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Portal:Florida

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The Florida Portal

Florida ( /ˈflɒrɪdə/ ( About this sound listen), Spanish pronunciation:  [floˈɾiða]) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21 million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. The state's capital is Tallahassee and its most populous municipality is Jacksonville. The Miami metropolitan area, with a population of almost 6.2 million, is the most populous urban area in Florida and the seventh-most populous in the United States. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state, and if it were a country, Florida would be the 16th-largest economy in the world.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ( [la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there. At various points in its colonial history, Florida was administered by Spain and Great Britain. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816 – 1858), the longest and most extensive of Indian Wars in United States history. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. After the Civil War, Florida was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. It is the flattest state in the United States, and Lake Okeechobee is its largest freshwater lake.

The state's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of Florida culture and daily life. Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, Latino, and Asian heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters.

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The indigenous people of the Everglades region arrived in the Florida peninsula of what is now the United States approximately 14,000 to 15,000 years ago, probably following large game. The Paleo-Indians found an arid landscape that supported plants and animals adapted to prairie and xeric scrub conditions. Large animals became extinct in Florida around 11,000 years ago. Climate changes 6,500 years ago brought a wetter landscape. The Paleo-Indians slowly adapted to the new conditions. Archaeologists call the cultures that resulted from the adaptations Archaic peoples. They were better suited for environmental changes than their ancestors, and created many tools with the resources they had. Approximately 5,000 years ago, the climate shifted again to cause the regular flooding from Lake Okeechobee that gave rise to the Everglades ecosystems.

From the Archaic peoples, two major tribes emerged in the area: the Calusa and the Tequesta. The earliest written descriptions of these people come from Spanish explorers, who sought to convert and conquer them. Although they lived in complex societies, little evidence of their existence remains today. The Calusa were more powerful in number and political structure. Their territory was centered on modern-day Ft. Myers, and extended as far north as Tampa, as far east as Lake Okeechobee, and as far south as the Keys. The Tequesta lived on the southeastern coast of the Florida peninsula around what is today Biscayne Bay and the Miami River. Both societies were well adapted to live in the various ecosystems of the Everglades regions. Their people often traveled through the heart of the Everglades, though they rarely lived within it. Read more...
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Believe me, this country [Florida] has been greatly overrated. One acre of our fine Tennessee land is worth a thousand here

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Spurrier in 2016

Stephen Orr Spurrier (born April 20, 1945) is a former American football player and coach often referred to by his nickname, the "Head Ball Coach". Steve Spurrier was born in Miami Beach, Florida and grew up in Tennessee, where he was a multi-sport all-state athlete at Science Hill High School in Johnson City. He attended the University of Florida, where he won the 1966 Heisman Trophy as a college football quarterback with the Florida Gators. The San Francisco 49ers picked him in the first round of the 1967 NFL draft, and he spent a decade playing professionally in the National Football League (NFL), mainly as a backup quarterback and punter. Spurrier was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1986.

After retiring as a player, Spurrier went into coaching and spent several years as an assistant at several college programs, including at Duke University, where he began to develop his innovative offensive system while serving as the Blue Devils' offensive coordinator in the early 1980s. He was hired to his first head coaching job by the Tampa Bay Bandits of the United States Football League (USFL) in 1983. The USFL folded after three seasons, and Spurrier returned to the college ranks, serving as the head football coach at Duke (3 seasons), Florida (12 seasons), and South Carolina (10.5 seasons). Between his stints at Florida and South Carolina, he led the National Football League's Washington Redskins for two seasons. Spurrier retired from coaching in 2015 and became an ambassador and consultant for the University of Florida's athletic department, though he briefly returned to the sideline as the head coach of the Orlando Apollos of the short-lived Alliance of American Football in 2019. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2017, making him one of four members to be inducted as both a player and a coach. Read more...

