Martha McSally

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Martha McSally
Sen. Martha McSally official Senate headshot 116th congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Arizona
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Serving with Kyrsten Sinema
Appointed by Doug Ducey
Preceded by Jon Kyl
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2019
Preceded by Ron Barber
Succeeded by Ann Kirkpatrick
Personal details
Born
Martha Elizabeth McSally

(1966-03-22) March 22, 1966 (age 54)
Warwick, Rhode Island, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Donald Henry
( m. 1997; annulled 1999)
Education United States Air Force Academy ( BS)
Harvard University ( MPP)
Website Senate website
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Air Force
Years of service1988–2010
Rank Colonel
Commands 354th Fighter Squadron
Battles/wars Operation Southern Watch
Operation Allied Force
Operation Enduring Freedom

Martha Elizabeth McSally (born March 22, 1966) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Arizona since 2019. A Republican, she served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district from 2015 to 2019. McSally served in the United States Air Force from 1988 to 2010, achieving the rank of Colonel. She was the first U.S. woman to fly in combat and the first to command a fighter squadron.

In 2001 McSally successfully sued the United States Department of Defense in McSally v. Rumsfeld, challenging the military policy that required U.S. and U.K. servicewomen stationed in Saudi Arabia to wear the body-covering abaya when traveling off base in the country. [1]

Following an unsuccessful bid in 2012, McSally was elected to the House of Representatives in 2014. She served two terms as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district. McSally was the Republican nominee in Arizona's 2018 U.S. Senate election and lost 50–48% to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema. Following that election, interim U.S. Senator Jon Kyl resigned from the state's other Senate seat, and Republican Governor Doug Ducey appointed McSally to succeed Kyl.

There will be a special election coinciding with the 2020 general elections to determine whether McSally will serve the remainder of the Class 3 Senate term. [2] [3]

Early life and education

McSally was born in 1966 [4] in Warwick, Rhode Island, the youngest of five children. When McSally was 12, her father, Bernard, a lawyer, died of a heart attack. [5] Her mother, Eleanor, worked as a reading specialist to support the family. [5]

McSally was the valedictorian at St. Mary Academy – Bay View in 1984. [5] During an interview with The Wall Street Journal in April 2018, McSally alleged her track and field coach pressured her into a sexual relationship during her senior year at the Catholic girls' school. She said that the coach used "emotional manipulation" to keep her compliant. She did not reveal the incident to friends or family until ten years after her graduation. [6] [7]

She earned an appointment to the United States Air Force Academy, graduating in 1988 with a B.S. in Biology. [8] [5] She then earned a master's degree in public policy from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and proceeded to pilot training. [9]

Military career

McSally with an A-10 Thunderbolt II

McSally earned her USAF pilot's wings in 1991 after completing Undergraduate Pilot Training at Williams Air Force Base east of Phoenix. Following graduation, she was assigned to Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas, as a First Assignment Instructor Pilot in the T-37 trainer. McSally went on to Lead-in Fighter Training in 1993. [10]

McSally then completed Replacement Training Unit for the A-10 Thunderbolt II at Davis–Monthan Air Force Base and was assigned to an operational A-10 squadron that deployed to Kuwait in January 1995. [10] [11] During this deployment, she flew combat patrol over Iraq in support of Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the no-fly zone over southern Iraq and becoming "the first female U.S. fighter pilot to fly in combat and the first woman to command a fighter squadron." [10] [12]

In 1999, McSally deployed to Europe in support of Operation Allied Force. She was selected as one of seven active duty Air Force officers for the Legislative Fellowship Program. She lived in Washington, D.C. working as a national security advisor to Senator Jon Kyl (R-AZ). [13]

McSally took command of the 354th Fighter Squadron at Davis–Monthan Air Force Base in July 2004. She was subsequently deployed to Afghanistan under Operation Enduring Freedom. In 2006, McSally's squadron won the David C. Shilling Award, given by the Air Force Association "for the most outstanding contribution in the field of flight". [13]

Lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Defense (McSally v. Rumsfeld)

McSally was represented by the Rutherford Institute in a successful 2001 lawsuit against the Department of Defense, challenging the military policy that required U.S. and U.K. servicewomen stationed in Saudi Arabia to wear the body-covering abaya when traveling off base in the country. [14] [15] At the time of the lawsuit McSally, as a major (O-4), was the highest ranking female fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force. Her suit alleged "the regulations required her to send the message that she believes women are subservient to men." [16]

