San_Clemente,_California Latitude and Longitude:

33°26′16″N 117°37′13″W / 33.43778°N 117.62028°W / 33.43778; -117.62028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

San Clemente, California
Top: view of San Clemente Pier; middle: Historic City Hall (left), Casa Romantica (right); bottom: San Clemente State Beach (left) and Hotel San Clemente (right).
Flag of San Clemente, California
Official seal of San Clemente, California
Location of San Clemente within Orange County, California
Location of San Clemente within Orange County, California
San Clemente is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
San Clemente
San Clemente
San Clemente is located in California
San Clemente
San Clemente
Location in the state of California
San Clemente is located in the United States
San Clemente
San Clemente
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°26′16″N 117°37′13″W / 33.43778°N 117.62028°W / 33.43778; -117.62028
CountryUnited States
State California
County Orange
IncorporatedFebruary 28, 1928 [1]
Named for Saint Clement
Government
 •  MayorVictor Cabral [2]
 •  City CouncilChris Duncan
Mark Enmeier
Rick Loeffler
 •  City ManagerAndy Hall
 • Assistant City ManagerVacant
Area
 • Total19.11 sq mi (49.48 km2)
 • Land18.36 sq mi (47.54 km2)
 • Water0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)  3.89%
Elevation233 ft (71 m)
Population
 ( 2020) [5]
 • Total64,293
 • Density3,400/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 ( Pacific)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-7 ( PDT)
ZIP codes
92672–92674
Area code 949
FIPS code 06-65084
GNIS feature IDs 1661376, 2411781
Website www.san-clemente.org

San Clemente ( /ˌsæn kləˈmɛnti/; Spanish for " St. Clement" [6] Spanish: [saŋ kleˈmente] [7]) is a city in Orange County, California, United States. Located in the Orange Coast region of the South Coast of California, San Clemente's population was 64,293 in at the 2020 census. [5] Situated roughly midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, San Clemente is a popular tourist destination in Southern California, known for its beaches, Spanish Colonial Revival architecture, and hospitality industry. San Clemente's city slogan is "Spanish Village by the Sea". [8]

History

Indigenous

The Acjachemen are the Indigenous people of San Clemente. [9] Panhe was located about three miles (4.8 km) south of San Clemente, [10] and has been historically documented to be over 9,600 years old. [11] It remains an important site for the Acjachemen. [11]

Spanish era

Spanish explorer Sebastián Vizcaíno named San Clemente Island in 1602. The city was named after the island in 1925.

In 1776, Father Junípero Serra founded Mission San Juan Capistrano, and afterward the local indigenous people were dubbed " Juaneños" in Spanish. Both Native Americans and Spanish settlers established villages near the mission, and local indigenous people were conscripted to work for the mission.

Mexican and Post-Conquest eras

San Clemente was included as part of Rancho Boca de la Playa, granted in 1846 by Governor Pío Pico to Emigdio Véjar. Following the American conquest of California, California came under United States sovereignty in 1848. In 1860, Véjar sold the rancho to Juan Ávila, grantee of Rancho Niguel, who later conveyed it to his son-in-law, Pablo Pryor. [12]

American era

Property rights to the land exchanged hands several times, but few ventured to build on it until 1925, when former Mayor of Seattle, Ole Hanson, an out-of-town major land developer, purchased and designed a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) community with the financial help of a syndicate headed by Hamilton Cotton. Hanson anticipated that Californians weary of "the big city" would find refuge in the region's agreeable climate, stunning beaches, and rich land. He named the city after San Clemente Island, which in turn was named by the explorer Sebastián Vizcaino in 1602 after Saint Clement. Hanson envisioned it as a Mediterranean-style coastal resort town, his "San Clemente by the Sea." He had a clause added to the deeds requiring all building plans to be submitted to an architectural review board in an effort to ensure future development would retain red tile roofs and white exteriors. This proved to be short-lived; an eclectic mix of building styles is found in the oldest parts of town.

Casa Romantica, built in a Spanish Colonial Revival style in 1927 for Ole Hanson, founder of San Clemente.

