List of longest suspension bridge spans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge has the longest central span of any suspension bridge.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML ·  GPX

The world's longest suspension bridges are listed according to the length of their main span (i.e. the length of suspended roadway between the bridge's towers). The length of main span is the most common method of comparing the sizes of suspension bridges, often correlating with the height of the towers and the engineering complexity involved in designing and constructing the bridge. [1] If one bridge has a longer span than another it does not necessarily mean that the bridge is longer from shore to shore (or from abutment to abutment).

Suspension bridges have the longest spans of any type of bridge. Cable-stayed bridges, the next longest design, are practical for spans up to just over 1 kilometre. Therefore, the 17 longest bridges on this list are all currently the 17 longest spans of all types of vehicular bridges (other than floating pontoon bridges).

Since 1998 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge in Japan holds the record with its span of 1,991 metres (6,532 ft). The Çanakkale 1915 Bridge of the Dardanelles, currently under construction in Turkey, is expected to surpass it with a span of 2,023 metres (6,637 ft).

Completed suspension bridges

This list includes only completed suspension bridges that carry automobiles or trains. It does not include cable-stayed bridges, footbridges, or pipeline bridges.

Image Rank Name Main span
metres (feet)
Year opened Location Country Ref.
Akashi bridge.jpg 1 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge 1,991 m (6,532.2 ft) 1998 Kobe ( Hyōgo)
34°37′1.3″N 135°1′18.9″E / 34.617028°N 135.021917°E / 34.617028; 135.021917 (Akashi Kaikyō Bridge)
  Japan [2]
2 Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge 1,700 m (5,577.4 ft) 2019 Wuhan ( Hubei)
30°30′24″N 114°15′24″E / 30.50667°N 114.25667°E / 30.50667; 114.25667 (Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge)
  China [3]
虎门二桥.jpg 3 Nansha Bridge
(East span)
1,688 m (5,538.1 ft) 2019 Dongguan ( Guangdong)
22°53′05.1″N 113°33′56.4″E / 22.884750°N 113.565667°E / 22.884750; 113.565667 (Second Humen Bridge East)
  China [4]
Xihoumen Bridge.JPG 4 Xihoumen Bridge 1,650 m (5,413.4 ft) 2009 Zhoushan ( Zhejiang)
30°3′42.4″N 121°54′57.6″E / 30.061778°N 121.916000°E / 30.061778; 121.916000 (Xihoumen Bridge)
  China [5]
Storebæltsbroen-2.jpg 5 Great Belt Bridge 1,624 m (5,328.1 ft) 1998 KorsørSprogø ( Region Zealand)
55°20′31″N 11°2′9.3″E / 55.34194°N 11.035917°E / 55.34194; 11.035917 (Great Belt Bridge)
  Denmark [6]
Osman Gazi Köprüsü2.jpg 6 Osman Gazi Bridge 1,550 m (5,085.3 ft) 2016 DilovasıAltınova ( Gulf of İzmit)
40°45′15″N 29°30′55″E / 40.75417°N 29.51528°E / 40.75417; 29.51528 (İzmit Bay Bridge)
  Turkey [7]
Yi Sun-sin Bridge 20130517 161115 (14376287926)2.jpg 7 Yi Sun-sin Bridge 1,545 m (5,068.9 ft) 2012 GwangyangYeosu ( South Jeolla Province)
34°54′21.4″N 127°42′18.1″E / 34.905944°N 127.705028°E / 34.905944; 127.705028 (Yi Sun-sin Bridge)
  South Korea [8]
Bushes in Runyang Bridge Park.JPG 8 Runyang Bridge 1,490 m (4,888.5 ft) 2005 YangzhouZhenjiang ( Jiangsu)
32°12′24.6″N 119°21′49.9″E / 32.206833°N 119.363861°E / 32.206833; 119.363861 (Runyang Bridge)
  China [9] [10]
Dongtinghu Bridge Hangrui 2018-2.jpg 9 Second Dongtinghu Bridge [ zh] 1,480 m (4,855.6 ft) 2018 Yueyang ( Hunan)
29°25′29″N 113°07′20″E / 29.42472°N 113.12222°E / 29.42472; 113.12222 (Second Dongtinghu Bridge)
  China [11] [12]
Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 10 Nanjing Fourth Yangtze Bridge 1,418 m (4,652.2 ft) 2012 Nanjing ( Jiangsu)
32°10′39.9″N 118°56′24.5″E / 32.177750°N 118.940139°E / 32.177750; 118.940139 (Nanjing Fourth Yangtze Bridge)
  China [13]
Humber Bridge2.png 11 Humber Bridge 1,410 m (4,626.0 ft) 1981 HessleBarton-upon-Humber ( Yorkshire and Lincolnshire)
53°42′28.7″N 0°27′0.3″W / 53.707972°N 0.450083°W / 53.707972; -0.450083 (Humber Bridge)
  United Kingdom [14] [15]
Yavuz sultan selim köprüsü (cropped).jpg 12 Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge 1,408 m (4,619.4 ft) 2016 İstanbul ( Bosphorus)
41°12′31″N 29°7′5″E / 41.20861°N 29.11806°E / 41.20861; 29.11806 (Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge)
  Turkey [16] [17]
Jiangyin Bridge.jpg 13 Jiangyin Bridge 1,385 m (4,544.0 ft) 1999 JiangyinJingjiang ( Jiangsu)
