Batesburg-Leesville, South Carolina

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Batesburg-Leesville, South Carolina
Nicknames: 
B-L, The Twin Cities
Location of Batesburg-Leesville within South Carolina.
Location of Batesburg-Leesville within South Carolina.
Coordinates: 33°55′N 81°33′W / 33.917°N 81.550°W / 33.917; -81.550
Latitude and Longitude:

33°55′N 81°33′W / 33.917°N 81.550°W / 33.917; -81.550
CountryUnited States
State South Carolina
Counties Lexington, Saluda
Government
 •  Mayor Lancer Shull
Area
 • Total 8.29 sq mi (21.48 km2)
 • Land8.20 sq mi (21.23 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation
643 ft (196 m)
Population
 ( 2010)
 • Total5,362
 • Estimate 
(2019) [2]
5,415
 • Density660.77/sq mi (255.11/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 ( EST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29006, 29070
Area code(s) 803, 839
FIPS code45-04300 [3]
GNIS feature ID1692657 [4]
Website http://www.batesburg-leesville.org

Batesburg-Leesville is a town in Lexington and Saluda counties, South Carolina United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town's population was 5,385 in 2018, [5] up from 5,362 at the 2010 census.

History

The town of Batesburg-Leesville was formed in 1992 by the consolidation of the towns of Batesburg and Leesville. [6] Batesburg was "named for Captain Tom Bates, a prominent citizen of the community and a captain in the War between the States." Leesville was "named for Colonel John W. Lee, a prominent resident of the community." [7]

Hartley House (1830) located on U.S. Highway One across from the old Batesburg Graded School

The D. D. D. Barr House, Batesburg Commercial Historic District, Simon Bouknight House, Cartledge House, Cedar Grove Lutheran Church, Church Street Historic District, Broadus Edwards House, Hampton Hendrix Office, Hartley House, Henry Franklin Hendrix House, Thomas Galbraith Herbert House, J.B. Holman House, A.C. Jones House, Leesville College Historic District, Crowell Mitchell House, McKendree Mitchell House, Mitchell-Shealy House, Old Batesburg Grade School, John Jacob Rawl House, Rawl-Couch House, Southern Railway Depot, and Rev. Frank Yarborough House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [8] [9]

Batesburg's Southern Railway Depot (1900) now located in the Wilson Street Park

In February 1946, Sergeant Isaac Woodard, a black World War II veteran, was removed from a bus in Batesburg and severely beaten by local police officers, including Chief Lynwood Shull. The assault left Woodard completely and permanently blind. Woodard was traveling home by Greyhound bus after being honorably discharged from Camp Gordon in Augusta, Georgia, the bus driver having reported Woodard to local police in Batesburg-Leesville after a verbal argument between the two. Due to South Carolina's reluctance to pursue the case, President Harry S. Truman ordered a federal investigation. The sheriff, Lynwood Shull, was indicted and went to trial in federal court in South Carolina, where he was acquitted by an all-white jury. Such miscarriages of justice by state governments influenced a move towards civil rights initiatives at the federal level. Truman subsequently established a national interracial commission, made a historic speech to the NAACP and the nation in June 1947 in which he described civil rights as a moral priority, submitted a civil rights bill to Congress in February 1948, and issued Executive Orders 9980 and 9981 on June 26, 1948, desegregating the armed forces and the federal government. The attack was the subject of radio commentaries by Orson Welles in July and August 1946. [10] [11]

In early 2018, the Town of Batesburg-Leesville, along with Town Attorney Christian Spradley, Police Chief W. Wallace Oswald, and Mayor Lancer Shull (no relation to Linwood Shull[ citation needed]), reopened the Woodard case to consider dismissing the 1946 charges. During a regular term of municipal court on June 5, 2018, the Woodard case was reopened and the charges were dismissed[ citation needed] by Town Judge Robert Cook. A permanent historic plaque now stands on the corner of West Church Street and Fulmer Street in old Batesburg commemorating the civil rights incident at the site of the original police station. [12]

