Tesla_Inc. Latitude and Longitude:

30°13′N 97°37′W / 30.22°N 97.62°W / 30.22; -97.62
This is a good article. Click here for more information.
Page semi-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Tesla Inc.)

Tesla, Inc.
FormerlyTesla Motors (2003–2017)
Type Public
ISIN US88160R1014
FoundedJuly 1, 2003; 19 years ago (2003-07-01) in San Carlos, California, U.S.
FoundersSee § Founding
Headquarters 13101 Tesla Road,
Austin, Texas
Number of locations
764 retail stores/galleries and service centers (2022)
Area served
  • East Asia
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • North America
  • Oceania
  • Southeast Asia
Key people
Production output
  • Increase 1,369,611 vehicles (2022)
  • Increase 6.54 GWh battery energy storage systems (2022)
  • Increase 348 MW solar (2022)
RevenueIncrease US$81.46 billion (2022)
Increase US$13.66 billion (2022)
Increase US$12.56 billion (2022)
Total assetsIncrease US$82.34 billion (2022)
Total equityIncrease US$44.70 billion (2022)
OwnerElon Musk (20.6%) [1]
Number of employees
Increase 127,855 (2022)
Website www.tesla.com Edit this at Wikidata
Footnotes / references
Financials as of December 31, 2022.
References: [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Tesla, Inc. ( /ˈtɛslə/ TESS-lə or /ˈtɛzlə/ TEZ-lə [a]) is an American multinational automotive and clean energy company headquartered in Austin, Texas. Tesla designs and manufactures electric vehicles ( electric cars and trucks), battery energy storage from home to grid-scale, solar panels and solar roof tiles, and related products and services. Tesla is one of the world's most valuable companies and, as of 2023, is the world's most valuable automaker. In 2022, the company had the most worldwide sales of battery electric vehicles, capturing 18% of the market. Through its subsidiary Tesla Energy, the company develops and is a major installer of photovoltaic systems in the United States. Tesla Energy is also one of the largest global suppliers of battery energy storage systems, with 6.5  gigawatt-hours (GWh) installed in 2022.

Tesla was incorporated in July 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning as Tesla Motors. The company's name is a tribute to inventor and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla. In February 2004, via a $6.5 million investment, Elon Musk became the largest shareholder of the company. He has served as CEO since 2008. According to Musk, the purpose of Tesla is to help expedite the move to sustainable transport and energy, obtained through electric vehicles and solar power. Tesla began production of its first car model, the Roadster sports car, in 2008. This was followed by the Model S sedan in 2012, the Model X SUV in 2015, the Model 3 sedan in 2017, the Model Y crossover in 2020, and the Tesla Semi truck in 2022. The company plans to start production of the Cybertruck light-duty pickup truck in 2023. [8] The Model 3 is the all-time bestselling plug-in electric car worldwide, and in June 2021 became the first electric car to sell 1 million units globally. [9] Tesla's 2022 full year deliveries were around 1.31 million vehicles, a 40% increase over the previous year, [10] [11] and cumulative sales totaled 3 million cars as of August 2022. [12] In October 2021, Tesla's market capitalization reached $1 trillion, the sixth company to do so in U.S. history.

Tesla has been the subject of several lawsuits, government scrutiny, journalistic criticism, and public controversies arising from statements and acts of CEO Elon Musk and from allegations of whistleblower retaliation, worker rights violations, and defects with their products.


Tesla Motors insignia as seen on a Tesla Roadster, c. 2010

Founding (2003–2004)

The company was incorporated as Tesla Motors, Inc. on July 1, 2003, by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning. [13] Eberhard and Tarpenning served as CEO and CFO, respectively. [14] Eberhard said he wanted to build "a car manufacturer that is also a technology company", with its core technologies as "the battery, the computer software, and the proprietary motor". [15]

Ian Wright was Tesla's third employee, joining a few months later. [13] In February 2004, the company raised $7.5 million in series A funding, including $6.5 million from Elon Musk, who had received $100 million from the sale of his interest in PayPal two years earlier. Musk became the chairman of the board of directors and the largest shareholder of Tesla. [16] [17] [14] J. B. Straubel joined Tesla in May 2004 as chief technical officer. [18]

A lawsuit settlement agreed to by Eberhard and Tesla in September 2009 allows all five – Eberhard, Tarpenning, Wright, Musk, and Straubel – to call themselves co-founders. [19]

Roadster (2005–2009)

Elon Musk took an active role within the company and oversaw Roadster product design at a detailed level, but was not deeply involved in day-to-day business operations. [20] The company's strategy was to start with a premium sports car aimed at early adopters and then move into more mainstream vehicles, including sedans and affordable compacts. [21]

In February 2006, Musk led Tesla's Series B venture capital funding round of $13 million, which added Valor Equity Partners to the funding team. [22] [17] Musk co-led the third, $40 million round in May 2006 which saw investment from prominent entrepreneurs including Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page, and former eBay President Jeff Skoll. [23] A fourth round worth $45 million in May 2007 brought the total private financing investment to over $105 million. [23]

Tesla's first car, the Roadster, was officially revealed to the public on July 19, 2006, in Santa Monica, California, at a 350-person invitation-only event held in Barker Hangar at Santa Monica Airport. [24]

In August 2007, Eberhard was asked by the board, led by Elon Musk, to step down as CEO. [25] Eberhard then took the title of "President of Technology" before ultimately leaving the company in January 2008. Co-founder Marc Tarpenning, who served as the Vice President of Electrical Engineering of the company, also left the company in January 2008. [26] In August 2007, Michael Marks was brought in as interim CEO, and in December 2007, Ze'ev Drori became CEO and President. [27] Musk succeeded Drori as CEO in October 2008. [27] In June 2009, Eberhard filed a lawsuit against Musk for allegedly forcing him out. [28]

Tesla began production of the Roadster in 2008. [29]

By January 2009, Tesla had raised $187 million and delivered 147 cars. Musk had contributed $70 million of his own money to the company. [30]

In June 2009, Tesla was approved to receive $465 million in interest-bearing loans from the United States Department of Energy. The funding, part of the $8 billion Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program, supported engineering and production of the Model S sedan, as well as the development of commercial powertrain technology. [31] Tesla repaid the loan in May 2013, with $12 million interest. [32] [33]

IPO, Model S, and Model X (2010–2015)

First deliveries of Model S at the Tesla Fremont Factory in California, in June 2012

In May 2010, Tesla purchased what would later become the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, from Toyota for $42 million, [34] and opened the facility in October 2010 to start production of the Model S. [35] On June 29, 2010, the company became a public company via an initial public offering (IPO) on NASDAQ, the first American car company to do so since the Ford Motor Company had its IPO in 1956. [36] The company issued 13.3 million shares of common stock at a price of $17.00 per share, raising $226 million. [37]

In January 2012, Tesla ceased production of the Roadster, and in June the company launched its second car, the Model S luxury sedan. [38] The Model S won several automotive awards during 2012 and 2013, including the 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, [39] and became the first electric car to top the monthly sales ranking of a country, when it achieved first place in the Norwegian new car sales list in September 2013. [40] The Model S was also the bestselling plug-in electric car worldwide for the years 2015 and 2016. [41]

Tesla announced the Tesla Autopilot, a driver-assistance system, in 2014. In September that year, all Tesla cars started shipping with sensors and software to support the feature, with what would later be called "hardware version 1". [42] In April 2015, Tesla entered the energy storage market, unveiling its Tesla Powerwall (home) and Tesla Powerpack (business) battery packs. [43] The company received orders valued at $800 million within a week of the unveiling. [44]

Tesla began shipping its third vehicle, the luxury SUV Tesla Model X, in September 2015, at which time it had 25,000 pre-orders. [45] [46]

SolarCity and Model 3 (2016–2018)

In November 2016, Tesla acquired SolarCity, in an all-stock $2.6 billion deal, and entered the photovoltaics market. [47] The solar installation business was merged with Tesla's existing battery energy storage products division to form the Tesla Energy subsidiary. [48] The deal was controversial because at the time of the acquisition, SolarCity was facing liquidity issues of which Tesla's shareholders were not informed. [49]

In February 2017, Tesla Motors changed its name to Tesla, Inc. to better reflect the scope of its expanded business, which now included electric vehicles, battery energy storage systems, and solar power generation. [50] [51] [52]

That year Tesla also started its philanthropic effort. Tesla made multiple contributions of solar power to areas recovering from disasters in 2017, in particular installing a solar plus storage system to restore electricity at a hospital in Puerto Rico, following the destruction from Hurricane Maria. [53] [54] In July 2018, the company donated $37.5 million to kindergarten to 12th grade science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education in Nevada. [55]

Tesla began selling its fourth vehicle model, the Model 3 sedan, in July 2017. [56] The Model 3 was a cheaper vehicle compared to previous Tesla vehicles, and was intended for the mass market. It was highly anticipated, which prompted the company to try to speed up production. [57] By August 2017, there were 455,000 reservations for the Model 3. [58] The rollout was plagued by delays and production problems. [59] This increased pressure on the company, which at this time was one of the most shorted companies in the market.

In August 2018, CEO Elon Musk briefly considered taking Tesla private. [60] [61] The plan did not materialize, and gave rise to much controversy and many lawsuits including a securities fraud charge from the SEC. By the end of 2018, the production problems had been overcome, and the Model 3 was the world's bestselling plug-in electric car for the year. [62]

Global expansion and Model Y (2019–present)

Tesla opened its first "Gigafactory" outside the United States in Shanghai, China, in 2019. Giga Shanghai was the first automobile factory in China fully owned by a foreign company, and was built in less than six months. [63] The following year Tesla also started construction on a new Gigafactory near Berlin, Germany, and another in Texas, United States. In March 2020, Tesla began deliveries of its fifth vehicle model, the Model Y crossover. [64]

On January 10, 2020, Tesla reached a market capitalization of $86 billion, breaking the record for highest valuation of any American automaker. [65] On June 10, 2020, Tesla's market capitalization surpassed those of BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen combined. [66] The next month, Tesla reached a valuation of $206 billion, surpassing Toyota's $202 billion to become the world's most valuable automaker by market capitalization. [67] On August 31, 2020, following this increase in value, Tesla had a 5-for-1 stock split. [68]

From July 2019 to June 2020, Tesla reported four profitable quarters in a row for the first time, which made it eligible for inclusion in the S&P 500. [69] Tesla was added to the index on December 21, 2020. [70] It was the largest company ever added, and the sixth-largest company in the index at the time of its inclusion. [70] As investors tried to buy more shares as a result of this inclusion, some analysts, such as J.P. Morgan's Ryan Brinkman, suggested investors exercise caution as Tesla was "dramatically" overvalued. [71] Throughout 2020, the share price of Tesla increased 740%, [72] and on January 26, 2021, its market capitalization reached $848 billion, [73] more than the next nine largest automakers combined and making it the 5th most valuable company in the US. [74] [75]

From 2015 to 2020, Tesla acquired companies including Riviera Tool, Grohmann Engineering, Perbix, Compass Automation, Hibar Systems, and German ATW Automation to advance Tesla's expertise in automation, along with Maxwell Technologies and SilLion to add to Tesla's abilities in battery technology. [76] [77] Grohmann (renamed Tesla Automation) and Maxwell would continue to operate as subsidiary companies, while the rest would be merged into Tesla. In July 2021, Musk acknowledged that Tesla had sold Maxwell to the former VP of sales for Maxwell. [78]

In January 2020, Tesla donated RMB 5,000,000 ($723,000 in 2020 dollars) to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention to fight the COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China. [79] [80]

In October 2020, Tesla told Electrek that it had dissolved its public relations (PR) department (with the exception of a few PR managers representing Tesla's European and Asian markets), becoming the first automaker to do so. [81]

Tesla hit its goal of building 500,000 cars in 2020. [82] The company ended the year with over $19 billion of cash, [83] compared to $6.3 billion at the end of 2019. [84]

In February 2021, Tesla revealed that it had invested $1.5 billion in bitcoin in 2020 [83] [85] and on March 24 the company started accepting bitcoin as a form of payment for vehicle purchases in the United States and stated that it would introduce bitcoin payment in other countries later that year. [86] At the time, Musk tweeted that "Bitcoin paid to Tesla will be retained as Bitcoin, not converted to fiat currency." [87][ non-primary source needed] It was later revealed in financial documents that between January 1 and March 31, 2021, Tesla had made a $101 million profit on the sale of bitcoin. After 49 days of accepting the digital currency, the company reversed course on May 12, 2021, saying they would no longer take bitcoin due to concerns that "mining" the cryptocurrency was contributing to the consumption of fossil fuels and climate change. [88] The decision resulted in the price of bitcoin dropping around 12% on May 13. [89] During a July bitcoin conference, Musk suggested Tesla could help bitcoin miners switch to renewable energy in the future and also stated at the same conference that if bitcoin mining reaches, and trends above 50 percent renewable energy usage, that "Tesla would resume accepting bitcoin." The price for bitcoin rose after this announcement. [90] In July 2022 it was reported that Tesla had sold about 75% of its bitcoin holdings. [91] It was worth $936 million. [92]

After earlier disputes with California officials over COVID-19 restrictions, on December 1, 2021, Tesla moved its headquarters from Palo Alto, California, to its Gigafactory in Austin, Texas. [93] [94] However, Musk stated that Tesla would continue to operate its Fremont factory in the San Francisco Bay Area, [94] and will continue to expand in California. [95] In September 2021, Tesla broke ground on a new battery factory in Lathrop, California, [96] and signed a lease in October 2021 for additional office space in Palo Alto. [97] Musk announced in February 2023 that Tesla would establish its global engineering headquarters in Palo Alto, moving into a corporate campus once owned by HP. [98]

Also in October 2021, Tesla's market capitalization reached $1 trillion, the sixth company to do so in U.S. history, on news that car rental company Hertz had placed an order for 100,000 Tesla vehicles for its fleet. [99]

In March 2022, Tesla launched its new car factory outside Berlin, with Musk handing over the first deliveries to customers. Giga Berlin is the largest plant for electric vehicles in Europe. [100] In April 2022, Tesla celebrated the public opening of the Giga Texas facility with its Cyber Rodeo event, attended by an estimated 15,000 invitees. [101]

In June 2022, Musk said in an email sent to employees that he was reducing salaried headcount by 10 percent because the company had become "overstaffed in many areas", adding that "hourly headcount will increase." He also said in a tweet Tesla's total number of employees would increase over the next year, but said the number of salaried staff would remain "fairly flat". [102]

In August 2022, Musk claimed that Tesla had made more than 3 million cars. [103]

In 2023, Tesla had to pause plans to double Giga Shanghai production to 2 million cars per year after encountering roadblocks from the Chinese central government. Officials there expressed concerns with Elon's activities at SpaceX, in particular the quickly expanding military applications of Starlink and its potential impact on global strategic defense. [104]

In March 2023, Musk announced that the next Gigafactory will be constructed in Monterrey, Mexico. [105]

Automotive products

As of December 2022, Tesla offers four car models: Model S, Model X, Model 3 and Model Y, and a semi-truck. Tesla's first vehicle, the first-generation Tesla Roadster, is no longer sold. Tesla has plans for a second-generation Roadster and a pickup called the Cybertruck.

In production

Model S

Tesla Model S

The Model S is a five-door liftback sedan. Deliveries began on June 22, 2012. [106] The car became the first electric vehicle to top the monthly sales ranking in any country, when it achieved first place in the Norwegian new car sales list in September 2013. [107] [40] The Model S won the 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, [39] the 2013 " World Green Car", [108] Automobile magazine's 2013 "Car of the Year", [109] Time magazine's Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award, [110] as well as the 2019 Motor Trend "Ultimate Car of the Year". [111]

The Model S was the bestselling plug-in electric car worldwide for the years 2015 and 2016, selling an estimated 50,931 units in 2016. [41] By the end of 2017, it was the world's second bestselling plug-in electric car in history (after the Nissan Leaf), with global sales of 200,000 units. [112] In June 2020, Tesla announced that the Model S Long Range Plus had an EPA range of 402 miles (647 km), the highest of any battery electric vehicle at the time. [113]

Model X

Tesla Model X

The Tesla Model X is a mid-size crossover SUV. It is offered in 5-, 6- and 7-passenger configurations. The Model X was developed from the full-sized sedan platform of the Model S. The rear passenger doors open vertically with an articulating "falcon-wing" design.

Deliveries started in September 2015. [114] In 2016, after one full year on the market, the Model X ranked seventh among the world's bestselling plug-in cars. [41] The United States is its main market, with an estimated 57,327 units sold through September 2018. [115]

Model 3

Tesla Model 3

The Model 3 is a four-door fastback sedan. Tesla unveiled the Model 3 on March 31, 2016. [116] Potential customers began reserving spots earlier that day with a refundable deposit. [117] One week after the unveiling, Tesla reported over 325,000 reservations. [118] Bloomberg News claimed that, due to the number of reservations, "the Model 3's unveiling was unique in the 100-year history of the mass-market automobile." [119] Limited vehicle production began in July 2017. [120]

Since March 2020, the Model 3 is the world's bestselling electric car in history, and cumulative global sales passed the 1 million milestone in June 2021. [9] [121] [122] The Model 3 has ranked as the world's bestselling plug-in electric car for four consecutive years, from 2018 to 2021, [122] [123] [124] and also as the bestselling plug-in electric car in the United States since 2018. [125] [126] [127] The Model 3 also set records in Norway and the Netherlands, as the bestselling passenger car model in those countries in 2019. [128] [129]

Model Y

Tesla Model Y

The Model Y is a compact crossover utility vehicle. The Model Y is built on a platform that shares many components with the Model 3. [130] The car has up to three rows of seats (up to 7 people), [131] 68 cubic feet (1.9 m3) of cargo space (with the second and third rows folded), [132] and has an EPA range of up to 326 miles (525 km). [133]

The Model Y was unveiled on March 14, 2019. [134] Deliveries for the Model Y started on March 13, 2020. The Tesla Model Y is being manufactured at Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, [135] as well as in Giga Shanghai in China. Giga Berlin produces the Performance, AWD and RWD versions of the Model Y. [136]

Tesla Semi

Tesla Semi

The Tesla Semi is an all-electric Class 8 semi-trailer truck announced in November 2017. Musk confirmed that two variants would be available: one with 300 miles (480 km) and one with 500 miles (800 km) of range. [137] The Semi will be powered by four independent electric motors of the type used in the Tesla Model 3 and will include an extensive set of hardware sensors to enable it to stay in its own lane, a safe distance away from other vehicles, and later, when software and regulatory conditions allow, provide self-driving operation on highways. [138] Musk also announced that the company would be involved in installing a solar-powered global network of Tesla Megachargers to make the Semi more attractive to potential long-haul customers. A 30-minute charge would provide 400 miles (640 km) of range. [139] [140]

Musk initially said in 2017 that Semi deliveries would start in 2019 and be selling 100,000 trucks a year, but deliveries were later delayed to 2021 and then 2022. [141] Part of the reason for the delays, according to Musk, is that the Semi includes five times more battery cells than their passenger cars, and the battery supply is not yet sufficient for both Tesla cars and the Semi. [142] [143]

In October 2022, the company announced it would deliver its first all-electric semitrailer truck for PepsiCo in December, in what would be the first new model the company would give to consumers since the beginning of 2020, when it started delivering the Model Y crossover. At the time of the announcement, the trucks would support PepsiCo plants in Sacramento and Modesto, California. [144] [145] [146]

Future products

Roadster (second generation)

Tesla Roadster prototype

In a surprise reveal at the end of the event that introduced the Tesla Semi on November 16, 2017, Tesla unveiled the second generation Roadster. Musk said that the new model will have a range of 620 miles (1,000 km) with the 200 kilowatt-hours (720 MJ) battery pack and will achieve 0–60 miles per hour (0–97 km/h) in 1.9 seconds; it also will achieve 0–100 miles per hour (0–161 km/h) in 4.2 seconds, [147] and the top speed will be over 250 miles per hour (400 km/h). The SpaceX Package will include cold air thrusters that will increase the speed even more. [148] The vehicle will have three electric motors allowing for all-wheel drive and torque vectoring during cornering. [148]

At the time, the base price was set at $200,000, while the first 1,000 units (the Founder's series) will sell for $250,000. [148] Reservations required a deposit of $50,000, and those who ordered the Founder's series paid the $250,000 in full upon ordering. Those who made a reservation at the event were allowed a test drive (with a driver) in the prototype. [149] Deliveries are expected to start in 2023. [150]


Tesla Cybertruck

The Cybertruck is a pickup truck unveiled on November 21, 2019. [151] Production has been delayed past 2022, and as of February 2023 it is scheduled to be Mid 2023. [152] The truck's design had a mixed reception, and some Wall Street analysts questioned whether American pickup truck buyers will have interest in the Cybertruck. [153] [154] [155] On September 22, 2020, Musk revealed roughly 600,000 Cybertruck preorders. [156] James Goodwin, chief executive of ANCAP, said in 2019 that the design of the Cybertruck could pose safety risks, saying that the front "would look like it's not very forgiving". [157] After the Cybertruck's unveiling, Musk announced that the Tesla Cyberquad, an electric four-wheel quad bike revealed alongside the Cybertruck, would be an optional accessory for Cybertruck buyers. [158]

Tesla next-generation vehicle

The Tesla next-generation vehicle is an upcoming battery electric car under development by Tesla as of 2022. The unnamed next-generation vehicle will be the third mainstream platform for the company and Musk has claimed that its production volumes will greatly surpass those of the Model 3/Y platform, which would happen no earlier than 2025 according to Forbes. [159]


Tesla Roadster

The original Roadster

The only discontinued Tesla vehicle model is the original Tesla Roadster. [160] The Roadster was a two-seater sports car, evolved from the Lotus Elise chassis, [161] that was produced from 2008 to 2012. The Roadster was the first highway legal serial production all-electric car to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production all-electric car to travel more than 200 miles (320 km) per charge. It is also the first production car to be launched into space; Musk launched his Roadster into a Mars-crossing orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket test flight on February 6, 2018. [162]

Other concepts

On July 20, 2016, Musk detailed his new master plan "part deux" for Tesla. It includes more affordable cars produced in higher volume, solar roofs, mid-size vehicles, SUVs and pickup trucks, as well as the refinement of autonomous vehicles and the creation of a sharing economy, in which cars can be active while the owner is not using them. [163] Tesla's plan also indicated building a minibus on the Model X platform, [164] but in May 2017, Musk indicated that he might favor a 10–12 passenger version of the Model X over a dedicated minibus design. [165] Musk dashed hopes for a Tesla motorcycle, saying in 2018 "we're not going to do motorcycles". [166]

Also in 2016, Musk revealed Tesla's intention to produce a car cheaper than the Model 3. [167] In 2018, Musk indicated a plan to enter a new market segment, offering a compact hatchback in "less than five years". [168] [169] In 2020, Musk said Tesla expects to have a $25,000 electric car within 3 years, which "will basically be on-par or slightly better than a comparable gasoline car". [170]

In April 2019, Musk announced Tesla's intention to launch an autonomous taxi service by the end of 2020 using more than 1 million Tesla vehicles. [171] A year later, in April 2020, Musk stated Tesla would not make the end of 2020 deadline but said, "we'll have the functionality necessary for full self-driving by the end of the year." [172]

Tesla Energy products

Two Tesla Powerwall 2 home energy storage devices from Tesla Energy

Tesla subsidiary Tesla Energy develops, builds, sells and installs solar energy generation systems and battery energy storage products (as well as related products and services) to residential, commercial and industrial customers.

