Jamaicans

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Jamaicans
Flag of Jamaica.svg
Total population
c. 4.4 million
2,683,707 (2011 census) [1]
Regions with significant populations
Jamaica   2,934,847 [2] [3]
United States1,100,000+ [4]
Canada300,000+ [5]
United Kingdom800,000+ [6]
The Bahamas5,572 [7]
Germany1,671 [6]
Trinidad and Tobago15,000 [6]
Australia1,092 [6]
Other~2,000–5,000 [6]

Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. Vast majority of Jamaicans are of African descent, with minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese, Middle Eastern and others or mixed ancestry. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in other Anglophone countries, namely Australia, Canada, United States and the United Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, other Caribbean countries and Commonwealth realms. Outside of Anglophone countries, the largest Jamaican diaspora community lives in Costa Rica, where Jamaicans make up a significant percentage of the population.

History

Census

According to the official Jamaica Population Census of 1970, ethnic origins categories in Jamaica include: Black; Chinese; Mixed; East Indian; White; and 'Other' (e.g.: Syrian or Lebanese). [8] Jamaicans of African descent made up 92% of the working population. Those of non-African or mixed race were the second-most prominent labour group, making up 8% of the population. [9]

Self-identified ethnic origin

Responses of the 2011 official census. [10]

Ethnic origin Population Males Females Percentage
Black 2,471,946 1,226,026 1,245,920 92.1
Chinese 5,228 2,880 2,348 0.2
Mixed 162,718 73,293 89,425 6.0
East Indian 20,066 10,491 9,575 0.7
White 4,365 2,192 2,173 0.2
Other 1,898 970 928 0.1
Not Reported 17,486 8,638 8,848 0.6
Total 2,683,707 1,324,490 1,359,217 100.0%
source [11]

Religion

Members of Christian denominations formed TBD per cent. of those who made answer to the inquiry at the last census; non-Christian sects were TBD per cent.; and those who described themselves as of no religion TBD per cent.; whilst "indefinite" religions constituted TBD per cent.

Denomination 2011 census [12]
Number Percentage
Christian
     Anglicanism 74,891
     Baptists 180,640
     Brethren 23,647
     Baptists 20,872 -
     Brethren 9,758 1.0
     Church of God in Jamaica 129,544 -
     Church of God of Prophecy 121,400 -
     New Testament Church of God{{dn|date=May 2020 192,086 -
     Other Church of God[ disambiguation needed] 246,838 -
     Jehovah's Witnesses 50,849 2.0
     Methodist 43,336 2.0
     Moravian 18,351
     Pentecostal 295,195
     Rastafarian 29,026
     Revivalist 36,296
     Roman Catholic 57,946
     Seventh-day Adventist 322,228 -
     United Church 56,360
     Baháʼí 269
     Hinduism 1,836 -
     Islam 1,513 -
Judaism 506
Other Religion/Denomination 169,014 -
Totals, specified religions 100.00
No Religion/Denomination 572,008 -
Not reported 60,326 -
Totals, Jamaica 2,683,105 100.00

Diaspora

Many Jamaicans now live overseas and outside Jamaica, while many have migrated to Anglophone countries, including over 400,000 Jamaicans in the United Kingdom, over 300,000 Canada, 800,000 in the United States.

There are about 30,000 Jamaicans residing in other CARICOM member including the Bahamas (5,600),[ citation needed] Cuba (5,000),[ citation needed] Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago. [13] There are also communities of Jamaican descendants in Central America, particularly Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Most of Costa Rica's Afro-Costa Rican and Mulatto population, which combined represents about 7% of the total population, is of Jamaican descent. [14] [15]

Notable Jamaicans

See also

References

  1. ^ 2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (Page: 72) - Jamaica
  2. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  4. ^ "2013 census". United States Census.
  5. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census – Canada". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  6. ^ a b c d e "World Migration". iom.int. 15 January 2015.
  7. ^ "The Nassau Guardian Home - The Nassau Guardian". The Nassau Guardian.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (Page: 72) - Jamaica
  9. ^ Jamaica Population Census 1970.
  10. ^ "2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (P. 72)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  11. ^ "2011 Census of Population & Housing, Population by sex and Ethnic Origin by Parish (P. 72)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  12. ^ "2011 Census of Population by Sex and Religious Affiliation/Denomination by Parish (P. 80)". issuu.com. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  13. ^ "30,000 Jamaicans residing in other CARICOM member states". caricomnews.net. Archived from the original on 2017-06-20. Retrieved 2014-04-24.
  14. ^ Schulman, Bob. "'Little Jamaica' Rocks on the Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  15. ^ Koch, Charles W. (1977). "JAMAICAN BLACKS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS IN COSTA RICA". Social and Economic Studies. Jamaica: Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies, University of the West Indies. 26 (3): 339–361. JSTOR  27861669.