Los Angeles Opera
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The Los Angeles Opera is an American opera company in Los Angeles, California. It is the fourth-largest opera company in the United States.  The company's home base is the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, part of the Los Angeles Music Center.
Spanish tenor and conductor Plácido Domingo has been General Director of LA Opera since 2003. To date, he has sung 27 different roles with the company including, most recently, the baritone title role of Puccini's " Gianni Schicchi" (September 2015) as well as Giorgio Germont in Verdi's " La Traviata," Athanael in Massenet's Thaïs," Francesco Foscari in Verdi's I due Foscari, Pablo Neruda in Daniel Catan's Il Postino, Siegmund in Die Walküre, Vidal Hernando in Luisa Fernanda, and the title roles in Simon Boccanegra, Tamerlano, Idomeneo and Parsifal. He has also conducted 16 different operas and numerous concerts with the company.
American conductor James Conlon has been Music Director since 2006, succeeding Kent Nagano, who held the official title of "Principal Conductor" from 2001–2003 and then became Music Director. To date, Maestro Conlon has conducted 46 different operas for LA Opera, in addition to numerous concerts.
Christopher Koelsch  has been the President and Chief Executive Officer of LA Opera since 2012. He previously held the position of Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since 2010, after serving as Vice President for Artistic Planning. He is the first year-round resident of Los Angeles to lead LA Opera since 2007.
Grant Gershon became Resident Conductor as of the 2012–13 season, after previously serving as Associate Conductor/Chorus Master since 2007. Previous conductors in residence included William Vendice, Head of Music Staff/Chorus Master, from 1995 to 2007; and Randall Behr, Resident Conductor, Chorus Master, and Head of Music Staff from 1988 to 1995.
LA Opera (also known as Los Angeles Opera), which was inaugurated in 1986 with a production of Verdi's Otello starring Plácido Domingo, traces its roots back to the Los Angeles Civic Grand Opera, which was formed in 1948.  It presented staged productions in a church located in Beverly Hills through the 1950s, funded by furniture maker Francesco Pace.  Later, Carol F. Henry, who has served as the President of the Board since 2005, became started volunteering for the Los Angeles Opera League in 1981.  Shortly after its third production at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, the company abandoned its own production projects and recreated itself as the Music Center Opera Association by bringing opera from other cities to the Music Center, notably San Francisco Opera the New York City Opera. San Francisco Opera began presenting productions in Los Angeles in 1937 and continued to do so every fall until 1969.  The NYCO brought productions to Los Angeles every fall from 1966 to 1982.
In 1984, the Music Center Opera Association hired Peter Hemmings and gave him the task of creating a local opera company which would once again present its own productions. This led to the forming of Los Angeles Opera. Hemmings stepped down as General Director in 2000, with Plácido Domingo assuming leadership of the company following season. (In fact, Domingo had been involved in the creation of the company, having served as its artistic consultant since 1984.) In November 2001, Edgar Baitzel was made director of artistic operations. Baitzel was appointed the company's Artistic Director in May 2003 and then its chief operating officer in February 2006. Baitzel died in March 2007.  In September 2012, Christopher Koelsch was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer. He previously held the position of Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since 2010, after serving as Vice President for Artistic Planning. 
The company offers productions in the standard operatic repertory as well as new and rarely staged operas. In 2015, LA Opera presented a new production of " The Ghosts of Versailles" by John Corigliano, the first major U.S. staging of that opera in 20 years. In 2014, Renee Fleming starred in a production of Andre Previn's " A Streetcar Named Desire."
In 2003, it presented the world premiere of the opera Nicholas and Alexandra, with music composed by Deborah Drattell and text by Nicholas von Hoffman. The 2010–2011 season opened with the world première of Daniel Catán's opera Il Postino, based on the 1994 drama film Il Postino: The Postman, with Domingo as the poet Pablo Neruda, Charles Castronovo in the title role and Grant Gershon conducting. In 2002 it presented the world premiere of Eurydice, composed by Matthew Aucoin with a libretto by Sarah Ruhl. 
The company has also frequently turned to the cinema world for directors of its productions. During the 2001–2002 season, it mounted a production of Wagner's Lohengrin, directed by Austrian actor Maximilian Schell and a double bill of Bartók's Bluebeard's Castle and Puccini's Gianni Schicchi, directed by filmmaker William Friedkin. Garry Marshall directed his own adaptation of Jacques Offenbach's La Grande Duchesse de Gerolstein in 2005. Friedkin returned to direct Richard Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos in 2004 and, in 2008, the first two parts of Puccini's Il Trittico, Il Tabarro and Suor Angelica, a production that also featured Woody Allen making his operatic debut staging Gianni Schicchi.