In a "60 Minutes" interview broadcast on CBS on January 20, 2002, she described the discrimination she experienced under the policy:

"I have to sit in the back and at all times I must be escorted by a male ... [who], when questioned, is supposed to claim me as his wife," she said. "I can fly a single-seat aircraft in enemy territory, but [in Saudi Arabia] I can't drive a vehicle. [16]

General Tommy Franks, then commander of the United States Central Command, announced in 2002 that U.S. military servicewomen would no longer be required to wear the abaya, although they would be "encouraged" to do so as a show of respect for local customs. Commenting on the change, Central Command spokesman Colonel Rick Thomas said it was not made because of McSally's lawsuit but had already been "under review" before the lawsuit was filed. McSally had been working to change the policy for several years and had filed the lawsuit after she had been threatened with a court martial if she did not comply. [17] [18]

In 2002, Congress passed legislation prohibiting anyone in the military from "requiring or encouraging servicewomen to put on abayas in Saudi Arabia or to use taxpayers' money to buy them." [19] [20] Following her USAF career, McSally has continued to speak out about gender relations in Saudi Arabia. [21] [22]

Retirement

After retiring from the U.S. Air Force on May 6, 2010, she worked as a professor at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. [23] [24]

U.S. House of Representatives

2012 elections

Candidate Martha McSally with Governor Jan Brewer at the Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry's 2014 Legislative Forecast Luncheon in Phoenix

On February 9, 2012, McSally announced her candidacy for the special election for Arizona's 8th congressional district vacancy created by the resignation of Gabrielle Giffords. She was an unsuccessful candidate in the Republican primary for the special election, finishing second to Jesse Kelly. [25]

McSally then ran for and won the Republican nomination in the regular election for the district, which had been renumbered the 2nd district. She faced incumbent Democrat Ron Barber and Libertarian nominee Anthony Powell in the November 2012 election. [26] She was endorsed by the National Federation of Independent Businesses, the United States Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Wholesalers, and Associated Builders and Contractors. [27]

The race was one of the closest in the nation. McSally led on election night by a few hundred votes, but the race was deemed too close to call due to a large number of provisional ballots. Barber eventually overtook McSally as more ballots were counted. By November 16, most of the outstanding ballots were in heavily Democratic precincts near Tucson. The Arizona Republic determined that McSally would not be able to pick up enough votes to overcome Barber's lead. [28] By November 17, Barber's lead had grown to 1,400 votes. That day, the Associated Press determined that there were not enough ballots outstanding for McSally to regain the lead and called the race for Barber. [29] She conceded the race later that morning. [28]

2014 election

McSally declared her intention of running again for the 2nd district seat in 2014. She won the June 3 primary against two opponents, taking nearly 70% of the vote. [30] In the November 4 general election, the race was too close to call by the end of election night and eventually became the final federal election of the 2014 cycle to be decided. With 100% of the votes counted, McSally had a 161-vote lead and declared victory on November 12, 2014, but because the margin of victory was less than 1%, an automatic recount was called on December 1. [31] On December 17, the official recount declared McSally the winner by 167 votes. [32] She is only the second Republican ever to represent a southern Arizona-based district in the U.S. House of Representatives; the first was Jim Kolbe, who represented what is now the 2nd district, from 1985 to 2007. McSally is also the first female Republican representative from Arizona. [33]

2016 election

McSally ran for reelection in 2016, and was unopposed in the Republican primary. [34] She defeated Democratic opponent Matt Heinz by a margin of 57 to 43 percent in the general election. [35]

Tenure

McSally's portrait during the 115th Congress

After she was first elected to the U.S. House, McSally hired C.J. Karamargin, who was formerly the communications director for Democratic U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords, as her district director. [36]

In her freshman term in Congress, McSally had seven bills approved by the U.S. House. [37] Among all members of the U.S. House, McSally was tied for third as of 2016 in the number of bills she had authored that have made it through the House. Her bills were generally "narrowly drawn proposals to improve homeland security or to help veterans." [34]

