The base Model 3 delivers an
all-electric range of 272 miles (438 km) and the Long Range version delivers 358 miles (576 km). According to Tesla, the Model 3 carries full
self-driving hardware, with periodic software updates adding functionality.
The Model 3 was marketed as being more affordable to more people than previous
models by Tesla. Since early 2020, the Model 3 is the bestselling electric car in world history, and, in June 2021, became the first electric car to pass the 1 million global sales milestone. The Model 3 has been the world's top selling
plug-in electric car (PEV) for three years running, from 2018 to 2020. It has also been the bestselling PEV in the United States for three consecutive years, 2018 to 2020, the top selling PEV in Europe in 2019, and the bestselling PEV in China in 2020.
In an interview for Wired Science recorded during 2006,
Elon Musk presented the Model 3 as likely being affordable by most people able to purchase new cars. In 2008 the car was stated to be a family car. In 2017 Tesla added that the Standard Range version of the all-electric car would have an estimated EPA-rated range of 215 miles (346 km), a five-passenger
seating capacity, front and rear trunks, and promised sports-car levels of acceleration performance.[better source needed] Tesla said it would have a 5-Star safety rating and have a drag coefficient of
Cd=0.23. This is lower than the
Tesla Model S drag coefficient of Cd=0.24, which, in 2014, was the lowest among the production cars of the time.
Within a week of unveiling the Model 3 in 2016, Tesla revealed they had taken 325,000 reservations for the car. These reservations represented potential sales of over US$14 billion. By August 2017, there were 455,000 net reservations.
Industry experts were dubious when, in May 2016, Tesla announced its decision to advance its 500,000-total-unit build plan (combined for Model S,
Model X, and Model 3) to 2018, two years earlier than previously planned, in order to accelerate its target for Model 3 output. As predicted, there were "production bottlenecks" and "production hell". In May 2016, Tesla issued US$2 billion in new shares to the stock market to finance the plan.
The company plans for the Model 3 are part of Tesla's three-step strategy to start with a high-price vehicle and move progressively towards lower-cost vehicles, while the battery and electric drivetrain were improved and paid for through the sales of the
Roadster, Model S, and Model X vehicles.
On April 18, 2018, Tesla updated its production target to 6,000 vehicles per week by the end of June 2018, an increase from its previous target of 5,000 vehicles per week which was previously promised at earlier dates. On July 1, 2018, Elon Musk announced that Tesla had met its production goal of 5,000 cars in a week.
On February 28, 2019, Tesla announced the availability of the lower-cost, highly anticipated, $35,000, Standard Range trim. However, on April 12, 2019, Tesla announced that the Standard Range model would no longer be available for ordering online, but only over the phone or in stores.
Autopilot, previously a $3,000 option, was included in all versions of the Model 3 except for the Standard Range, while each version's price only increased by $2,000. In February 2019, the Model 3 passed the
Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time bestselling plug-in electric car in the U.S. Model 3 sales surpassed the
Nissan Leaf in early 2020 to become the world's all-time top selling
plug-in electric car.
During an interview recorded in 2006 Musk referred to "Model 2" (later
Tesla Model S), and to "Model 3". The Model 3 was codenamed Tesla "BlueStar" in the original business plan in 2007. An intended name of "Model E" was not used owing to Ford's trademark for an electric vehicle expected to be released by
Ford in early 2019.Model 3, originally stylized as "Model ☰", was announced on Musk's Twitter account on July 16, 2014. A 2015-presentation by
JB Straubel used the name "Model III". As of 2016[update] Musk had wanted the three models to spell SEX, but settled for "
S3X". In early 2017, after trademark opposition regarding
three stripes logo, the triplicate horizontal-bar stylization was abandoned and changed to a numeric "3".
In September 2015, Tesla announced that the Model 3 would be unveiled in March 2016. In January 2016, Musk said that the first official pictures of the car will be revealed at the end of March 2016. Delivery would begin in late 2017 first on the U.S.'s west coast and then move eastwards. Potential customers were first able to reserve a car at Tesla stores or online on March 31 with a refundable deposit of US$1000. In February 2016, Tesla indicated that the unveiling would be on March 31, 2016. Employees of Tesla and
SpaceX were given early access to Model 3 reservations, and about 10,000 signed up without discount, scheduled to receive the first batch of cars. Current owners of Tesla vehicles got priority sales after employees but before the general public, as a reward for helping pay for the development of the Model 3. (Employees and current owners were likely to be more tolerant of early production flaws: both the Model S and the Model X had several problems at the start of their production, and have since improved.)
