17]
300+ Launceston   Australia 3.961 (2018–19) [20] 89,532 (2018-19) [242]
300+ Lawrence, KS MSA   United States 6.176 (2022) [16] 119,964 (2022) [17]
300+ Lawton, OK MSA   United States 6.198 (2022) [16] 128,523 (2022) [17]
300+ Le Mans Métropole European Union  France 18.533 (2021) [5] 267,560 (2021) [243]
300+ Lebanon, PA MSA   United States 7.510 (2022) [16] 144,011 (2022) [17]
300+ Leeds   United Kingdom 37.1 (2020) [116] [45] 2,175,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Leeuwarden metropolitan area European Union  Netherlands 11.749 (2020) [5] 124,084 (2020) [244]
300+ Leiden European Union  Netherlands 18.472 (2020) [5] 270,225 (2018) [245]
300+ Les Abymes European Union  France 10.807 (2020) [5] 52,118 (2021) [246]
300+ Lethbridge   Canada 5.059 (2020) [10] 128,795 (2020) [11]
300+ Lewiston-Auburn, ME MSA   United States 6.001 (2022) [16] 113,023 (2022) [17]
300+ Lewiston, ID-WA MSA   United States 3.641 (2022) [16] 65,512 (2022) [17]
300+ Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA   United States 35.670 (2022) [16] 517,916 (2022) [17]
300+ Lhasa   China 9.832 (2020) [29] [247] 867,891 (2020) [248]
273 Lianyungang   China 47.512 (2020) [29] [197] 4,599,360 (2020) [198]
300+ Liège European Union  Belgium 31.085 (2021) [5] 500,903 (2021) [249]
130 Lima   Peru 114.400 (2023) [250] 11,283,787 (2023) [251]
300+ Lima, OH MSA   United States 10.789 (2022) [16] 101,115 (2022) [17]
300+ Limoges metropolitan area European Union  France 12.558 (2021) [5] 296,099 (2021) [252]
300+ Lincoln, NE MSA   United States 25.459 (2022) [16] 342,448 (2022) [17]
291 Linz European Union  Austria 43.918 (2020) [5] 271,234 (2020) [253]
141 Lisbon metropolitan area European Union  Portugal 103.33 (2021) [5] 2,500,000 (2021) [26]
275 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR MSA   United States 47.322 (2022) [16] 757,615 (2022) [17]
279 Liuzhou   China 46.060 (2020) [29] [138] 4,157,934 (2020) [139]
272 Liverpool   United Kingdom 21.9 (2021) [254] [45] 506,565 (2021) [255]
300+ Ljubljana European Union  Slovenia 23.937 (2021) [5] 294,464 (2021) [256]
300+ Łódź metropolitan area European Union  Poland 21.779 (2021) [5] 1,112,069 (2011) [257]
300+ Logan, UT-ID MSA   United States 8.009 (2022) [16] 155,362 (2022) [17]
5 London metropolitan area   United Kingdom 978.402 (2022) [51] 14,800,000 (2022) [19]
300+ London, Ontario   Canada 20.818 (2020) [10] 550,605 (2020) [11]
300+ Longview, TX MSA   United States 20.259 (2022) [16] 291,219 (2022) [17]
300+ Longview, WA MSA   United States 6.626 (2022) [16] 111,956 (2022) [17]
300+ Longyan   China 41.623 (2020) [29] [258] 2,723,637 (2020) [259]
3 Los Angeles–Long Beach, CA CSA   United States 1,527.621 (2022) [16] 18,372,485 (2022) [260]
153 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN MSA   United States 90.836 (2022) [16] 1,284,553 (2022) [17]
300+ Lubbock, TX MSA   United States 18.116 (2022) [16] 328,283 (2022) [17]
300+ Lublin European Union  Poland 10.065 (2020) [5] 664,000 (2021)
300+ Lucknow   India 3.83 (2023) [261] 4,000,000 (2023) [23]
183 Luoyang   China 74.352 (2020) [29] 2,550,000 (2020) [15]
161 Luxembourg metropolitan area European Union  Luxembourg 85.503 (2021) [5] 643,941 (2021) [262]
300+ Lynchburg, VA MSA   United States 12.464 (2022) [16] 263,613 (2022) [17]
300+ Maanshan   China 31.706 (2020) [29] 2,159,930 (2020) [263]
300+ Mackay   Australia 6.540 (2018–19) [20] 80,148 (2018) [264]