The subsidiary was created by the merger of Tesla's existing battery energy storage products division with SolarCity, a solar energy company that Tesla acquired in 2016. [173]

Tesla Energy's generation products include solar panels (built by other companies for Tesla), the Tesla Solar Roof (a solar shingle system) and the Tesla Solar Inverter. Other products include the Powerwall (a home energy storage device) and the Powerpack and Megapack, which are large-scale energy storage systems. [174] [175] [176] Tesla Energy also develops software to allow customers to monitor and control their systems. [177] [178]

In 2022, the company deployed solar energy systems capable of generating 348 megawatts, an increase of 3 megawatts over 2021, and deployed 6.5 gigawatt-hours of battery energy storage products, an increase of 64% over 2021. [179]

Other services

Tesla receives service revenue from its vehicle customers after their initial purchase; these revenues reached $1.47 billion in 2022 Q2. [180] As of August 2020, those services include vehicle servicing, charging, insurance, software upgrades, and improved connectivity. In July 2021, Tesla made Full Self-Driving available as a monthly subscription. [181] Future services which have been discussed include paying for a Wi-Fi hotspot in the car [182] and the Tesla robotaxi network. [183]


Supercharger network

Supercharger station in Menlo Park, New Jersey

In 2012, Tesla began building a network of 480-volt fast-charging Supercharger stations. As of June 2022, Tesla operates 36,165 Superchargers in 3,971 stations worldwide [184] (an average of 9 chargers per station). The Supercharger is a proprietary direct current (DC) technology that provides up to 250 kilowatts (kW) of power. [185] All Tesla cars except the first generation Roadster come standard with hardware to charge at Superchargers. [186] The navigation software in Tesla cars can recommend the fastest route for long-distance travel, incorporating charging stops. [187]

Model S and X cars ordered before January 15, 2017, [188] and between August 3, 2019, [189] and May 26, 2020, [190] received free unlimited supercharging. Model S and X cars ordered between January 15, 2017, and August 3, 2019, got 400 kWh (1,400 MJ) of free Supercharging credits per year, which provides a range of roughly 1,000 miles per year (1,600 kilometres per year). [191] Subsequent Tesla models never received free unlimited supercharging. [192]

Destination charging location network

"Destination Charger" in North America

In 2014, Tesla launched the "Destination Charging location" network by providing chargers to hotels, restaurants, shopping centers and resorts (and other locations where Tesla owners may spend an hour or more) to provide on-site vehicle charging at twice the power of a typical home charging station. [193]

Destination chargers are installed free of charge by Tesla-certified contractors; the locations originally were required to provide the electricity at no cost to their customers. [194] As of August 2022, locations with six or more destination chargers may start charging for electricity. [195] All destination chargers appear in the in-car navigation system. [196]

North American Charging Standard

In November 2022, Tesla renamed its previously proprietary charging connector to " North American Charging Standard" (NACS), and made the specifications available to other EV manufacturers. The name was criticized, as at the time of the announcement the connector was not the standard in North America, with all other automakers using the Combined Charging System (CCS) connector. Tesla argued that its NACS should become the connector of choice because it is more compact, its vehicles outnumber CCS equipped vehicles by a margin of two-to-one and that there were then 60% more NACS connectors installed than CCS connectors. [197] [198] [199] [200]

In May 2023, Ford announced integration of the NACS system into their electric vehicles. Starting from mid-2024, new Ford electric vehicles will have native NACS charge ports. Legacy Ford electric models will be able to connect to the NACS system and its chargers by use of an adapter. [201]

Software updates and upgrades

Tesla vehicles' software is regularly updated over-the-air when new software and firmware versions are released. This allows the cars to remain up to date and improve after purchase. [202] Tesla also offers the option to unlock features in the car through over-the-air software upgrades after purchase. Available upgrades include basic Autopilot, Full Self Driving, [203] acceleration boost (for Model 3 owners), [204] and rear-heated seats (for Model 3 owners). [205]


All Tesla cars come with "Standard Connectivity" which provides navigation using a cellular connection, and the following only over Wi-Fi or Bluetooth: internet browsing, music streaming (with a paid subscription), and, when parked, video streaming and " caraoke". [206] "Premium Connectivity" adds cellular access to those features and also provides live traffic and satellite maps for navigation. [206] [207]

Vehicle servicing

Tesla service strategy is to service its vehicles first through remote diagnosis and repair. If it is not possible to resolve a problem remotely, customers are referred to a local Tesla-owned service center, or a mobile technician is dispatched. [208] [209] Tesla has said that it does not want to make a profit on vehicle servicing, which has traditionally been a large profit center for most auto dealerships. [210]

In 2016, Tesla recommended having any Tesla car inspected every 12,500 miles or once a year, whichever comes first. In early 2019, the manual was changed to say: "your Tesla does not require annual maintenance and regular fluid changes," and instead it recommends periodic servicing of the brake fluid, air conditioning, tires and air filters. [211]


On June 4, 2017, the American Automobile Association raised insurance rates for Tesla owners following a report from the Highway Loss Data Institute. [212] The report concluded that the Model S crashes 46% more often and is 50% more expensive to repair than comparable vehicles. [212] Similarly, the Model X was concluded to crash 41% more often and to be 89% more expensive to repair than similar vehicles. [212] As a result, AAA raised insurance rates on Tesla cars by 30%. [212] Tesla said that the analysis is "severely flawed and not reflective of reality", however, Tesla failed to provide any contradictory numbers. [212] Shortly thereafter, Russ Rader, the spokesman for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, confirmed the AAA's analysis and that "Teslas get into a lot of crashes and are costly to repair afterward". [213] [214] The following year, an analysis of claim frequency and insurance cost data by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety conducted by financial research provider 24/7 Wall St. found that the Tesla Model S and Model X were the two most expensive vehicles to insure. [215] Musk stated that he expects these insurance rates will greatly decrease once driver-assist and self-driving technology become commonplace. [215]

Starting in October 2017, Tesla partnered with Liberty Mutual Insurance Company to offer US customers an insurance plan designed specifically for Tesla cars. [216] [217] In August 2019, this partnership was superseded by a partnership with State National Insurance, [218] [219] but was initially only available to Tesla owners in California. [218] In July 2020, Musk, relying on data obtained through the partnership with State National Insurance, announced that Tesla was creating its own "major" insurance company. [220] Tesla claims the insurance uses individual vehicle data to offer personalized pricing. [220]

As of January 2023, Tesla offers insurance in Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, Utah and Virginia. [221]

Business strategy

Robotic manufacturing of the Model S at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California

At the time of Tesla's founding in 2003, electric vehicles were very expensive. [222] In 2006, Elon Musk stated that Tesla's strategy was to first produce high-price, low-volume vehicles, such as sports cars, for which customers are less sensitive to price. This would allow them to progressively bring down the cost of batteries, which in turn would allow them to offer cheaper and higher volume cars. [21] [223] Tesla's first vehicle, the Roadster, was low-volume (fewer than 2,500 were produced) and priced at over $100,000. The next models, the Model S and Model X, are more affordable but still luxury vehicles. The most recent models, the Model 3 and the Model Y, are priced still lower, and aimed at a higher volume market, [224] [225] selling over 100,000 vehicles each quarter. Tesla continuously updates the hardware of its cars rather than waiting for a new model year, as opposed to nearly every other car manufacturer. [226]

Unlike other automakers, Tesla does not rely on franchised auto dealerships to sell vehicles. Instead, the company directly sells vehicles through its website and a network of company-owned stores. [227] [228] The company is the first automaker in the United States to sell cars directly to consumers. [229] [230] Some jurisdictions, particularly in the United States, prohibit auto manufacturers from directly selling vehicles to consumers. In these areas, Tesla has locations that it calls galleries that the company says "educate and inform customers about our products, but such locations do not actually transact in the sale of vehicles." [231] [232] In total, Tesla operates nearly 400 stores and galleries in more than 35 countries. [233] These locations are typically located in retail shopping districts, inside shopping malls, or other high-traffic areas, [228] instead of near other auto dealerships. [234] [235] [236]

Tesla is notable for spending no money on paid advertising campaigns, unlike other automakers. [237]

The Tesla Patent Wall at its headquarters was removed after the company announced its patents are part of the open source movement. [238]

Tesla has a high degree of vertical integration, [239] estimated at 80% in 2016. [240] The company produces vehicle components as well as building proprietary stations where customers can charge their vehicles. Vertical integration is rare in the automotive industry, where companies typically outsource 80% of components to suppliers and focus on engine manufacturing and final assembly. [241] [242] Tesla used low-cost strategy as a business approach, with which they can expand their business into a broader market by offering standard technology items. [243]

Tesla generally allows its competitors to license its technology, stating that it wants to help its competitors accelerate the world's use of sustainable energy. [244] Licensing agreements include provisions whereby the recipient agrees not to file patent suits against Tesla, or to copy its designs directly. [245] Tesla retains control of its other intellectual property, such as trademarks and trade secrets to prevent direct copying of its technology. [246]


Tesla develops many components in-house, such as batteries, motors, and software. [240]

Vehicle batteries

Tesla vehicle chassis used in Model S and X, with the battery visible

Tesla was the first automaker to use batteries containing thousands of small, cylindrical, lithium-ion commodity cells like those used in consumer electronics. [247] [248] [249] Tesla uses a version of these cells that is designed to be cheaper to manufacture and lighter than standard cells by removing some safety features; according to Tesla, these features are redundant because of the advanced thermal management system and an intumescent chemical in the battery to prevent fires. [250]

The batteries are placed under the vehicle floor. This saves interior and trunk (boot) space but increases the risk of battery damage by debris or impact (see crashes and fires). After two vehicle fires in 2013 due to road debris, the Model S was retrofitted with a multi-part aluminum and titanium protection system to reduce the possibility of damage. [251]

In 2016, former Tesla CTO J.B. Straubel expected batteries to last 10–15 years, [252] and discounted using electric cars to charge the grid with vehicle-to-grid because the related battery wear outweighs economic benefit. [253] He also preferred recycling over re-use for grid once they reach the end of their useful life for vehicles. [253] [254] Tesla launched its battery recycling operation at Giga Nevada in 2019. [255] Straubel independently founded battery recycling company Redwood Materials in 2017, which supplies recycled materials to Panasonic. [256]

Panasonic is Tesla's supplier of cells in the United States, and cooperates with Tesla in producing cylindrical 2170 batteries at Giga Nevada. [257] In January 2021, Panasonic had the capacity to produce 39 GWh per year of batteries at Giga Nevada. [258] Tesla's battery cells used in Giga Shanghai are supplied by Panasonic and Contemporary Amperex Technology (CATL), and are the more traditional prismatic (rectangular) cells used by other automakers. [259] As of April 2022, nearly half of all Tesla's vehicles produced last quarter are using cobalt-free Lithium iron phosphate battery (LFP) made in China. [260]

Battery research

Tesla invests in lithium-ion battery research. Starting in 2016, the company established a 5-year battery research and development partnership at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia, Canada, with lead researcher Jeff Dahn. [261] [262] [263] [264] Tesla acquired two battery companies: Maxwell Technologies, acquired for over $200 million [265] – but sold in 2021 [266] and Hibar Systems. [267] [268]

During Tesla's Battery Day event on September 22, 2020, Tesla announced the next generation of batteries, featuring a tab-less battery design to increase the range and decrease the price of Tesla vehicles. [269] The new battery is named the "4680" in reference to its dimensions: 46 millimetres (1.8 in) wide by 80 millimetres (3.1 in) tall. [270] Two weeks before Battery Day, Tesla paid a total of $3 to buy several battery manufacturing patent applications from Springpower International, a small Canadian battery company. [271] [272]

Tesla predicted the new batteries could be up to 56% cheaper and allow the cars to have a 54% longer range. [273] The company said this would be achieved by a more efficient production process, new battery design, cheaper resources for the anode and cathode, and better integration into the vehicle. [274] Business analysis company BloombergNEF estimated Tesla's battery pack price in 2021 at $112 per kWh, versus an industry average of $132 per kWh. [275] As of December 2021, BloombergNEF estimates the industry as a whole will reach $100 per kWh in 2024. [276] The United States Department of Energy estimated in 2020 that battery prices of about $100 per kWh would cause electric cars to reach cost parity with their gasoline-powered counterparts, which in turn would accelerate sales of new electric cars. [277]


Tesla makes two kinds of electric motors. Its oldest design in production is a three-phase four-pole alternating current induction motor with a copper rotor [278] (which inspired the Tesla logo), which is used as the rear motor in the Model S and Model X. Newer, higher-efficiency permanent magnet motors are used in the Model 3, Model Y, the front motor of 2019-onward versions of the Model S and X, and are expected to be used in the Tesla Semi. [279] The permanent magnet motors increase efficiency, especially in stop-start driving. [280]


Tesla Autopilot in operation

Autopilot is an advanced driver-assistance system developed by Tesla. The system requires active driver supervision at all times. [281]

Since September 2014, all Tesla cars are shipped with sensors (initially hardware version 1 or "HW1") and software to support Autopilot. [282] Tesla upgraded its sensors and software in October 2016 ("HW2") to support full self-driving in the future. [283] HW2 includes eight cameras, twelve ultrasonic sensors, and forward-facing radar. [283] HW2.5 was released in mid-2017, and it upgraded HW2 with a second graphics processing unit (GPU) and, for the Model 3 only, a driver-facing camera. [284] HW3 was released in early 2019 with an updated and more powerful computer, employing a custom Tesla-designed system on a chip. [285]

In April 2019, Tesla announced that all of its cars will include Autopilot software (defined as just Traffic-Aware Cruise Control and Autosteer (Beta)) as a standard feature moving forward. [286] Full self-driving software ( Autopark, Navigate on Autopilot (Beta), Auto Lane Change (Beta), Summon (Beta), Smart Summon (Beta) and future abilities) is an extra cost option. [286]

In 2020, Tesla released software updates where its cars recognize and automatically stop at stop signs and traffic lights. [287] [288] [289] In May 2021, Tesla removed the radar sensor and radar features from its Model 3 and Model Y vehicles, opting instead to rely on camera vision alone. [290] [291] [292] The New York Times reported in December 2021 that Musk "repeatedly told members of the Autopilot team that humans could drive with only two eyes and that this meant cars should be able to drive with cameras alone," an analogy some experts and former Tesla engineers described as "deeply flawed." [293] Similarly, a statistical analysis conducted in A Methodology for Normalizing Safety Statistics of Partially Automated Vehicles debunked a common Tesla claim that Autopilot reduced crash rates by 40 percent [294] by accounting for the relative safety of the given operating domain when using active safety measures. [295]

Full Self-Driving

Full Self-Driving (FSD) is an optional extension of Autopilot promoted as eventually being able to perform fully autonomous driving. At the end of 2016, Tesla expected to demonstrate full autonomy by the end of 2017, [296] which as of July 2022 has not occurred. [297] The first beta version of the software was released on October 22, 2020, to a small group of testers. [298] The release of the beta has renewed concern regarding whether the technology is ready for testing on public roads. [299] [300] The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has called for "tougher requirements" for any testing of Autopilot on public roads. [301]

Tesla's approach to achieve full autonomy is different from that of other companies. [302] Whereas Waymo, Cruise, and other companies are relying on highly detailed (centimeter-scale) three-dimensional maps, lidar, and cameras, as well as radar and ultrasonic sensors in their autonomous vehicles, Tesla's approach is to use coarse-grained two-dimensional maps and cameras (no lidar) as well as radar and ultrasonic sensors. [302] [303] Tesla claims that although its approach is much more difficult, it will ultimately be more useful, because its vehicles will be able to self-drive without geofencing concerns. [304] Tesla's self-driving software has been trained on over 20 billion miles driven by Tesla vehicles as of January 2021. [305] Tesla also designed a self-driving computer chip that has been installed in its cars since March 2019. [306]

Most experts believe that Tesla's approach of trying to achieve full self-driving by eschewing lidar and high-definition maps is not feasible. [307] [308] [309] In March 2021, according to a letter that Tesla sent to the California Department of Motor Vehicles about FSD's capability – acquired by PlainSite via a public records request – Tesla stated that FSD is not capable of autonomous driving and is only at Society of Automotive Engineers Level 2 automation. [310] In a May 2021 study by Guidehouse Insights, Tesla was ranked last for both strategy and execution in the autonomous driving sector. [311] In October 2021, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) called on Tesla to change the design of its Autopilot to ensure it cannot be misused by drivers, according to a letter sent to Musk. [312]

Assembly technology

Tesla has pioneered the use of massive casting machines ( Giga Press), to make large single pieces of vehicle underbodies and to streamline production. [313]

In September 2022, Tesla revealed prototypes of its proposed humanoid robot Optimus, which Musk has stated uses the same core software as FSD. During the presentations at Tesla's AI Day 2022, Musk suggested that, among other use cases, the finalized version of Optimus could be used in Tesla's car factories to help with repetitive tasks and relieve labor shortages. [314]


In November 2016, the company announced the Tesla glass technology group. The group produced the roof glass for the Tesla Model 3. It also produces the glass used in the Tesla Solar Roof's solar shingles. [315]


The company operates six large factories. The company also operates showrooms and galleries around the world. [316] [317]

Summary of main facilities operated by Tesla
Opened Name City Country Employees Products Ref.
2010 Tesla Fremont Factory Fremont, California United States 10,000 Model S, Model X, Model 3, Model Y [34] [318] [319]
2016 Gigafactory Nevada Storey County, Nevada United States 7,000 Batteries, Powerwall, Powerpack, Megapack, Semi [320] [321] [322]
2017 Gigafactory New York Buffalo, New York United States 1,500 Solar Roof, Superchargers [323] [324]
2019 Gigafactory Shanghai Shanghai China 15,000 Model 3, Model Y [325] [326]
2022 Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg Grünheide Germany 10,000 Model Y (planned: batteries, Model 3) [327] [328] [329]
2022 Gigafactory Texas Austin, Texas United States 12,000 Model Y, batteries (planned: Cybertruck, Model 3, Semi) [330] [331] [332]

United States

New Tesla Model S cars at the Tesla Fremont Factory in 2012

Tesla was founded in San Carlos, California. [333] In 2010, Tesla moved its corporate headquarters and opened a powertrain development facility in Palo Alto. [334]

Tesla's first retail store was opened in 2008 in Los Angeles, [335] followed by others in major U.S. cities. As of June 2022, Tesla operates 196 stores and galleries in the United States, [336] has stores and galleries in 34 other countries, and has 655 service centers globally. [337]

Tesla's first assembly plant occupies the former NUMMI plant in Fremont, California, known as the Tesla Fremont Factory. The factory was originally opened by General Motors in 1962, and then operated by a joint venture of GM and Toyota from 1984. [338] The original factory was closed in 2010, and was acquired by Tesla the same year. [34]

The first major battery production facility was opened in Nevada in 2016. Gigafactory Nevada (originally Gigafactory 1) produces Powerwalls, Powerpacks and Megapacks; [320] battery cells in partnership with Panasonic; [339] and Model 3 battery packs and drivetrains. [340] The factory received substantial subsidies from the local and state government, that, in exchange for opening in their jurisdiction, allowed Tesla to operate essentially tax free for 10 years. [341]

As part of the acquisition of SolarCity in 2016, Tesla acquired Gigafactory New York located in Buffalo, New York, on the site of a former Republic Steel plant. SolarCity had received incentives to locate its factory in Buffalo through the Buffalo Billion program. [342] [343] In 2017, the factory started production of solar shingles for the Tesla Solar Roof. [323] Between 2017 and 2020 Tesla partnered with Panasonic to assemble photovoltaic modules at the plant.