31°56′43.1″N 120°16′10″E / 31.945306°N 120.26944°E / 31.945306; 120.26944 (Jiangyin Suspension Bridge)
  China [18]
Tsing Ma Bridge 2.jpg 14 Tsing Ma Bridge 1,377 m (4,517.7 ft) 1997 Tsing YiMa Wan ( Hong Kong)
22°21′4.8″N 114°4′25.6″E / 22.351333°N 114.073778°E / 22.351333; 114.073778 (Tsing Ma Bridge)
  China [19]
Hardangerbrua (15028061131).png 15 Hardanger Bridge 1,310 m (4,297.9 ft) 2013 UlvikUllensvang ( Hordaland)
60°28′42.9″N 6°49′47.2″E / 60.478583°N 6.829778°E / 60.478583; 6.829778 (Hardanger Bridge)
  Norway [20] [21]
Verrazano Bridge2.jpg 16 Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge 1,298 m (4,258.5 ft) 1964 New York City ( New York)
40°36′23″N 74°2′43.2″W / 40.60639°N 74.045333°W / 40.60639; -74.045333 (Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge)
  United States [22]
Golden Gate Bridge .JPG 17 Golden Gate Bridge 1,280 m (4,199.5 ft) 1937 San FranciscoMarin County ( California)
37°49′9.5″N 122°28′43.9″W / 37.819306°N 122.478861°W / 37.819306; -122.478861 (Golden Gate Bridge)
  United States [23]
Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 17 Yangluo Bridge 1,280 m (4,199.5 ft) 2007 Wuhan ( Hubei)
30°38′12.9″N 114°33′17.8″E / 30.636917°N 114.554944°E / 30.636917; 114.554944 (Yangluo Bridge)
  China [24]
Högakustenbron-2-edit.jpg 19 Höga Kusten Bridge 1,210 m (3,969.8 ft) 1997 Utansjö ( Västernorrland County)
62°47′53″N 17°56′15″E / 62.79806°N 17.93750°E / 62.79806; 17.93750 (Höga Kusten Bridge)
  Sweden [25]
20 Nansha Bridge
(West span)
1,200 m (3,937.0 ft) 2019 Dongguan ( Guangdong)
22°52′59.8″N 113°31′08.0″E / 22.883278°N 113.518889°E / 22.883278; 113.518889 (Second Humen Bridge West)
  China [4]
Hongjun Chishuihe Bridge image.jpg 20 Hongjun Chishuihe Bridge
赤水河红军大桥
1,200 m (3,937.0 ft) 2019 [26] Xishui ( Guizhou)– Gulin ( Sichuan)   China [27] [28]
龙江特大桥1.jpg 22 Longjiang River Bridge 1,196 m (3,923.9 ft) 2016 Wuhexiang ( Yunnan)
24°50′19.7″N 98°40′19.9″E / 24.838806°N 98.672194°E / 24.838806; 98.672194 (Longjiang River Bridge)
  China [29]
Aizhai Bridge-6.jpg 23 Aizhai Bridge 1,176 m (3,858.3 ft) 2012 Jishou ( Hunan)
28°19′54.1″N 109°35′53.2″E / 28.331694°N 109.598111°E / 28.331694; 109.598111 (Aizhai Bridge)
  China [30]
Mackinac Bridge.jpg 24 Mackinac Bridge 1,158 m (3,799.2 ft) 1957 Mackinaw CitySt. Ignace ( Michigan)
45°48′56″N 84°43′40.6″W / 45.81556°N 84.727944°W / 45.81556; -84.727944 (Mackinac Bridge)
  United States [31]
25 Ulsan Bridge [ ko] 1,150 m (3,773.0 ft) 2015 Ulsan
35°30′41″N 129°23′28″E / 35.51139°N 129.39111°E / 35.51139; 129.39111 (Ulsan Bridge)
  South Korea [32] [33]
Hålogalandsbrua april 2018.jpg 26 Hålogaland Bridge 1,145 m (3,756.6 ft) 2018 Rombaken, Narvik
68°27′32″N 17°28′56″E / 68.45889°N 17.48222°E / 68.45889; 17.48222 (Hålogaland Bridge)
  Norway [34]
QingshuiheByHighestBridges.jpg 27 Qingshui River Bridge 1,130 m (3,707.3 ft) 2015 Kaiyang County, Guizhou
27°1′49.5″N 107°11′21.6″E / 27.030417°N 107.189333°E / 27.030417; 107.189333 (Qingshui River Bridge)
  China [35]
Huangpu bridge-edit.jpg 28 Huangpu Bridge 1,108 m (3,635.2 ft) 2008 Guangzhou ( Guangdong)
23°4′17.1″N 113°28′33.9″E / 23.071417°N 113.476083°E / 23.071417; 113.476083 (Huangpu Bridge)
  China [36]
GreatSetoBridge2-edit.jpg 20 Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge 1,100 m (3,608.9 ft) 1989 SakaideShiwaku Islands ( Kagawa)
34°21′50″N 133°49′30.7″E / 34.36389°N 133.825194°E / 34.36389; 133.825194 (Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge)
  Japan [37]
20 Xingkang Bridge
兴康大桥
1,100 m (3,608.9 ft) 2018 Luding County, Sichuan
29°57′55.4″N 102°12′53.6″E / 29.965389°N 102.214889°E / 29.965389; 102.214889 (Luding Yaye Expressway Bridge)
  China [38] [39]
Bosphorus, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge.jpg 31 Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge 1,090 m (3,576.1 ft) 1988 İstanbul ( Bosphorus)
41°5′28″N 29°3′40″E / 41.09111°N 29.06111°E / 41.09111; 29.06111 (Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge)
  Turkey [40]
Balinghe Bridge-2.jpg 32 Baling River Bridge 1,088 m (3,569.6 ft) 2009 Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County ( Guizhou)
25°57′40″N 105°37′46″E / 25.96111°N 105.62944°E / 25.96111; 105.62944 (Balinghe Bridge)
  China [41]
Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 20 Taizhou Bridge 1,080 m (3,543.3 ft) [note 1] 2012 Taizhou ( Jiangsu)
32°14′47.8″N 119°52′36.1″E / 32.246611°N 119.876694°E / 32.246611; 119.876694 (Taizhou Bridge)
  China [42]
Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 20 Ma'anshan Bridge 1,080 m (3,543.3 ft) 2013 Ma'anshan ( Anhui)
31°36′36.4″N 118°23′31.4″E / 31.610111°N 118.392056°E / 31.610111; 118.392056 (Ma'anshan Bridge)
  China [43]
Bosphorus Bridge, Istanboul.jpg 35 Bosphorus Bridge 1,074 m (3,523.6 ft) 1973 İstanbul ( Bosphorus)
41°2′42″N 29°2′2″E / 41.04500°N 29.03389°E / 41.04500; 29.03389 (Bosphorus Bridge)
  Turkey [44]
George Washington Bridge from New Jersey-edit.jpg 36 George Washington Bridge 1,067 m (3,500.7 ft) 1931 New York City ( New York) – Fort Lee ( New Jersey)
40°51′6.2″N 73°57′9.8″W / 40.851722°N 73.952722°W / 40.851722; -73.952722 (George Washington Bridge)
  United States [45]
FumaYangtzeByHighestBridges.jpg 37 Fuma Yangtze River Bridge
驸马长江大桥
1,050 m (3,444.9 ft) 2017 Wanzhou ( Chongqing)
30°50′04.8″N 108°28′09.4″E / 30.834667°N 108.469278°E / 30.834667; 108.469278 (Fuma Bridge)
  China [46] [47]
38 Qipanzhou Yangtse River Bridge
棋盘洲长江大桥
1,038 m (3,405.5 ft) 2020 Huangshi, Hubei
30°09′9.28″N 115°16′2.27″E / 30.1525778°N 115.2672972°E / 30.1525778; 115.2672972 (Qipanzhou Bridge)
  China [48]
Kurushimakaikyou ohashi.jpg 39 Third Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 1,030 m (3,379.3 ft) 1999 ImabariUmashima Island ( Ehime)
34°6′54.9″N 132°59′3.6″E / 34.115250°N 132.984333°E / 34.115250; 132.984333 (Third Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridgeo)
  Japan [49]
Kurushima Kaikyo Bridge-1.jpg 40 Second Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 1,020 m (3,346.5 ft) 1999 Umashima IslandŌshima ( Ehime)
34°7′16″N 133°0′0.7″E / 34.12111°N 133.000194°E / 34.12111; 133.000194 (Second Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge)
  Japan [49]
25th April Bridge and boat-2.JPG 41 25 de Abril Bridge 1,013 m (3,323.5 ft) 1966 LisbonAlmada ( Lisboa Region)
38°41′23.5″N 9°10′37.8″W / 38.689861°N 9.177167°W / 38.689861; -9.177167 (25 de Abril Bridge)
  Portugal [50]
Forth Road Bridge-2.jpg 42 Forth Road Bridge 1,006 m (3,300.5 ft) 1964 South QueensferryNorth Queensferry ( Fife)
56°0′5.4″N 3°24′15.1″W / 56.001500°N 3.404194°W / 56.001500; -3.404194 (Forth Road Bridge)
  United Kingdom [51]
Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge-3.jpg 43 Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge 990 m (3,248.0 ft) 1988 SakaideShiwaku Islands ( Kagawa)
34°22′42.4″N 133°49′13.2″E / 34.378444°N 133.820333°E / 34.378444; 133.820333 (Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge)
  Japan [37]
Old severn bridge small.jpg 44 Severn Bridge 988 m (3,241.5 ft) 1966 Bristol ( South Gloucestershire) – Chepstow ( Monmouthshire)
51°36′36.2″N 2°38′26.4″W / 51.610056°N 2.640667°W / 51.610056; -2.640667 (Severn Bridge)
  United Kingdom [52]
Yichang Yangtze Highway Bridge.JPG 45 Yichang Bridge 960 m (3,149.6 ft) 2001 Yichang ( Hubei)
30°34′10.5″N 111°23′29.5″E / 30.569583°N 111.391528°E / 30.569583; 111.391528 (Yichang Bridge)
  China [53]
Shimotsui-Seto Bridge who saw from Okayama Prefecture.JPG 46 Shimotsui-Seto Bridge 940 m (3,084.0 ft) 1988 KojimaShiwaku Islands ( Okayama)
34°25′52.4″N 133°48′23.2″E / 34.431222°N 133.806444°E / 34.431222; 133.806444 (Shimotsui-Seto Bridge)
  Japan [37]
47 Xiushan Bridge 926 m (3,038.1 ft) 2019 Daishan, Zhejiang
30°12′40″N 122°11′7.3″E / 30.21111°N 122.185361°E / 30.21111; 122.185361 (Xiushan Bridge)
  China [54]
Xiling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 48 Xiling Bridge 900 m (2,952.8 ft) 1996 Sandouping ( Hubei)
30°49′42.5″N 111°2′48″E / 30.828472°N 111.04667°E / 30.828472; 111.04667 (Xiling Bridge)
  China [55]
Siduhe Bridge-1.jpg 49 Si Du River Bridge 900 m (2,952.8 ft) 2009 Yesanguan ( Hubei)
30°37′16.1″N 110°23′43.1″E / 30.621139°N 110.395306°E / 30.621139; 110.395306 (Si Du River Bridge)
  China [56]
Humen Bridge-edit.jpg 50 Humen Pearl River Bridge 888 m (2,913.4 ft) 1997 Dongguan ( Guangdong)
22°47′49.5″N 113°36′57.2″E / 22.797083°N 113.615889°E / 22.797083; 113.615889 (Humen Pearl River Bridge)
  China [57]
51 Cuntan Yangtze River Bridge [ zh]
寸滩长江大桥
880 m (2,887.1 ft) 2017 Chongqing
29°37′14.2″N 106°36′21.8″E / 29.620611°N 106.606056°E / 29.620611; 106.606056 (Cuntan Bridge)
  China [58]
Big Naruto Bridge05n3872edit.jpg 52 Ōnaruto Bridge 876 m (2,874.0 ft) 1985 Naruto ( Tokushima) – Awaji Island ( Hyōgo)
34°14′19.5″N 134°39′1.1″E / 34.238750°N 134.650306°E / 34.238750; 134.650306 (Ōnaruto Bridge)
  Japan [59]
LishuiheByHighestBridges.jpg 53 Lishui River Bridge 856 m (2,808.4 ft) 2013 Zhangjiajie ( Hunan)