300+ Macon-Bibb County, GA MSA   United States 12.760 (2022) [16] 233,916 (2022) [17]
300+ Madera, CA MSA   United States 7.738 (2022) [16] 160,256 (2022) [17]
216 Madison, WI MSA   United States 60.909 (2022) [16] 687,077 (2022) [17]
43 Madrid Metropolitan Area European Union  Spain 277.508 (2021) [76] 6,980,646 (2021) [265]
300+ Magdeburg European Union  Germany 18.25 (2020) [5] 295,200 (2021) [266]
300+ Makassar Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 17.052 (2021) [267] 2,900,468 (2021) [267]
300+ Málaga metropolitan area European Union  Spain 32.26 (2020) [5] 1,030,000 (2020) [15]
203 Malmö European Union  Sweden 64.427 (2020) [5] 748,433 (2020) [268]
300+ Manado Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 5.487 (2021) [269] 1,008,126 (2021) [269]
300+ Manaus Mercosur  Brazil 30.375 (2014) [270] 1,802,014 (2010) [271]
300+ Manchester-Nashua, NH MSA   United States 34.533 (2022) [16] 426,594 (2022) [17]
300+ Manhattan, KS MSA   United States 8.457 (2022) [16] 133,072 (2022) [17]
300+ Mankato, MN MSA   United States 6.831 (2022) [16] 104,072 (2022) [17]
300+ Mansfield, OH MSA   United States 5.494 (2022) [16] 125,319 (2022) [17]
300+ Mataram Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 5.491 (2021) [272] 3,808,908 (2021) [272]
300+ McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA   United States 27.685 (2022) [16] 888,367 (2022) [17]
300+ Medan Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 28.248 (2021) [273] 5,106,670 (2021) [273]
300+ Medellín   Colombia 35.000 (2023) [274] 4,225,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Medford, OR MSA   United States 12.024 (2022) [16] 221,644 (2022) [17]
34 Melbourne   Australia 318.677 (2021) [51] 5,050,000 (2021) [26]
147 Memphis, TN-MS-AR MSA   United States 96.183 (2022) [16] 1,332,305 (2022) [17]
300+ Merced, CA MSA   United States 11.560 (2022) [16] 290,014 (2022) [17]
300+ Métropole du Grand Nancy European Union  France 24.59 (2021) [5] 427,697 (2021) [275]
274 Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur European Union  France 47.361 (2021) [5] 1,101,039 (2021) [73]
260 Métropole Rouen Normandie European Union  France 49.637 (2021) [5] 499,830 (2021) [24]
127 Metropolis of Lyon European Union  France 116.412 (2021) [276] 1,424,069 (2021)
119 Metropolitan Area of Bogotá   Colombia 121.800 (2023) [274] 10,200,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Metropolitan City of Bari European Union  Italy 30.011 (2020) [5] 1,223,102 (2023) [277]
300+ Metropolitan City of Cagliari European Union  Italy 12.645 (2020) [5] 419,553 (2023) [278]
300+ Metropolitan City of Catania European Union  Italy 22.017 (2020) [5] 1,068,482 (2023) [279]
300+ Metropolitan City of Florence European Union  Italy 39.496 (2020) [5] 1,000,111 (2020)
300+ Metropolitan City of Genoa European Union  Italy 30.556 (2020) [5] 564,981 (2021) [280]
300+ Metropolitan City of Messina European Union  Italy 12.441 (2020) [5] 598,811 (2023) [281]
300+ Metropolitan City of Palermo European Union  Italy 25.53 (2020) [5] 647,160 (2021) [282]
124 Metropolitan Cork European Union  Ireland 117.882 (2020) [5] 270,000 (2020) [283]
21 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA   United States 483.755 (2022) [16] 6,139,340 (2022) [17]
300+ Michigan City-La Porte, IN MSA   United States 5.286 (2022) [16] 111,675 (2022) [17]
