Atlanta Public Schools

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Atlanta Public Schools
130 Trinity Avenue Southwest
Atlanta, GA 30303-3694

United States
Coordinates 33°44′54″N 84°23′29″W / 33.748401°N 84.391485°W / 33.748401; -84.391485
Latitude and Longitude:

33°44′54″N 84°23′29″W / 33.748401°N 84.391485°W / 33.748401; -84.391485
District information
Motto"Making a Difference"
GradesPre-school - 12
SuperintendentDr. Lisa Herring
Students and staff
Students54,946 [2]
Staff3,860 [2]
Other information
First Lady Michelle Obama visits Burgess-Peterson Academy, February 9, 2011.

Atlanta Public Schools (APS) is a school district based in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It is run by the Atlanta Board of Education with superintendent Dr. Lisa Herring.The system has an active enrollment of 54,956 students, attending a total of 103 school sites: 50 elementary schools (three of which operate on a year-round calendar), 15 middle schools, 21 high schools, four single-gender academies and 13 charter schools. The school system also supports two alternative schools for middle and/or high school students, two community schools, and an adult learning center.

The school system owns the license for, but does not operate, the radio station WABE-FM 90.1 (the National Public Radio affiliate) and the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) public television station WPBA 30.


The Atlanta Board of Education establishes and approves the policies that govern the Atlanta Public School system. The board consists of nine members, representing six geographical districts, [3] and three "at-large" districts. One person is elected per district to represent the schools in a given district for a four-year term. Under the provisions of the new board charter, approved by the Georgia Legislature in 2003, board members elect a new chairman and vice chairman every two years. The day-to-day administration of the school district is the responsibility of the superintendent, who is appointed by the board. [4]

School board members

  • District 1 - Leslie Grant
  • District 2 - Aretta Baldon
  • District 3 - Michelle Olympiadis
  • District 4 - Nancy Meister
  • District 5 - Erica Mitchell
  • District 6 - Eshe' Collins (Vice-Chair)
  • Seat 7 - Kandis Wood Jackson
  • Seat 8 - Cynthia Briscoe Brown
  • Seat 9 - Jason Esteves (Chair)

APS leadership

2020-2021 school year

  • Dr. Lisa Herring, Ed.D., Superintendent
  • Steve Smith, Associate Superintendent
  • Karen Waldon, Deputy Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction
  • Lisa Bracken, Chief Financial Officer
  • D. Glenn Brock, General Counsel (Nelson, Mullins, Riley & Scarborough LLP)
  • Larry Hoskins, Deputy Superintendent for Operations
  • Alexis Kirijan, Ed.D., Chief Strategy Officer
  • Tony Hunter, Chief Information Officer
  • Ron Price, Chief Human Resources Officer


High schools

Middle schools

Inman Middle School in the Virginia-Highland neighborhood

Elementary schools

  • Adamsville Elementary School
  • Barack & Michelle Obama Academy (formerly DH Stanton Elementary)
  • Beecher Hills Elementary School
  • Benteen Elementary School
  • Bethune Elementary School
  • Bolton Academy
  • Boyd Elementary School
  • Brandon Elementary School
  • Burgess/Peterson Elementary School
  • Cascade Elementary School
  • Centennial Place Elementary School
  • Cleveland Avenue Elementary School
  • Connally Elementary School
  • Continental Colony Elementary School
  • Deerwood Academy
  • Dobbs Elementary School
  • Dunbar Elementary School
  • Fain Elementary School
  • Fickett Elementary School
  • Finch Elementary School
  • Frank Lebby Stanton Elementary School
  • Fred A. Toomer Elementary School
  • Flat Rock Elementary School
  • Garden Hills Elementary School
  • Gideons Elementary School
  • Grove Park Intermediate Elementary School
  • Harper-Archer Elementary School
  • Heritage Academy
  • Hope-Hill Elementary School
  • Humphries Elementary School
  • Hutchinson Elementary School
  • Jackson Elementary School
  • Kimberly Elementary School
  • M. Agnes Jones Elementary School
  • Mary Lin Elementary School
  • Miles Elementary School
  • Morningside Elementary School
  • Oglethorpe Elementary School
  • Parkside Elementary School
  • Perkerson Elementary School
  • Peyton Forest Elementary School
  • Pine Ridge Elementary School
  • Rivers Elementary School
  • Sarah Smith Elementary School
  • Scott Elementary School
  • Slater Elementary School
  • Springdale Park Elementary School
  • Sycamore Elementary school
  • Thomasville Heights Elementary School
  • Towns Elementary School
  • Bazoline E. Usher Collier Heights Elementary School
  • Venetian Hills Elementary School
  • West Manor Elementary School
  • Whitefoord Elementary School
  • Woodson Primary Elementary School

