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Location of Picayune, Mississippi
Latitude and Longitude:
|• Total||18.11 sq mi (46.91 km2)|
|• Land||18.04 sq mi (46.72 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)|
|Elevation||73 ft (22 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||575.56/sq mi (222.23/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 ( Central (CST))|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0675698|
|Website||Picayune official website|
Picayune ( // pik-ə-YOON) is the largest city in Pearl River County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 10,878 at the 2010 census. Picayune was added to the New Orleans metropolitan area in 2014. The city is located approximately 45 miles (72 km) from New Orleans, Hattiesburg and Gulfport-Biloxi. The Stennis Space Center is 10 miles (16 km) away.
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Picayune was incorporated in 1904, purportedly named by Eliza Jane Poitevent Nicholson in 1884, the owner and publisher of the New Orleans Daily Picayune, a newspaper named for the Spanish coin. The post office contains a mural, Lumber Regions of Mississippi, painted by Donald H. Robertson in 1940. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. 
While Picayune received extensive damage from Hurricane Katrina, it was not as severe as in other nearby cities. This has caused it to become the permanent home for many who relocated from the New Orleans area and from the Mississippi Gulf Coast – who were seeking a safer home site with easy commuting to those areas.
The bulk of the Katrina damage in Picayune was caused by high winds, as the eye wall passed over the city. This resulted in widespread roof, window, and fence damage. The wind also caused hundreds, if not thousands, of downed trees – and power outages of up to a few weeks.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.8 square miles (31 km2), of which 11.8 square miles (31 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (7.34%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census  of 2000, there were 10,535 people, 4,100 households, and 2,865 families residing in the city. The population density was 895.6 people per square mile (345.9/km²). There were 4,568 housing units at an average density of 388.3 per square mile (150.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.02% White, 35.92% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.
There were 4,100 households out of which 31.8% had a children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $26,958, and the median income for a family was $33,260. Males had a median income of $31,438 versus $20,035 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,798. About 18.9% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over.
- The City of Picayune is served by the Picayune School District.
- Picayune Junior High School serves as the middle school for grades 7 and 8.  Picayune Memorial High School is the local high school. The school's mascot is the Maroon Tide.
- The Center of Alternate Education is also located in Picayune.
- Nicholson Elementary
- Roseland Park Elementary
- South Side Elementary
- West Side Elementary
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Picayune's local newspaper is the Picayune Item.
The local radio station is WRJW 1320-AM.
Television and Radio stations of New Orleans and Biloxi/Gulfport listening areas are part of Picayune area.
The United States Postal Service operates the Picayune Post Office. There is a mural made by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) but subsequent renovations covered up the mural with new paint. 
Amtrak's Crescent train connects Picayune with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham, and New Orleans. The Amtrak station is situated at 100 South U.S. Route 11. There is daily service in each direction.
U.S. 11 is the main highway through Picayune. Interstate 59 (via Interstate 10) connects Picayune with New Orleans, LA, to the south and Hattiesburg, MS, Meridian, MS, and Birmingham, AL, to the north.
Picayune Municipal Airport has a 5,000 ft (1,500 m) runway and is a popular destination for private fixed-wing and rotary aircraft visiting the New Orleans area. Rental car, taxi and limousine services are available.
The Margaret Reed Crosby Memorial Library serves Picayune and is the headquarters of the Pearl River County Library System.
- Jonathan Bender, professional basketball player
- T. J. House, professional baseball player
- Rhyne Hughes, professional baseball player
- Michael Holloway Perronne, writer
- Matt Riser, College Baseball Coach
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Picayune, Mississippi.|
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 6, 2019.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Message missing (possible session timeout)". Edline.net. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
- Wright, Jesse (2016-01-01). "Historic post office mural lies hidden under paint". Picayune Item. Retrieved 2018-08-16.