300+ Midland, MI MSA   United States 7.047 (2022) [16] 83,674 (2022) [17]
237 Midland, TX MSA   United States 55.015 (2022) [16] 177,216 (2022) [17]
60 Milan metropolitan area European Union  Italy 233.596 (2020) [5] 4,985,668 (2020) [34]
120 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI MSA   United States 120.563 (2022) [16] 1,559,792 (2022) [17]
32 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI MSA   United States 333.102 (2022) [16] 3,693,729 (2022) [17]
300+ Minsk   Belarus 19.913 (2023) [284] [45] 1,995,471 (2023) [285]
300+ Missoula, MT MSA   United States 7.710 (2022) [16] 121,041 (2022) [17]
300+ Mobile, AL MSA   United States 27.361 (2022) [16] 426,533 (2022) [17]
300+ Modesto, CA MSA   United States 28.674 (2022) [16] 551,275 (2022) [17]
300+ Monaco   Monaco 6.816 (2020) [286] 39,150 (2021) [287]
300+ Moncton   Canada 6.031 (2020) [10] 159,177 (2020) [11]
300+ Monroe, LA MSA   United States 9.650 (2022) [16] 202,869 (2022) [17]
300+ Monroe, MI MSA   United States 7.119 (2022) [16] 155,609 (2022) [17]
104 Monterrey   Mexico 140 (2015) [288] 5,324,281 (2020) [289]
246 Montevideo Mercosur  Uruguay 53.9 (2022) [290] 1,870,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Montgomery, AL MSA   United States 22.080 (2022) [16] 385,460 (2022) [17]
285 Montpellier Méditerranée Métropole European Union  France 45.031 (2021) [5] 487,519 (2021) [24]
300+ Morgantown, WV MSA   United States 9.657 (2022) [16] 141,041 (2022) [17]
300+ Morristown, TN MSA   United States 6.730 (2022) [16] 146,172 (2022) [17]
20 Moscow metropolitan area   Russia 504.808 (2022) [51] 17,400,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA MSA   United States 8.773 (2022) [16] 131,179 (2022) [17]
300+ Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération European Union  France 27.213 (2021) [5] 356,125 (2021) [291]
300+ Multan   Pakistan 12.000 (2022) [292] 2,225,000 (2022) [19]
42 Mumbai Metropolitan Region   India 277.98 (2021) [51] 25,600,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Muncie, IN MSA   United States 5.102 (2022) [16] 112,031 (2022) [17]
27 Munich Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 384.582 (2020) [5] 2,926,802 (2020) [62]
300+ Murcia metropolitan area European Union  Spain 33.946 (2020) [5] 1,528,828 (2020) [293]
300+ Muskegon, MI MSA   United States 7.408 (2022) [16] 176,565 (2022) [17]
300+ Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC MSA   United States 25.132 (2022) [16] 536,165 (2022) [17]
28 Nagoya   Japan 379.301 (2021) [51] 10,500,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Nagpur   India 19 (2021–22) [294] 3,127,000 (2021) [295]
300+ Nairobi   Kenya 30 (2023) [296] 4,750,056 (2023) [297]
300+ Namur metropolitan area European Union  Belgium 12.559 (2021) [5] 319,355 (2021) [298]
166 Nanchang   China 83.300 (2020) [29] [215] 6,255,007 (2020) [216]
53 Nanjing   China 251.000 (2022) [103] 8,850,000 (2022) [104]
244 Nanning   China 54.299 (2015) [299] [300] 7,765,411 (2015) [301]
300+ Nanping   China 29.104 (2020) [29] [258] 2,680,645 (2020) [259]
196 Nantes European Union  France 65.457 (2021) [5] 859,972 (2021) [302]
300+ Napa, CA MSA   United States 13.166 (2022) [16] 134,300 (2022) [17]
204 Naples metropolitan area European Union  Italy 64.296 (2020) [5] 3,349,233 (2020) [34]
300+ Naples-Marco Island, FL MSA   United States 28.083 (2022) [16] 397,994 (2022) [17]