In May 2020, after Alameda County had refused to let the Tesla factory reopen after a COVID-19 lockdown, Elon Musk threatened that he would move the company's headquarters from California to Texas or Nevada. [344]

On July 23, 2020, Tesla picked Austin, Texas, as the site of Gigafactory 5, since then known as Gigafactory Texas [345] Giga Texas is planned to be the main factory for the Tesla Cybertruck and the Tesla Semi; it will also produce Model 3 and Model Y cars for the Eastern United States. [346] [331] On April 7, 2022, Tesla celebrated the public opening of the Giga Texas facility with its Cyber Rodeo event attended by an estimated 15,000 invitees. [101]

On December 1, 2021, Tesla officially relocated its headquarters to the Gigafactory site in Austin, Texas. [347] Because of Texas regulations, the company offers to cover costs for out-of-state healthcare, which include abortion and gender affirmation procedures. [348]

Tesla acquired a former JC Penney distribution center near Lathrop, California, in 2021 to build a Megafactory to manufacture Megapacks. [349] The location opened in 2022 and produces the next-generation Megapacks to use prismatic lithium iron phosphate batteries. [350]


Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg under construction in October 2021

Tesla opened its first European store in June 2009 in London. [351] Tesla's European headquarters are in the Netherlands. [352] Tesla operates facilities in Tilburg, including a 62,000-square-foot (5,800 m2) European Distribution Centre and an 835,800-square-foot (77,650 m2) final assembly facility that adds[ clarification needed] drivetrain, battery and software to imported car bodies to reduce import tax, which depends on the location of final assembly. [353]

In late 2016, Tesla acquired German engineering firm Grohmann Engineering as a new division dedicated to helping Tesla increase the automation and effectiveness of its manufacturing process. [354] After winding down existing contracts with other auto manufacturers, the renamed Tesla Grohmann Automation now works exclusively on Tesla projects. [355]

Tesla announced its plans to build a car and battery factory in Europe in 2016. [356] Several countries campaigned to be the host, [357] and eventually Germany was chosen in November 2019. [358] On March 22, 2022, Tesla's first European Gigafactory named Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg [359] [360] opened with planned capacity to produce 500,000 electric vehicles annually as well as batteries for the cars. [360]


Tesla store in Tokyo, the first showroom in Japan [361]

Tesla opened its first Japanese showroom in Tokyo, Japan, in October 2010. [362] By 2013, showrooms and service centers were operating in Hong Kong, [363] Beijing and Shanghai. [364] Two showrooms opened in South Korea in March 2017 [365] and a service center opened there in late 2017. [366] In August 2017, Taiwan opened its first service center and showroom. [367]

In July 2018, Tesla signed an agreement with Chinese authorities to build a factory in Shanghai, China, which was Tesla's first Gigafactory outside of the United States. [368] The factory building was finished in August 2019, and the initial Tesla Model 3s were in production from Giga Shanghai in October 2019. [325]

In response to the Chinese military banning Tesla cars from entering military housing complexes, Elon Musk stated during the China Development Forum in March 2021 that the company would stop producing cars in the country if cars were being used to spy. The comment came shortly after a meeting of Chinese and U.S. diplomats in Alaska, in part over concerns of U.S. intervention in China's internal affairs. [369] [370] [371] [372]

In 2021, China accounted for 26% of Tesla sales revenue, and was the second largest market for Tesla after the United States, which accounted for 45% of its sales. [373]

Rest of the world

Tesla opened the first Australian showroom in Sydney in 2010, [374] followed by a showroom and service center in Melbourne in 2015. [375] By 2019, Tesla had opened 4 service centers in Australia. [376] In 2012, Tesla opened its first store in Canada in Toronto. [377]

The first expansion of Tesla in the Middle East was with the opening of a showroom and a service center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), in 2017. Five ultra-fast superchargers were also built between cities in the UAE, with a planned 50 destination chargers by the end of 2017. [378] One of the first Tesla customers was Dubai's Roads and Transport Authority which ordered 200 Tesla Model S and Model X vehicles that were added to Dubai Taxi Corporation's fleet. [379] In May 2017, a service center and store in Amman, Jordan was opened. [380] In January 2020 a "pop-up" store in Tel Aviv, Israel was opened as well as a research and development center. [381]



The president of Panasonic Energy Company, Naoto Noguchi, presented Tesla's chief technology officer, JB Straubel, with the first lithium-ion cells from Panasonic's facility in Suminoe-ku, Osaka, Japan, in 2010.

In January 2010, Tesla and battery cell maker Panasonic announced that they would together develop nickel-based lithium-ion battery cells for electric vehicles. [382] The partnership was part of Panasonic's $1 billion investment over three years in facilities for lithium-ion cell research, development and production. [383]

Beginning in 2010, Panasonic invested $30 million for a multi-year collaboration on new battery cells designed specifically for electric vehicles. [384] In July 2014, Panasonic reached a basic agreement with Tesla to participate in battery production at Giga Nevada. [385]

Tesla and Panasonic also collaborated on the manufacturing and production of photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules at the Giga New York factory in Buffalo, New York. [323] The partnership started in mid-2017 and ended in early 2020, before Panasonic exited the solar business entirely in January 2021. [386] [387]

In March 2021, the outgoing CEO of Panasonic stated that the company plans to reduce its reliance on Tesla as their battery partnership evolves. [388]

Other current partners

Tesla has long-term contracts in place for lithium supply. In September 2020, Tesla signed a sales agreement with Piedmont Lithium to buy high-purity lithium ore for up to ten years, [389] specifically to supply " spodumene concentrate from Piedmont's North Carolina mineral deposit". [390] In 2022, Tesla contracted for 110,000 tonnes of spodumene concentrate over four years from the Core Lithium's lithium mine in the Northern Territory of Australia. [391]

Tesla also has a range of minor partnerships, for instance working with Airbnb and hotel chains to install destination chargers at selected locations. [392]

Former partners

Daimler AG

The Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive used a Tesla-supplied battery pack. [393]

Daimler AG and Tesla began working together in late 2007. On May 19, 2009, Daimler bought a stake of less than 10% in Tesla for a reported $50 million. [394] [395] As part of the collaboration, Herbert Kohler, vice-president of E-Drive and Future Mobility at Daimler, took a Tesla board seat. [396] On July 13, 2009, Daimler AG sold 40% of its acquisition to Aabar. Aabar is an investment company controlled by the International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC), which is owned by the government of Abu Dhabi. [397] In October 2014, Daimler sold its remaining holdings for a reported $780 million. [398]

Tesla supplied battery packs for Freightliner Trucks' Custom Chassis electric van in 2010. [399] [400] The company also built electric-powertrain components for the Mercedes-Benz A-Class E-Cell, with 500 cars planned to be built for trial in Europe beginning in September 2011. [401] [402]

Tesla produced and co-developed the Mercedes-Benz B250e's powertrain, which ended production in 2017. [403] The electric motor was rated 134 hp (100 kW) and 230 pound force-feet (310 N⋅m), with a 36 kWh (130 MJ) battery. The vehicle had a driving range of 200 km (124 mi) with a top speed of 150 km/h (93 mph). [404] Daimler division Smart produced the Smart ED2 cars from 2009 to 2012 which had a 14-kilowatt-hour (50 MJ) lithium-ion battery from Tesla. [405] [406]


Toyota RAV4 EV, which used a Tesla-supplied battery and powertrain components

In May 2010, Tesla and Toyota announced a deal in which Tesla purchased the former NUMMI factory from Toyota for $42 million, Toyota purchased $50 million in Tesla stock, and the two companies collaborated on an electric vehicle. [34]

In July 2010, the companies announced they would work together on a second generation Toyota RAV4 EV. [407] The vehicle was unveiled at the October 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show and 35 pilot vehicles were built for a demonstration and evaluation program that ran through 2011. Tesla supplied the lithium metal-oxide battery and other powertrain components [408] [409] based on components from the Roadster. [410]

The production version was unveiled in August 2012, using battery pack, electronics and powertrain components from the Tesla Model S sedan (also launched in 2012). [411] The RAV4 EV had a limited production run which resulted in just under 3,000 vehicles being produced, before it was discontinued in 2014. [412] [413]

According to Bloomberg News, the partnership between Tesla and Toyota was "marred by clashes between engineers". [414] Toyota engineers rejected designs that Tesla had proposed for an enclosure to protect the RAV4 EV's battery pack. Toyota took over responsibility for the enclosure's design and strengthened it. In 2014, Tesla ended up adding a titanium plate to protect the Model S sedan's battery after some debris-related crashes lead to cars catching fire. [414] [251] On June 5, 2017, Toyota announced that it had sold all of its shares in Tesla and halted the partnership. [415] [416]


Initial versions of Autopilot were developed in partnership with Mobileye beginning in 2014. [417] Mobileye ended the partnership on July 26, 2016, citing "disagreements about how the technology was deployed." [418]

Lawsuits and controversies

Tesla Files

In May 2023, German Business newspaper Handelsblatt published a series of articles based on a trove of internal Tesla data submitted to them from informants. [419] The 100 gigabytes of data "contain[ed] over 1,000 accident reports involving phantom braking or unintended acceleration" as well as complaints about Tesla Autopilot. [420] European authorities responded by saying they were investigating the company for possible data privacy violations. [421]

Sexual harassment

In 2021, seven women came forward with claims of having faced sexual harassment and discrimination while working at Tesla's Fremont factory. [422] They accused the company of facilitating a culture of rampant sexual harassment. The women said they were consistently subjected to catcalling, unwanted advances, unwanted touching, and discrimination while at work. "I was so tired of the unwanted attention and the males gawking at me I proceeded to create barriers around me just so I could get some relief," Brooks told The Washington Post. "That was something I felt necessary just so I can do my job." Stories range from intimate groping to being called out to the parking lot for sex. [423]

Women feared calling Human Resources for help as their supervisors were often participants. [424] Musk himself is not indicted, but most of the women pressing charges believe their abuse is connected to the behavior of CEO Elon Musk. They cite his crude remarks about women's bodies, wisecracks about starting a university that abbreviated to "T.IT.S", and his generally dismissive attitude towards reporting sexual harassment. [425] "What we're addressing for each of the lawsuits is just a shocking pattern of rampant harassment that exists at Tesla," said attorney David A. Lowe. [424] In 2017, another woman had accused Tesla of very similar behavior and was subsequently fired. In a statement to the Guardian, Tesla confirmed the company had fired her, saying it had thoroughly investigated the employee's allegations with the help of "a neutral, third-party expert" and concluded her complaints were unmerited. [426]

In May 2022, a California judge ruled that the sexual harassment lawsuit could move to court, rejecting Tesla's request for closed-door arbitration. [427]

Labor disputes

In June 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) took issue with Tesla's use of nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) regarding customer repairs [428] and, in October 2021, the NHTSA formally asked Tesla to explain its NDA policy regarding customers invited into the FSD Beta. [429] Tesla has used NDAs on multiple occasions with both employees [430] and customers [431] to allegedly prevent possible negative coverage. [432] [433]

From 2014 to 2018, Tesla's Fremont Factory had three times as many Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) violations as the ten largest U.S. auto plants combined. [434] An investigation by the Reveal podcast alleged that Tesla "failed to report some of its serious injuries on legally mandated reports" to downplay the extent of injuries. [435]

In January 2019, former Tesla security manager Sean Gouthro filed a whistleblower complaint alleging that the company had hacked employees' phones and spied on them, while also failing to report illegal activities to the authorities and shareholders. [436] [437] [438] Several legal cases have revolved around alleged whistleblower retaliation by Tesla. These include the dismissal of Tesla safety official Carlos Ramirez [439] [440] and Tesla security employee Karl Hansen. [441] In 2020, the court ordered Hansen's case to arbitration. [442] In June 2022, the arbitrator filed an unopposed motion with the court stating Hansen "has failed to establish the claims...Accordingly his claims are denied, and he shall take nothing". [443]

In September 2019, a California judge ruled that 12 actions in 2017 and 2018 by Musk and other Tesla executives violated labor laws because they sabotaged employee attempts to unionize. [444] [445]

In March 2021, the US National Labor Relations Board ordered Musk to remove a tweet and reinstate a fired employee over union organization activities. [446] [447] Later, after appealing, a federal appeals court upheld the decision. [448]

The California Civil Rights Department filed a suit in 2022 alleging "a pattern of racial harassment and bias" at the Tesla Fremont factory. As of April 2023, the Department is also conducting a probe of the factory based on a 2021 complaint and claims that Tesla has been obstructing the investigation. [449]


There have been numerous concerns about Tesla's financial reporting. In 2013, Bloomberg News questioned whether Tesla's financial reporting violated Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) reporting standards. [450] Fortune accused Tesla in 2016 of using creative accounting to show positive cash flow and quarterly profits. [451] In 2018, analysts expressed concerns over Tesla's accounts receivable balance. [452] In September 2019, the SEC questioned Tesla CFO Zach Kirkhorn about Tesla's warranty reserves and lease accounting. [453] Hedge fund manager David Einhorn accused Elon Musk in November 2019 of "significant fraud", [454] and publicly questioned Tesla's accounting practices, telling Musk that he was "beginning to wonder whether your accounts receivable exist." [455]

From 2012 to 2014, Tesla earned more than $295 million in Zero Emission Vehicle credits for a battery-swapping technology that was never made available to customers. [456] Staff at California Air Resources Board were concerned that Tesla was "gaming" the battery swap subsidies and in 2013 recommended eliminating the credits. [457]

A consolidated shareholders lawsuit alleges that Musk knew SolarCity was going broke before the acquisition, that he and the Tesla board overpaid for SolarCity, ignored their conflicts of interest and breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the deal, and failed to disclose "troubling facts" essential to an analysis of the proposed acquisition. [458] The members of the board settled in 2020, leaving Musk as the only defendant. [459] In April 2022, a Delaware court ruled in favor of Musk. [460] [461]

In August 2018, Elon Musk tweeted, "Am considering taking Tesla private at $420. Funding secured." [462] The tweet caused the stock to initially rise but then drop when it was revealed to be false. [463] [464] [465] Musk settled fraud charges with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) over his false statements in September 2018. According to the terms of the settlement, Musk agreed to have his tweets reviewed by Tesla's in-house counsel, he was removed from his chairman role at Tesla temporarily, and two new independent directors were appointed to the company's board. [466] Tesla and Musk also paid civil penalties of $20 million each. [466] A civil class-action shareholder lawsuit over Musk's statements and other derivative lawsuits were also filed against Musk and the members of Tesla's board of directors, as then constituted, in regard to claims and actions made that were associated with potentially going private. [467] [468] In February 2023, a California jury unanimously found Musk and Tesla not liable in the class-action lawsuit. [469]

In September 2018, Tesla disclosed that it was under investigation by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) regarding its Model 3 production figures. [470] Authorities were investigating whether the company misled investors and made projections about its Model 3 production that it knew would be impossible to meet. [470] A stockholder class action lawsuit against Tesla related to Model 3 production numbers (unrelated to the FBI investigation) was dismissed in March 2019. [471] [472]

Tesla US dealership disputes

Unlike other automakers, Tesla does not rely on franchised auto dealerships to sell vehicles and instead directly sells vehicles through its website and a network of company-owned stores. In some areas, Tesla operates locations called "galleries" which "educate and inform customers about our products, but such locations do not actually transact in the sale of vehicles." [231] This is because some jurisdictions, particularly in the United States, prohibit auto manufacturers from directly selling vehicles to consumers. Dealership associations have filed lawsuits to prevent direct sales. These associations argued that the franchise system protects consumers by encouraging dealers to compete with each other, lowering the price a customer pays. They also claimed that direct sales would allow manufacturers to undersell their own dealers. [234] The United States Federal Trade Commission ultimately disproved the associations' claims and recommended allowing direct manufacturer sale, which they concluded would save consumers 8% in average vehicle price. [473] [474] [475]

Tesla has also lobbied state governments for the right to directly sell cars. [476] The company has argued that directly operating stores improves consumer education about electric vehicles, [231] because dealerships would sell both Tesla and gas-powered vehicles. Doing this, according to the company, would then set up a conflict of interest for the dealers since properly advertising the benefits of an electric car would disparage the gas-powered vehicles, creating a disincentive to dealership EV sales. [234] Musk himself further contended that dealers would have a disincentive to sell electric vehicles because they require less maintenance and therefore would reduce after-sales service revenue, a large profit center for most dealerships. [210]

Intellectual property

In January 2021, Tesla filed a lawsuit against Alex Khatilov alleging that the former employee stole company information by downloading files related to its Warp Drive software to his personal Dropbox account. [477] Khatilov denies the allegation that he was acting as a "willful and malicious thief" and attributes his actions to an accidental data transfer. [478] The case was settled in August 2021 through mediation. [479]

Tesla has sued former employees in the past for similar actions; for example, Guangzhi Cao, a Tesla engineer, was accused of uploading Tesla Autopilot source code to his iCloud account; [480] Tesla and Cao settled in April 2021. [481]


In January 2022, Tesla's China division announced that it was taking legal action against Xiaogang Xuezhang ( Chinese: 小刚学长; pinyin: xiǎo gāng xuézhǎng), a Douyin ( TikTok) user with over 14 million followers on the platform. [482] [483] The lawsuit arose after Xiaogang posted two videos on Douyin in April 2021, in which he tested the automated emergency braking (AEB) systems of a Tesla Model 3 and an XPeng P7. In the videos, Xiaogang said the Model 3's AEB system failed to activate two out of three times, leading to collisions. Tesla claimed the data was fabricated and tarnished the brand's reputation among consumers. [484]


In 2018, a class action was filed against Musk and the members of Tesla's board alleging they breached their fiduciary duties by approving Musk's stock-based compensation plan. [468] Musk received the first portion of his stock options payout, worth more than $700 million in May 2020. [485]

Environmental violations

In 2019, The United States Environmental Protection Agency fined Tesla for hazardous waste violations that occurred in 2017. [486] In June 2019, Tesla began negotiating penalties for 19 environmental violations from the Bay Area Air Quality Management District; [487] the violations took place around Tesla Fremont's paint shop, where there had been at least four fires between 2014 and 2019. [488] Environmental violations and permit deviations at Tesla's Fremont Factory increased from 2018 to 2019 with the production ramp of the Model 3. [489]

In June 2018, Tesla employee Martin Tripp leaked information that Tesla was scrapping or reworking up to 40% of its raw materials at the Nevada Gigafactory. [490] After Tesla fired him for the leak, Tripp filed a lawsuit and claimed Tesla's security team gave police a false tip that he was planning a mass shooting at the Nevada factory. [491] [436] The court ruled in Tesla's favor on September 17, 2020. [492] [493]

Property damage

In August 2019, Walmart filed a multi-million dollar lawsuit against Tesla, claiming that Tesla's "negligent installation and maintenance" of solar panels caused roof fires at seven Walmart stores dating back to 2012. [494] Walmart reached a settlement with Tesla in November 2019; the terms of the settlement were not disclosed. [495]

In May 2021, a Norwegian judge found Tesla guilty of throttling charging speed through a 2019 over-the-air software update, awarding each of the 30 customers who were part of the lawsuit 136,000 Norwegian kroner ($16,000). [496] Approximately 10,000 other Norwegian Tesla owners may be granted a similar award. [496]


Tesla has faced numerous complaints regarding workplace harassment and racial discrimination, [497] [498] with one former Tesla worker who attempted to sue the employer describing it as "a hotbed of racist behavior". [499] As of December 2021, three percent of leadership at the company are African American. [500] A former black worker described the work environment at Tesla's Buffalo plant as a "very racist place". [501] Tesla and SpaceX's treatment of Juneteenth in 2020 also came under fire. [502] Approximately 100 former employees have submitted signed statements alleging that Tesla discriminates specifically against African Americans and "allows a racist environment in its factories." [503] According to the state's Department of Fair Employment and Housing, the Fremont factory is a racially segregated place where Black employees claim they are given the most menial [504] and physically demanding work. [505] The accusations of racism culminated in February 2022 with the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing suing Tesla for "discriminating against its Black workers." [506]

In July 2021, former employee Melvin Berry received $1 million in his discrimination case in arbitration against Tesla after he claimed he was referred to by the n-word and forced to work longer hours at the Fremont plant. [507]

In October 2021, a jury verdict in the Owen Diaz vs. Tesla trial awarded the plaintiff $137 million in damages after he had faced racial harassment at Tesla's Fremont facility during 2015–2016. [508] [509] In a blog, Tesla stressed that Diaz was never "really" a Tesla worker, and that most utterings of the n-word were expressed in a friendly manner. [510] [511] In April 2022, federal judge William Orrick upheld the jury finding of Tesla's liability but reduced the total damage down to $15 million. [512] Diaz was given a two-week deadline to decide if he would collect the damages. In June 2022, Diaz announced that he would be rejecting the $15 million award, opening the door for a new trial. [513] In April 2023, Diaz was awarded $3.2 million in the new trial. [514]

Few of these cases against Tesla ever make it to trial as most employees are made to sign arbitration agreements. [515] Employees are afterwards required to resolve such disputes out of court, and behind closed doors.