Leesville United Methodist Church (1909) on U.S. Highway One
Former Batesburg Graded School (1912) on U.S. Highway One
Barr-Price Funeral Home (1909) - Part of the Leesville College Historic District

Law and government

Batesburg-Leesville is served by a council-manager style government. The town employs approximate 60 full-time employees, and 35 volunteer firefighters. The town will operate from a $7.4 million budget in Fiscal Year 2018-2019. [13]

Mayor

Batesburg-Leesville's Mayor is Lancer Shull. [14]

Town Council

The town council [14] comprises eight elected council persons representing single-member districts. The current council members are:

  • District 1: Cynthia Etheredge
  • District 2: Olin Gambrell
  • District 3: Steve Cain
  • District 4: Johnnie Mae Speech-Lemon
  • District 5: Shirley E. Mitchell
  • District 6: Paul Wise
  • District 7: Jason Prouse
  • District 8: Bob Hall

Administration

William Theodore "Ted" Luckadoo is the town manager and oversees the day-to-day administrative functions of the town. Ted was named the third town manager of consolidated Batesburg-Leesville in 2014. Jason "Jay" Hendrix was named the Assistant Town Manager on August 8, 2019. [15]

Fire Department

The Batesburg-Leesville Fire Department [16] consists of two stations, five career staff members and 41 volunteer firefighters as of September 2019. The two stations are located in each of the historic business districts and represent their origins as they are still identified as the Batesburg station and the Leesville station. The department boasts an Insurance Services Office Class 3/3B rating.

  • Fire Chief: Josh Frye
  • Assistant Chief: Shane Summer
  • Assistant Chief: John Gall
  • Captain: Bobby Hallman
  • Lieutenant: Chris Hallman
  • Lieutenant: Dustin Crapps
  • Training Officers: Jason Herbert and Davey Taylor

Economy

Historic Leesville Business District - Main Street
Historic Batesburg Business District - Oak Street

Top employers

The top employer in Batesburg-Leesville is Lexington County School District Three with four different schools and a district office. The next is Ansaldo STS, which has a 184,000-square-foot (17,100 m2) manufacturing facility.

Poultry industry

The town's economic dependence on poultry harvesting is apparent due to the presence of two large processing plants: Amick Farms and Columbia Farms. These assist in making Lexington County the top poultry producer in the state.

Poultry Festival

The South Carolina Poultry Festival (formerly the Ridge Poultry Festival) has been on the second Saturday in May since 1987. The festival features live music, food vendors, craft vendors, a carnival, a parade, and to conclude the event a cake auction and fireworks show.

Education

Public schools

The public school system in Batesburg-Leesville is administered by Lexington County School District Three,[ citation needed] which consists of:

  • Batesburg-Leesville Primary School [1] (grades K-2)
  • Batesburg-Leesville Elementary School (grades 3-5)
  • Batesburg-Leesville Middle School (grades 6-8)
  • Batesburg-Leesville High School (grades 9-12)

All sports teams associated with School District Three use a panther as their mascot. The Panthers' colors are purple, gold, and blue.

Historic public schools

The Batesburg-Leesville Primary School opened in 1984. At that time the district began operating just four schools, as they consolidated smaller, older schools into the new school. Historical schools which closed in 1984 included Hampton Elementary School (1954), Utopia Elementary School (1953), Leesville Elementary School and Batesburg Primary School.

The Batesburg-Leesville Elementary School opened 1996 and replaced the Old Batesburg Grade School [2] which had served the fourth and fifth grades and now serves as the Lexington School District Three Administrative Office. The new school allowed third grade to be shifted from the B-L Primary School to the new Elementary School give the current school breakdown by grade.

The Batesburg-Leesville Middle School opened in 1999. This led to the closing of the old middle school campus which had originally been built as Batesburg-Leesville High School in 1921 with numerous additions through the years.

