List of cities by GDP

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

GDP of the ten largest metropolitan economies in the OECD, 2001–2018 [1] [2]

This is a list of cities in the world by gross domestic product (GDP). The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities may be classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions. [3] The methodology of calculating GDP may differ between the studies and are widely based on projections and sometimes approximate estimations, notably for cities that are not within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Refer to sources for more information. Click on the headers to reorganize columns.

Metropolitan city

Major world metropolitan city at least 2.5‰ (per mille/per thousand) world GDP.

Rank (PPP) Rank (nominal) Metropolitan area Country/region UNSD

sub‑region [4]

Visual Capitalist [5]

2021 est. GDP

(billion US$)

Visual Capitalist [6]

2021 est. PPP-adjusted GDP

(billion US$)

1 1 Tokyo   Japan Eastern Asia 2,055.698 2,205.652
2 2 New York   United States North America 1,330.000 1,330.000
3 3 Los Angeles   United States North America 1,133.627 1,133.627
4 6 Seoul   South Korea Eastern Asia 926.790 1,125.042
5 4 London   United Kingdom Northern Europe 978.402 1,064.297
6 5 Paris European Union  France Western Europe 934.168 1,036.925
7 10 Shanghai   China Eastern Asia 633.935 1,018.815
8 16 Moscow   Russia Eastern Europe 504.808 1,004.849
9 12 Beijing   China Eastern Asia 591.374 950.671
10 8 Osaka–Kobe   Japan Eastern Asia 699.474 897.418
11 50 Istanbul   Turkey Western Asia/ Southeast Europe 247.312 858.706
12 34 Jakarta ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 308.250 841.605
13 7 Chicago   United States North America 714.697 714.697
14 18 Shenzhen   China Eastern Asia 455.694 704.486
15 9 Rhine-Ruhr European Union  Germany Western Europe 636.449 698.982
16 25 Guangzhou   China Eastern Asia 405.355 664.854
17 24 Chongqing   China Eastern Asia 407.562 657.985
18 39 Mumbai   India South Asia 277.980 606.625
19 29 Singapore ASEAN  Singapore South-Eastern Asia 374.394 600.063
20 40 Delhi   India South Asia 272.603 594.884
21 11 San Francisco   United States North America 593.629 593.629
22 23 Taipei   Taiwan Eastern Asia 407.838 585.867
23 43 São Paulo Mercosur  Brazil South America 261.642 583.821
24 13 Washington, D.C.   United States North America 578.985 578.985
25 46 Bangkok ASEAN  Thailand South-Eastern Asia 252.128 559.911
26 47 Mexico City   Mexico North America 250.455 547.457
27 35 Suzhou   China Eastern Asia 301.510 526.904
28 14 Dallas–Fort Worth   United States North America 523.854 523.854
29 15 Boston   United States North America 513.211 513.211
30 17 Houston   United States North America 489.377 489.377
31 44 Chengdu   China Eastern Asia 260.409 486.382
32 20 Toronto   Canada North America 452.492 475.232
33 30 Hong Kong   Hong Kong Eastern Asia 368.633 472.395
34 19 Philadelphia   United States North America 455.653 455.653
35 Buenos Aires Mercosur  Argentina South America 444.946
36 21 Seattle   United States North America 444.337 444.337
37 22 Atlanta   United States North America 432.009 432.009
38 Wuhan   China Eastern Asia 409.508
39 Dhaka   Bangladesh South Asia 405.872
40 32 Milan European Union  Italy Southern Europe 329.529 405.516
41 28 Nagoya   Japan Eastern Asia 379.301 403.861
42 49 Hangzhou   China Eastern Asia 248.721 396.722
43 27 Miami   United States North America 388.725 388.725
44 37 Madrid European Union  Spain Southern Europe 280.937 376.565
45 52 Tianjin   China Eastern Asia 235.664 370.885
46 Nanjing   China Eastern Asia 363.228
47 31 San Jose   United States North America 359.111 359.111
26 Sydney   Australia Oceania 398.037
33 Melbourne   Australia Oceania 318.677
33 San Diego   United States North America 283.330
38 Phoenix   United States North America 278.841
41 Minneapolis-St. Paul   United States North America 272.373
42 Detroit   United States North America 267.731
45 Busan-Gyeongnam Area   South Korea Eastern Asia 252.145
48 Munich European Union  Germany Western Europe 249.764
51 Berlin European Union  Germany Western Europe 243.160

List

Each of the columns in the table is sortable by pressing on the arrows at the head of the column:

Rank City proper/ metropolitan area Country/region UNSD

sub‑region [4]

Official est. GDP

up to date (billion US$)

Brookings [7] 2014 est.

PPP-adjusted GDP (billion US$)