Conduct during the COVID-19 pandemic

Tesla's initial response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States has been the subject of considerable criticism. Musk had sought to exempt the Tesla Fremont factory in Alameda County, California from the government's stay-at-home orders. In an earnings call in April, he was heard calling the public health orders "fascist". [516] He had also called the public's response to the pandemic "dumb" and had said online that there would be zero cases by April. [517] In May 2020, while Alameda County officials were negotiating with the company to reopen the Fremont Factory on the 18th, Musk defied local government orders by restarting production on the 11th. [518] [519] [520] Tesla also sued Alameda County, questioning the legality of the orders, but backed down after the Fremont Factory was given approval to reopen. [521] [522] In June 2020, Tesla published a detailed plan for bringing employees back to work and keeping them safe, [523] however some employees still expressed concern for their health. [524]

In May 2020, Musk told workers that they could stay home if they felt uncomfortable coming back to work. [525] But in June, Tesla fired an employee who criticized the company for taking inadequate safety measures to protect workers from the coronavirus at the Fremont Factory. [526] Three more employees at Tesla's Fremont Factory claimed they were fired for staying home out of fear of catching COVID-19. This was subsequently denied by Tesla, which even stated that the employees were still on the payroll. [527] COVID-19 cases at the factory grew from 10 in May 2020 to 125 in December 2020, with about 450 total cases in that time period out of the approximately 10,000 workers at the plant (4.5%). [516] [528]

In China, Tesla had what one Tesla executive described as "not a green light from the government to get back to work – but a flashing-sirens police escort." [529] Tesla enjoyed special treatment and strong government support in China, including tax breaks, cheap financing, and assistance in building its Giga Shanghai factory at breakneck speeds. [529] Musk has praised China's way of doing things, a controversial stance due to deteriorating U.S.–Chinese relations, China's ongoing persecution of Uyghurs, and alleged human rights abuses in Hong Kong. [530] [531]



Musk has been criticized for repeated pushing out both production and release dates of products. [532] [533] By one count in 2016, Musk had missed 20 projections. [534] In October 2017, Musk predicted that Model 3 production would be 5,000 units per week by December. [535] A month later, he revised that target to "sometime in March" 2018. [536] Delivery dates for the Model 3 were delayed as well. [537] Other projects like converting supercharger stations to be solar-powered have also lagged projections. [538] Musk responded in late 2018: "punctuality is not my strong suit...I never made a mass-produced car. How am I supposed to know with precision when it's gonna get done?" [539]

Giga New York audit

In 2020, the New York State Comptroller released an audit of the Giga New York factory project, concluding that it presented many red flags, including lack of basic due diligence and that the factory itself produced only $0.54 in economic benefits for every $1 spent by the state. [540] [541] [542]

Tesla's mission

According to automotive journalist Jamie Kitman, when multiple CEOs of major automotive manufacturers approached Tesla for EV technology that Musk had claimed the company was willing to share, they instead were offered the opportunity to buy regulatory credits from Tesla. This suggested, according to Kitman, that "the company may not be as eager for the electric revolution to occur as it claims." [543]

Short-sellers and TSLAQ

TSLAQ is a collective of Tesla critics and short sellers who aim to "shape [the] perception [of Tesla] and move its stock." [544] In January 2020, 20% of Tesla stock was shorted, the highest at that time of any stock in the U.S. equity markets. [545] By early 2021, according to CNN, short sellers had lost $40 billion during 2020 as the stock price climbed much higher. [546] Michael Burry, a short seller portrayed in The Big Short, had shorted Tesla previously via his firm Scion Asset Management, but removed his position in October 2021. [547]

Vehicle product issues


On April 20, 2017, Tesla issued a worldwide recall of 53,000 (~70%) of the 76,000 vehicles it sold in 2016 due to faulty parking brakes which could become stuck and "prevent the vehicles from moving". [548] [549] On March 29, 2018, Tesla issued a worldwide recall of 123,000 Model S cars built before April 2016 due to corrosion-susceptible power steering bolts, which could fail and require the driver to use "increased force" to control the vehicle. [550]

In October 2020, Tesla initiated a recall of nearly 50,000 Model X and Y vehicles throughout China for suspension issues. [551] Soon after in November, the NHTSA announced it had opened its own investigation into 115,000 Tesla cars regarding "front suspension safety issues", citing specifically 2015–2017 Model S and 2016–2017 Model X years. Cases of the "whompy wheel" phenomenon, which also included Model X and the occasional Model 3 cars, have been documented through 2020. [552] [553]

In February 2021, Tesla was required by the NHTSA to recall 135,000 Model S and Model X vehicles built from 2012 to 2018 due to using a flash memory device that was rated to last only 5 to 6 years. [554] The problem was related to touchscreen failures that could possibly affect the rear-view camera, safety systems, Autopilot and other features. [555] [556] The underlying technical reason is that the car writes a large amount of syslog content to the device, wearing it out prematurely. [557]

Also in February 2021, the German Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA) ordered Tesla to recall 12,300 Model X cars because of "body mouldings problems". [558] [559]

In June 2021, Tesla recalled 5,974 electric vehicles due to worries that brake caliper bolts might become loose, which could lead to loss of tire pressure, potentially increasing the chance of a crash. [560]

On December 30, 2021, Tesla announced that they are recalling more than 475,000 US model vehicles. This included 356,309 Model 3 Tesla vehicles from 2017 to 2020 due to rear-view camera issues and a further 119,009 Tesla Model S vehicles due to potential problems with the trunk or boot. The Model S recall includes vehicles manufactured between 2014 and 2021. Around 1% of recalled Model 3s may have a defective rear-view camera, and around 14% of recalled model S' may have the defect. The recall was not linked to a contemporaneous issue regarding the Passenger Play feature, which allowed games to be played on the touchscreen while the car is in motion. [561] After an investigation was launched by the NHTSA covering 585,000 vehicles, Tesla agreed to make changes where the feature would be locked and unusable while the car is moving. [562]

In September 2022, Tesla announced that they are recalling almost 1.1 million US model vehicles because the automatic window reversal system might not react correctly after detecting an obstruction, increasing the risk of injury. [563] [564] In response, Tesla announced an over-the-air software fix. [564]

In February 2023, Tesla recalled its FSD software following a recommendation from NHTSA; the recall applied to approximately 360,000 cars. [565] NHTSA found that FSD caused "unreasonable risk" when used on city streets. [566] In March 2023, about 3,500 Model Y Teslas were recalled for a bolting issue concerning the cars' second-row seats. [567]


Tesla customers have reported the company as being "slow" to address how their cars can ignite. [568] In 2013, a Model S caught fire after the vehicle hit metal debris on a highway in Kent, Washington. Tesla confirmed the fire began in the battery pack and was caused by the impact of an object. [569] As a result of this and other incidents, Tesla announced its decision to extend its current vehicle warranty to cover fire damage. [570] In March 2014, the NHTSA announced that it had closed the investigation into whether the Model S was prone to catch fire, after Tesla said it would provide more protection to its battery packs. [571] All Model S cars manufactured after March 6, 2014, have had the 0.25-inch (6.4 mm) aluminum shield over the battery pack replaced with a new three-layer shield. [572] In October 2019, the NHTSA opened an investigation into possible battery defects in Tesla's Model S and X vehicles from 2012 to 2019 that could cause "non-crash" fires. [573] [574] [575]

Autopilot crashes

A Model S driver died in a collision with a tractor-trailer in 2016, while the vehicle was in Autopilot mode; the driver is believed to be the first person to have died in a Tesla vehicle in Autopilot. [576] [577] The NHTSA investigated the accident but found no safety-related defect trend. [578] In March 2018, a driver of a Tesla Model X was killed in a crash. Investigators say that the driver of the vehicle had his car in 'self-driving' mode and was using his phone to play games when the vehicle collided with the barrier in the middle of the freeway. Through investigation, the NTSB found that the Tesla malfunctioned due to the system being confused by an exit on the freeway. [579]

According to a document released in June 2021, the NHTSA has initiated at least 30 investigations into Tesla crashes that were believed to involve the use of Autopilot, with some involving fatalities. [580] [581] In early September 2021, the NHTSA updated the list with an additional fatality incident [582] and ordered Tesla to hand over all extensive data pertaining to US cars with Autopilot to determine if there is a safety defect that leads Tesla cars to collide with first-responder vehicles. [582] [583] [584] In late September 2021, Tesla released an over-the-air software update to detect emergency lights at night. [585] In October 2021, the NHTSA asked Tesla why it did not issue a recall when it sent out that update. [586] In June 2022, the NHTSA said it would expand its probe, extending it to 830,000 cars from all current Tesla models. The probe will be moved up from the Preliminary Evaluation level to the Engineering Analysis one. The regulator cited the reason for the expansion as the need to "explore the degree to which Autopilot and associated Tesla systems may exacerbate human factors or behavioral safety risks by undermining the effectiveness of the driver's supervision." [587]

A safety test conducted by the Dawn Project in August 2022 demonstrated that a test driver using the beta version of Full Self-Driving repeatedly hit a child-sized mannequin in its path, [588] but there has been controversy over its conclusions. [589] Several Tesla fans responded by conducting their own, independent tests using children; NHTSA released a statement warning against the practice. [590]

Software hacking

In August 2015, two researchers said they were able to take control of a Tesla Model S by hacking into the car's entertainment system. [591] The hack required the researchers to physically access the car. [592] Tesla issued a security update for the Model S the day after the exploit was announced. [593]

In September 2016, researchers at Tencent's Keen Security Lab demonstrated a remote attack on a Tesla Model S and controlled the vehicle in both Parking and Driving Mode without physical access. They were able to compromise the automotive networking bus ( CAN bus) when the vehicle's web browser was used while the vehicle was connected to a malicious Wi-Fi hotspot. [594] This was the first case of a remote control exploit demonstrated on a Tesla. The vulnerability was disclosed to Tesla under their bug bounty program and patched within 10 days, before the exploit was made public. [595] Tencent also hacked the doors of a Model X in 2017. [596]

In January 2018, security researchers informed Tesla that an Amazon Web Services account of theirs could be accessed directly from the Internet and that the account had been exploited for cryptocurrency mining. Tesla responded by securing the compromised system, rewarding the security researchers financially via their bug bounty program, and stating that the compromise did not violate customer privacy, nor vehicle safety or security. [597] [598] Later in 2019, Tesla awarded a car and $375,000 to ethical hackers during a Pwn2Own Model 3 hacking event. [599]

In June 2022, Martin Herfurt, a security researcher in Austria, discovered that changes made to make Tesla vehicles easier to start with NFC cards also allowed for pairing new keys to the vehicle, allowing an attacker to enroll their own keys to a vehicle. [600]

Phantom braking

In February 2022, Tesla drivers have reported a surge in "phantom braking" events when using Tesla Autopilot which coincides with the automaker's removal of radar as a supplemental sensor in May 2021. [601] In response, NHTSA has opened an investigation. [602]

Vehicle sales

In 2022, Tesla ranked as the world's bestselling battery electric passenger car manufacturer, with a market share of 18%. [603] Tesla reported 2022 vehicle deliveries of 1,313,851 units, up 40% from 2021. [10] [11] In March 2023, Tesla produced its 4 millionth car. [604]

Production and sales by quarter

3 2012
2 2013
2 2014
2 2015
2 2016
2 2017
2 2018
2 2019
2 2020
2 2021
2 2022
  •   Model S
  •   Model X
  •   Model S/X
  •   Model 3
  •   Model 3/Y

Tesla deliveries vary significantly by month due to regional issues such as availability of car carriers and registration. On March 9, 2020, the company produced its 1 millionth electric car, becoming the first auto manufacturer to achieve such a milestone. [605] In the third quarter of 2021, Tesla sold its 2 millionth electric car, becoming the first auto manufacturer to achieve such a milestone. [606] In the first quarter of 2023, the Model Y became the world's best-selling car, surpassing the Toyota Corolla. [607]


Tesla financial performance

For the fiscal (and calendar) year 2021, Tesla reported a net income of $5.52 billion. [11] The annual revenue was $53.8 billion, an increase of 71% over the previous fiscal year. [11]

Of the revenue number in 2021, $314 million came from selling regulatory credits to other automakers to meet government pollution standards. That number has been a smaller percentage of revenue for multiple quarters. [11] In Q1 2022, Tesla sold $679 million of regulatory carbon credits. [608]

Tesla ended 2021 with $17.6 billion of cash on hand, down $1.8 billion from the end of 2020. [231]: 31 

In February 2021, a 10-K filing revealed that Tesla had invested some $1.5 billion in the cryptocurrency Bitcoin, and the company indicated it would soon accept Bitcoin as a form of payment. [83] Critics then pointed out how investing in cryptocurrency can run counter to Tesla's environmental goals. [609] [610] Tesla made more profit from the 2021 investment than the profit from selling cars in 2020, due to the Bitcoin price increase after the investment was announced. [611] [612]

The quarter ending June 2021 was the first time Tesla made a profit independent of Bitcoin and regulatory credits. [613]

Year Revenue
(mil. USD)
Net income
(mil. USD)
Total assets
(mil. USD)
2005 0 −12 8
2006 [614] [615] 0 −30 44 70
2007 0.073 −78 34 268
2008 15 −83 52 252
2009 112 −56 130 514
2010 [615] 117 −154 386 899
2011 [615] 204 −254 713 1,417
2012 [615] 413 −396 1,114 2,914
2013 [615] 2,013 −74 2,417 5,859
2014 [615] 3,198 −294 5,831 10,161
2015 [615] 4,046 −889 8,068 13,058
2016 [615] 7,000 −675 22,664 17,782
2017 [615] 11,759 −1,962 28,655 37,543
2018 [615] 21,461 −976 29,740 48,817
2019 [615] 24,578 −862 34,309 48,016
2020 [615] 31,536 721 52,148 70,757
2021 [615] 53,823 5,519 62,131 99,290
2022 [615] 81,462 12,556 82,338 127,855

Senior leadership

List of chief executives

  1. Martin Eberhard (2004–2007)
  2. Ze'ev Drori (2007–2008) [616] [617]
  3. Elon Musk (since October 2008) [618]

List of board chairs

  1. Elon Musk (2004–2018) [619]
  2. Robyn Denholm (since November 2018) [618]

Board of directors

Tesla has received criticism that its board lacks enough independent directors. In an April 2017 public letter, a group of influential Tesla investors, including the California State Teachers' Retirement System, asked Tesla to add two new independent directors to its board "who do not have any ties with chief executive Elon Musk". [620] The investors wrote that "five of six current non-executive directors have professional or personal ties to Mr. Musk that could put at risk their ability to exercise independent judgement." [621] Tesla's directors at the time included Brad Buss, who served as chief financial officer at SolarCity; Steve Jurvetson, a venture capitalist who also sits on the board of SpaceX; [622] Elon Musk's brother, Kimbal; and Ira Ehrenpreis and Antonio Gracias, both of whom also invested in SpaceX. [623] The letter called for a more independent board that could put a check on groupthink. [621] At first Musk responded on Twitter, writing that the investors "should buy Ford stock" because "their governance is amazing." [621] Two days later, he promised he would add two independent board members; [624] Kathleen Wilson-Thompson and Larry Ellison were added at the end of 2018. [625] Ellison stepped down in August 2022. [626] Former Tesla CTO J. B. Straubel who left the company in 2019, was elected to the board in 2023. [627]

Another criticism of the board composition is that most of the independent directors lack automotive industry experience. [628] The exception is Robyn Denholm who served in finance and corporate reporting roles at Toyota Australia from 1989 to 1996. [629]

Other previous board members include businessman Steve Westly; Daimler executive Herbert Kohler; [396] CEO and Chairman of Johnson Publishing Company Linda Johnson Rice; [630] and United Nations Special Envoy on Innovative Finance and Sustainable Investments Hiromichi Mizuno. [631] [632]

As of May 2023, the board members are: [633]

Joined Name Titles Independent
2014 [634] Robyn Denholm Chairman (since November 2018); former CFO and Head of Strategy of Telstra [629] Yes
2004 [18] Elon Musk CEO, product architect, former chairman; founder, CEO and CTO of SpaceX No
2004 [635] Kimbal Musk SpaceX board member [636] No
2007 [637] Ira Ehrenpreis General Partner at Technology Partners [630] Disputed [620]
2017 [630] James Murdoch Former CEO of 21st Century Fox [630] Yes
2018 [622] Kathleen Wilson-Thompson Global head of Human Resources of Walgreens Boots Alliance [622] Yes
2022 [638] Joe Gebbia Co-founder, board member and advisor of Airbnb [639] Yes
2023 [627] J. B. Straubel Founder and CEO of Redwood Materials; former CTO of Tesla [627] Disputed [627] [640]

See also



  1. ^ According to company representatives, both pronunciations are correct, [7] though Nikola Tesla's surname is properly pronounced TESS-lə.


