Claremont Colleges

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The Claremont Colleges
Former name
Claremont University Consortium (until 2017 [1])
Type Private consortium
Established1925 (1925) [2]
Founder James Blaisdell
CEOStig Lanesskog [2]
StudentsApprox. 8500 [3]
Location, ,
United States

34°06′07″N 117°42′43″W / 34.102°N 117.712°W / 34.102; -117.712
Campus Suburban, 546 acres (221 ha) [3]
Nickname Pomona-Pitzer Sagehens
Claremont-Mudd-Scripps Stags and Athenas
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IIISCIAC
Website www.claremont.edu
The Claremont Colleges logo.png

The Claremont Colleges (known colloquially as the 7Cs) are a consortium of seven highly selective private institutions of higher education located in Claremont, California, United States. They comprise five undergraduate colleges (the 5Cs) — Pomona College, Scripps College, Claremont McKenna College (CMC), Harvey Mudd College, and Pitzer College — and two graduate schools — Claremont Graduate University (CGU) and Keck Graduate Institute (KGI). All of the members except KGI have adjoining campuses that together cover roughly 1 square mile (2.6 km2).

The consortium was founded in 1925 by Pomona College president James A. Blaisdell, who proposed a collegiate university design inspired by Oxford University. He sought to provide the specialization, flexibility, and personal attention commonly found in small colleges, but with the resources of a large university. [4] Today, the consortium has roughly 7700 students and 3600 faculty and staff, and offers more than 2000 courses every semester. [5]

The colleges share a central library, campus safety services, and other resources managed by The Claremont Colleges Services (TCCS). Among the undergraduate schools, there is significant social interaction and academic cross-registration, but each college still maintains a distinct identity. For the Class of 2020 admissions cycle, four of the five most selective liberal art colleges in the U.S. by acceptance rate were among the Claremont Colleges, and the remaining college, Scripps, had the second lowest acceptance rate among women's colleges. [6] The Fiske Guide to Colleges has called the consortium "a collection of intellectual resources unmatched in America". [7] [8]

Colleges

Claremont Colleges
1
Pomona College (1887)
2
Scripps College (1926)
3
Claremont McKenna College (1946)
4
Harvey Mudd College (1955)
5
Pitzer College (1963)
6
Claremont Graduate University (1925)
7
Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences (1997)
8
Claremont School of Theology (founded 1885)

The five undergraduate colleges are:

The two graduate universities are:

Shared facilities, programs, and resources

Each college is independent in that, for example, students receive their general education degrees from the one college in which they are enrolled, and administration and admissions departments are independent. On the other hand, students can opt to major in other Claremont Colleges campus if that major is not offered by their home campus. The seven-institution Claremont Colleges system is supported by The Claremont Colleges Services (TCCS), which provides centralized services, such as a library, student health, financial and human resources, telecommunications, risk management, real estate, physical plant maintenance, and other services, for those colleges.

Shared facilities include the Libraries of the Claremont Colleges, Campus Safety, the Tranquada Student Services Center (which houses Baxter Medical Center, Monsour Counseling Center, and the Health Education Outreach), McAlister Center (home of the Office of the Chaplains and the Claremont Card Center), EmPOWER Center (which works to address sexual violence), the Rick and Susan Sontag Center for Collaborative Creativity (The Hive), the Huntley Bookstore, all dining facilities, and several sports facilities. The Claremont Colleges Library is an example of the level of cooperation in terms of support services. The size of the library collection ranks third among the private institutions in California, behind only Stanford and USC. [9]

Shared academic departments include the Intercollegiate Women's Studies Center, the Intercollegiate Department of Chicano Studies, the Intercollegiate Department of Asian American Studies, the Intercollegiate Department of Africana Studies (formerly Black Studies), The Intercollegiate Department of Religious Studies, the Intercollegiate Department of Media Studies, and the Five-College Theater Department, The Claremont Center for the Mathematical Sciences, and Thatcher Music Department at Pomona College.