Highlights of the last decade have included Kurt Weill's Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny starring Anthony Dean Griffey, Audra McDonald and Patti LuPone, Rossini's Il Turco in Italia starring Nino Machaidze Simone Alberghini, Paolo Gavanelli and Thomas Allen, and three major works by Benjamin Britten: The Turn of the Screw starring Patricia Racette, Albert Herring starring Alek Shrader in the title role, with Janis Kelly and Christine Brewer sharing the role of Lady Billows, and " Billy Budd" starring Liam Bonner, Richard Croft and Greer Grimsley.
Other frequent and notable guests with the company have included Samuel Ramey, Violeta Urmana, Hildegard Behrens, Denyce Graves, Frederica von Stade, Sumi Jo, Deborah Voigt, James Morris, Rod Gilfry, Jennifer Larmore, Maria Ewing, Susan Graham and Ferruccio Furlanetto.
The company's multi-year project, begun during the 2006-2007 season, is dedicated to presenting little known operas by the lost generation of composers whose lives and careers were cut short by the Third Reich. To date, the company has presented Alexander von Zemlinsky's Eine florentinische Tragödie (An Italian Tragedy) and Der Zwerg (The Dwarf), the U.S. premiere of Viktor Ullmann's Der zerbrochene Krug (The Broken Jug), Walter Braunfels' Die Vögel (The Birds) and the U.S. premiere of Franz Schreker's Die Gezeichneten (The Stigmatized) as part of this mission, as well as children's performances of Hans Krasa's Brundibar.
The company presented its first presentation of Richard Wagner's complete Der Ring des Nibelungen in the summer of 2010. New productions of Das Rheingold and Die Walküre were performed in early 2009, followed by Siegfried (September–October 2009) and Götterdämmerung (April 2010). Three full cycles were produced from May 29 through June 26, 2010, accompanied by the citywide Ring Festival LA. The innovative production was directed and designed by German theater artist Achim Freyer and conducted by James Conlon. The principal artists included Linda Watson, Vitalij Kowaljow, Michelle DeYoung, Plácido Domingo, John Treleaven, Graham Clark, Richard Paul Fink, Eric Halfvarson, Alan Held and Jennifer Wilson, among others.
The festival drew criticism from Los Angeles County Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich, who argued that Wagner's work was the "soundtrack to the Holocaust", a reference to Wagner's anti-Semitic views. Wagner's music was played by guards at concentration camps and through loudspeakers.   Antonovich requested that the company broaden the scope of the festival to include other classical and operatic performers, while the company argued that proper attention was made to educate festival-goers on Wagner's racist views, and that broadening the scope would be inappropriate. On a 3–1 vote, the other supervisors rejected Antonovich's motion to have the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors send a letter to the company to shift the focus away from Wagner. 
Subsequently, partly as a result of the cost of producing the Ring, the company requested an emergency $14 million loan from the Board of Supervisors due to reduced sponsorships and escalating costs. The Board approved the loan 4–1, with Antonovich dissenting. In January 2012, LA Opera repaid half of the loan, with the balance repaid in December 2012.
For over 20 years, the company has produced a wide variety of education and outreach programs designed to bring opera to people of all backgrounds, from young children experiencing opera for the first time to experienced opera lovers of all ages. These include "In-School Operas" performed for and by elementary school students; full-scale student matinées and a summer "Opera Camp" for secondary school students; accredited teacher training programs; large-scale, free community performances for families; a popular lecture series for ticket holders before every mainstage performance; and open dress rehearsals for senior centers. In 2008, these programs were enjoyed by an all-time high of more than 159,000 students, teachers and community members.
- John Corigliano - The Ghosts of Versailles. James Conlon, Patricia Racette, Christopher Maltman, Kristinn Sigmundsson, Joshua Guerrero, Los Angeles Opera. PENTATONE PTC 5186538 (2016).
- Ng, David, "L.A. Opera's new CEO works to keep stage lights on, audiences coming", Los Angeles Times, 21 October 2012
- "About Us:Christopher-Koelsch Archived January 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine on laopera.org. Retrieved 9 January 2014
- Diane Haithman, Holding onto a high note, The Los Angeles Times, October 08, 2006
- San Francisco Opera Online Performance Archive
- [ dead link] "Obituaries:Colin Graham, Director, Librettist and Translator, Is Dead at Seventy-Five". Opera News. June 2007.
- Ng, David (April 25, 2012), "Los Angeles Opera names Christopher Koelsch president and CEO", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 January 2014
- Swed, Mark (February 3, 2020). "Review: At L.A. Opera, Matthew Aucoin's 'Eurydice' almost has it all". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- Guido Fackler, "The Concentration and the Death Camps" Archived November 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine on Music and the Holocaust, holocaustmusic.ort.org. Retrieved 16 October 2014
- Stampler, Laura (July 16, 2009), "LA County Supervisor Antonovitch Protests 2010 Wagner Ring Festival", Jewish Journal on jewishjournal.com. Retrieved 16 October 2014
- Ng, David (July 21, 2009). "Supervisors Vote Against Changing Ring Festival". Culture Monster (blog of the Los Angeles Times). Retrieved August 21, 2012.
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