During her first years in Congress, McSally had a reputation as a political moderate. [38] According to The Arizona Republic, McSally was "one of the most prolific fundraisers among House members not holding a leadership role, while cultivating a reputation as a conscientious and moderate lawmaker." [39]

U.S. Senate

2018 election

On January 12, 2018, McSally announced her candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retirement of U.S. Senator Jeff Flake. McSally announced her campaign in Tucson, then flew to Phoenix and Prescott for subsequent campaign announcement rallies. [40] [41] An online video announcing McSally's campaign featured her telling Washington, D.C. Republicans "to grow a pair of ovaries." The announcement represented a "sharp right turn" from McSally's centrist reputation. [42] [43]

McSally was expected to run as the establishment candidate in the Republican primary, where her opponents included former State Senator Kelli Ward and former Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. [44] McSally, a strong fundraiser, was the preferred candidate of national Republicans and Arizona Governor Doug Ducey. McSally's history of criticizing President Donald Trump drew rebuke from conservative groups including the Club for Growth, the Senate Conservatives Fund, and FreedomWorks. [45] McSally had previously distanced herself from Trump, choosing not to endorse him in 2016 and calling his comments about sexual assault "disgusting" and "unacceptable." [46] But in the lead-up to announcing her candidacy for Senate, McSally began to embrace Trump, running ads echoing his conservative immigration policy positions. [47] Politico wrote: "Martha McSally wants to make one thing clear before she launches an Arizona Senate campaign: She's a big fan of President Donald Trump." [48]

McSally speaking at a rally hosted by President Donald Trump in October 2018.

In an August 2018 candidate forum hosted by the Arizona Republic in advance of the Republican U.S. Senate primary, McSally and opponent Kelli Ward both said they were unconcerned with Trump's personal character, viewing it as a nonissue in the race. [49] McSally criticized what she said was the media's and Democrats' "obsession" with Trump's character. [49]

McSally won the August 28 Republican primary with 53 percent of the vote and faced Democratic nominee Kyrsten Sinema in the November general election. [50] The general election remained undecided for several days after election night until all ballots were counted in the close contest. [51] McSally held a lead by the end of election night, but it narrowed over the next few days as more ballots were counted. [51] During this time, both McSally and Sinema voiced support for counting all the ballots. [51] There was no evidence of any fraud. [52] On November 12, McSally conceded to Sinema, congratulating her on becoming Arizona's first female Senator. [53] [54]

Appointment

After longtime U.S. senator John McCain died and his appointed successor, Senator Jon Kyl, resigned, Arizona's other Senate seat was to become vacant at the beginning of 2019. On December 18, 2018, Governor Doug Ducey announced that he was appointing McSally to the seat. [55] Ducey stated that McSally would be the junior senator, to "respect the will of the voters," and that Sinema would be sworn in before McSally. [56] [57]

McSally's appointment proved controversial. [58] McCain's daughter Meghan criticized the appointment, claiming that McSally “didn’t earn” her seat, and the conservative Washington Times called the appointment "anti-democratic." [59] A lawsuit was filed on behalf of Arizona voters claiming the appointment violated the 17th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. [60] The suit was eventually dismissed and the appointment allowed to stand. [61]

McSally is the second woman to serve as a U.S. senator from Arizona. Sinema is the first, making Arizona one of six states with two women serving as its senators (the others are California, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, and Washington). Only once before have two female senators representing the same state at the same time been of different parties. [62] McSally is the first senator ever appointed to serve alongside someone to whom she initially lost an election, and the first to serve alongside a colleague she lost to in the election immediately preceding the inauguration. [63] McSally and Sinema are the second pair of senators to serve together after having campaigned against each other the year before; the first such instance occurred in 1996–97 in Oregon, when Democrat Ron Wyden defeated Republican Gordon H. Smith in a special election, only for Smith to win the regular election for the state's other Senate seat later that year. [64]

A special election for the seat is scheduled for November 2020 to determine who will serve the last two years of the term. McSally is expected to face astronaut and engineer Mark Kelly. [3] The regular election for the seat's six-year term will be held in 2022.

