Tribute to Buddy Holly

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"Tribute to Buddy Holly"
MikeBerryTribute.jpg
1963 EP release
Single by Mike Berry with the Outlaws [1]
from the EP A Tribute To Buddy Holly
B-side"What's The Matter"
ReleasedSeptember 1961
Recorded1961
Genre
Length2:56
Label His Master's Voice
Songwriter(s) Geoff Goddard
Producer(s) Joe Meek
Mike Berry with the Outlaws [1] singles chronology
" Will You Love Me Tomorrow"
(1961)
"Tribute to Buddy Holly"
(1961)
"It's Just a Matter of Time"
(1962)

"Tribute to Buddy Holly" (also recorded as "A Tribute to Buddy Holly") is a song written by Geoff Goddard, first recorded by Mike Berry and the Outlaws [3] as a single, which was released in September 1961 on His Master's Voice records. His first chart success, it reached number 24 on the UK Singles Chart in November 1961. [4] [5] The song was banned by the BBC for being too "morbid", [6] regarding the death of 1950s rock and roll singer Buddy Holly, who died in a plane crash on 3 February 1959. [7]

Nonetheless, it started Berry's singing career and is one of his signature songs. [8] Chad Allan and the Reflections, a band that would later become the Guess Who, recorded "Tribute to Buddy Holly" as their debut single in 1962, after hearing Berry's version. [9] Another Canadian rock band, the Esquires, incorporated the song in their "Buddy Holly Medley" (which also features " Peggy Sue", " That'll Be the Day" and "Think It Over") on their only studio album Introducing The Esquires. Swedish rock band Hep Stars released the song as their second single in 1965, and became their first significant chart success.

Mike Berry version

On 3 February 1959, a plane charted by Holly during the "Winter Dance Party" crashed on a field near Clear Lake, Iowa, which killed Holly, Ritchie Valens, Jiles Perry "The Big Bopper" Richardson and pilot Roger Peterson. [10] Many artists looked up to Holly and paid their respects to him by writing songs, including Berry and the Outlaws. [11] Joe Meek, producer of the session, claimed to have contact with Holly's spirit which helped him write songs. [12] Meek would later end up committing a murder–suicide on the 1967 anniversary of Holly's death. [13] [14]

The song was written by Meek's business associate Geoff Goddard, who had Berry in mind while writing the song. [15] The single was released on His Master's Voice records in September 1961, and entered the UK Singles Chart on 18 October 1961, before peaking at number 24, a position it held for two weeks in November 1961. [4] It was last seen on the chart on 22 November 1961, at a position of 42. [4] However, rumours started circulating that British Broadcasting Company had banned the single, due to the subject matter being too morbid; Holly had died only two years prior. [6] "Tribute to Buddy Holly" was Berry's first single released in the US, but failed to chart. [16]

"Tribute to Buddy Holly" was the title track of an EP recorded by Berry, which was released in June 1963. A re-recording of the song was done in 1975, after his rendition of " Don't Be Cruel" had reached number 14 in the Netherlands. [17] This cover reached number 2 on the Netherlands Nationale Hitparade, staying on the charts for eight weeks. [18] It was also successful in Belgium, where it reached number 3 and stayed on the charts for ten weeks. [19]

Personnel

The Outlaws [20]

Chart positions

Chart (1961) Peak

position

UK Singles (Official Charts Company) [6] 24
Chart (1975) Peak

position

Netherlands ( Nationale Hitparade) [18] 2
Belgium ( Ultratop) [19] 3

Chad Allan and the Reflections version

"Tribute to Buddy Holly"
Single by Chad Allan and the Reflections
B-side"Back and Forth"
ReleasedDecember 1962
Recorded1962
Studio Kay Bank Studios,
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Genre Rock and roll
Length2:56
Label Canadian-American
Songwriter(s)Goddard
Producer(s) Joe Meek
Chad Allan and the Reflections singles chronology
"Tribute to Buddy Holly"
(1962)
"Shy Guy"
(1963)

Canadian rock band Chad Allan and the Reflections recorded the song as their debut single in 1962. [21] [22] Randy Bachman, lead guitarist of the band, recalled that he and a few friends were going to drive to Holly's following show in Fargo, North Dakota, when the news of his death emerged. [9] Bachman had previously heard Berry's record on the radio. [9] "Tribute to Buddy Holly" was cut at Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis, Minnesota due to the fact that Bachman recalled that the Trashmen's " Surfin' Bird" was recorded there. [9] However, this is inconsistent, considering "Surfin Bird" was recorded and released in 1963, the year after "Tribute to Buddy Holly" had been released. [23] Another major factor to recording in Minneapolis was the fact that a decent recording studio was missing in Winnipeg at the time. [9]