Metropolitan population Official est. GDP per capita
128 Aachen- Liège- Maastricht European Union  Germany  Belgium  Netherlands Western Europe 99.728 3,500,000 (2014) [8] metropolitan population for Dutch-Belgian-German region. [9] 28,493.71
300+ Abbotsford, British Columbia   Canada North America 6.119 (2018) [10] [11] 205,847 (2021) [12] 29,725.96
300+ Aberdeen   United Kingdom Northern Europe 16.986 (2013) [13] 489,815 (2016) [14] 34,678.40
300+ Abidjan   Ivory Coast Africa 27 (2017) [15] 5,950,000 (2022) [16] 4,537.82
108 Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates Western Asia 119 (2015) [17] 178.256 1,660,000 (2022) [16] 71,686.75
189 Adelaide   Australia Oceania 64.461 (2018–19) [18] 47.433 1,380,000 (2022) [16] 46,710.87
183 Ahmedabad   India South Asia 68 (2017) [19] 9,050,000 (2022) [16] 7,513.81
292 Akron   United States North America 36.800 (2018) [20] 32.849 702,219 (2020) [21] 52,405.30
208 Albany   United States North America 59.657 (2018) [20] 58.397 899,262 (2020) [21] 66,339.95
261 Albuquerque   United States North America 42.896 (2018) [20] 39.913 916,528 (2020) [21] 46,802.72
300+ Alexandria   Egypt Africa 32.4 6,050,000 (2022) [16] 5,355.37
249 Allentown   United States North America 45.024 (2018) [20] 37.297 861,889 (2020) [21] 52,238.75
297 Almaty   Kazakhstan Central Asia 36 (2010) [22] 53.099 2,250,000 (2022) [16] 16,000.00
56 Amsterdam- Rotterdam European Union  Netherlands Western Europe 223.0 (2015) [23] 320.6 5,800,000 (2022) [16] 38,448.28
300+ Anápolis Mercosur  Brazil South America 6.740 (2011) [24] 391,772 (2020) [25] 17,203.88
121 Ankara   Turkey Western Asia 104.863 5,250,000 (2022) [16] 19,973.90
184 Anshan   China Eastern Asia 67.432 2,350,000 (2022) [16] 28,694.47
300+ Arnhem- Nijmegen European Union  Netherlands Western Europe 27.9 (2016) [23] 44.412 648,565 (2014) [26] [27] 43,018.05
137 Athens European Union  Greece Southern Europe 93.7 (2015) [23] 129.623 3,500,000 (2022) [16] 26,771.43
22 Atlanta   United States North America 432.009 (2021) [5] 294.42 6,000,000 (2022) [16] 72,001.50
165 Auckland   New Zealand Oceania 79.662 (2020) [28] 49.52 1,470,000 (2022) [16] 54,191.84
120 Austin   United States North America 106.784 (2018) [20] 107.364 2,075,000 (2022) [16] 51,462.17
239 Bakersfield   United States North America 49.514 (2018) [20] 47.866 909,235 (2020) [21] 54,456.77
300+ Ballarat   Australia Oceania 4.460 (2018–19) [18] 109,553 (2020) [29] 40,710.89
57 Baltimore   United States North America 215.487 (2019) [20] 173.747 2,844,510 (2020) [21] 75,755.40
281 Bandung ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 38.3(2021) [30] 6,850,000 (2022) [16] 5,591.24
299 Batam ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 35.3 1,170,000 (2022) [16] 30,170.94
46 Bangkok ASEAN  Thailand South-Eastern Asia 252.128 (2021) [5] 306.765 19,900,000 (2022) [16] 12,669.75
268 Baotou   China Eastern Asia 40.8 (2017) [31] 94.124 2,150,000 (2022) [16] 18,976.74
69 Barcelona European Union  Spain Southern Europe 173.315 (2017) [23] 171.032 4,900,000 (2022) [16] 35,370.41
300+ Barrie   Canada North America 6.296 (2018) [10] [11] 221,576 (2021) [12] 28,414.63
218 Basel- Mulhouse    Switzerland  France Western Europe 56.166 424,287 (2018) [32] [33] 132,377.38
217 Baton Rouge   United States North America 56.315 (2018) [20] 53.535 870,569 (2020) [21] 64,687.58
12 Beijing   China Eastern Asia 591.374 (2021) [5] 506.137 20,500,000 (2022) [16] 28,847.51
300+ Belfast   United Kingdom Northern Europe 25.5 (2015) [23] 671,559 (2011) [34] 37,971.35
300+ Belgrade   Serbia Southern Europe 17.4 (2014) [35] 1,430,000 (2022) [16] 12,167.83
300+ Belleville, Ontario   Canada North America 4.046 (2018) [10] [11] 112,980 (2021) [12] 35,811.65
221 Belo Horizonte Mercosur  Brazil South America 54.996 (2011) [24] 84.686 5,100,000 (2022) [16] 10,783.53
300+ Bendigo   Australia Oceania 3.961 (2018–19) [18] 100,632 (2021) [36] 39,361.24
157 Bengaluru   India South Asia 83 (2021) [37] 45.313 13,200,000 (2022) [16] 6,287.88
51 Berlin European Union  Germany Western Europe 243.16 (2021) [5] 157.706 4,750,000 (2022) [16] 51,191.58
300+ Bhopal   India South Asia 3.96 (2016–17) [38] 2,550,000 (2022) [16] 1,552.94
234 Bielefeld- Detmold European Union  Germany Western Europe 50.483 665,959 (2020) [39] [40] 75,804.97
290 Bilbao European Union  Spain Southern Europe 36.9 (2015) [23] 38.518 1,137,191 (2019) [41] 32,448.37
106 Birmingham   United Kingdom Northern Europe 121.067 3,150,000 (2022) [16] 38,433.97
194 Birmingham, Alabama   United States North America 62.881 (2018) [20] 54.164 1,115,289 (2020) [21] 56,380.90
83 Bogotá   Colombia South America 159.85 10,000,000 (2022) [16] 15,985.00
269 Bologna European Union  Italy Southern Europe 40.6 (2017) [42] 36.331 1,017,196 (2019) [43] 39,913.64
219 Bordeaux European Union  France Western Europe 55.9 (2015) [23] 40.189 1,120,000 (2022) [16] 49,910.71
15 Boston   United States North America 513.211 (2021) [5] 360.11 6,173,421 (2022) [16] 83,132.35
300+ Brantford   Canada North America 4.534 (2018) [10] [11] 154,483 (2021) [12] 29,349.51
187 Brasília Mercosur  Brazil South America 65.338 (2015)( 8th) 141.916 4,100,000 (2022) [16] 15,936.10
247 Braunschweig- Wolfsburg European Union  Germany Western Europe 45.543 1,150,000 (2012) [44] 39,602.61
300+ Bremen European Union  Germany Western Europe 30.4 (2015) [45] 47.874 1,000,000 (2022) [16] 30,400.00
143 Bridgeport   United States North America 89.387 (2018) [20] 69.963 957,419 (2020) [21] 93,362.47
66 Brisbane   Australia Oceania 177 (2018–19) [18] 96.621 2,620,873 (2022) [16] 67,534.75
300+ Bristol   United Kingdom Northern Europe 26.9 (2017) [23] 47.659 1,157,937 (2019) [41] 23,230.97
130 Brussels European Union  Belgium Western Europe 99 (2019) [46] 254.327 2,725,000 (2022) [16] 36,330.28
192 Bucharest European Union  Romania Southern Europe 63.43 (2021) [47] 72.426 2,200,000 (2022) [16] 28,831.82
212 Budapest European Union  Hungary Central Europe 58.5 (2016) [23] 97.957 2,650,000 (2022) [16] 22,075.47
151 Buenos Aires Mercosur  Argentina South America 84.7 (2011) [48] 315.885 16,800,000 (2022) [16] 18,750.00
225 Buffalo   United States North America 53 (2019) [49] 72.657 1,166,902 (2020) [21] 45,419.41
163 Bursa   Turkey Western Asia 80.063 2,175,000 (2022) [16] 36,810.57
45 Busan-Gyeongnam Area   South Korea Eastern Asia 252.145 (2021) [5] 296.51 7,038,129 (2022) [16] 35,825.57
300+ Cairns   Australia Oceania 10.709 (2018–19) [18] 153,951 (2019) [50] 69,561.09
125 Cairo   Egypt Africa 102.165 21,900,000 (2022) [16] 4,665.07
150 Calgary   Canada North America 85.259 (2018) [10] [11] 97.882 1,520,000 (2022) [16] 56,091.45
270 Campinas Mercosur  Brazil South America 40.525 (2011) [24] 59.251 3,275,000 (2022) [16] 12,374.05