Tenure

McSally was sworn in as a U.S. senator on January 3, 2019. [65]

On February 5, 2019, McSally voted for the Strengthening America's Security in the Middle East Act of 2019. [66] Seven days later, along with fellow Arizona Senator Kyrsten Sinema, she voted for S.47, a public land package. [67] On February 14, McSally voted to confirm William Barr as Attorney General. [68] On February 28, she voted to confirm Andrew Wheeler as EPA Administrator. [69] In February 2020, she voted to acquit President Donald Trump of articles of impeachment on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. [70]

On January 16, 2020, McSally told CNN correspondent Manu Raju "you're a liberal hack. I'm not talking to you", when he asked her whether she would consider new evidence during Trump's impeachment trial in the Senate. [71] [72] [73] She later affirmed her remarks on Twitter and told Fox News's Laura Ingraham, "I'm a fighter pilot... I called it like it is." [74] McSally's reelection campaign soon began selling the comments on t-shirts. [75] The Eastern Arizona Courier, a local newspaper that endorsed McSally in her 2018 Senate race, called her comments "a profile in cowardice." [76]

Response to COVID-19 pandemic

During the COVID-19 pandemic, McSally praised President Trump for his response to the crisis. [77] On April 2, 2020, she called for the World Health Organization director general to step down. [78] A Democratic super PAC targeted McSally over her coronavirus response and comments she made in early March saying that "calling on people to stay home from work or to skip spring break trips is 'too much of a panicked reaction.'" [79]

In May 2020, McSally said she would not commit to further coronavirus relief funding. She said that Democratic-voting states and cities, such as Chicago and New York, had mismanaged their budgets for decades and that they should not expect to get aid. [80] A spokeswoman for her office later said her comments were not meant to be public. [81]

McSally has argued that because of the pandemic, China should forgive U.S. debts. [78]

Committee assignments

Political positions

When she served in the U.S. House, McSally was a member of the Tuesday Group, a congressional caucus of moderate Republicans. [83] She is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership. [84] [85] [86]

The American Conservative Union gives McSally a lifetime 75% conservative rating; she received a yearly rating of 84% in 2018. [87] [88] The fiscally conservative political action committee Americans for Prosperity gave her a rating of 87% in 2018. [87] Conservative Review gave McSally a 37% conservative score in 2018, and Heritage Action for America gave her a 59% conservative rating. [89] Conversely, the American Civil Liberties Union gave McSally a rating of 23% in 2016, and the Americans for Democratic Action gave her a 5% score. [87]

Abortion

McSally identifies as "pro-life" or anti-abortion and in 2018 said she " opposes abortions in nearly all cases, with exceptions for rape, incest and the mother's health and life." [90] [91] [92] In 2015, she voted for a 20-week abortion ban, joining other Republicans in what was mostly a party-line vote. [93] In 2018, McSally voted to defund Planned Parenthood. She supports banning federal funding for abortions [94] but opposed a government shutdown over defunding Planned Parenthood that same year. [95] [96]

Asked whether the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade should be overturned, McSally did not take a position. [91] In May 2019 she was asked about a law passed in Alabama that would ban abortions even in cases of rape or incest. McSally initially did not take a position, calling it a "state issue," but she later announced that she opposed the law because she supports exceptions for rape and incest. [97] [98]

Planned Parenthood, which supports legal abortion, gives McSally a lifetime rating of 12% and Population Connection, which is pro-abortion rights and supports voluntary family planning, gave her a 33% score in 2016. [99] NARAL Pro-Choice America gave her a 7% pro-choice rating. [100] National Right to Life Committee, which opposes legal abortion, gave her a rating of 87% pro-life in 2018 and 100% pro-life in 2019. [101] Population Connection gave McSally a 25% grade in 2015 and a 0% in 2017. [102] In 2018 she was endorsed by Arizona Right to Life, which opposes legal abortion. [103]

Budget and taxes

McSally voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. [104] She discounted polls showing the bill as unpopular among voters, calling it "hysteria" and "misinformation" and saying that "the best counter to that is when people see money in their paychecks." [105]

Donald Trump

As of April 2020, McSally has voted with President Trump about 95% of the time. [106] In 2016, she did not endorse Trump in the presidential election and did not take a position on whether voters in her district should vote for him. [107] She called Trump's comments in the Access Hollywood tape "disgusting" and "unacceptable". [46] McSally recast herself as a Trump ally and reliable Republican vote in her 2018 campaign for the U.S. Senate. [47] [48] [108]