  1. ^ "Tesla, Inc. 2023 Proxy Statement (DEF 14A)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. April 6, 2023.
  2. ^ Baer, Drake (November 11, 2014). "The Making Of Tesla: Invention, Betrayal, And The Birth Of The Roadster". Business Insider. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  3. ^ "Tesla Energy Generation And Storage Business: Q4 2020 Results". January 27, 2021.
  4. ^ "Elon Musk". Forbes.
  5. ^ "Schedule 14A Information". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  6. ^ "Annual report Form 10-K 2022 Tesla Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 31, 2023.
  7. ^ "What's the correct way to pronounce 'Tesla'? We asked". Yahoo! Finance. July 13, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  8. ^ Crider, Johnna (January 26, 2023). "Tesla Cybertruck to enter limited production this Summer". Teslarati. Teslarati. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  9. ^ a b Shahan, Zachary (August 26, 2021). "Tesla Model 3 Has Passed 1 Million Sales". CleanTechnica. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Tesla Vehicle Production & Deliveries and Date for Financial Results & Webcast for Fourth Quarter 2022" (Press release). US: Tesla. January 2, 2023. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2021 Update" (PDF). Palo Alto: Tesla. January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022. See table "Operational Summary" pp. 7 and 8 for revised and final production and sales numbers.
  12. ^ Leswing, Kif (August 14, 2022). "Elon Musk says Tesla has made over 3 million cars". CNBC. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  13. ^ a b Vance 2015, p. 152.
  14. ^ a b Reed, Eric (February 4, 2020). "History of Tesla: Timeline and Facts". TheStreet.com.
  15. ^ "Tesla: A Carmaker With Silicon Valley Spark". Bloomberg.com. July 30, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  16. ^ Vance 2015, p. 154.
  17. ^ a b Burns, Matt (October 8, 2014). "A Brief History of Tesla". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved June 11, 2015. Tesla was founded not by Elon Musk, but rather by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning in July 2003. The two bootstrapped the fledgling auto company until Elon Musk led the company's US$7.5 million Series A financing round in February 2004.
  18. ^ a b Vance 2015, p. 155.
  19. ^ LaMonica, Martin (September 21, 2009). "Tesla Motors founders: Now there are five". CNET.
  20. ^ Mitchell, Russ (July 30, 2021). "Review: A deep new history of Tesla takes the shine off Elon Musk". Los Angeles Times.
  21. ^ a b Musk, Elon (August 2, 2006). "The Secret Tesla Motors Master Plan (just between you and me) No. 124". tesla.com. Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010.[ self-published source]
  22. ^ Weinstock, Suzanne (January 5, 2013). "Venture-backed Tesla cuts costs". Private Equity International.
  23. ^ a b Williams, E. Freya (2015). Green giants : how smart companies turn sustainability into billion-dollar businesses. New York. ISBN  978-0-8144-3614-1.
  24. ^ Lambert, Fred (July 19, 2016). "Tesla launched the Roadster exactly 10 years ago and came out of stealth mode – Here's a trip down memory lane". Electrek.
  25. ^ Kanellos, Michael (August 13, 2007). "Tesla CEO steps down as possible delays loom". CNET.
  26. ^ "Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning | American entrepreneurs". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  27. ^ a b Baer, Drake (November 11, 2014). "The Making Of Tesla: Invention, Betrayal, And The Birth Of The Roadster". Business Insider.
  28. ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (June 11, 2009). "Tesla Founder Eberhard Files Lawsuit Against Tesla's Elon Musk". GigaOm. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  29. ^ Ramey, Jay (November 27, 2017). "The first Tesla Roadster: A look back at the early adopter's electric car". Autoweek.
  30. ^ "Elon Musk's Life Story: Tesla CEO's Early Years, Career". Business Insider. June 28, 2021.
  31. ^ Riddell, Lindsay (June 24, 2009). "Tesla gets long-awaited government loan". American City Business Journals. Archived from the original on May 5, 2016.
  32. ^ Cole, Jay (May 22, 2013). "Tesla Repays Entire DoE Loan, Taxpayers Make $12 Million on the Deal". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on May 6, 2016.
  33. ^ Isidore, Chris (May 22, 2013). "Tesla repays federal loan nearly 10 years early". CNN.
  34. ^ a b c d Davis, Joshua (September 27, 2010). "How Elon Musk Turned Tesla into the Car Company of the Future". Wired. Vol. 18, no. 10. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016.
  35. ^ Squatriglia, Chuck (October 20, 2010). "Tesla's Got the Factory, Now It Needs to Fill It". Wired.
  36. ^ Andrejczak, Matt (June 28, 2010). "Tesla Motors revs up $244 million IPO". MarketWatch.
  37. ^ Scholer, Kristen; Spears, Lee (June 29, 2010). "Tesla Posts Second-Biggest Rally for 2010 U.S. IPO". Bloomberg L.P.
  38. ^ "Tesla Motors begins delivering Model S electric cars in a Silicon Valley milestone". The Mercury News. June 22, 2012.
  39. ^ a b MacKenzie, Angus (December 10, 2012). "Model S Motor Trend Car of the Year Award 2013". Motor Trend.
  40. ^ a b Voelcker, John (October 1, 2013). "Tesla Model S Was Best-Selling Car in Norway For September". Green Car Reports.
  41. ^ a b c Cobb, Jeff (January 26, 2017). "Tesla Model S Is World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car For Second Year in a Row". HybridCars.com. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  42. ^ Maanyu1, K. Nived; Raj, D Goutham; Krishna, R Vamsi; Choubey, Shruthi Bhargava (May 2020). "A Study on Tesla Autopilot" (PDF). Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology.
  43. ^ Berzon, Alexandra; Sweet, Cassandra (May 1, 2015). "Tesla CEO Elon Musk Unveils Line of Home and Industrial Battery Packs". The Wall Street Journal.
  44. ^ Randall, Tom (May 8, 2015). "Tesla's Battery Grabbed $800 Million in Its First Week". Bloomberg L.P.
  45. ^ Logan, Bryan (September 29, 2015). "Here's Tesla's first SUV, the all-electric Model X". Business Insider.
  46. ^ Valdes-Dapena, Peter (September 29, 2015). "Tesla has delivered the first Model X SUVs". CNN.
  47. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (November 21, 2016). "Tesla completes its $2.6 billion acquisition of SolarCity". The Verge.
  48. ^ Hamilton, Isobel Asher (July 30, 2021). "Elon Musk is defending Tesla's acquisition of SolarCity against angry shareholders. This is the story of how it was transformed into Tesla Energy". Business Insider.
  49. ^ Kolodny, Lora (October 28, 2019). "Tesla's Elon Musk knew SolarCity faced a 'liquidity crisis' at time of 2016 deal, legal documents show". CNBC. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020.
  50. ^ Ferris, Robert (February 1, 2017). "Tesla is following in the footsteps of Apple and is changing its name". CNBC.
  51. ^ Fiegerman, Seth (February 1, 2017). "Tesla Motors changes its name to ... Tesla". CNN.
  52. ^ O'Kane, Sean (February 1, 2017). "Tesla Motors changes company name to just Tesla". The Verge.
  53. ^ "Tesla's Philanthropic Side". asaproofing.com. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  54. ^ Chappell, Bill (October 25, 2017). "Tesla Turns Power Back On at Children's Hospital in Puerto Rico". NPR.org.
  55. ^ Rojc, Philip (July 27, 2018). "Next Gen: What's Behind Tesla's Latest STEM Education Give?". Inside Philanthropy.
  56. ^ "Tesla hands over first Model 3 electric cars to early buyers". NBC News. July 29, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  57. ^ Goliya, Kshitiz; Sage, Alexandria (May 4, 2016). "Tesla puts pedal to the metal, 500,000 cars planned in 2018". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  58. ^ Fiegerman, Seth (August 3, 2017). "Tesla now averaging more than 1,800 Model 3 reservations a day". CNN Money. Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  59. ^ Isidore, Chris. "Tesla will start working 24/7 to crank out Model 3s". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  60. ^ Dickey, Megan Rose (August 8, 2018). "Elon Musk tweets he's thinking about taking Tesla private". TechCrunch.
  61. ^ Huddleston, Tom Jr. (August 8, 2018). "Elon Musk says he wants to take Tesla private at over $70 billion – here's what that means". CNBC.
  62. ^ Jose, Pontes (January 31, 2019). "Global Top 20 – December 2018". EVSales.com. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019. "Global sales totaled 2,018,247 plug-in passenger cars in 2018, with a BEV:PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a market share of 2.1%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2018, followed by BYD."
  63. ^ "Elon Musk Set Up His Shanghai Gigafactory in Record Time". Bloomberg.com. October 23, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  64. ^ "Model Y deliveries begin: Here's what is new in Tesla's EV crossover". TechCrunch. March 17, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  65. ^ Isidore, Chris (January 10, 2020). "Tesla is now the most valuable US automaker ever". CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  66. ^ "E-Autohersteller: Tesla ist wertvoller als BMW, Daimler und VW zusammen". Handelsblatt (in German). Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  67. ^ Stevens, Pippa (July 1, 2020). "Tesla tops Toyota to become largest automaker by market value". CNBC. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  68. ^ Tappe, Anneken (August 12, 2020). "Apple and Tesla just announced stock splits. Here's what that means for your investments". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  69. ^ Kolodny, Lora (July 22, 2020). "Tesla reports fourth straight quarter of profits". CNBC. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  70. ^ a b Davies, Rob (December 21, 2020). "Tesla joins Wall Street's S&P 500 share index". The Guardian. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  71. ^ "Tesla Shares Are 'Dramatically Overvalued,' JPMorgan Says". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  72. ^ Vlastelica, Ryan (January 6, 2021). "Tesla Eyes Another Milestone as Valuation Nears Facebook's". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  73. ^ "Tesla Market Cap | TSLA". ycharts.com. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  74. ^ Kolodny, Michael Wayland, Lora (December 14, 2020). "Tesla's market cap tops the 9 largest automakers combined – Experts disagree about if that can last". CNBC. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  75. ^ Bursztynsky, Jessica (January 8, 2021). "Tesla closes day as fifth most valuable U.S. company, passing Facebook". CNBC. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  76. ^ "The Musk Method: Learn from partners then go it alone". Reuters. September 16, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
  77. ^ "Tesla to acquire German battery assembly maker: source". Reuters. October 2, 2020. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  78. ^ Kolodny, Lora (July 22, 2021). "Elon Musk says Tesla caused two-thirds of his personal and professional pain". CNBC. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  79. ^ "Tesla Donates 5 Million Yuan to Chinese CDC in Fight Against Coronavirus". Gear Primer. January 31, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  80. ^ "Tesla's Shanghai plant suspends operations amid virus outbreak". SHINE. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  81. ^ Szymkowski, Sean (October 6, 2020). "Tesla scraps whatever was left of its PR department". Roadshow. CNET. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  82. ^ Isidore, Chris (January 2, 2021). "Tesla hit half-million car target in 2020". CNN.
  83. ^ a b c "Tesla Bets on Bitcoin in Blue-Chip Boost to Cryptocurrency". Bloomberg L.P. February 8, 2021. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  84. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (January 27, 2021). "Tesla reports its first annual profit". Ars Technica. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  85. ^ O'Brien, Sarah (March 24, 2021). "'You can now buy a Tesla with bitcoin,' CEO Elon Musk said. But it could mean a big tax bill". CNBC. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  86. ^ Porter, Jon (March 24, 2021). "You can now buy a Tesla with bitcoin in the US". The Verge. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  87. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (March 24, 2021). "Tesla is using only internal & open source software & operates Bitcoin nodes directly. Bitcoin paid to Tesla will be retained as Bitcoin, not converted to fiat currency" (Tweet). Retrieved July 22, 2021 – via Twitter.
  88. ^ "Tesla will no longer accept Bitcoin over climate concerns, says Musk". BBC News. May 13, 2021.
  89. ^ Iyengar, Rish (May 13, 2021). "Bitcoin drops around 12% after Elon Musk tweets that Tesla will not accept it as payment". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  90. ^ "Elon Musk Says Tesla Likely to Accept Bitcoin Again". Gizmodo. July 22, 2021. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  91. ^ "Elon Musk's Tesla sells most of its Bitcoin holdings". BBC News. July 21, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  92. ^ "Tesla sells majority of its Bitcoin holdings". mint. July 21, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  93. ^ Hull, Dana (December 1, 2021). "Tesla Makes It Official, Marking Headquarters Move to Texas". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  94. ^ a b Amanda del Castillo (October 7, 2021). "Elon Musk says Tesla will move Palo Alto headquarters to Austin". ABC7 San Francisco. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  95. ^ "Elon Musk says Tesla will move HQ from California to Texas". AP NEWS. October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  96. ^ Alamalhodaei, Aria (September 23, 2021). "Tesla's battery-manufacturing 'Megafactory' breaks ground in California". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  97. ^ "Tesla agrees to big office lease in Palo Alto, despite HQ exit". The Mercury News. October 8, 2021. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  98. ^ Hull, Dana; Breslau, Karen (February 23, 2023). "Newsom, Musk dedicate former HP headquarters in Palo Alto to Tesla engineers". Los Angeles Times. Bloomberg. Retrieved February 26, 2023.
  99. ^ Isidore, Chris (October 25, 2021). "Tesla is now worth more than $1 trillion". CNN. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  100. ^ "Tesla opens Giga Berlin factory in Germany". Deutsche Welle. March 22, 2022. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  101. ^ a b Carlson, Kara (April 7, 2022). "Inside Elon's big, weird Austin party: Music, robots – and even a petting zoo". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  102. ^ "Musk says Tesla headcount will increase". The Hill. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
  103. ^ Leswing, Kif (August 14, 2022). "Elon Musk says Tesla has made over 3 million cars". CNBC. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  104. ^ "Tesla China Plant Expansion in Doubt Over Starlink Concerns". Bloomberg. US. January 12, 2023. Retrieved January 21, 2023.
  105. ^ [cite news | url= https://www.theverge.com/2023/3/1/23571725/tesla-gigafactory-monterrey-mexico-announce-investor-day Tesla confirms its next Gigafactory will be in Mexico]
  106. ^ Boudreau, John (June 22, 2012). "In a Silicon Valley milestone, Tesla Motors begins delivering Model S electric cars". Mercury News. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  107. ^ "Norges mest solgte bil i september er en elbil" [Norway's best selling car in September is an electric vehicle]. Grønn bil (in Norwegian). October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  108. ^ "And Now There Is One.... Tesla Model S Declared 2013 World Green Car [press release]". International Business Times. PR Newswire. March 28, 2013. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  109. ^ Zenlea, David (November 1, 2012). "2013 Automobile of the Year: Tesla Model S". Automobile. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  110. ^ "Best Inventions of the Year 2012 – $22,000 – $750,000 – The Tesla Model S". Time. November 1, 2012.
  111. ^ "Tesla Model S Beats Chevy, Toyota, and Cadillac for Ultimate Car of the Year Honors". Motor Trend. July 10, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  112. ^ Cobb, Jeff (January 22, 2018). "Tesla Quietly Sold 200,000th Model S Last Year". HybridCars.com. Retrieved January 22, 2018. "Tesla sold its 200,000 Model S in the fourth quarter of 2017, in October or early November, becoming the second plug-in car to cross this sales threshold after the Nissan Leaf (300,000 units by early 2017). As of December 2017, Tesla reported global sales of 212,874 Model S cars."
  113. ^ "Tesla Model S Long Range Plus Exceeds 400 Miles Of Range, EPA Confirms". CleanTechnica. June 16, 2020. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  114. ^ "Tesla Signature series Model X to begin delivery September 29". CNBC. Reuters. September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  115. ^ Loveday, Steven (January 17, 2020). "Final Update: Quarterly Plug-In EV Sales Scorecard". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  116. ^ "Tesla Model 3: Elon Musk unveils the Model 3 to huge fanfare". Los Angeles Times. March 31, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  117. ^ Isidore, Chris (April 1, 2016). "Tesla got 200,000 orders for the Model 3 in about one day". CNNMoney. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  118. ^ Hull, Dana (April 7, 2016). "Tesla Says It Received More Than 325,000 Model 3 Reservations". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  119. ^ Randall, Tom (April 21, 2016). "Ten Charts That Will Make You Rethink Tesla's Model 3". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  120. ^ "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Inc. Palo Alto. February 22, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2017. Production totaled 24,882 vehicles in 4Q 2016 and vehicle deliveries totaled 22,252 units. No breakdown by model was provided.
  121. ^ Holland, Maximilian (February 10, 2020). "Tesla Passes 1 Million EV Milestone & Model 3 Becomes All Time Best Seller". CleanTechnica. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020. Tesla's quarterly reports, meanwhile, had put the Model 3's cumulative sales at 447,980 at the end of 2019.
  122. ^ a b Jose, Pontes (February 2, 2021). "Global Top 20 – December 2020". EVSales.com. Retrieved February 3, 2021. "Global sales totaled 3,124,793 plug-in passenger cars in 2020, with a BEV to PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a global market share of 4%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3 with 365,240 units delivered, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2019 with 499,535 units, followed by VW with 220,220."
  123. ^ O'Kane, Sean (February 22, 2019). "Tesla's Model 3 was the best-selling EV in the world last year". The Verge. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  124. ^ Jose, Pontes (January 30, 2022). "World EV Sales – Tesla Model 3 Wins 4th Consecutive Best Seller Title in Record Year". CleanTechnica. Retrieved February 5, 2022. "The top 3 global best selling plug-in electric cars in 2021 were the Tesla Model 3 (500,713), the Wuling Hongguang Mini EV (424,138), and the Tesla Model Y (410,517)"
  125. ^ Kane, Mark (January 24, 2019). "US Plug-In Electric Car Sales Charted: December 2018". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved January 24, 2019. See Graph: "Top 10 U.S. Plug-in cars (cumulative sales)" and "U.S. Plug-in Car Sales (cumulative)"
  126. ^ Kane, Mark (March 12, 2019). "US Plug-In Electric Car Sales Charted: February 2019". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  127. ^ Moore, C.J. (February 14, 2021). "Tesla's commanding lead in U.S. EVs illustrated by registration report". Automotive News. CarAdvice. Retrieved February 14, 2021. According to Experian, in 2020 the top U.S. EVs by registrations were the Tesla Model 3 (95,135), Tesla Model Y (71,344), Chevrolet Bolt EV (19,664), the Tesla Model X (19,652), Tesla Model S (14,430) and the Nissan Leaf (8,972). All four Tesla models accounted for 200,561 registrations, up 16% from 2019.
  128. ^ Shahan, Zachary (January 19, 2020). "Tesla Model 3 = #1 Best Selling Auto in Netherlands & Norway in 2019". Clean Technica. Retrieved May 16, 2020. In Norway and the Netherlands, the Model 3 was the #1 best selling automobile of any kind in any class in 2019.
  129. ^ "OFV Registreringsstatistikk" [OFV Registration Statistics] (in Norwegian). Norwegian Road Federation (OFV). January 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020. To access the sales ranking by model choose "Modell" and the tabs for "2019" and "Desember" – The Tesla Model 3 was the best selling passenger car in Norway in 2019 with 15,683 units registered.
  130. ^ "Elon Musk says Tesla Model Y will be a 'manufacturing revolution'". The Verge. May 3, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  131. ^ "Tesla Model Y's Optional Third Row Is Ultra-Tiny". CarBuzz. January 10, 2021. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  132. ^ "Tesla Model Y Interior Review". MotorTrend. May 26, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  133. ^ "2021 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  134. ^ Lambert, Fred (March 15, 2019). "Tesla unveils Model Y electric SUV with 300 miles range and 7-seats". Electrek. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  135. ^ "Musk Says Tesla Is Likely to Produce Model Y in Fremont". Bloomberg L.P. June 2, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  136. ^ Merano, Maria (January 19, 2023). "Tesla Germany's base Model Y gets longer delivery estimate after price cuts". Teslarati. Retrieved January 23, 2023.
  137. ^ "Tesla's entry into truck-making presents a whole new challenge for Elon Musk". Los Angeles Times. November 14, 2017. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  138. ^ Davies, Alex (November 16, 2017). "Elon Musk Reveals Tesla's Electric Semitruck". Wired. US. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  139. ^ Sage, Alexandria (November 17, 2017). "Loblaw, Walmart to test out Tesla's all-electric Semi in Canada". Canada: CBC News. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  140. ^ Smith, Jennifer (November 17, 2017). "Tesla's Electric Semi Truck Gets Orders From Wal-Mart and J.B. Hunt". The Wall Street Journal. US. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  141. ^ Babcock, Stephane (October 20, 2021). "Tesla Announces Semi to Hit in 2023". ACT News. Archived from the original on October 21, 2021.
  142. ^ Kolodny, Lora (April 29, 2020). "Tesla delays Semi production and deliveries until 2021". CNBC.
  143. ^ Somerville, Heather (November 28, 2020). "Tesla's Delayed Semi Truck Tests Elon Musk's Ability to Scale Up". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660.
  144. ^ "Tesla to Deliver Its First Electric Semi Trucks to Pepsi 3 Years Late". Gizmodo. October 7, 2022. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  145. ^ DiNapoli, Jessica; Kumar, Uday Sampath; DiNapoli, Jessica (October 7, 2022). "PepsiCo confirms Tesla Semi truck deliveries to start in December". Reuters. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  146. ^ Elliott, Rebecca (December 2022). "Tesla Set to Deliver Semi Truck to PepsiCo, Expanding Beyond Passenger Vehicles". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  147. ^ "Tesla Roadster is back: 0–60 in 1.9 seconds, 620-mile range". Green Car Reports. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  148. ^ a b c Gibbs, Samuel (November 17, 2017). "Tesla Roadster: nine things we know about the 'smackdown to gasoline cars'". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  149. ^ Ballaban, Michael (July 17, 2015). "The Tesla Model S Just Got Upgraded to Ludicrous Speed". Jalopnik. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
  150. ^ "Elon Musk: Tesla Roadster Delayed (Again), This Time to 2023". MotorTrend. September 1, 2021. Archived from the original on September 3, 2021. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  151. ^ O'Kane, Sean (November 21, 2019). "Elon Musk just announced the new Tesla Cybertruck". The Verge.
  152. ^ Jin, Hyunjoo (January 14, 2022). "Exclusive: Tesla delays initial production of Cybertruck to early 2023 – source". Reuters. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  153. ^ "Shattered glass: Futuristic design questioned after Tesla Cybertruck launch". Reuters. November 22, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  154. ^ Ricker, Thomas (November 22, 2019). "Elon Musk's Cybertruck is here, and so are the jokes". The Verge. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  155. ^ McFarland, Matt (November 22, 2019). "Tesla's Cybertruck has become the butt of every internet joke". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  156. ^ Szymkowski, Sean. "Tesla Battery Day recap: Major announcements include Model S Plaid and a $25,000 EV". Roadshow. CNET.
  157. ^ Schmidt, Bridie (November 27, 2019). "Tesla Cybertruck may be unsafe for other road users, says Australian safety chief". The Driven. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  158. ^ Lawler, R. (November 23, 2019). "Elon Musk confirms Tesla's 'Cyberquad' as a Cybertruck accessory". Engadget.
  159. ^ Morris, James (January 7, 2023). "Tesla Next Generation Platform: Everything We Know So Far". Forbes. Retrieved March 13, 2023.
  160. ^ Woodyard, Chris (August 3, 2011). "Tesla boasts about electric car deliveries, plans for sedan". USA Today. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
  161. ^ "Supply Agreement for Products and Services – Lotus Cars Limited". sec.gov. July 11, 2005.
