E Line (Los Angeles Metro)

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E Line
LACMTA Circle E Line.svg
Metro Expo Line Culver City Station 2012-10-24.JPG
Overview
Other name(s)Expo Line (2012–2019)
Owner  Metro (LACMTA)
Line number806
Termini Downtown Santa Monica
7th Street/Metro Center
Stations19
Website Expo Line
Service
Type Light rail
System Los Angeles Metro Rail
Rolling stockTrains run in 2–3 car consists
Daily ridership61,957 (October 2018; avg. weekday) [1]
History
OpenedApril 28, 2012; 8 years ago (2012-04-28)
CompletedMay 20, 2016; 4 years ago (2016-05-20)
Technical
Line length15.2 mi (24.5 km) [2]
Number of tracks2
CharacterMostly at-grade in private right-of-way, with some underground, street-running, elevated, and trench sections.
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
( standard gauge)
Electrification750  V  DC overhead catenary ( overhead rigid rail; Flower tunnel only) [3]
Operating speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Route map

Atlantic
East L.A. Civic Center
Maravilla
Indiana
Soto
Mariachi Plaza
Pico / Aliso
Little Tokyo/Arts District
Historic Broadway
Grand Av Arts/Bunker Hill
7th Street/Metro Center
A Line  B Line  D Line  J Line 
Pico
A Line  J Line 
LATTC/Ortho Institute
J Line 
Jefferson/USC
Figueroa Tunnel
Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
Expo/Western
Expo/Crenshaw
Crenshaw/LAX Line  (2021)
Farmdale
Expo/La Brea
La Cienega/Jefferson
Ballona Creek
Culver City
Palms
Westwood/Rancho Park
Expo/Sepulveda
Expo/Bundy
26th Street/Bergamot
17th Street/
Santa Monica College
Downtown Santa Monica

Handicapped/disabled access all stations accessible
Detailed diagram
showing all crossings
(2022)
7th Street/
Metro Center
A Line  B Line  D Line  J Line 
A Line  J Line 
Pico
J Line  LATTC/Ortho Institute
Flower Street
Jefferson/USC
Flower Street trench
Exposition Boulevard trench
Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
Exposition Boulevard
Expo/Western
Arlington Avenue
7th Avenue
11th Avenue/
Degnaue Boulevard
(2021) Crenshaw/LAX Line  Expo/Crenshaw
Buckingham Road
Farmdale
Farmdale Avenue
Expo/La Brea
Hauser Boulevard
La Cienega/Jefferson
Jefferson Boulevard
Los Angeles
Culver City
Ballona Creek
National Boulevard
Washington Boulevard
Culver City
SR 187 (Venice Boulevard)
Bagley Avenue
National Boulevard
Palms
Motor Avenue
Northvale trench
Overland Avenue
Westwood/Rancho Park
Westwood Boulevard
Military Avenue
Expo/Sepulveda
Sawtelle Boulevard
Pico Boulevard/
Gateway Boulevard
Barrington Avenue
Expo/Bundy
Centinela Avenue
Division 14 OMSF
Stewart Street
26th Street/Bergamot
26th Street
Cloverfield Boulevard
Olympic Boulevard
20th Street
19th Street
17th Street/
Santa Monica College
Colorado Avenue
Downtown Santa Monica

The E Line (formerly the Expo Line) is a 15.2 mi (24.5 km) light rail line that runs between Downtown Los Angeles and Santa Monica. It is one of the six lines in the Metro Rail system, and is operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro). The line opened in 2012.

The E Line largely follows the right-of-way of the former Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line. Passenger service ended in 1953; freight-only service ended by March 1988. Several E Line stations are built in the same location as Air Line stations, although no original station structures have been reused. [4]

Originally named the Expo Line after Exposition Boulevard, which it runs alongside for most of its route, [5] [6] the line was renamed the E Line in late 2019, while retaining the aqua coloring and icons used to designate it on maps. [7] When the Regional Connector is complete in 2022, the current E Line will be joined with the Eastside portion of the former Gold Line to create an extended E Line, which will be colored gold on maps. [8]

Route and stations of the E Line, relative to other Metro lines. Under construction or planned segment are shown as dashed lines.

Service

Hours of operation

The E Line operates from approximately 4:30 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. on weekdays and until 2:30 a.m. on Fridays and Saturdays. [9]

Headways

As of December 2016, trains run approximately every 6 minutes during peak hours, every 12 minutes during middays, every 10 minutes during the evening, and every 20 minutes after midnight.