On the morning of March 31, 2016, tens of thousands of people waited in lines to place the refundable deposit to reserve a Model 3 for 2017 delivery. During the Model 3 unveiling event, Tesla said that over 115,000 people had reserved the Model 3 in less than 24 hours prior; more cars than Tesla had sold by that time. Twenty-four hours after opening reservations, Tesla had advanced orders for over 180,000 cars. Two days later, Tesla said they had 232,000 reservations.
One week after the unveiling, Tesla said it had over 325,000 reservations, more than triple the number of
Model S sedans sold by the end of 2015. Musk said that 5% of reservations correspond to the maximum of two vehicles allowed per customer, "suggesting low levels of speculation", and that 93% of Model 3 reservations are from new buyers who do not currently own a Tesla. The previous record for advance deposits on a car was the 1955
Citroën DS that had 80,000 deposits during the ten days of the
Paris Auto Show, while the Model 3 had 232,000 reservations in two days.
According to Tesla's global vice-president Robin Ren, China is the second-largest market for the Model 3 after the US. Tesla said the number of net reservations totaled about 373,000 as of May 15, 2016[update], after about 8,000 customer cancellations and about 4,200 reservations canceled by the automaker because these appeared to be duplicates from speculators. Upon its release in July 2017, there had been over 500,000 reservations for the Model 3, with Musk later clarifying there were a net of 455,000 reservations outstanding, and an average of 1,800 reservations were being added per day.
Vehicles manufactured from May 2021 lack lumbar support on passenger seats.
Vehicles manufactured from April 2021 no longer include radar for adaptive cruise control making the cars prone to phantom breaking issue that the
NHTSA is already investigating.
Starting 2023, Tesla removed the ultrasonic parking sensors used for park warnings and park assist.
Tesla Model 3 interior
Center-mounted 15.4-inch (39 cm)
LCDtouchscreen, sporting the new UI design from Tesla's December 2020 "Holiday Update"
In 2013 design chief
Franz von Holzhausen said that the Model 3 will "be an
BMW 3 Series,
Mercedes-Benz C-Class type of vehicle that will offer everything: range, affordability, and performance" that is targeted toward the mass market. While technology from Tesla's Model S will be used in the Model 3, it will be 20% smaller than the Model S and have its own unique design.
According to Tesla's CTO,
JB Straubel, in October 2015, most Tesla engineers were working on the 3 rather than S or X. Since electric cars have lower cooling needs than combustion cars, the Model 3 does not have nor need a front grille. Musk intended for the final design to be released on June 30, 2016 but when the design was finished on July 27, it was not publicly released. After the final design of the first Model 3, any further changes would be included in future versions of the Model 3. The standard glass roof developed by Tesla Glass is made of the same glass used for
Tesla's roof tiles.
Tesla Model 3 MY2021 refresh
In November 2020, the Model 3 was refreshed with cosmetic and internal changes, many carried over from the Model Y. The refreshed Model 3 replaced the chrome door handles, side mirror trim, window trim, and camera covers with a black finish. Double-paned front window glass, a powered trunk, new center console, and minor performance upgrades were added to all Model 3 trim levels. The car's engineering was updated to reflect Tesla's advances with the Model Y, including the introduction of a heat pump and proprietary
octovalve that increases the car's heating and cooling efficiency.
In a 2013 interview,
Jerome Guillen discussed "BlueStar" (codename for the Model 3 project), stating that Tesla was expecting to eventually produce 400,000 cars per year.
In May 2016 Tesla told its suppliers that it intended to double earlier-announced[clarification needed] Model 3 production targets to 100,000 in 2017 and 400,000 in 2018 due to demand, which suppliers and many experts viewed as unattainable. In the Tesla Factory,
paint lines for 500,000 automobiles commenced in 2015, and some stamping equipment for the Model 3 was operational by August 2016. Tesla bought
Grohmann Engineering, experienced in automated manufacturing, in January 2017. This acquisition launched Tesla Advanced Automation Germany, which Tesla said would develop manufacturing processes to be used initially in Model 3 production. According to Tesla in late 2016, the company expected to invest between US$2 billion and US$2.5 billion in capital expenditures ahead of the start of Model 3 production.