300+ Campo Grande Mercosur  Brazil South America 9.59 (2013) [51] 916,001 (2021) 19th 10,469.42
300+ Campos dos Goytacazes Mercosur  Brazil South America 5.358 (2016) [52] 511,168 (2020) [53] 10,481.88
300+ Canberra   Australia Oceania 30.909 (2018–19) [18] 431,380 (2020) [54] 71,651.44
210 Cape Town   South Africa Africa 58.863 4,375,000 (2022) [16] 13,454.40
178 Caracas Mercosur  Venezuela South America 70 (2012) [55] 51.804 3,800,000 (2022) [16] 18,421.05
300+ Cardiff- Newport   United Kingdom Northern Europe 33.7 (2016) [23] 36.009 1,135,795 (2018) [41] 29,670.85
286 Casablanca   Morocco Africa 37.888 4,625,000 (2022) [16] 8,192.00
300+ Chandigarh   India South Asia 17.30 (2017) [19] 2,500,000 (2022) [16] 6,920.00
134 Changchun   China Eastern Asia 96.7 (2017) [31] 124.455 4,375,000 (2022) [16] 22,102.86
63 Changsha   China Eastern Asia 189 (2020) [56] 186.412 10,000,000 (2022) [16] 18,900.00
131 Changzhou   China Eastern Asia 98.1 (2017) [31] 110.874 12,400,000 (2015) [57] 7,911.29
73 Charlotte   United States North America 169.862 (2018) [20] 126.156 2,525,000 (2022) [16] 67,272.08
44 Chengdu   China Eastern Asia 260.409 (2021) [5] 233.525 15,200,000 (2022) [16] 17,132.17
186 Chennai   India South Asia 66 (2012) [37] 58.625 11,900,000 (2022) [16] 5,546.22
263 Coimbatore   India South Asia 42 (2021) 2,850,000 (2022) [16] 14,736.84
7 Chicago   United States North America 714.697 (2021) [5] 563.188 2,670,406 (2022) [16] 267,636.08
300+ Chittagong   Bangladesh South Asia 67.83 (2021) [58] 5,100,000 (2022) [16] 4,941.18
24 Chongqing   China Eastern Asia 407.562 (2021) [5] 315.581 10,100,000 (2022) [16] 40,352.67
92 Cincinnati   United States North America 141.052 (2018) [20] 110.897 2,035,951 (2022) [16] 69,280.65
97 Cleveland   United States North America 135 (2019) [59] 115.142 2,397,781 (2022) [16] 56,302.06
300+ Cocos (Keeling) Islands   Cocos (Keeling) Islands South-Eastern Asia 0.01101255 (2010) [60] 544 (2016) [61] 20,243.66
259 Columbia   United States North America 43.118 (2018) [20] 37.174 829,470 (2020) [21] 51,982.59
99 Columbus   United States North America 134 (2019) [62] 108.904 1,790,000 (2022) [16] 74,860.34
98 Copenhagen European Union  Denmark Northern Europe 134.4 (2017) [63] 127.001 [Note 1] 1,750,000 (2022) [16] 76,800.00
300+ Cork European Union  Ireland Northern Europe 24.0 (2015) 305,222 (2017) [64] 78,631.29
300+ Coventry   United Kingdom Northern Europe 32.226 (2017) [65] [66] 651,600 (2016) [67] 49,456.72
214 Curitiba Mercosur  Brazil South America 58.082 (2011) [24] 57.654 3,500,000 (2022) [16] 16,594.86
216 Daegu   South Korea Eastern Asia 56.9 (2018) [20] 54.456 2,750,000 (2022) [16] 20,690.91
278 Daejeon   South Korea Eastern Asia 39.6 (2018) [20] 39.614 1,540,000 (2022) [16] 25,714.29
117 Dalian   China Eastern Asia 109.1 (2017) [31] 198.805 5,050,000 (2022) [16] 21,603.96
14 Dallas–Fort Worth   United States North America 523.854 (2021) [5] 412.674 1,400,337 (2022) [16] 374,091.38
300+ Dar es Salaam   Tanzania Africa 10.4 (2019) [68] 6,750,000 (2022) [16] 1,540.74
276 Daqing   China Eastern Asia 39.7 (2017) [31] 98.451 1,820,000 (2022) [16] 21,813.19
257 Dayton   United States North America 43.254 (2018) [20] 37.51 814,049 (2020) [21] 53,134.39
40 Delhi   India South Asia 123.90 (2021) [5] 293.637 32,400,000 (2022) [16] 8,413.67
55 Denver   United States North America 227.395 (2019) [20] 169.737 3,875,000 (2022) [16] 58,682.58
235 Des Moines   United States North America 50.339 (2018) [20] 39.464 709,466 (2020) [21] 70,953.36
42 Detroit   United States North America 267.731 (2021) [5] 207.538 5,498,884 (2022) [16] 48,688.24
39 Dhaka   Bangladesh South Asia 253.30 (2021) [69] 20,900,000 (2022) [16] 7,655.50
113 Dongguan   China Eastern Asia 112.3 (2017) [31] 141.129 10,486,625 (2020) [70] 10,708.88
198 Dongying   China Eastern Asia 61.89 (2018) [31] 83.667 2,193,518 (2020) [71] [72] 28,214.95
124 Dubai   United Arab Emirates Western Asia 102.67 (2018) [73] 82.867 4,775,251 (2022) [16] 21,500.44
109 Dublin European Union  Ireland Northern Europe 118.72 (2019) [74] 90.137 1,420,000 (2022) [16] 83,605.63
241 Durban   South Africa Africa 48.908 3,525,000 (2022) [16] 13,874.61
222 Durham   United States North America 54.687 (2018) [20] 36.966 649,903 (2020) 84,146.40
220 East Rand   South Africa Africa 55.337 3,178,470 17,409.95
264 Edinburgh   United Kingdom Northern Europe 41.8 (2016) [23] 32.497 901,455 (2020) [75] 46,369.48
179 Edmonton   Canada North America 69.49 (2019) [10] [11] 82.958 1,370,000 (2022) [16] 50,768.45
139 Eindhoven- Den Bosch European Union  Netherlands Western Europe 91.539 1,944,588 (2015) [76] 47,073.72
300+ El Paso   United States North America 32.570 (2018) [20] 32.659 1,050,000 (2022) [16] 31,019.05
260 Faisalabad   Pakistan South Asia 43 (2013) [77] 3,850,000 (2022) [16] 11,168.83
272 Florence European Union  Italy Southern Europe 40.1 (2015) [23] 52.536 383,083 (2016) [78] 104,677.05
300+ Fortaleza Mercosur  Brazil South America 21.7 (2012) [79] 35.153 3,750,000 (2022) [16] 5,786.67
90 Foshan   China Eastern Asia 141.4 (2017) [31] 184.543 9,498,863 (2020) [80] 14,885.99
54 Frankfurt European Union  Germany Western Europe 229.985 3,275,000 (2022) [16] 70,224.43
243 Fresno   United States North America 47.408 (2018) [20] 45.508 1,000,000 (2022) [16] 47,408.00
65 Fukuoka–Kitakyushu   Japan Eastern Asia 185 (2013) [81] 193.34 4,765,000 (2022) [16] 38,824.76
110 Fuzhou   China Eastern Asia 118.683 (2018) [82] 117.441 4,450,000 (2022) [16] 26,670.34
300+ Geelong   Australia Oceania 8.725 (2018–19) [18] 268,984 (2021) [83] [84] 32,436.87
252 Geneva    Switzerland Western Europe 43.98 201,818 (2018) [85] 217,919.12
300+ George Town ASEAN  Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 22.25 37.993 2,050,000 (2022) [16] 10,853.66
300+ Gibraltar   Gibraltar Southern Europe 3.265 (2022) [86] [87] 34,003 (2020) [88] 96,020.94
300+ Gladstone   Australia Oceania 4.464 (2018–19) [18] 45,130 (2018) [89] 98,914.25
185 Glasgow   United Kingdom Northern Europe 66.4 (2016) [23] 56.747 1,690,000 (2022) [16] 39,289.94
153 Gothenburg European Union  Sweden Northern Europe 84.4 (2016) [23] 40.009 1,051,345 (2020) [90] 80,278.12
300+ Gold Coast   Australia Oceania 26.669 (2018–19) [18] 679,127 (2018) [91] 39,269.53
201 Grand Rapids   United States North America 61.615 (2018) [20] 51.564 1,087,592 (2020) [21] 56,652.68
258 Greensboro   United States North America 43.154 (2018) [20] 40.883 1,140,000 (2022) [16] 37,854.39
245 Greenville   United States North America 46.431 (2018) [20] 35.617 928,195 (2020) [21] 50,022.89
300+ Goiânia Mercosur  Brazil South America 22.763 (2011) [24] 2,500,000 (2022) [16] 9,105.20
161 Guadalajara   Mexico North America 80.656 5,650,000 (2022) [16] 14,275.40