29°05′55″N 110°14′48″E / 29.09861°N 110.24667°E / 29.09861; 110.24667 (Lishui River Bridge)
  China [60] [61]
Tacoma Narrows Bridge, Spring-Summer 1967.jpg 54 Second Tacoma Narrows Bridge
(westbound)
853 m (2,798.6 ft) 1950 Tacoma ( Washington)
47°16′5.6″N 122°33′0.7″W / 47.268222°N 122.550194°W / 47.268222; -122.550194 (Tacoma Narrows Bridge (1950))
  United States | [62]
Tacoma Narrows Bridge, Seattle to Portland by train2.jpg 55 Third Tacoma Narrows Bridge
(eastbound)
853 m (2,798.6 ft) 2007 Tacoma ( Washington)
47°16′4.4″N 122°33′2.8″W / 47.267889°N 122.550778°W / 47.267889; -122.550778 (Tacoma Narrows Bridge (2007))
  United States [62]
Askøy bridge.jpg 56 Askøy Bridge 850 m (2,788.7 ft) 1992 BergenAskøy ( Hordaland)
60°23′43.6″N 5°12′54.8″E / 60.395444°N 5.215222°E / 60.395444; 5.215222 (Askøy Bridge)
  Norway [63]
Wuhan Yingwuzhou Yangtze Bridge.jpg 57 Yingwuzhou Bridge 850 m (2,788.7 ft) [note 2] 2014 Wuhan ( Hubei)
30°32′2.6″N 114°16′36.8″E / 30.534056°N 114.276889°E / 30.534056; 114.276889 (Yingwuzhou Bridge)
  China [64]
58 Jeokgeum Bridge [ ko] 850 m (2,788.7 ft) 2016 UcheonJeokgeum ( South Jeolla Province)
34°37′53″N 127°30′10″E / 34.63139°N 127.50278°E / 34.63139; 127.50278 (Jeokgeum Bridge)
  South Korea [65]
ZhixiYangtzeByHighestBridges.jpg 59 Zhixi Yangtze River Bridge [ zh]
至喜长江大桥(庙嘴长江大桥)
838 m (2,749.3 ft) 2016 Yichang ( Hubei)
30°42′56.2″N 111°15′45.2″E / 30.715611°N 111.262556°E / 30.715611; 111.262556 (Miaozui Bridge)
  China
Nanxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 60 Nanxi Bridge 820 m (2,690.3 ft) 2012 Nanxi District ( Sichuan)
28°47′1.3″N 104°56′44.5″E / 28.783694°N 104.945694°E / 28.783694; 104.945694 (Nanxi Bridge)
  China [66]
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 61 Qincaobei Bridge 788 m (2,585.3 ft) 2013 Lidu ( Chongqing)
29°42′51.5″N 107°16′52.7″E / 29.714306°N 107.281306°E / 29.714306; 107.281306 (Qincaobei Bridge)
  China [67] [68]
Innoshima Bridge-2.JPG 62 Innoshima Bridge 770 m (2,526.2 ft) 1983 InnoshimaMukaishima ( Hiroshima)
34°21′25.7″N 133°10′49.5″E / 34.357139°N 133.180417°E / 34.357139; 133.180417 (Innoshima Bridge)
  Japan [69]
Akinada Bridge 319865 2.jpg 63 Akinada Bridge 750 m (2,460.6 ft) 2000 KureShimokamagari ( Hiroshima)
34°12′22.4″N 132°40′45.8″E / 34.206222°N 132.679389°E / 34.206222; 132.679389 (Akinada Bridge)
  Japan [70]
Мост через реку Иртыш - panoramio.jpg 64 Semey Bridge 750 m (2,460.6 ft) 2000 Semey ( East Kazakhstan Province)
50°24′35″N 80°13′28″E / 50.40972°N 80.22444°E / 50.40972; 80.22444 (Semipalatinsk Bridge)
  Kazakhstan [71]
65 Yuecheng Xijiang Bridge
悦城西江大桥
738 m (2,421.3 ft) 2020 Yunfu ( Guangdong)
23°05′37″N 112°12′38″E / 23.09361°N 112.21056°E / 23.09361; 112.21056 (Yuecheng Xijiang Bridge)
  China [72]
66 Jinshajiang Jindong Bridge
金东大桥
730 m (2,395.0 ft) 2017 Huidong County ( Sichuan)
26°30′33.3″N 103°02′24.7″E / 26.509250°N 103.040194°E / 26.509250; 103.040194 (Jindong Bridge)
  China [73]
Alfred zampa memorial bridge.jpg 67 New Carquinez Bridge 728 m (2,388.5 ft) 2003 VallejoCrockett
( California)
38°3′39.7″N 122°13′35.5″W / 38.061028°N 122.226528°W / 38.061028; -122.226528 (New Carquinez Bridge)
  United States [74]
Hakucho Bridge 9086532 2.jpg 68 Hakuchō Bridge 720 m (2,362.2 ft) 1998 Muroran ( Hokkaido)
42°21′10.4″N 140°57′1.2″E / 42.352889°N 140.950333°E / 42.352889; 140.950333 (Hakucho Bridge)
  Japan [75]
PuenteOrinoco2.jpg 69 Angostura Bridge 712 m (2,336.0 ft) 1967 Ciudad Bolívar ( Bolívar)
8°8′39.9″N 63°35′53.2″W / 8.144417°N 63.598111°W / 8.144417; -63.598111 (Angostura Bridge)
  Venezuela [76]
KANMONKYO Bridge.jpg 69 Kanmon Bridge 712 m (2,336.0 ft) 1973 Kitakyushu ( Fukuoka) – Shimonoseki ( Yamaguchi)
33°57′42.2″N 130°57′31.3″E / 33.961722°N 130.958694°E / 33.961722; 130.958694 (Kanmonkyo Bridge)
  Japan [77]
Bay bridge views2.jpg 71 San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
(east half of west span)
704 m (2,309.7 ft) 1936 San FranciscoYerba Buena Island ( California)
37°48′12.2″N 122°22′18.9″W / 37.803389°N 122.371917°W / 37.803389; -122.371917 (San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (east half of West span))
  United States [78]
San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge-2.jpg 71 San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
(west half of west span)
704 m (2,309.7 ft) 1936 San FranciscoYerba Buena Island ( California)
37°47′35.4″N 122°22′59″W / 37.793167°N 122.38306°W / 37.793167; -122.38306 (San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (west half of West span))