In February 2017, McSally voted with her party against a resolution that would have directed the House to request 10 years of Trump's tax returns, which would then have been reviewed by the House Ways and Means Committee in a closed session. [109]

In December 2019, amid the impeachment inquiry into President Trump over his alleged attempts to get the President of Ukraine to announce an investigation into Joe Biden and his son, McSally said she had not been convinced that Trump should be impeached. [110] In 2020, during Trump's Senate impeachment trial, she voted against allowing additional witnesses and documents [111] and voted to acquit Trump of all charges. [112]

Drug policy

McSally opposes legalizing both recreational and medical cannabis. [113] [114]

Economic policy

McSally opposes the Raise the Wage Act, which would gradually raise the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour. [115]

In March 2020 McSally became a cosponsor of legislation to repeal the Davis-Bacon Act of 1931, which requires paying laborers and mechanics the local prevailing wages for public works projects. [116]

Education

In 2012, McSally said she "wants the federal government out of the education business." [117] [118]

Energy and environment

McSally rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. [119] [120] She did not take a position on President Trump's decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate Accord. [121] As of 2019, she had a lifetime score of 6% from the League of Conservation Voters. [122]

In 2015 McSally co-sponsored the Mexican Wolf Transparency Act, a bill that would delist the Mexican wolf as an endangered species and halt a United States Fish and Wildlife Service recovery program that aims to reintroduce the wolf to areas in Arizona. [123]

McSally supported the Apache Solar Project in 2016. [124] In October 2017, once construction was completed, she gave the keynote address at its dedication, calling it a "great example of member-driven co-ops, from the bottom up, figuring out ways to provide reliable power to the community, instead of top-down bureaucrats telling them what to do." [125] She called the project a "case study" for the rest of the country in that other communities could learn how to provide customers with "low-cost, competitive renewable power." [125]

Foreign and defense policy

Politico called McSally's foreign policy "hawkish" in 2016. [126] She criticized the international nuclear agreement with Iran and has praised defense contractors. [127] During the House consideration of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, McSally, along with John McCain, fought to increase military spending, particularly on the Tomahawk missile and other programs of Raytheon Co., one of Arizona's largest employers. [128] [129] She has been an ardent opponent of the retirement of the A-10 "Warthog", a warplane that has a strong presence at the Davis-Monthan Air Force Base near Tucson. [129] [130] She opposes the budget sequestration's effects on military spending. [129]

McSally has introduced legislation to reduce funding for U.S. military bands. [126] [131] [132] She supports the indefinite detentions at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp and opposed President Obama's efforts to close the camp. [133] [134]

In 2015 McSally said the air strikes taking place against ISIL were not effective but did not give an opinion on whether the U.S. should send ground troops into Iraq and Syria. [135]

In July 2018 McSally issued a statement touting Trump's actions to prevent "Russian aggression": she listed sanctions, the expulsion of diplomats, and working with NATO as some of them. At the same time, she posited Trump's words were not as strong as his actions. [136] In January 2019 McSally was one of 11 Republican senators to vote to advance legislation intended to prevent President Trump from lifting sanctions against three Russian companies. [137]

In October 2019 McSally was one of six senators to sign a bipartisan letter to Trump calling on him to "urge Turkey to end their offensive and find a way to a peaceful resolution while supporting our Kurdish partners to ensure regional stability" and arguing that to leave Syria without installing protections for American allies would endanger both them and the US. [138]

McSally has expressed concern about Chinese involvement in the United States, saying that Americans “are being played by the Chinese Communist Party”. [139]

Gun policy

In 2012, when asked about her position on the " gun show loophole", McSally said she opposed limits on gun sales as unconstitutional. [140]

In 2019, the Arizona Mirror wrote that McSally "has suggested some willingness to consider gun control measures, an apparent shift from her previous stance on the topic." McSally said she was considering "specific legislative efforts to prevent gun violence, like red flag laws, assault weapons bans and stricter background checks."

