WGTV

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WGTV
GaPublicBroadcasting Logo.svg
Athens/ Atlanta, Georgia
United States
CityAthens, Georgia
Channels Digital: 7 ( VHF)
Virtual: 8 ( PSIP)
Branding GPB PBS
SloganTelevision Worth Sharing
Programming
Affiliations8.1: GPB/ PBS
8.2: Create
8.3: GPB Knowledge
8.4: PBS Kids
Ownership
Owner Georgia Public Broadcasting
(Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission)
WXGA-TV, WVAN-TV, WABW-TV, WNGH-TV, WCES-TV, WACS-TV, WJSP-TV, WMUM-TV
History
First air date
May 23, 1960 (60 years ago) (1960-05-23)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
8 (VHF, 1960–2009)
Digital:
12 (VHF, 2007–2009)
8 (VHF, 2009–July 2020)
NET (1960–1970)
Call sign meaning
We're Georgia Television
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID23948
ERP21 kW
62 kW ( CP)
HAAT330 m (1,083 ft)
327.2 m (1,073 ft) (CP)
Transmitter coordinates 33°48′18″N 84°8′40″W / 33.80500°N 84.14444°W / 33.80500; -84.14444
Latitude and Longitude:

33°48′18″N 84°8′40″W / 33.80500°N 84.14444°W / 33.80500; -84.14444
Translator(s)W13DJ-D 13 Carrollton
W08EG-D 8 Toccoa
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Website www.gpb.org

WGTV, virtual digital channel 8 and VHF RF channel 7, is a Public Broadcasting Service ( PBS) member television station serving Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It is licensed to Athens, Georgia, a legacy of the station's early years as a service of the University of Georgia there. Owned by the Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission (technically under the Georgia Board of Regents, along with the University System of Georgia), it is the flagship station of the statewide Georgia Public Broadcasting (GPB) television network.

WGTV's transmitter is located atop Stone Mountain in state-owned Stone Mountain Park, just east of Atlanta in Stone Mountain, Georgia. (It shares this short broadcast tower with NOAA Weather Radio station KEC80, and formerly with WABE [90.1 FM].) It is considered the primary ("parent") station for one (originally two) low-power translators, in the north Georgia mountains. Eight other full-power stations also simulcast the network across the state, originally relayed via microwave radio towers and now via communications satellite. There is no local insertion; all station identification is done on a single screen for all stations.

History

WGTV began broadcasting on May 23, 1960. It was licensed to the University of Georgia and operated out of the Georgia Center for Continuing Education. The station's VHF allocation was originally occupied by WSB-TV, which at that time was owned by the Atlanta Journal. The Journal's competitor in Atlanta, the Atlanta Constitution, had applied for and received from the FCC a construction permit for channel 2, which was to be called WCON-TV. When the Journal and Constitution merged, media ownership rules of the day did not permit one entity to own two television stations in the same market. Plans for WCON-TV were scrapped and WSB-TV moved to channel 2 from channel 8 in 1951. The ABC affiliate WLTV broadcast on channel 8 from 1951 to 1953, when the station moved to channel 11 (now NBC affiliate WXIA-TV) to avoid radio interference with newly launched WROM-TV Rome, operating on adjacent channel 9.

Cox Enterprises, owner of the Journal and Constitution, donated the channel 8 license to UGA for an educational television station, but it took seven more years to get the station on the air. In 1965, WGTV merged with a group of four stations owned by the state board of education to form Georgia Educational Television, later known as Georgia Public Television and the forerunner of today's GPB television network. In 1982, ownership of the license was transferred from the University of Georgia to the Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission.

From 1965 to 1982, WGTV often broke from the main GETV/GPTV signal to broadcast programs of local interest to the Atlanta area. However, since all of the GPTV licenses were consolidated with the GPTC, network programming airs on WGTV at all times.

