Squaw Valley Ski Resort
|Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows|
Placer County, California
|Nearest major city||
Latitude and Longitude:
|Vertical||2,850 ft (870 m)|
|Top elevation||9,050 ft (2,760 m)|
|Base elevation||6,200 ft (1,890 m)|
|Skiable area||4,000 acres (16.2 km2)|
35% more difficult
50% most difficult
|Longest run||3.2 miles (5.1 km)|
|Lift capacity||58,000 per hour|
|Snowfall||450 in (1,140 cm)|
Squaw Valley Ski Resort, then known as Squaw Valley, was the host site for the 1960 Winter Olympics.  Located in Olympic Valley, California, Squaw Valley Ski Resort covers 3,600 acres (15 km2) employing 30 chairlifts and the only funitel in the United States. It is the second-largest skiing complex in the Lake Tahoe area after Heavenly Mountain Resort 
Located northwest of Tahoe City in the Sierra Nevada with a base of 6,200 ft (1,890 m) and a skiable 3,600 acres (15 km2) across six peaks, the resort tops out at 9,010 ft (2,750 m) at Granite Chief.   The resort averages 450 inches of snowfall every winter.  The Squaw Valley Aerial Tramway rises 2,000 ft (610 m) to an elevation of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) above sea level. The resort is also home to several annual summer events.
Former University of Nevada star skier, Wayne Poulsen, purchased the first 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of Squaw Valley Ski Resort from the Southern Pacific Railroad.  Poulsen already had a history in the area: in 1931, he had placed third at an Olympic trials at Granlibakken in Tahoe City.  Shortly after, Poulsen met Harvard alumnus and trained lawyer Alex Cushing, who brought capital, political connections, and increased access to the project.  Cushing had fallen in love with Lake Tahoe after a visit to the Sierra Nevada in 1946.  After a disagreement over the resort's future, Cushing gained control of the project and became the chairman of Squaw Valley Ski Corporation. The resort opened in 1949, and Cushing remained its chairman until his death. 
Cushing modeled the resort after European ski destinations by locating a swimming pool, ice rink, roller disco, and restaurants on the mountain instead of at the base. His designs also brought advanced lift technology to the U.S. for the first time.  When Squaw Valley opened, its Squaw One lift was deemed the longest double chairlift in the world. 
Squaw Valley's success can be largely attributed to the visibility that came from hosting the 1960 Winter Olympics, a direct result of Cushing's effort and determination. During the planning stages of the 1960 Olympics, Innsbruck, Austria, was the leading choice for the Olympic site. In 1955, however, Cushing secured the bid after winning over the International Olympic Committee in Paris with a scale model of his planned Olympic site. The Winter Olympics in 1960 were the first to be televised live, making the games accessible to millions of viewers in real-time. The event signaled the rise of U.S. skiing to the level of world-famous European skiing, and Squaw Valley's preparedness for the games showed the international community that U.S. ski resorts offered world-class facilities. 
Squaw Valley hosted World Cup races in 1969 with four technical events: slalom and giant slalom for both men and women.[ citation needed] American Billy Kidd won the men's slalom, followed by U.S. teammates Rick Chaffee (4th) and Spider Sabich (10th)  of Kyburz. The 1969 season saw a record snowpack at Squaw Valley;  and over eight feet (2.4 m) of new snow cancelled the downhills.   After an absence of 48 years, women's technical races returned in 2017 and overall leader Mikaela Shiffrin of Colorado won both events.
In 1971, following several years of financial losses, the state announced they would seek bids to buy Squaw Valley. After a failed bid by John Fell Stevenson, Dick Baker and his Australian company Mainline Corporation successfully bid $25 million plus 1,500 acres from the Poulsens. In August 1974 the Australian company Mainline Corporation collapsed and Squaw Valley was again back on the market for sale. 
In 1978, Squaw Valley experienced one of the worst cable car accidents in history. On a stormy afternoon late in the season on Saturday, 15 April,   the tram came off of one of its cables, dropped 75 feet (23 m) and then bounced back up, colliding with a cable which sheared through the car; four were killed and 31 injured.   
