Area codes 415 and 628

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458/541 775 702 928 442/760 916/279 530 707 209 559 831 805 661 858 909 951 619 213 323 707 916/279 415 650 510/341 925 408 209 831 805 661 442/760 310/424 747/818 626 909 951 949 562 657/714
Map of California numbering plan areas (blue) and border states. Area codes 415 and 628 are shown in red.

Area codes 415 and 628 are telephone area codes in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) for the city of San Francisco and its northern suburbs in Marin County (across the Golden Gate), and the northeast corner of San Mateo County.

History

When the North American Numbering Plan was installed by AT&T for Operator Toll Dialing in 1947, the state of California was divided into three numbering plan areas (NPAs) arranged as geographical zones in the southern part, the central part, and the northern part of the state. [1] Area code 415 was assigned to central California, south of area code 916, and north of area code 213. It stretched from Sacramento in the north to Bakersfield in the south. [2]

In 1950, the numbering plan area boundaries were redrawn to produce a division of the northern and central parts along a north-south dividing line. Numbering plan area 415 became the coastal region from the North Coast to the Oregon border, while 916 was redrawn to comprise the northeastern corner of the state. [3] As part of this realignment, Sacramento was renumbered from area code 415 to 916, and Bakersfield to 213.

With the preparations for nation-wide direct distance dialing (DDD) in the early 1950s, area code 318 was temporarily used in the San Francisco area, initially by customers in Englewood, New Jersey, participating in the first customer trials to reach the city, as well as some areas north of the Golden Gate. [4] In 1953, the entire Bay Area was "reunited" in using area code 415.

Area code 415 has been split three times due to the Bay Area's rapid economic growth and demand for telecommunication services:

  • On March 1, 1959, area code 707 was created from the northern part, and area code 408 was created for San Jose and the South Bay. [5] (408 has since been split to 831 and overlaid with 669.)
  • On September 2, 1991, area code 510 was created for the East Bay, including Oakland. [6] (510 has since been split to 925 and will be overlaid by 341 in 2019.)
  • On August 2, 1997, area code 650 was created; the partition approximately followed the boundary between San Francisco, which (along with Marin County) kept 415, and San Mateo County to the south, which received the new code. Deviations from the county line included a very small area east of the San Francisco Golf Club, which was changed to 650, [7] and portions of Brisbane and Daly City, which remained in 415. [8]

On February 21, 2015, the numbering plan area was transitioned to an overlay plan by adding area code 628 to the same service area for new numbers, [9] making ten-digit dialing mandatory in the area, with eleven-digit dialing necessary from landlines. [10] Until then, 415 had been one of the few urban area codes not to be overlaid, making San Francisco one of the largest cities where seven-digit dialing was still possible.

Service area

City and County of San Francisco

Marin County

Dillon Beach and Tomales are in area code 707.

San Mateo County

See also

References

  1. ^ R. I. Mabbs, Nation-wide Operator Toll Dialing–the Coming Way, Bell Telephone Magazine 26 p180 (1947)
  2. ^ Madison, Linc (1999-05-27). "LincMad's 1947 Area Code Map". Archived from the original on 4 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  3. ^ Moore, Carl (1996-02-12). "history.of.area.splits". TELECOM digest. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  4. ^ Cuccia, Mark (1996-08-13). "Re: When Was Direct Distance Dialing Cut In?". TELECOM digest. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  5. ^ Madison, Linc. "NANP Area Code History: 1948 - 1959". Archived from the original on 2002-09-11. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  6. ^ Fabisch, M.P. (1990-06-13). "NANPA Revised Date for Split of 415 (California) Numbering Plan Area" (PDF). Bellcore Letter. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  7. ^ "AT&T- News Room". Att.com. 1998-01-28. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  8. ^ Deak, J.N. (1996-11-22). "NANPA Revised Date for Split of 415 (California) Numbering Plan Area" (PDF). North American Numbering Plan Letter. PL-NANP-022. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-26. Retrieved 2015-02-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  10. ^ Rubenstein, Steve (2015-02-20). "415, meet 628: New S.F. area code debuts Saturday". SFGate. Retrieved 2020-04-26.

External links

California area codes: 209, 213/323, 279/916, 310/424, 341/510, 408/669, 415/628, 442/760, 530, 559, 562, 619/858, 626, 650, 657/714, 661, 707, 747/818, 805/820, 831, 840/909, 925, 949, 951
North: 707
West: Pacific Ocean, 808 area code 415/628 East: 510/341, 925
South: 650
Hawaii area codes: 808


Latitude and Longitude:

38°00′N 122°36′W / 38°N 122.6°W / 38; -122.6