  United States [78]
Bronx Whitestone Bridge 2.jpg 73 Bronx–Whitestone Bridge 701 m (2,299.9 ft) 1939 New York City ( New York)
40°48′6.7″N 73°49′47.2″W / 40.801861°N 73.829778°W / 40.801861; -73.829778 (Bronx-Whitestone Bridge)
  United States [79]
Maputo–Katembe bridge from the norther shore; July 2018.jpg 74 Maputo–Katembe bridge 680 m (2,231.0 ft) 2018 MaputoKatembe
25°58′23.4″S 32°33′26.7″E / 25.973167°S 32.557417°E / -25.973167; 32.557417 (Maputo-Catembe Bridge)
  Mozambique [80] [81]
Stord Bridge (Stordabruo)-edit.jpg 75 Stord Bridge 677 m (2,221.1 ft) 2001 StordFøyno ( Hordaland)
59°44′53″N 5°24′10.6″E / 59.74806°N 5.402944°E / 59.74806; 5.402944 (Stord Bridge)
  Norway [82]
LaPorte de Quebec (5802230245)2.jpg 76 Pierre Laporte Bridge 668 m (2,191.6 ft) 1970 Quebec City ( Quebec)
46°44′42.8″N 71°17′25.7″W / 46.745222°N 71.290472°W / 46.745222; -71.290472 (Pierre Laporte Bridge)
  Canada [83]
76 Sunxihe Bridge
笋溪河大桥
660 m (2,165.4 ft) 2018 Bailinzhen ( Chongqing)
28°42′44.7″N 106°27′44.4″E / 28.712417°N 106.462333°E / 28.712417; 106.462333 (Sunxihe Bridge)
  China [84]
Leaving Philadelphia.jpg 78 Delaware Memorial Bridge
(northbound)
656 m (2,152.2 ft) 1951 New Castle ( Delaware) – Deepwater ( New Jersey)
39°41′20.3″N 75°31′5″W / 39.688972°N 75.51806°W / 39.688972; -75.51806 (Delaware Memorial Bridge (northbound))
  United States [85]
Delaware Memorial Bridge From NJ Side.jpg 78 Delaware Memorial Bridge
(southbound)
656 m (2,152.2 ft) 1968 New Castle ( Delaware) – Deepwater ( New Jersey)
39°41′18.2″N 75°31′6.2″W / 39.688389°N 75.518389°W / 39.688389; -75.518389 (Delaware Memorial Bridge (southbound))
  United States [85]
无人机视角-金沙江大桥.jpg 78 Jinshajiang Hulukou Bridge 656 m (2,152.2 ft) 2017 Hulukouzhen ( Sichuan)
26°58′16.4″N 102°53′30.2″E / 26.971222°N 102.891722°E / 26.971222; 102.891722 (Jinshajiang Bridge Hulukou)
  China [86] [87]
81 Second Saecheonnyeon Bridge [ ko]
천사대교
650 m (2,132.5 ft) [note 3] 2019 Mokpo ( South Jeolla Province)
34°51′37.3″N 126°12′19.8″E / 34.860361°N 126.205500°E / 34.860361; 126.205500 (Second Saecheonnyeon Bridge)
  South Korea [88]
Haicang Bridge,Puente de Haicang (9172145021)2.jpg 82 Haicang Bridge 648 m (2,126.0 ft) 1999 Xiamen ( Fujian)
24°29′50.2″N 118°4′7.2″E / 24.497278°N 118.068667°E / 24.497278; 118.068667 (Haicang Bridge)
  China [89]
Beipanjiang Highway Suspension Bridge-1.jpg 83 Beipan River Hukun Expressway Bridge 636 m (2,086.6 ft) 2009 Qinglong County ( Guizhou)
25°53′58.1″N 105°19′25″E / 25.899472°N 105.32361°E / 25.899472; 105.32361 (Beipanjiang River 2009 Bridge)
  China [90]
84 Taoyuan Jinsha River Bridge
大永高速涛源金沙江大桥
636 m (2,086.6 ft) 2020 Yongsheng County ( Yunnan)
26°11′02″N 100°35′27″E / 26.18389°N 100.59083°E / 26.18389; 100.59083 (Dayong Expressway Taoyuan Jinsha River Bridge)
  China [91]
PuliBridgeByHighestBridges.jpg 85 Puli Bridge 628 m (2,060.4 ft) 2015 Pulixiang ( Yunnan)
26°19′20.6″N 104°35′16″E / 26.322389°N 104.58778°E / 26.322389; 104.58778 (Puli Bridge)
  China [92] [93]
Gjemnessundbrua 02.jpg 86 Gjemnessund Bridge 623 m (2,044.0 ft) 1992 GjemnesBergsøya ( Møre og Romsdal)
62°58′17″N 7°46′47″E / 62.97139°N 7.77972°E / 62.97139; 7.77972 (Gjemnessund Bridge)
  Norway [94]
Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 87 Yuzui Yangtze Bridge 616 m (2,021.0 ft) 2009 Yuzuizhen ( Chongqing)
29°36′40.7″N 106°46′21.2″E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Yangtze Bridge)
  China [95]
Walt Whitman Bridge Philadelphia.jpg 88 Walt Whitman Bridge 610 m (2,001.3 ft) 1957 Philadelphia ( Pennsylvania) – Gloucester City ( New Jersey)
39°54′18.7″N 75°7′46.1″W / 39.905194°N 75.129472°W / 39.905194; -75.129472 (Walt Whitman Bridge)
  United States [96]
Vallée de Seine (Tancarville).JPG 89 Tancarville Bridge 608 m (1,994.8 ft) 1959 Tancarville ( Seine-Maritime) – Marais-Vernier ( Eure)
49°28′21.6″N 0°27′52.8″E / 49.472667°N 0.464667°E / 49.472667; 0.464667 (Tancarville Bridge)
  France [97]
Little Belt Bridge2.jpg 90 New Little Belt Bridge 600 m (1,968.5 ft) 1970 MiddelfartFredericia ( Region of Southern Denmark)
55°31′7.1″N 9°44′56.9″E / 55.518639°N 9.749139°E / 55.518639; 9.749139 (New Little Belt Bridge)
  Denmark [98]
Kurushima Kaikyo Bridge-2edit.jpg 90 First Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 600 m (1,968.5 ft) 1999 Umashima IslandŌshima ( Ehime)
34°7′32.9″N 133°0′45.1″E / 34.125806°N 133.012528°E / 34.125806; 133.012528 (First Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge)
  Japan [49]