Non-traditional schools

Single-gender academies


Evening school programs

  • Adult Literacy Program

Charter schools


Former schools

High schools

  • Boys High School, 1872-1947
  • Charles Lincoln Harper High School, 1963-1995
  • Commercial High School, 1888-1947
  • Daniel O'Keefe High School, 1947-1973
  • David T. Howard High School, 1945-1976
  • East Atlanta High School, 1959-1988
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt High School, 1947-1985
  • Fulton High School, 1915-1994
  • Girls High School, 1872-1947
  • Harper-Archer High School, 1995-2002
  • Henry McNeal Turner High School, 1951-1990 [12]
  • Hoke Smith High School, 1947-1985
  • Joseph Emerson Brown High School, 1947-1992
  • Luther Judson Price High School, 1954-1987
  • North Fulton High School, 1920-1991
  • Northside High School, 1950-1991
  • Samuel Howard Archer High School, 1950-1995
  • Southwest High School, 1950-1981
  • Sylvan Hills High School, 1949-1987
  • Tech High Charter School, 2004-2012
  • Technological "Tech" High School, 1909-1947
  • Walter F. George High School, 1959-1995
  • West Fulton High School, 1947-1992
  • William A. Bass High School, 1948-1987
  • William F. Dykes High School, 1959-1973

Middle schools

  • Austin T. Walden Middle School
  • Central Junior High School
  • Daniel O'keefe Middle School, 1973-1983
  • Henry McNeal Turner Middle School, 1989-2010
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy Middle School
  • Marshall Middle School
  • Sammye E. Coan Middle School
  • Walter Leonard Parks Middle School
  • West Fulton Middle School, 1992-2004
  • CW Long Middle School

Elementary schools

  • Adair Park Elementary School
  • Anderson Park Elementary School
  • Anne E. West Elementary School
  • Arkwright Elementary School
  • Ben Hill Elementary School
  • Blair Village Elementary School
  • Blalock Elementary School
  • Burgess Elementary School
  • C.D. Hubert Elementary School, renamed Atlanta Tech High in 2004
  • Capitol View Elementary School
  • Caroline F. Harper Elementary School
  • Center Hill Elementary School
  • Chatthoochee Elementary School
  • Clark Howell Elementary School
  • Collier Heights Elementary School
  • Cook Elementary School
  • Dean Rusk Elementary
  • D.F. McClatchey Elementary School
  • East Lake Elementary School
  • Edmond Asa Ware Elementary School
  • Edwin P. Johnson Elementary School
  • Emma Clarissa Clement Elementary School
  • English Avenue Elementary School
  • Evan P. Howell Elementary School
  • Fountain Elementary School
  • Fowler St. Elementary School
  • Harwell Elementary School
  • Herndon Elementary School
  • Home Park Elementary School
  • I.N. Ragsdale Elementary School
  • Joel Chandler Harris Elementary School
  • John B. Gordon Elementary school
  • John Carey Elementary School
  • John F. Faith Elementary, renamed C.D. Hubert in 1963
  • John P. Whittaker Elementary School
  • Jonathan M. Goldsmith Elementary School
  • Lakewood Elementary School
  • Laura Haygood Elementary School
  • Lee Street Elementary School
  • Luckie Street Elementary School
  • Margaret Mitchell Elementary School
  • Minnie S. Howell Elementary School
  • Moreland Ave. Elementary School
  • Mount Vernon Elementary School
  • North Ave. Elementary School
  • Oglethorpe Elementary School
  • Peeples Street Grammar School
  • Riverside Elementary School
  • Rockdale Elementary School
  • Rosalie Wright Elementary School
  • Slayton Elementary School
  • Spring Street Elementary School
  • Sylvan Hills Elementary School
  • Thomas Jefferson Guice Elementary School
  • Walker Street Elementary School
  • Waters Elementary School
  • White Elementary School