74 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN MSA   United States 187.781 (2022) [16] 2,046,828 (2022) [17]
45 National Capital Region (India)   India 272.603 (2021) [51] 31,300,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Neubrandenburg European Union  Germany 8.714 (2020) [5] 63,043 (2021) [303]
300+ New Bern, NC MSA   United States 6.619 (2022) [16] 122,488 (2022) [304]
213 New Haven-Milford, CT MSA   United States 61.456 (2022) [16] 869,527 (2022) [17]
151 New Orleans-Metairie, LA MSA   United States 94.031 (2022) [16] 1,246,176 (2022) [17]
1 New York–Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA   United States 2,504.721 (2022) [16] 21,914,996 (2022) [305]
300+ Newcastle   Australia 11.554 (2018–19) [20] 492,805 (2018–19) [306]
300+ Nicosia European Union  Cyprus 28.407 (2021) [5] 350,824 (2021) [307]
295 Niigata   Japan 43.3 (2010) [308] [232] 2,374,450 (2010) [309]
300+ Niles, MI MSA   United States 9.030 (2022) [16] 152,900 (2022) [17]
300+ Ningde   China 37.971 (2020) [29] [258] 3,146,789 (2020) [259]
263 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA   United States 49.369 (2022) [16] 891,411 (2022) [17]
128 Northwest Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 115.73 (2020) [62] 2,797,706 (2020) [62]
300+ Norwich-New London, CT MSA   United States 22.049 (2022) [16] 268,681 (2022) [17]
93 Nuremberg Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 169.195 (2020) [62] 3,610,543 (2020) [34]
300+ Nyingchi   China 2.774 (2020) [29] [310] 238,936 (2020) [311]
300+ Ocala, FL MSA   United States 14.033 (2022) [16] 396,415 (2022) [17]
300+ Ocean City, NJ MSA   United States 6.533 (2022) [16] 95,634 (2022) [17]
300+ Odense European Union  Denmark 25.361 (2021) [5] 205,509 (2021) [312]
300+ Odessa, TX MSA   United States 14.192 (2022) [16] 160,869 (2022) [17]
300+ Offenburg European Union  Germany 20.259 (2020) [5] 88,600 (2021) [313]
300+ Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA   United States 39.168 (2022) [16] 713,839 (2022) [17]
207 Okayama   Japan 63.1 (2010) [182] [232] 1,945,276 (2010) [314]
149 Oklahoma City, OK MSA   United States 94.742 (2022) [16] 1,459,380 (2022) [17]
300+ Olympia-Lacey-Tumwater, WA MSA   United States 17.927 (2022) [16] 298,758 (2022) [17]
163 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA MSA   United States 85.021 (2022) [16] 976,671 (2022) [17]
300+ Opole European Union  Poland 8.559 (2020) [5] 146,522 (2021)
300+ Orange   Australia 3.204 (2018–19) [20] 40,493 (2018) [158]
254 Ordos   China 51.232 (2020) [29] [30] 2,153,638 (2020) [31]
71 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MSA   United States 194.472 (2022) [16] 2,764,182 (2022) [17]
300+ Orléans European Union  France 27.499 (2021) [5] 453,067 (2021) [315]
300+ Oshawa   Canada 10.321 (2020) [10] 424,757 (2020) [11]
300+ Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA   United States 12.398 (2022) [16] 170,718 (2022) [17]
186 Oslo   Norway 73.715 (2020) [316] 1,190,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Osnabrück European Union  Germany 23.005 (2020) [5] 272,674 (2021) [317]
300+ Ostrava metropolitan area European Union  Czech Republic 25.054 (2021) [5] 949,291 (2021) [318]
191 Ottawa–Gatineau   Canada 67.042 (2020) [10] 1,462,582 (2020) [11]
300+ Owensboro, KY MSA   United States 6.742 (2022) [16] 121,348 (2022) [17]
210 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA MSA   United States 62.329 (2022) [16] 832,605 (2022) [17]