25 Guangzhou   China Eastern Asia 405.355 (2021) [5] 380.264 24,767,452 (2022) [16] 16,366.44
300+ Guelph   Canada North America 7.809 (2018) [10] [11] 169,674 (2021) [12] 46,023.55
300+ Gujranwala   Pakistan South Asia 21.486 (2017) [92] 2,975,000 (2022) [16] 7,222.02
291 Gwangju   South Korea Eastern Asia 36.8 (2018) [20] 36.66 1,630,000 (2022) [16] 22,576.69
271 Haifa   Israel Western Asia 40.4 1,050,000 (2019) [93] 38,476.19
300+ Halifax, Nova Scotia   Canada North America 17.589 (2018) [10] [11] 460,274 (2021) [12] 38,214.19
223 Hamamatsu   Japan Eastern Asia 54.3 (2010) [94] [95] 52.269 1,310,000 (2022) [16] 41,450.38
96 Hamburg European Union  Germany Western Europe 138.04 (2018) [96] 161.437 2,875,000 (2022) [16] 48,013.91
300+ Hamilton, Ontario   Canada North America 28.34 (2018) [10] [11] 812,528 (2021) [12] 34,878.80
49 Hangzhou   China Eastern Asia 248.721 (2021) [5] 219.509 12,500,000 (2022) [16] 19,897.68
227 Hannover European Union  Germany Western Europe 51.5 (2015) [45] 59.629 1,140,000 (2022) [16] 45,175.44
262 Hanoi ASEAN  Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 42.04 [97] 4,125,000 (2022) [16] 10,191.52
135 Harbin   China Eastern Asia 94.1 (2017) [31] 127.918 5,300,000 (2022) [16] 17,754.72
274 Harrisburg   United States North America 39.896 (2018) [20] 35.058 1,360,000 (2022) [16] 29,335.29
129 Hartford   United States North America 99.465 (2018) [20] 101.15 990,838 (2022) [16] 100,384.72
91 Hefei   China Eastern Asia 141.135 (2019) [31] 120.875 7,150,000 (2022) [16] 19,739.16
140 Helsinki European Union  Finland Northern Europe 90.8 (2015) [23] 77.084 1,500,000 (2022) [16] 60,533.33
202 Hiroshima   Japan Eastern Asia 61.3 (2010) [98] [95] 74.932 1,870,000 (2022) [16] 32,780.75
300+ Hobart   Australia Oceania 11.388 (2018–19) [18] 232,670 (2020) [99] 48,944.86
199 Ho Chi Minh City ASEAN  Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 61.7 (2019) [100] 71.005 10,900,000 (2022) [16] 5,660.55
30 Hong Kong China  Hong Kong Eastern Asia 368.137 (2021) [101] 416.047 7,413,070 (2021) [102] 49,660.53
181 Honolulu   United States North America 69.252 (2018) [20] 58.635 1,010,000 (2022) [16] 68,566.34
17 Houston   United States North America 489.377 (2021) [5] 483.184 2,378,146 (2022) [16] 205,780.89
280 Hsinchu   Taiwan Eastern Asia 38.379 448,207 (2020) [103] 85,627.85
238 Huhehaote   China Eastern Asia 49.62 (2015) [104] 70.074 3,446,100 (2020) [105] 14,398.89
300+ Huntsville   United States North America 27.558 (2018) [20] 491,723 (2020) [21] 56,043.75
173 Hyderabad   India South Asia 74 (2016) [106] 40.186 10,700,000 (2022) [16] 6,915.89
93 Indianapolis   United States North America 140.762 (2018) [20] 113.606 2,075,000 (2022) [16] 67,837.11
300+ Indore   India South Asia 6.294(2016–17) [38] [19] 3,400,000 (2022) [16] 1,851.24
50 Istanbul   Turkey Western Asia 247.312 (2021) [5] 348.721 16,500,000 (2022) [16] 14,988.61
164 Izmir   Turkey Western Asia 80.061 3,075,000 (2022) [16] 26,036.10
156 Jacksonville   United States North America 83.186 (2018) [20] 63.789 1,530,000 (2022) [16] 54,369.93
273 Jaipur   India South Asia 40.0 (2020–21) [107] [19] 4,175,000 (2022) [16] 9,580.84
34 Jakarta ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 304.2(2021) [108] [30] [109] 321.315 26,704,514 (2022) [16] 11,391.33
81 Jeddah- Mecca   Saudi Arabia Western Asia 160.617 7,550,000 (2022) [16] 21,273.77
242 Jerusalem   Israel Western Asia 48.0 (2015) [110] 1,030,000 (2022) [16] 46,601.94
101 Jinan   China Eastern Asia 132.933 (2018) [31] 136.811 6,200,000 (2022) [16] 21,440.81
169 Johannesburg   South Africa Africa 76 (2014) [111] 82.918 8,400,042 (2022) [16] 9,047.57
300+ Jundiaí Mercosur  Brazil South America 20.081 (2011) [24] 423,006 (2020) [112] 47,472.14
300+ Kabul   Afghanistan South Asia 6 4,625,000 (2022) [16] 1,297.30
300+ Kagoshima   Japan Eastern Asia 34.318 1,126,639 (2015) [113] 30,460.51
102 Kansas City   United States North America 132.703 (2018) [20] 105.945 2,050,000 (2022) [16] 64,733.17
142 Kaohsiung   Taiwan Eastern Asia 90 (2008) 113.647 2,775,000 (2022) [16] 32,432.43
79 Karachi   Pakistan South Asia 164 (2019) [114] [115] [116] 14,910,352 (2022) [16] 11,000.00
288 Karlsruhe European Union  Germany Western Europe 37.6 (2015) [23] 137.071 308,436 (2020) [117] 121,905.35
284 Katowice European Union  Poland Central Europe 37.9 (2015) [23] 122.321 2,300,000 (2022) [16] 16,478.26
300+ Kaunas European Union  Lithuania Northern Europe 10.0 (2016) [118] 381,007 (2020) [119] 26,246.24
300+ Kelowna   Canada North America 7.996 (2018) [10] [11] 229,400 (2021) [12] 34,856.15
300+ Kyiv   Ukraine Eastern Europe 27.5 (2020) [120] 3,500,000 (2022) [16] 7,857.00
300+ Kingston, Ontario   Canada North America 7.331 (2018) [10] [11] 176,467 (2021) [12] 41,543.18
300+ Kingston-upon-Hull   United Kingdom Northern Europe 17.7 (2016) [23] 573,300 (2019) 30,873.89
300+ Kitchener, Ontario   Canada North America 23.514 (2018) [10] [11] 600,304 (2021) [12] 39,170.15
300+ Klaipėda European Union  Lithuania Northern Europe 6.0 (2016) [121] 209,240 (2020) 28,675.21
255 Knoxville   United States North America 43.307 (2018) [20] 38.347 879,773 (2020) [21] 49,225.20
142 Kolkata   India South Asia 90 (2021) 60.447 17,200,000 (2022) [16] 5,232.56
300+ Krakow European Union  Poland Central Europe 22.0 (2015) [23] 33.116 1,725,894 (2020) 12,747.02
206 Kuala Lumpur ASEAN  Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 59.831 (2019) [82] 171.778 9,100,000 (2022) [16] 6,574.84
275 Kumamoto   Japan Eastern Asia 39.8 (2010) [94] [122] 41.824 1,150,000 (2022) [16] 34,608.70
175 Kunming   China Eastern Asia 72.0 (2017) [31] 88.631 6,000,000 (2022) [16] 12,000.00
76 Kuwait City   Kuwait Western Asia 166.452 4,325,000 (2022) [16] 38,486.01
170 Lagos   Nigeria Africa 74.67 (2010) [123] 20,700,000 (2022) [16] 3,607.25
154 Lahore   Pakistan South Asia 84 (2019) [124] [125] [126] [127] 13,900,000 (2022) [16] 6,043.16
300+ Launceston   Australia Oceania 3.961 (2018–19) [18] 110,500 (2021) [128] 35,846.15
105 Las Vegas   United States North America 122.423 (2018) [20] 93.858 2,300,000 (2022) [16] 53,227.39
148 Leeds   United Kingdom Northern Europe 86.166 (2017) [65] [66] 74.577 2,175,000 (2022) [16] 39,616.55
244 Leicester   United Kingdom Northern Europe 46.8 (2016) [23] 836,484 (2011) [129] 55,948.47
300+ Leipzig- Halle European Union  Germany Western Europe 33.4 (2015) [23] 39.592 1,049,342 (2020) [90] 31,829.47
300+ Lethbridge   Canada North America 5.047 (2018) [10] [11] 130,027 (2021) [12] 38,815.02
155 Lille European Union  France Western Europe 83.3 (2015) [23] 98.484 1,310,000 (2022) [16] 63,587.79
67 Lima   Peru South America 176.447 11,400,000 (2022) [16] 15,477.81
285 Linz European Union  Austria Central Europe 37.9 (2015) [23] 44.551 271,234 (2018) [130] 139,731.74