Hanson succeeded in promoting the new area and selling property. He built public structures such as the Beach Club, the community center, the pier and San Clemente Plaza, now known as Max Berg Plaza Park. The area was officially incorporated as a city on February 27, 1928, with a council-manager government. Referring to the way he would develop the city, Hanson proclaimed, "I have a clean canvas and I am determined to paint a clean picture. Think of it – a canvas five miles long and one and one-half miles wide!... My San Clemente by the Sea." Soon after San Clemente was incorporated, the need for a fire station was realized. The headlines in San Clemente's first newspaper, El Heraldo de San Clemente June 1928 read: "Building to house local fire department will be constructed by popular subscription and turned over to the city when completed!" Individual subscriptions were received in the amounts from $6.00 to $1,500.00 from the citizenry.

One of the most iconic landmarks in San Clemente is the San Clemente Pier, first constructed in 1928 and rebuilt in 1939 and 1983.

When Ole Hanson came to San Clemente and decided to develop the city he moved into his epitome of the perfect house which was called Casa Romantica. Hansen owned Casa Romantica up until the Great Depression hit and the Bank of America foreclosed on the property.

President Richard Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon at La Casa Pacifica, their Western White House, in 1973.

In 1969, President Richard Nixon bought part of the H. H. Cotton estate, one of the original homes built by one of Hanson's partners. Nixon called it " La Casa Pacifica" and it was nicknamed the "Western White House," a term for a President's vacation home. It sits above one of the West Coast's premier surfing spots, Trestles, and just north of historic surfing beach San Onofre. Many world leaders visited the home during Nixon's tenure, including Soviet general secretary Leonid Brezhnev, Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Prime Minister of Japan Eisaku Satō, Henry Kissinger, and businessman Bebe Rebozo. After his resignation, Nixon retired to San Clemente to write his memoirs. He sold the home in 1980 and moved to New York City. The property also has historical ties to the Democratic side of the aisle; prior to Nixon's tenure at the estate, H. H. Cotton was known to host Franklin D. Roosevelt, who would visit to play cards in a small outbuilding overlooking the Pacific Ocean.

In 1994, the Clarence Lobo Elementary School, named after Clarence H. Lobo, chief of the Acjachemen people from 1946 to 1985, was opened in San Clemente as part of the Capistrano Unified School District. The opening of the school was notable as the first school in California to be named after an Indigenous leader. [13]

The historic "North Beach" area is home to the Miramar Theatre, the Casino Building, and Ole Hanson Beach Club, the latter two of which were renovated in 2010 and 2016.

Geography

Calafia Cliffs at Calafia State Beach.

San Clemente is bordered by Camp Pendleton and Trestles surf beach in neighboring San Diego County to the south, the Cleveland National Forest to the east, the city of Dana Point to the northwest, the city of San Juan Capistrano to the north, and the CDP Rancho Mission Viejo to the northeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 19.5 square miles (51 km2). 18.7 square miles (48 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (3.89%) is water.

Climate

San Clemente has a Mediterranean climate where temperatures tend to average in the 70s °F (20s °C). The warmest month of the year is August, with an average high temperature of 79 °F (26 °C). The coldest month is December with an average high temperature of 64 °F (18 °C). The annual rainfall in 2010 was 10.5 inches (270 mm) and the annual days of sunshine 310.

Climate data for San Clemente, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
90
(32)
92
(33)
98
(37)
99
(37)
102
(39)
106
(41)
103
(39)
108
(42)
105
(41)
100
(38)
90
(32)
108
(42)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 66
(19)
66
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
70
(21)
73
(23)
77
(25)
78
(26)
78
(26)
75
(24)
70
(21)
67
(19)
71
(22)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 45
(7)
46
(8)
48
(9)
50
(10)
55
(13)
58
(14)
62
(17)
62
(17)
61
(16)
56
(13)
48
(9)
44
(7)
53
(12)
Record low °F (°C) 22
(−6)
28
(−2)
33
(1)
33
(1)
38
(3)
43
(6)
44
(7)
47
(8)
43
(6)
37
(3)
29
(−2)
27
(−3)
22
(−6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.73
(69)
2.70
(69)
2.36
(60)
0.80
(20)
0.24
(6.1)
0.10
(2.5)
0.03
(0.76)
0.12
(3.0)
0.31
(7.9)
0.39
(9.9)
1.11
(28)
1.65
(42)
12.54
(318.16)
Source: [14]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.Note
1930667
1940479−28.2%
19502,008319.2%
19608,527324.7%
197017,063100.1%
198027,32560.1%
199041,10050.4%
200049,93621.5%
201063,52227.2%
202064,2931.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [15] [16] \

