National Premier Soccer League
This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2017) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Divisions||14 conferences in 4 regions|
|Number of teams||96|
|Level on pyramid||4 (unofficial)|
|Domestic cup(s)||U.S. Open Cup|
|Current champions||Miami FC (2nd title)|
|Most championships||Miami FC (2 titles)|
|2020 NPSL season|
The National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) is an American soccer league commonly recognized as being a fourth-tier league, although it has been given no official designation by U.S. Soccer.   The NPSL is a semi-professional league, comprising some teams that have paid players and some that are entirely amateur.  Although the league is officially affiliated to the United States Adult Soccer Association (USASA) and qualifies for the U.S. Open Cup through USASA channels, it is generally considered to be the level of competition behind Major League Soccer (MLS) (Division I), the USL Championship (Division II), National Independent Soccer Association and USL League One (Division III), and roughly equal with USL League Two (unofficial Division IV).  It is the successor of the Men's Premier Soccer League, a regional league originally based in the Western United States, which has now expanded nationwide to encompass teams from 29 states. The league's motto is "A National League with a Regional Focus".
The National Premier Soccer League's is divided into four separate regions (Northeast, South, Midwest, and West). Each region is divided into conferences with a varying number of teams per conference. The regular season runs from May to July with the exception of the West Region that has historically started in late March or early April. 
The National Premier Soccer League began in 2003 as the Men's Premier Soccer League (MPSL) initially as an offshoot of the Women's Premier Soccer League, and marked the first instance of a women's soccer league spawning a men's league. The league's first two champions were the Arizona Sahuaros, who had defected to the MPSL from the USL D-3 Pro League, and the Utah Salt Ratz.
The league expanded into the Midwest in 2005 with the addition of several new teams and a new conference, and changed its name to National Premier Soccer League to reflect its new national footprint; a team from the expansion conference – Detroit Arsenal – won the league in its first year after its eastward expansion. The NPSL expanded further in 2007 with the addition of a new Northeast Conference and five new teams from the eastern United States. The first team from the East to win the national NPSL title was the Pennsylvania Stoners in 2008. The league has since continued to expand, adding more teams throughout the entirety of the country.
Since its inception, the league has managed to place at least one team actively playing under its banner into U.S. Open Cup competition. Though the showing of the NPSL in US Open Cup play was typically only one or two teams in its first six years, the 2009 and 2010 cups have seen four and three, respectively, NPSL teams in each tournament. The recent success of the NPSL in USASA qualifying has encouraged a movement by which the league could have automatic berths in the final tournament.  The furthest a team from the NPSL has reached in the US Open Cup during the professional era (1997 and onward after the entry of MLS teams) has been the third round. However, the Brooklyn Italians have won the US Open Cup outright before the existence of either MLS or the NPSL.
Although no team has ever won the league twice, the Miami FC camp has won the championship twice as a club. Its reserve team (Miami FC 2) won the 2018 title, and its first team (Miami FC) won the 2019 championship.
Officially the USSF does not recognize formal levels of the soccer pyramid below the professional 3rd tier. The USSF does not officially recognize distinctions between amateur soccer leagues in the United States. However, the USASA sanctions affiliated, but separately run, national leagues that are recognized in practical terms as playing at a higher level than the USASA state association leagues; for example, they receive automatic berths to the US Open Cup.
USL League Two takes place during the summer months, and the player pool is drawn mainly from NCAA college soccer players seeking to continue playing high-level soccer during their summer break, while still maintaining their college eligibility. The National Premier Soccer League is similar to USL League Two and also attracts top amateur talent from around the United States. NPSL does not have any age limits or restrictions, thus incorporating both college players and former professional players alike.
The NPSL is organized in a mostly decentralized structure and is managed as a team-run league. Each year the member clubs help elect a chairman, treasurer, and secretary and an eight-member board of directors. Each team is individually owned and operated, and is responsible for maintaining league minimum standards. New teams seeking membership into the NPSL are subject to approval from an executive committee of existing team owners. Member clubs have the right to make localized decisions for their respective markets, conferences, and regions based on what they believe is best for their particular region. Each conference is managed by the individual member clubs and elects a conference commission each year.