The Batesburg-Leesville High School opened in 1975. The new school was built on the former Summerland College campus on Summerland Avenue. The construction of a new school had been spurred by integration and student population increases. With integration a former building of Summerland College was used as a middle school in the early 1970's but a fire heavily damaged the building and eventually sped up the construction of the new high school. The first class to graduate in Panther Stadium was the class of 1976.

Prior to racial integration statewide, the local African-American students attended Twin-City High School and Hampton School. Twin-City High School was located on Maple Street in Batesburg where the Twin-City High School Park is now located. The park is owned by the Twin-City Alumni Association. The original two-story wooden Hampton School (1922) was replaced in 1954 by a single story brick structure on South Lee Street in Leesville. The original wooden building was subsequently torn down, but a marker remains under a large tree in the parking lot of Friendship Baptist Church on South Lee Street. Other "colored" schools included Leesville Colored Primary School and Batesburg-Saluda Colored School.

There were other older schools which had closed previously to include Delmar School which was located a few miles outside of town. View the Delmar School historical marker at [3]. More photographs of these old school buildings may be seen at SC School Insurance Photos 1935-50.

Private schools

W. Wyman King Academy and the Ridge Christian School are both private, nondenominational Christian schools accepting students in grades K-12.

Colleges and universities

In 2008, Midlands Technical College opened a new Batesburg-Leesville satellite campus in the Leesville Historic District. The campus is within the boundaries of the Leesville College Park at the intersection of Main Street and College Street.

The City of Columbia, S.C., approximately 30 miles away, features numerous four-year colleges and universities, including the University of South Carolina, as well as such private institutions as Columbia College (South Carolina), Benedict College, Columbia International University, and Allen University. The University of South Carolina Aiken is another four-year public university located about 30 miles to the west in Aiken, South Carolina. Newberry College is a four-year private college located about 30 miles to the north in Newberry, South Carolina.

Additionally, Midlands Technical College has numerous two-year campuses within Lexington and Richland counties in addition to the Batesburg-Leesville location. Piedmont Technical College is another two-year college located in nearby towns of Saluda, South Carolina and Newberry, South Carolina.

Historic colleges

Leesville College Park and old classroom building, summer 2018
  • Leesville College, 1890-1911, originally called the Leesville English and Classical Institute (1881-1890). The Haynes Auditorium (built 1883) in the Leesville College Historic District at the intersection of Main Street and College Street was the original classroom building. Two neighboring houses were the college President's House and Dormitory. The two homes were a single building during the college days and known as Salisto Hall (a modifier combining the name of two neighboring rivers, Saluda and Edisto). The school was said to have been the first in the state to include practical and technical training in its curriculum, to have a girls' basketball team, to teach tennis and to teach higher mathematics to females. A.B. degrees were granted after four years of Latin, two years of French or German, mathematics, natural science, history, English, philosophy, and Greek. A Master's Degree was offered for a year of post-graduate work. There were departments of music, arts, commercial law, bookkeeping, typing, and one devoted to the Pitman system of shorthand. [17]
  • Summerland College, 1912-30. Originally known as Summerland Resort, this property was converted to an all-female college of the Lutheran Church in 1912. It was located on the site of the current Batesburg-Leesville High School. It was closed after the 1930 school year and then consolidated with the all-male Newberry College.

Library

Batesburg-Leesville has a public library, a branch of the Lexington County Library. [18]

Media

Newspapers

Batesburg-Leesville is served weekly by The Twin-City News, which specifically focuses on local news, as well as that from immediately surrounding areas (mostly Gilbert and Monetta). It minimizes national or world news. The Twin-City News was established in 1925 and is Batesburg-Leesville's oldest continuously-operating business.

The town is also served by The State newspaper, which circulates amid most of the state.

In 2007, Lexington County Chronicle and The Dispatch-News began appearing at town stores and business to complement their subscribers in the area. This newspaper covers all county governments, state, national, and international news, to the extent such news concerns Lexington County residents.

