Pinterest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pinterest, Inc.
Pinterest Logo.svg
Screenshot
Pinterest home.png
The default page shown to logged-out users (the background montage images are variable)
Type of site
Private
Traded as NYSEPINS (Class A)
FoundedDecember 2009; 10 years ago (2009-12)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, U.S,
Founder(s) Ben Silbermann
Paul Sciarra
Evan Sharp
Key peopleBen Silbermann ( CEO)
Evan Sharp (chief product officer)
Industry Internet
Employees1,600
URL www.pinterest.com
Alexa rankNegative increase 150 (April 2020) [1]
[2] [3] [4]

Pinterest is an American image sharing and social media service designed to enable saving and discovery of information (specifically "ideas" [5]) on the World Wide Web using images and, on a smaller scale, GIFs and videos, [6] in the form of pinboards. [7] The site was created by Ben Silbermann, Paul Sciarra, and Evan Sharp and had 300 million monthly active users as of August 2019. [8] It is operated by Pinterest, Inc., based in San Francisco.

History

Development of Pinterest began in December 2009, and the site launched the prototype as a closed beta in March 2010. Nine months after the launch the website had 10,000 users. [9] Silbermann said he personally wrote to the site's first 5,000 users offering his personal phone number and even meeting with some of its users. [10] The launch of an iPhone app in early March 2011, brought in more downloads than expected. [11] This was followed by an iPad app [12] and Pinterest Mobile, a version of the website for non-iPhone users. [13] Silbermann and a few programmers operated the site out of a small apartment until the summer of 2011. [10]

Logo from 2011

Pinterest grew rapidly during this period. On August 10, 2011, Time magazine listed Pinterest in its "50 Best Websites of 2011" article. [14] In December 2011, the site became one of the top 10 largest social network services, according to Hitwise data, with 11 million total visits per week. [15] Pinterest won the Best New Startup of 2011 at the TechCrunch Crunchies Awards. [16] [17] For January 2012, comScore reported the site had 11.7 million unique U.S. visitors, making it the fastest site ever to break through the 10 million unique visitor mark. [18] At the 2012 Webby Awards, Pinterest won Best Social Media App and People's Voice Award for best functioning visual design. [19]

Founder Ben Silbermann (left) at the South by Southwest Interactive conference in March 2012

On 23 March 2012, Pinterest unveiled updated terms of service that eliminated the policy that gave it the right to sell its users' content. [20] [21] On August 10, 2012, Pinterest altered their policy so that a request or an invitation was no longer required to join the site. [22] In October 2012, Pinterest launched business accounts allowing businesses to either convert their existing personal accounts into business accounts or start from scratch. [23]

Although starting out as a "social network" with boards, in later years the company has put increasing emphasis in visual search [24] and e-commerce, [25] such as shopping catalogs. [26]

In February 2019, The Wall Street Journal stated that Pinterest secretly filed for an Initial Public Offering (IPO) of stock. The total valuation of the company at the time reached $12 billion. [27] They went public on April 18, 2019 at $19 per share, closing the day at $24.40 per share. [28]

Features and content

The creators behind Pinterest summarized the service as a "catalogue of ideas" that inspires users to "go out and do that thing", although that it is not an image-based " social network". [29] In later years, Pinterest has also been described as a "visual search engine". [24] [30]

Pinterest consists mainly of "pins" and "boards". A pin is an image that has been linked from a website or uploaded. Pins saved from one user's board can be saved to someone else's board, a process known as "repinning". [31] Boards are collections of pins dedicated to a theme such as quotations, travel, or weddings. Boards with multiple ideas can have different sections that further contain multiple pins. [32] Users can follow and unfollow other users as well as boards, which would fill the "home feed". [33]

Content can also be found outside Pinterest and similarly uploaded to a board via the "Save" button, which can be downloaded to the bookmark bar on a web browser, [34] or be implemented by a webmaster directly on the website. It was originally called the "Pin it" button but was renamed in 2016 to "Save" due to international expansion, making the site more intuitive to new users. [35]

In August 2016, Pinterest launched a video player that lets users and brands upload and store clips of any length straight to the site. [36]

Exploring

Design as of 2012.

