Bedford County, Virginia
Bedford County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Named for||John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford|
|• Total||769 sq mi (1,990 km2)|
|• Land||753 sq mi (1,950 km2)|
|• Water||16 sq mi (40 km2) 2.1%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||89/sq mi (34/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 ( Eastern)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC−4 ( EDT)|
|Congressional districts||5th, 6th|
Bedford County is a United States county located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its county seat is the town of Bedford, which was an independent city from 1968 until rejoining the county in 2013. 
Bedford County was created in 1753 from parts of Lunenburg County, and several changes in alignment were made until the present borders were established in 1786. The county was named in honor of John Russell, an English statesman and fourth Duke of Bedford.
Bedford County was established by European Americans on December 13, 1753 from parts of Lunenburg County. Later in 1756, a portion of Albemarle County lying south of the James River was added. The county is named for John Russell, the fourth Duke of Bedford, who was a Secretary of State of Great Britain.  In 1782, Campbell County was formed from eastern Bedford County and the county seat was moved from New London to Liberty (now Bedford). Also in 1786, the portion of Bedford County south of the Staunton (Roanoke) River was taken with part of Henry County to form Franklin County.
The town of Bedford became an independent city in 1968, and remained the county seat. On September 14, 2011, the Bedford City Council voted to transition into a town, ending its independent city status. The supervisors of Bedford County also voted to accept the town of Bedford as part of the county when it loses city status. The town of Bedford once more became part of Bedford County on July 1, 2013. 
- Rockbridge County – north
- Amherst County – northeast
- Lynchburg, Virginia – east (independent city)
- Campbell County – southeast
- Pittsylvania County – south
- Franklin County – southwest
- Roanoke County – west
- Botetourt County – northwest
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2013 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 60,371 people, 23,838 households, and 18,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 people per square mile (31/km²). There were 26,841 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.18% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.2% were of American, 15.6% English, 11.0% German and 9.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 23,838 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.40% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population's age distribution was: 24.00% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $43,136, and the median income for a family was $49,303. Males had a median income of $35,117 versus $23,906 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,582. About 5.20% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2017, the largest self-reported ancestry groups were: 
- English - 16.5%
- American - 14.3%
- German - 13.3%
- Irish - 11.3%
- Italian - 3.0%
- Scots-Irish - 2.7%
- Scottish - 2.6%
- District 1: Mickey M. Johnson (R)
- District 2: Edgar Tuck (I)
- District 3: Charla Bansley (R)
- District 4: John Sharp (R)
- District 5: Tommy W. Scott (R)
- District 6: Bob W. Davis (R)
- District 7: Tamara F. "Tammy" Parker (R)
- Clerk of the Circuit Court: Judy Reynolds (R)
- Commissioner of the Revenue: Julie Creasy (R)
- Commonwealth's Attorney: Wes Nance (R)
- Sheriff: Michael Miller (R)
- Treasurer: Kim Snow (R)
Bedford County is represented by Republicans David R. Suetterlein (19th District) and Stephen D. "Steve" Newman (23rd District) in the Virginia Senate; Republicans Terry L. Austin (19th District), Kathy J. Byron (22nd District) and Wendell S. Walker (23rd District) in the Virginia House of Delegates; and Republicans Denver Riggleman (VA 5th District) and Ben Cline (VA 6th District) in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Historically, Bedford County was an agricultural economy. While agriculture is still an important factor in the county's economy, Bedford County has significant residential development to serve Lynchburg, Roanoke, and Smith Mountain Lake. Tourism and retail are also becoming more significant with some new industry near Forest and New London.
Bedford voted for George Wallace, an Independent for President in 1968.
- Beale ciphers, the key to a supposed treasure buried somewhere in the county and which has attracted treasure hunters since the 19th century
- National D-Day Memorial
- Peaks of Otter
- Poplar Forest
- Smith Mountain Lake
- Bedford Museum & Genealogical Library
- Colonel Chaffin (1826 – April 1873), little person who toured the United States and was billed as the "Virginia Dwarf". 
- Erik Estrada (born March 16, 1949), an American actor, voice actor, and subsequent Bedford County deputy sheriff, known for his co-starring lead role in the police drama television series, CHiPs, which ran from 1977 to 1983.
- Carl Overstreet, (1929-2015) first U2 pilot to fly over Soviet Air Space 
- Thomas Jefferson had a summer retreat in Bedford County called " Poplar Forest".
- James P. Ownby (1845–1906), Illinois state representative; was born in Bedford County. 
- Lacey Putney was born and raised in Bedford County, VA.
- Jerry Falwell Jr, Liberty University President, lives in Bedford County on a farm. 
- Sam Sloan, book publisher, lives in Bedford County and attended Boonsboro School Elementary School and High School in Bedford County
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Bedford County, Virginia
- Bedford Public Library System
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Salmon, edited by Emily J.; Campbell, Jr, Edward D.C. (1994). The Hornbook of Virginia History : a ready-reference guide to the Old Dominion's people, places, and past (4th ed.). Richmond: Library of Virginia. ISBN 0884901777.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list ( link)
- Faulconer, Justin. "Bedford Reversion to Town Becomes Official Today". The News and Advance. newsadvance.com. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/17_5YR/DP02/0500000US51019[ permanent dead link]
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Wood, Edward J. Giants and Dwarfs, p. 442-43 (1868)
- "Remembering Carl Overstreet". www.cia.gov. June 9, 2016. Archived from the original on October 21, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- 'Directory of the Legislature of Illinois of 1895,' Biographical Sketch of James Polk Ownby, pg 61
- "Biography of Jerry Falwell - About Liberty - Liberty University". www.liberty.edu. Archived from the original on May 7, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Geographic data related to Bedford County, Virginia at OpenStreetMap
- Bedford Area Chamber of Commerce's website
- Bedford County government's website
- Bedford Genealogical Society's website