Radio

Batesburg-Leesville has only one radio station transmitting from within its borders, WBLR 1430 AM. However, Batesburg-Leesville is in range of several radio stations broadcasting from the surrounding areas, including:

  • WBLR 1430 AM - Spanish Christian - Batesburg-Leesville, SC (simulcast on 103.3 FM Batesburg-Leesville, SC)
  • WYFV 88.7 FM - Christian - Cayce, SC
  • WMHK 89.7 FM - Christian - Columbia, SC
  • WUSC 90.5 FM - University of South Carolina - Columbia, SC
  • WLTR 91.3 FM - Classical/NPR - Columbia, SC
  • WKSX 92.7 FM - Easy Listening - Johnston, SC
  • WZMJ 93.1 FM - All-Time Favorites - Lexington, SC
  • WARQ 93.5 FM - New Rock - Columbia, SC
  • WWNQ 94.3 FM - Country - Columbia, SC
  • WLTY 96.7 FM - Variety - Columbia, SC
  • WCOS 97.5 FM - Country - Columbia, SC
  • WLXC 98.5 FM - R&B/Soul - Lexington, SC
  • WWDM 101.3 FM - R&B/Soul - Columbia, SC
  • WBBQ 104.3 FM - "Top 40" - Augusta, GA
  • WNOK 104.7 FM - "Top 40" - Columbia, SC
  • WEKL 105.7 FM - Classic rock - Augusta, GA
  • WTCB 106.7 FM - "Top 40" - Columbia, SC
  • WNKT 107.5 FM - Sports Talk - Columbia, SC

Television

Over-the-air channels receivable in Batesburg-Leesville include:

  • WJBF - Channel 6 - Augusta, GA
  • WRDW-TV - Channel 12 - Augusta, GA
  • WOLO-TV - Channel 25 ( ABC Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WFXG - Channel 54 - Augusta, GA
  • WLTX - Channel 19 ( CBS Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WACH - Channel 57 ( Fox Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WIS-TV - Channel 10 ( NBC Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WRLK-TV - Channel 35 - Columbia, SC

Alternatively, digital cable providers Time Warner Cable and Pond Branch Telecommunications collectively cover the majority of the greater Batesburg-Leesville area.

Geography

Batesburg-Leesville is located at 33°54′35″N 81°32′03″W / 33.909767°N 81.534296°W / 33.909767; -81.534296 (33.909767, -81.534296). [19]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.2 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (19.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (1.21%) is covered by water.

Batesburg-Leesville is located along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line which separates the Piedmont region from the Coastal Zone. Historically, U.S. Route 1 followed this line, and it presently separates the north and south sides of the duel town. Typically in this vicinity, the Piedmont area has a clay soil surface, while the Coastal Zone is sandy.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880286
189052884.6%
190097183.9%
19101,995105.5%
19202,84842.8%
19302,839−0.3%
19402,9333.3%
19503,1698.0%
19603,80620.1%
19704,0366.0%
19804,023−0.3%
19904,0821.5%
20005,51735.2%
20105,362−2.8%
2019 (est.)5,415 [2]1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [20]

As of the U.S. Census [3] of 2000, there were 5,517 people, 2,167 households, and 1,482 families residing in the town. The population density was 751.4 people per square mile (290.2/km2). There were 2,446 housing units at an average density of 333.2 per square mile (128.7/km2).

The racial makeup of the town was 52.82% White, 45.66% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the local population.

There were 2,167 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,865, and the median income for a family was $40,040. Males had a median income of $32,447 versus $22,196 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,078. About 16.1% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Notable figures who were born in, lived in, or are otherwise associated with Batesburg-Leesville include:

Actors

  • The Petri Dish Brothers, a bizarre comedy duo originally hailing from Poland.
  • Andromeda Sarzzy, two-time Emmy Award-winning actress, born in Charleston, SC. Andromeda relocated to Batesburg-Leesville in 1946 at the age of 5. She moved to Hollywood at the age of 14, and the rest is history.