The current chairman is Joe Barone of the Brooklyn Italians who was elected in late 2013 after previously serving as treasurer. Michael Hitchcock of Playbook Management Inc. was hired as commissioner of the NPSL in 2013. With Hitchcock leading the league, plans to expand the reach of the league and discussion of introducing promotion and relegation in the future were made public. Near the conclusion of the 2014 season, the NPSL terminated the contract of Hitchcock and PMI.
The costs to join the league as of 2016 are reported to be a one-time $15,000 franchise fee and a $5,250 annual league fee.  The low entry fee compared to USL League Two's of $75,000 has made the league an attractive alternative to teams looking to compete at the highest level of amateur play.
The league requires that all teams play in stadiums with at least 500 seats, a scoreboard, and locker rooms with showers for both teams and officials. The home team is also responsible for providing water and food for the visiting team, ensuring there is a trainer or doctor on-site for the match, and paying the referees fees at the end of each game.
Mitre Sports International provided the official ball for the NPSL starting in 2014, the sponsorship agreement lasted through the 2016 season. The league also announced several partnerships for the 2014 season, Global Scarves, Wecando, and Pabian Law. Global Scarves and the NPSL planned strategically partnering to not only outfit every NPSL team with soccer scarves branded to the specific team, but planned on working together to increase and elevate the status of both entities to a higher level. Global Scarves began providing custom soccer scarves throughout the league, and worked with the NPSL on various events and contests to increase awareness and fervor throughout the 2014 NPSL season. Wecando Print is a full-service branding company that specializes in printing, promotional products, embroidery, screen printing, banners, fulfillment services, and company stores. Pabian Law specific in law and immigration services and has experience with signing international soccer players.
Many NPSL teams have rivalries given the close geography of the teams throughout the league. The most notable rivalry was the Rust Belt Derby contested between Detroit City FC, AFC Cleveland, and FC Buffalo. The name refers to the teams' shared region, the Rust Belt.  Another intense rivalry existed between the San Diego Flash and San Diego Boca/Force FC, which were crosstown rivals in San Diego. Until the 2013 sale and rebranding of Force FC from Boca FC, the ownership groups of the two clubs were previously partners in the original San Diego Flash club of the A-League that competed from 1998 to 2001. 
- Two game series ended 5–5, with both away teams winning 3–2
- Game ended 1–1 with no away goal tiebreaker in place
- Dallas City went on hiatus for the 2018 season, meaning no competition for the cup was held
- Event returned in 2020, but only with Tulas Athletic and UPSL side Deportivo Alacranes taking part 
- San Diego Boca folded after the 2013 season. The Flash did not take part in the 2016 season, meaning the derby was contested by the two new San Diego teams, Albion SC Pros and North County Battalion.
- Series ended tied 3–3 after two games
- 2012 series ended in tie, home team won respected leg 3–1
- Derby not played in 2013 as Atlanta went on hiatus
The NPSL Members Cup, originally called the NPSL Founders Cup, was a competition that ran from August to October 2019. It was initially intended to lead to a new professional league beginning play in the spring of 2020.  However, following the departure of numerous previously announced teams and issues in launching the professional league the tournament was altered.
