Avarua

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Avarua
Town
Ara Maire Nui, the main street in Avarua
Ara Maire Nui, the main street in Avarua
Location of Avarua (star)
Location of Avarua (star)
Districts and tapere of Rarotonga
Districts and tapere of Rarotonga
Coordinates: 21°12′25″S 159°46′15″W / 21.20694°S 159.77083°W / -21.20694; -159.77083
Latitude and Longitude:

21°12′25″S 159°46′15″W / 21.20694°S 159.77083°W / -21.20694; -159.77083
Country Cook Islands
Island Rarotonga
Population
 (2016)
 • Total4,906
Time zone UTC−10:00 (CKT)
Area code(s) +682
Climate Af

Avarua (meaning "Two Harbours" in Cook Islands Māori) is a town and district in the north of the island of Rarotonga, and is the national capital of the Cook Islands.

The town is served by Rarotonga International Airport ( IATA Airport Code: RAR) and Avatiu Harbour.

The population of Avarua District is 4,906 ( census of 2016). [1]

Sub-districts

CICC church
Main street of Avarua looking towards the Bank of the Cook Islands (BCI) building

The town and district of Avarua is subdivided into 18 tapere (traditional sub-districts) out of 54 for Rarotonga[ citation needed], grouped into 6 Census Districts, listed from west to east. Census figures are not available on the tapere level, but only for the so-called Census Districts, [2] also listed from west to east: [3]

  1. Nikao-Panama (1,373 inhabitants), covering the taperes of:
    1. Pokoinu,
    2. Nikao (seat of Cook Islands parliament), and
    3. Puapuautu;
  2. Avatiu-Ruatonga (951 inhabitants), covering the taperes of:
    1. Areanu,
    2. Kaikaveka,
    3. Atupa,
    4. Avatiu (commercial port), and
    5. Ruatonga;
  3. Tutakimoa-Teotue (314 inhabitants), covering the tapere of:
    1. Tutakimoa;
  4. Takuvaine-Parekura (786 inhabitants), covering the taperes of:
    1. Tauae (inward from Tutakimoa, the only Tapere without a coastline)
    2. Takuvaine ( downtown Avarua, seat of Cook Islands government, with Avarua fishing harbour)
  5. Tupapa-Maraerenga (531 inhabitants), covering the taperes of:
    1. Ngatipa, and
    2. Vaikai;
  6. Pue-Matavera (1,490 inhabitants), covering the taperes of:
    1. Tapae-I-Uta,
    2. Pue,
    3. Punamaia,
    4. Kiikii, and
    5. Tupapa.

Climate

Avarua has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification with high temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. [4] Although there are no true wet or dry seasons, there is a noticeably wetter stretch from December to April.

Climate data for Avarua
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
29.1
(84.4)
29.1
(84.4)
28.3
(82.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.3
(77.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
27.2
(81.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.4
(77.7)
23.7
(74.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.3
(72.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.4
(75.9)
25.2
(77.4)
24.2
(75.5)
Average low °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.4
(74.1)
23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.0
(69.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(66.9)
19.7
(67.5)
19.9
(67.8)
20.7
(69.3)
21.7
(71.1)
22.4
(72.3)
21.4
(70.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 256
(10.1)
229
(9.0)
219
(8.6)
246
(9.7)
199
(7.8)
128
(5.0)
112
(4.4)
141
(5.6)
138
(5.4)
121
(4.8)
171
(6.7)
246
(9.7)
2,206
(86.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org

References

  1. ^ Hassall, Graham; Tipu, Feue (28 April 2008). "Local Government in the South Pacific Islands". Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance (1): 7–29. doi: 10.5130/cjlg.v1i0.766. Retrieved 2 May 2017 – via epress.lib.uts.edu.au.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-08-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  3. ^ P.H. Curson: "Population Change in the Cook Islands - The 1966 Population Census". In: New Zealand Geographer, Vol. 28, 1972, pp. 51-65, map p.52
  4. ^ [1], Climate Avarua, Climate-Data.org

External links