Dooly County, Georgia
Dooly County Courthouse in Vienna
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||May 15, 1821|
|Named for||John Dooly|
|• Total||397 sq mi (1,030 km2)|
|• Land||392 sq mi (1,020 km2)|
|• Water||5.3 sq mi (14 km2) 1.3%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||38/sq mi (15/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 ( Eastern)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC−4 ( EDT)|
Dooly County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,918.  The county seat is Vienna.  The county was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on May 15, 1821 and named for Colonel John Dooly,  a Georgia American revolutionary war fighter. It was one of the original landlot counties created from land ceded from the Creek Nation.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles (1,030 km2), of which 392 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (1.3%) is water.  The county is located in the upper Atlantic coastal plain region of the state.
The western two-thirds of Dooly County, from west of Unadilla south to Pinehurst, then to the southeastern corner of the county, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The northeastern and eastern portion of Dooly County is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The very southeastern corner of the county is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. 
- Houston County - northeast
- Pulaski County - east
- Wilcox County - southeast
- Crisp County - south
- Sumter County - west
- Macon County - northwest
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2019 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 11,525 people, 3,909 households, and 2,767 families living in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 4,499 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 45.97% White, 49.54% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 4.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,909 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.10% were married couples living together, 20.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 109.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,980, and the median income for a family was $35,337. Males had a median income of $26,670 versus $19,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,628. About 18.00% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.50% of those under age 18 and 21.20% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,918 people, 5,286 households, and 3,576 families living in the county.  The population density was 38.1 inhabitants per square mile (14.7/km2). There were 6,328 housing units at an average density of 16.1 per square mile (6.2/km2).  The racial makeup of the county was 49.9% black or African American, 45.6% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population.  In terms of ancestry, 8.9% were American, and 8.7% were English. 
Of the 5,286 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families, and 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 40.0 years. 
The median income for a household in the county was $31,038 and the median income for a family was $39,622. Males had a median income of $36,344 versus $27,557 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,871. About 21.0% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under age 18 and 22.3% of those age 65 or over. 
The Big Pig Jig, Georgia's official State Barbecue Cooking Championship, is held annually in Fall in Dooly County and attracts a national audience. The county is also notable for cotton and peanut production.
Dooly County Elementary School Dooly County Middle school Dooly County High School http://www.dooly.k12.ga.us/
- Fullington Academy http://www.fullingtonacademy.com/
- John Dooly after whom the county was named
- Rooney L. Bowen, Georgia businessman and politician
- George Busbee, governor of Georgia
- Walter F. George, U.S. Senator
- Jody Powell, press secretary and aide to Jimmy Carter
- Roger Kingdom, Olympic gold medalist in track and field
- David Ragan, NASCAR driver
- Keith Mumphery, NFL player
- Julian Webb, judge on the Georgia Court of Appeals and member of the Georgia State Senate.
- Maurice Cobb President of Teamsters Local 528
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- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
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- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Georgia.gov Dooly County history
- GeorgiaInfo Dooly County Courthouse info
- Dooly County historical marker