Tompkinsville, Staten Island

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Tompkinsville Welcome Sign

Tompkinsville is a neighborhood in northeastern Staten Island in New York City. Though the neighborhood sits on the island's eastern shore, along the waterfront facing Upper New York Bay, between St. George on the north and Stapleton on the south, it is considered part of the North Shore by the island's residents.

History

Early history

Central Avenue, early 20th century

Tompkinsville, located in the Town of Castleton, was the site where early European explorers replenished their fresh water supplies and was known in colonial times as the "Watering Place". It was opposite the Watering Place that the then largest British expeditionary force, with 450 ships and 32,000 soldiers, arrived in Upper New York Bay and landed in advance of the American Revolutionary War. [1] In 1799, the New York state government took 30 acres (12 ha) along the waterfront, upon which it established the New York Marine Hospital (also "The Quarantine"), a contagious disease hospital. [2] [3]

In 1815, a settlement was established by New York state governor, Daniel D. Tompkins, in the neighborhood next to the existing quarantine station. He was elected Vice President the following year. In 1817 Tompkins built a dock at the foot of present-day Victory Boulevard and began offering steam ferry service to Manhattan. [4] Angry residents burned down the Quarantine in 1858 in a series of attacks known as the Staten Island Quarantine War. Although there were no deaths as a result of the attack, the arsonists completely destroyed the hospital compound. [5]

20th century

In the early 1900s, the telephone exchange that served Staten Island's eastern North Shore was named after the neighborhood; the name of this exchange was changed to "Saint George" in the mid-1920s, and to "Saint George 7" when New York Telephone upgraded telephone service throughout New York City in December 1930. Converted for All-Number Calling, "727" still exists on the island today. It is the sole surviving number of the designations of the 1920s.

Tompkinsville was the site of a Naval Frontier Base of the US Navy for many years. During World War II, it was designated Tompkinsville, SI, New York.

21st century

In the 21st century, Tompkinsville became a racially mixed area, [6] and a little Sri Lanka had developed. [7] In 2014, black Staten Island resident Eric Garner was murdered by police in Tompkinsville, in an incident that received widespread media coverage. [8]

In 2019, the section of Bay Street in Tompkinsville was rezoned to allow for a higher concentration of residential, commercial, and office space along the street. [9] [10] The plan was controversial, as the vast majority of Staten Island Community Board 1 members had rejected the plan, [11] as did many residents of Tompkinsville, [12] and the commissioners of the New York City Planning Commission had mixed opinions. [13]

Culture

Tompkinsville Park

Tompkinsville contains an enclave of Sri Lankans. [7] The neighborhood also hosts a number of live music and art venues, including Everything Goes Book Café, Deep Tanks Studio, Coyle Cavern, Ink Chyx Tattoo & Art Gallery, and the Staten Island LGBT Community Center, all of which take part in the north shore's monthly Second Saturday art walk. [14] As with much of the north shore, the area is decidedly more urban than is typical of Staten Island, evinced in the architecture (predominantly tall brick buildings) and numerous retail stores and eateries. Unlike many other North Shore communities (and like Port Richmond), the neighborhood has no public housing projects. Its housing stock is dominated by single-family homes built in the first few decades of the 20th century.

Demographics

The neighborhood is mixed commercial and residential. Like many areas of the northeastern part of the island, it suffered a decline following the construction of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in 1964, which shifted the commercial activity of the island towards its interior. Recent plans have called for the redevelopment of the harbor front area. The population is racially diverse, primarily made up of African-Americans, Hispanics, and Whites, with recent arrivals including immigrants from such countries as Albania. Tompkinsville also contains a Little Sri Lanka, one of the largest Sri Lankan communities outside of the country of Sri Lanka itself. [15] [16] The neighborhood also has a growing Mexican community.

Transportation

The neighborhood's Staten Island Railway station is one stop south of the terminus at St. George. Unlike at the majority of the Staten Island Railway's stations, a MetroCard must be used to enter or exit at Tompkinsville. Formerly, the exit was free, but faregates were installed at the station in the late 2000s to deter fare avoiders who would exit at the station to avoid paying the fare at St. George.

References

  1. ^ Papas, Philip. That Ever Loyal Island: Staten Island and the American Revolution, 2009, page 77.
  2. ^ Cross Harbor Freight Movement Project in Kings, Queens, Richmond Counties, New York, and Hudson, Union, Middlesex, Essex Counties, New Jersey: Environmental Impact Statement. Cross Harbor Freight Movement Project in Kings, Queens, Richmond Counties, New York, and Hudson, Union, Middlesex, Essex Counties, New Jersey: Environmental Impact Statement. 2004. p. 433. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  3. ^ Stephenson, Kathryn (January 1, 2004). "The Quarantine War: the Burning of the New York Marine Hospital in 1858". Public Health Reports. 119 (1): 79–92. doi: 10.1177/003335490411900114. PMC  1502261. PMID  15147652.
  4. ^ "TOMPKINSVILLE, Staten Island". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  5. ^ Stephenson, Kathryn (January 1, 2004). "The Quarantine War: the Burning of the New York Marine Hospital in 1858". Public Health Reports. 119: 79–92. doi: 10.1177/003335490411900114. PMID  15147652.
  6. ^ "Eric Garner's Neighborhood Fears Rezoning Will Bring Brooklyn-Style Gentrification To Staten Island". Gothamist. July 17, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Little Sri Lanka: An Island Nation Unites on Staten Island". Charter Communications. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  8. ^ Goldstein, Joseph; Santora, Marc (2014-08-01). "Staten Island Man Died From Chokehold During Arrest, Autopsy Finds". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
  9. ^ Spivack, Caroline (June 26, 2019). "Staten Island's Bay Street rezoning approved by City Council". Curbed NY. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  10. ^ Rose, Councilwoman Debi (June 26, 2019). "Bay Street rezoning ends era of nonexistent planning on Staten Island (commentary)". silive. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  11. ^ Spivack, Caroline (January 11, 2019). "Staten Island's Bay Street rezoning rejected by community board". Curbed NY. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  12. ^ staff/steven-wishnia (2019-07-17). "Eric Garner's Neighborhood Fears Rezoning Will Bring Brooklyn-Style Gentrification To Staten Island". Gothamist. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
  13. ^ Spivack, Caroline (April 23, 2019). "Staten Island's Bay Street rezoning approved by City Planning Commission". Curbed NY. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  14. ^ "Second Saturday Staten Island". secondsaturdaystatenisland.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  15. ^ Harrison Peck. "NYC The Official Guide - Must-See Little Sri Lanka: 7 Great Things to See and Do". © 2006–2011 NYC & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
  16. ^ Amy Zavatto (August 5, 2010). "Frommer's - New York City: Exploring Staten Island's Little Sri Lanka". 2000-2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved 2011-11-27.

External links


Latitude and Longitude:

40°38′02″N 74°05′09″W / 40.63389°N 74.08583°W / 40.63389; -74.08583