116 Lisbon European Union  Portugal Southern Europe 110.0 (2015) [23] 125.282 2,975,000 (2022) [16] 44,444.44
282 Little Rock   United States North America 38.252 (2018) [20] 40.662 748,031 (2020) [21] 51,136.92
277 Liverpool   United Kingdom Northern Europe 39.641 (2017) [65] [66] 65.766 1,880,000 (2022) [16] 21,085.64
4 London   United Kingdom Northern Europe 978.402 (2021) [5] 835.658 14,800,000 (2022) [16] 66,108.24
300+ London, Ontario   Canada North America 21.455 (2018) [10] [11] 556,397 (2021) [12] 38,560.60
3 Los Angeles   United States North America 1,133.627 (2021) [5] 860.452 4,085,014 (2022) [16] 277,508.72
174 Louisville   United States North America 72.093 (2018) [20] 62.397 1,080,000 (2022) [16] 66,752.78
300+ Lucknow   India South Asia 7.68 (2019–20) [131] 3,900,000 (2022) [16] 1,969.23
180 Luxembourg City- Trier European Union  Luxembourg European Union  Germany Western Europe 69.453 (2019) [132] 62.464 239,186 (2022) [133] 290,372.35
145 Lyon European Union  France Western Europe 88.2 (2016) [23] 97.006 2,000,000 (2022) [16] 44,100.00
300+ Macau China  Macau Eastern Asia 29.905 (2021) [101] 53.888 682,300 (2021) 43,829.69
300+ Mackay   Australia Oceania 6.540 (2018–19) [18] 80,148 (2018) [134] 81,599.04
228 Madison   United States North America 51.481 (2018) [20] 41.803 680,796 (2020) [21] 75,618.83
37 Madrid European Union  Spain Southern Europe 280.937 (2021) [5] 262.335 6,800,000 (2022) [16] 41,314.26
287 Makassar ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 37.7 1,760,000 (2022) [16] 21,420.45
300+ Manaus Mercosur  Brazil South America 30.375 (2014) [135] 2,275,000 (2022) [16] 13,351.65
112 Manchester   United Kingdom Northern Europe 113.3 (2001) [136] 92.26 3,100,000 (2022) [16] 36,548.39
61 Manila ASEAN  Philippines South-Eastern Asia 192.6 (2018) 182.842 26,400,000 (2022) [16] 7,295.45
122 Marseille European Union  France Western Europe 104.1 (2015) [23] 60.282 1,690,000 (2022) [16] 61,597.63
254 Medellín   Colombia South America 43.462 4,150,000 (2022) [16] 10,472.77
226 Medan ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 52.4 (2019) [137] 4,075,000 (2022) [16] 12,858.90
33 Melbourne   Australia Oceania 318.677 (2021) [5] 178.392 5,150,000 (2022) [16] 61,879.03
167 Memphis   United States North America 76.749 (2018) [20] 65.021 1,150,000 (2022) [16] 66,738.26
47 Mexico City   Mexico North America 250.455 (2021) [5] 403.561 24,700,000 (2022) [16] 10,139.88
28 Miami   United States North America 388.725 (2021) [5] 262.697 6,300,000 (2022) [16] 61,702.38
32 Milan European Union  Italy Southern Europe 329.529 (2021) [5] 312.108 6,150,000 (2022) [16] 53,581.95
123 Milwaukee   United States North America 103.731 (2018) [20] 86.548 1,540,000 (2022) [16] 67,357.79
41 Minneapolis/St. Paul   United States North America 272.373 (2021) [5] 211.398 3,690,261 (2020) [21] 73,808.60
300+ Minsk   Belarus Eastern Europe 22 (2021) [138] 2,000,000 (2022) [16] 11,000.00
300+ Monaco   Monaco Western Europe 7.424 (2019) [139] 38,300 (2019) [140] 193,838.12
300+ Moncton   Canada North America 5.874 (2018) [10] [11] 162,422 (2021) [12] 36,165.05
94 Monterrey   Mexico North America 140 (2015) [141] 122.896 5,750,000 (2022) [16] 24,347.83
237 Montevideo Mercosur  Uruguay South America 49.7 (2020) [142] 1,870,000 (2022) [16] 26,577.54
71 Montreal   Canada North America 171.253 (2018) [10] [11] 155.905 4,275,000 (2022) [16] 40,059.18
31 Moscow   Russia Eastern Europe 347 (2020) [143] 553.318 17,400,000 (2022) [16] 19,942.53
300+ Multan   Pakistan South Asia 17.425 (2016) 2,225,000 (2022) [16] 7,831.46
38 Mumbai   India South Asia 277.98 (2021) [5] 400 [144] [145] 26,100,000 (2022) [16] 10,650.57
48 Munich European Union  Germany Western Europe 249.764 (2021) [5] 219.943 2,275,000 (2022) [16] 109,786.37
29 Nagoya   Japan Eastern Asia 379.301 (2021) [5] 363.751 10,500,000 (2022) [16] 36,123.90
300+ Nagpur   India South Asia 18.4 (2019–20) [146] [19] 3,375,000 (2022) [16] 5,451.85
300+ Nairobi   Kenya Africa 14.8 (2019) [147] 6,300,000 (2022) [16] 2,349.21
172 Nanchang   China Eastern Asia 74.1 (2017) [31] 95.99 4,625,000 (2022) [16] 16,021.62
58 Nanjing   China Eastern Asia 214.7 (2020) 202.695 8,850,000 (2022) [16] 24,259.89
203 Nanning   China Eastern Asia 61.0 (2017) [31] 70.276 4,850,000 (2022) [16] 12,577.32
230 Nantes European Union  France Western Europe 51.0 (2016) [23] 32.014 1,003,395 (2020) [90] 50,827.44
104 Nantong   China Eastern Asia 126.405 (2018) [31] 128.3 3,125,000 (2022) [16] 40,449.60
195 Naples European Union  Italy Southern Europe 62.8 (2015) [23] 85.476 4,125,000 (2022) [16] 15,224.24
103 Nashville   United States North America 132.202 (2018) [20] 94.968 1,550,000 (2022) [16] 85,291.61
224 New Haven   United States North America 53.613 (2018) [20] 53.344 864,835 (2020) [21] 61,992.17
162 New Orleans   United States North America 80.287 (2018) [20] 74.225 1,010,000 (2022) [16] 79,492.08
2 New York   United States North America 1,874.398 (2021) [5] 1,403.463 8,930,002 (2022) [16] 209,898.95
300+ Newcastle   Australia Oceania 11.554 (2018–19) [18] 322,278 (2016) [148] 35,851.04
296 Newcastle   United Kingdom Northern Europe 36.0 (2016) [23] 52.595 1,500,000 (2022) [16] 35,000.00 [149]
295 Nice European Union  France Western Europe 36.0 (2016) [23] 45.984 1,082,139 (2018) [41] 33,267.45
294 Amiens European Union  France Western Europe 36.1 (2015) [23] 135,429 (2021) [150] 266,560.34
256 Niigata   Japan Eastern Asia 43.3 (2010) [151] [122] 50.271 1,395,612 (2015) [113] 31,025.82
62 Ningbo   China Eastern Asia 191.68 (2020) [152] 178.985 6,850,000 (2022) [16] 27,982.48
231 Nottingham- Derby   United Kingdom Northern Europe 50.972 1,610,000 (2015) [153] 31,659.63
77 Nürnberg-Fürth European Union  Germany Western Europe 164.6 (2014) [154] 74.508 1,443,000 (2006) [155] 114,067.91
193 Okayama   Japan Eastern Asia 63.1 (2010) [94] [122] 56.799 2,175,000 (2022) [16] 29,011.49
160 Oklahoma City   United States North America 81.016 (2018) [20] 70.01 1,170,000 (2022) [16] 69,244.44
196 Omaha   United States North America 62.760 (2018) [20] 51.207 967,604 (2020) [21] 64,861.24
300+ Orange   Australia Oceania 3.204 (2018–19) [18] 40,493 (2018) [91] 79,124.79
95 Orlando   United States North America 138.947 (2018) [20] 116.233 3,575,000 (2022) [16] 38,866.29
8 Osaka–Kobe   Japan Eastern Asia 699.474 (2021) [5] 671.295 [Note 2] 17,700,000 (2022) [16] 39,518.31
300+ Oshawa   Canada North America 10.923 (2018) [10] [11] 434,736 (2021) [12] 25,125.59
176 Oslo   Norway Northern Europe 71.68 (2016) [156] 74.356 1,220,000 (2022) [16] 58,754.10
188 Ottawa   Canada North America 64.686 (2018) [10] [11] 1,476,756 (2021) [12] 43,802.77
209 Oxnard   United States North America 59.631 (2018) [20] 46.26 843,843 (2020) [21] 70,665.99