201908 Old and New Egongyan Yangtze River Bridge.jpg

90 E'gongyan Rail Transit Bridge 600 m (1,968.5 ft) 2019 Chongqing
29°31′19.9″N 106°31′41.6″E / 29.522194°N 106.528222°E / 29.522194; 106.528222 (Egongyan Metro Bridge)
  China [99] [100]
E'gongyan Bridge-1.jpg 90 E'gongyan Bridge 600 m (1,968.5 ft) 2000 Chongqing
29°31′23.9″N 106°31′41.7″E / 29.523306°N 106.528250°E / 29.523306; 106.528250 (E'gongyan Bridge)
  China [101]
90 Jijiang Yangtze Bridge 600 m (1,968.5 ft) 2016 Chongqing   China [102]

Bridges under construction

Most of the large suspension bridges built in recent years have been in the People's Republic of China. As the following list shows, most of the bridges under construction are also in China.

Name Main
span
metres
Main
span
feet
Year to open Location Country
Çanakkale 1915 Bridge 2,023 6,637 2022 GeliboluLapseki ( Dardanelles)
40°20′18″N 26°37′58″E / 40.33833°N 26.63278°E / 40.33833; 26.63278 (Çanakkale 1915 Bridge)
  Turkey [103]
Nanjing Xianxin Road Yangtse River Bridge [ zh]
南京仙新路过江通道
1,760 5,774 2023 Nanjing ( Jiangsu)
32°10′55″N 118°53′46″E / 32.18194°N 118.89611°E / 32.18194; 118.89611 (Xianxin Road Yangtze River Bridge)
  China [104]
Lingding Bridge
深中通道伶仃航道桥
1,666 5,466 2024 Shenzhen ( Guangdong)
22°35′37.6″N 113°46′05.6″E / 22.593778°N 113.768222°E / 22.593778; 113.768222 (Lingding Bridge)
  China [105]
Yanji Yangtse River Bridge

燕矶长江大桥

1,650 5,413 2025 Huanggang- Ezhou ( Hubei)
30°24′21″N 114°59′22″E / 30.40583°N 114.98944°E / 30.40583; 114.98944 (Yanji Yangtze River Bridge)
  China [106]
Longtan Yangtse River Bridge [ zh]
龙潭长江大桥
1,560 5,118 2024 Nanjing- Yangzhou ( Jiangsu)
32°14′40″N 119°05′14″E / 32.24444°N 119.08722°E / 32.24444; 119.08722 (Longtan Yangtze River Bridge)
  China [107]
Jin'an Bridge
金安金沙江大桥(丽攀高速)
1,386 4,547 2020 Lijiang, Yunnan
26°49′20″N 100°26′30″E / 26.82222°N 100.44167°E / 26.82222; 100.44167 (Jinsha River Jin'an Bridge)
  China [108]
Dahe Bridge
大河特大桥
1,250 4,101 2023 Lipanshui ( Guizhou)

26°39′51″N 104°50′5″E / 26.66417°N 104.83472°E / 26.66417; 104.83472 (Dahe Bridge)

  China [109] [110]
Wujiagang Yangtse Bridge

伍家岗长江大桥

1,160 3,806 2021 Yichang ( Hubei)

30°37′03″N 111°21′37″E / 30.61750°N 111.36028°E / 30.61750; 111.36028 (Wujiagang Bridge (Guangxi))

  China [111]
Brăila Bridge 1,120 3,670 2022 Brăila ( Danube)
45°18′52″N 28°00′12″E / 45.31444°N 28.00333°E / 45.31444; 28.00333 (Brăila Bridge)
  Romania [112]
Chacao Channel bridge 1,100 3,608 2023 CalbucoChiloé
41°47′38″S 73°31′15″W / 41.79389°S 73.52083°W / -41.79389; -73.52083 (Chacao Channel Bridge)
  Chile [113]
Kaizhouhu Bridge
开州湖特大桥
1,100 3,608 2021 Guizhou

27°11′59″N 107°05′14″E / 27.19972°N 107.08722°E / 27.19972; 107.08722 (Haizhouhu Bridge (Guangxi))

  China [114]
Longmen Bridge
龙门大桥
1,098 3,602 2024 Qinzhou ( Guangxi)

21°45′18″N 108°33′16″E / 21.75500°N 108.55444°E / 21.75500; 108.55444 (Longmen Bridge)

  China [115]
Wufengshan Yangtze River Bridge [ zh]

