Location of Safford in Graham County, Arizona
Latitude and Longitude:
|• Mayor||Jason Kouts|
|• Vice Mayor||Richard Ortega|
|• City Council||Chris Taylor, Michael Andazola, Gene Seale, Arnold Lopez, Steve McGaughey|
|• City Manager||Horatio Skeete|
|• City Clerk||Georgia Luster|
|• Total||8.59 sq mi (22.26 km2)|
|• Land||8.56 sq mi (22.17 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||2,917 ft (889 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,165.97/sq mi (450.20/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 ( MST (no DST))|
|GNIS feature ID||10657|
|Website||City of Safford|
Safford ( Western Apache: Ichʼįʼ Nahiłtį́į́)  is a city in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 9,566.  The city is the county seat of Graham County. 
Safford is the principal city of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Graham county.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.6 square miles (22 km2) of it is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) of it (0.18%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census  of 2010, there were 9,566 people, 3,385 households, and 2,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,112.3 people per square mile (429.5/km²). There were 3,908 housing units at an average density of 454.4 per square mile (181.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.4% White, 1.2% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.1% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.6% of the population.
There were 3,385 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city from 2000 census was $29,899, and the median income for a family was $36,696. Males had a median income of $35,915 versus $20,138 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,052. About 13.9% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[ citation needed]
The climate is cold semi-arid ( Köppen: BSk) softened by the plateau rise (it receives enough rainfall not to fall into a cold desert, BWk ). It is much hotter than most places in eastern Arizona due to its relatively low elevation of 2,953 feet (900 m) at the Agricultural Center where records are kept, and often reaches temperatures almost as hot as found in Phoenix. In January, the average high temperature is 60 °F or 15.6 °C with a low of 29 °F or −1.7 °C. In July, the average high temperature is 98 °F or 36.7 °C with a low of 68 °F or 20 °C. Annual precipitation averages around 9.8 inches (248.9 mm), and snowfall is exceptionally rare: the mean is around 0.8 inches (0.020 m) but the median is zero. 
|Climate data for Safford, Arizona|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||60.2
|Average low °F (°C)||29.0
|Record low °F (°C)||9
|Average rainfall inches (mm)||0.74
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)||5.0||4.8||4.5||2.1||2.2||2.2||7.8||8.0||5.3||4.4||3.5||5.1||54.9|
|Source: NOAA |
Monastery of St. Paisius, Safford is an Orthodox women's cenobitic community which follows the traditional rule of monastic life. The monastery, under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR)- Western Diocese is situated in the high Sonoran Desert at the base of Mount Graham.
Safford was founded by Joshua Eaton Bailey, Hiram Kennedy, and Edward Tuttle, who came from Gila Bend, in southwestern Arizona. They left Gila Bend in the winter of 1873-74 because their work on canals and dams had been destroyed by high water the previous summer. Upon arrival early in 1874, the villagers laid out the town site, including a few crude buildings.
The Town of Safford was incorporated October 10, 1901, and changed to City of Safford in 1955.
The city's largest employers are Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold, Safford Unified Schools, DRG Technologies Inc, Bowman Consulting Group, Open Loop Energy and Walmart. Recently, Freeport-McMoRan opened two mining facilities just north of the city that make up the largest new mining operation in North America. Arizona State Prison Complex - Safford also employs many residents, as does the Federal Correctional Institution, Safford. Agriculture is considered to be a major economic activity, with cotton fields and a gin located in the city. A billboard along US Highway 70 announces "Safford .... Copper, Cattle & Cotton".
The community is served by a freight rail line, the Arizona Eastern Railway, and hosts an air facility, Safford Regional Airport. Additionally the Arizona Department of Transportation is upgrading U.S. Route 191 from Interstate 10 into a full four-lane highway. ADOT is considering putting a U.S. Route 70 loop south of the city that would run from Swift Trail Junction to Thatcher.
San Carlos Apache Nnee Bich'o Nii Transit provides transportation from Safford to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation and Globe.  Greyhound Lines serves Safford on its Phoenix- El Paso via Globe route with a stop in Thatcher.
The Safford Unified School District serves the entire city of Safford and some minor outlying areas. The nearby Eastern Arizona College provides higher education services, and a University of Arizona agricultural extension is located to the east of the city.
Legislation has been suggested in state committee to transform the nearby Eastern Arizona College from its present status as a two-year community college into a full four-year educational institution.
Safford is also home to the Eastern Arizona College's Discovery Park Campus, a unique public educational destination facility that provides tours of the world-class telescopes at the Mt. Graham International Observatory, a public access observatory with a research grade 20" Cassagrain telescope, the World's largest permanent mount "Camera Obscura", a full motion Shuttle simulator that takes you on an exciting ride through the Milky Way galaxy, and galleries of historical artifacts from Graham County and the "History of Astronomy" Gallery, as well as a beautifully restored Sonoran riparian area featuring a one-acre ecology education pond and over four miles of trials that take you through the habitat of native and migratory birds, reptiles, and mammals.
The Safford City-Graham County Library provides citizens of Safford with books, computers, free classes, childhood literacy programs and entertainment. It serves 13,625 total citizens between Graham, Greenlee and Gila counties.
Fire protection is provided by the Safford Volunteer Fire Department. The department was organized May 20, 1907, with a Fire Chief and 12 other town volunteers. Today, Safford's volunteer Fire Department consists of a Fire Chief and 31 other volunteer firefighters. The department responds to more than 200 calls per year. The department services the city's 5 square miles (13 km2) as well as encompassing an area of 110 square miles (280 km2) outside the city. 
Due to Safford's relatively isolated dark sky location, the area has been chosen as a prime spot for hosting observatories. Safford and Thatcher's street lights are low-output to improve the quality of the images taken by the observatories atop the mountain to the southwest of the city. The mountain for which the county is named, Mount Graham, is just a few miles southwest of the city. The mountain is home to the Mount Graham International Observatory (MGIO) and Large Binocular Telescope, or LBT. It, when completed, will be the largest binocular telescope in the world. The mountain also is home to the Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope, or VATT. It is also home to the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope, or SMT. The Mount Graham International Observatory complex is operated by the University of Arizona.
- D. J. Carrasco, MLB pitcher
- Michael Ensign, actor
- Justin Gaethje, mixed martial artist, former World Series of Fighting Lightweight Champion
- Matthew Lopez, UFC mixed martial artist
- Fred Mortensen, former NFL quarterback for the Denver Broncos and Washington Redskins
- Dale Smith, team roping world champion, Rodeo Hall of Famer
- Jerry Doyle Claxton 1979 Medal of Valor recipient from the Los Angeles Police Department, the highest award given by the L.A.P.D.
Safford is one of the settings for the 1985 Albert Brooks comedy Lost in America. Safford is also the setting for the Jim W. Coleman book Omens. Safford is the birthplace of former 5-time World Series of Fighting Lightweight champion, and current #5 ranked lightweight fighter in the UFC, Justin Gaethje. He is the first and only fighter with the promotion having his first 5 fights result in a $50,000 fight night bonus. Many consider him the most exciting fighter to watch due to his fearless fighting style and brutal leg kicks. Gaethje currently resides in Arvada Colorado where he trains.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- William J. de Reuse (2006), A Practical Grammar of the San Carlos Apache Language, Lincom Europa
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Safford, Arizona Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
- "Us Climate Data".
- SAFFORD AGRICULTURAL CENTER Archived 2014-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
- McClintock, James H. (1921). Mormon Settlement in Arizona; a Record of Peaceful Conquest of the Desert. Manufacturing Stationers. p. 242.
- "GLOBE/SAFFORD ROUTE". Nnee Bich'o Nii Transit. Retrieved 2020-01-27.
- City of Safford (Public Safety) Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Hayden, Carl T., & Arizona State University (1997). Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection. Tempe, Ariz.: Arizona Collection, Dept. of Archives and Manuscripts, Arizona State University Libraries. Biography of Joshua Eaton Bailey. OCLC 38130259.
- McClintock, James H. (1985). Mormon Settlement in Arizona. Tucson, Ariz.: University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0-8165-0953-0.
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