300+ Palembang ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 16.6(2021) [157] 1,720,000 (2022) [16] 9,651.16
5 Paris European Union  France Western Europe 934.168 (2021) [5] 715.08 11,400,000 (2022) [16] 81,944.56
300+ Patna   India South Asia 12.635 (2011–12) [158] 2,800,000 (2022) [16] 4,512.61
115 Perth   Australia Oceania 111.056 (2018–19) [18] 134.021 2,125,000 (2022) [16] 52,261.65
300+ Peterborough, Ontario   Canada North America 3.887 (2018) [10] [11] 131,608 (2021) [12] 29,534.68
19 Philadelphia   United States North America 455.653 (2021) [5] 346.455 1,590,402 (2022) [16] 286,501.78
38 Phoenix   United States North America 278.841 (2021) [5] 207.065 1,743,469 (2022) [16] 159,934.59
87 Pittsburgh   United States North America 152.840 (2018) [20] 138.429 2,075,000 (2022) [16] 73,657.83
78 Portland   United States North America 164.419 (2018) [20] 158.544 2,450,000 (2022) [16] 67,109.80
300+ Porto European Union  Portugal Southern Europe 31.3 (2015) [23] 42.983 1,550,000 (2022) [16] 20,193.55
248 Porto Alegre Mercosur  Brazil South America 45.506 (2011) [24] 62.136 4,175,000 (2022) [16] 10,899.64
298 Portsmouth- Southampton   United Kingdom Northern Europe 35.5 (2016) [23] 51.641 1,547,000 (2006) [155] 22,947.64
190 Prague European Union  Czech Republic Central Europe 64 (2018) [159] 89.181 1,470,000 (2022) [16] 43,537.41
236 Pretoria   South Africa Africa 49.948 2,921,488 (2011) [160] 17,096.77
146 Providence   United States North America 87.414 (2018) [20] 78.114 1,676,579 (2020) [21] 52,138.31
300+ Puebla   Mexico North America 31.102 (2019) [161] 38.123 4,100,000 (2022) [16] 7,585.85
182 Pune   India South Asia 69 (2017) [19] 7,350,000 (2022) [16] 9,387.76
80 Qingdao   China Eastern Asia 163.5 (2017) [31] 208.691 7,050,000 (2022) [16] 23,191.49
293 Quebec City   Canada North America 36.247 (2018) [10] [11] 33.421 836,837 (2021) [12] 43,314.29
155 Raleigh   United States North America 83.665 (2018) [20] 64.352 1,740,000 (2022) [16] 48,083.33
300+ Recife Mercosur  Brazil South America 22.81 (2014) [162] 40.483 3,875,000 (2022) [16] 5,886.45
300+ Regina, Saskatchewan   Canada North America 13.894 (2018) [10] [11] 263,659 (2021) [12] 52,696.85
10 Rhine-Ruhr European Union  Germany Western Europe 636.449 (2021) [5] 485.218 12,190,000 (2015) [163] 52,210.75
149 Richmond   United States North America 85.792 (2018) [20] 71.589 1,090,000 (2022) [16] 78,708.26
300+ Riga European Union  Latvia Northern Europe 20.0 (2018) [164] 1,195,000 (2006) [155] 16,736.40
59 Rio de Janeiro Mercosur  Brazil South America 209.366 (2011) [24] 176.63 13,300,000 (2022) [16] 15,741.80
60 Riverside–San Bernardino   United States North America 199.640 (2019) [20] 154.904 4,599,839 (2020) [21] 43,401.52
80 Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Western Asia 163.476 8,800,000 (2022) [16] 18,576.82
191 Rochester   United States North America 63.870 (2018) [20] 67.823 1,090,135 (2020) [21] 58,589.07
300+ Rockhampton   Australia Oceania 5.342 (2018–19) [18] 78,592 (2018) [165] 67,971.29
75 Rome European Union  Italy Southern Europe 166.8 (2015) [23] 163.243 3,450,000 (2022) [16] 48,347.83
265 Saarbrücken European Union  Germany Western Europe 41.684 1,102,000 (2006) [155] 37,825.77
88 Sacramento   United States North America 145.479 (2018) [20] 127.401 2,125,000 (2022) [16] 68,460.71
300+ Saguenay, Quebec   Canada North America 5.892 (2018) [10] [11] 163,583 (2021) [12] 36,018.41
171 Salt Lake City   United States North America 74.306 (2018) [20] 73.836 2,575,000 (2022) [16] 28,856.70
300+ St. CatharinesNiagara Falls   Canada North America 13.188 (2018) [10] [11] 439,777 (2021) [12] 29,987.93
300+ Saint John, New Brunswick   Canada North America 5.129 (2018) [10] [11] 132,499 (2021) [12] 38,709.73
300+ St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador   Canada North America 10.09 (2018) [10] [11] 214,674 (2021) [12] 47,001.50
74 St. Louis   United States North America 169.839 (2018) [20] 140.584 2,375,000 (2022) [16] 71,511.16
159 Saint Petersburg   Russia Northern Europe 81.1 (2020) [166] 119.613 5,600,000 (2022) [16] 14,482.14
300+ Salvador Mercosur  Brazil South America 17.98 (2016) [167] [168] 38.469 3,650,000 (2022) [16] 4,926.03
100 San Antonio   United States North America 133.633 (2018) [20] 102.771 1,579,504 (2022) [16] 84,604.41
36 San Diego   United States North America 283.33 (2021) [5] 202.49 1,469,490 (2022) [16] 192,808.39
11 San Francisco   United States North America 593.629 (2021) [5] 331.024 887,711 (2022) [16] 668,718.76
30 San Jose   United States North America 359.111 (2021) [5] 160.339 1,036,242 (2020) [21] 346,551.29
261 San Juan   Puerto Rico Caribbean 42.729 1,990,000 (2022) [16] 21,471.86
300+ San Marino   San Marino Southern Europe 1.543 (2020) [169] 34,000 (2020) [169] 45,382.35
70 Santiago   Chile South America 171.436 8,000,000 (2022) [16] 21,429.50
300+ Santos Mercosur  Brazil South America 28.609 (2011) [24] 1,770,000 (2022) [16] 16,163.28
300+ São José dos Campos Mercosur  Brazil South America 30.148 (2011) [24] 2,528,354 (2020) [170] 11,923.96
300+ São José dos Pinhais Mercosur  Brazil South America 14.726 (2011) [24] 329,058 (2020) [171] 44,751.99
43 São Paulo Mercosur  Brazil South America 261.642 (2021) [5] 430.51 22,700,000 (2022) [16] 11,526.08
152 Sapporo   Japan Eastern Asia 84.7 (2010) [94] [122] 80.464 2,500,000 (2022) [16] 33,880.00
300+ Saskatoon   Canada North America 16.09 (2018) [10] [11] 340,086 (2021) [12] 47,311.56
21 Seattle   United States North America 444.337 (2021) [5] 267.473 762,687 (2022) [16] 582,594.17
267 Semarang ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 41.1 2,075,000 (2022) [16] 19,807.23
200 Sendai   Japan Eastern Asia 61.7 (2010) [94] [95] 75.317 1,510,000 (2022) [16] 40,860.93
6 Seoul   South Korea Eastern Asia 926.79 (2021) [5] 845.906 24,800,000 (2022) [16] 37,370.56
251 Seville European Union  Spain Southern Europe 44.665 (2018) [23] 35.796 1,300,000 (2022) [16] 34,357.69
9 Shanghai   China Eastern Asia 680 (2021) [172] 594.005 24,890,116 (2022) [16] 27,320.08
300+ Shantou   China Eastern Asia 34.8 (2017) [173] 38.73 7,950,000 (2022) [16] 4,377.36
300+ Sharjah   United Arab Emirates Western Asia 26.502 (2015) [174] 1,274,749 (2019) 20,789.97
300+ Sheffield   United Kingdom Northern Europe 32.167 (2017) [65] [66] 39.796 1,570,000 (2022) [16] 20,488.54
136 Shenyang   China Eastern Asia 93.9 (2019) [175] 189.304 8,400,000 (2022) [16] 11,178.57
18 Shenzhen   China Eastern Asia 455.694 (2021) [5] 363.228 15,929,000 (2020) [176] 28,607.82
300+ Sherbrooke   Canada North America 7.162 (2018) [10] [11] 227,403 (2021) [12] 31,494.75
158 Shijiazhuang   China Eastern Asia 81.252 (2018) [173] 130.538 5,750,000 (2022) [16] 14,130.78
300+ Sunshine Coast   Australia Oceania 13.813 (2018–19) [18] 333,436 (2018) [177] 41,426.24