五峰山长江大桥

1,092 3,583 2020 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu
32°13′36.26″N 119°40′35.4″E / 32.2267389°N 119.676500°E / 32.2267389; 119.676500 (Wufengshan Bridge)
  China [116]
Qiaojia Jinsha River Bridge
巧家支线金沙江大桥
1,060 3,478 2022 YunnanSichuan   China [117]
Xintian Yangtse River Bridge
新田长江大桥
1,020 3,346 2023 Wanzhou, Chongqing
30°42′07″N 108°23′31″E / 30.70194°N 108.39194°E / 30.70194; 108.39194 (Xintian Yangtse River Bridge)
  China [118]
Baiyang Yangtse River Bridge
白洋长江大桥
1,000 3,281 2020 Yidu, Hubei
30°24′33″N 111°31′00″E / 30.40917°N 111.51667°E / 30.40917; 111.51667 (Baiyang Bridge)
  China [119]
Jiangdihe Bridge
江底河大桥
920 3,018 2023 Yunnan   China [120]
Second Namhae Bridge
제2남해대교
第2南海大橋
890 2,920 2020 Namhaedo ( South Gyeongsang Province)
34°56′34.4″N 127°51′58.6″E / 34.942889°N 127.866278°E / 34.942889; 127.866278 (Second Namhae Bridge)
  South Korea [121] [122]
Taihong Yangtse River Bridge
太洪长江大桥
808 2,651 2020 Chongqing
29°39′47.84″N 106°53′36″E / 29.6632889°N 106.89333°E / 29.6632889; 106.89333 (Taihong Yangtse River Bridge)
  China [123]
Oujiang North Bridge
瓯江北口大桥
800 2,625 2021 Wenzhou, Zhejiang
27°58′37.5″N 120°55′48″E / 27.977083°N 120.93000°E / 27.977083; 120.93000 (Oujiang North Bridge)
  China [124]
Jinshajiang Hutiaoxia Bridge

金沙江大桥(香丽高速)

766 2,513 2020 Hutiaoxiazhen ( Yunnan)

27°10′27″N 100°05′02″E / 27.17417°N 100.08389°E / 27.17417; 100.08389 (Jinshajiang Xiangli Expressway Bridge)

  China [125]
Youxi Yangtse River Bridge
油溪长江大桥
760 2,493 2022 Chongqing
29°13′29″N 106°09′18″E / 29.22472°N 106.15500°E / 29.22472; 106.15500 (Youxi Yangtse River Bridge)
  China [126]
Changshou Yangtse River Bridge
长寿长江二桥
739 2,425 2020 Changshou, Chongqing
29°46′33″N 107°0′46″E / 29.77583°N 107.01278°E / 29.77583; 107.01278 (Changshou 2nd Yangtse River Bridge)
  China [127]
Guanting Reservoir Bridge
官厅水库特大桥
720 2,362 2020 Huailai, Hebei
40°20′40.33″N 115°42′50″E / 40.3445361°N 115.71389°E / 40.3445361; 115.71389 (Guantinghu Bridge)
  China [128]
Guojiatuo Bridge [ zh]
郭家沱長江大橋
720 2,360 2021 Jiangbei & Banan, Chongqing   China [129] [130]
Honghe Jianyuan Bridge
建元高速红河特大桥
700 2,297 2020 Yuanyang ( Yunnan)

23°15′22″N 102°50′06″E / 23.25611°N 102.83500°E / 23.25611; 102.83500 (Honghe Bridge)

  China [ citation needed]
Jinshajiang Hutiaoxia Railway Bridge
金沙江大桥(丽香铁路)
660 2,165 2021 Hutiaoxiazhen ( Yunnan)

27°10′33″N 100°05′25″E / 27.17583°N 100.09028°E / 27.17583; 100.09028 (Jinshajiang Xiangli Railway Bridge)

  China [131]

Planned and proposed bridges

Name Location Main
span
Status Notes
Gibraltar Bridge Spain to Morocco Very long Proposed Some designs have suspension spans of several miles. The suspension cables of a very long bridge might be suspended from the ends of cable-stayed struts extending diagonally from huge pylons. However, as of 2008, the feasibility of a tunnel is being considered instead.
Hordfast Bjørnafjorden, Norway 5,000 m (16,000 ft) Planned The preferred solution to connect Bergen and Haugesund along E39 highway. This is probably the most difficult of the planned E39 crossings. A 5 km long floating bridge over the 550 m (1,800 ft) deep fjord is planned. The bridge must have a maximum clearance above water of 55 m like the Hardanger Bridge. Plans do not include construction start before 2030. Like some of the other E39 new technology needs to be developed inspired by offshore technology, and cost calculations are unreliable.
Sulafjord Bridge Sulafjorden, Norway 4,000 m (13,000 ft) Planned Will replace the ferry connecting Hareid and Sula, as well as being part of the national "Ferry-free E39" project. This bridge is a challenging and costly project, crossing wide and deep 450 m (1,480 ft) fjord . Sulafjorden is a part of Storfjorden, and the Sulafjord Bridge is decided instead of the Storfjord Bridge. Plans do not include construction start before 2030.
Sognebrua Sognefjorden, Norway 3,700 m (12,100 ft) Planned One of several proposals for crossing the 1,300-metre-deep (4,300 ft) fjord as part of making the E39 highway along Norway's west coast ferry-free. The bridge would utilise two towers 450 m tall and have a maximum clearance above water of 70 m. Plans do not include construction start before 2030.
Strait of Messina Bridge Sicily to mainland Italy 3,300 m (10,800 ft) Cancelled The project was cancelled on 11 October 2006 by the Romano Prodi-led government amid controversy concerning the bridge's cost. [132] The new government from 2008 led by Silvio Berlusconi wanted to pick up the project again. Preliminary works were to begin in December 2009. The main construction was expected to begin in 2012. As of February 2013, the project has again been cancelled.
Sunda Strait Bridge Java to Sumatra, Indonesia about 3,000 m (9,800 ft) Cancelled This project has been approved by the Indonesian government. If completed, it will not only be the world's longest suspension bridge (26 km), but will also have a main span of about 3,000 m (9,800 ft)—roughly fifty percent longer than the current record. [133]
Malacca Strait Bridge Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia to Sumatra, Indonesia 2,600 m (8,500 ft) Preliminary work Joint project between the Malaysian and Indonesian governments for a 48-kilometre-long (30 mi) crossing. Included is a suspension span of 2,600 m and a cable-stayed span of 1,200 m, making both longer than any existing in their category.
Edvard Grieg Bridge Halsafjord, Norway about 2,000 m (6,600 ft) Proposed The bridge will replace a ferry, and reduce the driving time between Trondheim and Molde by 34 minutes.
Mao Zedong Bridge Qiongzhou Strait, China about 2,000 m (6,600 ft) Preliminary work A suspension bridge is being considered to cross the 22.5-kilometre-wide (14.0 mi) Qiongzhou Strait. [134] One design consists of four bridges strung together with four main spans of 2,000 m, two main-spans of 1,800 m, five anchorages and 10 towers. [135] If completed this bridge will assume six of the top seven longest spans.
Julsund Bridge Julsundet, Norway 1,625 m (5,331 ft) Planned The bridge will replace a ferry, located west of Molde. Together with 16 km undersea tunnel under Romsdalsfjorden, is a part of the "ferry-free E39" project. Compared with other E39 projects, these are more known sizes and therefore more feasible. Plans say construction start will be between 2025–2030.