Programming

Prior to 2001, both stations went off the air at midnight; WPBA still goes off the air on Sunday nights. GPB used to sign off with Ray Charles' version of " Georgia On My Mind" which is the official state song, while showing scenes from the north Georgia mountains to the Georgia coast.

Broadcast translators

Both original broadcast translators are or were located near the state's border with South Carolina, in areas where coverage from a full-powered GPB transmitter is insufficient, due to the distance from the main transmitters and the hilly or mountainous terrain in northeast Georgia. A third translator, this time digital, replaced an analog one previously assigned to WJSP-TV.

  • W08EG-D Toccoa, former analog W68AF, which originally applied for digital on 10
  • W52AA Carnesville, applied for digital on 12, dismissed October 2006, canceled August 2007
  • W13DJ-D Carrollton, replaces analog W49AD, which had its license cancelled after this station went on

Two (originally several) other translators are nominally assigned to other GPB TV stations, both to WNGH-TV, though all stations simulcast.

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
8.1 1080i 16:9 WGTV-HD Main GPB programming / PBS
8.2 480i CREATE Create
8.3 KNOWLED GPB Knowledge
8.4 KIDS PBS Kids

[1]

Analog-to-digital conversion

WGTV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on February 17, 2009, at 11:59 p.m., to conclude the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. [2] The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition VHF channel 12 to channel 8. The station played a farewell video of outdoor scenes around Georgia set to the tune of "Georgia On My Mind" before permanently ceasing transmission. A final message at the end of the video read "In fond remembrance of the era of analog television broadcasting on Georgia Public Television." The transition to digital ended nearly 49 years of analog broadcasting by WGTV.

WGTV's analog signal was the strongest of the GPB TV network, covering most of the northern part of Georgia, extending in about a 75-mile (121 km) radius from the transmitter site. WGTV's digital/ HDTV facility began broadcasting on December 20, 2007, on channel 12. However, it was at very low power, unable to be received through much (if not most) of metro Atlanta. It moved from channel 12 to full power on channel 8 after the analog shutdown in February 2009, using the same digital transmitter re-tuned to use the channel 8 antenna. This selection, made without conflict in the first-round digital channel election, is due to WDEF-TV in Chattanooga opting to stay digital on channel 12. WGTV was originally assigned channel 22 for DTV operations, but requested the frequency allotment change to channel 12 by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), also allowing a change to 22 (from 59) by WSKC-CD. "Distant" viewers can receive two other GPB digital TV stations: WNGH-TV 4 (18.x) in the northwest metro area, and WJSP-TV 5 (28.x) in the southwest, though these stations are now on VHF (formerly UHF 33 and 23) and therefore require a larger antenna.

The analog station had an effective radiated power (ERP) of 316  kilowatts (the maximum for high VHF), at 326 meters (1,070 ft) height above average terrain (HAAT). The temporary digital station had an ERP of only 16 kW at 304 meters (997 ft). The previous 21 kW and current 17.3 kW are still well below the limit of 63 kW for digital stations on high VHF (channels 7 to 13), which would also be legally equivalent to what it had on analog. Because of this, reception is still difficult in much of metro Atlanta. This was expected to improve once the station changed to physical channel 7 in 2020, after May 1 (when other stations in phase 9 finish) but no later than July 3 (the end of phase 10, the final phase of the national repacking of all stations to below channel 37). The omnidirectional signal will increase to 62 kW toward the north-northwest with a directional antenna, but areas south and southeast of a line from Carrollton to Athens will not see an improvement in signal strength. The lowest signal strengths (18 kW) will be in slight nulls toward the southwest (to protect Alabama Public Television station WCIQ TV 7) and toward the east. Despite the channel change at noon on July 3, the station is still difficult to receive, as it has actually dropped to 17.3 kW under special temporary authority (STA), which expires at the end of 2020. The temporary antenna model listed is different from both the old channel 8 antenna and the channel 7 model listed in its permit, but all are at the same height, indicating that the old antenna must be removed before the new permanent one can be installed, tested, and switched over to for full-power operation.

References

External links