The home feed is a collection of Pins from the users, boards, and topics followed, as well as a few promoted pins and pins Pinterest has picked. [33] On the main Pinterest page, a "pin feed" appears, displaying the chronological activity from the Pinterest boards that a user follows. [37]

In October 2013, Pinterest began displaying advertisements in the form of "Promoted Pins". [38] Promoted Pins are based on an individual user's interests, things done on Pinterest, or a result of visiting an advertiser's site or app. [39]

In 2015, Pinterest implemented a feature that allows users to search with images instead of words. [40]

In March 2020, Pinterest introduced the "Today" tab on the home feed which shows trending pins. [41]

Visual search

In 2017, Pinterest introduced a " visual search" function that allows users to search for elements in images (existing pins, existing parts of a photo, or new photos) and guide users to suggested similar content within Pinterest's database. [42] The tools powered by artificial intelligence are called Pinterest Lens, Shop the Look, and Instant Ideas. [43] [44] [45] [46] [44]

Shopping and catalogs

The platform has drawn businesses, especially retailers, to create pages aimed at promoting their companies online as a "virtual storefront". [47]

In 2013, Pinterest introduced a new tool called "Rich Pins", to enhance the customer experience when browsing through pins made by companies. Business pages can include various data, topics, and information such as prices of products, ratings of movies or ingredients for recipes. [48]

In June 2015, Pinterest unveiled "buyable pins" that allows users to purchase things directly from Pinterest. [49] [50] In October 2018, the buyable pins feature was replaced by "Product Pins" [51] [52]

In March 2019, Pinterest added product catalogs and personalized shopping recommendations with the "more from [brand]" option, showcasing a range of product Pins from the same business. [53]

Pinterest Analytics

Pinterest Analytics is much like Google Analytics. It is a created service that generates comprehensive statistics on a specific website's traffic, commonly used by marketers. Pins, pinners, repins, and repinners are some aspects of user data that Pinterest Analytics provides. It also collects data that depicts the percentage of change within a specific time, to determine if a product is more popular on a specific day during the week, or slowly becoming unpopular. This data helps marketing agencies alter their strategies to gain more popularity, often changing the visual content to appeal to the Pinterest community. The "Most Clicked" tab in Pinterest Analytics demonstrates products that are more likely to sell. [54] Through the access of Pinterest Analytics, companies receive insight to data via API. [55]

Usage

Pinterest is a free website that requires registration to use. [56] The service is currently accessible through a web browser, and apps for iOS, Android, and Windows 10 PCs.

In February 2013, Reuters and ComScore stated that Pinterest had 48.7 million users globally, [57] and a study released in July 2013 by French social media agency Semiocast revealed the website had 70 million users worldwide. [58] The official figure from Pinterest was announced as 150 million monthly active users in October 2016 - 70 million in the U.S. and 80 million outside the U.S. - [59] rising to 175 million monthly active users in April 2017 [60] and 250 million in September 2018. [61]

Demographics

Pinterest has largely appealed to women, [62] especially its early user base. In 2012, a report found that 83% of the global users were women. [63] In terms of age distribution, the Pinterest demographic closely resembled the U.S. Internet population as of 2012. [64] In October 2016, the proportion of women users was lower at 60%, [65] although 60% of new signups were women and 40% were men. [66]

In science

Data from Pinterest has been used for research in different areas. For example, it is possible to find patterns of activity that attract the attention of audience and content reposting, including the extent to which users specialize in particular topics, and homophily among users. [67] Another work focused on studying the characteristics, manifestations and overall effects of user behaviors from various aspects, as well as correlations between neighboring users and the topology of the network structure. [68] There is also study, that based on Pinterest proposed a novel pinboard recommendation system for Twitter users. [69]

Pinterest data can be also used in quality assessment of Wikipedia articles and their sources in different languages. [70]

Corporate affairs

Part of Pinterest's headquarters in San Francisco's SoMa area (2019)

Pinterest, Inc. is headquartered in San Francisco, California. Originally it was based in Palo Alto before moving in 2012. [71]

In early 2011, the company secured a US$10 million Series A financing led by Jeremy Levine and Sarah Tavel of Bessemer Venture Partners. In October 2011, after an introduction from Kevin Hartz and Jeremy Stoppelman, the company secured US$27 million in funding from Andreessen Horowitz, which valued the company at US$200 million. [72][ citation needed]