History of longest suspension spans

Image Bridge Location length
m (ft)
Year(s) of
longest span
Notes
Maya Bridge at Yaxchilan Mexico 62 m (203 ft) 600–1430 Hemp-rope simple suspension footbridge. Existence unproven. No longer standing.

Prior longest bridges are located in List of longest arch bridge spans Exceeded by the masonry arch Trezzo sull'Adda Bridge from 1377 to 1416, with main span of 72 m.

Old Chain-Bridge at Chaksam.jpg Chushul Chakzam Tibet 137 m (449 ft) 1430–1820 Chain suspension footbridge south of Lhasa, built by Thangtong Gyalpo. Reported by British spies to still be in use in 1878. Later (before 1904) fell into disuse after river course changed, swamping the northern end. [136] Dynamited by Chinese soldiers after the PRC incorporation of Tibet in 1950. [137]
Union Chain Bridge.jpg Union Bridge Scotland–England, UK 137 m (449 ft) 1820–1826 The oldest in the world still in use today.
Menai Suspension Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 79009.jpg Menai Suspension Bridge Wales, UK 176 m (577 ft) 1826–1834
Zähringen Bridge circa 1920.jpg Great Suspension Bridge Fribourg, Switzerland 271 m (889 ft) 1834–1849 The bridge was replaced by the Zähringen Bridge [ de] in the 1920s.
Wheeling Suspension Bridge.jpg Wheeling Suspension Bridge West Virginia, US 308 m (1,010 ft) 1849–1866 The longest deck span from 1849 until 1866, and the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in use in the United States.
Queenston-Lewiston Bridge 1915.jpg Queenston-Lewiston Bridge US and Canada 317 m (1,040 ft) 1851–1866 The longest cable span from 1851 until it was destroyed by wind in 1864. However, the road deck span was only 258 meters long.
CovingtonKY JARoeblingBridge.jpg John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge KentuckyOhio, US 322 m (1,056 ft) 1866–1869
New Suspension Bridge - Niagara Falls.jpg Niagara Clifton Bridge US and Canada 384 m (1,260 ft) 1869–1883 Replaced in 1899.
Brooklyn Bridge Postdlf.jpg Brooklyn Bridge New York City, US 486 m (1,594 ft) 1883–1903
WilliamsburgBridge1903 crop.jpg Williamsburg Bridge New York City, US 488 m (1,601 ft) 1903–1926 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges. The Forth Railway Bridge, completed in 1890, a cantilever bridge with two spans of 521 m was longer until surpassed by the Quebec Bridge in 1917.
Bear Mountain Bridge from below.jpg Bear Mountain Bridge New York, US 497 m (1,631 ft) 1924–1926 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges. The Quebec Bridge completed in 1917, a cantilever bridge with a span of 549 m was longer until surpassed in 1929 by the Ambassador Bridge.

The first suspension bridge to have a concrete deck. The construction methods pioneered in building it would make possible several much larger projects to follow.

2012 Ben Franklin Bridge and Race Street Pier.jpg Benjamin Franklin Bridge PennsylvaniaNew Jersey, US 533 m (1,749 ft) 1926–1929 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges.
Ambassador bridge in Windsor1.jpg Ambassador Bridge US and Canada 564 m (1,850 ft) 1929–1931 Since this bridge was built, the record for longest bridge span has only been held by suspension bridges.
George Washington Bridge, HAER NY-129-28.jpg George Washington Bridge New YorkNew Jersey, US 1,067 m (3,501 ft) 1931–1937 The first span longer than 1 km.
Golden Gate Bridge Clear.JPG Golden Gate Bridge California, US 1,280 m (4,200 ft) 1937–1964 Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1937 to 1964
New York City Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.jpg Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge New York City, US 1,298 m (4,259 ft) 1964–1981 Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1964 to 1981
Humber Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1516611.jpg Humber Bridge East Riding of YorkshireLincolnshire, United Kingdom 1,410 m (4,630 ft) 1981–1998 Also the longest bridge span in the world from 1981 to 1998
Akashi bridge.jpg Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge Japan 1,991 m (6,532 ft) 1998–Present The longest bridge span in the world since 1998

Sources: [138] [139] [140]

Other record-holding suspension bridges

Notes

  1. ^ Two main spans, 1,080 meters long each
  2. ^ Two main spans, 850 meters long each
  3. ^ Two main spans, 650 meters long each
Comparison of the side elevations of the List of longest suspension bridge spans and some notable bridges at the same scale. (click for interactive version)

References

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Note: Some of the information posted on the following sites may differ from that above. As of 21 February 2006, the sites were out of date or inaccurate as noted in parenthesis

Further reading

  • Podolny, Jr., Walter; Goodyear, David (2006). "Cable-suspended bridges". In Roger L. Brockenbrough (ed.). Structural steel designer's handbook : AISC, AASHTO, AISI, ASTM, AREMA, and ASCE-07 design standards (4 ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. pp. 15.13–15.16. ISBN  0071432183.—includes a list of major suspension bridges by length

External links