Shared intercollegiate programs include the European Union Center of California, the Chicano/ Latino Student Affairs Center, the Office of Black Student Affairs, the Office of the Chaplains, Hillel, and the Queer Resource Center, and 11 research institutes at Claremont Mckenna College.

In addition, three of the Claremont Colleges— Claremont McKenna College, Pitzer College, and Scripps College&mdash share a single science program. These three colleges pool their resources to create the largest academic department in Claremont, the Joint Science Department. Many research projects and courses utilize the Robert J. Bernard Field Station, an 86-acre (35 ha) natural area which consists principally of the rare Coastal Sage Scrub ecosystem.

Clubs are open to students from all the undergraduate colleges. The Student Life, the largest student newspaper at the 5Cs, covers all five schools and publishes a weekly print edition as well as online content. KSPC 88.7 FM is the non-profit community radio station associated with the Claremont Colleges. Students from the colleges host KSPC shows and help run the station.

History

Before the idea of the Claremont Colleges, Pomona College was founded in 1887. [10] Pomona began after a group of congregationalists envisioned a “New England-type” college on the West Coast. [10] Pomona College relocated to Claremont, California after the college acquired an unfinished hotel in Claremont. [10] And 23 years later, James A. Blaisdell became president of Pomona. Though in 1923, Pomona College faced a problem. [10] The school's population was growing. Thus, Pomona either had to go against their ideals of expanding or limit the amount of growth at the college. James Blaisdell developed a different option. He advised the college chose to form a consortium of differentiated small colleges, modeled after Oxford and Cambridge. In October 1923, President James A. Blaisdell of Pomona College wrote to Ellen Browning Scripps describing a vision of educational excellence he had for the future Claremont Colleges:

I cannot but believe that we shall need here in the South [of California] a suburban educational institution of the range of Stanford. My own very deep hope is that instead of one great undifferentiated university, we might have a group of institutions divided into small colleges — somewhat on the Oxford type — around a library and other utilities which they would use in common. In this way I should hope to preserve the inestimable personal values of the small college while securing the facilities of the great university. Such a development would be a new and wonderful contribution to American education. Now the thing which would assure this future institution to Southern California is land ... It is now or never. To save the needed land for educational use seems to me to guarantee to Southern California one of the great educational institutions of America. Other hands through the centuries will carry on the project and perfect it. But never again can there come so fundamental a service as this. [11] [12]

The start of the Claremont Colleges came in 1925 with the addition of a graduate school, now known as Claremont Graduate University. [13] The college was originally known as Claremont College and began to function in 1927. [13] The second addition came in 1926 when Ellen Browning Scripps founded Scripps College. [14] Scripps College allowed Ellen Browning Scripps to put-forth her plan of a school which offered women access to a higher education, to better their professional careers and to better their personal lives. [15] Scripps College officially opened in 1927. [14] In 1946, 86 students and 7 faculty members formed the fourth institution of the Claremont Colleges, known as Claremont McKenna College. [16] CMC was formed as a fully male undergraduate school until women were admitted in 1976. [16] In 1955, Harvey Mudd College became the fifth institute in the consortium. [17] HMC was founded by Harvey Seeley Mudd, a former chairman of the Board of Fellows of Claremont College. [17] He envisioned an undergraduate college in the consortium that focused its education in science and engineering. In 1963, Pitzer College joined the Claremont Colleges. [18] Pitzer was founded as a college for woman focusing in economics, social sciences and behavioral sciences college. [18] Later in 1970, Pitzer enrolled 80 men. [18] The school was named after Russell K. Pitzer, an important benefactor in the development of the institution. [18] The final and seventh college to join the consortium was Keck Graduate Institute. [19] KGI was founded in 1997 after a $50 million donation from W.M. Keck Foundation. [19] The graduate school focuses on post-graduate biomedical applications. [19] Alongside the institutions, Claremont College Services was founded on July 1, 2000. [20] The Claremont College Services provides educational support to all the institutions in the consortium. [20] Specifically, TCCS aids in projects of group planning, establishment of new institutions into the consortium and hold expansion lands. [20]

