Gladys Knight, in 1997
|Birth name||Gladys Maria Knight|
|Also known as||The Empress of Soul|
|Born||May 28, 1944|
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Gladys Maria Knight (born May 28, 1944), known as the "Empress of Soul",   is an American singer, songwriter, actress, businesswoman, and author. A seven-time Grammy Award-winner,  Knight is known for the hits she recorded during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s with her group Gladys Knight & the Pips, which also included her brother Merald "Bubba" Knight and cousins William Guest and Edward Patten.
Knight has recorded two number-one Billboard Hot 100 singles (" Midnight Train to Georgia" and " That's What Friends Are For"), eleven number-one R&B singles, and six number-one R&B albums. She has won seven Grammy Awards (four as a solo artist and three with the Pips) and is an inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Vocal Group Hall of Fame along with The Pips. Two of her songs (" I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and "Midnight Train to Georgia") were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for "historical, artistic and significant" value.   She also recorded the theme song for the 1989 James Bond film Licence to Kill. Rolling Stone magazine ranked Knight among the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. 
Knight was born in Atlanta the daughter of Merald Woodlow Knight Sr., a postal worker, and Sarah Elizabeth (née Woods).   She has an older sister, Brenda, one living brother, Merald "Bubba" Jr. and one deceased brother, David. Throughout the late 40's and early 50's, she would sing in the church choir. She first achieved minor fame by winning Ted Mack's The Original Amateur Hour TV show contest at the age of eight in 1952. That same year, Gladys, her brother Bubba, sister Brenda and their cousins Eleanor and William Guest began performing together during Bubba's tenth birthday party after a record player malfunctioned. Shortly afterwards, the quintet agreed to form a group under the insistence of Gladys' mother Elizabeth Knight. They settled on the name The Pips, inspired by the nickname of their cousin James "Pip" Woods. By 1955, the group began performing on the talent show circuit in their hometown of Atlanta, winning each talent show they entered. This success allowed them to get a record contract with Brunswick Records in 1957. At Brunswick, the group released two recordings that failed to chart. Despite this, the group was now opening for top recording acts such as Jackie Wilson and Sam Cooke. By 1959, Brunswick dropped the group and both Brenda Knight and Eleanor Guest left the group to begin families. They were replaced by another cousin, Edward Patten, and a friend, Langston George.
In 1961, they recorded the Johnny Otis-penned " Every Beat of My Heart". Because the group was without a record label, a local Atlanta label, Huntom Records, pushed the single and got a distribution deal with Vee-Jay Records to release the single. During this time, the group moved to New York where they auditioned for Bobby Robinson's Fury Records. Upon learning that "Every Beat of My Heart" was already becoming a hit and cutting the group out of profits, Robinson had the group re-record the song and re-release it on Fury Records. Both versions made the Billboard charts, with the Huntom/Vee-Jay version reaching number six on the Billboard Hot 100. Prior to the re-release on Fury Records, the group changed their name to Gladys Knight & the Pips.  Later in 1961, the quintet released the single, "Letter Full of Tears", which became another top 40 hit in early 1962. After a string of single releases on Fury Records Langston George left the group in 1962.  That same year Knight left the group to start a family with musician and husband Jimmy Newman. In 1964, she returned to the group, and they signed with Larry Maxwell's Maxx label, releasing several modest hits produced by Van McCoy, including the original version of " Giving Up" and "Lovers Always Forgive". Other notable songs they released on Maxx include "(There Will Never Be) Another Love", "Either Way I Lose", "Go Away, Stay Away", "Maybe Maybe Baby", ""Stop and Get a Hold of Myself", "Who Knows" and "If I Should Ever Fall in Love".
Gladys Knight & the Pips joined the Motown Records roster in 1966 (while the band had no "sure hit"),  and, although initially regarded as a second-string act by the label, scored several major hit singles, including " I Heard It Through the Grapevine" (1967) (released later by Marvin Gaye), " Take Me in Your Arms and Love Me" (1967), " The Nitty Gritty" (1969), "Friendship Train" (1969), " If I Were Your Woman" (1970), " I Don't Want To Do Wrong" (1971), the Grammy Award-winning " Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye)" (1972), and "Daddy Could Swear (I Declare)" (1973). In their early Motown career, Gladys Knight and the Pips toured as the opening act for Diana Ross and The Supremes. Gladys Knight stated in her memoirs that Ross kicked her off the tour because the audience's reception to Knight's soulful performance overshadowed her. Berry Gordy later told Knight that she was giving his act a hard time. 