Before 1900

Established by ordinance of the Atlanta City Council, the Atlanta Public Schools opened three grammar schools and two high schools in 1872 to educate the white youth of the city. This brought the total number of schools offering free education to the city's children to seven, as the Freedman's Bureau had established two schools for black children in 1866.


On August 30, 1961, nine students – Thomas Franklin Welch, Madelyn Patricia Nix, Willie Jean Black, Donita Gaines, Arthur Simmons, Lawrence Jefferson, Mary James McMullen, Martha Ann Holmes and Rosalyn Walton – became the first African American students to attend several of APS's all-white high schools.

On September 8, 1961, Time magazine reported:

Last week the moral siege of Atlanta (pop. 487,455) ended in spectacular fashion with the smoothest token school integration ever seen in the Deep South. Into four high schools marched nine Negro students without so much as a white catcall. Teachers were soon reporting "no hostility, no demonstrations, the most normal day we've ever had." In the lunchrooms, white children began introducing themselves to Negro children. At Northside High, a biology class was duly impressed when Donita Gaines, a Negro, was the only student able to define the difference between anatomy and physiology. Said she crisply: "Physiology has to do with functions."

In a 1964 news story, Time would say, "The Atlanta decision was a gentle attempt to accelerate one of the South’s best-publicized plans for achieving integration without revolution."

By May 1961, 300 transfer forms had been given to black students interested in transferring out of their high schools. 132 students actually applied; of those, 10 were chosen and 9 braved the press, onlookers, and insults to integrate Atlanta's all-white high schools.

Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka had established the right of African American students to have equal opportunities in education, but it was not until 1958, when a group of African American parents challenged the segregated school system in federal court, that integration became a tangible reality for students of color in Atlanta.

Adding to the accolades for the students and the city, President Kennedy publicly congratulated residents during an evening address and asked other cities to "look closely at what Atlanta has done and to meet their responsibility... with courage, tolerance and above all, respect for the law."[ citation needed]

In 2012, Atlanta Public Schools produced a documentary to honor the 50th anniversary of the district's desegregation efforts. [13] In January 1972, in order to settle several federal discrimination and desegregation lawsuits filed on behalf of minority students, faculty, and employees and reach satisfactory agreement with Atlanta civil rights leaders who had worked over a decade for a peaceful integration plan. Atlanta Public Schools entered into a voluntary agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice, with approval and oversight from the U.S. Department of Education, in an attempt to desegregate Atlanta Public Schools. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a majority of Atlanta Northside public schools had either token integration, or none at all. Faculty and staff assignments to schools had remained mostly segregated as well.

The justice department allowed the school system to create and use a plan consisting of partial district busing; voluntary and "M to M" (minority to majority) transfers; redrawing attendance zones; closing outdated and underutilized schools; building new schools; and mandating and implementing equal employment opportunity guidelines for hiring, training, promotion, assignment, vendor selection, bidding, contracting, construction, procurement and purchasing. The school system was also converted from a K-7 elementary and 8-12 high school grade system into a middle school 6–8 grade program beginning with the 1973/1974 school year. The curriculum was also updated to have studies more balanced, inclusive, and diverse, with content culturally and historically significant to racial minorities.

With strict guidelines, oversight and timeline implementation of the voluntary desegregation plan, the federal courts agreed not to order and enforce system-wide a mandatory busing desegregation program for APS that had been federally enforced in other cities up to that time, most notably Boston and Philadelphia which resulted in widespread anti-busing violence in 1973-74 that Atlanta civil rights leaders desired to avoid. Along with this program for racial balance, the school system's first African American Superintendent, Dr. Alonzo A. Crim, took over leadership of Atlanta Public Schools in August 1973. He remained superintendent until his retirement in 1988.