This section does not cite any sources. (April 2017) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|2003||Arizona Sahuaros||2–1 ( a.e.t.)||Utah Salt Ratz|
|2004||Utah Salt Ratz||4–2||Arizona Sahuaros|
|2005||Detroit Arsenal||1–0||Sonoma County Sol|
|2006||Sacramento Knights||2–1||Princeton 56ers|
|2007||Southern California Fusion||1–0||Queen City FC|
|2008||Pennsylvania Stoners||3–0||Minnesota Twin Stars|
|2009||Sonoma County Sol||2–1||Erie Admirals SC|
|2010||Sacramento Gold||3–1||Chattanooga FC|
|2011||Jacksonville United||3–2||Hollywood United Hitmen|
|2012||FC Sonic||1–0||Chattanooga FC|
|2013||RVA Football Club||2–0||Sonoma County Sol|
|2014||New York Red Bulls U-23||3–1||Chattanooga FC|
|2015||New York Cosmos B||3–2 ( a.e.t.)||Chattanooga FC|
|2016||AFC Cleveland||4–2||Sonoma County Sol|
|2017||Elm City Express||5–0||Midland-Odessa FC|
|2018||Miami FC 2||3–1||FC Motown|
|2019||Miami FC||3–1||New York Cosmos B|
- Joe Barone – Brooklyn Italians – chairman (2013–current)
- Cindy Spera – chairman of soccer programs for New York Athletic Club – managing director (2018–current) formerly treasurer (2013–2016) and director of operations (2016–2018) 
- Barry Dixon – founder, Jacksonville United – secretary (2013–present)
Current regional board members
- Kenny Farrell – New Orleans Jesters
- Sean McDaniel – Chattanooga FC
- Terry Lawriw – AFC Cleveland
- Cristian Brei – Madison 56ers
- William Forte – East Bay FC Stompers
- Kabba Joof – Rhode Island Reds FC
- Cindy Spera – managing director
- Gary Moody – media relations
- Paul Scott – director of officials
- Dina Case – director of membership development 
- Kabba Joof – head coach, Rhode Island Reds FC – Northeast Region – North Atlantic Conference (2013–present)
- Cristian Brei – Madison 56ers – Midwest Region – Central Conference (2013–present)
- William Forte – East Bay FC Stompers – West Region – Golden Gate Conference (2013–present)
In April 2020, the NPSL launched a competitive gaming competition to promote the growth of the league in new areas . The league hopes to "bring its community members together for friendly competition on a virtual pitch". The first eight clubs to formally join the new eSports league were Atlantic City FC, Central Florida Panthers SC, Denton Diablos FC, Duluth FC, Fort Worth Vaqueros, Milwaukee Torrent, Muskegon Risers, and Ozark FC.
The league partnered with Virtual Pro Gaming to assist in operations of the league. Clubs will play full 11 v 11 in pro clubs mode, on FIFA, EA Sports video game.
Clubs in the league also participate in the Lower League eCup, a competition geared towards players, supporters, and competitive gamers, however, is not a year-round competitive eSports league.  Unlike the eNPSL, entry is not exclusive to clubs in the NPSL. Many NPSL clubs also offer periodic eSports competitions.
- "The Unruly Soccer Pyramids of America by Mike Firpo". SoccerNewsday.com. February 10, 2012. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Crowley, Dennis (October 4, 2016). "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Operating a Division 4 Soccer Club (But Were Afraid to Ask)". StockadeFC. Medium.com. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- "National Premier Soccer League". Nationalpremiersoccerleague.com. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "New League Structure Announced at AGM". Rocket City United. February 3, 2011. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012.
- "How to start a franchise in the NPSL". PennLive.com. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- "Greater Lowell Rough Diamonds – Training and Character, Est. 2016".
- "Greater Lowell NPSL FC Launches Rebranding Initiative". NPSL. December 15, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- "FC Baltimore Announces CCBC Essex as Stadium for 2018 Home Games – FC Baltimore 1729 – Member of National Premier Soccer League". February 4, 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "LSA ATHLETICO LANIER JOINS THE NPSL FOR THE 2020 SEASON". February 14, 2020.
- "Metro Louisville FC Joins the NPSL for the 2020 Season". National Premier Soccer League. March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "Nashville United Joins the NPSL for the 2020 Season". National Premier Soccer League. March 19, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- "North Alabama SC Joins the NPSL for the 2020 Season". October 29, 2019.
- "SOUTHERN STATES SC JOINS THE NPSL FOR THE 2021 SEASON". NPSL. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "Ozark FC Joins the NPSL". NPSL. January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "tulsaathletic". Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- Tsujimoto, Ben (February 13, 2017). "FC Buffalo hires new manager, two assistants". Retrieved February 16, 2017.
- "Syracuse FC Joins the NPSL". NPSL. February 8, 2017. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- "Toledo Villa FC Joins the NPSL". NPSL. January 30, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- "Academica Soccer Club Joins The NPSL". NPSL. November 14, 2017. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- "El Farolito Joins The NPSL". NPSL. November 20, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Football Club Davis Joins The NPSL". NPSL. November 13, 2017. Archived from the original on November 14, 2017. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- "Napa Valley 1839 FC Brand Unveiled". NPSL. January 18, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "Oakland Roots Launch NPSL Team Project 51O". December 9, 2019.