The sessions took place a weekend in late 1962, with the band traveling via a Buick that Bachman's girlfriend's father had loaned them. [9] A box trailer was used to haul their equipment to the United States, with Bachman's father's canvas tent covering it. [9] The recording studio had three-track equipment, something not present in Winnipeg studios at the time. [9] When the band arrived at the studios, Chad Allan got a sore throat and was feeling sick. [9] Bachman's regular Gretsch guitar was malfunctioning, so he had to resort to using Allan's Fender Jazzmaster which he'd recently purchased. [9] Allan would instead strum on Bachman's Gretsch acoustically, which was used for the recording. [9] Four or five takes of the songs were produced before they got satisfied with the sound. [9]

"Tribute to Buddy Holly" was released as a single on Canadian-American Records in December 1962. [24] However, there was a mix-up with the master tapes, leading a Chad-Allan original "I Just Didn't Have the Heart" to be labeled "Tribute to Buddy Holly". This error happened with the first few hundred pressings of the single, and it was recalled once the mistake was found out. [25] "Tribute to Buddy Holly" was locally successful, reaching the top-10 on Winnipeg radio station CKY in 1963. [26] However, the band failed to attract national attention with the single. It was their only single on the Canadian-American label, with the group signing Quality Records for their follow up-record "Shy Guy" [27] The band would eventually change their name to Chad Allan and the Expressions in 1965 where they would secure a number 1 hit with " Shakin' All Over".

Personnel

Hep Stars version

"A Tribute to Buddy Holly"
HepStarsTribute.png
Single by the Hep Stars
B-side" Bird Dog"
ReleasedFebruary 1965
RecordedDecember 1964
StudioBorgarskolan, Stockholm
Length2:50
Label Olga
Songwriter(s)Goddard
Producer(s) Åke Gerhard
The Hep Stars singles chronology
"Kana Kapila"
(1964)
"A Tribute to Buddy Holly"
(1965)
" Summertime Blues"
(1965)

Swedish rock group Hep Stars recorded "Tribute to Buddy Holly" as their second single in December 1964. [28] For the release, the song was retitled to "A Tribute to Buddy Holly". [29] The sessions, which were the first by Benny Andersson, who would later go on to ABBA fame, were held in the assembly hall of Borgarskolan in Stockholm. [30] The song was recorded in a six-hour session which also produced " Summertime Blues", Farmer John", " Bird Dog" " If You Need Me" and " Donna". [31] All of these were intended for single release sometime in 1965, but were delayed. At the time, Hep Stars had only recorded one other single, "Kana Kapila", which only reached number 26 on Tio i Topp in 1964. [32] [33]

Hep Stars version of the song is a radical departure from Berry's original in the opening. Berry's version opens with a guitar strum, while Hep Stars version opens with a drum beat played by drummer Christer Pettersson (not to be confused with Olof Palme murder suspect Christer Pettersson). The Hep Stars version also substitutes several guitar licks found throughout Berry's version with whistling, by regular lead vocalist Svenne Hedlund. Unlike almost all other recordings by Hep Stars, where Hedlund is the lead vocalist, "A Tribute to Buddy Holly" features their guitarist Janne Frisk on lead vocals. Frisk had previously acted as the lead vocalist before Hedlund joined the band. [34] "A Tribute to Buddy Holly", along with the follow-up "Summertime Blues" were the only singles to feature Frisk on lead vocals. [35]

Olga Records released "A Tribute to Buddy Holly" as a single in February 1965. While it initially failed to chart, it managed to gain tractions later, in April. It first entered Kvällstoppen on 20 April 1965 at a position of number 15. [36] It first entered the top-10 two weeks later, at number 10. [36] The following week, it ascended to number 11 before entering the top-5 the following week at number 5. [36] It peaked at number 5 for a week before climbing to number 6, where it stayed for two weeks. [36] The following week it was at number 7 and on 15 June it had exited the top-10 at number 11. [36] It was last seen on the charts the following week at a position of number 16. [36] In total, the song had spent 10 weeks on the charts, of which 5 were in the top-10 and 1 was in the top-5. [36] [37]

It fared similarly well on Tio i Topp, where it reached number 4. [38] [32] "A Tribute to Buddy Holly" is notable because it, along with "Farmer John" and " Cadillac" occupied the first, second and fourth position of that chart, only broken by " Ticket to Ride" by the Beatles at number three. [39] This was a huge feat at the time, never broken by anyone else. [40] Bruce Eder of AllMusic states that ""Tribute to Buddy Holly" was a less dramatic rendition of the song than Mike Berry's version." [41]

Personnel

  • Svenne Hedlund – whistling, backing vocals
  • Janne Frisk – lead vocals, guitar
  • Benny Andersson – keyboards
  • Christer Pettersson – drums, backing vocals
  • Lennart Hegland – bass guitar