  162. ^ Plait, Phil (December 2, 2017). "Elon Musk: On the Roadster to Mars". Syfy. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  163. ^ Ferris, Robert (July 20, 2016). "Musk Sees Tesla's Future: Trucks, Transit and Solar in a Push to Sustainability". CNBC. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  164. ^ "Elon Musk Confirms Tesla Minibus Built on Model X Chassis". Fortune. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  165. ^ O'Kane, Sean (May 3, 2017). "Elon Musk hints Tesla may not build a bus after all". The Verge. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  166. ^ Gastelu, Gary (June 6, 2018). "Elon Musk was almost killed on a motorcycle, so Tesla will never build them". Fox News. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  167. ^ Mearian, Lucas (April 27, 2016). "Elon Musk says Tesla's next-gen Model 4 will be affordable for everyone". Computerworld. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  168. ^ Beckwith, Jimi (June 6, 2018). "Tesla compact hatchback to launch within five years". Autocar. UK. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  169. ^ Anderson, Brad (June 9, 2018). "Tesla Could Launch A New Compact EV In Less Than Five Years". Carscoops. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  170. ^ Chokshi, Niraj (September 22, 2020). "Elon Musk Promises to Make a $25,000 Tesla (in 3 Years)". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  171. ^ Durkee, Alison (April 23, 2019). "Elon Musk Wants His Own 'Robot Taxis' to Replace Uber and Lyft". The Hive. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  172. ^ Brown, Mike (May 8, 2020). "Tesla robo-taxi release date: Elon Musk outlines 3-step plan". Inverse. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  173. ^ Desjardins, Jeff (April 28, 2018). "Here's what the future of Tesla could look like". Business Insider. Archived from the original on May 1, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  174. ^ Hanley, Steve (August 12, 2016). "Elon Musk & SolarCity CTO Peter Rive Announce 'Solar Roof' (Not 'Solar on the Roof')". CleanTechnica. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  175. ^ "Complete review of Tesla solar panels: are they worth it?". Solar Reviews. May 9, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  176. ^ Debord, Matthew (May 1, 2015). "Elon Musk's big announcement: it's called 'Tesla Energy'". Business Insider. Retrieved June 11, 2015.
  177. ^ Hampton, Liz; Jin, Hyunjoo (September 8, 2021). "Tesla plans energy trading team as company expands battery projects". Reuters. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  178. ^ Delbert, Caroline (May 4, 2020). "Elon Musk Would Like to Help You Trade Energy". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  179. ^ Scully, Jules (January 26, 2023). "Tesla 2022 solar installs inched up to 348MW". PV Tech. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  180. ^ Kolodny, Lora (July 20, 2022). "Tesla grows revenue 42%, but automotive margins decline". CNBC. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
  181. ^ Kolodny, Lora (July 18, 2021). "Tesla owners can now get 'FSD' premium driver assistance for $199 per month". CNBC. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
  182. ^ Lambert, Fred (May 23, 2017). "Elon Musk is considering a Tesla in-car Wifi hotspot and dynamic 360-degree surround view". Electrek. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  183. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (April 22, 2019). "Tesla plans to launch a robotaxi network in 2020". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  184. ^ "Q2 2022 Update". Tesla. July 20, 2022. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  185. ^ Hoffman, Connor (April 15, 2020). "Tesla's 250-kW Supercharger Only Saved Us 2 Minutes vs. a 150-kW Charger". Car and Driver. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  186. ^ Sakelaris, Nicholas (September 16, 2013). "Why Tesla roadster owners can't charge at new free station". The Business Journals. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  187. ^ "Tesla's Navigation Eliminates The Need To Plan Charging Stops On Road Trips". CleanTechnica. March 26, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  188. ^ Golson, Jordan (January 12, 2017). "Tesla details Supercharging fees for new buyers". The Verge. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  189. ^ Lambert, Fred (August 3, 2019). "Tesla brings back 'unsustainable' free unlimited Supercharging perk". Electrek. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  190. ^ Lambert, Fred (May 27, 2020). "Tesla removes free Supercharging on Model S and Model X". Electrek. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  191. ^ Lambert, Fred (May 20, 2017). "Understanding Tesla's new Supercharger access for Model S and Model X". Electrek. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  192. ^ Capparella, Joey (August 5, 2019). "Tesla Brings Back Free Supercharging in Attempt to Boost Model S and Model X Sales". Car and Driver. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  193. ^ Lavrinc, Damon (August 28, 2014). "Tesla Rolls Out 'Destination Charging' At Resorts And Restaurants". Jalopnik. US. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  194. ^ Templeton, Brad. "For Tesla Electric Car Tourism, Hotel Charging Is The Answer, Not Supercharging". Forbes. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  195. ^ Lambert, Fred (August 2, 2022). "Tesla enables paid charging at Destination Chargers, but there's a catch". Electrek. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  196. ^ Lambert, Fred (February 14, 2020). "Tesla is starting to add third-party charging stations to its in-car navigation". Electrek. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  197. ^ Shakir, Umar (November 11, 2022). "Tesla opens up its charging connector in a bid to become the North American standard". The Verge. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
  198. ^ Lambert, Fred (November 11, 2022). "Tesla opens its EV charge connector in the hope of making it the new standard". Electrek. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
  199. ^ "Tesla Aims To Fix American EV Charging Infrastructure With The North American Charging Standard". MSN. November 11, 2022. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
  200. ^ "Opening the North American Charging Standard" (Press release). US: Tesla. November 11, 2022. Retrieved November 12, 2022.
  201. ^ Gitlin, Jonathan M. (May 26, 2023). "Ford EVs will get access to Tesla's Supercharger network in 2024". Ars Technica. US. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  202. ^ Lambert, Fred (July 19, 2017). "Tesla's over-the-air software updates make other vehicles 'highly vulnerable to obsolescence', says analyst". Electrek. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
  203. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (June 22, 2020). "Musk Announces Tesla Basic Autopilot Deal". Car and Driver. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  204. ^ Gurskiy, Denis (January 19, 2020). "Make your Model 3 quicker with this option from Tesla". evannex.com. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  205. ^ Lambert, Fred (February 15, 2020). "Tesla starts selling rear-heated seats on Model 3 SR and SR Plus as $300 OTA upgrade". Electrek. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  206. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (December 7, 2019). "Tesla starts charging $10 a month for its 'premium connectivity' features". Electrek. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  207. ^ Spangler, Todd (September 26, 2019). "Tesla Adds Spotify, Netflix, YouTube and Hulu Support". Variety. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  208. ^ "Tesla Service Struggles To Keep Up With Sales Volume". CleanTechnica. March 21, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  209. ^ "Tesla Mobile Service". Electrek. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  210. ^ a b Yarow, Jay (March 12, 2014). "Watch Elon Musk Make An Emotional Speech About How Auto Dealers Are 'Perverting Democracy' To Destroy Tesla And Hurt Customers". Business Insider. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  211. ^ Dent, Steve (March 22, 2019). "Tesla drops annual servicing for 'as needed' repair model". Engadget. US. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  212. ^ a b c d e Glon, Ronan (June 4, 2017). "AAA raising insurance rates for Tesla owners". Left Lane News. Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  213. ^ Burke, Katie (June 4, 2017). "Tesla owners should pay more for insurance, AAA says". Automotive News. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  214. ^ Felton, Ryan (June 5, 2017). "AAA Raises Insurance Rates On Tesla Vehicles Because Repairs Are So Costly". Jalopnik. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  215. ^ a b Barlyn, Suzanne; Mathias, Tamara (August 28, 2019). "Tesla rolls out insurance in California". Reuters. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  216. ^ Moffat, Anne Riley (October 13, 2017). "Tesla Partners With Liberty Mutual for Customized Insurance Plan". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  217. ^ Muoio, Danielle (October 21, 2017). "Tesla strikes another deal that shows it's about to turn the car insurance world upside down". Business Insider. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  218. ^ a b Fortuna, Carolyn (August 9, 2020). "Tesla Insurance 101". CleanTechnica. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  219. ^ O'Brien, Sarah (September 18, 2019). "Tesla dips into the car insurance business. Whether it would cost less is not clear". CNBC. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  220. ^ a b Sully, Evan (October 21, 2020). "Experts say Tesla's unique data-tracking abilities give it an advantage as Elon Musk looks to build a 'major insurance company' for Tesla owners". Business Insider. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  221. ^ "Tesla expands its own insurance based on real-time driver data to two more states – now in 10 states". electrek.co. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  222. ^ Wilson, Kevin A. (March 15, 2018). "Worth the Watt: A Brief History of the Electric Car, 1830 to Present". Car and Driver. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  223. ^ Welch, David (July 30, 2007). "Tesla: A Carmaker With Silicon Valley Spark". BloombergBusinessweek. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  224. ^ "Elon Musk Envisions Tesla Electric Car as Low as $20K". GigaOm. September 17, 2008. Archived from the original on March 12, 2015.
  225. ^ Vaughan, Adam (October 25, 2013). "12 interesting things we learned from Tesla's Elon Musk this week". The Guardian.
  226. ^ "Tesla Introduced A Business Model The World Has Not Seen Before". CleanTechnica. August 29, 2020.
  227. ^ Read, Richard. "GM Follows Tesla's Lead, Plans To Sell Directly To Online Shoppers". The Car Connection. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  228. ^ a b "7 Reasons Why Tesla Insists on Selling its Own Cars". Fortune. January 19, 2016.
  229. ^ O'Toole, James (July 2, 2013). "Tesla direct-sales petition hits 100,000 signatures". CNN.
  230. ^ Shipley, Lou (February 28, 2020). "How Tesla Sets Itself Apart". Harvard Business Review. ISSN  0017-8012.
  231. ^ a b c d "Annual report Form 10-K 2021 Tesla Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  232. ^ Chapman, Steve (June 20, 2013). "Car buyers get hijacked". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  233. ^ "Tesla Stores". Tesla. April 2, 2021.
  234. ^ a b c Borchers, Callum (November 20, 2013). "Automaker Tesla looks to bypass car dealers". The Boston Globe.
  235. ^ "Tesla Has Altered The Car Dealership Model for the Better". InsideEVs. January 23, 2020.
  236. ^ Valdes-Dapena, Peter (May 20, 2013). "Tesla's fight with America's car dealers". CNN.
  237. ^ "Tesla's great year came without paid advertising, but plenty of buzz". Advertising Age. December 13, 2021. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  238. ^ Gallucci, Maria (June 13, 2014). "Tesla Motors Opens Patents: Elon Musk's Electric Cars Now Part Of 'Open Source Movement'". HybridCars.com. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  239. ^ Jin, Hyunjoo (January 4, 2022). "Explainer: How Tesla weathered global supply chain issues that knocked rivals". Reuters. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  240. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (February 26, 2016). "Tesla is now ~80% vertically integrated, says Goldman Sachs after a Tesla Factory visit". electrek.co. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  241. ^ McAssey, Pat (October 13, 2016). "Volkswagen CEO 'Annoyed Beyond Measure' That DHL Made Electric Van". NESN Fuel. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  242. ^ "Alternative Fuels Data Center: Developing Infrastructure to Charge Plug-In Electric Vehicles". afdc.energy.gov. United States Department of Energy. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  243. ^ Stringham, Edward Peter; Miller, Jennifer Kelly; Clark, J.R. (2015). "Overcoming Barriers to Entry in an Established Industry: Tesla Motors". California Management Review. 57 (4): 85–103. doi: 10.1525/cmr.2015.57.4.85. ISSN  0008-1256. S2CID  155655599.
  244. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (July 29, 2020). "Elon Musk: Tesla would share batteries, technology with competitors". Autoblog. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  245. ^ Blattberg, Eric (June 14, 2014). "Here's what Tesla's 'good faith' patent stance actually means". VentureBeat. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  246. ^ Roberts, Jeff John (June 14, 2014). "What Elon Musk did – and did not – do when he "opened" Tesla's patents". GigaOm. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  247. ^ LeBeau, Phil (February 10, 2020). "Tesla's competitors play catch-up on electric batteries". CNBC. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  248. ^ "Demand for cylindrical battery cells for electric vehicles on rise". The Korea Times. April 17, 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  249. ^ "LFP & prismatic battery cells at core of Tesla's China strategy". Benchmark Mineral Intelligence. February 19, 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  250. ^ Fisher, Thomas (June 11, 2013). "What Goes into A Tesla Model S Battery – And What It May Cost". Green Car Reports. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  251. ^ a b Prince, Max (March 28, 2014). "Meet the up-armored, titanium-shielded Tesla Model S". Road & Track. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  252. ^ "Tesla CTO: Tesla Batteries Expected To Last 10–15 Years At A Minimum". CleanTechnica. September 6, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  253. ^ a b "Why Vehicle-To-Grid & Used EV Battery Storage Isn't Logical". CleanTechnica. August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  254. ^ Jacques, Carole (November 22, 2016). "Recycling, not Reuse, Is the Better Choice for Batteries from Retired Electric Vehicles". Lux Research. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
  255. ^ "Tesla launches battery recycling at Nevada Gigafactory". Green Car Reports. April 16, 2019. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  256. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (January 4, 2022). "Panasonic to use Redwood's recycled materials in battery cell production at Tesla gigafactory". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 12, 2022.
  257. ^ "Panasonic to expand battery capacity at Tesla Gigafactory". TechCrunch. September 8, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  258. ^ Gurskiy, Denis (January 27, 2021). "Tesla Factory: Stats, Production, History, and Delivery Numbers by Gigafactory". EVBite. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  259. ^ Sanderson, Henry (February 19, 2020). "Tesla's choice of cheaper lithium batteries hits cobalt miners". Financial Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2022. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  260. ^ Lambert, Fred (April 22, 2022). "Tesla is already using cobalt-free LFP batteries in half of its new cars produced". Electrek. Retrieved November 12, 2022.
  261. ^ MacQueen, Caitlyn (January 19, 2021). "Advanced Battery Scientists Join Excludive Tesla Partnership at DAL in Research Chair Roles". Dalhousie University.
  262. ^ "Tesla Motors signs first Canadian university research agreement with Dalhousie University" (Press release). Dalhousie University. June 17, 2015.
  263. ^ Shirouzu, Norihiko; Lienert, Paul (May 14, 2020). "How Tesla tapped a tiny Canadian lab for battery breakthroughs". Reuters.
  264. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 9, 2020). "Tesla is going to have new head of its Advanced Battery Research in Canada". Electrek.
  265. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 21, 2020). "Elon Musk: Tesla acquisition of Maxwell is going to have a very big impact on batteries". Electrek.
  266. ^ Lambert, Fred (July 21, 2021). "Tesla (TSLA) sells back Maxwell Technology's ultracapacitor business to former executives". Electrek.
  267. ^ "Tesla Adds Hibar Systems To Its List Of Acquisitions". CleanTechnica. October 6, 2019.
  268. ^ Palmer, Annie (October 7, 2019). "Tesla reportedly bought a company that specializes in high-speed battery manufacturing". CNBC.
  269. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (September 22, 2020). "Tesla announces "tabless" battery cells that will improve range of its electric cars". The Verge.
  270. ^ Morris, Charles (September 24, 2020). "Charged EVs | Tesla Battery Day: a raft of tech advances will deliver cost reductions worth waiting for". chargedevs.com. Charged. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  271. ^ "Tesla taps tiny startup's tech to build cheaper, cleaner batteries". TechCrunch. May 4, 2021.
  272. ^ Bonifacic, Igor (May 4, 2021). "Tesla may have paid $3 to buy patents for making cleaner EV batteries". Engadget.
  273. ^ Templeton, Brad (September 22, 2020). "Tesla 'Battery Day' Promises 56% Reduction in Battery Cost And Much More". Forbes.
  274. ^ "Tesla seeking 56% cut in $/kWh, $25K EV in three years through manufacturing and design innovations". Green Car Congress. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  275. ^ Lee, Timothy (December 13, 2021). "Why battery costs have plunged 89 percent since 2010". Full Stack Economics. Retrieved January 30, 2022. Tesla hasn't shared its exact battery costs with BloombergNEF, but the group estimates Tesla spends $112 per kWh – 15 percent below the industry average of $132.
  276. ^ Colthorpe, Andy (December 1, 2021). "BloombergNEF: Average battery pack prices to drop below US$100/kWh by 2024 despite near-term spikes". Energy Storage News. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  277. ^ Rathi, Akshat (September 22, 2020). "The Magic Number That Unlocks The Electric-Car Revolution". Bloomberg L.P.
  278. ^ "Tesla's 3-Phase 4-Pole AC Induction Motor – Why Nikola Tesla's 19th Century Induction Motor Is The Ideal Choice for the 21st Century Electric Car". CleanTechnica. May 30, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  279. ^ "Motor technology from Model 3 helps Tesla boost Model S range 10%". ArsTechnica. April 24, 2019.
  280. ^ Huynh, TA. "Performance Analysis of Permanent Magnet Motors for Electric Vehicles Traction Considering Driving Cycles".
  281. ^ "Apple engineer killed in Tesla SUV crash on Silicon Valley freeway was playing videogame: NTSB". MarketWatch. February 25, 2020.
  282. ^ Lambert, Fred (June 17, 2015). "Understanding Tesla's self-driving features: The Autopilot". Electrek.
  283. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (October 20, 2016). "A look at Tesla's new Autopilot hardware suite: 8 cameras, 1 radar, ultrasonics & new supercomputer". Electrek.
  284. ^ Lambert, Fred (August 9, 2017). "Tesla has a new Autopilot '2.5' hardware suite with more computing power for autonomous driving". Electrek.
  285. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 4, 2019). "Tesla leaks info about new self-driving computer in latest software update". Electrek.
  286. ^ a b Logan, Bryan (April 11, 2019). "Tesla made Autopilot a standard feature on all its vehicles and announced sweeping changes to the Model 3 lineup". Business Insider.
  287. ^ O'Kane, Sean (April 27, 2020). "Teslas can now see and slow for traffic lights and stop signs". The Verge.
  288. ^ Popa, Bogdan (October 2, 2020). "Tesla Cars No Longer Need Driver Input to Automatically Go Through Intersections". Autoevolution.
  289. ^ Lambert, Fred (March 5, 2019). "Tesla Autopilot now detects stop lines in move to handle intersections". Electrek.
  290. ^ "Transitioning to Tesla Vision". tesla.com. May 25, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  291. ^ McFarland, Matt (June 18, 2021). "Tesla is following in the steps of an unlikely rival: Subaru". CNN.
  292. ^ Kolodny, Lora (May 25, 2021). "Tesla is ditching radar, will rely on cameras for Autopilot in some cars". CNBC.
  293. ^ Metz, Cade; Boudette, Neal E. (December 6, 2021). "Inside Tesla as Elon Musk Pushed an Unflinching Vision for Self-Driving Cars". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  294. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (February 13, 2019). "In 2017, the feds said Tesla Autopilot cut crashes 40% – that was bogus". Ars Technica. Retrieved February 5, 2022.
  295. ^ Goodall, Noah J. (October 26, 2021). "A Methodology for Normalizing Safety Statistics of Partially Automated Vehicles". Virginia Transportation Research Council. doi: 10.31224/osf.io/m8j6g. S2CID  240033225. {{ cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= ( help)
  296. ^ Golson, Jordan; Bohn, Dieter (October 19, 2016). "All new Tesla cars now have hardware for 'full self-driving capabilities'". The Verge. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  297. ^ "Tesla Offers 'Full Self-Driving' Feature as a Monthly Subscription". Consumer Reports. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  298. ^ Stoklosa, Alexander (October 22, 2020). "Tesla Puts "Beta" Version of Full Self-Driving Capability in Hands of Select Few". Motor Trend. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  299. ^ Holderith, Peter (October 27, 2020). "Tesla's 'Full Self Driving' Beta Tech Nearly Wrecked This Model 3 Into a Parked Car". The Drive. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  300. ^ Synced (October 28, 2020). "Tesla Rolls Out 'Full Self-Driving' Beta; Critics Apply the Brakes". Synced. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  301. ^ Kolodny, Lora (March 12, 2021). "A federal agency warns Tesla tests unfinished driverless tech on its users". CNBC. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  302. ^ a b "If GM/Cruise Is Way Behind Waymo, How Does It Compare To Tesla?". CleanTechnica. June 20, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  303. ^ "Tesla Autopilot Updates & Notes from Elon Musk". CleanTechnica. October 12, 2020. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  304. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (August 6, 2019). "Elon Musk: "Anyone relying on lidar is doomed." Experts: Maybe not". Ars Technica. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  305. ^ Klender, Joey (January 14, 2021). "Tesla dials in on FSD improvements with 'millimeter-wave radar sensor' filing". Teslarati. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  306. ^ Agarwal, Yash (September 3, 2019). "Tesla develops new chip : has it finally cracked full autonomous driving?". DriveTribe. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  307. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (April 24, 2019). "It's Elon Musk vs. everyone else in the race for fully driverless cars". The Verge. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  308. ^ "Tesla's plan for Level 5 not feasible, experts say". Automotive News. July 20, 2020. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  309. ^ Group, SAE Media. "Is Lidar Necessary for Autonomous Vehicles?". techbriefs.com. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  310. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (March 9, 2021). "Tesla Tells California DMV that FSD Is Not Capable of Autonomous Driving". Car and Driver.
  311. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam; Shepard, Scott (May 20, 2021). "Guidehouse Insights Names Waymo, Nvidia, Argo AI, and Baidu the Leading Companies Developing Automated Driving Systems (Executive Summary)" (PDF). Guidehouse Insights. Retrieved May 24, 2021.(Registration required)
  312. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (October 26, 2021). "NTSB chair calls on Elon Musk to change design of Tesla Autopilot". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  313. ^ "Giga Presses -- the giant die casts that are reshaping car manufacturing". US. Reuters. February 10, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023 – via Automotive News.
  314. ^ Bobrowsky, Meghan; Elliott, Rebecca (September 30, 2022). "Elon Musk Unveils Prototype of Tesla's Humanoid Robot Optimus, Says It Will Cost Less Than a Car". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660. Retrieved October 2, 2022.
  315. ^ Muoio, Danielle (November 1, 2016). "Elon Musk: Tesla is developing a special kind of glass for its Model 3". Business Insider.
  316. ^ Stewart, James B. (August 23, 2013). "Wondering if Tesla Can Get There From Here". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 26, 2013.
  317. ^ Dudley, Brier (May 21, 2009). "Tesla announces showroom in Seattle". The Seattle Times.
  318. ^ Korosec, Kirsten. "Tesla to reduce on-site staff at Nevada gigafactory by 75%". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  319. ^ "Tesla Factory". Tesla. March 28, 2022. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022.