The act left Motown for a better deal with Buddah Records in 1973, and achieved even greater mainstream success that year with hits such as the Grammy-winning " Midnight Train to Georgia" (#1 on the pop and R&B chart), " I've Got to Use My Imagination", "The Way We Were/Try To Remember" and " Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me". In the summer of 1974, Knight and the Pips recorded the soundtrack to the successful film Claudine with producer Curtis Mayfield, which included the songs " On and On", "The Makings of You" and "Make Yours a Happy Home". The act was particularly successful in Europe, and especially the United Kingdom. However, a number of the Buddah singles became hits in the UK long after their success in the US. For example, "Midnight Train to Georgia" hit the UK pop charts Top 5 in the summer of 1976, a full three years after its success in the U.S.
During this period of greater recognition for her, Knight debuted acting in the film, Pipe Dreams, a romantic drama set in Alaska. The film failed at the box-office, but Knight did receive a Golden Globe Best New Actress nomination.
Knight and the Pips continued to have hits until the late 1970s, when they were forced to record separately due to legal issues, resulting in Knight's first solo LP recordings—Miss Gladys Knight (1978) on Buddah and Gladys Knight (1979) on Columbia Records. After divorcing James Newman II in 1973, Knight married Barry Hankerson (uncle of future hip/hop, R&B singer Aaliyah), then Detroit mayor Coleman Young's executive aide. Knight and Hankerson remained married for four years, during which time they had a son, Shanga Ali. Hankerson and Knight became embroiled in a heated custody battle over Shanga Ali.
In 1980, Johnny Mathis invited Knight to record two duets—"When A Child Is Born" (previously a hit for Mathis) and "The Lord's Prayer".
Signing with Columbia Records in 1980 and restored to its familiar quartet form, Gladys Knight & the Pips began releasing new material. The act enlisted former Motown producers Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson for their first two albums: About Love (1980), which included the hit "Landlord" and Touch (1981).
In 1983 Gladys Knight and the Pips scored again with the hit " Save the Overtime (For Me)". The song, under the artistic direction of Leon Sylvers III (known for collaborating on Shalamar hits), was done in a soulful boogie style. The single was released from their LP "Visions" and reached number sixty-six on the Hot 100, but was more successful on the R&B where it hit number one for a single week in mid 1983. The single was the first time the group hit number one on the R&B chart since 1974. The video accompanying the song became among the earliest R&B videos to incorporate elements of hip hop culture. The album also included the R&B hit "You're Number One (In My Book)". During this period, Knight kicked a gambling addiction to the game baccarat.
In 1987 Knight decided to pursue a solo career and she and the Pips recorded their final LP together, All Our Love (1987), for MCA Records. Its infectious lead single, " Love Overboard", was a number-one R&B hit and won another Grammy for the act as well. After a successful 1988 tour, the Pips retired and Knight began her solo career. Gladys Knight & the Pips were inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame  in 1989, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame  in 1996 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2001.
While still with the Pips, Gladys Knight joined with Dionne Warwick, Stevie Wonder, and Elton John on the 1985 AIDS benefit single, " That's What Friends Are For", a triple No. 1 mega-hit, which won a Grammy for Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal.
Knight shared a stage with Patti LaBelle and Dionne Warwick for the 1986 HBO special Sisters in the Name of Love. On March 27, 1988, Knight performed a rendition of " America the Beautiful" at Wrestlemania 4 in Atlantic City, NJ. In 1989 she recorded " Licence to Kill", the title track for James bond film of the same name, a Top 10 hit in the UK and Germany.