21st century

The City of Atlanta, in 2017, agreed to annex territory in DeKalb County, including the Centers for Disease Control and Emory University, effective January 1, 2018. [14] In 2016 Emory University made a statement that "Annexation of Emory into the City of Atlanta will not change school districts, since neighboring communities like Druid Hills will still be self-determining regarding annexation." [15] By 2017 the city agreed to include the annexed property in the boundaries of APS, a move decried by the leadership of the DeKalb County School District as it would take taxable property away from that district. [14] In 2017 the number of children living in the annexed territory who attended public schools was nine. [16] The area ultimately went to APS; [14] students in the area will be rezoned to APS effective 2024; they will be zoned to DeKalb schools before then. [17]

Cheating scandal

During the 11-year tenure of former superintendent Beverly Hall, the APS experienced unusually high gains in standardized test scores, such as the Criterion-Referenced Competency Test. In 2009, Hall won the National Superintendent of the Year Award. Around this time, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution began investigating the score increases and suggested evidence of cheating. A state report found numerous erased answers in an analysis of the 2009 test scores. Tests were administered under much higher scrutiny in 2010, and the scores dropped dramatically.

The state of Georgia launched a major investigation as cheating concerns intensified. The investigation's report, published in July 2011, found evidence of a widespread cheating scandal. At least 178 teachers and principals at 44 APS schools were alleged to have corrected students' tests to increase scores, in some cases holding "cheating parties" to revise large quantities of tests. Hall, who had retired in June 2011, expressed regret but denied any prior knowledge of, or participation in, the cheating. [18] The new superintendent, Erroll Davis, demanded the resignation of the 178 APS employees or else they would be fired. The revelation of the scandal left many Atlantans feeling outraged and betrayed, [19] with Mayor Kasim Reed calling it "a dark day for the Atlanta public school system." [20] The scandal attracted national media coverage. [20] [21]

See also


  1. ^ "Free US Geocoder". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
  2. ^ a b "Free District Report for Atlanta City". Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Atlanta Public Schools : BOE Districts" (PDF). Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Board of Education / Meet the Board". Retrieved 2016-12-30.
  5. ^ "Carver Early College". 19 July 2009. Archived from the original on 19 July 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
  6. ^ "Carver School of the Arts". 23 July 2009. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2007-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  8. ^ "School of Technology". Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Crim Open Campus High School". 2 February 2007. Archived from the original on 2 February 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
  10. ^ "Single Gender Academies / Single Gender Priority Zones (Opt In)". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  11. ^ "Charter Schools / List of Charter Schools". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  12. ^ "Brochure of General Information for Evaluation Visiting Committee - H.M. Turner High School - Atlanta, Georgia". April 28, 1968. Retrieved 15 October 2017. Georgia Archives - RGSGS: 263-02-002 - Unit #3
  13. ^ "Remembering the Atlanta 9". YouTube. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  14. ^ a b c Niesse, Mark. "City of Atlanta's expansion to Emory and CDC approved". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  15. ^ "Emory University statement on possible annexation". Emory University. 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
  16. ^ Niesse, Mark (2017-10-16). "9 students and $2.3M stand in the way of Emory's annexation to Atlanta". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
  17. ^ McCray, Vanessa (2019-12-10). "APS, DeKalb annexation deal could pay for six school health clinics". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  18. ^ Judd, Alan (May 27, 2011). "Atlanta superintendent acknowledges cheating". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  19. ^ Schneider, Craig (July 11, 2011). "Atlanta school kids angry over cheating scandal". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Severson, Kim (July 5, 2011). "Systematic Cheating Is Found in Atlanta's School System". The New York Times. New York, NY. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  21. ^ Kuo, Vivian (July 18, 2011). "2 Atlanta educators step down; 176 others also face ultimatum". CNN. Retrieved July 19, 2011.

External links