Speed

Maximum speed on the route is 55 mph (89 km/h): speeds within Downtown Los Angeles and Downtown Santa Monica are reduced. [10]

History

Steam train and horsecar in Santa Monica, 1894
Dash sign for Pacific Electric trains, c.1911-1953

The E Line largely follows right of way used by the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad steam railroad, built in 1875, [11] which was converted by Pacific Electric to electric traction and operated as the Santa Monica Air Line by 1920, [12] providing both freight and passenger service between Los Angeles and Santa Monica. Passenger service ended in 1953, and freight service stopped in 1988. [13]

Local advocacy groups including Friends 4 Expo Transit [14] supported the successful passage of Proposition C in 1990, which allowed the purchase of the entire right-of-way from Southern Pacific by Metro. In 2000, an urban art group known as Heavy Trash placed signs advertising a fictional "Aqua Line". The signs, with the text "Coming Soon", showed a subway route extending along Wilshire to the ocean, with 10 station stops. Although the campaign was a hoax, it demonstrated newfound support and revealed the frustrations surrounding the lack of rail service connecting Santa Monica and the Westside with Downtown Los Angeles. [15][ non-primary source needed] Metro released a Major Investment Study in 2000 which compared bus rapid transit and light rail transit options along what was now known as the "Mid-City/Exposition Corridor". [16]

Construction

An independent agency, the Exposition Metro Line Construction Authority, was given the authority to plan, design and construct the line by state law in 2003. After construction of the second phase was completed, the line was handed over on January 15, 2016, to the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. [17]

The line was built in two phases; the first phase comprised the 8.6-mile (13.8 km) [2] [18] section between Downtown Los Angeles and Culver City. Construction began in early 2006 and most stations opened to the public on April 28, 2012. [18] [19] The Culver City and Farmdale stations opened on June 20, 2012. [18] [20]

Design and construction on the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) [2] portion between Culver City and Santa Monica started in September 2011. Testing along the phase 2 segment began on April 6, 2015, [21] and the segment opened on May 20, 2016. [22]

Proposed developments

Regional Connector Transit Project

The Regional Connector is an under-construction light-rail subway corridor through Downtown Los Angeles that is to connect the current A and E Lines to the current L Line, and to allow a seamless one-seat ride between the A and E Lines' current 7th Street/Metro Center terminus and Union Station. [23]

Once the Regional Connector is completed, the A, E, and Gold L will be simplified into two rail lines: a north-south line connecting Long Beach and Azusa, and an east-west line connecting Santa Monica and East Los Angeles.

In 2019, Metro began using a renaming system where each rail and bus rapid transit line receives a letter and color. As a result, the Expo Line became the E Line in 2019, and will be recolored from aqua to gold upon completion of the Regional Connector. [24] [25] [8]

The groundbreaking for the project took place on September 30, 2014, and the alignment is expected to be in public service by mid 2022. [26]

Eastside Transit Corridor

The Eastside Transit Corridor is a project to extend from the former L Line's terminus at Atlantic station eastward to Lambert station in Whittier. Partially funded by Measure M, construction is programmed to start in 2029 with service beginning in 2035, [27] though the project may be accelerated for the 2028 Summer Olympics.

Station listing

Interior of a westbound train, first day of operation to Culver City

The following is the complete list of stations from Downtown Los Angeles traveling west.

Station Date opened City/Neighborhood Major connections and notes [28] [29]
7th Street/Metro Center February 15, 1991 Los Angeles
( Downtown Los Angeles)
Connects with   A Line,   B Line,   D Line and   J Line
Pico July 14, 1990 Connects with   A Line and   J Line
LATTC/Ortho Institute April 28, 2012 Los Angeles
( North University Park)
Connects with   J Line
Jefferson/USC
Expo Park/USC Los Angeles
( Exposition Park)
Expo/Vermont
Expo/Western
Expo/Crenshaw Los Angeles
( Jefferson Park)
Park and ride: 450 stalls
Farmdale June 20, 2012 Los Angeles
( Baldwin Hills)
Expo/La Brea April 28, 2012
La Cienega/Jefferson Park and ride: 494 stalls
Culver City June 20, 2012 Culver City
Palms May 20, 2016 Los Angeles ( Palms)
Westwood/Rancho Park Los Angeles ( Rancho Park)
Expo/Sepulveda Los Angeles ( West Los Angeles) Park and ride: 260 stalls
Expo/Bundy Park and ride: 217 stalls
26th Street/Bergamot Santa Monica
17th Street/Santa Monica College Park and ride: 65 stalls
Downtown Santa Monica

Operations

Maintenance facilities

Previously, the light rail vehicles used on the E Line were maintained at the division 11 yard in Long Beach, California, the same maintenance facility that is used by the A Line. However, the new division 14 yard, located east of Stewart Street and north of Exposition Boulevard [30] in the vicinity of the 26th Street/Bergamot station in Santa Monica, was opened with the completion of Phase 2.