Squaw Valley was purchased by private equity group KSL Capital Partners in November 2010.  In September 2011, Alpine Meadows Ski Resort and Squaw Valley Ski Resort announced their intention to merge ownership. The merger united the two popular ski destinations under common management by Squaw's Valley's parent company, KSL Capital Partners, LLC. A year later, Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows Ski Resort merged under the new umbrella leadership of Squaw Valley Ski Holdings, LLC. The new company operates as one, with joint lift tickets and single season passes for visitors and free shuttles between its locations, but preserves the individuality of the two resorts.  In 2017, KSL Capital, in partnership with Aspen/Snowmass (Henry Crown and Company), formed Alterra Mountain Company, which then became the primary owner of Squaw Valley.
In 1960, during the VIIIth Winter Olympic Games, Squaw Valley was designated as California Historical Landmark Number 724. A marker was placed identifying Squaw Valley as a Pioneer Ski Area of America. The marker's plaque commemorated 100 years of organized skiing in "mining towns in the Sierra Nevada, particularly Whiskey Diggs, Poker Flat, Port Wine, Onion Valley, La Porte, and Johnsville". 
Terrain aspect 
- North: 50%
- East: 40%
- West: 2%
- South: 8%
Annual snowfall at Squaw Valley can surpass 500 inches. 
Squaw Valley Ski Holdings, LLC seeks to connect the Alpine Meadows (ski resort) with a "Base-to-Base" gondola.    Resort owners need permission from local land managers, including Placer County and the Tahoe National Forest who are currently studying the proposed project's environmental impacts.  A number of conservation organizations, including Sierra Watch and the Sierra Club, consider the proposed gondola a threat to Granite Chief Wilderness.   In July 2019 Sierra Watch and Granite Chief Wilderness Protection League filed a lawsuit with Squaw Valley challenging Placer County's approval of the gondola project. In January 2020 the United States Forest Service issued its Record of Decision approving a route crossing federal lands.  In February 2020, the litigants dropped the suit in exchange for Squaw Valley's commitment to implement measures to mitigate the impact towards the Sierra Sierra Nevada yellow-legged frog (an endangered species).  The approved gondola is planned to cross the private ski area, White Wolf Mountain, which is owned by Troy Caldwell. Caldwell supports the gondola. 
Separate from the approved Squaw Alpine proposed gondola, Squaw Alpine has also proposed a large development in the existing Squaw Valley parking lot area. In 2016, Squaw Valley Ski Holdings submitted a final application for entitlements for its proposed Village at Squaw Valley Specific Plan, a $1billion plan that prompted the Attorney General of California to write a letter of concern to Placer County.  The plan would include 850 hotel and condominium units  and a 96-foot-tall "Mountain Adventure Camp"  featuring a year-round indoor waterpark.  According to the environmental review for the project, new development is projected to add 3,300 new car trips to local roads on peak days, and the project would have twenty "significant but unavoidable" impacts". 
In November 2016, the Placer County Board of Supervisors approved KSL's controversial development proposal   in spite of opposition from local conservation organizations, including Sierra Watch.  Sierra Watch filed suit to overturn those approvals for violating the California Environmental Quality Act in December 2016. 
In 2017, resort owners added a roller coaster to their development proposal. 
In mid-2020, the owners of Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows acknowledged the controversial nature of the term. Company spokesperson Christine Horvath stated that the business was creating a plan to review the use of the term “squaw” and invite regional tribal leaders to provide guidance.   
On August 25, 2020, in response to long-running complaints from the Washoe Tribe of Nevada, Ron Cohen, President and COO of Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows, issued a statement which included the following apology:
While we love our local history and the memories we all associate with this place as it has been named for so long, we are confronted with the overwhelming evidence that the term ‘squaw’ is considered offensive.
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- Gondola | Squaw Alpine
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- Environmental Impact Statement, Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows Base to Base Gondola Project
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- USDA Record of Decision 2020
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- Id. at pg. B-22, Development Standards and Guidelines, Placer County
- Id at pg. 3–13, The Village at Squaw Valley Specific Plan, Placer County
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- Action – Sierra Watch
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- Scacco, Justin (3 July 2020). "'It's just time': Washoe Tribe rep weighs in on use of 'squaw'". Tahoe Daily Tribune. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
Media related to Squaw Valley at Wikimedia Commons