After the two Alpha prototypes were shown (silver and black; red was a shell) in April 2016, Tesla finished the design in late July 2016. Tesla ordered parts equivalent to 300 Beta prototypes in August 2016, preparing for development of the assembly line. As of August 2016, the company intended to make
release candidates for testing prior to actual production. Tesla began building Model 3 prototypes in early February 2017 as part of the testing of the vehicle design and manufacturing processes. Tesla said in late 2016 that initial crash test results had been positive. Crash test results in mid-2019 were scored at 96% for protection of adults; 86% for protection of children and 74% for the way it handles "vulnerable road users" such as pedestrians. In addition, the Model 3's "safety assist" mode scored 94%.
In October 2016 Tesla said its production timeline was on schedule. Again in February 2017, Tesla said that vehicle development, supply chain and manufacturing are on track to support volume deliveries of the Model 3 in the second half of 2017. Limited vehicle production began in July 2017 and volume production was scheduled at that time to start by September 2017. As of February 2017, Tesla planned to
ramp up production to exceed 5,000 vehicles per week in Q4 2017 and reach 10,000 vehicles per week in 2018. However, Tesla missed their Q4 production target by a wide amount, as only 2,425 vehicles were produced during the entire 3-month period.
Giga Nevada had been intended to produce battery packs for Model 3 and it was announced in January 2017 that Tesla would also manufacture drive units[clarification needed] at Giga Nevada. In February 2017, Tesla said that installation of Model 3 manufacturing equipment was underway in the Fremont factory and at Giga Nevada, where in January, production of battery cells for energy-storage products began, which have the same form factor as the cells that will be used in Model 3.
Tesla Model X (left) and Model 3 (right) at the unveiling event on March 31, 2016
2021 updated version of Model 3
In February 2016 Tesla expected the Model 3 to repeat the delivery schedule of the S and X models: selling at first the highest-optioned cars with higher margins, to help pay for production equipment. However, after the lessons learned from the complicated Model X production, Tesla changed its delivery schedule in early 2017 to produce relatively simpler cars initially, in order to reduce production risk. The first mass-produced Model 3 cars were rear-wheel drive with the long-range battery. Deliveries began in the second half of 2017 as predicted, but not in the numbers Tesla had hoped. As industry experts had predicted, Tesla did not meet the announced delivery targets.[clarification needed] The first delivery was on July 7, 2017, to Musk himself and the first 30 production units were delivered on July 28, 2017.
In early July 2017 Musk forecast at least six months of serious production difficulties. Tesla's announced goal at that time was to produce 1,500 units in the third quarter of 2017, increasing to 5,000 per week by end of December 2017, but only 260 vehicles were manufactured during the third quarter. The company blamed production bottlenecks, but said there were "no fundamental issues with the Model 3 production or supply chain" and expressed confidence about its ability to resolve the bottlenecks in the near future.
Tesla delivered just 1,542 Model 3 cars in the fourth quarter of 2017, about 2,900 fewer than Wall Street estimations, which were already halved previously after Tesla published the company's third quarter report. By early November 2017, Musk had postponed the target date for manufacturing 5,000 of the vehicles per week from December 2017 to March 2018. An analyst with Cowan and Company, an investment banking firm, said in November 2017 that "Elon Musk needs to stop over-promising and under-delivering". Customer deliveries totaled 1,764 units in 2017.
Prior to a planned shutdown in mid-April 2018 to further increase production, Tesla produced more than 2,000 Model 3 vehicles for three straight weeks. Global deliveries passed 100,000 units as of October 2018. U.S. Model 3 sales hit 100,000 units in November 2018, reaching this milestone quicker than any previous plug-in electric model.