2020

The 2020 United States Census reported a population of 64,293. The racial makeup was 71.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.6% non-Hispanic African American, 3.9% non-Hispanic Asian, 5.0% non-Hispanic Multiracial and 18.2% Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city is one of six coastal cities in Orange County (San Clemente, Dana Point, Laguna Beach, Newport Beach, Huntington Beach, Seal Beach) all of which have non-Hispanic white majority populations despite belonging to a county that has been majority-minority since the 2010 census.

San Clemente city, California – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000 [17] Pop 2010 [18] Pop 2020 [19] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 39,155 48,254 45,889 78.41% 75.96% 71.37%
Black or African American alone (NH) 320 349 382 0.64% 0.55% 0.59%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 167 193 180 0.33% 0.30% 0.28%
Asian alone (NH) 1,293 2,269 2,513 2.59% 3.57% 3.91%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 62 78 88 0.12% 0.12% 0.14%
Other race alone (NH) 58 89 353 0.12% 0.14% 0.55%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 948 1,588 3,209 1.90% 2.50% 4.99%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 7,933 10,702 11,679 15.89% 16.85% 18.17%
Total 49,936 63,522 64,293 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

2010

San Clemente Pier.

The 2010 United States Census [20] reported San Clemente had a population of 63,522. The population density was 3,262.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,259.8/km2). The racial makeup of San Clemente was 54,605 (86.0%) White (76.0% Non-Hispanic White), [21] 411 (0.6%) African American, 363 (0.6%) Native American, 2,333 (3.7%) Asian, 90 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 3,433 (5.4%) from other races, and 2,287 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10,702 persons (16.8%).

The Census reported 63,249 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 245 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 28 (0.04%) were institutionalized.

There were 23,906 households, out of which 8,210 (34.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,873 (58.0%) were marriage living together, 1,898 (7.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 986 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,207 (5.0%) unmarried partnerships, 5,184 households (21.7%) were made up of individuals, and 1,972 (8.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65. There were 16,757 families (70.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.

Casa Romantica Cultural Center and Gardens, built in 1927.

The population was spread out, with 15,506 people (24.4%) under the age of 18, 5,006 people (7.9%) aged 18 to 24, 16,474 people (25.9%) aged 25 to 44, 18,122 people (28.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,414 people (13.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

There were 25,966 housing units at an average density of 1,333.8 per square mile (515.0/km2), of which 15,309 (64.0%) were owner-occupied, and 8,597 (36.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 41,164 people (64.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 22,085 people (34.8%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, San Clemente had a median household income of $87,184, with 7.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [21]

2000

La Casa Pacifica, built in 1926, served as the Western White House during the presidency of Richard Nixon.

The Federal census statistics from the 2000 census reported San Clemente had a population of 49,936. Population density was 2,833.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,094.2/km2). There were 20,653 housing units at an average density of 1,171.8 per square mile (452.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.92% White, 0.77% African American, 0.61% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 5.11% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.89% of the population.

As of the city's 2010 census, there were 68,763 people and 25,514 housing units in the city. Ninety percent of the adult population is a high school grad or higher, and 5.5% of the population are considered below the poverty line.

As of 2017, the median household income was $101,843. [22] The per capita income for the city as of 2017 was $54,133. [23] As of March 2010, the median home value was $605,500. [24]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.

Economy

Downtown San Clemente.

The following companies have their corporate headquarters in San Clemente:

Tourism

San Clemente is known for its Spanish Colonial Revival architecture.

San Clemente is a popular tourist destination, owing to its beaches, historic architecture, and attractions. San Clemente Pier is a popular attraction which connects to the San Clemente Beach trail which extends 2.6 miles (4.2 km) along the coast between North Beach and Calafia State Beach. [25] The San Clemente Beach trail is a popular place for locals to walk or run.