Charts

Chart (1965) Peak

position

Sweden ( Kvällstoppen) [37] 5
Sweden ( Tio i Topp) [32] 4
Finland ( The Official Finnish Charts) [42] 28

References

  1. ^ "Mike Berry With The Outlaws (3) - Tribute To Buddy Holly". Discogs. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  2. ^ Tribute to Buddy Holly - Mike Berry | Song Info | AllMusic, retrieved 23 June 2020
  3. ^ "Singer Marty Wilde to celebrate his 80th birthday with dates including Worthing and Eastbourne". www.worthingherald.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "a tribute to buddy holly | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  5. ^ Greenwood, Carl (13 February 2016). "Mike Berry fails to impress coaches on The Voice". mirror. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 55. ISBN  1-904994-10-5.
  7. ^ "Rock 'n' roll singers die in air crash". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. 3 February 1959. p. 1A.
  8. ^ "Robert Stigwood: Impresario who managed the Bee Gees". The Independent. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
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  10. ^ "Stars of rock 'n' roll troupe die in crash which claims 4 lives". Bend Bulletin. (Oregon). UPI. 3 February 1959. p. 1.
  11. ^ Lehmer, Larry (7 March 2012). The Day the Music Died: The Last Tour of Buddy Holly, the Big Bopper, and Ritchie Valens. Schirmer Trade Books. ISBN  978-0-85712-751-8.
  12. ^ Schinder, Scott; Schwartz, Andy (2007). Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends Who Changed Music Forever. ABC-CLIO. ISBN  978-0-313-33845-8.
  13. ^ "Joe Meek: Tragic demise of a gifted musical maverick". Express.co.uk. 7 June 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Genius or Insanity? The Mind of Joe Meek | Stony Brook Independent". 26 February 2009. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  15. ^ Cleveland, Barry; Meek, Joe (2001). Creative Music Production: Joe Meek's Bold Techniques. Mix Books. ISBN  978-1-931140-08-9.
  16. ^ "Mike Berry Remembers 'Are You Being Served?'". The Spectrum & Daily News. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  17. ^ Hung, Steffen. "Mike Berry - Don't Be Cruel". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  18. ^ a b Hung, Steffen. "Mike Berry - Tribute To Buddy Holly". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Mike Berry - Tribute To Buddy Holly". ultratop.be. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
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  23. ^ "A whole new generation is 'hearing the word'". Herald-journal.com. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  24. ^ "Chad Allan And The Reflections - Tribute To Buddy Holly / Back And Forth". Discogs. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  25. ^ Bronson, Fred (1997). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits. Billboard Books. ISBN  978-0-8230-7641-3.
  26. ^ Rees, Dafydd; Crampton, Luke (1999). Rock Stars Encyclopedia. DK Pub. ISBN  978-0-7894-4613-8.
  27. ^ Rees, Dafydd; Crampton, Luke (1999). Rock Stars Encyclopedia. DK Pub. ISBN  978-0-7894-4613-8.
  28. ^ "The Hep Stars - A Tribute To Buddy Holly". www.thehepstars.se. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  29. ^ "The Hep Stars - A Tribute To Buddy Holly / Bird Dog". Discogs. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  30. ^ Palm, Carl Magnus (28 October 2009). Bright Lights, Dark Shadows: The Real Story of ABBA. Omnibus Press. ISBN  978-0-85712-057-1.
  31. ^ Hep Stars, 1964–1969, EMI Svenska AB/Olga 7C1 38-35956/7, double album liner notes
  32. ^ a b c Hallberg, Eric, 1949- (1998). Eric Hallberg, Ulf Henningsson presenterar Tio i topp med de utslagna på försök 1961-74. Henningsson, Ulf, 1965-, Kristianstads boktr.) (1. uppl ed.). Stockholm: Premium. ISBN  91-972712-5-X. OCLC  186200204.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link)
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  35. ^ "The Hep Stars - Summertime Blues". www.thehepstars.se. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
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  37. ^ a b Hallberg, Eric. (1993). Eric Hallberg presenterar Kvällstoppen i P 3 : Sveriges radios topplista över veckans 20 mest sålda skivor 10. 7. 1962-19. 8. 1975. Värmdö: Drift Musik. ISBN  91-630-2140-4. OCLC  165178200.
  38. ^ "The Hep Stars - Tio I Topp". www.thehepstars.se. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  39. ^ Hagberg, Gunnar (5 November 2014). "Jubilerande Hep Stars till Norrköping – Norrköpings Tidningar". nt.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  40. ^ "Då blev jag ett Svenne-fan". HD (in Swedish). Retrieved 23 June 2020.
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  42. ^ "Levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikilistoilla 1960-2018". suomenlistalevyt. 2018.