Athletes

Authors, educators

  • Dr. and Prof. Lodwick C. Hartley, 1906-1979, author and educator. Hartley, from Batesburg, graduated from Batesburg-Leesville High School in 1923. He received a B.A. from Furman University in 1927, an M.A. from Columbia University in 1928, and a Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1937. He joined the North Carolina State University (then N.C. State College of Agriculture and Engineering) faculty as an assistant professor in 1929. He became an associate professor in 1939, and head of the English Department in 1940. He would remain in this position until his retirement in 1971. He authored more than a dozen books, including Plum Tree Lane, which was loosely based on his youth in Batesburg from 1906 to 1918. He died on July 2, 1979, and is buried in the Batesburg Cemetery. [22] [23] [24]
  • Dr. Prezell R. Robinson, 1920-present, educator. Robinson, from Batesburg, attended Twin-City High School in Batesburg before graduating through Voorhees College's high school department and junior college. He would then serve in the United States Army during World War II. He would then earn a B.A. degree at St. Augustine's University (Raleigh, North Carolina) and a Master's degree and a doctorate in rural education and rural sociology-economics at Cornell University. He would eventually become a professor of sociology at St. Augustine. Eventually, he became a dean and then President of St. Augustine in 1967. He would retire in 1995 after 28 years as President. During his career he was recognized in 1992 by President George H.W. Bush when he appointed him to serve as an alternate delegate to the United Nations General Assembly. He would serve as Vice-Chairman of the North Carolina State Board of Education and has served on the United Negro College Fund UNCF, the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, the International Association of University Presidents and the Board of Trustees of Voorhees College. He was presented the Star of Africa, Liberia's second highest award and has received ten honorary degrees, from leading college and universities including his alma maters, Voorhees College and St. Augustine. Since retirement Robinson has been bestowed with the title of President Emeritus by the Board of Trustees of Saint Augustine College. Was recognized in 1998 as part of the South Carolina African-American History Calendar. [25]

Musicians

  • Linda Martell (born Thelma Bynem in Leesville), was an American rhythm and blues and country music singer. In 1969 she had a top-25 hit with "Color Him Father," and became the first African-American singer to perform at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville. The next year she attained television fame on The Bill Anderson Show and Hee Haw. After making 11 more appearances at the Grand Ole Opry, she ceased singing in 1974. [26] Following her music career she would work in the local schools in Batesburg-Leesville as an educator.

Political

Civil rights

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Batesburg-Leesville town, South Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  6. ^ "Batesburg-Leesville". Retrieved 2020-05-17.
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1941). Palmetto Place Names. Sloane Printing Co. p. 23 and 64.
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  9. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/15/10 through 11/19/10. National Park Service. 2010-11-26.
  10. ^ Poston, Ted (17 July 1946). "Ask US to Probe Negro Vet's Blinding by Carolina Cops". New York Post. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  11. ^ https://www.stripes.com/civil-rights-historians-tell-little-known-story-of-wwii-vet-1.529594
  12. ^ http://batesburg-leesville.org/sgt-isaac-woodard-historical-marker-dedication
  13. ^ "FY 2018-2019 Budget" (PDF). Town of Batesburg-Leesville.
  14. ^ a b "Mayor and Council - Town of Batesburg Leesville". batesburg-leesville.org. Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  15. ^ "Office Of Town Manager". The Town of Batesburg-Leesville. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  16. ^ http://batesburg-leesville.org/fire-department
  17. ^ http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/lexington/S10817732027/S10817732027.pdf
  18. ^ "Locations & Hours". Greenville County Library System. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  19. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  20. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  21. ^ http://www.cnlbr.org/Portals/0/Players%20Register/I-L%202018-04.pdf
  22. ^ https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/findingaids/mc00082
  23. ^ https://d.lib.ncsu.edu/collections/catalog/0226727#?c=&m=&s=&cv=&xywh=-3322%2C0%2C10259%2C5519
  24. ^ https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/04195/
  25. ^ https://scafricanamerican.com/honorees/prezell-russell-robinson/
  26. ^ https://blackamericaweb.com/2020/03/26/little-known-black-history-fact-linda-martell/

External links