Rolling stock

Compatible with the rest of Metro's light-rail network, the E Line shares standard Metro light rail vehicles ( Nippon Sharyo P2020, Siemens P2000, and Kinki Sharyo P3010) with the Blue Line. Metro estimates that it has 47 light rail cars to provide service on the E Line under the peak-hour assumption of 3-car trains running at 6-minute headways.

Bikeway

The E Line Bikeway parallels the route of the light rail line, and includes a mixture of bike lanes on Exposition Boulevard and off-street paths alongside the rail tracks. [31]

Incidents

  • On November 29, 2018, a pedestrian was struck and killed. The man had been attempting to cross the tracks. [32]
  • On January 15, 2019, a passenger fell from the platform, between the cars, and was dragged to death. They "have not yet been able to identify the individual as pieces of the victim’s body are spread out." [33]

References

  1. ^ "Ridership Statistics". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Expo Line project fact sheet" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Chen, Anna (July 30, 2019). "Installing new overhead conductor rail in DTLA". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  4. ^ Hawthorne, Christopher (May 20, 2016). "Why the Expo Line to Santa Monica marks a rare kind of progress in American cities". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
  5. ^ Epstein, Joel (April 12, 2016). "How the Expo Line Got to Santa Monica". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  6. ^ "The Guide to the Metro Expo Line: Downtown L.A. to Santa Monica". Discover Los Angeles. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  7. ^ http://media.metro.net/documents/line-806_1571341545.pdf
  8. ^ a b Fonseca, Ryan (September 25, 2019). "Ignore Those 'Line A' Signs. Metro's Blue Line Will Reopen As The 'A Line'". laist.com. Southern California Public Radio. Archived from the original on September 26, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  9. ^ "Expo line timetable" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 23, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  10. ^ Hymon, Steve (November 22, 2011). "Our first ride on the Expo Line". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  11. ^ “First Train of the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad”. Volume 5, Number 20. © Los Angeles Herald, 1875. Newspaper. Los Angeles Herald. October 19, 1875.
  12. ^ "Santa Monica Air Line". Electric Railway Historical Association of Southern California.
  13. ^ Morgenthaler, Anne (March 14, 1988). "End of the Line: The last train out of SM blows a final whistle". Santa Monica Outlook.
  14. ^ "The Expo Line". friends4expo.org. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  15. ^ "Heavy Trash: Aqua Line". Retrieved October 11, 2010.
  16. ^ "Mid City Westside Transit Draft EIS/EIR: 1.0 History, purpose and need" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  17. ^ "About Expo Overview". Archived from the original on August 7, 2017.
  18. ^ a b c "L.A. Metro – Facts at a Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  19. ^ Weikel, Dan; Bloomekatz, Ari (April 27, 2012). "Expo Line launches rail service push to Westside". LA Times. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  20. ^ "Two more Expo Line stations to open June 20". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
  21. ^ Nunez, Jennifer (April 9, 2015). "Testing begins on LA Expo Line phase 2". International Railway Journal. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  22. ^ Zeller, Heidi (March 30, 2015). "Art for the Expo Line: installation at Expo/Sepulveda Station". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  23. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Corridor (project website)". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 19, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  24. ^ "PowerPoint: Metro staff proposal to rename rail and BRT lines". TheSource. Steve Hymon. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  25. ^ "LA Metro Could Switch Rail Line Names From Colors To Letters". Curbed Los Angeles. Curbed Staff. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  26. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (May 12, 2019). "L.A. Metro's downtown subway project may not open until mid-2022". LA Times. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  27. ^ Hymon, Steve (November 8, 2016). "Measure M project descriptions". Metro. The Source. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  28. ^ "Metro E Line (Expo)". www.metro.net. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  29. ^ "Metro Parking Lots by Line". www.metro.net. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  30. ^ Hymon, Steve (March 21, 2012). "Expo Line Maintenance Facility". The Source. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro). Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  31. ^ Kavanagh, Gary (December 2013). "State of Expo Phase II Bikeway Corridor, & the Biggest Remaining Concerns". Santa Monica Next. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
  32. ^ "Expo Line Train Fatally Hits Pedestrian Near USC". Daily Trojan. November 29, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  33. ^ Hall, Matthew (January 15, 2019). "Train Kills Pedestrian at 17th Street Station". Santa Monica Daily Press. Retrieved August 19, 2019.

External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata