Parris Island, South Carolina
Parris Island, South Carolina
1882 U.S. Coast Survey Map of Beaufort River, showing the island (at left) designated "Paris I."
Location of Parris Island, South Carolina
Latitude and Longitude:
|• Total||19.6 sq mi (51 km2)|
|• Land||12.2 sq mi (32 km2)|
|• Water||7.4 sq mi (19 km2)|
|• Density||250/sq mi (95/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 ( Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||843, 854|
|FIPS code||45-54850 |
Parris Island is a former census-designated place (CDP) in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States, and formerly also spelled Paris Island. The population was 4,841 at the 2000 census. As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, Parris Island is included within the Beaufort Urban Cluster and the larger Hilton Head Island– Beaufort Micropolitan Statistical Area. The area was annexed by the town of Port Royal on October 11, 2002. 
Parris Island was first colonized by Europeans in 1562, when members of a French expedition led by Jean Ribaut temporarily settled on the island. This was the first semi-permanent European settlement in what are now considered the United States. Four years later, a town named Santa Elena was founded here by Spanish Conquistador Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. It was the capital of La Florida from 1566 to 1587, during which time Spanish explorers sailed from Santa Elena to explore the Tennessee Valley and Chesapeake Bay. An expedition also traveled overland into the interior to western North Carolina and points west.
After coming under English control, the island was granted to Robert Daniell in 1706 and became known as Port Royal Island. It later came into the hands of Colonel Alexander Parris, sometimes spelled "Paris", Public Treasurer of South Carolina. After his death in 1736, it gradually became known as Parris Island (and the name Port Royal Island was applied to a different one to the north).    In the early years of the Marine Corps presence it was referred to as Paris Island. 
Parris Island was captured by the Union Army in 1861 during the American Civil War. It became a coaling station during the war. After the war, through the efforts of African-American Congressman Robert Smalls, it continued as a coaling station for the United States Navy and became known as the Port Royal Naval Station. The island was purchased outright in 1883. In the early 1890s, a dry dock was constructed at the naval station. The dry dock was completed in 1895.
In 1915, Parris Island became the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, which it has remained ever since.
The Charlesfort-Santa Elena Site and Parris Island Drydock and Commanding Generals House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 
Parris Island is located at (32.328944, -80.694619).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 19.6 square miles (51 km2), of which 12.2 square miles (32 km2) of it is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) of it (37.96%) is water.
The land was previously owned by Zachariah McGill,[ citation needed] a wealthy South Carolinian landowner of mixed White/Indian ancestry through the early-to-mid-19th century. Many questions and an unresolved legal battle still linger regarding the sale of Parris Island to the U.S. military in 1883 under questionable circumstances.[ citation needed]
As of the census  of 2000, there were 4,841 people, 318 households, and 297 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 398.0 people per square mile (153.7/km2). There were 358 housing units at an average density of 29.4/sq mi (11.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 69.14% White, 17.35% African American, 0.83% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 7.13% from other races, and 3.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.16% of the population.
There were 318 households, out of which 72.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 87.7% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.3% were non-families. 4.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 10.6% under the age of 18, 72.4% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, and 1.2% from 45 to 64. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females, there were 303.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 339.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,335, and the median income for a family was $45,750. Males had a median income of $17,428 versus $16,359 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,216. About 7.6% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Billy Joel referenced Parris Island in his song "Goodnight Saigon" about the Vietnam War.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Population Estimates Boundary Changes , United States Census Bureau, 2007-07-01. Accessed 2008-11-06.
- Alexander Samuel Salley (1919). Parris Island, the Site of the First Attempt at a Settlement of White People Within the Bounds of what is Now South Carolina. The Commission. pp. 8–11.
- Tryals for High-treason, and Other Crimes: Vol VIII. London: Thomas Wotton. 1731. p. 337. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- McCord, David J, ed. (1840). The Statutes at Large of South Carolina: Vol 7. Columbia SC. p. 26. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- The Navy Register. Washington DC: Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1 January 1919. pp. 817, 853. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Parris Island, South Carolina.|
- Parris Island Museum (official website of museum)