Fallon, Nevada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fallon
Maine Street in Fallon
Maine Street in Fallon
Nickname(s): 
The Oasis of Nevada [1]
Location of Fallon and Churchill County, Nevada
Location of Fallon and Churchill County, Nevada
Fallon is located in the United States
Fallon
Fallon
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°28′22″N 118°46′44″W / 39.47278°N 118.77889°W / 39.47278; -118.77889
Latitude and Longitude:

39°28′22″N 118°46′44″W / 39.47278°N 118.77889°W / 39.47278; -118.77889
Country United States
State Nevada
County Churchill
FoundedJuly 24, 1896; 124 years ago (1896-07-24)
Incorporated1908; 112 years ago (1908)
Named forMichael Fallon
Government
 • MayorKen Tedford ( R) [2]
Area
 • Total3.68 sq mi (9.53 km2)
 • Land3.68 sq mi (9.53 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,960 ft (1,207 m)
Population
 ( 2010)
 • Total8,606
 • Estimate 
(2019) [4]
8,645
 • Density2,348.55/sq mi (906.77/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
89406, 89407, 89496
Area code(s) 775
FIPS code32-24100
GNIS feature ID0840412
Website www.cityoffallon.com

Fallon is a city in Churchill County in the U.S. state of Nevada. The population was 8,606 at time of the 2010 census. [5] Fallon is the county seat of Churchill County [6] and is located in the Lahontan Valley.

History

The community was first populated during the gold rush, because multiple travelers stopped after crossing the Carson River. [7]

The town and post office were established on July 24, 1896 in a little shack belonging to Michael Fallon and Eliza Fallon, [8] who operated a ranch at the site. [9] Shortly afterwards, Jim Richards later operated a store near the post office. [10]

The town was officially incorporated in 1908. [10]

On June 16, 2019, downtown Fallon was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. [11]

Geography

Fallon is located in western Churchill County at the geographic coordinates 39°28′22″N 118°46′44″W / 39.47278°N 118.77889°W / 39.47278; -118.77889 (39.472792, -118.778826). [12] It is in the Lahontan Valley, a former lakebed into which flows the Carson River, which passes north of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Fallon has a total area of 3.65 square miles (9.45 km2), of which 3.63 square miles (9.41 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.49%, is water. [5]

Demographics

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 7,536 people, 3,004 households, and 1,877 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,474.1 people per square mile (954.0/km2). There were 3,336 housing units at an average density of 1,095.2 per square mile (422.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.5% White, 2.0% African American, 3.0% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.9% of the population.

There were 3,004 households, out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,935, and the median income for a family was $41,433. Males had a median income of $35,356 versus $22,818 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,919. About 9.5% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The city is served by the Churchill County School District. Churchill County High School is the main high school and also caters to students in rural areas outside the city. Western Nevada College has a campus in Fallon.

Fallon has a public library, the Churchill County Library. [14]

Climate

Fallon experiences a cold desert climate, with hot summers and cold winters. Due to Fallon's elevation and aridity, the diurnal temperature variation is quite substantial, especially in the summer months. Fallon's climate is quite dry, due to its location in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada. Summer days can be hot, but temperatures are cooler than in deserts such as the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan deserts, due to Fallon's altitude and higher latitude north of the equator. In the winter, daytime temperatures are usually above freezing, but nights can be bitterly cold. Fallon can experience heavy fog in winter, known as pogonip.

Climate data below were accessed via the Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) on 24 June 2020. [15]