Co-founder Paul Sciarra left his position at Pinterest in April 2012 for a consulting job as entrepreneur in residence at Andreessen Horowitz. [73]

On 17 May 2012, Japanese electronic commerce company Rakuten announced it was leading a $100 million investment in Pinterest, alongside investors including Andreessen Horowitz, Bessemer Venture Partners, and FirstMark Capital, based on a valuation of $1.5 billion. [74] [75]

On September 20, 2012, Pinterest announced the hiring of its new head of engineering, Jon Jenkins. Jenkins came from Amazon, where he spent eight years as an engineering lead and was also a director of developer tools, platform analysis and website platform. [76]

In late October 2013, Pinterest secured a $225 million round of equity funding that valued the website at $3.8 billion. [77]

In 2014, Pinterest generated its first revenue, when it began charging advertisers to promote their wares to the site's millions of hobbyists, vacation planners, and do-it-yourselfers. Ads on the site could generate as much as $500 million in 2016, estimates Michael Pachter, an analyst at Wedbush Securities. [78]

In 2015, investors valued Pinterest, Inc. at $11 billion, [50] making it a " unicorn" (a start-up with a valuation exceeding $1 billion). [79] As of 2017 the company was valued at $12 billion. [80]

In June 2017, Pinterest raised $150 million from a group of existing investors. [80]

In Alex Heath's article on Business Insider, he sheds a light to Pinterest's interest in becoming a search company, hence, "the company is putting search front and center in its app with [Pinterest Lens]". [81]

Acquisitions

In March 2013, Pinterest acquired Livestar. Terms were not disclosed. [82] In early October 2013, Pinterest acquired Hackermeter. The company's co-founders, Lucas Baker and Frost Li, joined Pinterest as engineers. [83]

In April 2015, Pinterest acquired the team from Hike Labs, which had been developing a mobile publishing application called Drafty. [84]

In May 2016, Pinterest acquired mobile deep linking startup URX to help accelerate its content understanding efforts. [85] The URX team's expertise in mobile content discovery and recommendation would prove critical to helping Pinterest understand its corpus of over 100 billion pins, to better recommend them to its users.

On August 23, 2016, Pinterest announced that it would be acquiring the team behind Instapaper, which will continue operating as a separate app. The Instapaper team will both work on the core Pinterest experience and updating Instapaper. [86]

On March 8, 2017, Pinterest said it had acquired Jelly Industries, a small search-engine company founded by Biz Stone. [87]

Criticism

Copyrighted content

Pinterest has a notification system that copyright holders can use to request that content be removed from the site. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) safe harbor status of Pinterest has been questioned given that it actively promotes its users to copy to Pinterest, for their perpetual use, any image on the Internet. Pinterest users cannot claim safe harbor status and as such are exposed to possible legal action for pinning copyright material. Pinterest allows users to transfer information; intellectual property rights come to play.

A "nopin" HTML meta tag was released by Pinterest on 20 February 2012 to allow websites to opt out of their images being pinned. On 24 February 2012, Flickr implemented the code to allow users to opt out. [88] [89]

Pinterest released a statement in March 2012 saying it believed it was protected by the DMCA's safe harbor provisions. [90]

In early May 2012, the site added automatic attribution of authors on images originating from Flickr, Behance, YouTube and Vimeo. Automatic attribution was also added for Pins from sites mirroring content on Flickr. At the same time, Flickr added a Pin shortcut to its share option menu to users who have not opted out of sharing their images. [91]

Content creators on sites such as iStock have expressed concern over their work being reused on Pinterest without permission. Getty Images said that it was aware of Pinterest's copyright issues and was in discussion with them.

Legal status

In February 2012, photographer and lawyer Kirsten Kowalski wrote a blog post explaining how her interpretation of copyright law led her to delete all her infringing pins. [92] The post contributed to scrutiny over Pinterest's legal status. [93] The post went viral and reached founder Ben Silbermann who contacted Kowalski to discuss making the website more compliant with the law. [92]

Terms of service

Pinterest's earlier terms of service ambiguously asserted ownership of user content. A March 2012 article in Scientific American criticized Pinterest's self-imposed ownership of user content stating that "Pinterest's terms of service have been garnering a lot of criticism for stating in no uncertain terms that anything you 'pin' to their site belongs to them. Completely. Wholly. Forever and for always." [94]