- "CROSSFIRE REDMOND JOINS THE NPSL". NPSL. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- "PDX FC Joins the NPSL". NSPL. February 13, 2017. Archived from the original on February 14, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
- "Spokane Soccer Club Shadow Joins the NPSL". NPSL. January 19, 2017. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "Los Angeles United Football Club Joins the NPSL". NPSL. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- https://twitter.com/ASLosAngelesFC[ non-primary source needed]
- "HIGH DESERT ELITE FC JOINS THE NPSL". NPSL. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- "BREAKING: Legends Announce UNLV as Home Field". Las Vegas Legends. December 16, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- Casey, Daniel. "The Rust Belt Derby". Soccer News Day. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "NPSL Soccer Weekend Recap, SD Flash Wins SD Derby, FC Hasental, OC Pateadores, Sacramento Gold and Real San Jose Gets Wins too". Soccer Nation. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Burden, Brian. "Being as Cleveland as Possible". Protagonist Soccer. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Vaqueros defeat Denton on Saturday Chisholm Trail Clasico/belt to Fort Worth". Northeast Times. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Tsujimoto, Ben (May 25, 2018). "FC Buffalo-Erie rivalry tilt earns NPSL Match of the Week recognition". The Buffalo News. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Ralph, Matthew (May 11, 2017). "Inaugural Kildare's Cup Will Be Awarded to Winner of Route 3 Derby". Brotherly Game. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "NPSL Update: Shadow surprise OSA FC in Spokane; FCM wins Portland derby debut". goalWA.net. June 29, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Temecula FC Are The Riverside Derby Winners with 2–1 win at Coras". Temecula FC NPSL. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Lindstrom, Kevin (June 8, 2019). "The Trinity River Cup begins tonight as the Fort Worth Vaqueros host Dallas City FC". Dallas News. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Rivalry Week in the NPSL Golden Gate Conference". Midfield Press. April 20, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
- "The Wooden Shoe". Dutch Guard SG. April 22, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- "Cape Coral and Miami Meet in Everglades Cup". International Soccer Network. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Cape Coral Hurricanes 2014 Results". March 4, 2015. Archived from the original on March 4, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Lohman, Rich. "Athletics take Red River Cup". Tulsa Today. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Red River Cup Returns!". Tulsa Athletic. November 10, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
- "A RIVALRY OF TWO RIVERS: NEW ORLEANS AND SHREVEPORT ANNOUNCE THE LOUISIANA CUP". National Premier Soccer League. April 8, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Scavuzzo, Diane (April 22, 2016). "SAN DIEGO'S NPSL RIVALRY • SoccerToday". SoccerToday. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Little Rock Rangers capture I-40 Cup". KLRT - FOX16.com. April 25, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- Thomas Hodul. "Alameda County Derby: NPSL's Newest Intra-County Rivalry". Midfield Press. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- Baker, David (May 15, 2017). "And They're Off: NPSL North Matchweek One Recap". FiftyFive.One. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- O'Connell, Brian (May 21, 2017). "NPSL: I-91 Derby Ends in 1–1 Draw". New England Soccer Today. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Georgia Revolution FC Defeats Atlanta SC 1–0". National Premier Soccer League. June 28, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
- "NPSL Founders Cup Relaunched as NPSL Members Cup". National Premier Soccer League. July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
- Gatzke, Mitch (October 19, 2019). "Detroit City cap off season as NPSL Members Cup champions". Detroit City FC. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- White, Max (October 17, 2019). "Detroit City FC wins inaugural NPSL Members Cup". WXYZ. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- "Cindy Spera Named Managing Director of the NPSL". National Premier Soccer League. April 14, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- "Los Angeles United Football Club Joins the NPSL". National Premier Soccer League. July 10, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- "VPG eNPSL Announced". National Premier Soccer League. April 22, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
- "Stats - Lower League eCup". lowerleagueecup.soccershift.com. Retrieved April 25, 2020.