During the first half of 2018, the Model 3 was the top-selling
alternative fuel vehicle in California with 12,674 units, followed by the
Toyota Prius conventional
hybrid (10,043). The Model 3 was the top-selling
plug-in electric car in the U.S. for 12 months in a row through December 2018, ending 2018 as the bestselling plug-in with an estimated 139,782 units delivered, the first time a plug-in car sold more than 100,000 units in one year. Additionally, the Model 3 ranked as the bestselling
luxury vehicle in the American market in 2018. The Model 3 topped plug-in electric car sales in California in 2018, with 51,293 units registered, and was the state's best selling car in the
near luxury category.
The Model 3 was the world's best selling plug-in electric car in 2018. In 2018, Elon Musk predicted that eventual global demand would likely be between 500,000 and 1 million Model 3 cars per year— ranking in between the
BMW 3 Series and the
Retail deliveries in Europe and China began in February 2019. Delivery of the first right-hand drive vehicles began in June 2019, starting with the UK and later in Australia and New Zealand. Similarly to how the first US-made Model 3s were delivered in July 2017, the first Chinese-made Model 3 cars were delivered to employees at the end of 2019.
In January 2019 the Model 3 overtook the Model S as the U.S. all-time best selling all-electric car, and, the next month, also passed the
Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S.
The Tesla Model 3 ended 2019 as the world's best selling plug-in electric car for the second consecutive year, with just over 300,000 units delivered. The electric car also topped annual plug-in car sales in the U.S. (158,925) and California (59,514) markets for the second time in a row. And again listed as the California's best selling car in the near luxury category in 2019.
The Model 3 also ranked as the best selling plug-in car in Europe in 2019, with over 95,000 units delivered in its first year in that market, and outselling other key premium models. It also set records in Norway and the Netherlands, not only as the top selling plug-in car but also as the best selling passenger car model overall. The sales volume achieved by the Model 3 in 2019 (15,683) is the third largest in Norwegian history, exceeded only by the
Volkswagen Bobla (Beetle) in 1969 (16,706), and
Volkswagen Golf in 2015 (16,388). The Model 3 set a new record in the Netherlands for the highest registrations in one month (22,137) for any single plug-in vehicle in Europe.
The Model 3 also was the top selling plug-in car in Canada, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mexico.
Until 2019, the
Nissan Leaf was the world's best selling
plug-in electric car, with global sales of 450,000 units by December 2019. The Tesla Model 3 surpassed Leaf sales in early 2020 to become the world's best selling plug-in electric car ever. Global sales totaled about 814,000 units overall up to December 2020. The Model 3, with 365,240 global deliveries, was the world's best selling plug-in passenger car in 2020 for the third consecutive year.
In 2020, the Model 3 was the bestselling plug-in car in China (137,459) and the U.S. (95,135). The Model 3 also was the most popular plug-in electric car in California in 2020 (38,580), as well as the state's best selling car in the near luxury category. The Model 3 has topped both California's and the U.S. national plug-in car sales for three years in-a-row, from 2018 to 2020.
In 2021, the Model 3 became the all-time bestselling electric vehicle in the Netherlands with over 78,996 cars registered at the end of June 2021. The Model 3 became the first electric car to sell over 1 million units globally in June 2021.
It was also the bestselling electric vehicle of 2021 in the UK, with 34,783 registered, beating the second most popular electric car, the
Kia e-Niro, by over 22,500 registrations. These figures also made the Model 3 the second bestseller in the UK new car market in 2021, only beaten by the
Vauxhall Corsa, a cheaper
B-segment vehicle. The 9,612 Model 3s sold in December were more than double the sales of any other car in that month.
In May 2018
Consumer Reports found "big flaws, such as long stopping distances in our emergency braking test and difficult-to-use controls", finding the braking distance was worse than a Ford F-150 full-size truck, and branding the Model 3 "not recommended". Tesla responded to the claims with concern and, over the next weekend, released an
OTA update for the anti-lock braking algorithm. Consumer Reports, impressed with the prompt OTA update, verified the improved braking performance and changed their rating to a recommended model.
In February 2019 Consumer Reports revoked the Model 3 recommendation because "many customers have reported problems with the [car], including loose body trim and glass defects." As with Model S and Model X, Model 3 production flaws were reduced over time. In November 2019 Consumer Reports reinstated the Model 3 recommendation, claiming it was the fifth-most reliable of twelve compact luxury cars.
