Construction workers wearing reflective vests, hard hats, and other protective clothing at a work site in New York City.
The term is a broad, generic one and most such workers are primarily described by the specific level and type of work they perform. For example, labourers carry out a wide range of practical tasks to help tradespersons on construction sites. They clean the construction site on a regular basis using tools such as rakes, shovels, and wheelbarrows to remove rubble, scraps of metal, and wood. They might also need to sweep out certain areas and put building supplies in order.
Construction safety is intended to ensure a safe environment for workers, who are required to be educated on safety at each site. 
In 2008, a Human Rights Watch report described unsafe and unfair working conditions in China and a failure on the part of the government to enforce labor standards in the construction industry.  The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimated that, at the end of 2006, 90% of the 40 million construction workers in China were migrant workers. Many turned to work after their farming communities collapsed into poverty. 
In the United States, illegal immigrant labor is prevalent in the industry. Due to workers' questionable legal status, some employers commit crimes such as wage theft and violation of workplace standards litte risk of consequences.  Similar abuse occurred in Qatar during preparations for the 2022 FIFA World Cup where workers mostly from poor countries in the Indian Sub-continent work in desert conditions for as little as €6.20 a day. 
- "Construction worker definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
- "hardhat". Wordnik.com.
- Gambatese, John A.; Hinze, Jimmie W.; Haas, Carl T. (1997-01-01). "Tool to Design for Construction Worker Safety". Journal of Architectural Engineering. 3 (1): 32–41. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1076-0431(1997)3:1(32). ISSN 1076-0431.
- Richardson, Sophie, ed. (12 March 2008). One Year of My Blood: Exploitation of Migrant Construction Workers in Beijing (Technical report). Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "Construction Booming In Texas, But Many Workers Pay Dearly". National Public Radio (NPR). 2013.
- "Qatar construction workers earn 55c an hour". Irish Times. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
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