Casa Romantica is one of the most historic places in San Clemente. Casa Romantica is owned by the city and is used as a cultural center. It is also open to rent for private events like weddings. Casa Romantica is located above the San Clemente Pier station and overlooks the San Clemente coastline.

San Clemente Pier.

Known as the “Spanish Village by the Sea”, San Clemente has long been known for its Spanish Colonial Revival style architecture. Downtown San Clemente restaurants and shops are adorned with red tile roofs, cream stucco walls, and dark wood doors and windows. The homes in the area range in style, but stick to the Spanish theme for the most part. The area's oldest homes are in Southwest San Clemente, directly south of downtown and "North Beach" area, directly north of downtown. The homes in the Southwest Riviera neighborhood include several new constructions in the Cape Cod style, as well as new modern residences. More traditional, older homes sit in the Lasuen "boot" district; the neighborhood surrounding Lasuens or "Lost Winds" beach is characterized by a variety of styles in both single and double story fashion, with Hansons's traditional Spanish style sprinkled throughout, crafting an eclectic atmosphere. The renovations to historic buildings in North Beach have sparked a revival in the area, attracting new residents and business owners.

Largest employers

The Outlets at San Clemente.

Many people work as civilian employees at the USMC Base Camp Pendelton which is just over the San Diego County line.

According to the city's 2022 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [26] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Capistrano Unified School District 635
2 Ralphs 239
3 Target 226
4 ICU Medical 224
5 Albertsons 209
6 Walmart 195
7 City of San Clemente 192
8 Glaukos Corp. 181
9 Fisherman's Restaurants 172
10 Lowe's 160

Sports

San Clemente Beach Club, b. 1928

San Clemente is known for its many surfing locations, which include Trestles, Lowers, Middles & Uppers, Cotton's Point, Calafia Beach Park, Riviera, Lasuens (most often called Lost Winds), The Hole, T-Street, The Pier, Linda Lane, 204, North Beach and Poche Beach. It is also home to Surfing Magazine, The Surfer's Journal, and Longboard Magazine.

The city has a large concentration of surfboard shapers and manufacturers. Additionally, numerous world-renowned surfers were raised in San Clemente or took up long-term residence in town, including Kolohe Andino, Shane Beschen, Mike Parsons (originally from Laguna Beach).

San Clemente High School has won 6 out of 7 most recent NSSA national surfing titles.

Education

San Clemente State Beach.

The city is served by Capistrano Unified School District.

Within the city, there are six elementary schools, three middle schools, and one high school. There is also one virtual public K-12 school: Capistrano Connections Academy with flexible hours for students. The elementary schools are: Truman Benedict, Concordia Elementary, Vista Del Mar, Las Palmas, Marblehead Elementary, and Lobo Elementary. The middle schools are Bernice Ayer, Shorecliffs, and Vista Del Mar.

Las Palmas Elementary is well known for its dual immersion program.

San Clemente High School has an IB ( International Baccalaureate) Program and a large number of AP ( advanced placement) courses. Students at San Clemente High School have received academic accolades and hosted groups ranging from national title winning dance teams to award-winning orchestras, bands, voice groups and one of the nation's most skilled athletic programs; these groups have also received opportunities to perform at various venues including Carnegie Hall (madrigals and orchestra), various venues in Hawaii (marching band), and many others. After the extension of Avenida La Pata opened in 2016, some students have attended the neighboring San Juan Hills High School.

The nearest public college is Saddleback College in Mission Viejo.

Government and politics

Historic City Hall, built in 1929.

In the California State Legislature, San Clemente is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Janet Nguyen, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Laurie Davies. [27]

In the United States House of Representatives, San Clemente is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin. [28]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, San Clemente has 40,105 registered voters. Of those, 17,791 (44.4%) are registered Republicans, 9,926 (24.8%) are registered Democrats, and 10,309 (25.7%) have declined to state a political party. [29]

San Clemente is a stalwart Republican stronghold in presidential elections with no Democratic nominee winning the city in over four decades. It was one of only five cities in Orange County that backed Donald J. Trump with majorities of its vote in both 2016 and 2020. San Clemente voted in favor of Proposition 8 by 55.5% and for Proposition 4 by 52.2%. [30]

Gene James, elected by to the City Council in 2019, was appointed Mayor in 2021. [31] James introduced a resolution to declare San Clemente a Second Amendment Freedom City in June 2021. [32] In 2022, following the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, councilmember Steve Knoblock introduced a resolution to declare San Clemente a "sanctuary for life," which would have outlawed abortion within city limits. [33] Following public pushback, the City Council voted 4–1 to table the measure, with only Knoblock voting to bring the resolution to a vote.

The California DMV has a field office in San Clemente. The location administers permit tests, behind-the-wheel tests, and various types of documentation. [34]

Media

Aerial view of San Clemente.

San Clemente was the setting of the MTV reality show Life of Ryan.

It was also the setting of the 2005 film Brick. The town was chosen because it was particularly close to the director Rian Johnson who lived there and went to San Clemente High School, which was the school depicted in the film. Many of the locations in the film are still identical to the real ones, with the exception of the Pin's house, which was flattened a week after exterior shooting; the interior was constructed in a local warehouse. The football field has also since been replaced with artificial turf and track. The phone booths used all through the film are mostly props that were placed on location. The movie One of Her Own is based on incidents in and around San Clemente. [35]

San Clemente is served by The San Clemente Times, which prints once weekly on Thursdays.

Transportation

Amtrak California's Pacific Surfliner passing through San Clemente.

Interstate 5 runs through San Clemente. The Foothill Transportation Corridor (SR 241) had proposed to connect Mission Viejo to the Orange/San Diego county line, running along the east side of San Clemente and through San Onofre State Beach on its way to I-5. The California Coastal Commission rejected this proposal 8–2. Reasons cited for rejection included: the road's alignment through a state park, endangered species habitat, and a Native American archaeological site, and the runoff from the road damaging the state park and surf break. The Federal Government rejected the proposal to place the toll road in accordance with the TCA proposal. This decision was viewed as a major defeat for the TCA and great victory for The Surfrider Foundation (which is based in San Clemente), and for assorted environmental groups. Although other alternatives have been considered, TCA has no current plans to extend the SR 241 corridor through San Clemente.

Additionally, the city is served by Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner and Metrolink's Orange County Line and Inland Empire–Orange County Line between Los Angeles and San Diego, and which provide beachside service in San Clemente. The city has two stations: San Clemente station and San Clemente Pier station.

San Clemente station.

In 2016, San Clemente began offering residents free trolley service. The San Clemente Trolley service provides three open-air (windowless) trolleys that cruise throughout the coastal areas of town and pick people up at designated stops every 15 minutes. The trolley is available Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day weekend. [36] The funding for the San Clemente Trolley came from a $1.2 million grant from the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) which the city applied for. [37] The grant will cover most of the costs for the service for seven years. The grant requires the city to fund a portion of the trolley service at $146,000 over the seven-year grant period. The Friends of the San Clemente Beaches, Parks & Recreation Foundation provided a donation of $10,000 towards the funding of the capital costs of the trolley.

In popular culture

Notable people

Brian de la Puente

Sister cities

San Clemente is twinned with:

See also

References

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  2. ^ "City Council". City of San Clemente. Retrieved December 8, 2022.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
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  7. ^ In isolation, San is pronounced Spanish pronunciation: [san]
  8. ^ "San Clemente SB". CA State Parks. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
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  10. ^ "San Onofre SB". CA State Parks. Retrieved January 5, 2023.
  11. ^ a b Gilio-Whitaker, Dina (2019). As long as grass grows : the indigenous fight for environmental justice, from colonization to Standing Rock. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 132. ISBN  978-0-8070-7378-0. OCLC  1044542033.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher ( link)
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  27. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  28. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  29. ^ "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  30. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2012.{{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
  31. ^ "Looking Ahead: Gene James Steps into the Spotlight". San Clemente Times. January 6, 2022. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  32. ^ "California city declares itself a 2nd Amendment Freedom City". San Clemente Times. June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
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  35. ^ "A surprise visit to the filming locations of my favorite movie Brick". Brands & Films. September 13, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
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