  320. ^ a b Johnston, Adam (January 8, 2016). "Tesla Starts Off 2016 By Producing & Delivering Powerwall". CleanTechnica. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  321. ^ Damon, Anjeanette. "Worker injuries, 911 calls, housing crisis: Recruiting Tesla exacts a price". USA Today. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  322. ^ Loveday, Steven (March 31, 2021). "New Nevada Tesla Semi Production Line May Build 5 Trucks Per Week". InsideEVs.
  323. ^ a b c Ayre, James (September 7, 2017). "Solar Roof Tile Production at Tesla's Buffalo "Gigafactory" Now Up & Running". Clean Technica.
  324. ^ Hanley, Steve (February 28, 2020). "Tesla Now Has 1,800 Employees in New York, Panasonic Quits Gigafactory 2 In Buffalo (The Solar One)". CleanTechnica. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  325. ^ a b Kolodny, Lora (October 23, 2019). "Tesla shares soar after crushing third-quarter earnings". CNBC. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  326. ^ "Tesla to Spend $188 Million to Expand Shanghai Factory". The Street. November 26, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  327. ^ "Elon Musk personally delivers first made-in Germany Tesla Model Y at Gigafactory Berlin". electrek.co. March 22, 2022. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  328. ^ "New Tesla factory near Berlin to create 'up to 10,000 jobs'". The Local Germany. November 13, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  329. ^ Kane, Mark. "Tesla's Elon Musk Shows Off Huge Progress at Giga Berlin". InsideEVs. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  330. ^ "Elon Musk opens Tesla's Texas gigafactory with an all-night, neon-light 'Cyber Rodeo'". Fortune. April 9, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  331. ^ a b Vorrath, Sophie (July 22, 2020). "Giga Texas! Austin to build Tesla's new Cybertruck and Tesla Semi". The Driven. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  332. ^ "Elon Must: Over 10,000 people are needed for Giga Texas just through 2022!". Retrieved August 21, 2021 – via Twitter.
  333. ^ Marshall, Matt (June 2, 2016). "2006: San Carlos start-up Tesla seeks sexier electric car". Mercury News. San Jose, California. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  334. ^ "Tesla moving headquarters and powertrain operations to Palo Alto". Mercury News. August 17, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
  335. ^ Behrens, Zach (May 2, 2008). "Tesla Opens First Dealership in Los Angeles". LAist. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  336. ^ "US Tesla Stores and Galleries | Tesla". www.tesla.com. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  337. ^ "Find Us | Tesla". www.tesla.com. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  338. ^ Kiley, David (April 2, 2010). "Goodbye, NUMMI: How a Plant Changed the Culture of Car-Making". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  339. ^ Randall, Tom (January 4, 2017). "Tesla Flips the Switch on the Gigafactory". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  340. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 3, 2018). "Tesla increases hiring effort at Gigafactory 1 to reach goal of 35 GWh of battery production". electrek.co. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  341. ^ Damon, Anjeanette (September 16, 2014). "Inside Nevada's $1.25 billion Tesla tax deal". Reno Gazette Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2016. the company must invest a minimum of $3.5 billion in manufacturing equipment and real property in the state. Five other states charge no sales tax at all and 34 states, including Arizona and Texas, don't charges sales tax on manufacturing equipment.
  342. ^ Robinson, David (August 31, 2017). "6 things to watch as Panasonic gears up to start production". The Buffalo News. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
  343. ^ Christmann, Samantha (December 27, 2016). "Panasonic will invest in Tesla's South Buffalo solar plant". The Buffalo News. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  344. ^ "Musk vows to move Tesla HQ over lockdown row". BBC News. May 10, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  345. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 5, 2021). "Tesla Gigafactory Texas hits hyperspeed with giant building coming up, new job postings". Electrek. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  346. ^ Bursztynsky, Jessica (July 22, 2020). "Tesla will build its next Gigafactory near Austin, Texas". Business News and Finance. CNBC. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  347. ^ Lambert, Fred (December 1, 2021). "Tesla announces it has officially moved its headquarters next to Gigafactory Texas".
  348. ^ Feiner, Lauren (May 9, 2022). "Tesla covers travel costs for out-of-state health care including, reportedly, abortions". CNBC. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
  349. ^ Campbell, Jason (September 23, 2021). "Lathrop Lands Tesla Mega Battery Plant". Mantica / Ripon Bulletin. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  350. ^ Lee-Jones, Sarah (September 22, 2021). "New Tesla Megafactory Breaks Ground in Lathrop, California". Tesla North. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  351. ^ Leeds, Samson (June 28, 2009). "Tesla opens Flagship Euro Store in London". Top Car Zone. Sablog zone. Archived from the original on August 11, 2018. Retrieved October 25, 2009.
  352. ^ Boston, William; Higgins, Tim (July 30, 2018). "Tesla Explores Building Major Factory in Europe". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  353. ^ Kane, Mark. "Tesla's New Tilburg Factory Now Open". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on May 17, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017. re-assembled after leaving Tesla's Fremont factory in California in order to meet domestic manufacturing/regulatory standards and to avoid extra EU taxation/import tariff rules. The 'final assembly' process reportedly takes about 2–3 hours per vehicle, but saves about ~10% worth of fees added to the EVs' pricing.
  354. ^ Tredway, Gareth (November 8, 2016). "Tesla buys automated manufacturing specialist Grohmann". Automotive Logistics. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
  355. ^ Linden, Fritz-Peter (April 6, 2017). "Demnächst nur noch ein einziger Kunde für Tesla Grohmann in Prüm" [Next, only a single customer for Tesla Grohmann in Prüm] (in German). Volksfreund.de. Retrieved April 8, 2017. We need all capacities in Prüm to drive the production of the Model 3 in large numbers. "a fast and smooth transfer of current customers to other suppliers" is being carried out.
  356. ^ Lambert, Fred (November 8, 2016). "Tesla plans to choose location for 'Gigafactory 2' in Europe next year, will produce both batteries and cars". electrek.co. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  357. ^ Lambert, Fred (January 8, 2017). "The race to get 'Tesla Gigafactory 2' heats up, French Minister visits Fremont factory". Electrek. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  358. ^ Remondini, Chiara; Rauwald, Christoph (November 12, 2019). "Tesla Plans to Build Next Factory in Berlin, Elon Musk Says". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  359. ^ "Mandatory Musk: Tesla is building a factory in Brandenburg". The German Times. October 1, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  360. ^ a b Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Tesla's first European Gigafactory opens near Berlin | DW | March 22, 2022". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved March 26, 2022.
  361. ^ Takahashi, Chester Dawson and Yoshio (November 15, 2010). "Tesla Plans Japan Push". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  362. ^ Dawson, Chester; Takahashi, Yoshio (November 15, 2010). "Tesla Plans Japan Push". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 7, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  363. ^ "Tesla Motors Opens Showroom and Service Center in Netherlands (TSLA)". The Stock Market Watch. September 28, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  364. ^ Shu, Catherine (December 16, 2013). "Tesla Launches Chinese Site As It Prepares To Sell Its Electric Cars in China". TechCrunch. Aol Inc. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  365. ^ Lesage, Joe (March 17, 2017). "Tesla Opening Two Showrooms in South Korea This Week". Hybrid Cars. US. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  366. ^ Ramirez, Elaine. "Tesla Just Opened Its First South Korea Stores And There's Already A 6-Month Waiting List". Forbes. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  367. ^ "Taiwan headquarters of Tesla inaugurated in Taipei". Taiwan News. August 14, 2017. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  368. ^ "Tesla to build factory in Shanghai". BBC News. July 11, 2018. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  369. ^ "Top U.S., China diplomats have public spat as Alaska summit opens". NBC News. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  370. ^ "Musk says Tesla would be shut down if its cars spied in China, elsewhere". Reuters. March 20, 2021. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  371. ^ "Elon Musk denies Teslas used for spying after China's military bans cars from bases". The Guardian. Reuters. March 20, 2021. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  372. ^ "Chinese military bans Teslas from its complexes". Driving. March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  373. ^ "Annual Report On Form 10-K For The Year Ended December 31, 2021". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 4, 2022. p. 94. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  374. ^ Martin, Terry (March 18, 2010). "Tesla set to launch Roadster EV in Australia this year". Go Auto. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  375. ^ Maric, Paul (April 30, 2015). "Tesla to open new showroom and service centre in Richmond". Car Advice. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  376. ^ Schmidt, Bridie (January 18, 2019). "Tesla introduces self-schedule servicing in Australia and NZ". The Driven.
  377. ^ Patterson, Craig (March 11, 2019). "Tesla Puts the Brakes on Massive Store Closures". Retail Insider. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  378. ^ Langton, James (July 12, 2017). "Middle East's first Tesla showroom launches in Dubai". The National.
  379. ^ Pereña, Keith (February 18, 2017). "7 things you should know about Tesla cars in UAE". Khaleej Times.
  380. ^ "Tesla opens new store in Jordan, first in Levant and Middle East". The Jordan Times. May 20, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  381. ^ Blum, Brian (January 7, 2020). "Tesla sales and R&D coming to Israel this month". Israel21c. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  382. ^ Gupta, Poornima (January 7, 2010). "Tesla, Panasonic partner on electric car batteries". Reuters. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  383. ^ "Tesla & Panasonic Make It Official, Buddy Up for Batteries: Cleantech News". Gigaom.com. January 7, 2010. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  384. ^ "Panasonic invests $30m in Tesla". New Statesman. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  385. ^ "Panasonic, Tesla agree to partnership for US car battery plant". Nikkei Inc. July 29, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  386. ^ Kolodny, Lora (February 26, 2020). "Tesla, Panasonic will reportedly stop joint solar cell production at Gigafactory 2 in Buffalo". CNBC. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  387. ^ "Japan's Panasonic to end solar panel production – domestic media". Reuters. January 31, 2021. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  388. ^ Inagaki, Kana (March 14, 2021). "Panasonic to reduce Tesla reliance as battery tie-up evolves". Financial Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2022. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  389. ^ Jamasmie, Cecilia (September 28, 2020). "Piedmont Lithium stock soars on confirmed Tesla deal". mining.com. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  390. ^ Piedmont Lithium Signs Sales Agreement with Tesla, September 28, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  391. ^ "NT opens first lithium mine, supplying Tesla". PV Magazine. October 13, 2022. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  392. ^ Kaufman, Alexander C. (August 24, 2015). "Tesla Wants To Take Stress Out of Vacationing with an Electric Car". HuffPost. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  393. ^ Ross, Jeffrey N. (October 4, 2012). "Mercedes B-Class headed to America... but only as an EV?". Autoblog.com. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  394. ^ Arrington, Michael (May 19, 2009). "Tesla Worth More Than Half A Billion Dollars After Daimler Investment". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved August 1, 2009.
  395. ^ Godske, Bjørn (May 21, 2010). "Toyota buys $50mio stake in Tesla". Ing.dk. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  396. ^ a b "Daimler changes Tesla board member in shift to hyrids and EV's". Torque News. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  397. ^ Atkins, Thomas (July 13, 2009). "UAE'S Aabar buys 40 pct of Daimler's Tesla stake". Reuters. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  398. ^ Ramsey, Mike (October 21, 2014). "Daimler sells Tesla stake for $780 Million". MarketWatch.
  399. ^ Peterson, Andrew (March 12, 2010). "Tesla Motors to Provide Batteries for Freightliner Custom Chassis Electric Van". Motor Trend.
  400. ^ "10-K". sec.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  401. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Introduces the Battery-Powered A-Class E-CELL; Production Run of 500". Green Car Congress. September 15, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  402. ^ Masson, Laurent J (March 29, 2011). "Quick Drive: Electric Mercedes A-Class E-Cell". Plugin Cars. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  403. ^ Halvorson, Bengt (August 7, 2017). "Bye-Bye Baby B: Mercedes Spikes Its Electric Subcompact, Eyes More Mainstream EVs". Car and Driver. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  404. ^ "Mercedes-Benz B Class Electric Coming To U.S.: Report (Compliance Car Watch)". Green Car Reports. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  405. ^ Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki (September 16, 2015). "Report: Next-Generation Smart ForTwo Electric Drive Will Feature Renault-Made Motors". Transport Evolved. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  406. ^ Squatriglia, Chuck (January 13, 2009). "Tesla Motors Joins Daimler On a Smart EV". Wired. ISSN  1059-1028.
  407. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (July 16, 2010). "Breaking: Tesla and Toyota to develop RAV4 EV, hope to launch in 2012". Weblogs, Inc.
  408. ^ "Toyota unveils RAV4 EV demonstration vehicle; targeting fully-engineered version in 2012 for market". Green Car Congress. November 17, 2010.
  409. ^ Tellem, Tori (November 17, 2010). "2012 Toyota RAV4-EV: Take Two". The New York Times.
  410. ^ Garrett, Jerry (August 3, 2012). "Toyota and Tesla Trot Out the RAV4 EV". The New York Times.
  411. ^ "Toyota RAV4 EV key for meeting California ZEV requirements; Tesla powertrain uses Model S components". Green Car Congress. August 10, 2012.
  412. ^ "Toyota Wraps Up Production of RAV4 EV". PluginCars.com. September 29, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  413. ^ "Don't look for a Toyota RAV4 EV successor anytime soon". Roadshow. April 3, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  414. ^ a b Trudell, Craig; Ohnsman, Alan (August 7, 2014). "Why the Tesla-Toyota Partnership Short-Circuited". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  415. ^ Tajitsu, Naomi (June 5, 2017). "Toyota dumps all its shares in Tesla as their tie-up ends". Business Insider. Reuters.
  416. ^ Tajitsu, Naomi (June 3, 2017). "Toyota sells all shares in Tesla as their tie-up ends". Reuters.
  417. ^ Taylor, Paul Lienert, Norihiko Shirouzu, Edward (September 22, 2020). "The Musk Method: Learn from partners then go it alone". Reuters.
  418. ^ Ramsey, Mike (July 26, 2016). "Mobileye Ends Partnership With Tesla". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660.
  419. ^ "Elektromobilität : „Mein Autopilot hat mich fast umgebracht": Tesla-Files nähren Zweifel an Elon Musks Versprechen". www.handelsblatt.com (in German). Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  420. ^ "Whistleblower Drops 100 Gigabytes Of Tesla Secrets To German News Site: Report". Jalopnik. May 25, 2023. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  421. ^ Alkousaa, Riham; Sterling, Toby; Alkousaa, Riham (May 26, 2023). "Dutch watchdog looking into alleged Tesla data breach". Reuters. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  422. ^ Bonifacic, Igor (December 15, 2021). "Six more women sue Tesla over workplace sexual harassment". TechCrunch. US. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  423. ^ Dillon, Nancy (December 15, 2021). "Six Women Sue Tesla Alleging 'Rampant Sexual Harassment' at California Facilities". Rolling Stone. US. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  424. ^ a b Siddiqui, Faiz (December 14, 2021). "Six Tesla workers file additional lawsuits alleging sexual harassment". The Washington Post. ISSN  0190-8286. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  425. ^ Ohnsman, Alan (December 14, 2021). "Tesla Hit By 6 More Sexual Harassment Claims". Forbes. US. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  426. ^ Levin, Sam (June 1, 2017). "Tesla fires female engineer who alleged sexual harassment". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  427. ^ Trop, Jaclyn (May 25, 2022). "Tesla sexual harassment suit can proceed in court". TechCrunch. US. Retrieved June 22, 2022.
  428. ^ "Tesla revises nondisclosure clause as Musk accuses customers of 'fraud' on suspension claims". CNBC. June 11, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  429. ^ Kolodny, Lora (October 13, 2021). "NHTSA asks Tesla why it didn't initiate a recall when it pushed safety-related software update". CNBC. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  430. ^ Burgess, Christopher (August 30, 2018). "Tesla insider with expired NDA spills the tech beans". CSO Online. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  431. ^ Kolodny, Lora (October 12, 2021). "Tesla invites more drivers to 'Full Self-Driving Beta' program – read the email here". CNBC. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  432. ^ "Tesla NDA Warns 'Self Driving' Beta Testers 'People Want Tesla to Fail'". Vice (magazine). Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  433. ^ "Tech workers at Tesla, Intel say NDAs have 'silenced' them". HR Dive. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  434. ^ Stumpf, Rob (March 3, 2019). "Tesla Had 3 Times as Many OSHA Violations as the 10 Largest US Plants Combined". The Drive. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  435. ^ "Tesla says its factory is safer. But it left injuries off the books". Reveal. April 16, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  436. ^ a b O'Kane, Sean (March 13, 2019). "Tesla allegedly hacked, spied on, and followed Gigafactory whistleblower: report". The Verge. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  437. ^ O'Kane, Sean (March 11, 2019). "Another former Tesla security manager says the company spied on employees". The Verge. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  438. ^ "Gouthro v. Tesla Motors Inc :: Nevada District Court :: Federal Civil Lawsuit No. 2:20-cv-00286-GMN-BNW, Judge Gloria M. Navarro presiding". plainsite.org. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  439. ^ Evans, Will. "Tesla fired safety official for reporting unsafe conditions, lawsuit says". Reveal. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  440. ^ "Ramirez v. Tesla, Inc. :: Superior Court of California, County of Alameda :: State Civil Lawsuit No. RG18908005". plainsite.org. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  441. ^ Spillman, Benjamin. "Tesla whistleblower claims rampant theft, drug dealing at Nevada Gigafactory". Reno Gazette Journal. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  442. ^ "Case 3:19-cv-00413-LRH-WGC Document 55". PlainSite. July 15, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2022.
  443. ^ Hoffman, Bill (June 17, 2022). "JAMS Arbitration Case Reference No. 1260005897". PlainSite. Retrieved August 7, 2022. Claimant has failed to establish the claims contained in his demand for arbitration. Accordingly, his claims are denied, and he shall take nothing.
  444. ^ Eidelson, Josh (September 27, 2019). "Tesla Labor Practices and Musk Tweet Broke the Law, Judge Rules". Bloomberg L.P.
  445. ^ Campbell, Alexia Fernández (September 30, 2019). "Elon Musk broke US labor laws on Twitter". Vox Media.
  446. ^ "US labor board orders Elon Musk to delete a threatening tweet from 2018". Engadget. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  447. ^ Kolodny, Lora (March 25, 2021). "Tesla ordered to have Elon Musk delete anti-union tweet". CNBC. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  448. ^ Scheiber, Noam (March 31, 2023). "Tesla and Musk Lose Ruling on Factory Union Issues". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved April 14, 2023.
  449. ^ "Tesla Obstructed Probe of Worker Discrimination, California Says". Bloomberg.com. April 13, 2023. Retrieved April 14, 2023.
  450. ^ Hiltzikh, Michael (November 18, 2013). "The air starts leaking out of Tesla's tires". Los Angeles Times.
  451. ^ Tully, Shawn (September 2, 2016). "Why Tesla's Cash Crunch May Be Worse Than You Think". Fortune. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  452. ^ Mitchell, Russ (November 2, 2018). "Three takeaways from the 10-Q report that Tesla just filed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  453. ^ Owens, Jeremy C. "The SEC recently quizzed Tesla about its accounting, filings show". MarketWatch. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  454. ^ Powell, Jamie; Jones, Claire (December 18, 2019). "The question of Tesla's cash to be collected". Financial Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  455. ^ Querolo, Nic; Trudell, Craig (April 30, 2020). "Tesla Declines After Einhorn Questions Musk's Accounting". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  456. ^ Richards, Tori (July 23, 2015). "Tesla got $295M in subsidies for technology it didn't offer". Watchdog.org. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018.
  457. ^ Niedermeyer, Edward (June 23, 2015). "Tesla Battery Swap: CARB's Bridge To Nowhere". DailyKanban. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  458. ^ "Elon Musk knew SolarCity was going broke before merger with Tesla, lawsuit alleges". Los Angeles Times. September 24, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  459. ^ Hals, Tom (January 31, 2020). "Tesla directors settle, isolating Musk as SolarCity trial looms". Reuters. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  460. ^ "Elon Musk wins $13B suit over Solar City deal Tesla shareholders called a 'bailout'". techcrunch.com. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  461. ^ "Elon Musk wins shareholder lawsuit over Tesla's $2.6 billion SolarCity acquisition". CNBC. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  462. ^ O'Kane, Sean (August 7, 2019). "The lesson from Elon Musk's 'funding secured' mess is to never tweet". The Verge.
  463. ^ Rosenblatt, Joel (April 15, 2020). "Tesla Can't Duck Lawsuit Over Musk's Take-Private Tweet". Bloomberg L.P.
  464. ^ Osborne, Charlie. "The $40 million tweet: Elon Musk settles with SEC, Tesla bears the brunt". ZDNet. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  465. ^ Mitchell, Russ (April 15, 2020). "Judge deems Musk's 'funding secured' tweet false and misleading. A trial awaits". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  466. ^ a b Wayland, Michael (August 8, 2019). "Tesla's chaotic year after Musk's 'funding secured' tweet". CNBC.
  467. ^ "Tesla, Elon Musk must face shareholder lawsuit over going-private tweet". Autoblog. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  468. ^ a b "Tesla 10-K Files with SEC". sec.gov. February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  469. ^ Godoy, Jody; Jin, Hyunjoo (February 3, 2023). "Tesla's Elon Musk found not liable in trial over 2018 'funding secured' tweets". Reuters. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  470. ^ a b Viswanatha, Dana Cimilluca, Susan Pulliam and Aruna (October 26, 2018). "Tesla Faces Deepening Criminal Probe Over Whether It Misstated Production Figures". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  471. ^ Sage, Alexandria. "Tesla, Elon Musk win dismissal of lawsuit over Model 3 production". Reuters. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  472. ^ Kelleher, Kevin (March 25, 2019). "Federal Judge Dismisses Tesla Shareholders' Lawsuit on Model 3 Production – Again". Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  473. ^ "Direct-to-consumer auto sales: It's not just about Tesla". May 11, 2015.
  474. ^ Read, Richard (May 13, 2015). "Can The FTC Persuade Michigan & Other States To Open Their Doors To Tesla?". The Car Connection. Archived from the original on July 27, 2021. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  475. ^ Bodisch, Gerald R. (May 2009). "Economic Effects Of State Bans On Direct Manufacturer Sales To Car Buyers". US: Department of Justice. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  476. ^ "EV rivals Tesla, Rivian unite to target direct sales legislation". TechCrunch. March 3, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  477. ^ Lyons, Kim (January 24, 2021). "Tesla sues former employee for allegedly stealing software". The Verge. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  478. ^ Manskar, Noah (January 22, 2021). "Ex-staffer being sued by Tesla denies he stole massive cache of code days after starting work". New York Post. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  479. ^ "Tesla, Inc. v. Khatilov :: California Northern District Court :: Federal Civil Lawsuit No. 4:21-cv-00528-YGR, Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers presiding". plainsite.org. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
