6001 BC – Archaeological evidence from various sites on the
Iberian Peninsula suggest the domestication of plants and animals.
6000 BC – Granary built in
Mehrgarh for storage of excess food.
5500 BC –
Céide Fields in
Ireland are the oldest known field systems in the world, this landscape consists of extensive tracts of land enclosed by brick walls.
5200 BC – In the heart of the
Sahara Desert, several native species were domesticated, most importantly
cowpeas, which spread through
West Africa and the
Sahel. At this time the Sahara was covered in grassland that received plenty of rainfall, it was far more moist and densely populated than today.
^[Haneklaus, S., Lilienthal, H., Schnug, E., 2016. 25 years Precision Agriculture in Germany – a retrospective. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Precision Agriculture : July 31 – August 3, 2016, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.]