As of 2019, McSally had received $372,615 from gun rights groups, the fifth most of any federal lawmaker since 1989. [141]

Health care

McSally supports repealing the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare"). [142] In January 2017, she voted for a Republican-sponsored budget resolution that began the process of repealing the Act. [143] When running for the Senate in 2018, McSally said, "we cannot go back to where we were before Obamacare." [144]

McSally supported the March 2017 version of the American Health Care Act, [145] and voted on May 4, 2017, to repeal the Affordable Care Act and pass a revised version of the American Health Care Act. [146] [147] Before voting on the bill, she declined to answer questions by reporters on where she stood, saying "I'm not publicly sharing my position". [148] According to the Associated Press, on the date of the vote McSally stood up at a meeting of the House Republican Conference and told her colleagues to get this "fucking thing" done. [149] [150] [151] The version of the American Health Care Act that she voted for had not been scored by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office; the previous version of the bill was estimated to cause 24 million Americans to become uninsured by 2026. [152] [151] The revised version of the bill allowed states to ask for a waiver that would allow insurers to charge individuals with preexisting conditions more. [152] McSally said the bill was "not perfect" but that it was better than the "failed system" of the Affordable Care Act. [151] After the AHCA passed, McSally proposed a stand-alone bill to strike the exemption of Congress from state waiver provisions; it passed by a 429–0 vote and would require 60 votes to pass the U.S. Senate. [153]

In October 2019, McSally was one of 27 senators to sign a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer advocating the passage of the Community Health Investment, Modernization, and Excellence (CHIME) Act, which was set to expire the following month. The senators warned that if the funding for the Community Health Center Fund (CHCF) was allowed to expire, it "would cause an estimated 2,400 site closures, 47,000 lost jobs, and threaten the health care of approximately 9 million Americans." [154]

Immigration

Once a supporter of immigration reform, McSally has embraced a hard-line conservative position on immigration since the election of Donald Trump. [155]

In December 2014 McSally criticized President Obama's executive actions on immigration (the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and the Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (DAPA) program), saying that it was "absolutely inappropriate" of Obama to take these actions rather than "allowing the new Congress to sit and try to sort it out." [156] In January 2015, McSally was one of 26 Republicans who voted against an amendment to a spending bill that would end DACA. [157] She said it would be unfair to deport undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children. [158] In September 2017, McSally was one of 10 Republicans who sent a letter to Speaker Paul Ryan asking for a legislative solution for those under DACA status. While criticizing Obama's action in creating the program, the letter said, "It would be wrong to go back on our word and subject these individuals to deportation". [159] In May 2018, while facing a primary challenge from the right, McSally pulled her support and cosponsorship of a DACA bill that she had sponsored since April 2017. [160] Instead, she expressed support for a more conservative bill that would cut legal immigration, dramatically increase spending on border security, and provide indefinite stay for DREAMers but not give them a path to citizenship. [160] [161] In June 2018, CNN reported that the McSally campaign had removed a video from her website in which she praised DACA. [161] According to The Arizona Republic, McSally sought through these actions during the primary "to downplay and hide" her past support for DACA. [162]

In January 2017, after Trump issued an executive order suspending the entry of foreigners from seven Muslim-majority countries into the United States, McSally issued a statement saying the U.S. should look at "gaps in our vetting processes" but that she had "concerns about certain individuals being denied entry." [163] [164]

McSally did not fault the Trump administration for the family separation policy but indicated that she preferred a different outcome than separating immigrant children from their parents. [165] [166] McSally instead criticized Congress for the family separation policy that the Trump administration implemented. [167] When the Trump administration backtracked on the family separation policy, McSally said it was "welcome news." [166]

In 2019, McSally voted against a resolution to reject Trump's use of an emergency declaration to build a border wall. [168]

Internet and technology

McSally opposes net neutrality and signed a letter to FCC Chairman Ajit Pai in December 2017 urging him to repeal the Federal Communications Commission’s Open Internet Order. [169]

In March 2017, McSally and then-Congresswoman Marsha Blackburn co-sponsored the Broadband Consumer Privacy Proposal, which repealed the FCC's internet privacy rules and allowed internet service providers to sell customers' browsing history without their permission. [170]

LGBTQ rights

McSally opposes marriage equality and in 2018 said "philosophically, I believe marriage is between one man and one woman, and it should be left to the states." [171] After the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, which upheld a constitutional right to same-sex marriage, McSally said she would "respect the Supreme Court's decision" but expressed the view that "this debate belongs at the state level." [172]