At the time, Pinterest's terms of service stated that "By making available any Member Content through the Site, Application or Services, you hereby grant to Cold Brew Labs a worldwide, irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, transferable, royalty-free license, with the right to sublicense, to use, copy, adapt, modify, distribute, license, sell, transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast, access, view, and otherwise exploit such Member Content only on, through or by means of the Site, Application or Services." [94] Under these terms all personal, creative and intellectual property posted to the site belonged to the website and could be sold. A Scientific American blogger pointed out that this contradicted another line in the terms of service, that "Cold Brew Labs does not claim any ownership rights in any such Member Content". [95]

Several days later, Pinterest unveiled updated terms of service that, once implemented in April, ended the site's previous claims of ownership of posted images. "Selling content was never our intention", said the company in a blog post. [20] [21]

Use by scammers

Social engineering of Pinterest users by scammers to propagate surveys promising free products was noted by the computer security firm Symantec in March 2012. Scam images, often branded with a well-known company name like Starbucks, offer incentives such as gift cards for completing a survey. Once the link in the description is clicked, users are taken to an external site and asked to re-pin the scam image. Victims are phished for their personal information and the promised free product is never delivered. [96]

Censorship

In its 2019 "Who Has Your Back?" report, the Electronic Frontier Foundation gave Pinterest a three (out of six) star rating, highlighting improvements in the company's transparency reports about government takedown notices, but criticizing the lack of a clear commitment to notify users about content removals and account suspensions. [97]

In March 2017, Chinese authorities blocked Pinterest without explanation. The block was imposed during the annual National People's Congress, a politically sensitive period in the country. While Pinterest is not known for its political content, experts identified the ban as consistent with Chinese government efforts to use website blocks and the " Great Firewall" as an industrial policy tool to promote Chinese tech companies (e.g., Baidu, Youku, Weibo, and Renren) by censoring foreign tech companies. [98] Huaban, Duitang and many other websites bear similarities to Pinterest. [99]

Internet service providers in India had blocked Pinterest following a Madras High Court order in July 2016 to block a list of around 225 "rogue websites indulging in online piracy and infringement of copyright". The block was temporary. [100] [101]

Content policies and user bans

In October 2012, Pinterest added a new feature allowing users to report others for negative and offensive activity or block other users if they do not want to view their content, a bid that the company said aimed to keep the site "positive and respectful." [102]

In December 2018, Pinterest began to take steps to block health misinformation from its recommendations engine, and blocked various searches, content, and user accounts that related to, or promoted, unproved and disproven cancer treatments. [103] The company said it also blocked multiple accounts that linked to external websites that sold supplements and other products that were not scientifically validated. [103] In January 2019, Pinterest stopped returning search results relating to vaccines, in order to step the tide of anti-vaccination content on the platform. [103] Prior to the measure, the company said that the majority of vaccination-related images shared on the platform were anti-vaccination, contradicting the scientific research establishing the safety of vaccines. [103]

In June 2019, anti-abortion group Live Action was banned from Pinterest; the company said the permanent suspension was imposed for spreading "harmful misinformation, [which] includes medical misinformation and conspiracies that turn individuals and facilities into targets for harassment or violence." [104]

In December 2019, following a campaign from the activist group Color of Change, Pinterest announced that it would restrict content that advertises wedding events on former slave plantations. [105]

