Ehime Prefecture

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Ehime Prefecture

愛媛県
Japanese transcription(s)
 •  Japanese愛媛県
 •  RōmajiEhime-ken
Flag of Ehime Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Ehime Prefecture
Emblem
Location of Ehime Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Matsuyama
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 20
Government
 •  Governor Tokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total5,676.23 km2 (2,191.60 sq mi)
Area rank 26th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,342,011
 • Rank 26th
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-38
Website www.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.html
Symbols
Mammal Japanese river otter ("Lutra lutra whiteleyi") [1] [2]
Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige) [1]
Fish Red sea bream (Pagrus major) [1]
FlowerSatsuma mandarin ( Citrus unshiu) [1]
Tree Pine (Pinus) [1]

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. [3] Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,676 km2 (2,191 sq mi). Ehime Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the northeast, Tokushima Prefecture to the east, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southeast.

Matsuyama is the capital and largest city of Ehime Prefecture and the largest city on Shikoku, with other major cities including Imabari, Niihama, and Saijō. [4]

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province. [5] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shōgun gave the area to his allies, including Katō Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime, "lovely princess". [6]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama. [7]

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of 31 March 2020, 7 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and Hijikawa, Kinshako, Okudōgo Tamagawa, Sadamisaki Hantō-Uwakai, Saragamine Renpō, Sasayama, and Shikoku Karst Prefectural Natural Parks. [8]

Cities

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
     City      Town
Matsuyama
Uwajima
The Ehime Prefectural Capitol Building

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Imabari Ehime.svg Imabari 今治市 419.56 172,384 Imabari in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iyo Ehime.JPG Iyo 伊予市 194.44 37,982 Ehime-iyo-city.svg
Flag of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg Matsuyama (capital) 松山市 429.4 509,835 Ehime-matsuyama-city.svg
Flag of Niihama, Ehime.svg Niihama 新居浜市 234.3 125,711 Niihama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ōzu, Ehime.svg Ōzu 大洲市 432.24 42,655 Ozu in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Saijō, Ehime.svg Saijō 西条市 509.07 113,786 Saijo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Seiyo, Ehime.svg Seiyo 西予市 514.78 42,600 Seiyo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shikokuchuo Ehime.JPG Shikokuchūō 四国中央市 421.24 83,918 Ehime-shikokuchuo-city.svg
Flag of Tōon, Ehime.svg Tōon 東温市 211.45 33,540 Toon in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uwajima, Ehime.svg Uwajima 宇和島市 469.48 86,631 Uwajima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yawatahama, Ehime.svg Yawatahama 八幡浜市 133.03 38,307 Yawatahama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Ainan Ehime.JPG Ainan 愛南町 239.58 22,287 Minamiuwa District Ainan in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ikata Ehime.JPG Ikata 伊方町 94.37 10,637 Nishiuwa District Ikata in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamijima, Ehime.svg Kamijima 上島町 30.38 7,189 Ochi District Kamijima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kihoku, Ehime.svg Kihoku 鬼北町 241.87 10,772 Kitauwa District Kihoku in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumakōgen, Ehime.svg Kumakōgen 久万高原町 583.66 8,660 Kamiukena District Kumakogen in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Masaki, Ehime.svg Masaki 松前町 20.41 29,904 Iyo District Masaki in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Matsuno Ehime.JPG Matsuno 松野町 98.5 4,165 Kitauwa District Matsuno in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tobe, Ehime.svg Tobe 砥部町 101.57 21,471 Iyo District Tobe in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uchiko Ehime.JPG Uchiko 内子町 299.5 16,172 Kita District Uchiko in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Former districts:

Economy

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan ( mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata Nuclear Power Plant produces a large portion of Shikoku Electric Power.[ citation needed]

Education

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Basketball

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

These are anime set in Ehime Prefecture.

There are festivals in Ehime Prefecture.

  • Uwajima Ushi-oni Festival is held for three days, with a parade of many Ushi-oni walking around the city, a traditional Uwajima dance, a fireworks display, and a run on the final day.
  • Niihama Taiko Festival is the autumn festival in Niihama. The drum stand is lifted by about 150 men. It is one of the three biggest fight festivals in Japan.
  • The Matsuyama Autumn Festival includes a mikoshi event called Hachiawase (鉢合わせ) which takes place near Dōgo Onsen and Isaniwa Shrine.

Hot Springs

There are Hot Springs in Ehime Prefecture.

  • Dōgo Onsen appears in the Nihon Shoki. This Hot Spring has three public baths: the main building, Tsubaki no Yu, and Asuka no Yu.
  • Sora to Mori is a combined warm bath facility. There are hot springs, restaurants, and body care.
  • Nibukawa Onsen is a hot spring located in Imabari. The source originates from the crevices of the Inugawa Valley in this hot spring town.

Language

Iyo dialect is a Japanese dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture. Nanyo is influenced by the Kyushu dialect, and Chuyo and Toyo are influenced by the Kinki dialect.

Museums

Transport

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

Railway

Road

Expressway

National highways

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama- Kōchi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima- Sukumo- Susaki-Kōchi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo- Yoshinogawa- Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari- Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama- Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport

International sister cities / Economic exchange counterparts

Ehime Prefecture is making use of its long tradition of involvement with people overseas through international exchanges in areas such as the economy, culture, sports and education. [9]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. ^ http://extinct-animals-facts.com/Recently-Extinct-Animal-Facts/Extinct-Japanese-River-Otter-Facts.html
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V
  7. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
  8. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. ^ "International exchange activated with globalization". Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 2018-10-27.

References

External links


Latitude and Longitude:

33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833