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Current events

September 16, 2020 – 2020 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Sally strengthens into a Category 2 hurricane. The storm has forced evacuations and left more than 150,000 people without electricity. It is now expected to make landfall near southeastern Mississippi and the Florida Panhandle. (CNN)
Part of the Pensacola Bay Bridge in Pensacola, Florida, collapses due to a crane falling on it. (USA Today)
September 13, 2020 – Hurricane Sally
Hurricane warnings are issued to multiple locations in Louisiana and Mississippi as Hurricane Sally approaches from the Gulf of Mexico with sustained winds of 50 mph (80 km/h). Flood watches are still in effect in Florida's west coast, including Tampa. (CNN)
September 11, 2020 – Economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Florida
It is announced that bars in South Florida counties such as Miami-Dade and Palm Beach County will remain closed. However, bars in the rest of the state will be allowed to reopen at a 50% capacity. (The Sun-Sentinel) (New York Daily News)
September 7, 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Florida

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The following are images from various Florida-related articles on Wikipedia.

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1910 Cuba hurricane1928 Okeechobee hurricane2012 Budweiser ShootoutAmerican white ibisAndrew SleddBiscayne National ParkDerek JeterDraining and development of the EvergladesErnest HemingwayEverglades National ParkFalcon's FuryFlorida Atlantic UniversityGeography and ecology of the EvergladesGregor MacGregorGuy BradleyHogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort)Hurricane AndrewIndigenous people of the Everglades regionJohn F. BoltMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiRosewood massacreSci-Fi Dine-In Theater RestaurantSheiKraSt. Johns RiverStephen CraneTurning Point (2008 wrestling)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)Walt Disney World RailroadWilliam Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanesList of Tampa Bay Rays seasonsList of University of Central Florida alumniList of birds of FloridaList of counties in FloridaList of governors of FloridaList of invasive species in the EvergladesList of mammals of FloridaList of municipalities in FloridaList of sister cities in FloridaSnow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane1928 Florida Gators football team1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election1998 Pepsi 4002003 Budweiser Shootout2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament2006 Daytona 5002006 Ford 4002008 TNA World X Cup Tournament2009 Budweiser Shootout2009 Ford 4002010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 3002010 Daytona 5002010 Ford 4002011 Budweiser Shootout2011 Daytona 5002011 Gatorade Duels2012 Daytona 5002012 Gatorade Duels2018 24 Hours of DaytonaAgainst All Odds (2005)Albert A. MurphreeAndy HansenApalachee massacreApollo 1Ashlyn HarrisBattle of Flint RiverBob TurleyBomisBound for Glory (2005)Burger KingBurger King franchisesBurger King legal issuesBurger King productsCarlos (Calusa)Caroline Street (Key West)Casey Donovan (actor)Catie BallChad MottolaChicago Options AssociatesChuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaignClimate of FloridaClimate of the Tampa Bay areaCobra's CurseColonial Plaza

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Charlotte County Sheriff's Office (2020-08-13)WNDO (2020-07-01)Frank Varga (2020-06-15)WEBY (2020-06-03)WDWR (2020-06-01)WNMA (2020-05-13)Luria's (2020-05-08)Disappearance of Don Lewis (2020-05-01)Carole Baskin (2020-04-29)John Tiedtke (2020-04-20)Port Charlotte Town Center (2020-04-19)Amitermes floridensis (2020-03-22)Mary Helen Johnston (2020-03-11)WIRK-TV (2020-02-29)WETV (Florida) (2020-02-08)2016 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-29)WZKO (2020-01-25)2018 24 Hours of Daytona (2020-01-21)Cypress Creek Middle High School (2020-01-14)WFAB (Miami) (2020-01-11)WHSR (2020-01-09)WGAG-FM (2019-09-29)Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22)History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24)Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27)Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20)Florida shuffle (2019-04-09)Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05)Wayne Messam (2019-03-15)2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05)Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24)Emilio Milián (2019-02-24)Steve Swindal (2019-02-15)2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09)Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02)Reticulated siren (2018-12-24)Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15)Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12)2018 Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09)Mako (roller coaster) (2018-10-04)Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03)Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06)Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02)Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10)Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29)1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21)Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02)Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18)Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03)Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19)

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Swimming area at Wekiwa Springs State Park
Credit: Ebyabe

Wekiwa Springs State Park is a 7,000 acre (28 km²) Florida State Park in Apopka, Florida. It is located 20 minutes north of Orlando, off Interstate 4 at exit 94, near Altamonte Springs and Longwood. The park also contains the head water of the Wekiva River. It also serves as the headquarters of one of the state's five AmeriCorps Florida State Parks chapters.

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Sources

  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba — or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers’ Almanac. March 20, 2015.