During long-term testing of a Model 3 in December 2019, Car and Driver experienced a rear
invertershort after 5,286 miles (8,507 km) and 3 months of ownership. It was their first long-term vehicle to suffer such a major failure while parked.
In 2020, due to the Covid-19 outbreak, closure of the Shanghai factory at the end of January, and supply chain issues, Tesla used the 2.5 version processor instead of the 3.0 processor that Chinese users expected to find in their vehicles. This led to mass complaints. Tesla promised to upgrade the hardware free of charge once the supply chain is restored.
The 2021 Tesla Model 3 vehicles built on or after April 27, 2021, had modified Forward Collison Warning (FCW) and Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) safety features, resulting in lower Consumer Reports and Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) scores. The change was from using Radar to Camera technology called Tesla Vision. The
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has opened an investigation over phantom braking in these new vehicles.
In May 2022, a
relay attack was discovered where an attacker could gain remote control of a Model 3 (or a Model Y) if they could get within range of a
Bluetooth key of the owner.
First production Tesla Model 3 cars ready for the delivery event on July 28, 2017
Engineering and changes
When production began in 2017, the base Model 3 was announced to have a 50-kWh battery with a range of about 220 miles (350 km) while the optional 75-kWh battery would have a range of about 310 miles (500 km). Tesla did not produce base Model 3s in 2017 or 2018. The battery uses 2170-size lithium-ion cells.
The 350-volt (nominal, 400v max) Model 3 battery packs are made of four longitudinal modules each containing the groups (bricks). The Standard Range version carries 2,976 cells arranged in 96 groups of 31. The Long Range version carries 4,416 cells arranged in 96 groups of 46, and weighs 1,060 pounds (480 kg) in a 0.40 m³ volume; a density of 150 Wh/kg (540 kJ/kg). The car's onboard
AC/DC converter is 11 kW. In Europe this requires
Three-phase electric power, otherwise single-phase power is 7.4 kW.
Tesla continues to improve the design of the 2170 battery cell and introduces incremental improvements into the manufacturing line periodically. Tesla began manufacture of the "lighter, better, cheaper" 2170 cell during 2018, with a company goal of reducing the
cost of assembled battery packs to US$100 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) by December 2018, and moving the new cell into volume production at Giga Nevada during the first quarter of 2019.
Electrek reported in late 2018 that the improved battery cell design was needed to further reduce battery costs as Tesla was planning to begin to deliver the Model 3 Standard Range for the promised base price of US$35,000 the following year.[needs update]
In July 2018 media reported that a Model 3 prototype was seen in California and Nevada while towing a trailer in an apparent evaluation of a
tow bar. In May 2019 Tesla started offering an optional tow bar rated for 2,000 pounds (910 kg) available with Standard Range Plus and Long Range for the European Model 3. Towing a trailer may increase consumption by 40%. Towing capacity 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Towing is not available for the Performance model.
The Model 3 uses regenerative braking, which was tweaked and improved in October 2018 via a software update.
In October 2019 Tesla released a software update including a 5% power upgrade and peak power optimization to owners of the Model 3, via software version 2019.36.2.1, which showed noticeable improvements in acceleration and overall speed. In December 2019, Tesla offered Long Range dual-motor Model 3 owners who had software version 2019.40.2 the option to purchase a US$2000 "Acceleration Boost" software upgrade enabling a Sport driving mode, advertised to reduce 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time from 4.4s to 3.9s. Road testing confirmed better-than-expected acceleration with drivers in Sport mode reaching 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.67s from standstill and 3.47s with a 1-foot rollout.
Structurally, the Model 3 is mostly steel, and most body panels are aluminum.
Due to its smaller size, the Model 3 is expected to consume less energy than the Model Y, and thus have longer range.
Pearl White, Solid Black, Midnight Silver Metallic, Deep Blue Metallic, or Red.
Discontinued: Silver Metallic and Obsidian Black Metallic.
Black or White
Heated front seats; auto-dimming, power folding, heated side mirrors; music and media over Bluetooth; custom driver profiles; basic audio; standard maps and navigation; center console with storage and 4 USB ports
Partial premium interior
Upgradeable if delivered with software locked interior
Standard package plus: 12-way power adjustable heated front and rear seats; upgraded audio; wireless charging for 2 smartphones
Partial Premium Interior package plus: premium audio – 14 speakers, one subwoofer and two amps; LED fog lamps; satellite-view maps with live traffic visualization and navigation; In-car internet streaming music & media; internet browser.