300+ Padang Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 6.213 (2021) [319] 1,441,760 (2021) [319]
300+ Paderborn European Union  Germany 12.659 (2020) [5] 309,380 (2021) [320]
300+ Padua–Treviso–Venice metropolitan area European Union  Italy 34.796 (2020) [5] 2,748,420 (2020) [321]
300+ Palembang Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 16.561 (2021) [322] 3,722,087 (2021) [322]
300+ Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL MSA   United States 34.626 (2022) [16] 630,693 (2022) [17]
300+ Palma de Mallorca metropolitan area European Union  Spain 24.507 (2020) [5] 422,587 (2020) [323]
300+ Pamplona metropolitan area European Union  Spain 21.636 (2020) [5] 359,435 (2020) [324]
300+ Panama City, FL MSA   United States 11.683 (2022) [16] 185,134 (2022) [17]
300+ Panjin   China 18.900 (2020) [29] 1,389,691 (2020) [325]
300+ Panzhihua   China 15.090 (2020) [29] [124] 1,212,203 (2020) [125]
6 Paris metropolitan area European Union  France 934.168 (2022) [326] [327] [328] [329] 14,800,000 (2022) [104]
300+ Parkersburg-Vienna, WV MSA   United States 4.354 (2022) [16] 88,431 (2022) [17]
300+ Parma European Union  Italy 19.202 (2020) [5] 450,854 (2023) [330]
300+ Patna   India 30 (2022) [331] 2,800,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Pekanbaru Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 25.279 (2021) [332] 2,718,278 (2021) [332]
300+ Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL MSA   United States 27.080 (2022) [16] 523,146 (2022) [17]
300+ Peoria, IL MSA   United States 26.282 (2022) [16] 396,466 (2022) [17]
300+ Perpignan Méditerranée Métropole European Union  France 14.43 (2021) [5] 292,142 (2021) [333]
133 Perth   Australia 111.056 (2018–19) [20] 2,087,086 (2018–19) [334]
300+ Perugia metropolitan area European Union  Italy 18.509 (2020) [5] 637,598 (2023) [335]
300+ Peterborough, Ontario   Canada 3.657 (2020) [10] 131,665 (2020) [11]
300+ Pforzheim European Union  Germany 12.932 (2020) [5] 215,100 (2021) [336]
18 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA   United States 518.485 (2022) [16] 6,241,164 (2022) [17]
29 Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler, AZ MSA   United States 362.087 (2022) [16] 5,015,678 (2022) [17]
300+ Pine Bluff, AR MSA   United States 4.122 (2022) [16] 84,629 (2022) [17]
81 Pittsburgh, PA MSA   United States 181.485 (2022) [16] 2,349,172 (2022) [17]
300+ Pittsfield, MA MSA   United States 8.155 (2022) [16] 127,859 (2022) [17]
300+ Ploiești European Union  Romania 8.827 (2020) [5] 180,540 (2021) [68]
300+ Plzeň European Union  Czech Republic 13.742 (2021) [5] 174,007 (2021) [337]
300+ Pocatello, ID MSA   United States 4.229 (2022) [16] 97,585 (2022) [17]
300+ Port St. Lucie, FL MSA   United States 24.146 (2022) [16] 520,710 (2022) [17]
292 Portland-South Portland, ME MSA   United States 43.764 (2022) [16] 561,576 (2022) [17]
67 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA   United States 204.319 (2022) [16] 2,509,489 (2022) [17]
283 Porto Alegre Mercosur  Brazil 45.506 (2011) [35] 3,701,525 (2010) [338]
300+ Porto metropolitan area European Union  Portugal 40.868 (2021) [5] 1,550,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Poznań metropolitan area European Union  Poland 33.829 (2022) [5] 546,859 (2021) [339]
111 Prague metropolitan area European Union  Czech Republic 130.085 (2022) [5] 1,460,000 (2021) [26]
300+ Prato European Union  Italy 8.564 (2020) [5] 195,213 (2023) [340]
300+ Prescott Valley–Prescott, AZ MSA   United States 6.111 (2017) [16] 236,209 (2020) [341]
233 Pretoria   South Africa 56.286 (2022) [86] 7,426,673 (2022)
138 Providence-Warwick, RI-MA MSA   United States 105.571 (2022) [16] 1,673,802 (2022) [17]
300+ Provo-Orem, UT MSA   United States 40.761 (2022) [16] 715,001 (2022) [17]
300+ Puebla   Mexico 31.102 (2019) [342] 3,903,485 (2020) [343]
300+ Pueblo, CO MSA   United States 7.836 (2022) [16] 169,544 (2022) [17]
188 Pune   India 69 (2016) [344] [345] [346] 9,429,408 (2011) [347]
300+ Punta Gorda, FL MSA   United States 7.714 (2022) [16] 202,661 (2022) [17]
300+ Putian   China 38.333 (2020) [29] [258] 3,210,714 (2020) [259]
63 Qingdao   China 222 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 7,050,000 (2022) [19]
82 Quanzhou   China 180 (2022) [96] [97] [98] 8,782,285 (2022) [348]
300+ Quebec City   Canada 35.742 (2020) [10] 832,021 (2020) [11]
300+ Quzhou   China 23.764 (2020) [29] [349] 2,276,184 (2020) [350]
300+ Racine, WI MSA   United States 9.909 (2022) [16] 195,846 (2022) [17]
121 Raleigh-Cary, NC MSA   United States 119.675 (2022) [16] 1,484,338 (2022) [17]
300+ Rapid City, SD MSA   United States 8.459 (2022) [16] 145,159 (2022) [17]
300+ Reading, PA MSA   United States 23.751 (2022) [16] 430,449 (2022) [17]
300+ Recife Mercosur  Brazil 22.81 (2014) [351] 3,741,898 (2010) [352]
300+ Redding, CA MSA   United States 9.921 (2022) [16] 180,930 (2022) [17]
300+ Regensburg European Union  Germany 25.618 (2020) [5] 243,200 (2021) [353]
300+ Reggio Emilia metropolitan area European Union  Italy 21.133 (2020) [5] 525,366 (2023) [354]
300+ Regina, Saskatchewan   Canada 13.02 (2020) [10] 263,236 (2020) [11]
268 Rennes Métropole European Union  France 48.287 (2021) [5] 624,744 (2021) [355]
300+ Reno, NV MSA   United States 40.095 (2022) [16] 500,915 (2022) [17]
70 Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 197.259 (2020) [62] 5,808,518 (2019) [356]
131 Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region European Union  Germany 113.354 (2020) [62] 2,362,000 (2020) [62]
136 Richmond, VA MSA   United States 109.513 (2022) [16] 1,339,182 (2022) [17]
300+ Riga metropolitan area European Union  Latvia 25.207 (2021) [5] 663,012 (2021) [357]
88 Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area Mercosur  Brazil 176.095 (2021) [358] 17,463,349 (2021) [359]
55 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA   United States 237.913 (2022) [16] 4,667,558 (2022) [17]
59 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia

235.180 (2022) [209]

7,109,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Roanoke, VA MSA   United States 19.936 (2022) [16] 314,340 (2022) [17]
300+ Rochester, MN MSA   United States 16.500 (2022) [16] 228,073 (2022) [17]
179 Rochester, NY MSA   United States 75.085 (2022) [16] 1,081,152 (2022) [17]
300+ Rockford, IL MSA   United States 18.129 (2022) [16] 335,342 (2022) [17]
300+ Rockhampton   Australia 5.342 (2018–19) [20] 78,592 (2018) [360]
300+ Rocky Mount, NC MSA   United States 8.097 (2022) [16] 144,090 (2022) [17]
89 Rome metropolitan area European Union  Italy 175.336 (2020) [5] 4,325,591 (2020) [34]
300+ Rome, GA MSA   United States 4.947 (2022) [16] 99,443 (2022) [17]
300+ Rostock European Union  Germany 15.661 (2020) [5] 243,000 (2021) [361]
132 Rotterdam European Union  Netherlands 112.578 (2021) [5] 1,876,165 (2020) [34]
300+ Rzeszów European Union  Poland 8.547 (2020) [5] 195,871 (2021) [362]
300+ Saarbrücken European Union  Germany 33.295 (2020) [5] 700,000 (2021) [363]
87 Sacramento-Roseville-Folsom, CA MSA   United States 176.276 (2022) [16] 2,416,702 (2022) [17]
300+ Saginaw, MI MSA   United States 10.091 (2022) [16] 188,330 (2022) [17]
300+ Saguenay, Quebec   Canada 6.345 (2020) [10] 163,335 (2020) [11]
300+ Saint John, New Brunswick   Canada 4.747 (2020) [10] 131,935 (2020) [11]
114 Saint Petersburg   Russia 128.000 (2021) [364] 6,200,000 (2021) [365] [366]
300+ Saint-Étienne Métropole European Union  France 26.675 (2021) [5] 425,495 (2021) [367]
300+ Salem, OR MSA   United States 24.075 (2022) [16] 436,317 (2022) [17]
300+ Salinas, CA MSA   United States 33.249 (2022) [16] 432,858 (2022) [17]
300+ Salisbury, MD-DE MSA   United States 28.573 (2022) [16] 439,032 (2022) [17]
106 Salt Lake City, UT MSA   United States 135.409 (2022) [16] 1,266,191 (2022) [17]
300+ Salvador Mercosur  Brazil 17.98 (2016) [368] [369] 3,600,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Salzburg European Union  Austria 23.287 (2020) [5] 157,245 (2020) [370]
300+ San Angelo, TX MSA   United States 9.238 (2022) [16] 121,839 (2022) [17]
96 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX MSA   United States 163.061 (2022) [16] 2,655,342 (2022) [17]
37 San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA MSA   United States 295.645 (2022) [16] 3,276,208 (2022) [17]
8 San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA MSA   United States 874.924 (2022) [16] 4,579,599 (2022) [17]
23 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA   United States 410.418 (2022) [16] 1,938,524 (2022) [17]
284 San Juan   Puerto Rico 45.461 (2021) [371] 1,920,000 (2021) [26]
300+ San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA MSA   United States 21.713 (2022) [16] 282,013 (2022) [17]
300+ San Marino   San Marino 1.807 (2023) [372] 34,000 (2023) [372]
300+ San Sebastián metropolitan area European Union  Spain 24.897 (2020) [5] 428,187 (2020) [373]
300+ Sanmenxia   China 21.033 (2020) [29] 2,034,872 (2020) [374]
300+ Sanming   China 39.177 (2020) [29] [258] 2,486,450 (2020) [259]
300+ Santa Cruz de Tenerife metropolitan area European Union  Spain 19.575 (2020) [5] 434,083 (2020) [375]
300+ Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA MSA   United States 19.176 (2022) [16] 264,370 (2022) [17]
300+ Santa Fe, NM MSA   United States 8.797 (2022) [16] 155,664 (2022) [17]
300+ Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA MSA   United States 36.081 (2022) [16] 443,837 (2022) [17]
300+ Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA MSA   United States 36.877 (2022) [16] 482,650 (2022) [17]
300+ Santander metropolitan area European Union  Spain 14.665 (2020) [5] 256,025 (2020) [376]
112 Santiago Metropolitan Region   Chile 128.800 (2023) [377] 8,050,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Santiago de Cali   Colombia 22.100 (2023) [274] 2,925,000 (2023) [23]
300+ Santos Mercosur  Brazil 28.609 (2011) [35] 1,556,718 (2010) [378]
300+ São José dos Campos Mercosur  Brazil 30.148 (2011) [35] 1,419,657 (2010) [379]
300+ São José dos Pinhais Mercosur  Brazil 14.726 (2011) [35] 264,210 (2010) [380]
164 Sapporo   Japan 84.7 (2010) [182] [232] 1,913,545 (2010) [381]
300+ Saskatoon   Canada 15.059 (2020) [10] 336,850 (2020) [11]