See also

References

  1. ^ "pinterest.com Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic - Alexa". alexa.com. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Pinterest Office Tour \u2013 San Francisco Tech Headquarters". Refinery29.
  3. ^ Coombs, Casey; Stewart, Ashley (August 9, 2016). "Pinterest chooses Seattle for its first engineering office outside the Bay Area". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved February 18, 2017. Pinterest employs more than 800 employees worldwide, including 350 engineers.
  4. ^ "Company". Pinterest Newsroom.
  5. ^ Gershgorn, Dave. "Pinterest is distancing itself from social networks as it goes public". Quartz.
  6. ^ "New Pinterest features encourage brands and creators to upload more videos". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  7. ^ Social, C. M. S. "How Pinterest Is Different from Other Social Media Platforms – CMS Social Media Company Miami FL".
  8. ^ Fiegerman, Seth (2019-08-01). "Pinterest hits 300 million monthly users and its stock is soaring". CNN. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  9. ^ "Obsessions In Overdrive: Pinterest.com - Gala Darling". Gala Darling. 2011-01-12. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  10. ^ a b Griggs, Brandon (14 March 2012). "Pinterest: Revamped profile pages, iPad app coming soon". CNN. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  11. ^ Carlson, Nicholas (May 1, 2011). "Inside Pinterest: An Overnight Success Four Years In The Making". Business Insider. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  12. ^ Price, Emily. "Pinterest Updates iOS App to Make Editing Pins Easier". Mashable. Mashable. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  13. ^ Pinterest (13 September 2011). "Pinterest Mobile". Pinterest Blog. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  14. ^ McCracken, Harry (August 16, 2011). "The 50 Best Websites of 2011". Time. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  15. ^ Sloan, Paul (December 22, 2011). "Pinterest: Crazy growth lands it as top 10 social site". CNET News. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
  16. ^ Constine, Josh (January 31, 2012). "Congratulations Crunchies Winners! Dropbox Is The Best Overall Startup". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  17. ^ "Pinterest wins Best New Startup of 2011 Crunchie, now driving more referrals than Reddit \u2013 VentureBeat \u2013 Social \u2013 by Sean Ludwig". venturebeat.com.[ permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Pinterest Hits 10 Million U.S. Monthly Uniques Faster Than Any Standalone Site Ever -comScore". TechCrunch. February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  19. ^ Jake Coyle (1 May 2012). "Louis C.K., Instagram, Pinterest and Facebook win Webby Awards". Nercury News.com. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
  20. ^ a b DesMarais, Christina (24 March 2012). "Pinterest Responds to Concerns, Changes Terms of Service". PC World. Retrieved 24 March 2012. Among other things, Pinterest says it never intended to sell user content and has removed from its terms of service wording that granted the company the right to do so.
  21. ^ a b Pinterest (23 March 2012). "Updated Pinterest Terms". Pinterest Blog. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  22. ^ "Bigger than ever, Pinterest opens up to all". The Sydney Morning Herald. August 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  23. ^ "Pinterest Finally Rolls Out Business Accounts". HubSpot. 14 October 2012.
  24. ^ a b "Pinterest wants you to think of it as a visual search engine". Engadget.
  25. ^ "Pinterest's new tools turn it into more of a storefront". Engadget.
  26. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-07/shopify-merchants-can-now-tap-into-350-million-pinterest-users
  27. ^ Farrell, Maureen (2019-02-22). "Pinterest Files Confidentially for IPO". Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
  28. ^ "Pinterest and Zoom surge in early trading after IPO". Washington Post. 2019-04-18. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  29. ^ Nusca, Andrew (13 July 2015). "Pinterest CEO Ben Silbermann: We're not a social network". Fortune. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  30. ^ Boyd, Clark (September 24, 2019). "Pinterest Lens: What the Latest Updates Mean for Visual Search". Medium.
  31. ^ Crook, Jordan. "This Is Everything You Need To Know About Pinterest (Infographic)". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  32. ^ "All about boards". Help Center. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  33. ^ a b "Following and your home feed". Help Center. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  34. ^ "Pinterest / goodies". Pinterest.com. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  35. ^ Chaykowski, Kathleen. "Pinterest Renames 'Pin It' Button As 'Save' In Push For Global Growth". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  36. ^ Lauren Johnson (17 August 2016). "Pinterest Is Making a Play for Big-Brand Dollars With Its First Video Ads". Adweek. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  37. ^ "Pinterest / What is Following?". Pinterest.com. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  38. ^ Perez, Sarah. "Pinterest's Promoted Pins Are Now In The Wild, Here's How They Look". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  39. ^ "What are Promoted Pins?". Help Center. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  40. ^ Condliffe, Jamie. "Pinterest Now Has Visual Search and It's Kinda Smart". Gizmodo. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  41. ^ "Pinterest's new Today tabs offers curated boards and coronavirus info". Engadget.