207 Surat   India South Asia 59.8 (2017) [19] 7,150,000 (2022) [16] 8,363.64
246 Shizuoka   Japan Eastern Asia 45.8 (2010) [94] [122] 58.418 1,130,000 (2022) [16] 40,530.97
27 Singapore ASEAN  Singapore South-Eastern Asia 396.992 (2021) [101] 365.928 5,453,600 (2021) [178] 72,794.48
300+ Sofia European Union  Bulgaria Southern Europe 22.4 (2018) [179] [180] 43.838 1,450,000 (2022) [16] 15,448.28
300+ Sorocaba Mercosur  Brazil South America 21.313 (2011) [24] 1,898,000 (2020) [181] 11,229.19
300+ Springfield   United States North America 34.706 (2018) [20] 32.817 699,162 (2020) [21] 49,639.43
72 Stockholm European Union  Sweden Northern Europe 170 (2018) [182] 142.953 2,200,000 (2022) [16] 77,272.73
289 Strasbourg European Union  France Western Europe 37.282 846,450 (2018) [183] 47,187.21
68 Stuttgart European Union  Germany Western Europe 173.5 (2016) [23] 157.787 2,400,000 (2022) [16] 72,291.67
300+ Greater Sudbury   Canada North America 7.457 (2018) [10] [11] 172,781 (2021) [12] 43,158.68
144 Surabaya ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 88.8(2021) [184] 5,850,000 (2022) [16] 15,179.49
35 Suzhou   China Eastern Asia 301.51 (2021) [5] 339.028 12,748,252 (2020) 23,651.09
26 Sydney   Australia Oceania 398.037 (2021) [5] 223.413 5,450,000 (2022) [16] 73,034.31
266 Syracuse   United States North America 41.356 (2018) [20] 40.576 662,057 (2020) [21] 62,465.92
111 Taichung   Taiwan Eastern Asia 114.701 2,450,000 (2022) [16] 46,816.73
168 Tainan   Taiwan Eastern Asia 76.702 1,310,000 (2022) [16] 58,551.15
23 Taipei   Taiwan Eastern Asia 407.838 (2021) [5] 327.295 9,078,000 (2022) [16] 44,926.59
233 Taiyuan   China Eastern Asia 50.733 (2017) 62.969 5,550,000 (2022) [16] 9,141.08
300+ Tallinn European Union  Estonia Northern Europe 15 (2020) [185] 438,341 (2021) [186] 34,219.93
84 Tampa   United States North America 159.002 (2018) [20] 130.314 4,450,000 (2022) [16] 35,730.79
279 Tangerang ASEAN  Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 38.6 1,895,486 (2020) [187] 20,364.17
133 Tangshan   China Eastern Asia 96.716 (2018) [173] 162.32 2,600,000 (2022) [16] 37,198.46
147 Taoyuan   Taiwan Eastern Asia 86.782 2,254,363 (2020) [103] 38,495.13
300+ Tbilisi   Georgia Western Asia 8.0 (2017) [188] 1,380,000 (2022) [16] 5,797.10
64 Tel Aviv   Israel Western Asia 188.42 (2022) [189] 153.297 2,775,000 (2022) [16] 67,899.10
300+ Thessaloniki European Union  Greece Southern Europe 19.8 (2011) [190] 1,105,663 (2018) [41] 17,907.81
300+ Thunder Bay   Canada North America 4.892 (2018) [10] [11] 125,247 (2021) [12] 39,058.82
53 Tianjin   China Eastern Asia 235.664 (2021) [5] 371.973 11,200,000 (2022) [16] 21,041.43
300+ Tokelau   Tokelau Oceania 0.009406225 [191] 1,499 (2016) [192] 6,275.00
1 Tokyo   Japan Eastern Asia 2,055.698 (2021) [5] 1,616.792 40,700,000 (2022) [16] 50,508.55
300+ Toowoomba   Australia Oceania 7.118 (2018–19) [18] 136,861 (2018) [165] 52,008.97
20 Toronto   Canada North America 452.492 (2021) [5] 276.313 6,837,472 (2022) [16] 66,178.26
211 Toulouse European Union  France Western Europe 58.7 (2015) [23] 47.384 1,100,000 (2022) [16] 53,363.64
300+ Trois-Rivières   Canada North America 5.039 (2018) [10] [11] 164,973 (2021) [12] 30,544.39
250 Tucson   United States North America 44.876 (2018) [20] 41.216 1,000,000 (2022) [16] 44,876.00
215 Tulsa   United States North America 57.232 (2018) [20] 48.595 1,015,331 (2020) [21] 56,367.82
166 Turin European Union  Italy Southern Europe 76.9 (2015) [23] 78.836 1,600,000 (2022) [16] 48,062.50
300+ Townsville   Australia Oceania 9.075 (2018–19) [18] 180,820 (2018) [193] 50,188.03
300+ Uberlandia Mercosur  Brazil South America 14.728 (2011) [24] 699,097 (2020) [194] 21,067.18
205 Valencia European Union  Spain Southern Europe 60.274 (2016) [23] 52.748 1,880,000 (2022) [16] 32,060.64
107 Vancouver   Canada North America 119.071 (2018) [10] [11] 109.805 2,950,000 (2022) [16] 40,363.05
197 Venice- Padua European Union  Italy Southern Europe 62.2 (2015) [23] 57.298 472,810 (2020) [195] [196] 131,553.90
300+ Victoria, British Columbia   Canada North America 16.6 (2018) [10] [11] 415,573 (2021) [12] 38,501.06
114 Vienna European Union  Austria Central Europe 112 (2019) [197] 183.712 [Note 3] 2,250,000 (2022) [16] 49,777.78
300+ Vilnius European Union  Lithuania Northern Europe 21.6 (2020) [121] 706,832 (2021) [198] 30,800.00
126 Virginia Beach   United States North America 100.976 (2018) [20] 92.109 1,650,000 (2022) [16] 61,197.58
253 Vishakhapatnam   India South Asia 43.5 (2017) [19] 2,300,000 (2022) [16] 18,913.04
300+ Vitória Mercosur  Brazil South America 28.357 (2011) [24] 35.632 1,900,000 (2022) [16] 14,924.74
300+ Wagga Wagga   Australia Oceania 4.392 (2018–19) [18] 56,442 (2018) [91] 77,814.39
127 Warsaw European Union  Poland Central Europe 100 (2019) [199] 141.096 2,375,000 (2022) [16] 42,105.26
13 Washington, D.C.   United States North America 578.985 (2021) [5] 442.212 5,905,490 (2022) [16] 98,041.82
141 Wenzhou   China Eastern Asia 90.63 (2018) [200] 101.941 5,050,000 (2022) [16] 17,946.53
300+ Wichita   United States North America 32.832 (2018) [201] 647,610 (2020) [21] 50,697.18
300+ Windsor, Ontario   Canada North America 12.203 (2018) [10] [11] 351,116 (2021) [12] 34,754.90
300 Winnipeg   Canada North America 34.951 (2018) [10] [11] 32.478 852,778 (2021) [12] 40,984.88
300+ Wollongong   Australia Oceania 5.624 (2018–19) [18] 309,345 (2020) [202] 18,180.35
232 Worcester   United States North America 50.934 (2018) [20] 44.733 978,529 (2020) [21] 52,051.60
52 Wuhan   China Eastern Asia 240 (2020)( 8th) 231.551 10,800,000 (2022) [16] 22,222.22
240 Wulumuqi   China Eastern Asia 49.4 (2019) [203] 59.575 3,575,000 (2017) [204] 13,818.18
85 Wuxi   China Eastern Asia 155.7 (2017) [31] 211.458 6,553,000 (2017) 23,760.11
138 Xiamen   China Eastern Asia 92.554 (2020) [31] 76.061 14,100,000 (2022) [16] 6,564.11
86 Xian   China Eastern Asia 154.2 (2020) [31] 124.186 11,600,000 (2022) [16] 13,293.10
132 Xuzhou   China Eastern Asia 97.8 (2017) [31] 113.173 3,050,000 (2022) [16] 32,065.57
119 Yantai   China Eastern Asia 108.7 (2017) [31] 149.022 2,450,000 (2022) [16] 44,367.35
300+ Yerevan   Armenia Western Asia 5.23 (2018) [205] 1,510,000 (2022) [16] 3,463.58
89 Zhengzhou   China Eastern Asia 144 (2018) [31] 155.696 8,950,000 (2022) [16] 16,089.39
229 Zhongshan   China Eastern Asia 51.1 (2017) [31] 68.682 4,418,060 (2020) [206] 11,566.16
283 Zhuhai   China Eastern Asia 38.0 (2017) [31] 41.338 2,325,000 (2022) [16] 16,344.09
177 Zibo   China Eastern Asia 70.8 (2017) [31] 100.274 3,725,000 (2022) [16] 19,006.71
118 Zürich    Switzerland Western Europe 109.065 1,470,000 (2022) [16] 74,193.88
Notes
  1. ^ This includes Malmö.
  2. ^ This includes Kyoto.
  3. ^ This includes Bratislava.