Tesla Model 3s in colors Silver Metallic (left) and Midnight Silver (right)
Car-design columnist and former car designer for
GMRobert Cumberford said the Model 3 "is an excellent design" and praised the front fascia skin that he thinks is superior to the black plastic simulated grille of the pre-refresh Model S. Cumberford praised the Model 3's minimalist design, and "elegant simplicity" akin to
Apple products. Although he criticized the car's spoiler, he said the Model 3 has a design that would age well, and "in 10 years it will still look contemporary and beautifully understated, not old and irrelevant."
Motor Trend said the nose was controversial and polarizing, but probably intentionally so.Vanity Fair and others compared the Model 3 to the
Ford Model T for its intended affordability as a volume-produced electric vehicle and for its limited set of options, namely range, wheels and exterior color of which all but white costs extra. Automotive journalist
Doug DeMuro said the Model 3 was better, though $2,000 more expensive, than the
BMW 340i and that it was the "coolest car of the year," later clarifying that this was based on the "long waiting lists, obsessive interest and news stories."Alex Roy said that DeMuro's review had concentrated on hardware details and missed out on the bigger picture.
Automotive-industry analyst Toni Sacconaghi of
AllianceBernstein said after driving one of the early Tesla vehicles in November 2017 that "Overall, we found the Model 3 to be a compelling offering, and believe it is likely to further galvanize the overall Electric Vehicle category." He was less impressed with build quality of the test samples. "Fit and finish on the two demo cars we saw—perhaps not surprisingly—was relatively poor." He said that there were quality issues at first with the Model X which led to some concern. "This is going to be a much, much higher-volume car, and if there are any quality issues, that could overwhelm the service centers and undermine the Tesla brand." Nonetheless, Sacconaghi was impressed with the ride quality, performance and interior space, and concluded that the 3 "risks cannibalizing the [much more expensive] Model S going forward."
Road & Track's Bob Sorokanich said the "Model 3 proves that Tesla is thinking far beyond the edges of the Model S and X. Stepping out of the 3, you realize that, as far as the S and X pushed the envelope, they were always meant as intermediaries, stepping stones designed to draw people away from comfortable convention and into the future of the automobile. ... The Model 3 is Tesla at its most unabashed. It's an automaker finally willing to abandon the
skeuomorphism of a false radiator grille, the tradition of a driver-oriented gauge panel."
In 2018, a Model 3 was driven 606.2 miles (975 km) on a single charge, setting a
hypermiling driving record.
In early 2019,
Kelley Blue Book announced that the Tesla Model 3 was the winner of the "Best Resale Value Award" for all automobiles in the US market "with a projected 69.3% resale value after 36 months and 48.7% after 60 months."
In the United Kingdom, the Model 3 was named 2019 Car of the Year by Auto Express magazine, and 2020 Car of the Year by Parkers magazine, where it was also named "Best Electric Car" and "Best Company Car", and won the "Best Safety" award for any vehicle on the market.
The Model 3 was named the top-rated electric car of 2019 by
Edmunds.com, as well as being named Edmunds' top-rated Luxury Electric Vehicle for 2020.
In late 2019, the Model 3 was also named a Top Safety Pick+ by the
IIHS. The Model 3 also won Car of the Year in Denmark, Car of the Year 2020 in Norway, and Swiss Car of the Year 2020.
The Model 3 was named as UK Car of the Year 2020 by a panel of 29 motoring journalists. The director of the awards stated that the car's "technology, performance and range" were converting opinions in favor of electric vehicles.
The car was chosen as one of the Top 10 Tech Cars by the
IEEE in 2018.
In January 2021, the Model 3 Standard Range Plus was named Large Electric Car of the Year by What Car? magazine.What Car? awarded the Model 3 five stars out of five in its review of the car.
In May 2021, the Model 3 won
Auto Trader UK's New Car Award for Best Car for Families.Auto Trader awarded the Model 3 four and a half stars out of five in its review of the car.