Athletics

Pomona College and Pitzer College compete together as the Pomona-Pitzer (PP) Sagehens. [21] Claremont McKenna College, Harvey Mudd College and Scripps College also compete together as the Claremont-Mudd-Scripps (CMS) Stags (for male teams) and Athenas (for female teams). [22] The teams participate in NCAA Division III in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SCIAC). In the Division III Final Standings for the 2016-2017 year, Claremont-Mudd-Scripps ranked 4th nationally, while Pomona-Pitzer ranked 29th; they were the top two performers in the SCIAC. [23]

Club and intramural sports

In addition to the Stags/Athenas and the Sagehens, there are several 5C club sports teams.

The roller hockey club, the Claremont Centaurs, won the Division 3 Championship of the West Coast Roller Hockey League in 2009–2010, 2010–2011, and 2011–2012.

The men's and women's rugby union both attended Division II Nationals in 2004 and 2006, and the men's team won the Division II national championship in 2010.

The women's ultimate team reached Nationals in 2004, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, and won the tournament in 2012, and the men's ultimate frisbee were 2008 Southern California Sectional champions and 2011 Division III National champions.

Other club sports offered at the 5Cs include men's lacrosse, field hockey, crew, and cycling.

In popular culture

The Claremont Colleges are referenced in Max Brooks's 2006 apocalyptic horror novel World War Z, in which the students at the colleges hold off 10,000 zombies by fortifying Scripps's walled campus. Brooks is an alumnus of Pitzer.

References

  1. ^ "Claremont University Consortium Is Changing Its Name". The Claremont Colleges Services. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b "CEO Welcome". The Claremont Colleges Services. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "The Claremont Colleges". www.claremont.edu. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  4. ^ James A. Blaisdell, the creator of the Claremont Colleges, declared in 1923 "My own very deep hope is that instead of one great, undifferentiated university, we might have a group of institutions divided into small colleges—somewhat of an Oxford type—around a library and other utilities which they would use in common. In this way, I should hope to preserve the inestimable personal values of the small college, while securing the facilities of the great university."
  5. ^ "The Claremont Colleges". Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Ivy League Admissions Stats & Acceptance Rates, Class of 2020". Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  7. ^ "About CUC". claremont.edu.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-13. Retrieved 2011-05-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link) The Claremont Difference
  9. ^ "History of The Claremont Colleges". claremont.edu.
  10. ^ a b c d "A Brief History of Pomona College". Pomona College in Claremont, California - Pomona College. 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  11. ^ CUC Land Use Statement
  12. ^ Robert J. Bernard. An Unfinished Dream: A Chronicle of the Group Plan of the Claremont Colleges. The Castle Press. 1982. pg. 702
  13. ^ a b "CGU History - Claremont Graduate UniversityClaremont Graduate University". Claremont Graduate University. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  14. ^ a b "About Scripps College | College Timeline". www.scrippscollege.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  15. ^ en:Scripps_College, oldid 875659345[ circular reference]
  16. ^ a b "History of the College". cmc.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  17. ^ a b "History of Harvey Mudd College". Harvey Mudd College. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  18. ^ a b c d "History | About | Pitzer College". About Pitzer College. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  19. ^ a b c "Overview". Keck Graduate Institute. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  20. ^ a b c "History of the Colleges". The Claremont Colleges Services - About. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  21. ^ "The Athletic Program". Archived from the original on 2009-01-24.
  22. ^ "CMS Quick Facts". prestosports.com.
  23. ^ "2016-17 Learfield Directors' Cup Division III Final Standings" (PDF).

External links


Latitude and Longitude:

34°06′07″N 117°42′43″W / 34.102°N 117.712°W / 34.102; -117.712