Cities (metropolitan areas) by percentage of national GDP

This table contains only the first metropolitan area from a given country by GDP. Data for metropolitan areas is as in the previous section of this article. Data for countries is from List of countries by GDP (nominal) ( IMF). Luxembourg City-Trier is partially in Germany but only Luxembourg's national GDP is considered.
Metropolitan area GDP (billion USD) Country National GDP (billion USD) % of national GDP
Hong Kong 368.14 Hong Kong 369.49 99.635
Singapore 396.99 Singapore 424.43 93.535
San Marino 1.54 San Marino 1.70 90.872
Macau 29.91 Macau 35.25 84.847
Luxembourg City-Trier 69.45 Luxembourg 86.90 79.925
Montevideo 49.70 Uruguay 64.28 77.314
Seoul 926.79 South Korea 1804.68 51.355
Riga 20.00 Latvia 40.27 49.670
Taipei 407.84 Taiwan 841.21 48.482
Bangkok 252.13 Thailand 522.01 48.299
Manila 192.60 Philippines 411.98 46.750
Lisbon 110.00 Portugal 251.92 43.666
Athens 93.70 Greece 222.77 42.061
Tokyo 2055.70 Japan 4912.15 41.849
Dhaka 253.300 Bangladesh 396.54 40.349
Tallinn 15.00 Estonia 37.20 40.320
Tbilisi 8.00 Georgia 20.89 38.298
Yerevan 5.23 Armenia 14.05 37.232
Minsk 22.00 Belarus 59.39 37.041
Abidjan 27.00 Ivory Coast 73.05 36.963
Tel Aviv 188.42 Israel 520.70 36.186
Istanbul 247.31 Turkey 692.38 35.719
Copenhagen 134.40 Denmark 399.10 33.676
Paris 934.17 France 2936.70 31.810
Auckland 79.66 New Zealand 257.21 30.971
Helsinki 90.80 Finland 297.62 30.509
Kabul 6.00 Afghanistan 20.14 29.797
Budapest 58.50 Hungary 197.81 29.573
London 978.40 United Kingdom 3376.00 28.981
Moscow 504.81 Russia 1829.05 27.599
Stockholm 170.00 Sweden 621.24 27.365
Belgrade 17.40 Serbia 65.04 26.754
Sofia 22.40 Bulgaria 89.53 25.019
Abu Dhabi 119.00 United Arab Emirates 501.35 23.736
Jakarta 304.20 Indonesia 1289.30 23.594
Vienna 112.00 Austria 479.82 23.342
Dublin 118.72 Ireland 516.15 23.001
Sydney 398.04 Australia 1748.33 22.767
Bucharest 63.43 Romania 286.51 22.139
Amsterdam-Rotterdam 223.00 Netherlands 1013.60 22.001
Prague 64.00 Czech Republic 296.24 21.604
Toronto 452.49 Canada 2221.22 20.371
Madrid 280.94 Spain 1435.56 19.570
Mexico City 250.46 Mexico 1322.74 18.935
Almaty 36.00 Kazakhstan 193.61 18.594
Johannesburg 76.00 South Africa 426.17 17.833
Lahore 58.14 Pakistan 347.74 16.719
Brussels 99.00 Belgium 609.89 16.233
Milan 329.53 Italy 2058.33 16.010
Ho Chi Minh City 61.70 Vietnam 408.95 15.088
Buenos Aires 84.70 Argentina 564.28 15.010
Rhine-Ruhr 636.45 Germany 4256.54 14.952
Lagos 74.67 Nigeria 510.59 14.624
Kaunas 10.00 Lithuania 69.78 14.330
Warsaw 100.00 Poland 699.56 14.295
São Paulo 261.64 Brazil 1833.27 14.272
Kuala Lumpur 59.83 Malaysia 439.37 13.617
Dar es Salaam 10.40 Tanzania 77.51 13.418
Oslo 71.68 Norway 541.94 13.227
Kyiv 25.70 Ukraine 198.32 12.959
Nairobi 14.80 Kenya 114.68 12.906
Mumbai 277.98 India 3534.74 7.864
New York 1874.40 United States 25346.81 7.395
Shanghai 680.00 China 19911.59 3.415

See also

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