  42. ^ Lynley, Matthew. "Pinterest adds visual search for elements in images and through your camera". Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  43. ^ "Pinterest Launches 'Lens' and 'Instant Ideas' Visual Discovery Tools". iPhone Hacks | #1 iPhone, iPad, iOS Blog. February 8, 2017.
  44. ^ a b David Cohen (15 May 2017). "Pinterest Brings Its Visual Discovery Technology to the Advertising Side". Adweek. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  45. ^ Sarah Perez (16 May 2017). "Pinterest will soon let advertisers reach consumers through their smartphone's camera". TechCrunch. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  46. ^ Matthew Lynley (16 May 2017). "Pinterest's visual search technology is coming to its ads". TechCrunch. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  47. ^ "How Pinterest Drives Online Sales / Pinterest Ecommerce Infographic". Shopify. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  48. ^ Pinterest adds more data to your boards with rich pins. Engadget.com. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  49. ^ Matthew Lynley, TechCrunch. " Pinterest Unveils Buyable Pins, A Way To Purchase Things Directly Within Pinterest." June 2, 2015. June 3, 2015.
  50. ^ a b Guynn, Jessica (2015-06-02). "Pinterest to launch 'buy' buttons". Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  51. ^ "Pinterest rolls out product recommendations for easier shopping". Engadget.
  52. ^ "New ways to shop with Pinterest". Pinterest Newsroom.
  53. ^ "Pinterest Adds More Ways for Businesses to Share and Promote their Products". Social Media Today. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  54. ^ "Pinterest drives more revenue per click than Twitter or Facebook". VentureBeat.
  55. ^ "Pinterest Rolls Out A New "Business Insights" API To Select Marketing Technology Companies". TechCrunch. AOL.
  56. ^ "Terms of Service". About Pinterest.
  57. ^ "Start-up Pinterest wins new funding, $2.5 billion valuation". reuters.
  58. ^ Horwitz, Josh. (2013-07-10) Semiocast: Pinterest now has 70 million users and is steadily gaining momentum outside the US. The Next Web. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  59. ^ "150 million people finding ideas on Pinterest". company website. 2016-10-13. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
  60. ^ "175 million people discovering new possibilities on Pinterest". company website. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  61. ^ "Helping a quarter billion people find inspiration". company website. 10 September 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  62. ^ https://www.bizjournals.com/bizwomen/news/latest-news/2019/05/pinterest-is-a-winner-with-women-can-it-do-the.html?page=all
  63. ^ "Pinterest: A Review of Social Media's Newest Sweetheart" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  64. ^ Ryan LaSala (2012-09-04). "Pinterest vs. Tumblr: Not Even a Contest". Compete.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-10. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
  65. ^ Smith, Craig (December 10, 2017). "275 Amazing Pinterest Facts, Demographics and Statistics (October 2017)". DMR. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  66. ^ "150 million people finding ideas on Pinterest". Pinterest Newsroom.
  67. ^ Chang, S., Kumar, V., Gilbert, E., & Terveen, L. G. (2014). Specialization, homophily, and gender in a social curation site: findings from pinterest. In Proceedings of the 17th ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work & social computing (pp. 674-686). ACM.
  68. ^ Feng, Ziming; Cong, Feng; Chen, Kailong; Yu, Yong (2013). "An Empirical Study of User Behaviors on Pinterest Social Network". 2013 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies (IAT). pp. 402\u2013409. doi: 10.1109/WI-IAT.2013.57. ISBN  978-0-7695-5145-6.
  69. ^ Yang, X., Li, Y., & Luo, J. (2015). Pinterest board recommendation for twitter users. In Proceedings of the 23rd ACM international conference on Multimedia (pp. 963-966). ACM.
  70. ^ Lewoniewski, W\u0142odzimierz; Härting, Ralf-Christian; W\u0119cel, Krzysztof; Reichstein, Christopher; Abramowicz, Witold (2018-08-29). Application of SEO Metrics to Determine the Quality of Wikipedia Articles and Their Sources. Communications in Computer and Information Science. 920. pp. 139\u2013152. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99972-2_11. ISBN  978-3-319-99972-2. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  71. ^ Thomas, Owen. "In A Key Shift, Pinterest Is Leaving Palo Alto And Moving To San Francisco". Business Insider.
