Van Horn, Texas

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Van Horn, Texas
The main road through Van Horn (2006)
The main road through Van Horn (2006)
Culbertson County VanHorn.svg
Van Horn is located in Texas
Van Horn
Van Horn
Location of Van Horn in Texas and the US
Van Horn is located in the United States
Van Horn
Van Horn
Van Horn (the United States)
Coordinates: 31°2′33″N 104°49′59″W / 31.04250°N 104.83306°W / 31.04250; -104.83306
Latitude and Longitude:

31°2′33″N 104°49′59″W / 31.04250°N 104.83306°W / 31.04250; -104.83306
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Culberson
Area
 • Total2.84 sq mi (7.35 km2)
 • Land2.84 sq mi (7.35 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,042 ft (1,232 m)
Population
 ( 2010)
 • Total2,063
 • Estimate 
(2019) [2]
1,870
 • Density658.91/sq mi (254.43/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 ( Central (CST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79855
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code48-75032 [3]
GNIS feature ID1370571 [4]
Website www.vanhorntexas.org

Van Horn is a town in and the seat of Culberson County, Texas, United States. [5] According to the 2010 census, Van Horn had a population of 2,063, [6] down from 2,435 at the 2000 census. It is the westernmost incorporated community in the Central Time Zone part of the state of Texas.

Geography

Van Horn is located in southwestern Culberson County at 31°2′33″N 104°49′59″W / 31.04250°N 104.83306°W / 31.04250; -104.83306 (31.042489, -104.832928). [7] Interstate 10 passes through the town, leading east 120 miles (190 km) to Fort Stockton and northwest 118 miles (190 km) to El Paso. Van Horn is the western terminus of U.S. Route 90; from Van Horn it leads southeast 73 miles (117 km) to Marfa. Texas State Highway 54 leads north from Van Horn 65 miles (105 km) to Pine Springs and the Guadalupe Mountains.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all land. [6] Threemile Peak, elevation 4,868 feet (1,484 m), rises to the northwest overlooking the town.

Climate

Climate data for Van Horn, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
87
(31)
94
(34)
100
(38)
105
(41)
112
(44)
108
(42)
108
(42)
104
(40)
98
(37)
86
(30)
82
(28)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 58.8
(14.9)
63.7
(17.6)
70.8
(21.6)
79.5
(26.4)
87.5
(30.8)
94.9
(34.9)
93.6
(34.2)
92.1
(33.4)
86.7
(30.4)
79.0
(26.1)
67.4
(19.7)
59.3
(15.2)
77.8
(25.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 43
(6)
48
(9)
54
(12)
62
(17)
72
(22)
79
(26)
79
(26)
78
(26)
73
(23)
63
(17)
53
(12)
44
(7)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 29.1
(−1.6)
32.5
(0.3)
38.7
(3.7)
46.9
(8.3)
55.7
(13.2)
64.3
(17.9)
66.4
(19.1)
65.3
(18.5)
58.8
(14.9)
48.6
(9.2)
36.6
(2.6)
29.8
(−1.2)
47.7
(8.7)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
−3
(−19)
9
(−13)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
45
(7)
53
(12)
46
(8)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
10
(−12)
0
(−18)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11)
0.50
(13)
0.20
(5.1)
0.32
(8.1)
0.53
(13)
1.22
(31)
2.37
(60)
2.15
(55)
1.50
(38)
1.31
(33)
0.49
(12)
0.55
(14)
11.59
(294)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.9
(2.3)
0.6
(1.5)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.0
(2.5)
2.9
(7.4)
Source: The Weather Channel (Monthly Averages) [8]

History

Van Horn Volunteer Fire Department

Anglo-Texan [9] settlement began in the late 1850s and early 1860s supportive of the San Antonio-El Paso Overland Mail route. [10] Although U.S. Army Major Jefferson Van Horne is believed to have passed near the area in 1849 on his way to take command of what would later become Fort Bliss, the town is instead named for Lt. James Judson Van Horn who commanded an army garrison at the Van Horn Wells beginning in 1859. Lt. Van Horn's command was relatively short-lived, as the post was seized by Confederate forces in 1861 and Lt. Van Horn taken prisoner. [11] Settlement was further stimulated by the construction of the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881. [12] [13] [14] The town has several buildings on the National Register of Historic Places including the First Presbyterian Church (now Primera Iglesia Bautista), built in 1901.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890450
190030−93.3%
19105001,566.7%
192080060.0%
19301,600100.0%
19402,07029.4%
19501,161−43.9%
19601,95368.2%
19702,88947.9%
19802,772−4.0%
19902,9305.7%
20002,435−16.9%
20102,063−15.3%
2019 (est.)1,870 [2]−9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
Van Horn City Hall

As of the census [3] of 2000, 2,435 people, 834 households, and 652 families resided in the town. The population density was 846.9 people per square mile (326.4/km2). The 976 housing units averaged 339.5 per square mile (130.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 64.60% White, 0.66% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 31.46% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 78.60% of the population.

Education

Van Horn City-County Library

Van Horn is served by the Culberson County-Allamoore Independent School District and is home to the Van Horn High School Eagles.

Government and infrastructure

Van Horn Post Office

The United States Postal Service operates the Van Horn Post Office. [16]

Transportation

Major Highways

Rail

Bus

Space tourism

In late 2006, The Wall Street Journal reported that Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon, had acquired 290,000 acres (1,200 km2) of land 25 miles (40 km) north of Van Horn, including the Figure 2 Ranch Airport, to house his fledgling space tourism company, Blue Origin. As of 2008, Blue Origin had been expected to start commercial operations as early as 2010, aiming for 52 launches per year from the Van Horn facility. [17]

In early 2010, NASA awarded Blue Origin US$3.7 million to work on an advanced technology, which detaches a crew cabin from its launcher if the shuttle malfunctions. [18]

As of August 2016, Blue Origin was still conducting test flights with plans to begin flying piloted tests in 2017 and paying customers in 2018. [19] [20]

10,000-year clock

In 2009 the Van Horn Advocate announced that the Long Now Foundation was starting geologic testing for an underground space to house a 10,000-year Clock of the Long Now, on the Bezos ranch, north of Van Horn. [21]

Popular culture

Van Horn provided the inspiration for the 2019 song "Van Horn" by alternative-rock band Saint Motel which was featured on their EP The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack: Part 1 after the band spent a night there on a recent tour. [22]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Van Horn town, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Climate Statistics for Van Horn, Texas". Archived from the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  9. ^ "Anglo-American Colonization", The Handbook of Texas Online
  10. ^ "San Antonio-El Paso Mail", The Handbook of Texas Online. For more on the establishment of this route, see United States Army, Corps of Topographical Engineers; Joseph Eggleston Johnston; Francis T. Bryan; Randolph Barnes Marcy; William F. Smith; N. H. Michler; S. G. French; W. H. C. Whiting; James H. Simpson (1850). Reports of the Secretary of War: with reconnaissances of routes from San Antonio to El Paso. Washington, DC: Union Office. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  11. ^ Regarding prisoner exchanges including Lt. Van Horn see January 26, 1862 correspondence from J. P. Benjamin to Major General Benjamin Huger in United States War Department (1891). The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Volume III). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. p. 782 (and others). Retrieved May 21, 2009.
  12. ^ "Van Horn, Texas", The Handbook of Texas Online
  13. ^ "Van Horne, Jefferson", The Handbook of Texas Online
  14. ^ Cullum, George Washington; Edward Singleton Holden (1891). Biographical register of the officers and graduates of the U.S. military academy at West Point, N.Y.: from its establishment, in 1802, to 1890; with the early history of the United States military academy. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Company. p. 400. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ " Post Office Location - VAN HORN Archived 2012-05-13 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on January 6, 2010.
  17. ^ "Tourism Update: Jeff Bezos? Spaceship Plans Revealed". SPACE.com. 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
  18. ^ Van Horn spaceport gets NASA backing, Adriana Gómez Licón, El Paso Times, 2010-03-14, accessed 2010-03-17.
  19. ^ McCormick, Rich (March 9, 2016). "Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin plans to start taking tourists into space in 2018". The Verge.
  20. ^ Cofield, Calla (July 20, 2016). "Blue Origin's Crew Capsule Aced Parachute-Failure Test, Jeff Bezos Says". Space.com.
  21. ^ "Clock project to begin near Van Horn, Texas". Retrieved 2010-01-17.
  22. ^ "Saint Motel Break Down 'The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack: Part 1': Exclusive". Retrieved 2019-12-15.

External links