In December 2021, 356,309 2017–2020 Model 3 vehicles were recalled because of the possibility of damage to the rear view camera wiring harness caused by trunk operation.
In November 2022, certain vehicles including the Model 3 were recalled with regulators stating tail lamps on one or both sides of the vehicle could work intermittently due to a firmware problem and that this may make the vehicle less visible to others and could increase the risk of a crash. 
In February 2023, Tesla recalled all models equipped with the Full Self Driving Beta feature in the US and Canada. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) said the Tesla software allows a vehicle to "exceed speed limits or travel through intersections in an unlawful or unpredictable manner increases the risk of a crash." Tesla opposed the federal request but ultimately complied. Elon Musk tweeted of the decision "anachronistic and just flat wrong!". U.S. senators Ed Markey and Richard Blumenthal said the recall was "long overdue," adding, "Tesla must finally stop overstating the real capabilities of its vehicles."
United States Environmental Protection Agency. July 5, 2017. pp. 1–12. Archived from
the original(Certification Summary Information Report) on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017. Tesla Model 3 … Long Range … Rated horsepower: 258; … Curb Weight (lbs): 3837; Equivalent Test Weight (pounds): 4250; … Charge Depleting Range (Actual miles): 495.04 … Average voltage: 351; … Integrated Amp-hours: 222.81; … END-SOC: 78720 wh [sic]
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Archived from the original on February 2, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2021. "Global sales totaled 3,124,793 plug-in passenger cars in 2020, with a BEV to PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a global market share of 4%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3 with 365,240 units delivered, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2019 with 499,535 units, followed by VW with 220,220."
abcdeJose, Pontes (January 31, 2019).
"Global Top 20 – December 2018". EVSales.com.
Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019. "Global sales totaled 2,018,247 plug-in passenger cars in 2018, with a BEV:PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a market share of 2.1%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2018, followed by BYD."
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Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020. "Global sales totaled 2,209,831 plug-in passenger cars in 2019. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3 with 300,075 units delivered, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2019 with 367,820 units, followed by BYD with 229,506."
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Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2020. See Chart: "2019 Monthly/Q4 Sales Chart : Annual" – The top selling models were the Tesla Model 3 with 158,925 units, the Toyota Prius Prime with 23,630, the Tesla Model X with 19,225, the Chevrolet Bolt EV with 16,418 and the Tesla Model S with 14,100 units.
^Lambert, Fred (December 26, 2016).
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Archived from the original on December 27, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2016. Tesla will start by delivering the vehicles to employees in California (with Tesla and SpaceX it could be up to as many as 10,000 cars)
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Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016. Getting from something like 50,000 to 500,000 units is a big, big step
^Hogg, Rachael (May 11, 2016).
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Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016. it has no experience in manufacturing vehicles at the volumes anticipated for the Model 3. [...] will need to develop "efficient, automated, low-cost manufacturing capabilities, processes and supply chains necessary to support such volumes"
^Cypel, Sylvain (August 12, 2013).
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Archived from the original on September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018. Le premier, Jérôme Guillen, 41 ans, est né à
Avignon. Parti de France à 20 ans, après un doctorat d'ingénierie mécanique aux Etats-Unis, un passage chez McKinsey et DaimlerBenz … Nom de code :
BlueStar. Ce sera, promet M. Guillen, "un véhicule encore plus technologique mais moins sophistiqué. Un jour, nous aussi, ici, nous fabriquerons 400 000 voitures".
abZiegler, Chris (February 10, 2016).
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Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017. Our default plan as we've done in the past is that the initial sales are relatively highly optioned versions of the car, because we've got to pay back the investment of the tooling and everything, so it makes sense to have the higher optioned versions first. That's what we did with the S and obviously again with the X.
^Donnelley, RR (August 1, 2018).
Automotive Products. Tesla Second Quarter 2018 Update (Report). p. 2.
Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2018. We produced 53,339 vehicles in Q2 and delivered 22,319 Model S and Model X vehicles and 18,449 Model 3 vehicles, totaling 40,768 deliveries.
^Tesla, Inc. (January 2, 2019).
"Tesla Fourth Quarter 2018 Update" (Press release). NASDAQ.
Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019. Production … 61,394 Model 3 vehicles … 15% more than Q3. … Q4 deliveries … 63,150 Model 3 (13% growth over Q3) … 1,010 Model 3 vehicles … were in transit
^Viecha, Martin (October 23, 2019).
"Operational Summary". Q3 2019 Update (Press release).
Tesla, Inc. p. 6.
Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019. Model 3 production: 79,837 … Model 3 deliveries: 79,703
^Viecha, Martin (October 21, 2020).
"Operational Summary"(PDF). Q3 2020 Update (Press release).
Tesla, Inc. p. 6.
Archived(PDF) from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020. Model 3/Y production: 128,044 … Model 3/Y deliveries: 124,318
^California New Car Dealers Association (CNCDA) (August 2018).
"California Green Vehicle Report (YTD June 2018)"(PDF). CNCDA.
Archived(PDF) from the original on October 25, 2018. Retrieved October 24, 2018. See section: "Electric and Plug In Vehicle Segments Move Higher in 2018" – registrations through December March 2018 since 2014.
^Musk, Elon (October 25, 2018).
"Tesla 2018 Q3 Earnings Call"(offset 33:00).
Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2019 – via YouTube. likely global demand for Model 3... it's probably on the order of anyway from 500,000 to a million cars a year, let's say, … as quick global demand for Model 3. If you look at something like BWM 3 Series …
BMW 3 Series is about half-a-million a year, globally. And generally we find that we outcompete the BMW 3 Series quite well, so it seems logical therefore that we would have higher production …higher demand, you know; maybe somewhere between the BMW 3 Series and the
Volkswagen Golf which is about a million units a year.
^Kane, Mark (February 4, 2019).
"US Plug-In Electric Car Sales Charted: January 2019". InsideEVs.com.
Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019. See Graph: "Top 10 U.S. Plug-in cars (cumulative sales)" In January 209 the Tesla Model 3 (148,046) overtook the Model S (144,767). The Chevrolet Volt (152,819) continues as the all-time best selling plug-in car in the U.S.
^Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (January 2020).
"OFV Registreringsstatistikk" [OFV Registration Statistics] (in Norwegian). OFV.
Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020. To access the sales ranking by model choose "Modell" and the tabs for "2019" and "Desember" – The Tesla Model 3 was the best selling passenger car in Norway in 2019 with 15,683 units registered.
^Moberg, Knut (December 31, 2019).
"Bil-året 2019: Derfor var 2019 så spesielt" [The car of the year 2019: That's why 2019 was so special] (in Norwegian). Dinside.no.
Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020. With a total of 15,473 new registered Tesla Model 3 (as of December 27, 2019), only Volkswagen has managed a higher number previously, with Bobla in 1969 (16,706 cars), and Golf in 2015 (16,388).
^Jose, Pontes (January 27, 2020).
"Markets Roundup – December 2019". EVSales.
Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020. Check for top selling plug-in car in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mexico.
^Jose, Pontes (January 31, 2020).
"EV Sales 2019". EVSales.com.
Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020. Click on December sales for Spain, Belgium, Denmark, and Switzerland.
^Barbarini, Elena (June 25, 2018).
STMicroelectronics SiC Module in Tesla Model3 Inverter(PDF) (Report). SystemPlus Consulting.
Archived(PDF) from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2018. full SiC power module, in its Model 3. … STMicroelectronics … Tesla inverter … 24 1-in-1 power modules … module contains two
ab"The Longest-Range Electric Vehicle Now Goes Even Farther | Tesla, Inc". tesla.com. April 23, 2019.
Archived from the original on October 21, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2019. All Model S and X vehicles now benefit from Tesla's latest generation of drive unit technology, which combines an optimized permanent magnet synchronous reluctance motor, silicon carbide power electronics, and improved lubrication, cooling, bearings, and gear designs to achieve greater than 93% efficiency. Pairing a permanent magnet motor in the front with an induction motor in the rear enables unparalleled range and performance at all times.
abRoy, Alex (November 7, 2017).
"The Truth Behind Doug DeMuro's Tesla Model 3 Review". /Drive.
Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017. DeMuro blew his Model 3 review by ignoring Tesla's biggest secret. … If you want to understand the Model 3, read retired auto exec …
Bob Lutz's screed on the future of the auto sector. … The Model 3, both in design and marketing, is beyond genius.