  480. ^ "Tesla sues former employees for allegedly stealing data, Autopilot source code". Reuters. March 21, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  481. ^ Cranz, Alex (April 16, 2021). "Tesla settles with ex-engineer accused of stealing Autopilot source code". The Verge. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
  482. ^ "特斯拉起诉千万粉丝博主". Weixin. January 27, 2022. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  483. ^ Ge, Mengyuan (February 7, 2022). "Tesla sues Chinese social media influencer over claims of brake failure". KrASIA. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  484. ^ "积极应诉,坦然面对。以后还有多少人的隐私会被曝光?". Douyin. January 27, 2022. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  485. ^ Kolodny, Lauren Feiner, Lora (May 28, 2020). "Elon Musk earns first performance-based payout from Tesla, worth more than $700 million". CNBC.
  486. ^ O'Kane, Sean (April 1, 2019). "Tesla penalized for violating hazardous waste law at California factory". The Verge. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  487. ^ Niedermeyer, Edward (June 6, 2019). "Tesla in Settlement Proceedings Over 19 Air Quality Violations As Investigation Continues". The Drive. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  488. ^ Niedermeyer, Edward (June 3, 2019). "Tesla Air Quality Compliance Violations Center On Troubled Paint Shop". The Drive. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  489. ^ Niedermeyer, Edward (June 3, 2019). "Documents Show Persistent Air Quality Non-Compliance at Tesla Factory". The Drive. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  490. ^ Robinson, Matt; Faux, Zeke (March 13, 2019). "When Elon Musk Tried to Destroy a Tesla Whistleblower". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  491. ^ Klippenstein, Matthew (July 21, 2019). "Tesla Enters 'Whistleblower Hell'". The Drive. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  492. ^ Szymkowski, Sean. "Tesla wins lawsuit against whistleblower accused of hacks". Roadshow. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  493. ^ "Tesla, Inc. v. Tripp :: Nevada District Court :: Federal Civil Lawsuit No. 3:18-cv-00296-MMD-CLB, Judge Miranda M. Du presiding". plainsite.org. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  494. ^ Lee, Timothy. "After seven roof fires, Walmart sues Tesla over solar panel flaws". Ars Technica. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  495. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (November 5, 2019). "Walmart reaches settlement with Tesla over solar panel fires, drops lawsuit". TechCrunch. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  496. ^ a b Porterfield, Carlie (May 24, 2021). "Tesla Found Guilty Of Throttling Battery Life, Charging Speed in Norway". Forbes.
  497. ^ Hepler, Lauren (November 30, 2018). "Menial Tasks, Slurs and Swastikas: Many Black Workers at Tesla Say They Faced Racism". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  498. ^ "Former Tesla employee who said supervisors called him the N-word awarded $1 million". CBS News. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  499. ^ "Lawsuit calls Tesla factory a hotbed of racism; Tesla calls lawsuit a 'hotbed of misinformation'". Los Angeles Times. November 15, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  500. ^ "Tesla Impact Report 2021" (PDF). Tesla. June 26, 2022. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  501. ^ "Former Tesla workers describe hostile workplace at Buffalo facility". News 4 Buffalo. November 25, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  502. ^ Koren, Marina (June 21, 2020). "Elon Musk's Lesson in How Not to Celebrate Diversity". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  503. ^ Wille, Matt (July 6, 2021). "Tesla Fremont employees allege widespread racism on the factory floor". Input. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  504. ^ Hepler, Lauren (November 30, 2018). "Menial Tasks, Slurs and Swastikas: Many Black Workers at Tesla Say They Faced Racism". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  505. ^ Wiessner, Daniel; Jin, Hyunjoo (February 11, 2022). "California sues Tesla over Black workers' allegations of discrimination". Reuters. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  506. ^ "California Sues Tesla, Alleging Racial Discrimination and Harassment". news.justia.com. February 10, 2022. Retrieved February 11, 2022.
  507. ^ "Ex-Tesla Employee Called Racial Slur Wins Rare $1 Million Award". Bloomberg.com. August 5, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  508. ^ "Black ex-Tesla worker who claimed racial abuse awarded $137M". AP NEWS. October 5, 2021.
  509. ^ "Tesla must face lawsuit claiming racism at California factory". Reuters. December 31, 2019.
  510. ^ "Regarding Today's Jury Verdict". tesla.com. October 4, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  511. ^ Kolodny, Lora (October 5, 2021). "Tesla must pay $137 million to ex-worker over hostile work environment, racism". CNBC. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  512. ^ Stempel, Jonathan; Wiessner, Daniel (April 14, 2022). "Judge finds Tesla liable to Black former worker who alleged bias, but slashes payout". Reuters.
  513. ^ "Former Tesla worker rejects $15M payout in racial abuse lawsuit". TechCrunch. June 21, 2022. Retrieved June 22, 2022.
  514. ^ Paul, Kari (April 3, 2023). "Black former worker awarded $3.2m in Tesla factory racial-harassment suit". The Guardian. ISSN  0261-3077. Retrieved April 28, 2023.
  515. ^ "Tesla Racism Verdict of $137 Million Could Be Cut if Appealed". Time. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  516. ^ a b Siddiqui, Faiz (March 13, 2021). "Hundreds of covid cases reported at Tesla plant following Musk's defiant reopening, county data shows". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  517. ^ Walsh, Joe. "Elon Musk's False Covid Predictions: A Timeline". Forbes. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  518. ^ Marshall, Aarian. "Elon Musk Defies Lockdown Orders and Reopens Tesla's Factory". Wired. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  519. ^ "The dispute over reopening the Tesla factory may be over". Los Angeles Times. May 13, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  520. ^ Boudette, Neal E. (May 8, 2020). "Tesla Tells Workers It Will Reopen California Factory Despite County Order". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  521. ^ "Tesla drops lawsuit against Alameda County after Fremont factory reopens". San Francisco Chronicle. May 21, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  522. ^ Kolodny, Jessica Bursztynsky, Lora (May 20, 2020). "Tesla drops lawsuit against California's Alameda County over coronavirus restrictions". CNBC. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  523. ^ Kolodny, Emma Newburger, Lora (May 10, 2020). "Tesla says it will resume operations. Here is the company's plan to bring employees back to work". CNBC. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  524. ^ Kolodny, Lora (June 12, 2020). "Tesla safety boss tries to calm factory workers, some are concerned about lax coronavirus precautions". CNBC. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  525. ^ Holmes, Aaron. "More Tesla employees say they were fired for staying home over COVID-19 fears even though CEO Elon Musk said they could". Business Insider. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  526. ^ "Tesla worker who criticized coronavirus safety measures receives termination notice". The Mercury News. June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  527. ^ "Coronavirus: Elon Musk's Tesla denies firing employees who stayed home during lockdown". Sky News. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  528. ^ Coleman, Justine (March 14, 2021). "Hundreds of Tesla workers tested positive at reopened plant". The Hill. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  529. ^ a b "Elon Musk Loves China, and China Loves Him Back – for Now". Bloomberg.com. January 13, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  530. ^ "Elon Musk Loves China, and China Loves Him Back – for Now". Bloomberg.com. January 13, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  531. ^ "Elon Musk loves China, and China loves him back – for now". Curio. Retrieved February 26, 2022.
  532. ^ Jones, Chuck. "Tesla's Musk Is Overpromising Again On Self-Driving Cars". Forbes. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  533. ^ DeBord, Matthew. "This is why Tesla always overpromises and underdelivers". Business Insider. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  534. ^ Dugan, Susan Pulliam, Mike Ramsey and Ianthe Jeanne (August 15, 2016). "Elon Musk Sets Ambitious Goals at Tesla – and Often Falls Short". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN  0099-9660. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  535. ^ Holley, Peter (October 2, 2017). "'We understand what needs to be fixed,' Tesla says after missing Model 3 production goals". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  536. ^ Holley, Peter (November 3, 2017). "Analysis – Sleepless nights, broken robots and mounting pressure: Musk offers rare glimpse inside Tesla's 'production hell'". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  537. ^ Mitchell, Russ. "Tesla Model 3 delivery delayed again". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  538. ^ Lavrinc, Damon (December 17, 2014). "What Will Tesla And Elon Musk Over Promise Next?". Jalopnik.
  539. ^ Stahl, Lesley (December 9, 2018). "Tesla CEO Elon Musk: The 60 Minutes Interview". CBS News. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  540. ^ "Scathing audit of high-tech projects slams ESD for lack of due diligence on Tesla at RiverBend". News 4 Buffalo. August 21, 2020. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  541. ^ Heaney, Jim (August 24, 2020). "Buffalo Billion audit: shock and ugh". Investigative Post. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  542. ^ Hogan, Bernadette; Hicks, Nolan (August 21, 2020). "More 'Buffalo Billion' woes as audit finds Cuomo boondoggle a waste of tax money". New York Post. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  543. ^ "Does Tesla actually want competitors to make electric cars?". Marketplace. August 27, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  544. ^ "The Tesla Skeptics Who Bet Against Elon Musk". Bloomberg.com. January 22, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  545. ^ "Electric Burn: Those Who Bet Against Elon Musk And Tesla Are Paying A Big Price". NPR.org. January 16, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  546. ^ Isidore, Chris (January 6, 2021). "Tesla short sellers lost $40 billion in 2020. Elon Musk made more than triple that". CNN. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  547. ^ "'Big Short' investor Burry says he's no longer betting against Tesla – CNBC". Reuters. October 15, 2021. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  548. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (June 10, 2016). "Tesla's real problem isn't that its cars are expensive. It's that they're unreliable". Vox. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  549. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (April 20, 2017). "Tesla is recalling most of the cars it sold in 2016". Vox. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  550. ^ Wang, Christine (March 29, 2018). "Tesla voluntarily recalls 123,000 Model S cars over faulty steering component". CNBC. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  551. ^ Kolodny, Lora (October 23, 2020). "Tesla recalls nearly 50,000 Model S and X cars in China over faulty suspension". CNBC. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  552. ^ Taylor, Thom (August 1, 2020). "This Is Bad: "Whompy Wheel" Syndrome Causing Teslas To Crash". MotorBiscuit. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  553. ^ Lopez, Linette. "'Aladdin' star says a defect in his Tesla Model 3 led to his car wreck, and it comes from a problem area the company has known about for years". Business Insider. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  554. ^ "Tesla agrees to recall 135,000 vehicles over touch screen failures after sparring with regulators". The Washington Post. February 2, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  555. ^ Ewing, Steven. "Tesla asked to recall Model S, Model X over touchscreen failures". Roadshow. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  556. ^ "Tesla recalls 158,000 Model S and Model X vehicles – report". CarAdvice. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  557. ^ Quandt, Jeffrey (August 14, 2020). "Confidential Business Information: Re: PE20-010 – Response to Information Request (First Submission)" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  558. ^ "Tesla must recall 12,300 Model X cars over faulty moulding – KBA". Reuters. February 12, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  559. ^ Krok, Andrew. "Tesla told to recall 12,300 Model X SUVs over trim adhesive". Roadshow. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  560. ^ Bursztynsky, Jessica (June 2, 2021). "Tesla recalls 6,000 cars over risk of loose bolts". CNBC. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  561. ^ "Tesla to recall 475,000 cars in the US". BBC. December 30, 2021.
  562. ^ Levy, Ari (December 24, 2021). "Tesla locks access to video games in main display while car is in motion". CNBC. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  563. ^ Shepardson, David (September 22, 2022). "Tesla recalls nearly 1.1 million U.S. vehicles to update window reversing software". Reuters. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  564. ^ a b Root, Al (September 22, 2022). "Tesla Recalls Another Million-Plus EVs. Elon Musk Goes After the Safety Patrol". Barrons. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  565. ^ Isidore, Chris (February 16, 2023). "Tesla recalling nearly 363,000 vehicles equipped with 'Full Self-Driving' | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved March 7, 2023.
  566. ^ Boudette, Neal E. (February 16, 2023). "Tesla to Recall 362,000 Cars With Its 'Full Self Driving' System". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved March 7, 2023.
  567. ^ Mendoza, Jordan. "Tesla recalls thousands of Model Y vehicles over loose bolts in seat back frames". USA TODAY. Retrieved March 7, 2023.
  568. ^ "The Detroit News". detroitnews.com. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  569. ^ Jensen, Christopher (October 2, 2013). "Tesla Says Car Fire Started in Battery". The New York Times.
  570. ^ Voelcker, John (November 19, 2013). "Tesla Fires: NHTSA Will Probe, Warranty To Cover Fire Damage, Ride-Height Tweak". Green Car Reports.
  571. ^ Ivory, Danielle (March 28, 2014). "Federal Safety Agency Ends Its Investigation of Tesla Fires". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
  572. ^ George, Patrick (March 28, 2014). "The Tesla Model S: Now With Road Debris-Crushing Titanium!". Jalopnik.
  573. ^ Siddiqui, Faiz; Duncan, Ian (November 1, 2019). "Federal safety officials probe alleged Tesla battery defects". The Washington Post.
  574. ^ Lopez, Linette (June 24, 2020). "Tesla knew its Model S battery had a design flaw that could lead to leaks and, ultimately, fires starting in 2012. It sold the car anyway". Business Insider.
  575. ^ Blanco, Sebastian (November 1, 2019). "NHTSA, Investigating Tesla Fire Reports, Demands Data on Battery Software Changes". Car and Driver.
  576. ^ Vlasic, Bill; Boudette, Neal E. (June 30, 2016). "Self-Driving Tesla Was Involved in Fatal Crash, U.S. Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016.
  577. ^ "Preliminary Report, Highway HWY16FH018". NTSB. July 26, 2016.
  578. ^ Steware, Jack (January 20, 2017). "After Probing Tesla's Deadly Crash, Feds Say Yay to Self-Driving". Wired.
  579. ^ "Apple engineer killed in Tesla SUV crash on Silicon Valley freeway was playing videogame: NTSB". MarketWatch. February 25, 2020.
  580. ^ "PlainSite :: Documents :: NHTSA Special Crash Investigations ADAS / ADS Case Spreadsheet". plainsite.org. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  581. ^ "U.S. safety agency probes 10 Tesla crash deaths since 2016". Reuters. June 17, 2021. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  582. ^ a b Kolodny, Lora (September 1, 2021). "Tesla must deliver Autopilot crash data to federal auto safety watchdog by October 22". CNBC. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  583. ^ White, Annie (September 2, 2021). "Tesla Must Send Autopilot Data to Feds by October 22". Car and Driver. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  584. ^ Mitchell, Russ (September 2, 2021). "'A very big deal': Federal safety regulator takes aim at Tesla Autopilot". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
  585. ^ Holderith, Peter (September 27, 2021). "Tesla Autopilot Will Now Recognize Emergency Lights, Reduce Speed: Report". The Drive. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  586. ^ Shepardson, David (October 13, 2021). "U.S. asks Tesla why it did not recall Autopilot after software changes". Reuters. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  587. ^ Hetzner, Christiaan (June 12, 2022). "Elon Musk's regulatory woes mount as U.S. moves closer to recalling Tesla's self-driving software". Fortune. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  588. ^ Helmore, Edward (August 9, 2022). "Tesla's self-driving technology fails to detect children in the road, tests find". The Guardian.
  589. ^ Stumpf, Rob (August 12, 2022). "Controversy Erupts Over Video of FSD Tesla Striking Child Mannequin". The Drive. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  590. ^ "Don't Use Your Kids to Test Tesla's Safety Features, NHTSA Warns". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg L.P. August 17, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  591. ^ Masunaga, Samantha (August 6, 2015). "Researchers hack a Tesla Model S, bring car to stop". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  592. ^ Mahaffey, Kevin (August 6, 2015). "The new assembly line: 3 best practices for building (secure) connected cars". Lookout. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
  593. ^ O'Connor, Fred (August 7, 2015). "Tesla patches Model S after researchers hack car's software". Wired. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  594. ^ "Car Hacking Research: Remote Attack Tesla Motors". Retrieved September 21, 2016.
  595. ^ Lambert, Fred (September 20, 2016). "First Tesla Model S remotely controlled by hackers, Tesla already pushed a fix". Electrek. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
  596. ^ "This Tesla Investor's Tech Team Just Hacked the Model X – Again". Fortune. July 28, 2017. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  597. ^ Hackett, Robert (February 20, 2018). "Tesla Hackers Hijacked Amazon Cloud Account to Mine Cryptocurrency". Fortune. Archived from the original on December 10, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  598. ^ Lambert, Fred (February 20, 2018). "Tesla's cloud was 'hijacked' by hackers to mine cryptocurrencies". electrek.co. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  599. ^ Villaruel, John Carlo A. (March 24, 2019). "Hackers Who Cracked Tesla Model 3 Security in Competition Win Electric Car And $375K". Tech Times.
  600. ^ Goodin, Dan (June 8, 2022). "Gone in 130 seconds: New Tesla hack gives thieves their own personal key". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  601. ^ "Tesla drivers report a surge in 'phantom braking'". The Washington Post. ISSN  0190-8286. Retrieved September 9, 2022.
  602. ^ "Tesla investigated over 'phantom braking' problem". BBC News. February 18, 2022.
  603. ^ Pontes, José (February 8, 2023). "Tesla #1 in World BEV Sales by Big Margin — 2022 World EV Sales Report". CleanTechnica. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  604. ^ Kane, Mark (March 5, 2023). "Tesla Celebrates 4 Millionth Vehicle Produced". InsideEVs. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  605. ^ Lambert, Fred (March 9, 2020). "Tesla produces its 1 millionth electric car". Electrek. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  606. ^ Kane, Mark (October 21, 2021). "Tesla Sold 2 Million Electric Cars: First Automaker To Reach Milestone". InsideEVs. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  607. ^ Weatherbed, Jess (May 26, 2023). "The Tesla Model Y is now the world's bestselling car". The Verge. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  608. ^ "Tesla Carbon Credit Sales Jump by 116%". CarbonCredits.com.
  609. ^ Jackson, Jon (February 8, 2021). "Elon Musk's Bitcoin investment supports energy waste, some critics say". Newsweek. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  610. ^ Shieber, Jonathan (February 8, 2021). "Tesla's Bitcoin investment could be bad for the company's climate reputation and its bottom line". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  611. ^ Dean, James. "Tesla made more profit from bitcoin in a month than from selling cars last year". The Times. ISSN  0140-0460. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  612. ^ "Tesla May Have Already Made More in Profits From Bitcoin Than Electric Vehicles". Yahoo! Finance. February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  613. ^ O'Kane, Sean (July 26, 2021). "Tesla finally made a profit without the help of emission credits". The Verge. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  614. ^ "2006: San Carlos start-up Tesla seeks sexier electric car". July 14, 2014.
  615. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Tesla, Inc. TSLA on Nasdaq". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  616. ^ "History of Tesla: Timeline and Facts". TheStreet. February 4, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2023.
  617. ^ "Tesla Motors Zaps Another C.E.O. and Lays Off Staff". The New York Times. October 15, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2023.
  618. ^ a b "Tesla Inc. Company Profile & Executives". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  619. ^ "Elon Musk's Job Duties Keep Growing: Here's a List of His Board Positions Over the Years". The Wall Street Journal. April 5, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2023.
  620. ^ a b "Tesla Seeks Independent Directors as Board's Musk Ties Eyed". Bloomberg.com. April 11, 2017. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  621. ^ a b c "Elon Musk spars with investors who want independent Tesla board". USA Today. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  622. ^ a b c Rapier, Graham. "Tesla has named two new board members – here's the full list of company directors". Business Insider. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  623. ^ Waters, Richard (April 12, 2017). "Tesla investors seek stronger boardroom controls". Financial Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  624. ^ "Musk Promises 2 New Directors for Tesla Amid Shareholder Criticism". Fox Business. April 12, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  625. ^ Rai, Sonam; Klayman, Ben (December 28, 2018). "Tesla names close Musk friend Larry Ellison to board". Reuters. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  626. ^ Ponciano, Jonathan (June 10, 2022). "Tesla Files For Another Stock Split—Reveals Billionaire Larry Ellison To Leave Board". Forbes. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  627. ^ a b c d Hull, Dana; O'Kane, Sean (May 16, 2023). "Tesla Investors Elect Former Executive JB Straubel to Board". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on May 16, 2023.
  628. ^ Hartmans, Avery. "Tesla's biggest investor says the company's chairwoman gives Elon Musk 'emotional' support so he can focus on leading the company". Business Insider. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  629. ^ a b Holland, Maximilian (November 8, 2018). "More Background On New Tesla Chair Robyn Denholm". CleanTechnica. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  630. ^ a b c d Wesoff, Eric (April 22, 2019). "Tesla Announces Departure of 4 Board Members Ahead of a Really Big Week". Greentech Media. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  631. ^ Yoshida, Kaori (December 31, 2020). "Tesla director Hiro Mizuno picked as UN sustainable investment envoy". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  632. ^ "Tesla Changes Up Board With Nomination of Former Tech Chief". Bloomberg.com. April 6, 2023. Retrieved April 29, 2023.
  633. ^ "TSLA | Tesla Inc. Company Profile & Executives – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 16, 2023.
  634. ^ Kolodny, Lora (November 8, 2018). "Robyn Denholm replaces Elon Musk as Tesla's board chair". CNBC. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  635. ^ "Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): October 7, 2021". sec.gov. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  636. ^ "Elon Musk is sticking with SpaceX board member Steve Jurvetson, shows new SEC filing". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  637. ^ Ohnsman, Alan. "Elon's Enablers: Tesla's Submissive Board May Be As Big A Risk As An Erratic CEO". Forbes. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  638. ^ Nishant, Niket; Sriram, Akash (September 28, 2022). "Tesla adds billionaire Airbnb co-founder Gebbia to board". Reuters.
  639. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (September 28, 2022). "Tesla appoints Airbnb co-founder to board". TechCrunch.
  640. ^ Jin, Hyunjoo (April 27, 2023). "Glass Lewis recommends vote against Tesla board nominee JB Straubel". Reuters.

Further reading

External links