  72. ^ Kincaid, Jason. "Confirmed: Pinterest Raises $27 Million Round Led By Andreessen Horowitz". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  73. ^ Laurie Segal (6 April 2012). "Pinterest co-founder steps down". CNN Money. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  74. ^ "Pinterest Raises $100 Million With $1.5 Billion Valuation". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  75. ^ Lauren Indvik (18 May 2012). "Pinterest Raises $100 Million to Fund International Expansion". Retrieved 2012-05-18.
  76. ^ Taylor, Colleen (20 September 2012). "Pinterest Nabs Amazon Vet Jon Jenkins To Be Its New Head Of Engineering". Tech Crunch.
  77. ^ Gerry Shih (23 October 2013). "Pinterest valued at $3.8 billion in hefty financing deal". Reuters.
  78. ^ Douglas MacMillan (2014-01-21). "Pinterest CEO Lays Out Growth Plan, Sees Revenue in 2014 - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  79. ^ Griffith, Erin. "The Unicorn List". Fortune.com. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  80. ^ a b "Pinterest Raises $150 Million at 2015 Share Price". Bloomberg.com. 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  81. ^ Heath, Alex (1 August 2017). "Pinterest wants to be a search company, so it's putting search front and center". Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  82. ^ "Pinterest Acquires Mobile Startup Livestar". AllThingsD. March 20, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  83. ^ "Pinterest Acquires Coding Challenge Site Hackermeter Right Out Of The Gate, Will Shut It Down". TechCrunch. October 11, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  84. ^ Sarah Perez (3 April 2015). "Pinterest Acquires Team From Hike Labs, Including Google Reader, Blogger Veteran Jason Shellen". TechCrunch.
  85. ^ "Pinterest buys deep-linking startup URX". May 3, 2016.
  86. ^ Matthew Lynley (23 August 2016). "Pinterest acquires Instapaper, which will live on as a separate app". TechCrunch. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  87. ^ Brown, Eliot (March 8, 2017). "Pinterest Acquires Twitter Co-Founder's Startup Jelly". Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  88. ^ "Flickr implements 'nopin' code to block Pinterest from private photos (update)". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  89. ^ Joann Pan (24 February 2012). "Flickr vs. Pinterest: Flickr Users Can Now Implement Pinterest Opt-Out". Mashable. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  90. ^ "Pinterest: We're Not Going To Be Sued Into Oblivion, And Here's Why". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  91. ^ Rao, Leena. "Flickr Adds Pinterest Buttons To Photo Sharing; All Images Will Be Pinned With Attributions". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  92. ^ a b Therese Poletti (14 March 2012). "Is Pinterest the Next Napster?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  93. ^ Hayley Tsukayama (15 March 2012). "Pinterest addresses copyright concerns". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  94. ^ a b Kalliopi Monoyios (19 March 2012). "Pinterest's Terms of Service, Word by Terrifying Word". Scientific American. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  95. ^ Glendon Mellow (16 March 2012). "The Promise and Perils of Pinterest". Scientific American. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  96. ^ Sara Yin (14 March 2012). "Pinterest Scams: Free Starbucks, Red Velvet Cake Photos, and More". PC Magazine. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  97. ^ Gebhart, Gennie (June 12, 2019). "Who Has Your Back? Censorship Edition 2019". Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  98. ^ "Pinterest has been blocked in China". CNN Money. March 17, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  99. ^ "Pinterest\u98ce\u6f6e\u5e2d\u5377\u4e2d\u56fd\u4e92\u8054\u7f51 \u7c7b\u4f3c\u7f51\u7ad9\u8d8530\u5bb6". Sina. July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  100. ^ Vikas SN; Aritra Sarkhel (April 18, 2017). "Why Pinterest is blocked by ACT Fibernet - ETtech". ETtech.com. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  101. ^ "Pinterest got blocked by Madras HC but no one has a clue why". Thenewsminute. April 19, 2017.
  102. ^ Taylor, Colleen (17 October 2012). "Pinterest Adds Ability To Block And Report Other Users To Keep Site 'Positive And Respectful'". TechCrunch.
  103. ^ a b c d McMillan, Robert; Hernandez, Daniela (20 February 2019). "Pinterest Blocks Vaccination Searches in Move to Control the Conversation". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  104. ^ Sacks, Brianna (2019-06-11). "Pinterest Has Banned The Influential Anti-Abortion Group Live Action After First Classifying It As Porn". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  105. ^ Michael Brice-Saddler. "Wedding vendors romanticize slave plantations. The Knot and Pinterest will no longer promote them". Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-12-05.

External links

Media related to Pinterest at Wikimedia Commons