Climate data for Fallon, NV
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
78
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
102
(39)
106
(41)
108
(42)
105
(41)
100
(38)
92
(33)
81
(27)
72
(22)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60.1
(15.6)
65.6
(18.7)
73.6
(23.1)
81.0
(27.2)
88.9
(31.6)
96.2
(35.7)
100.2
(37.9)
98.4
(36.9)
93.0
(33.9)
83.3
(28.5)
70.6
(21.4)
61.7
(16.5)
100.6
(38.1)
Average high °F (°C) 44.3
(6.8)
51.3
(10.7)
58.9
(14.9)
65.9
(18.8)
73.9
(23.3)
83.1
(28.4)
92.2
(33.4)
90.1
(32.3)
81.1
(27.3)
69.2
(20.7)
55.4
(13.0)
45.4
(7.4)
67.6
(19.8)
Average low °F (°C) 18.1
(−7.7)
23.2
(−4.9)
27.8
(−2.3)
33.9
(1.1)
41.4
(5.2)
47.9
(8.8)
54.0
(12.2)
51.4
(10.8)
43.2
(6.2)
33.8
(1.0)
24.8
(−4.0)
18.9
(−7.3)
34.9
(1.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 2.4
(−16.4)
9.2
(−12.7)
14.5
(−9.7)
20.9
(−6.2)
29.1
(−1.6)
36.0
(2.2)
43.8
(6.6)
41.4
(5.2)
31.5
(−0.3)
31.5
(−0.3)
11.2
(−11.6)
4.2
(−15.4)
−2.7
(−19.3)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−27
(−33)
1
(−17)
13
(−11)
20
(−7)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
33
(1)
21
(−6)
6
(−14)
−1
(−18)
−21
(−29)
−27
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.54
(14)
0.54
(14)
0.46
(12)
0.51
(13)
0.60
(15)
0.43
(11)
0.16
(4.1)
0.22
(5.6)
0.28
(7.1)
0.41
(10)
0.38
(9.7)
0.48
(12)
5.01
(127.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.8
(4.6)
0.9
(2.3)
0.8
(2.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.5
(1.3)
1.3
(3.3)
5.7
(14.51)
Source: WRCC [16]
Historical population
Census Pop.
1900741
19101,753136.6%
19201,7580.3%
19301,9118.7%
19402,40025.6%
19502,73413.9%
19602,9598.2%
19704,26244.0%
19806,43851.1%
19907,53617.1%
20008,60614.2%
20108,6060.0%
Est. 20198,645 [4]0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

Nuclear weapons testing

Los Alamos National Laboratory, in conjunction with the Department of Defense, conducted an underground nuclear test 28 miles (45 km) southeast of Fallon at 5 p.m. on October 26, 1963. Named Project Shoal, the 12.5- kiloton detonation was part of the Vela Uniform program. The device exploded at a depth of 1,205 feet (367 m) below ground surface. [18] The site is located in Gote Flat in the Sand Springs Range.

Access to the Project Shoal Area is unrestricted. [18] Access to the area is by Highway 50, Nevada Highway 839, then to an improved gravel road to the site.

In popular culture

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "About Fallon". Fallon Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Mayor's Office - City of Fallon". City of Fallon. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fallon city, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American actfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "Fallon | Loneliest Road in America, Nevada's Highway 50". Retrieved 2020-05-28.
  8. ^ Carlson, Helen S. (1985). Nevada place names : a geographical dictionary. Reno: University of Nevada Press. p. 111. ISBN  978-0-87417-094-8.
  9. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1941). Origin of Place Names: Nevada (PDF). W.P.A. p. 11.
  10. ^ a b "All About Fallon!". Fallon Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2020-05-28.
  11. ^ Resources, Department of Conservation and Natural. "Downtown Fallon listed in the National Register of Historic Places". www.nevadaappeal.com. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Nevada Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  15. ^ "FALLON EXP STN, NEVADA - Climate Summary". wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  16. ^ https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?nv2780
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Remediation Project Shoal Area, Nevada Division of Environmental Protection". Archived from the original on 2009-03-23.
  19. ^ imdb.com
  20. ^ 'Former Assemblyman John Carpenter Dies,' Elko Daily Free Press, Marianne Kobak McKown, November 21, 2016
  21. ^ "St. Louis Lineman Called for Holding Yells, "That's Not Fucking Holding!" into Ref's Open Mic, and then It Gets Weird".
  22. ^ ""The Last of the Old-Time Cowboys": Interview with Georgie Sicking, Fallon, Nevada, August 22, 1992". americanfolk.com. Retrieved January 30, 2014.

References

External links