Knight released her third and most successful solo LP, Good Woman, on MCA in 1991, which hit No. 1 on the R&B album chart, featured the No. 2 R&B hit "Men", and reached No. 45 on the main Billboard album chart—her all-time-highest showing. The album also featured " Superwoman", written by Babyface and featuring Dionne Warwick and Patti LaBelle; the track was nominated for a Grammy. Knight and LaBelle collaborated the same year on "I Don't Do Duets", for LaBelle's album Burnin'. Also in 1991, Knight performed the national anthem at Game 1 of the World Series.
In April 2004, Knight performed during the VH1's benefit concert Divas Live 2004 alongside Ashanti, Cyndi Lauper, Jessica Simpson, Joss Stone, and Patti LaBelle, in support of the Save the Music Foundation.
In the spring of 2008, Knight appeared alongside Chaka Khan, Patti LaBelle and Diana Ross at the 'Divas with Heart' concert in aid of cardiac research, at New York's Radio City Hall. Also in 2008 Gladys, Jack Black, Robert Downey Jr. and Ben Stiller performed on American Idol to raise money for charity.
In March 2010, Randy Jackson mentioned on a new episode of the same show that he is back in the studio with Gladys Knight working on a new album. In December 2010, Knight released the single "Settle".[ citation needed]
In 2013 Knight recorded the Lenny Kravitz written and produced song "You And I Ain't Nothin' No More" for the soundtrack from Lee Daniels' motion picture The Butler. The song was added to the movie's soundtrack of older songs with various artists so the producers could nominate it for Best Song from a Motion Picture category at the Academy Awards. 
Where My Heart Belongs (2014) marked her 30th top 40 R&B album, including work by Gladys Knight & the Pips.  In a 2014, interview she expressed a hope that women would "Stand Up" and stop selling sex in the music/entertainment industry. She commented that the growing trend saddened her heart and that she had been taught to dress respectfully for her audiences ... "not take it off, put it on."  Knight is ranked number eighteen on VH1 network's list of the 100 Greatest Women of Rock.
In 2019, Knight accepted an invitation to sing the national anthem at Super Bowl LIII.  She faced criticism for agreeing to perform due to the alleged blacklisting of Colin Kaepernick by the National Football League after he began protesting police brutality during pre-game anthem ceremonies.  Similar criticism was expressed against the half-time show performers, Maroon 5, Travis Scott, and Big Boi.  Knight defended her decision to sing, claiming to understand Kaepernick's reasons for protesting but criticizing him for kneeling during the national anthem.  
The UK Farewell Tour featured higher production value than previous "Gladys Knight, a mic and a light" appearances by Knight in the UK. A glossy program was available and the show featured pre-produced animation on large on-stage screens. The tour was promoted by an appearance on the TV program Later... with Jools Holland where Knight performed " If I Were Your Woman" and " Help Me Make It Through the Night".
In 1976, Knight made her acting debut as the lead in the film Pipe Dreams for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress.  In 2003, she had a small role in the movie Hollywood Homicide, which starred Harrison Ford and Josh Hartnett. In 2009, Knight was featured in Tyler Perry's I Can Do Bad All by Myself, the film version of a play he had dramatized, and performed her song "The Need To Be" from the 1974 album I Feel a Song.
In 1975, Knight starred in a variety show, The Gladys Knight and the Pips Show, which was canceled after four episodes. She also guest-starred on several TV series throughout the 1980s and 1990s, appearing on Benson, The Jeffersons, A Different World, Living Single, The Jamie Foxx Show, and New York Undercover. In 1985, she co-starred on the CBS sitcom Charlie & Co., alongside comedian Flip Wilson, which lasted for one season.
In April 2005, she portrayed a singer in an episode of JAG. In April 2009, she made a special guest appearance, and performed a song, on Tyler Perry's House of Payne. Knight has also made a number of cameo appearances, including on Las Vegas and 30 Rock. In 2012, she began a recurring role in the syndicated sitcom The First Family.
In 2012, Knight competed on season 14 of Dancing with the Stars, partnered with Tristan MacManus. They were eliminated on April 24 after losing a "dance duel" to Disney Channel star Roshon Fegan and partner Chelsie Hightower, ironically on the show's "Motown Week." 
In February 2019, she was revealed to be the Bee on The Masked Singer, in which she placed third.  She performed "Chandelier", " Locked Out of Heaven", "Wrecking Ball", "What's Love Got to Do with It", " (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman", and " I Can't Make You Love Me".
Knight's son Shanga Hankerson owns a chain of chicken and waffles restaurants based in Atlanta, bearing her name.  Gladys Knight & Ron Winans' Chicken & Waffles currently have three locations in the Atlanta area. One location was featured on the Travel Channel original series Man v. Food.  On Tuesday, June 21, 2016, authorities in Georgia raided two of the restaurants and its headquarters. WSB-TV reported that Shanga is at the center of an investigation involving unpaid taxes, penalties and interest. Georgia Department of Revenue Special Investigations Chief Jeff Mitchell told the station that the investigation solely involved Hankerson and not Knight. "Shanga's accused of stealing over $650,000 in both sales and withholding tax", Josh Waites, a special investigator, told WSB-TV. "[With] penalties and interest, it’s up to over $1 million owed." 
Knight has been married four times and has three children. At 16 years old she became pregnant and married Atlanta musician and classmate James "Jimmy" Newman in 1960.  She had a miscarriage but the couple went on to have two children. Newman became a drug addict and abandoned the family when Knight was 20, but they remained married for over 12 years until 1973.  Their son, James "Jimmy" Gaston Newman III was born on August 13, 1962.  She retired from the road to raise their child while the Pips toured on their own. In November 1963, Knight had her only daughter, Kenya Maria Newman. Later she returned to recording with the Pips in order to support her family.
In the early 1960s, Gladys, James, and the Pips moved to Detroit. Knight and her family lived on Sherbourne Road in Sherwood Forest, an upscale neighborhood on Detroit's West Side. She also resided on LaSalle Avenue for a time. Her children attended Gesu Catholic Grade School. After being separated seven years, Knight divorced Newman in 1973,  and he died only a few years later.  In 1974, Knight married Barry Hankerson (who created Blackground Records, the label that signed his niece, the late R&B singer Aaliyah, to a record deal) in Detroit. The couple had one son, Shanga Ali Hankerson, born on August 1, 1976. Around 1977, they relocated to Atlanta. (The Pips, however, remained in Detroit). Their marriage ended in 1979 with a prolonged custody battle over their son.  Knight spent over a million dollars looking for her son after he was kidnapped.  In 1995, Knight married motivational speaker Les Brown,  but they separated and divorced in 1997.[ citation needed]
Knight suffered through a gambling addiction that lasted more than a decade. In the late 1980s, after losing $60,000 in one night at the baccarat table, she joined Gamblers Anonymous, which helped her quit the habit. 
Previously a Baptist, in 1997 she was baptized into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, following her son and daughter joining the LDS church.  She had occasionally teased LDS president, the late Gordon B. Hinckley, saying his flock needed to inject some "pep" into their music.  He agreed, which resulted in the Grammy Award-winning Saints Unified Voices gospel music choir being formed. Knight later led the Be One Choir at "Be One 40th Anniversary Celebration of the Revelation on the Priesthood." 
Knight's son Jimmy Newman managed her career through his Newman Management Inc. until his death from heart failure on July 10, 1999 at age 36.  Newman was survived by his wife, Michelene; daughters Nastasia and Gabrielle; and sons Rishawn, Stefan and Sterling. 
Knight married William McDowell in 2001.  They have seventeen grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren between them.  Knight and McDowell reside in North Carolina, where they own a community center that was formerly a school attended by McDowell. 
In 2017, Knight helped raise $400,000 for the Children's Learning Centers of Fairfield County. The event was held at the Palace Theatre and was co-hosted by Carol Anne Riddell and Alan Kalter.  In September 2020, on Instagram Live, Gladys appeared alongside Patti Labelle on the latest Verzuz battle produced by Swizz Beatz and Timbaland, Knight revealed that she is actually 77 years old and that she is one year older than 76 year old Patti Labelle.
In 1996, Gladys Knight & the Pips were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. One year before, Knight had received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In 2007, Knight received the Society of Singers ELLA Award at which time she was declared the "Empress of Soul". She is listed on Rolling Stone's list of the Greatest Singers of All Time. 
- Neither One of Us (1973)
- Imagination (1973)
- Claudine (1974)
- I Feel a Song (1974)
- All Our Love (1987)
- Good Woman (1991)
- Knight, Gladys. At Home With Gladys Knight, McGraw-Hill, 2001 – ISBN 1-58040-075-2
- Knight, Gladys. Between Each Line of Pain and Glory: My Life Story, Hyperion Press, 1998 – ISBN 0-7868-8371-5
|1976||Pipe Dreams||Maria Wilson||Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress nominee|
|1993||Twenty Bucks||Mrs. McCormic|
|2003||Hollywood Homicide||Olivia Robidoux|
|2006||Holidaze: The Christmas That Almost Didn't Happen||Candie (voice)|
|2009||I Can Do Bad All by Myself||Wilma||Performed "The Need To Be" from the 1974 album I Feel a Song|
|2014||Seasons of Love||Ms. Angie||Holiday movie|
|2016||Almost Christmas||Dorothy, Shelter Director|
|1981||The Muppet Show||Herself||Season 5, episode 16|
|1983||The Jeffersons||Herself||"The Good Life" (season 9: episode 20)|
|1985–1986||Charlie & Co.||Diana Richmond||18 episodes|
|1987||CBS Schoolbreak Special||Dr. Donna Robinson||"An Enemy Among Us" (season 4, episode 7)|
|1988||A Different World||Herself||"Three Girls Three" (season 2, episode 5)|
|1994||New York Undercover||Natalie||2 episodes|
|1997||Living Single||Odelle Jones||2 episodes|
|1999||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||Chocolate||"The Bremen Town Musicians" (season 3, episode 3)|
|1997–2001||The Jamie Foxx Show||Janice King||2 episodes|
|2003||American Juniors||Herself / Judge|
|2005||JAG||Etta||"Unknown Soldier" (season 10, episode 20)|
|2008||30 Rock||Herself||"210" (season 2, episode 10)|
|2009||House of Payne||Herself||"The Talent Show" (season 5, episode 20)|
|2012–2013||The First Family||Grandma Carolyn||9 episodes|
|2018||Hawaii Five-0||Ella Grover||"Lele pū nā manu like" ("Birds of a Feather...") |
|2019||The Masked Singer||Bee/Herself||Third place|
- 1992: Essence Award for Career Achievement 
- 1995: Hollywood Walk of Fame 
- 1997: Trumpet Awards Foundation Pinnacle Award 
- 2005: BET Lifetime Achievement Award 
- 2007: NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Jazz Artist 
- 2007: Society of Singers Ella Award, also declared the "Empress of Soul"  
- 2008: BET Inaugural Best Living Legend Award 
- 2008: National Black Arts Festival Honoree at Legends Celebration 
- 2011: Soul Train Music Awards Lifetime Achievement Award[ citation needed]
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- "Gladys Knight defends singing national anthem at Super Bowl". BBC News. January 19, 2019.
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- Greene, David; Quiroz, Lilly (January 18, 2019). "Even With Rappers Set To Perform, Super Bowl's Halftime Show Remains Tone-Deaf". Morning Edition. NPR.
- Aswad, Jem (January 17, 2019).
"Gladys Knight Comments on Colin Kaepernick and Super Bowl: 'I Am Here to Give the Anthem Back Its Voice'".
'I understand that Mr. Kaepernick is protesting two things, and they are police violence and injustice,' she wrote. 'It is unfortunate that our National Anthem has been dragged into this debate when the distinctive senses of the National Anthem and fighting for justice should each stand alone. I am here today and on Sunday, Feb. 3 to give the Anthem back its voice, to stand for that historic choice of words, the way it unites us when we hear it and to free it from the same prejudices and struggles I have fought long and hard for all my life, from walking back hallways, from marching with our social leaders, from using my voice for good — I have been in the forefront of this battle longer than most of those voicing their opinions to win the right to sing our country's Anthem on a stage as large as the Super Bowl LIII.'
- "Gladys Knight Sings Super Bowl National Anthem". GRAMMY.com. February 3, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
- "AN EVENING WITH GLADYS KNIGHT". Delaware State Fiar. 2019.
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- 2006 September, Desert Saints Magazine
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- on YouTube
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