She has declined to take a position on the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA), which would bar employers with more than 15 employees from engaging in employment discrimination on the basis of an "actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity." [173] During her 2010 campaign, McSally indicated on a Center for Arizona Policy questionnaire that she opposes such additions to anti-discrimination law. [173]

In May 2016 McSally voted for a bill that would have dismantled the Obama administration's executive action that made it illegal for government contractors to discriminate against people based on sexual orientation. [174]

Congresswoman Martha McSally, Senators Susan Collins & Jon Kyl at 2018 Small Business Expo in Phoenix, Arizona

Social Security

McSally supports privatizing Social Security and raising the retirement age. [175] She has described the existing system as "currently unsustainable." [175]

Electoral history

2012 Arizona's 8th congressional district special election (Republican primary, April 17) [30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jesse Kelly 27,101 35.1
Republican Martha McSally 19,413 25.1
Republican Frank Antenori 17,497 22.6
Republican Dave Sitton 13,299 17.2
Total votes 77,310 100
Arizona's 2nd congressional district election, 2012 (Republican primary, August 28)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha McSally 52,809 81.7%
Republican Mark Koskiniemi 11,828 18.3%
Total votes 64,637 100
Arizona's 2nd congressional district election, 2012 [176]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ron Barber 147,338 50.41% +18.66%
Republican Martha McSally 144,884 49.57% -15.99%
Libertarian Anthony Powell (Write-In) 57 0.02% -4.05%
Turnout 292,279
Democratic hold Swing
Arizona's 2nd congressional district, 2014 (Republican primary) [177]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha McSally 45,492 69.11
Republican Chuck Wooten 14,995 22.78
Republican Shelley Kais 5,103 7.75
Republican Write-in 235 0.36
Total votes 65,825 100
Arizona's 2nd congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Martha McSally 109,704 50.01% +0.44%
Democratic Ron Barber (incumbent) 109,543 49.94% -0.47%
N/A Write-ins 104 0.05% +0.03%
Turnout 219,351
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Arizona's 2nd congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Martha McSally (incumbent) 150,103 56.7% +6.89%
Democratic Matt Heinz 114,401 43.4% -6.33%
Turnout 264,504
Republican hold Swing
United States Senate elections in Arizona, 2018 (Republican primary, August 28, 2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha McSally 357,626 54.6%
Republican Kelli Ward 180,926 27.6%
Republican Joe Arpaio 116,555 17.8%%
Republican Nicholas Glenn (write-in) 121 0.0%%
Republican William Gonzales (write-in) 70 0.0%
Total votes 655,298 100
United States Senate election in Arizona, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 1,191,100 49.97%
Republican Martha McSally 1,135,200 47.62%
Green Angela Green (withdrawn) 57,442 2.41%
Turnout 2,383,742 100%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

Personal life

McSally was married to Air Force officer Donald Frederick Henry from 1997 to 1999, when the marriage was annulled. [178] [179] She is a triathlete. [5] McSally's rescue Golden Retriever, Boomer, often appears alongside her at events and in videos. [180]

In April 2018, a Tucson man was sentenced to 15 months in prison for threatening to assault and kill McSally. [181]

On March 6, 2019, during a hearing on Sexual Assault and Misconduct in the Military at the Armed Services Subcommittee on Personnel, McSally informed her colleagues that she had been raped by a superior officer while serving in the Air Force:

I also am a military sexual assault survivor, but unlike so many brave survivors, I didn't report being sexually assaulted. Like so many women and men, I didn't trust the system at the time. I blamed myself. I was ashamed and confused. I thought I was strong but felt powerless. The perpetrators abused their position of power in profound ways. In one case I was preyed upon and raped by a superior officer.

McSally did not name the officer but said she shares the disgust at the failures of the military system and many commanders to address sexual violence. [182] [183]

See also

References

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External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ron Barber
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 2nd congressional district

2015–2019
Succeeded by
Ann Kirkpatrick
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jeff Flake
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona
( Class 1)

2018
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Arizona
2019–present
Served alongside: Kyrsten Sinema
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Kevin Cramer
United States Senators by seniority
94th
Succeeded by
Jacky Rosen