300+ Savannah, GA MSA   United States 29.452 (2022) [16] 418,373 (2022) [17]
300+ Schweinfurt European Union  Germany 12.847 (2020) [5] 100,500 (2021) [382]
300+ Scranton–Wilkes-Barre, PA MSA   United States 32.328 (2022) [16] 567,998 (2022) [17]
14 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA   United States 621.369 (2022) [16] 4,034,248 (2022) [17]
300+ Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL MSA   United States 9.573 (2022) [16] 167,352 (2022) [17]
300+ Sebring-Avon Park, FL MSA   United States 3.215 (2022) [16] 105,618 (2022) [17]
300+ Semarang Metropolitan ASEAN  Indonesia 26.057 (2021) [383] 6,608,815 (2021) [383]
258 Sendai   Japan 50 (2015) [384] 1,082,159 (2015) [385]
7 Seoul Capital Area   South Korea 878.535 (2022) [119] 24,800,000 (2022) [19]
300+ Seville metropolitan area European Union  Spain 42.016 (2020) [5] 1,558,006 (2020) [34]
13 Shanghai   China 663.874 (2022) [103] 24,890,106 (2020)
300+ Shantou   China 34.8 (2017) [386] 5,502,031 (2020) [387]
157 Shaoxing   China 86.999 (2020) [29] [349] 5,270,977 (2020) [350]
300+ Sheboygan, WI MSA   United States 8.087 (2022) [16] 117,841 (2022) [17]
300+ Sheffield   United Kingdom 40.6 (2020) [116] [45] 1,570,000 (2020) [15]
148 Shenyang   China 95.276 (2020) [29] 8,000,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Sherbrooke   Canada 7.02 (2020) [10] 224,456 (2020) [11]
300+ Sherman-Denison, TX MSA   United States 6.331 (2022) [16] 143,131 (2022) [17]
167 Shijiazhuang   China 81.252 (2018) [386] 11,235,086 (2020) [388]
300+ Shizuishan   China 7.853 (2020) [29] [389] 751,389 (2020) [390]
281 Shizuoka   Japan 45.8 (2010) [182] [232] 3,765,007 (2010) [391]
300+ Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA   United States 27.363 (2022) [16] 385,154 (2022) [17]
300+ Shuozhou   China 15.955 (2020) [29] [392] 1,593,444 (2020) [393]
300+ Siegen European Union  Germany 16.336 (2020) [5] 101,516 (2021) [394]
300+ Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA   United States 5.698 (2022) [16] 125,663 (2022) [17]
19 Singapore ASEAN  Singapore 515.548 (2023) [372] 5,659,000 (2023) [372]
300+ Sioux City, IA-NE-SD MSA   United States 10.918 (2022) [16] 149,240 (2022) [17]
300+ Sioux Falls, SD MSA   United States 27.770 (2022) [16] 289,592 (2022) [17]
300+ Sofia metropolitan area European Union  Bulgaria 33.042 (2020) [5] 1,300,000 (2020) [15]
300+ Sorocaba Mercosur  Brazil 21.313 (2011) [35] 779,704 (2010) [395]
300+ South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI MSA   United States 19.042 (2022) [16] 323,637 (2022) [17]
300+ Spartanburg, SC MSA   United States 19.485 (2022) [16] 345,831 (2022) [17]
300+ Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA MSA   United States 35.689 (2022) [16] 597,919 (2022) [17]
300+ Springfield, IL MSA   United States 13.952 (2022) [16] 206,655 (2022) [17]
300+ Springfield, MA MSA   United States 40.110 (2022) [16] 694,523 (2022) [17]
300+ Springfield, MO MSA   United States 26.687 (2022) [16] 487,061 (2022) [17]
300+ Springfield, OH MSA   United States 5.500 (2022) [16] 134,831 (2022) [17]
300+ St. CatharinesNiagara Falls   Canada 12.979 (2020) [10] 437,080 (2020) [11]
300+ St. Cloud, MN MSA   United States 12.943 (2022) [16] 201,868 (2022) [17]
300+ St. George, UT MSA   United States 9.561 (2022) [16] 197,680 (2022) [17]
300+ St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador