Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a
state in the
Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the
Atlantic Coast and the
Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the
Commonwealth are shaped by the
Blue Ridge Mountains and the
Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is
Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and
Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population is over 8.54 million.
The area's history begins with
several indigenous groups, including the
Powhatan. In 1607 the
London Company established the
Colony of Virginia as the first permanent
English colony in the
New World. Virginia's state nickname, the Old Dominion, is a reference to this status. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the
13 Colonies in the
American Revolution. In the
American Civil War, Virginia's
Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy while the
First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union, leading to a split that created
West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under
one-party rule for nearly a century following
Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.
was the costliest and deadliest
2003 Atlantic hurricane season
. The ninth named storm and fifth hurricane of the
formed near the Cape Verde Islands
on September 6 in the tropical
. It moved northwestward and steadily strengthened to reach peak winds of 165 mph (265 km/h) on September 11. Isabel gradually weakened and made landfall on the
with winds of 105 mph (165 km/h) on September 18, quickly weakening over land and became
the next day.
The worst effects of Isabel occurred in
Virginia, especially in the
Hampton Roads area and along the shores of rivers as far west and north as
Washington, DC. Electric service was disrupted in areas of Virginia for several days, some more rural areas were without electricity for weeks, and local flooding caused thousands of dollars in damage. Overall, roughly six million people overall were left without electric service in the eastern United States and damage totalled about $ 5.7 billion (2003 USD, $7.92 billion 2020 USD). 16 deaths in seven U.S. states were directly related to the hurricane, with 35 deaths in six states and one Canadian province indirectly related to the hurricane.
(May 3, 1891 – February 28, 1963), nicknamed "Jephtha", was an American
who played 21 seasons for the
Major League Baseball
from 1912 to 1933. Rixey was best known as the
leader in career victories for a
with 266 wins until
surpassed his total in 1959.
Culpeper, Virginia, Rixey attended the
University of Virginia where he was a star pitcher. He was discovered by umpire
Cy Rigler, who convinced him to sign directly with the Phillies, bypassing minor league baseball entirely. His time with the Phillies was marked by inconsistency. He
won 22 games in 1916, but also led the league in losses twice. In 1915, the Phillies played in the World Series, and Rixey lost in his only appearance. After being traded to the Reds prior to the 1921 season, he won 20 or more games in a season three times, including a league-leading 25 in 1922, and posted eight consecutive winning seasons. His skills were declining by the 1929 season, when his record was 10–13 with a 4.16
earned run average. He pitched another four seasons before retiring after the 1933 season.
intellectual who taught high school Latin during the off-season, earning the nickname "Jephtha" for his southern drawl, Rixey was elected to the
Baseball Hall of Fame in 1963.
This month in Virginia history
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Did you know...
- ... that
Virginia House in
Richmond (pictured), was once a
Warwickshire, England, and was used to entertain
Queen Elizabeth I?
- ... that, in spite of lobbying from
New Hampshire residents, the episodes of
The West Wing "
Manchester Part I and Part II" were filmed in
Bluemont, Virginia instead?
- ...the original
Norfolk Southern Railway was a small regional
North Carolina for 98 years before it became the namesake of the current
Norfolk Southern Railway in 1982?
- ... that the Tayloe family of
Richmond County, Virginia, including
John Tayloe I, his son,
John Tayloe II, and grandson,
John Tayloe III, "exemplified
- Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
- Highest elevation: 5,729 ft (
- Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
- Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788
Ralph Northam (
- Lieutenant Governor:
Justin Fairfax (D)
- Attorney General:
Mark Herring (D)
Tim Kaine (D),
Mark Warner (D)
Rob Wittman (R-1st),
Elaine Luria (D-2nd),
Bobby Scott (D-3rd),
Donald McEachin (D-4th),
Denver Riggleman (R-5th),
Ben Cline (R-6th),
Abigail Spanberger (D-7th),
Don Beyer (D-8th),
Morgan Griffith (R-9th),
Jennifer Wexton (D-10th),
Gerry Connolly (D-11th)
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